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Suzana Herculano-Houzel: What is so special about the human brain?

The human brain is puzzling -- it is curiously large given the size of our bodies, uses a tremendous amount of energy for its weight and has a bizarrely dense cerebral cortex. But: why?
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Neuroscientist Suzana Herculano-Houzel shows why we need to feed our brains more, and suggests that cooking was one technology we invented to do so. This is interesting in light of the 'hunting hypothesis', by which our brains evolved when we became 'killers', and possibly balances the focus of human brain evolution between male and female contributions.

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Human Nature and Culture of Peace
Why and how our inherent traits enable us to replace today's culture of violence and adversarialism with a new culture of peace and mutualism
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Beyond the Culture of Contest: Michael Karlberg - Subtítulos en Español

TEDxInnsbruck - Michael Karlberg - Beyond the Culture of Contest: A Critical Juncture of Human History. Es profesor de comunicaciones en la Western Washington University, EE.UU. En sus investigaciones examina la lucha por generar un orden social más justo y sostenible en una era de creciente interdependencia mundial.

 

Véase la versión con títulos y subtítulos en español del video original en http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=J0ZCAbYrQ7Q.

 

Véase el libreto completo en español en
http://www.cultura-de-paz.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=444:vea-primero-esta-charla-en-ted-talks&catid=27:inicio-esp&Itemid=27

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Las diez empresas del mundo que más dinero ganan con las guerras

Las diez empresas del mundo que más dinero ganan con las guerras | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

1 – Lockheed Martin (EEUU): Armadura de misiles, electrónica y espacio aéreo. Ventas por 36.270 millones dólares en 2011. Ganancias netas: 2.655 millones de dólares. 123.000 empleados.

2 – Boeing (EEUU): Aviones, electrónica, misiles, espacio aéreo. Ventas por 31.830 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas de 4.018 millones de dólares. 171.700 empleados.

3 – BAE Systems (Reino Unido): Aviones, artillería, misiles, vehículos militares, naves. Ventas por 29.150 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas por 2.349 millones de dólares. 93.500 empleados.

4 – General Dynamics (EEUU): Artillería, electrónica. Ventas por 23.760 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas de 2.526 millones de dólares, 95.100 empleados.

5 – Raytheon (EEUU): Misiles, electrónica. Ventas por 22.470 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas de 1.896 millones de dólares. 71.00 empleados.

6 – Northrop Grumman (EEUU): Aviones, electrónica, misiles, buques de guerra. Ventas por 21,390 millones. Ganancias netas por 2.118 millones de dólares. 72.500 empleados.

7 – EADS (UE): Aviones, electrónica, misiles. Ventas por 16.390 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas por 1.442 millones de dólares. 133.120 empleados.

8 – Finmeccanica (Italia): Aviones, vehículos de artillería, misiles. Ventas por 14.560 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas por 902 millones de dólares. 70.470 empleados.

9 – L-3 Communications (EEUU): Electrónica. Ventas por 12.520 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas por 956 millones de dólares. 61.000 empleados.

10 – United Technologies (EEUU): Aeronaves, electrónica, motores. Ventas por 11.640 millones de dólares. Ganancias netas por 5.347 millones de dólares. 199.900 empleados.

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

The myth that human beings are inherently aggressive, violent and warlike by nature is the foundation upon which fear of each other is built, the fires of hatred are fanned, and the industrial military complex is able to create the market which they supply to the tune of US$ 1.7 trillion per year.

 

Some day, this criminal racket WILL be outlawed. We need to figure out how to make that day come sooner than later. A world-wide, democratic federation of nations is the only thing that can replace today's national-security system, provide collective sovereignty over arms production and war, and bring about global collective security.

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The Next System Project

"Growing inequality, political stalemate, and climate disruption prompt an important insight. When the old ways no longer produce the outcomes we are looking for, something deeper is occurring. It is time to explore genuine alternatives and new models—“the next system.” Read the statement and add your signature at: http://thenextsystem.org"

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

The main arguments raised against fundamental, radical, revolutionary, systemic change relate to human nature. I believe these arguments are false, ungrounded and invented to protect the status quo, and have tried to show this on this Scoop.it! site and at http://cultureofpeaceprogram.org/index.php/home-eng. ;

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Why do we cooperate?

Why do we cooperate? | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
Alexander J Stewart explains how game theory might help explain the reason behind why people cooperate.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Another good summary of some of the insights from Cooperation Theory.

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We Are Built To Be Kind - YouTube

Greed is good. War is inevitable. Whether in political theory or popular culture, human nature is often portrayed as selfish and power hungry. UC Berkeley psychologist Dacher Keltner challenges this notion of human nature and seeks to better understand why we evolved pro-social emotions like empathy, compassion and gratitude.

