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Goldwasser and Micali win Turing Award - MIT News Office

Goldwasser and Micali win Turing Award - MIT News Office | Information wars | Scoop.it
Team honored for ‘revolutionizing the science of cryptography.’
Pierre Levy's insight:

One of Goldwasser and Micali’s most significant contributions is their 1985 paper, with Charles Rackoff, titled “The Knowledge Complexity of Interactive Proof Systems.” It introduced knowledge complexity, a concept that deals with hiding information from an adversary, and is a quantifiable measure of how much “useful information” could be extracted. The paper initiated the idea of “zero-knowledge” proofs, in which interaction (the ability of provers and verifiers to send each other messages back and forth) and probabilism (the ability to toss coins to decide which messages to send) enable the establishment of a fact via a statistical argument without providing any additional information as to why it is true. 

Zero-knowledge proofs were a striking new philosophical idea that provided the essential language for speaking about security of cryptographic protocols by controlling the leakage of knowledge. Subsequent works by Oded Goldreich, Micali and Avi Wigderson, and by Michael Benor, Goldwasser and Wigderson, showed that every multiparty computation could be carried out securely, revealing to the players no more knowledge than prescribed by the desired outcome. These papers exhibited the power and utility of zero-knowledge protocols, and demonstrated their ubiquitous and omnipotent character.

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Information wars
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Turkey's Erdogan threatened to flood Europe with migrants: Greek website | Top News | Reuters

Turkey's Erdogan threatened to flood Europe with migrants: Greek website | Top News | Reuters | Information wars | Scoop.it
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan threatened in November to flood Europe with migrants if European Union leaders did not offer him a better deal to help manage the Middle East refugee
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The Future of Cybersecurity Is Being Written in the Israeli Desert

The Future of Cybersecurity Is Being Written in the Israeli Desert | Information wars | Scoop.it
Inside the vast cybersecurity complex being built in the desert city of Beersheba.
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China & the Middle East: Tilting Towards Iran?

By James M. Dorsey

President Xi Jinping's visit to the Middle East, the first by a Chinese leader in seven years, saw the signing of billions of dollars' worth of agreements with Saudi Arabia and ...
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The DARPA Twitter Bot Challenge


A number of organizations ranging from terrorist groups such as ISIS to politicians and nation states reportedly conduct explicit campaigns to influence opinion on social media, posing a risk to democratic processes. There is thus a growing need to identify and eliminate "influence bots" - realistic, automated identities that illicitly shape discussion on sites like Twitter and Facebook - before they get too influential. Spurred by such events, DARPA held a 4-week competition in February/March 2015 in which multiple teams supported by the DARPA Social Media in Strategic Communications program competed to identify a set of previously identified "influence bots" serving as ground truth on a specific topic within Twitter. Past work regarding influence bots often has difficulty supporting claims about accuracy, since there is limited ground truth (though some exceptions do exist [3,7]). However, with the exception of [3], no past work has looked specifically at identifying influence bots on a specific topic. This paper describes the DARPA Challenge and describes the methods used by the three top-ranked teams.


Via Spaceweaver
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America’s New Plan to Fight ISIS Online

America’s New Plan to Fight ISIS Online | Information wars | Scoop.it
The State Department will diversify its one-way approach, while other agencies reach out to Silicon Valley.
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China Is On A Collision Course with ISIS

China Is On A Collision Course with ISIS | Information wars | Scoop.it
Bejing’s ambitious plan to build links to central Asia and Europe will demand a better counter-terrorism policy.
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ISIS Has Its Own Encrypted Chat App

ISIS Has Its Own Encrypted Chat App | Information wars | Scoop.it
Terrorists are communicating over a new secure Android app after getting kicked off WhatsApp, Telegram, and other messengers. Called "Alrawi", the encrypted..
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China Gears Up to Play Bigger Role in Middle East Politics

China Gears Up to Play Bigger Role in Middle East Politics | Information wars | Scoop.it
Analysts say President Xi Jinping's first official visit to Middle East next week is signal of Beijing's intention to be major player in Mideast affairs
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Flow of Foreign Fighters to Iraq, Syria Unrelenting

Flow of Foreign Fighters to Iraq, Syria Unrelenting | Information wars | Scoop.it
There is growing evidence the Islamic State militant group is being forced to turn to conscription, but group continues to be buoyed by a steady influx of recruits
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Fiction: Breaking Unbreakable Encryption | Monday Note

Fiction: Breaking Unbreakable Encryption | Monday Note | Information wars | Scoop.it
  Modern encryption system rely on oxymoronic “random generators”. This could be the crack in a supposedly unbreakable system. As discussed in a recent
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Hackers used malware to confuse utility in Ukraine outage

Hackers used malware to confuse utility in Ukraine outage | Information wars | Scoop.it
(Reuters) - Hackers likely caused a Dec. 23 electricity outage in Ukraine by remotely switching breakers to cut power, after installing malware to prevent technicians from detecting the attack, according to a report analysing how the incident unfolded.
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What Motivates Current Saudi Decision-Making?

