Cyborgs_Transhumanism
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L'armée américaine envisage d'implanter une carte-mémoire dans votre cerveau ! | #Cyborgs #Memory #DARPA

L'armée américaine envisage d'implanter une carte-mémoire dans votre cerveau ! | #Cyborgs #Memory #DARPA | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
L'armée américaine a l'idée folle d'implanter une carte-mémoire dans le cerveau pour augmenter ou restaurer la mémoire.
luiy's insight:

Télécharger l’intégralité de Wikipedia directement dans votre cerveau ? Apprendre à vous battre comme personne en appuyant sur un bouton comme Keanu Reeves dans Matrix ? L’agence pour les projets de recherche avancée de défense américaine envisage sérieusement ces possibilités. C’est d’ailleurs pour cette raison qu’elle a lancé le projet RAM (Restoring Active Memory) qui vise à développer d’ici quatre ans des implants cérébraux pour l’homme.


En savoir plus sur http://www.gizmodo.fr/2015/02/01/armee-americaine-implantation-carte-memoire-cerveau.html#0zau4rwzi8LlBBw9.99

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Aiko Chihira (32 ans), le #robot humanoide sous Android de Toshiba | #transhumanism

Aiko Chihira (32 ans), le #robot humanoide sous Android de Toshiba | #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

“Au CES, le fabriquant japonais Toshiba a présenté un robot humanoïde féminin. Développée en partenariat avec l’université d’Osaka et baptisée Aiko Chihira, elle est bilingue et fonctionne sous Android.”


Via Alexandre Stopnicki
luiy's insight:

Présentation de Aiko Chihira :

 

Développée avec l’Université Osaka et les instituts de technologie de Shibaura et de Shonan, Aiko Chihira parle anglais et japonais mais peut aussi s’exprimer en langue des signes. Son apprentissage est quasi instantanné : il lui suffit de quelques minutes pour pouvoir s’exprimer dans de nouvelles langues, grâce à des programmes additionnels, comme avec Pepper, le robot d’Aldebaran Robotics. Mais contrairement à lui, les expressions faciales d’Aiko Chihira sont vraiment très ressemblantes à celles d’une femme, permettant d’exprimer la colère ou la plaisir à l’aide d’un visage souriant.

A quelques centimètres de Aiko Chihira, on peut distinguer son grain de peau lui aussi parfaitement imité, bien servi par les 43 actionneurs faisant offices d’articulations pour fluidifier ses mouvements. Prochainement, Toshiba compte intégrer le développement d’une véritable capacité conversationnelle, mettant à profit les dernières avancées en matière de synthèse et de reconnaissance vocale, comme les français X-Brain ou Wit.ai, récemment racheté par Facebook.

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Amputee Makes History with APL’s Modular Prosthetic Limb | #health #cyborgs

A Colorado man made history at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) this summer when he became the first bilateral shoulder-level am...

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
luiy's insight:

A Colorado man made history at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) this summer when he became the first bilateral shoulder-level amputee to wear and simultaneously control two of the Laboratory’s Modular Prosthetic Limbs. Most importantly, Les Baugh, who lost both arms in an electrical accident 40 years ago, was able to operate the system by simply thinking about moving his limbs, performing a variety of tasks during a short training period.

 

Baugh was in town for two weeks in June as part of an APL-funded research effort to further assess the usability of the MPL, developed over the past decade as part of theRevolutionizing Prosthetics Program. Before putting the limb system through the paces, Baugh had to undergo a surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital known as targeted muscle reinnervation.

 

“It’s a relatively new surgical procedure that reassigns nerves that once controlled the arm and the hand,” explained Johns Hopkins Trauma Surgeon Albert Chi, M.D. “By reassigning existing nerves, we can make it possible for people who have had upper-arm amputations to control their prosthetic devices by merely thinking about the action they want to perform.”

 

After recovery, Baugh visited the Laboratory for training on the use of the MPLs. First, he worked with researchers on the pattern recognition system.

 

“We use pattern recognition algorithms to identify individual muscles that are contracting, how well they communicate with each other, and their amplitude and frequency,” Chi explained. “We take that information and translate that into actual movements within a prosthetic.”

