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CIA et surprise stratégique: Le rôle de l'identité et de la construction sociale

CIA et surprise stratégique: Le rôle de l'identité et de la construction sociale | Information wars | Scoop.it
Mon ouvrage "Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001", co-écrit avec mon confrère Milo Jones (IE Business School) vient de paraître chez Stanford University Pre...
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luiy's curator insight, August 30, 2013 12:20 PM

Notre recherche montre que quatre caractéristiques fondamentales et persistantes définissent l’identité de la CIA :

Un corps homogène d’analystes qui empêche une diversité d’hypothèses d’être considérée ;Une attitude scientiste, qui privilégie une approche purement analytique et détachée d’une réalité pourtant sociale ;Une préférence pour l’information secrète qui conditionne aussi bien la sélection des priorités que la nature de l’information recherchée (tout ce qui n’est secret n’est pas digne d’intérêt) ;Une primauté du consensus qui fait que toute analyse est le résultat d’un compromis en faveur d’une analyse politiquement acceptable par toutes les parties prenantes.

Ces caractéristiques ont un impact considérable sur l’activité de la CIA. L’activité d’un service spécial se décompose en quatre grandes étapes qui définissent le "cycle du renseignement": la définition de la mission, le recueil d’information, son analyse, et enfin la production et la diffusion du résultat de l’analyse sous la forme d’un rapport ou d’une présentation orale.

L’identité organisationnelle influence, avec le contexte social en général, la définition même des problèmes.  Par exemple,  le droit des femmes en Afghanistan est un problème important pour les États-Unis. La question influence donc leur diplomatie et leur action dans le pays, alors qu’il n’est pas vécu comme un problème par une majorité d’habitants de ce pays. Il en va de même pour la culture de pavot. Le droit français considère la possession de marijuana comme un crime tandis qu’une partie de la population la considère comme un plaisir banal et légitime.

Information wars
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The Only Thing Iraq’s Sunnis and Shias Hate More Than Each Other Is the Islamic State | VICE News

The Only Thing Iraq’s Sunnis and Shias Hate More Than Each Other Is the Islamic State | VICE News | Information wars | Scoop.it
Iraq’s Sunni tribes and Shia militias are trying to put aside their history of bloodletting and find ways to support each other in the fight against the Islamic State.
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Iranian Demonstrations Heat Up In Kurdish Cities, Met With Military Violence

Iranian Demonstrations Heat Up In Kurdish Cities, Met With Military Violence | Information wars | Scoop.it
Demonstrations are spreading across the country's Kurdish cities where 25 people have been wounded as the military and police crack down on protests.
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Researchers mount cyber attacks against surgery robot

Researchers mount cyber attacks against surgery robot | Information wars | Scoop.it
A group of researchers from University of Washington have tested the security of a teleoperated robotic surgery system created by their coll...
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Separating myths from reality: Egypt’s heated religious debates

Separating myths from reality: Egypt’s heated religious debates | Information wars | Scoop.it
Last week, the privately owned Egyptian satellite channel Al-Qaherah wal Nas decided to pull the controversial talk show “With Islam” at Al-Azhar Grand Sheikh’s request. The show’s host, Islam al-B...
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Efforts to Fight Extremism in Education Misses the Point

Efforts to Fight Extremism in Education Misses the Point | Information wars | Scoop.it
On April 13, photos circulated in the Egyptian media of a book-burning ceremony. Several Ministry of Education officials can be seen in the pictures standing in a school courtyard, holding Egyptian flags and watching while a small pile of books...
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TV5Monde : comment les pirates ont débranché la chaîne

TV5Monde : comment les pirates ont débranché la chaîne | Information wars | Scoop.it
Sur le pont depuis l’attaque dont a été victime TV5 Monde, son directeur informatique Jean-Pierre Verines n’a pas fermé l’œil depuis...
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What Jordanians talk about when they talk about Israel

What Jordanians talk about when they talk about Israel | Information wars | Scoop.it
In Amman, a new think tank seeks to inject nuance into the conversation about the Jewish state and the Arab world
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DDoS attacks that crippled GitHub linked to Great Firewall of China

DDoS attacks that crippled GitHub linked to Great Firewall of China | Information wars | Scoop.it
Whitehat hacker's traceroute wizzardry pinpoints origin of denial-of-service code.
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Counter-Swarm: A Guide to Defeating Robotic Swarms