We've all heard the phrase 'survival of the fittest', born from the Darwinian theory of natural selection. Keltner adds nuance to this concept by delving deeper into Darwin's idea that sympathy is one of the strongest human instincts — sometimes stronger than self-interest.

FEATURING: Dacher Keltner, professor of psychology and founding faculty director of the Greater Good Science Center at UC Berkeley

The research highlighted in this video has been supported in part by the National Institute of Mental Health, the Fetzer Institute, and the John Templeton Foundation.

Berkeley Social Interaction Lab: http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~keltner/

Greater Good Science Center: http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Science has debunked the myth that our brain is wired for aggression and selfishness. Why is that myth still so prevalent? It give us an excuse not to make the effort needed to go against the prevalent culture of violence and greed. The myth is also strengthened by the economic, political and military powers whose interests are promoted by having the people believe that the status quo is humanly inherent and inevitable.

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How to let altruism be your guide

How to let altruism be your guide | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
What is altruism? Put simply, it's the wish that other people may be happy. And, says Matthieu Ricard, a happiness researcher and a Buddhist monk, altruism is also a great lens for making decisions, both for the short and long term, in work and in life.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Rev. Ricard reminds us that neither selfishness nor altruism are genetically programmed in human beings, but rather are outcome of sociocultural training, and shows how he trains children for altruism. 

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How Our Creations Change Us - YouTube

“We design our world, while our world acts back on us and designs us.” - Anne-Marie Willis


“We become what we behold. We shape our tools and then our tools shape us.” Marshall McLuhan

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

For agents of social transformation, knowing how society influence us is as important as knowing how to influence society. Here is a good introduction to some of the thinking going on in this regard.

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What new power looks like

What new power looks like | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
We can see the power of distributed, crowd-sourced business models every day — witness Uber, Kickstarter, Airbnb. But veteran online activist Jeremy Heimans asks: When does that kind of "new power" start to work in politics? His surprising answer: Sooner than you think. It’s a bold argument about the future of politics and power; watch and see if you agree.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

This new type of power could be more amenable with the concept of power as capacity (see Michael Karlberg: "Beyond the Culture of Contest."

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The freedom found in restorative justice: The John Lash story

The freedom found in restorative justice: The John Lash story | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

"Two things contributed to John Lash’s purpose in life as a counselor: his time in prison and restorative justice."

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

 “We empower people to take responsibility for themselves and their conflicts by connecting with their own power of choice and responsibility for their well-being,” said Lash. We also offer support to those in conflict that isn't aimed at ‘fixing’ anyone, but instead seeks to bolster their inherent ability to express and understand meaning in the least intrusive way.”

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Which country does the most good for the world?

Which country does the most good for the world? | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
It's an unexpected side effect of globalization: problems that once would have stayed local—say, a bank lending out too much money—now have consequences worldwide. But still, countries operate independently, as if alone on the planet. Policy advisor Simon Anholt has dreamed up an unusual scale to get governments thinking outwardly: The Good Country Index. In a riveting and funny talk, he answers the question, "Which country does the most good?" The answer may surprise you (especially if you live in the US or China).
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Competitiveness is not about competition (win-lose relationships) but cooperation (win-win relationships). That simple. That seemingly difficult for the governments and corporations that currently run the world to grasp. For another scientific approach to whether being "good" is possible or even advisable, see "The Evolution of Cooperation" by Robert Axelrod.

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Liderazgo para una Cultura de Paz

Liderazgo para una Cultura de Paz | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
El Programa de Cultura de Paz se complace en anunciar su curso virtual “Liderazgo para una Cultura de Paz”, dictado por la profesora Juanita de Hernández, coautora del texto Transformative Leadership.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Es gratis esta vez porque estamos ensayando nuestra nueva plataforma de educación virtual que integra Moodle y Joomla mediante Joomdle.

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Curso Virtual: Liderazgo para una Cultura de Paz

Curso Virtual: Liderazgo para una Cultura de Paz | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

“La realidad del hombre es su pensamiento.”  Lo que habitualmente pensamos se manifiesta en nuestras acciones. Al trabajar para una cultura de paz, liderando una transformación de la sociedad, ante todo tenemos que creer que la paz realmente es posible. Por eso, el primer paso en prepararnos para ejercer este liderazgo implica un análisis crítico de nuestras propias convicciones en esta época crucial en que tenemos el privilegio de vivir.


Educapaz: Formación para una cultura de paz en ambientes virtuales


Regístrese ahora en www.educacionparalapaz.org


Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

¡Una excelente oportunidad para los hispanohablantes, de formarse como gestores de cambio social para una cultura de paz! La instructora es la autora de un excelente texto de liderazgo transformador que ha evolucionado durante unos 20 años como manual de trabajo en el campo.