 

http://www.jhuapl.edu/newscenter/pressreleases/2014/141216.asp

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The real #cyborgs - in-depth feature about people merging with machines | #sensors #devices #cyborgSex

The real #cyborgs - in-depth feature about people merging with machines | #sensors #devices #cyborgSex | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Read about the pioneers of our “post-human” future and see how they're implanting technology into their bodies and brains.
luiy's insight:

The Cybernetic Human

 

- Brain implants augment memory and provide access to the internet

 

- Wearable exoskeleton boosts strength and endurance

 

- Internet-connected spinal implant stimulates genitals for long-distance sex

 

- Interchangeble limbs match capabilities to tasksAccess-control chips replace keys and passwords

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Maîtriser le #transhumanisme : Le nouveau combat de la psychanalyse ! | #cyborgs #controverses

Maîtriser le #transhumanisme : Le nouveau combat de la psychanalyse ! | #cyborgs #controverses | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
" Le propre d’une personne suivant une idéologie ou une religion est de ne pouvoir voir la réalité et ainsi répondre à de simples questionnements scientifiques ".

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
luiy's insight:

La la National Science Foundation (NSF) , qui est la plus influente des agences scientifiques fédérales, ajoutait : « Une théorie computationnelle de l’esprit peut nous permettre de développer de nouveaux outils pour guérir ou maîtriser les effets des maladies mentales. Elle sera certainement à même de nous fournir une appréciation plus profonde de ce que nous sommes et sur la place que nous occupons dans l’univers. Comprendre l’esprit et le cerveau nous permettra de créer une nouvelle espèce de machines intelligentes, capable de produire une richesse économique sur une échelle jusqu’alors inimaginable. L’ingénierie de l’esprit est donc beaucoup plus que la poursuite d’une curiosité scientifique, beaucoup plus qu’un monumental défi technologique. C’est l’occasion d’éradiquer la pauvreté et d’ouvrir un âge d’or pour l’humanité tout entière ».

 

L’aspect quelque peu messianique de ce passage peut frapper, et il faut savoir que le concept même de NBIC a été critiqué. On lui reproche notamment d’être avant tout un concept marketing, forgé de toutes pièces par les promoteurs américains des nanotechnologies et des biotechs afin de décrocher des crédits publics, mais qui ne repose sur aucune réalité scientifique. Dans les faits, entre les nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, informatique et sciences cognitives on peut certainement repérer des convergences deux à deux (par exemple entre les sciences de l’information et les nanotechnologies), mais rien qui soit à l’intersection des quatre domaines considérés. Au Japon, pays qui a énormément investi sur ces différentes technologies, le concept n’existe pas !

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Eva Maria Matesanz's curator insight, August 24, 2014 4:10 PM

Le philosophe Jean-Claude Guillebaud repère ainsi dans le transhumanisme une forme d’immaturité militante, marquée par la haine du corps, de ses infirmités et de ses souffrances, de ses imperfections – une haine, en somme, de ce qui fait l’homme. Le transhumanisme – faut-il le dire ? – n’est pas un humanisme.

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Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics

Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin.

Via Spaceweaver, Pierre Levy
luiy's insight:

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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Pierre Tran's curator insight, July 10, 2014 1:17 AM

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

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Extending the #Cosmopolitical Right to Non-Humans | #socialchange #cyborgs


Via Andrea Naranjo
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El Pentágono presenta el futuro de las guerras digitales y robotizadas | #cyborgs #cyberwar #bigdata

El Pentágono presenta el futuro de las guerras digitales y robotizadas | #cyborgs #cyberwar #bigdata | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
La Agencia de Proyectos de Investigación Avanzada de Defensa (DARPA, en inglés) de EEUU presentó en el Pentágono los cien proyectos que prepara para guerras cibernéticas y campos d

Via Francisco Pontes Estevan, juandoming
luiy's insight:

El patio central del Pentágono mostró brazos robóticos, la versión militar de las Google Glass y sobre todo 'software' y plataformas digitales con el ojo puesto en futuras guerras cibernéticas, en las que los códigos binarios marcarán las diferencias entre vencedores y vencidos.

 

"El hombre y la máquina estarán cada vez más integrados", explicó Yifatch Eisenberg, director del proyecto de DARPA Ultra-Vis, un visor que se coloca frente al casco del soldado y envía en tiempo real información sobre órdenes, distancia a objetivos enemigos, grados con respecto al norte, situación de compañeros o la dirección a seguir.