Counter-Swarm: A Guide to Defeating Robotic Swarms | Information wars | Scoop.it
War on the Rocks is expanding, and we need your help! Please support us on Indiegogo! Editor’s note: This is the last article in a six-part...
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Egypt youth embracing radicalization

Egypt youth embracing radicalization | Information wars | Scoop.it
After a long wait, Ansar Beit al-Maqdis – a group active in northern Sinai – has moved from the stage of sympathizing with ISIS to being a part of the international organization.
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Any Vietnam in Yemen will not be Egypt's Vietnam

Any Vietnam in Yemen will not be Egypt's Vietnam | Information wars | Scoop.it
( Yemen 's sixties civil war- gettyimages) After Saudi Arabia and its regional allies started their air strikes against the Iranian-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen, it did not take long for Egypt to ...
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US Govt proposes to classify cybersecurity or hacking tools as weapons of war | BetaNews

US Govt proposes to classify cybersecurity or hacking tools as weapons of war | BetaNews | Information wars | Scoop.it
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In a propaganda war against ISIS, the U.S. tried to play by the enemy’s rules

In a propaganda war against ISIS, the U.S. tried to play by the enemy’s rules | Information wars | Scoop.it
“Welcome to ISIS Land,” a State Department propaganda video that went viral, has become a flash point in a debate over how far the U.S. should go to engage a barbaric adversary online.
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APNewsBreak: Turkey, Saudi in pact to help anti-Assad rebels

APNewsBreak: Turkey, Saudi in pact to help anti-Assad rebels | Information wars | Scoop.it
ISTANBUL (AP) — Casting aside U.S. concerns about aiding extremist groups, Turkey and Saudi Arabia have converged on an aggressive new strategy to bring down Syrian President Bashar Assad. The two countries — one a democracy,…
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Sisi Pulls the Plug on the Religious Debate

Sisi Pulls the Plug on the Religious Debate | Information wars | Scoop.it
Over the past two weeks, Egyptians were not occupied with the daily terrorist attacks in Cairo, Sinai and elsewhere in which dozens were killed, or with regional wars in Yemen, Libya, and Syria. Instead, the heated debate on the airwaves and in...
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Erdogan (#Turkey) lashes out at West and Russia for recognizing Armenian killings as genocide

Erdogan (#Turkey) lashes out at West and Russia for recognizing Armenian killings as genocide | Information wars | Scoop.it
Turkish President Erdogan has slammed the world leaders for recognizing the 1915 massacre of Armenians as genocide. The Turkish leader said countries like Germany, France and Russia should first "clean their own stains."
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Turkey Nurtures Egypt’s ‘Terrorist’ Muslim Brothers

Turkey Nurtures Egypt’s ‘Terrorist’ Muslim Brothers | Information wars | Scoop.it
While Cairo hands down death sentences, Ankara allows the Brotherhood to open TV stations. A close look at a rivalry shaping many Mideast conflicts.
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French TV network TV5Monde hit by massive cyberattack - CNN.com

French TV network TV5Monde hit by massive cyberattack - CNN.com | Information wars | Scoop.it
A French television network regained control of one of its 11 channels Thursday after a cyberattack crippled its broadcasts and social media accounts.
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Iraq: The lesser of two evils - FT.com

Iraq: The lesser of two evils - FT.com | Information wars | Scoop.it
It was a trip he took often, a 90-minute drive from his mansion on the outskirts of Babel province to the capital. But something went wrong around the time he was stopped at one of many checkpoints in southern Baghdad. Exactly what transpired
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Cyberwar heats up in the Middle East

Cyberwar heats up in the Middle East | Information wars | Scoop.it
Two new malware campaigns have been spotted in the Middle East, according to reports released this week, one targeting energy companies and the other going after political targets in Israel and Lebanon.
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Syria's Idlib city falls to al-Qaida-linked militants [big sunni counter-offensive: Syria, Yemen]

Syria's Idlib city falls to al-Qaida-linked militants [big sunni counter-offensive: Syria, Yemen] | Information wars | Scoop.it
The UK-based watchdog group said a number of Syrian soldiers were either killed or captured by the radical groups in Idlib since Saturday morning,adding that seven al-Qaida-linked militants were also killed d.
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