Human Nature and Culture of Peace
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Human Nature and Culture of Peace
Why and how our inherent traits enable us to replace today's culture of violence and adversarialism with a new culture of peace and mutualism
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How Culture Drove Human Evolution

How Culture Drove Human Evolution | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

We've begun to pursue this idea called the cultural brain hypothesis—the idea that the real driver in the expansion of human brains was this growing cumulative body of cultural information.

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Webinar: Building a World Federation - An Idea Whose Time Has Come

Webinar: Building a World Federation - An Idea Whose Time Has Come | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

A recording of this webinar is available.

 

A century ago, during His epoch-making visit to North America, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá advised a high official in the federal government that he could best serve the interests of his country and of humanity by exporting to the rest of the world the principle of federalism underlying the American system of government. The wisdom of this advice and the key it offers to solving the gravest global challenges of our time is strikingly evident. We will explore why its application is now imperative.

 

Sovaida Ma'ani Ewing is an international lawyer turned independent scholar who writes and lectures in the area of collective security. She is the author of three books including her latest entitled "Collective Security Within Reach" (2008) with a foreword written by an Under-Secretary General of the United Nations. It offers concrete recommendations for action by world leaders, national and international, to solve some of the pressing global problems of our time.

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II Feria de Iniciativas No Violentas

II Feria de Iniciativas No Violentas | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

Información acerca de la Feria de Iniciativas No Violentas y de las diversas actividades de no violencia activa que, diferentes organizaciones, llevamos adelante de manera sostenida. La Feria fue organizada por Pressenza, La Comunidad para el desarrollo humano y el Centro de Estudios Humanistas QuituQuinde. Contamos con el apoyo del Municipio de Quito, la Administración Eloy Alfaro, UNESCO, Red de Escuelas Asociadas, Imago y VSFoto.

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Betterverse: Social Issues in the Virtual World

Betterverse: Social Issues in the Virtual World | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

How are virtual worlds helping improve lives and support the public good? Betterverse.org is a chronicle of the evolving and innovative efforts to use virtual worlds to promote various real world causes and improve the lives of people all around the globe. 

 

Machinima (digital films created using a game engine or virtual world) are a powerful and accessible medium for storytelling and artistic expression. And despite its game-based roots, there is ample evidence that machinima can be used to engage people on serious issues and ideas.

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Egoismo, generosidad y la naturaleza humana | Catalina Aguirre

Egoismo, generosidad y la naturaleza humana | Catalina Aguirre | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

El siguiente es un interesante análisis sobre uno de los temas que actualmente está de moda: los comportamientos prosociales. A través de los años han existido diversos debates, investigaciones y enfoques que argumentan y cuestionan sobre la naturaleza de la conducta humana en relación a temas de egoismo vs generosidad. Les dejo el escrito de Peter Newton-Evans M.A, distinguido activista a favor de una cultura de paz. Graduado de la Universidad de California, Davis y con más de 30 años de experiencia como psicoeducador, Peter ha conseguido dedicar su vida a construir un mundo mejor. Especializado en desarrollo social y Antropología y además miembro activo de la comunidad global Baha’i. Actualmente es investigador principal en el programa: CULTURA DE PAZ.

 

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Does Evolution Favor Competition or Cooperation?

Does Evolution Favor Competition or Cooperation? | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

"Darwin’s publication of On the Origin of Species sparked major battles. The most famous may have been between science and religion, but there were disputes within science as well. One of the most heated was whether natural selection favored cooperative or competitive behaviors, a battle that still rages today. For almost 100 years, no single person did more to promote the study of the evolution of cooperation than Peter Kropotkin.
Kropotkin traveled the world talking about the evolution of cooperation, which he called “mutual aid,” in both animals and humans."


Via Howard Rheingold
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Teaching Empathy to Your Child

Teaching Empathy to  Your Child | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

Eight strategies to develop youth’s ability to understand their own feelings and others, empathy.

 

Help your children use their heads... And their hearts. A well-rounded education is more than just reading, writing, arithmetic and recess. To become successful adults, it’s also critical that children learn to work together in and out of the classroom. Empathy, the ability to put oneself in another person’s shoes, is learned through practice. And with empathy, children become better team members and are less likely to bully. We can help our kids develop self-awareness of their feelings, regulate their emotions, and understand the feelings of others. Try these eight strategies to teach your child empathy:

 

Teach kids vocabulary to identify feelings....

 

Practice identifying emotions, using faces.

 

Use children’s natural interest in babies and toddlers to your advantage.

 

Help children cope with own emotions through calming techniques.....


Via Edwin Rutsch
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A New Kind of Social Science for the 21st century

A New Kind of Social Science for the 21st century | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

"...it's not just that a biological hurricane is approaching the social sciences. Social sciences are generating questions that biologists are becoming interested in. One of my favorite examples of this is cooperation. This is a topic that social scientists have been interested in for a very long time, and evolutionary biologists as well. But now this is drilling down even to the cellular or molecular level, and people are beginning to ask questions about how sub-organismic biological entities “cooperate,” and what does it mean for biology?"