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#Transhumanisme : de la science-fiction à la réalité | #cyborgs #health

#Transhumanisme : de la science-fiction à la réalité | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Les avancées technologiques dans les domaines de la bionique et de la génétique se succèdent à un rythme toujours plus élevé. Découvrez la nature de ces découvertes et leurs applications au travers de notre dossier consacré au transhumanisme, cette tendance qui rassemble scientifiques et technologues convaincus que le futur de l'humanité passe par une fusion entre hommes et machines. 


Via Alliance VITA, arslog
luiy's insight:

Neuromancien, RoboCop, Ghost in the Shell, Deus Ex... Les concepts évoqués dans ces œuvres de fiction, de l'interface neuronale à la réalité augmentée sans oublier les exosquelettes, les prothèses biomécaniques ou les modifications nanotechnologiques, sont en effet désormais à notre portée, quand elles ne sont pas déjà implémentées. Cela passe par les smartphones devenus indispensables et par l'essor des objets connectés : smartwatches, lunettes (voire lentilles), vêtements. Mais aussi et surtout par les progrès effectués dans le domaine médical, qu'il s'agisse de génétique ou de bionique.

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Can #robots be trusted to know right from wrong? | #algorithms #morality

Can #robots be trusted to know right from wrong? | #algorithms #morality | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
HAL 9000 (credit: Warner Bros.) Is it possible to develop moral autonomous robots with a sense for right, wrong, and the consequences of

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

Is it possible to develop “moral” autonomous robots with a sense for right, wrong, and the consequences of both?

 

Researchers from Tufts University, Brown University, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute think so, and are teaming with the U.S. Navy to explore technology that would pave the way to do exactly that.

“Moral competence can be roughly thought about as the ability to learn, reason with, act upon, and talk about the laws and societal conventions on which humans tend to agree,” says principal investigator Matthias Scheutz, professor of computer science at Tufts School of Engineering and director of the Human-Robot Interaction Laboratory (HRI Lab) at Tufts.

 

“The question is whether machines — or any other artificial system, for that matter — can emulate and exercise these abilities.”

But since there’s no universal agreement on the morality of laws and societal conventions, this raises some interesting questions. Was HAL 9000 (HAL = (Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic computer) moral? Who defines morality?

 
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Google Invents Micro Camera System for Future Contact Lenses | #Patents #AR #cyborgs

Google Invents Micro Camera System for Future Contact Lenses | #Patents #AR #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Last month Google surprised the market with a new wearable Glass off-shoot project relating to future smart contact lenses. Our report that was titled "Google Takes their Glass Vision to Smart Contact Lenses," will now act as a sort of foundational report for this invention on an ongoing basis. Today's new patent revelations cover the integration of tiny cameras into their future smart contact lenses. The user will ...

luiy's insight:

Being that this is a patent application, Google focuses on the ideas they have for future their smart contact lenses and skirts any possible health issues that may arise from wearing devices that are constantly sending and receiving wireless communications. They don't explain what materials the camera and other components will be made of to determine whether there's a risk for possible allergic reactions or if there are risks to the eye being scratched by the various components outlined in this invention.

 

Yet, to Google's credit, we see in other recent patent applications published by the US Patent Office that they have gone out of their way to demonstrate that their R&D teams have been exploring many ways to ensure that their product will be safe. Of course until it passes through the hoops of varying Governmental bodies it won't be as safe as it should be, but in the short term, Google is demonstrating that they've thought this project through from many angles including consumer safety that we'll be covering in upcoming reports throughout the coming week.

 

Google originally filed their patent application back in Q4 2012. The US Patent Office published this patent application earlier this month. Considering that this is a patent application, the timing of such a product to market is unknown at this time.

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Réalité augmentée, réalité orientée, par le philosophe Eric Sadin | #AR #enhanced #cyborgs

Réalité augmentée, réalité orientée, par le philosophe Eric Sadin | #AR #enhanced #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

La notion de «réalité augmentée» peut être prise au pied de la lettre dans la mesure où le procédé permet de saisir des dimensions dissimulées rendues manifestes, révélant un panorama élargi des choses non directement perceptibles par les sens. Appellation qui pourrait tout autant faire l’objet d’une torsion, vu les conseils à vocation généralement commerciale, qui appelleraient un léger déplacement de la dimension plutôt flatteuse «d’augmentation», pour la prise en compte de la force «orientante», devant alors plus justement être qualifiée de «réalité orientée». ...


