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CIA et surprise stratégique: Le rôle de l'identité et de la construction sociale

CIA et surprise stratégique: Le rôle de l'identité et de la construction sociale | Information wars | Scoop.it
Mon ouvrage "Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001", co-écrit avec mon confrère Milo Jones (IE Business School) vient de paraître chez Stanford University Pre...
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luiy's curator insight, August 30, 2013 12:20 PM

Notre recherche montre que quatre caractéristiques fondamentales et persistantes définissent l’identité de la CIA :

Un corps homogène d’analystes qui empêche une diversité d’hypothèses d’être considérée ;Une attitude scientiste, qui privilégie une approche purement analytique et détachée d’une réalité pourtant sociale ;Une préférence pour l’information secrète qui conditionne aussi bien la sélection des priorités que la nature de l’information recherchée (tout ce qui n’est secret n’est pas digne d’intérêt) ;Une primauté du consensus qui fait que toute analyse est le résultat d’un compromis en faveur d’une analyse politiquement acceptable par toutes les parties prenantes.

Ces caractéristiques ont un impact considérable sur l’activité de la CIA. L’activité d’un service spécial se décompose en quatre grandes étapes qui définissent le "cycle du renseignement": la définition de la mission, le recueil d’information, son analyse, et enfin la production et la diffusion du résultat de l’analyse sous la forme d’un rapport ou d’une présentation orale.

L’identité organisationnelle influence, avec le contexte social en général, la définition même des problèmes.  Par exemple,  le droit des femmes en Afghanistan est un problème important pour les États-Unis. La question influence donc leur diplomatie et leur action dans le pays, alors qu’il n’est pas vécu comme un problème par une majorité d’habitants de ce pays. Il en va de même pour la culture de pavot. Le droit français considère la possession de marijuana comme un crime tandis qu’une partie de la population la considère comme un plaisir banal et légitime.

Information wars
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Boris Johnson accuses Russia and Assad of committing war crimes in Syria

Brutal attack on Syrian aid convoy should be treated as a war crime, says Britain's foreign secretary. The french gvt seems to have the same view...

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U.S., Russia poised for new battle over Syria

U.S., Russia poised for new battle over Syria | Information wars | Scoop.it
The United States and Russia are taking their differences over the conflict in Syria to new heights, after trading ferocious allegations of duplicity and malfeasance at the United Nations Security Council.
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Why Putin might be trying to recreate the Soviet-era KGB — and why he might regret it

Why Putin might be trying to recreate the Soviet-era KGB — and why he might regret it | Information wars | Scoop.it
A well-connected Russian newspaper is reporting that Vladimir Putin plans to unite his domestic security, foreign espionage, and counterintelligence agencies into one superagency, i
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One in four French Muslims in 'revolt' against secular laws - Khaleej Times

One in four French Muslims in 'revolt' against secular laws - Khaleej Times | Information wars | Scoop.it
The survey of 1,029 people aims to inform the government's plans to overhaul French Muslim bodies in the wake of several militant attacks, most of the
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‘We Misled You’: How the Saudis Are Coming Clean on Funding Terrorism

‘We Misled You’: How the Saudis Are Coming Clean on Funding Terrorism | Information wars | Scoop.it
On his latest trip, a former senior U.S. official finds a new attitude in Riyadh. But will it stick?
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In Syria, the Stakes Are High, but the Deck Is Stacked

In Syria, the Stakes Are High, but the Deck Is Stacked | Information wars | Scoop.it

Maintaining the cease-fire, which is needed to fulfill the deal for U.S.-Russian cooperation in Syria, will be a hard sell for some factions.