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Why good leaders make you feel safe

Why good leaders make you feel safe | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
What makes a great leader? Management theorist Simon Sinek suggests, it’s someone who makes their employees feel secure, who draws staffers into a circle of trust. But creating trust and safety — especially in an uneven economy — means taking on big responsibility.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

We evolved within communities of loving, caring, compassion, empathy, cooperation, mutual trust and support, and self-sacrifice for each other, which kept us safe from the dangers outside. Let us now tap into that innate human capacity, to create a new world of loving, caring, compassion, empathy, cooperation, mutual trust and support, and self-sacrifice for each other.

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The hidden reason for poverty the world needs to address now

The hidden reason for poverty the world needs to address now | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
Collective compassion has meant an overall decrease in global poverty since the 1980s, says civil rights lawyer Gary Haugen. Yet for all the world's aid money, there's a pervasive hidden problem keeping poverty alive. Haugen reveals the dark underlying cause we must recognize and act on now.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

The argument that violence is innate to human nature -- scientifically unfounded yet massively unquestioned -- is one of the greatest obstacles to eradicating violence. We need to openly recognize that the violent human nature myth is nothing but a smoke screen that individuals and institutions using violence to meet their criminal ends hide behind. Violence is and always has been anathema to human well being and it can and must be stopped.

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How to make peace? Get angry

How to make peace? Get angry | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
How did a young man born into a high caste in India come to free 83,000 children from slavery? Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Kailash Satyarthi offers a surprising piece of advice to anyone who wants to change the world for the better: Get angry at injustice. In this powerful talk, he shows how a lifetime of peace-making sprang from a lifetime of outrage.
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

'Feel-good' spirituality consists of attempting to avoid 'negative' emotions such as anger. We need a new brand of 'feel-bad' spirituality that suffers, cries, shouts out, and gets angry at the injustices around us, and that moves us to make a herculean effort and shed blood, sweat and tears to change them.

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Bruce Lipton, Ph.D. Epigenetics: The science of Human Empowerment - YouTube

Through the research of Dr. Lipton and other leading-edge scientists, stunning new discoveries have been made about the interaction between your mind and body and the processes by which cells receive information. It shows that genes and DNA do not control our biology, that instead DNA is controlled by signals from outside the cell, including the energetic messages emanating from our thoughts. He demonstrates how the new science of Epigenetics is revolutionizing our understanding of the link between mind and matter and the profound effects it has on our personal lives and the collective life of our species."

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Bottom line? "Human nature" is simply the ability to adjust our behavior to our environment. Epigenetics enable us to adapt to our environment, which changes us and we can in turn change. Old-school genetic determinism disempowered us; epigenetics re-empowers us. What will we now do with this new-found freedom?

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How to understand power - Eric Liu

"Every day, we move and operate within systems of power that other people have constructed. But we’re often uncomfortable talking about power. Why? Eric Liu describes the six sources of power and explains how understanding them is key to being an effective citizen."

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

This is a good summary of the traditional view of power. For non-traditional, cutting-edge concepts of power, see http://cultureofpeaceprogram.org/index.php/social-theory/adversarialism-and-power. ;

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Peace code in the human brain | Robin Grille | TEDxPittwater - YouTube

"Ground-breaking discoveries about early childhood and the human brain have offered vital clues about the roots of human violence and social disharmony. Our brains’ empathy centres grow – or fail to grow – according to how we are nurtured. Avalon's Robin Grille will cite several examples of startling advances in democracy, peace and social harmony that have resulted from child-rearing reforms around the world. What are the specific implications for parents, teachers and social policy makers? Discover your personal role in this unfolding global movement!"

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

The poor quality of this recording contrasts sharply with its highly important, revolutionary message. Not only does Robin Grille offer insights into why violence has historically predominated on the world scene; he also proposes clear, practicable measures to change that trend.

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From the Knowledge Economy to the Human Economy

From the Knowledge Economy to the Human Economy | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

"In an age of increasingly smart computers, what makes human workers valuable?

 

"In the human economy, the most valuable workers will be hired hearts. The know-how and analytic skills that made them indispensable in the knowledge economy no longer give them an advantage over increasingly intelligent machines. But they will still bring to their work essential traits that can’t be and won’t be programmed into software, like creativity, passion, character, and collaborative spirit—their humanity, in other words. The ability to leverage these strengths will be the source of one organization’s superiority over another."

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Educating children in principles, values and qualities of the heart, and then "institutionalizing" those values into our diverse social structures, is key to building the "human economy". 

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It’s our city. Let’s fix it

It’s our city. Let’s fix it | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
Too often, people feel checked out of politics — even at the level of their own city. But urban activist Alessandra Orofino thinks that can change, using a mix of tech and old-fashioned human connection. Sharing examples from her hometown of Rio, she says: "It is up to us to decide whether we want schools or parking lots, recycling projects or construction sites, cars or buses, loneliness or solidarity."
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

The time for participatory democracy is now.