Via Jacques Urbanska, Lockall
luiy's insight:

TOURNANT COGNITIF

 

La réalité augmentée expose la preuve patente d’une puissance virtuellement omnisciente de la technique collant désormais au corps ou faisant corps à notre perception des choses, à l’instar des Google Glass ou autres lunettes connectées qui adjoignent à l’expérience quotidienne un réservoir en théorie infini et évolutif d’indications en rapport. Ultime étape avant l’implémentation de lentilles au contact des rétines, nous érigeant comme des cyborgs non pas augmentés d’organes artificiels, mais enveloppés de données individuellement ajustées à chacun de nos «profils» et de nos situations. Dispositifs en sophistication croissante, dont on ne peut réduire la portée et les enjeux à de seules informations ou conseils prétendument «pertinents», mais qui appellent de saisir le «tournant cognitif» qui s’instaure.

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Quand l'homme est "#augmenté " par les robots | #cyborgs

Quand l'homme est "#augmenté " par les robots | #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Exosquelettes et prothèses s'améliorent toujours plus, jusqu'à dépasser les capacités du corps humain, renvoyant au courant du transhumanisme.

Via fduport, Mlik Sahib
luiy's insight:

Dans la veine d'Hercule, la société américaine Ekso Bionics a développé un exosquelette qui permet aux paraplégiques de remarcher. L'appareil est constitué de tiges d'aluminium et de titane fixées au jambes qui, mécaniquement, épaulent la personne dans sa marche.

 

Les Britanniques de BeBionic3 ont, eux, créé une prothèse pour main en aluminium et carbone qui, connectée aux terminaisons musculaires et nerveuses, permet de réaliser 14 mouvements différents : pointer l'index, agripper avec le doigt, attraper avec toute la main, pincer, etc.

 

Se pose toutefois la question : quese passe-t-il quand la prothèse surpasse l'humain ? Des chercheurs de Princeton ont en effet créé une oreille bionique permettant de restaurer une audition déficiente, mais celle-ci va plus loin et permettrait d'entendre des fréquences qu'il est normalement impossible de percevoir.

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Mlik Sahib's curator insight, March 25, 2014 2:08 PM

"Ray Kurzweil a pourtant été recruté par Google, qui lui a donné carte blanche. Le futurologue s'enflamme :

Nous voulons devenir l'origine du futur, changer la vie au sens propre et non plus au sens figuré, créer des espèces nouvelles, adopter des clones humains, sélectionner nos gamètes, sculpter nos corps et nos esprits, apprivoiser nos gènes, dévorer des festins transgéniques, faire don de nos cellules souches, voir les infrarouges, écouter les ultrasons, sentir les phéromones, cultiver nos gènes, remplacer nos neurones, faire l'amour dans l'espace, débattre avec des robots, pratiquer des clonages divers à l’infini, ajouter de nouveaux sens, vivre 20 ans ou deux siècles, habiter la Lune, tutoyer les galaxies."
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Une peau artificielle qui ressent et s'étire | #cyborgs #health

Une peau artificielle qui ressent et s'étire | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Des chercheurs ont réussi à créer une peau artificielle capable d'avoir le sens du toucher, ressentir la pression, l'humidité.


Via Alexandre Stopnicki, JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

Une équipe de chercheurs sud-coréens et américains ont réussi à créer un matériau capable d’avoir le sens du toucher, ressentir la pression, l’humidité et pourrait être utilisé pour donnes à des membres artificielles la capacité de ressentir.

 

Certaines prothèses permettent d’être contrôlées par leur porteur, utilisant les nefs, les muscles et parfois le cerveau. Malheureusement, il n’y a aucun moyen pour la personne de dire si un objet est chaud ou fragile. Ce polymère élaboré conjointement par la Corée du Sud et les États-Unis restera une peau artificielle, mais aura la même capacité élastique et sensorielle de la vraie peau. La peau est construite par un réseau très dense de capteurs faits en or et en silicium. Ce dernier matériau habituellement fragile est construit comme une onde et peut donc s’allonger pour apporter de l’élasticité au procédé.