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U.S. Defence Secretary slams Russia over ‘clear ambition’ to ignore world order | Toronto Star

U.S. Defence Secretary slams Russia over ‘clear ambition’ to ignore world order | Toronto Star | Information wars | Scoop.it
In a hard-hitting speech, Ash Carter says Russia's recent actions demonstrate a "clear ambition to erode the principled international order”.
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US State Election System Hacks Connected to Ukraine Power Grid Attacks

US State Election System Hacks Connected to Ukraine Power Grid Attacks | Information wars | Scoop.it
Also connected to attacks against Turkey's ruling party
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Reforming Intelligence: A Proposal for Reorganizing the Intelligence Community and Improving Analysis

Reforming Intelligence: A Proposal for Reorganizing the Intelligence Community and Improving Analysis | Information wars | Scoop.it
 
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Team Obama’s appalling smugness on Syrian refugees

Team Obama’s appalling smugness on Syrian refugees | Information wars | Scoop.it

In a recent interview, Wall Street Journal reporter Jay Solomon offered an explanation for the president’s 180 (On Syria). He noted that both Iranian and US officials warned Obama that if he took action against the Assad regime, it could scuttle his ongoing nuclear diplomacy with Iran, Assad’s patron.

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Turkey-backed rebels, U.S.-backed Syrian Kurds clash as Turkey pushes into Syria | Toronto Star

Turkey-backed rebels, U.S.-backed Syrian Kurds clash as Turkey pushes into Syria | Toronto Star | Information wars | Scoop.it
Ankara escalates presence by sending more tanks into neighbouring territory, pressures Kurdish forces
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"The Islamic State is a stable entity": interview with Loretta Napoleoni

"The Islamic State is a stable entity": interview with Loretta Napoleoni | Information wars | Scoop.it
Osservatorio Mashrek's exclusive interview on Islamic State with economist and specialist on terrorism Loretta Napoleoni
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CIA Official: ‘Cloud Has Been a Godsend’

CIA Official: ‘Cloud Has Been a Godsend’ | Information wars | Scoop.it

The technology has bolstered the agency's cyber defenses and the speed at which it addresses threats to the nation.

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Turkey’s Brain Drain: Purges and Fear are Driving Turkish Scholars Out of the Country

Turkey’s Brain Drain: Purges and Fear are Driving Turkish Scholars Out of the Country | Information wars | Scoop.it
The new academic year opened under dark clouds for many scholars in Turkey. The crackdown in the aftermath of July’s attempted military coup has worsened t
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Denver police spent $30K on social media surveillance tools in May

Denver police spent $30K on social media surveillance tools in May | Information wars | Scoop.it
The funding was acquired through civil asset forfeiture, records show
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'A strong fist': Russia will revive the KGB and its all-encompassing powers

'A strong fist': Russia will revive the KGB and its all-encompassing powers | Information wars | Scoop.it
Kremlin critics were horrified by the possible return of an institution synonymous with political oppression. The KGB disbanded in 1991, following the Soviet collapse
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U.S. troops are now advising Turkish ground forces fighti | Military Times

U.S. troops are now advising Turkish ground forces fighti | Military Times | Information wars | Scoop.it
U.S. Special Operations troops are taking on a new mission in Syria, working alongside Turkish troops who are fighting Islamic State militants in the Turkish bo
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Spymasters Plan To Build ‘Great British Firewall’ - Fortuna's Corner

Spymasters Plan To Build ‘Great British Firewall’ GCHQ seeks voluntary deals with ISPs to block cyber attacks

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Now, a major Russian email provider has been hacked

Now, a major Russian email provider has been hacked | Information wars | Scoop.it
The internet giant didn't deny that it stored passwords in unencrypted plaintext, but it suggested that its password security policies are far stronger now.
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Intelligence community investigating covert Russian influence operations in the United States

Intelligence community investigating covert Russian influence operations in the United States | Information wars | Scoop.it
Agencies are probing whether the Kremlin intends to sow public distrust in the November elections through a cyber- and disinformation campaign.
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The Decay of the Syrian Regime is Much Worse Than You Think

The Decay of the Syrian Regime is Much Worse Than You Think | Information wars | Scoop.it

The syrian "state" is completely failed...

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France meets Muslim leaders, experts after burkini row

France meets Muslim leaders, experts after burkini row | Information wars | Scoop.it
PARIS - France's interior minister convened Muslim leaders Monday to discuss a French-style Islam that honours the nation's secular values, a task given new urgency after deep divisions surfaced over. . .
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North Korea's Red Star OS Is The Worst Linux Distro Ever Made

North Korea's Red Star OS Is The Worst Linux Distro Ever Made | Information wars | Scoop.it

How North Korean regime uses Linux to isolate its citizens and spy on them.

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