Thumbnail descriptions of the thinking strategies commonly used by creative geniuses.
Recognizing the common thinking strategies of creative geniuses and applying them will make you more creative in your work and personal life. Creative geniuses are geniuses because they know "how" to think, instead of "what" to think. Sociologist Harriet Zuckerman published an interesting study of the Nobel Prize winners who were living in the United States in 1977. She discovered that six of Enrico Fermi's students won the prize. Ernst Lawrence and Niels Bohr each had four. J. J. Thompson and Ernest Rutherford between them trained seventeen Nobel laureates. This was no accident. It is obvious that these Nobel laureates were not only creative in their own right, but were also able to teach others how to think creatively.
There are three things that continue to astound me about most organizations: The cro-magnon way performance reviews are done; the pitiful way brainstorm sessions are run and; the voo doo way decisions are made.
What follows is an elaboration of the third -- 12 common phenomena that contribute to funky decision making.
'Thinking cap' makes a virtually impossible problem — possible.
Do I think scientists are ready to sell mini-transcranial direct current stimulation devices to Walgreens? Probably not. tDCS is still controversial and a lot more research is needed. Still, I think there is a lot of potential here and one day in the not too distant future I believe it will be possible. You really can mess with your brain to great effect.
What Brazil's favelas have to do with field science and Milton Glaser's creative process.
The nature and origin of creativity is the subject of many a theory. But, rather than theorizing about it, wouldn’t it be great if we could just lift the lid of a great creative mind and see just how the machinery works? Well, we sort of can — by way of great creators’ private notebooks and sketchbooks, which offer a trip to as close to the creative process as we can get. After last week’s rare look at Michelangelo’s, here are five cross-disciplinary favorites, spanning everything from street art to field science.
The paradoxes of bipolar and creativity. Last night, reading the wonderful third chapter of Jonah Lehrer’s Imagine, I came across some material, new to me, on the links between melancholy and creativity. I’m fairly familiar with this literature, but not the the last couple years’ worth, and in that time the stack has grown. Experimental work by researchers like Joe Forgas and Modupe Akinola, which shows that melancholy can sharpen cognition, now fattens the pile of studies pioneered by researchers such as Nancy Andreasen.
Problem: a fixed mindset causes undue stress “It’s not how hard you can hit. It’s how hard you can get hit and keep on moving forward.” Rocky Balboa.
They looked at so-called geniuses (and also at the places in the world that produce exceptional talent) and concluded that an outrageous amount of the right kind of practice is really what separated the goods from the greats. In other words, anyone who works hard enough and applies themselves to developing skills the ‘right’ way can develop what looks and smells like genius.
Certain meditation techniques can promote creative thinking. This study is a clear indication that the advantages of particular types of meditation extend much further than simply relaxation. The findings support the belief that meditation can have a long-lasting influence on human cognition, including how we think and how we experience events.
Creativity and Innovation Week for 2012, here are some of the top viewed extreme creativity-oriented articles on the Brainzooming blog since last year’s World (World Creativity and Innovation Week - An Extreme #Creativity Rewind - http://t.co/AOYrqLYH...
What knowing the limits of knowledge has to do with finding the frontiers of creativity.
In this wonderful talk from The School of Life, Robinson articulates the ethos at the heart of The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything — one of 7 essential books on education — and echoes, with his signature blend of wit and wisdom, many of the insights in this indispensable collection of advice on how to find your purpose and do what you love.
Was the revolutionary circular scroll wheel on the Apple iPod inspired by kinhin, the Zen practice of walking in circles while meditating? There’s no hard evidence, but a new book, The Zen of Steve Jobs, suggests a connection.
Machine intelligence is improving rapidly, to the point that the scientist of the future may not even be human! And they will be creative too, following an algorithm of creativity. Let me explain it in a nutshell. As you are interacting with your environment, you record and encode (e.g., through a neural net) the growing history of sensory data that you create and shape through your actions.
Any discovery (say, through a standard neural net learning algorithm) of a new regularity in the data will make the code more efficient (e.g., less bits or synapses needed, or less time). This efficiency progress can be measured — it’s the wow-effect or fun! A real number.
This number is a reward signal for the separate action-selecting module, which uses a reinforcement learning method to maximize the future expected sum of such rewards or wow-effects. Just like a physicist gets intrinsic reward for creating an experiment leading to observations obeying a previously unpublished physical law that allows for better compressing the data.
iCub baby robot (credit: Jürgen Schmidhuber )
Or a composer creating a new but non-random, non-arbitrary melody with novel, unexpected but regular harmonies that also permit wow-effects through progress of the learning data encoder. Or a comedian inventing a novel joke with an unexpected punch line, related to the beginning of the story in an initially unexpected but quickly learnable way that also allows for better compression of the perceived data.
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