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Humans 2.0: Seeing Ourselves Anew in ‘ #Algorithmic Cascades of #Data’ | #PostHumanism

Humans 2.0: Seeing Ourselves Anew in ‘ #Algorithmic Cascades of #Data’ | #PostHumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

Sensors are cheap and abundant. They’re already in our devices, and soon enough, many of us may elect to carry sensors in and on our bodies, and embed them in our homes, offices, and cities. This terrifies people, Jason Silva says in a new video.

 

Who hasn’t heard of Big Brother or feared the rise of the surveillance state? But Silva says there’s an upside.

 

As the world is reduced to “algorithmic cascades of data” he thinks we’ll get what Steven Johnson calls the “long view,” like a microscope or telescope for previously invisible information and datasets.

 

Billions of sensors measuring location, motion, orientation, pressure, temperature, vital signs and more—each of these will be like a pixel. Seen up close, a modestly flashing primary color. But at a distance, individual pixels dissolve. Discrete points will smooth out into a contiguous image no one could have guessed by looking at each pixel alone.

 

Exactly what image will our sensors reveal?

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Hooking Up The Brain To A Computer: Human #Cyborgs Reveal How We Learn

Hooking Up The Brain To A Computer: Human #Cyborgs Reveal How We Learn | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Hooking the brain up to a computer can do more than let the severely disabled move artificial limbs. It is also revealing the secrets of how we learn

 

When the patient Scheuermann began losing control of her muscles in 1996, due to her genetic disorder—spinocerebellar degeneration— she gave up her successful business as a planner of murder-mystery-themed events. By 2002 her disease had confined her to a wheelchair, which she now operates by flexing her chin up and down. She retains control of the muscles only in her head and neck. “The signals are not getting from my brain to my nerves,” she explains. “My brain is saying, ‘Lift up!’ to my arm, and my arm is saying, ‘I caaaan't heeeear you.’”

 

Yet technology now exists to extract those brain commands and shuttle them directly to a robotic arm, bypassing the spinal cord and limbs. Inside Scheuermann's brain are two grids of electrodes roughly the size of a pinhead that were surgically implanted in her motor cortex, a band of tissue on the surface of the brain that controls movement. The electrodes detect the rate at which about 150 of her neurons fire. Thick cables plugged into her scalp relay their electrical activity to a lab computer. As Scheuerman thinks about moving the arm, she produces patterns of electrical oscillations that software on the computer can interpret and translate into digital commands to position the robotic limb. Maneuvering the arm and hand, she can clasp a bar of chocolate or a piece of string cheese before bringing the food to her mouth.

 

When neuroscientists first set out to develop brain-controlled prostheses, they assumed they would simply record neural activity passively, as if taping a speech at a conference. The transcript produced by the monitored neurons would then be translated readily into digital commands to manipulate a prosthetic arm or leg. “Early on there was this thought that you could really decode the mind,” says neuroscientist Karunesh Ganguly of the University of California, San Francisco.

 

Yet the brain is not static. This extraordinarily complex organ evolved to let its owner react swiftly to changing conditions related to food, mates and predators. The electrical activity whirring inside an animal's head morphs constantly to integrate new information as the external milieu shifts.

 

Ganguly's postdoctoral adviser, neuroscientist Jose M. Carmena of the University of California, Berkeley, wondered whether the brain might adapt to a prosthetic device as well. That an implant could induce immediate changes in brain activity—what scientists call neuroplasticity—was apparent even in 1969, when Eberhard Fetz, a young neuroscientist at the University of Washington, reported on an electrode placed in a monkey's brain to record a single neuron. Fetz decided to reward the animal with a banana-flavored pellet every time that neuron revved up. To his surprise, the creature quickly learned how to earn itself more bites of fake banana. This revelation—that a monkey could be trained to control the firing rate of an arbitrary neuron in its brain—is what Stanford University neuroscientist Krishna Shenoy calls the “Nobel Prize moment” in the field of brain-computer interfaces.