Via Howard Rheingold
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The time is ripe for collaboration: Co-produced research is needed ...

The time is ripe for collaboration: Co-produced research is needed ... | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
Too many academics remain rooted in a mentality that fears engaging with practitioners means reducing the credibility of their work. Rachel Hayman calls for greater collaboration and an end to wasted academic work despite ...

Via David Hain
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The currency of the new economy is trust

There's been an explosion of collaborative consumption -- web-powered sharing of cars, apartments, skills. Rachel Botsman explores the currency that makes systems like Airbnb and Taskrabbit work: trust, influence, and what she calls "reputation capital."

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Restorative Justice Is The LAW

Is there any alternative to the adversarial, harmful nature of mainstream "retributive justice"? Heartspeak Producer Larry Moore explores the common ground between restorative Justice, human rights and the law in conversation with several experts in the field who advocate for what they call Restorative or Reparative Justice, which focuses on the needs of both victims and offenders, as well as the involved community, instead of satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the offender.

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Fairness can evolve by imitating one's neighbor

Fairness can evolve by imitating one's neighbor | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

As humans, we have a strong sense of fairness that often causes us to go out of our way to punish an unfair person, even when such an action comes at a cost to ourselves. This desire for fairness is epitomized by the ultimatum game, in which two players must share a sum of money. One player offers a certain nonnegotiable portion to the other player, who either accepts or declines, but declining means neither player gets any money.

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Talleres sobre Cultura de Paz en CEC-EPN

Un video promocional del ciclo de talleres sobre “Hacia una Cultura de Paz”, desde el viernes 25 a las 18h00 en el Centro de Educación Continua (CEC) de la Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Av. Toledo N23–55 y Madrid, Quito. Véase el afiche con más información a continuación en este mismo sitio.

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Ethical Democracy: A Democratic Alternative to Liberal Democracy?

Ethical Democracy: A Democratic Alternative to Liberal Democracy? | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

A recording of this session is available.

 

Liberal egalitarians typically justify democracy by claiming that political institutions must respect the inherent freedom and equality of each person subjected to political power. I argue, however, that a full justification of democracy demands that political institutions also respect the inherent nobility of persons – their capacity to exercise their ethical and moral powers and to cultivate virtues of character. Since political institutions fail to respect the nobility of persons when they provide systematic incentives for individuals to debase themselves in order to succeed, this requirement challenges the widely held view that democracy requires multiparty competitive elections.

 

Arash Abizadeh teaches political philosophy at McGill University. He received his MPhil from Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, and his PhD from Harvard University.

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Beyond the Culture of Contest: Michael Karlberg - Subtítulos en Español

TEDxInnsbruck - Michael Karlberg - Beyond the Culture of Contest: A Critical Juncture of Human History. Es profesor de comunicaciones en la Western Washington University, EE.UU. En sus investigaciones examina la lucha por generar un orden social más justo y sostenible en una era de creciente interdependencia mundial.

 

Véase la versión con títulos y subtítulos en español del video original en http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=J0ZCAbYrQ7Q.

 

Véase el libreto completo en español en
http://www.cultura-de-paz.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=444:vea-primero-esta-charla-en-ted-talks&catid=27:inicio-esp&Itemid=27

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שני פנים לסיפור - Two sided Story - للقصة وجهان

This documentary follows the exciting and unique process experienced both by Israelis and Palestinians, while learning and acknowledging the personal and national narrative of the other, as part of the "History through the Human Eye" Project.

 

Directed by TOR BEN MAYOR Produced by "FAMILIES FORUM"; The Israeli Production Company 2SHOT; And The Palestinian News Agency 'MAAN'

 

For more information please contact: office@theparentscircle.org.

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8-Step Process for Leading Change

8-Step Process for Leading Change | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
To successfully react to windows of opportunity, regardless of the focus — innovation, growth, culture, cost structure, technology — a new methodology of change leadership is required.

 

Thirty years of research by leadership guru Dr. John Kotter have proven that 70% of all major change efforts in organizations fail. Why do they fail? Because organizations often do not take the holistic approach required to see the change through.

 

However, by following the 8-Step Process outlined by Dr. Kotter, organizations can avoid failure and become adept at change. By improving their ability to change, organizations can increase their chances of success, both today and in the future. Without this ability to adapt continuously, organizations cannot thrive.

 

Dr. Kotter has proven over his years of research that following The 8-Step Process for Leading Change will help organizations succeed in an ever-changing world.

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Teaching Kids about Empathy | Kid World Citizen

Teaching Kids about Empathy | Kid World Citizen | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

How else can parents teach a child to be empathetic and compassionate towards others?


