The brain has evolved to respond in predictable ways to threats in the physical environment. Similarly, the brain is attuned to identify and reinforce behaviours that benefit our survival. These threat and reward-related circuits are well described. For example the amygdala, the most well studies threat-related brain region, responds to universally threatening stimuli such as a threat of pain or an approaching tarantula.
But what about more complex, subjective, social stimuli? For example, when a person feels rejected by a friend or partner, what happens in the brain? It is well established that people who have satisfying social relationships and feel cared for and loved by others are more physically healthy and live longer than those who feel socially isolated. In fact, feeling socially connected is protective against a range of conditions such as heart disease and cancer. Despite this, the way perceptions of social connectedness modulate physical health is not known.
What social dilemmas theories have failed to take into account thus far is the way individuals internalize the sense of the group. This finding could be important. -- Howard
"Whether or not to change strategy depends not only on the personal success of each individual, but also on the success of others. Using this as motivation, we study the evolution of cooperation in games that describe social dilemmas, where the propensity to adopt a different strategy depends both on individual fitness as well as on the strategies of neighbors. Regardless of whether the evolutionary process is governed by pairwise or group interactions, we show that plugging into the "wisdom of groups" strongly promotes cooperative behavior. The more the wider knowledge is taken into account the more the evolution of defectors is impaired. We explain this by revealing a dynamically decelerated invasion process, by means of which interfaces separating different domains remain smooth and defectors therefore become unable to efficiently invade cooperators. This in turn invigorates spatial reciprocity and establishes decentralized decision making as very beneficial for resolving social dilemmas."
Página del cantautor colombiano que desarrolla la iniciativa de la Canción Propuesta, consistente en la recreación de los principios y fundamentos necesarios para construir un nuevo orden de cosas en el mundo sobre bases de paz, justicia y seguridad para toda la humanidad, como desarrollo del paradigma central de la unidad en la diversidad en todos los ámbitos de la vida cultural, social, económica y política de la humanidad.
They are mysterious, disturbing, exciting, funny or sad. Fables captivate listeners from all generations. The ten chosen stories are not only entertaining, but also carry important values, knowledge and ancestral wisdom.
Join me for PeaceWeek 2011, featuring dozens of inspiring peacebuilders helping us make the shift to a culture of peace! It’s totally free. Speakers include: Arun Gandhi, Alice Walker, Deepak Chopra, Marianne Williamson and many more.
Video for the international codification of human right to peace. The participants are: Juanes, Miguel Bosé, Alejandro Sanz, Eva Longoria, Paulina Rubio, Juan Luis Guerra, Amaia Montero, Daniel Martin, Pau Gasol and Rafael Nadal. Directed by Miguel Alcantud.
Vídeo promocional a favor de la codificación internacional del derecho humano a la paz. Intervienen Juanes, Miguel Bosé, Alejandro Sanz, Eva Longoria, Paulina Rubio, Juan Luis Guerra, Amaia Montero, Daniel Martin, Pau Gasol y Rafa Nadal. Dirigido por Miguel Alcantud. Firma la petición en www.pazsinfronteras.org
From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation is a serious introduction to the use of nonviolent action to topple dictatorships. Originally published in 1993 in Thailand for distribution among Burmese dissidents, this booklet has since been translated into seventeen different languages and spread worldwide. This is the third US editio
How do you deal with a bully without becoming a thug? In this wise and soulful talk, peace activist Scilla Elworthy maps out the skills we need -- as nations and individuals -- to fight extreme force without using force in return. To answer the question of why and how non-violence works, she evokes historical heroes -- Aung San Suu Kyi, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela -- and the personal philosophies that powered their peaceful protests. (Filmed at TEDxExeter.)
Scilla Elworthy founded Oxford Research Group in 1982, to promote effective dialogue between nuclear weapons policy-makers and their opponents.
Forming a Culture of Peace addresses the formation of the culture of peace by challenging the discourses, narrative frames, and systems of values and beliefs that support and promote violence and conflict, defining new comprehensive approaches to human security.
Korostelina provides the conceptual frameworks and methods for enhancing the processes of communicating peace in international relations, intra-national conflicts, peace education, and peacebuilding.
This book concentrates on the positive experiences and challenges of redefinition of conflict-based discourses and moral frames, re-humanization of former enemies, reframing narratives of intergroup relations, equity, and justice and offers valuable information as to the role of peace culture in conflict and post-conflict societies.
Giles Duley gave up a life of glamour and celebrity as a fashion photographer to travel the world and document the stories of the forgotten and marginalized. While on assignment in Afghanistan he stepped on a landmine, a horrific event that left him a triple amputee. In this moving talk Duley tells us stories of peoples lost and found -- including his. (Filmed at TEDxObserver.)