 

Scientists were beginning to discover, however, that neurons can adjust their tuning in response to the software. In a 2009 study Carmena and Ganguly detailed two key ways that neurons begin to learn. Two monkeys spent several days practicing with a robotic arm. As their dexterity improved, their neurons changed their preferred direction (to point down rather than to the right, for example) and broadened the range of firing rates they were capable of emitting. These tuning adjustments gave the neurons the ability to issue more precise commands when they dispatched their missives.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The funeral ceremonies of the #cyborgs | THE STATE | #anthropology

The funeral ceremonies of the #cyborgs | THE STATE | #anthropology | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

This essay is a re-writing of “The Funeral Ceremonies of the Parsees,” by Jivanji Jamshedji Modi, originally read before the Anthropological Society of Bombay, on September 30, 1891, a fair-use of that content for creative literary aims. To those of the Zoroastrian faith I apologize for my shameless re-purposing of your time-honored traditions. My rationale for doing so is not to diminish or mock these ceremonies and beliefs, but to help contemporary people who are unfamiliar with these practices to look to the interesting and diverse history of human religion for ideas on how we can better understand and use new technology in a harmonious way.

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MindRDR Is A Google #Glass App You Control With Your Thoughts | #cyborgs #throughmind

MindRDR Is A Google #Glass App You Control With Your Thoughts | #cyborgs #throughmind | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Google Glass has made a name for itself (somewhat infamously) as head-mounted hardware that you can control with your voice and a sliding finger. Now, a team..

Via Jean-Pierre Blanger
luiy's insight:

MindRDR, as the app is called, links up Google Glass with another piece of head-mounted hardware, the Neurosky EEG biosensor, to create a communication loop.

 

The Neurosky biosensor picks up on brainwaves that correlate to your ability to focus. The app then translates these brainwaves into a meter reading that gets superimposed on the camera view in Google Glass. As you “focus” more with your mind, the meter goes up, and the app takes a photograph of what you are seeing in front of you.

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Scientists building ‘neurotic’ robots to help them make smarter, more human decisions | #cyborgs #emotions

Scientists building ‘neurotic’ robots to help them make smarter, more human decisions | #cyborgs #emotions | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Via juandoming
luiy's insight:

Krichmar and his team are experimenting with robotic awareness and trying to teach mechanical brains to behave more like human and animal brains by programming traits that mimic obsessive-compulsive disorder or a fear of open spaces.

 

For instance, the team studied the actions of neurotransmitter chemicals serotonin and dopamine in mice as the animals solved a maze or reacted to an unfamiliar environment. Neurotransmitters are the chemicals that combine to constitute awareness and to contribute to our senses of pleasure and well-being.

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The Inside Story of #OculusRift and How Virtual Reality Became Reality | #cyborgs #VR

The Inside Story of #OculusRift and How Virtual Reality Became Reality | #cyborgs #VR | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Oculus has found a way to make a headset that does more than just hang a big screen in front of your face. By combining stereoscopic 3-D, 360-degree visuals, and a wide field of view—along with a supersize dose of engineering and software magic—it hacks your visual cortex. As far as your brain is concerned, there’s no difference between experiencing something on the Rift and experiencing it in the real world.
luiy's insight:

ANATOMY OF THE RIFT

 

The Brain.

The biggest challenge in creating realistic VR is getting the image to change with your head movements, precisely and without any perceptible lag. The Rift fuses readings from a gyroscope, accelerometer, and magnetometer to evaluate head motion. Even better, it takes 1,000 readings a second, allowing it to predict motion and pre-­render images, shaving away precious milliseconds of latency.

 

The Display.

Even the best LCD can take 15 milliseconds for all its pixels to change color. The Rift uses AMOLED screens, which can switch color in less than a millisecond. Oculus also figured out how to deactivate those pixels rapidly so the image doesn’t smear or shake when you whip your head around.

 

The Optics.

You want an image that fills your entire field of vision without distortion. Typically that requires heavy, expensive lenses. The Rift uses a pair of cheap magnifying lenses, and Oculus developers distort their games so they look right when viewed through the optics.

 

Positional Tracking.

Previous VR headsets let you look around but not move around. The Rift’s small exter­nal camera monitors 40 infrared LEDs on the headset, tracking motion and letting you crouch, lean, or approach an in-game object.

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Mlik Sahib's curator insight, May 27, 2014 8:39 PM

"Beyond that, though, the company and its technology herald nothing less than the dawn of an entirely new era of communication. Mark Zuckerberg gestured at the possibilities himself in a Facebook post in March when he announced the acquisition: “Imagine enjoying a courtside seat at a game, studying in a classroom of students and teachers all over the world, or consulting with a doctor face-to-face—just by putting on goggles in your home.” That’s the true promise of VR: going beyond the idea of immersion and achieving true presence—the feeling of actually existing in a virtual space."