Children who have grown up in loving environments have some inherent compassion, because they been nurtured and have had their needs met. Our environments, and especially our parents’ actions shape young children and build the foundation of their personality. Children develop empathy as they witness kindness towards others, respect for other cultures and races, and examples of how to stand up for what’s right in the face of discrimination. As parents and caretakers model compassion and empathy towards their partners, children, friends, and even strangers, we demonstrate how to put our feelings into an action that helps the person suffering and alleviates their situation.

 

Our children observe our empathy when we assist someone who just dropped their groceries, return a phone left behind, stop a joke based on stereotypes, bring dinner to a new mom, or stick up for kids who are getting picked on. We are the model from which are children learn.

 

by Becky Morales


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Toward a new discourse on religion

Toward a new discourse on religion | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

The contemporary public discourse on science and religion is stuck in a quagmire that contributes little to the betterment of the world. Michael Karlberg posits that "we need to reframe the discourse on religion if we are interested in the genuine investigation of reality and the advancement of civilization. Rather than endlessly arguing 'for or against religion,' why not foster thoughtful discourse on what we mean by religion and what we need from, or demand from, religion?"

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Empathy and Education: Cultivating Compassion Skills in Children

Empathy and Education: Cultivating Compassion Skills in Children | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

When parents, teachers and experts talk about education, what typically come up are subjects like reading, writing, arithmetic. But research shows that growing the heart is key to the development of an altruistic, empathetic, kind human being.

 

This feature story explores the Charter for Compassion, which seeks to literalize the Golden Rule, not simply as a statement of principle, but as a summons to people and educators all over the world to take creative, practical, and sustained action to create a just economy and a more peaceful world.


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10 rules for modern collaboration

10 rules for modern collaboration | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

Collaboration is essential to any organization. Based on a combination of experience, discovery and observation, here are 10 tactics you might want to consider putting into practice inside your company. 


Via Kenneth Mikkelsen, David Hain
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How Women Lead: It’s All About Creating a Culture of Collaboration

How Women Lead: It’s All About Creating a Culture of Collaboration | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
By Sharon Hadary and Laura Henderson When it comes to team building, women have a terrific advantage. Women’s leadership styles are collaborative, inclusive, and consultative.

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The Neuroscience of Belonging | Brain Blogger

The Neuroscience of Belonging | Brain Blogger | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

 

The brain has evolved to respond in predictable ways to threats in the physical environment. Similarly, the brain is attuned to identify and reinforce behaviours that benefit our survival. These threat and reward-related circuits are well described. For example the amygdala, the most well studies threat-related brain region, responds to universally threatening stimuli such as a threat of pain or an approaching tarantula.

 

But what about more complex, subjective, social stimuli? For example, when a person feels rejected by a friend or partner, what happens in the brain? It is well established that people who have satisfying social relationships and feel cared for and loved by others are more physically healthy and live longer than those who feel socially isolated. In fact, feeling socially connected is protective against a range of conditions such as heart disease and cancer. Despite this, the way perceptions of social connectedness modulate physical health is not known.


Via Jim Manske
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Maggie Lawlor's curator insight, February 2, 2015 5:04 PM

Paying attention to the health of the interactions in an organisation, and between members of your organisation and other organisations  it interacts with to survive, can reap enormous benefits to the health, engagement and productivity of each of the members of an organisation and the overall organisation.  These may be one to one, one to many, many to one, peer to peer, boss to team member - every interaction supports or diminishes our sense of belonging to that group.

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Group Wisdom Promotes Cooperation in Evolutionary Social Dilemmas

What social dilemmas theories have failed to take into account thus far is the way individuals internalize the sense of the group. This finding could be important. -- Howard

 

"Whether or not to change strategy depends not only on the personal success of each individual, but also on the success of others. Using this as motivation, we study the evolution of cooperation in games that describe social dilemmas, where the propensity to adopt a different strategy depends both on individual fitness as well as on the strategies of neighbors. Regardless of whether the evolutionary process is governed by pairwise or group interactions, we show that plugging into the "wisdom of groups" strongly promotes cooperative behavior. The more the wider knowledge is taken into account the more the evolution of defectors is impaired. We explain this by revealing a dynamically decelerated invasion process, by means of which interfaces separating different domains remain smooth and defectors therefore become unable to efficiently invade cooperators. This in turn invigorates spatial reciprocity and establishes decentralized decision making as very beneficial for resolving social dilemmas."


Via Howard Rheingold
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Carlos de Avila: La Canción Propuesta

Carlos de Avila: La Canción Propuesta | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

Página del cantautor colombiano que desarrolla la iniciativa de la Canción Propuesta, consistente en la recreación de los principios y fundamentos necesarios para construir un nuevo orden de cosas en el mundo sobre bases de paz, justicia y seguridad para toda la humanidad, como desarrollo del paradigma central de la unidad en la diversidad en todos los ámbitos de la vida cultural, social, económica y política de la humanidad.

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