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Living Room Conversations

Living Room Conversations | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

"I have seen the dysfunction of partisan behaviors and believe we must and can do better. I have faith in the good will, intelligence and power of citizens.


It is time to rebuild respectful civil discourse while embracing our core shared values. Adversarial solutions will not create the solutions to the big challenges we face this century. We must learn to engage in collaborative problem solving - holding the tension of our differences while working together with respect and an open heart I believe we can create solutions that are better than any group alone could devise." ~ Joan Blades

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Moral behavior in animals - Frans de Waal

Moral behavior in animals - Frans de Waal | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
Empathy, cooperation, fairness and reciprocity -- caring about the well-being of others seems like a very human trait. But Frans de Waal shares some surprising videos of behavioral tests, on primates and other mammals, that show how many of these moral traits all of us share.
(Filmed at TEDxPeachtree.)
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

How much more scientific evidence debunking the myths that humans are inherently selfish, greedy, competitive, aggressive, and violent will be needed before we decide to stop trying to hide behind these myths to justify our collective mistakes and start building new economic, political and other social structures?

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How To Save The World With Empathy

How To Save The World With Empathy | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

"The idea of empathy has sparked a lot of interest in recent years, especially with the discovery that humans are neurologically wired to feel it. It is one thing to be aware of the concept of empathy and quite another to understand the importance of it in bringing about positive changes – not just on an individual level. Empathy isn’t just about “being nice”; it has the potential to change human interaction on a mass, collective scale."

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

"While extending our sense of compassion from the close circle of our friends and family to the rest of humanity is certainly an achievement, it is inevitably impossible to empathise with strangers to the same extent as those who you regularly interact with. The point is to cultivate the notion that even if we cannot completely empathise with people on the other side of the world, their lives are just as valuable as the lives of our loved ones. Rationality isn’t enough – after all, psychopaths can recognise what decisions society would deem as “morally correct”; they simply have no incentive to choose that option. Ultimately it is empathy which ignites a sense of concern for others other than ourselves that is crucial to bringing about action that will lead to humanity’s progress, for the better."

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Curso virtual de Educapaz: Liderazgo para la Paz

Curso virtual de Educapaz: Liderazgo para la Paz | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it

Se examina la necesidad de transformar nuestra forma de pensar acerca de la naturaleza del ser humano, la sociedad, y especialmente el liderazgo, con el fin de fomentar una cultura de paz. Se presenta un nuevo marco conceptual de liderazgo orientado al servicio y enfocado a la transformación personal y social.

Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Es una excelente oportunidad, que se ofrece gratuitamente por ser un piloto de nuestra nueva plataforma de educación virtual con la combinación Moodle-Joomdle-Joomla. ¡Aproveche!

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Why veterans miss war

Why veterans miss war | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
Civilians don’t miss war. But soldiers often do. Journalist Sebastian Junger shares his experience embedded with American soldiers at Restrepo, an outpost in Afghanistan's Korengal Valley that saw heavy combat. Giving a look at the "altered state of mind" that comes with war, he shows how combat gives soldiers an intense experience of connection. In the end, could it actually be "the opposite of war" that soldiers miss? 
Peter C. Newton-Evans's insight:

Soldiers do not love war because of the violence, aggression and fighting. They love it because of the comradeship, the sense of belonging, the willingness to sacrifice oneself for others, and the knowing that they would do the same. THAT is our true human nature. We need to think about how we can create that situation in other areas of our collective life.

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Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano - Cultura de Paz

Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano - Cultura de Paz | Human Nature and Culture of Peace | Scoop.it
FFLA ha desarrollado un proceso de formación para actores sociales como promotores de cultura de paz en zonas con altos índices de violencia para contribuir a consolidar tejidos sociales y promover una cultura de paz con tomadores de decisiones y sociedad civil, prioritariamente en zonas fronterizas de América Latina. Uno de los elementos centrales de esta formación es la lucha contra la violencia, que ha generado que las relaciones personales se deterioren y el tejido social se debilite. La propuesta que FFLA plantea va en estos dos sentidos: por un lado, recuperar los vínculos entre los individuos, y en segundo lugar, fortalecer el tejido social desde la mirada y el enfoque de la no violencia, los derechos y la cultura de paz.

La metodología propuesta se basa en la pedagogía para la cultura de paz, la cual tiene tres momentos: sentir, pensar y actuar. Esta pedagogía apunta a cambiar las actitudes de las personas para modificar las estructuras de injusticia y violencia. Se parte del sentir, tomando en cuenta que las personas tienen actitudes y comportamientos que les llevan actuar de manera violenta. Frente a esto, se tendrá que pensar-analizar por qué se producen esas situaciones, y cuál es la realidad que vivimos que hace que la sociedad sea violenta. Analizada la realidad y nuestros sentires, asumimos compromisos para actuar y cambiar esa situación.
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