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#Cyborg Antropología y la Evaporación de la Interfaz por @caseorganic | #CyborgAnthropology

#Cyborg Antropología y la Evaporación de la Interfaz por @caseorganic | #CyborgAnthropology | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Cyborg Antropología y la Evaporación de la Interfaz from Universo Fractal on Vimeo. Posted 1 week ago by Antropofolk · Antropofolk... Subscribe. Subscribe. RSS Feed. Add to Google Reader · View RSS Feed.

Via Andrea Naranjo
luiy's insight:

La cyborg antropología es una forma de entender cómo vivimos como ciudadanos contectados de forma tecnosocial en una época moderna. Nuestros celulares, carros y laptops nos han convertido en cyborgs. ¿Qué significa extender el cuerpo hacia el hiperespacio? ¿Cuáles son las implicaciones para la privacidad, la información y la formación de identidad? Ahora que tenemos un segundo ser, ¿cómo lo protegemos?

 

Esta charla cubrirá aspectos de la compresión del tiempo y del espacio, las comunicaciones en una época móvil, las interfaces que se evaporan y cómo abordar espacios de información que cambian rápidamente.

 

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#DARPA's 'Luke Skywalker' Arm Wins FDA Approval | #cyborgs #health

#DARPA's 'Luke Skywalker' Arm Wins FDA Approval | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
An extremely advanced prosthetic arm — sometimes compared to Luke Skywalker's arm from "Star Wars" — has been approved for clinical use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, officials announced.
luiy's insight:

An extremely advanced prosthetic arm — sometimes compared to Luke Skywalker's arm from "Star Wars" — has been approved for clinical use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, officials announced.

 

The DEKA arm, funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), is an upper-limb prosthetic designed to restore near-natural control to amputees. The high-tech limb can handle objects as delicate as a grape or as hefty as a power tool, researchers said.

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In #silico: First steps towards a computer #simulation of the human #body | #cyborgs #health

In #silico: First steps towards a computer #simulation of the human #body | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
A pregnant woman undergoing tests in hospital has her biological information plugged into a computer. The results say that she is highly likely to damage her pelvic floor muscles during the birth and will probably suffer from incontinence years later. Armed with this information, doctors intervene to minimise the damage as her baby is born, and the problems are avoided.

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

The University of Sheffield’s Insigneo Institute, which was founded exactly a year ago, comprises 123 academics and clinicians who are working towards a grand European Commission-backed endeavour known as the Virtual Physiological Human programme. Collectively, they have already won more than £20 million in research funding.

The programme’s ultimate aim is to create an in silico, or computer simulated, replica of the human body that will allow the virtual testing of treatments on patients based on their own specific needs – potentially predicting future problems they may encounter or eliminating the need for invasive procedures.

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The Six Million Dollar Man May Be Closer To Reality Than You Think | #cyborgs #biohackers

The Six Million Dollar Man May Be Closer To Reality Than You Think | #cyborgs #biohackers | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
In The Future of Wearable Tech, iQ by Intel and PSFK Labs explore the evolving form and function of our … Continued

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

Despite the advent of wearable technologies, the thought of humans becoming part machine remains in the realm of science fiction. But we might be farther along in this process than you’d expect, especially after digging deeper into the concept that many are calling “Augmented Sensory Perception,” where technology is not just biometrically attuned to humans but also embedded in their bodies.


Since the 1980s, Steven Mann, often referred to as the father of wearable computing, has been tinkering with the concept of cyborgs and the idea of “humanistic intelligence.” The theory goes that by including humans in the feedback loop of the computational process, the technology and the individual become inextricably intertwined.  You can see this idea emerging at the fringes of wearable technology, where developers are viewing the limits of human ability as a starting place. This is entry point could lead to devices that extend our own physical capacities. 

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The new #bionics that let us run, climb and dance | #health #cyborgs #Biomechatronics

The new #bionics that let us run, climb and dance | #health #cyborgs #Biomechatronics | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Hugh Herr is building the next generation of bionic limbs, robotic prosthetics inspired by nature's own designs. Herr lost both legs in a climbing accident 30 years ago; now, as the head of the MIT Media Lab’s Biomechatronics group, he shows his incredible technology in a talk that's both technical and deeply personal — with the help of ballroom dancer Adrianne Haslet-Davis, who lost her left leg in the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, and performs again for the first time on the TED stage.


Via Claude Emond
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