What Motivates Current Saudi Decision-Making? | Information wars | Scoop.it
Saudi Arabia’s decision to execute Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr on Saturday has inflamed Sunni-Shia tensions in many parts of the Middle East. Analysts interpreted the move as bold step taken by the Saudi royals to show Iran that they are serious about holding its regional ambitions in check. Rather than impressing the Iranians, I believe the…
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An Israeli Group Created Fake Anti-Israel and Anti-Palestinian Facebook Pages. Guess Which One Got Taken Down?

An Israeli Group Created Fake Anti-Israel and Anti-Palestinian Facebook Pages. Guess Which One Got Taken Down? | Information wars | Scoop.it
An Israeli legal group has accused Facebook of favoring Palestinians over Israelis following an experiment it conducted using two phony Facebook groups with nearly identical content but with the words “Jews/Israelis” and “Arabs/Palestinians” swapped. Shurat HaDin posted a video showing highlights of what it called “The Big Facebook...
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2016: The Year of the Great Middle East Cyberwar?

2016: The Year of the Great Middle East Cyberwar? | Information wars | Scoop.it
It is an understatement to say that 2015 was a terrible year for the Middle East: the humanitarian disasters spawned by the wars in Syria and Yemen continu
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Declassified documents reveal scope of Defense Department’s cyber strategy

Declassified documents reveal scope of Defense Department’s cyber strategy | Information wars | Scoop.it
The Pentagon has declassified several confidential documents that reveal a lack of authority in Cyber Command that experts say may hamper the nascent cyber force
Pierre Levy's insight:

"The Pentagon has declassified several confidential documents that reveal a lack of authority in Cyber Command that experts say may hamper the nascent cyber force"

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US Air Force Says First Cyberspace Weapon System Fully Operational | at DefenceTalk

US Air Force Says First Cyberspace Weapon System Fully Operational | at DefenceTalk | Information wars | Scoop.it

Peterson Air Force Base: A major milestone was achieved on 7 January 2016 when the Air Force Intranet Control (AFINC) Weapon System became the first cyberspace weapon

Pierre Levy's insight:

Reading this article does not reassure me about the US safety. Just the opposite...

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US Intelligence Agencies to Investigate Russia's Infiltration of European Political Parties

US Intelligence Agencies to Investigate Russia's Infiltration of European Political Parties | Information wars | Scoop.it
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The Islamic State’s Plans for Turkey

The Islamic State’s Plans for Turkey | Information wars | Scoop.it
The video “Turkey and the Fire of Racism” begins with a map of 7th-century Arabia, outlining how Islam came to spread to Central Asia, and thereby to the T
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Details on the ideological war that IS is waging against Erdogan's AKP...

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Was Podemos Funded by Iran?

Was Podemos Funded by Iran? | Information wars | Scoop.it
Iran is alleged to have paid
Pierre Levy's insight:

Spanish police are looking into a claim that the leftwing populist party Podemos received €5 million from Iran in the run-up to this fall’s elections.

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Michael Flynn: We are heading for a ‘big war’

Michael Flynn: We are heading for a  ‘big war’ | Information wars | Scoop.it

An interview with the former head of the Defense Intelligence Agency (Russia and the USA are heading in the wrong direction in the Middle East...).

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Iran won’t surrender militias that conduct Assad’s war | The National

Iran won’t surrender militias that conduct Assad’s war | The National | Information wars | Scoop.it
The diplomatic spat between Iran and Saudi Arabia is being reflected in the debate over which groups in Syria are terrorist organisations, writes Hassan Hassan
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The Saudi Point of View: Fear and loathing in Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Point of View: Fear and loathing in Saudi Arabia | Information wars | Scoop.it
The true surprise about the Saudi-Iranian contretemps over the execution of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr is that it caught so many people off guard in the first place. Anyone paying attention to Saudi Arabia knew that something like this was a long time coming. Unfortunately, not enough people were paying attention until it was too late.
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Russian hackers suspected in blackout in Ukraine

Russian hackers suspected in blackout in Ukraine | Information wars | Scoop.it
U.S. Homeland Security and intelligence agencies are analyzing computer code from what appear to be one of the first known cyberattacks that resulted in an electrical power outage - this one in Ukraine.
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Saudi Arabia, UAE and Egypt block access to Qatari-owned news website

Saudi Arabia, UAE and Egypt block access to Qatari-owned news website | Information wars | Scoop.it
Saudi culture and media ministry shuts down access to site which has also been accused by Egypt of being mouthpiece for Muslim Brotherhood
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