Giles Duley began his career as a fashion photographer. When it was time for a change he found himself on a journey of war and hardship.
There's been an explosion of collaborative consumption -- web-powered sharing of cars, apartments, skills. Rachel Botsman explores the currency that makes systems like Airbnb and Taskrabbit work: trust, influence, and what she calls "reputation capital."
Is there any alternative to the adversarial, harmful nature of mainstream "retributive justice"? Heartspeak Producer Larry Moore explores the common ground between restorative Justice, human rights and the law in conversation with several experts in the field who advocate for what they call Restorative or Reparative Justice, which focuses on the needs of both victims and offenders, as well as the involved community, instead of satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the offender.
As humans, we have a strong sense of fairness that often causes us to go out of our way to punish an unfair person, even when such an action comes at a cost to ourselves. This desire for fairness is epitomized by the ultimatum game, in which two players must share a sum of money. One player offers a certain nonnegotiable portion to the other player, who either accepts or declines, but declining means neither player gets any money.
Un video promocional del ciclo de talleres sobre “Hacia una Cultura de Paz”, desde el viernes 25 a las 18h00 en el Centro de Educación Continua (CEC) de la Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Av. Toledo N23–55 y Madrid, Quito. Véase el afiche con más información a continuación en este mismo sitio.
En los faldeos cordilleranos deSantiago, en Lo Cañas, reside Humberto Maturana, uno delos científicos más destacados a nivel mundial por la originalidad de su pensamiento.En una hermosa mañana nos recibió en su casa en un entorno especial y colorido, junto al canto de las aves pudimos conversar de lo humano y lo divino, pudiendo en muchos casos compartir inquietudes que nos acompañaban desdehace tiempo
“We cannot achieve democracy and lasting peace in the world unless women obtain the same opportunities as men to influence developments at all levels of society.” (Thorbjorn Jagland, a former prime minister of Norway and current head of the Nobel Peace Prize committee)
It’s all part of a larger push to take the role of women, both during times of war and times of peace, seriously.
After three years of development the IFRC has produced a skills-based toolkit designed to help youth become agents of behavioural change (RT @Federation: Find out how young people around the world are taking a leadership role in promoting peace:
Gregory Dahl, economist and senior official of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), is author of "One World. One People. How Globalization is shaping our Future".
The world is facing many crises, and little progress in addressing them, which breeds widespread pessimism and cynicism. But they are all man-made, and could be addressed if we worked together effectively. The root problem, then, is obstacles within us that prevent cooperation.
What are these obstacles? Most people would say it is human nature to be competitive and selfish, and therefore discussion of the need for cooperation is simply unrealistic. But there is strong evidence that this is a misperception of human nature and thus a false assumption.
Standing Together to Enable Peace calls for stories of the youth from across the world through their initiative, “1000 Youth for Peace”. This is an effort to combine synergies of the youth in a concerted effort towards affirmative action. Send us your stories at email@example.com
Desde su casa en Boston, donde está la sede de la Albert Einstein Institution, Gene Sharp sigue día a día las revueltas en el arco que va del Magreb a Persia. A sus 83 años no piensa en desplazarse para vivirlo en directo, como sí hizo durante las revuelta fracasada en la plaza de Tiananmen, en China, en 1989. Pero se siente vindicado. "Es bastante impresionante. Bastante impresionante", decía tras la caída, el 11 de febrero, de Hosni Mubarak tras apenas tres semanas de protestas pacíficas.
IT SEEMED to Elinor Ostrom that the world contained a large body of common sense. People, left to themselves, would sort out rational ways of surviving and getting along. Although the world's arable land, forests, fresh water and fisheries were all finite, it was possible to share them without depleting them and to care for them without fighting. While others wrote gloomily of the tragedy of the commons, seeing only overfishing and overfarming in a free-for-all of greed, Mrs Ostrom, with her loud laugh and louder tops, cut a cheery and contrarian figure.
Unlocking Insight & Intention in the 21st Century. When we collaborate, words are not only the currency of the ideas we share, they also form boundaries of what we’re able to learn and know.
Words literally define our possibilities.
Regardless of our education or level of expertise, most of us are guilty of being careless with our semantics. We speak without thinking, letting our scattered, ill-defined notions fall where they may. Ludwig Wittgenstein once called it the most fundamental problem in the great, century-old debates of philosophy and science.
Cada vez más se impone la colaboración, pero los factores que determinan nuestro éxito pueden eludirnos. La colaboración requiere de concentración, voluntad, tiempo y compromiso -- elementos claves que escasean en el Siglo 21. La colaboración es una opción, pero la tendencia ha sido no escogerla.
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