Cultibotics
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Cultibotics
Cultibotics is about applying robotics to making horticultural best practices scalable and economical.
Curated by John Payne
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Sangbae Kim: Actuation, structure and control of the MIT cheetah robot | CMU RI Seminar

“Sangbae Kim has served as an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering at MIT since 2009. As the director of the Biomimetic Robotics Laboratory, Sangbae has been developing bio-inspired robotic design processes. His design approaches focus on the design principles from complex biological systems from understanding the difference between biological and engineering requirements. Kim's achievement on bio-inspired robot development includes the world's first directional adhesive inspired from gecko lizards, and a climbing robot, Stickybot, that utilizes the directional adhesives to climb smooth surfaces.” The primary example of bioinspiration presented in this talk is the MIT Cheetah robot.

John Payne's insight:

My apologies for overlooking this when it first became available.  I have no idea how I missed it.

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Ocean robots could help uncover mysteries of the Deep Blue | The Stack

Ocean robots could help uncover mysteries of the Deep Blue | The Stack | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“A swarm of pumpkin-shaped robots is being developed to map oceans, gathering maritime data for use in tourism, reef monitoring and anti-terrorism among other applications. The Eve robot – or Ellipsodial Vehicle for Exploration – was created by Sampriti Bhattacharyya, a robotics engineer at the Massachusetts Institute for Technology (MIT). The scientist envisions her yellow robots travelling below the water’s surface, using their sensors to detect and monitor underwater happenings – both individually and collaboratively.”

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Skype co-founders want autonomous robots to deliver parcels | Gizmag

Skype co-founders want autonomous robots to deliver parcels | Gizmag | Cultibotics | Scoop.it
Starship Technologies hopes to change the way local goods are delivered by introducing fleets of self-driving delivery robots that will short circuit the last mile.
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Ryan Eustice: University of Michigan’s work toward autonomous cars | CMU RI Seminar

Ryan Eustice  is an Associate Professor in the Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering at the University of Michigan. In this presentation he provides an overview of on-going work in full-scale automated driving, with particular attention to successes in high definition map building and precision localization.

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New artificial fingerprints feel texture, hear sound | AAAS Science

New artificial fingerprints feel texture, hear sound | AAAS Science | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“The electronic material, which mimics the swirling designs imprinted on every finger, can sense pressure, temperature, and even sound. Though the technology has yet to be tested outside the lab, researchers say it could be key to adding sensation to artificial limbs or even enhancing the senses we already have.”

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World of KUKA video | KUKA Robotics

KUKA Robotics, your experts in the plasitcs, healthcare, machine tools, foundry, electronics, automotive, arc welding industries.
John Payne's insight:

Granted, this is a marketing video for KUKA robotics, but it could just as easily be ABB, or any of several other companies.  I'm posting it in part because of the production quality, but more to the point because of the range of applications shown in a minute and a half.

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Louis-Philippe Mordancy: Multimodal machine learning | CMU RI Seminar

“Human face-to-face communication is a little like a dance, in that participants continuously adjust their behaviors based on verbal and nonverbal cues from the social context. Today's computers and interactive devices are still lacking many of these human-like abilities to hold fluid and natural interactions.”

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Robots with 'eyes' in their hands may prove more dextrous | Gizmag

Robots with 'eyes' in their hands may prove more dextrous | Gizmag | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a robotic hand with 'eyes' built into its fingers, making it far more sensitive to position and force than conventional machine grippers.

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Inflatable graspers let robots 'handle with care' | Gizmag

Inflatable graspers let robots 'handle with care' | Gizmag | Cultibotics | Scoop.it
Inflatable robots might just be the way to go. If not their whole bodies, then at least their hands. Scientists at Disney Research have made steps in this direction, by creating inflatable graspers that excel at handling delicate objects without breaking them.
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Matei Ciocarlie: Versatility in robotic manipulation | CMU RI Seminar

Ciocarlie presents “a number of methods for increasing the versatility of mobile manipulators, from novel hand designs and grasp planning algorithms to Human-in-the-Loop manipulation and its applications in assistive robotics.” 

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What happens when you teach math in the garden? | Civil Eats

What happens when you teach math in the garden? | Civil Eats | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“Organizations like Green City Growers and City Sprouts, another Boston-area school garden program, are taking an unorthodox approach to education, bringing classroom subjects like math and social studies into the garden. Using hands-on, garden-based examples, they hope to provide lessons with a technique that differs from the traditional classroom, all while teaching young urban-dwellers where fruits and veggies come from.”

 
Via Alan Yoshioka
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Five lessons from hurricane Katrina... | Huffington Post

Five lessons from hurricane Katrina... | Huffington Post | Cultibotics | Scoop.it
Robin Murphy is the master of disaster robots. After 9/11, she deployed small mobile robots to investigate the rubble. In the wake of Katrina, she sent small, unmanned aerial vehicles to explore buildings on the Gulf Coast - the first time UAVs had been used for emergency structural inspections.
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Telepresence etiquette | Wired

“I have been part robot since May. I've learned a lot about how robotic and human co-workers have to adjust to get along in the office of the future while piloting my $2500 Double telepresence robot. Here are my rules of robot human workplace interaction.”

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Gill Pratt says autonomous cars aren't as clever as you think | Computerworld

Gill Pratt says autonomous cars aren't as clever as you think | Computerworld | Cultibotics | Scoop.it
The head of Toyota's billion-dollar U.S. artificial intelligence research center delivered a reality check for anyone over-enamored of autonomous car technology: the cars aren't as clever as you might think.
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Intelligent soil tillage: Automatic set up and control of tillage equipment | AU-ENG Inspire Event

“Thomas Jensen proposes a system for 3D mapping of the soil surface based on laser scanning. The scanning system can be used to gather high-resolution surface images and can be mounted on the tractor or implement for rapid mapping of entire fields during tillage. The 3D surface maps are analysed using algorithms for estimating soil properties such as surface roughness and top soil aggregate size distribution. These proposed methods were studied through field tests of tillage operations.”

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Automation in agriculture via signal processing | AU-ENG Inspire Event

“PostDoc Kim Steen describes the use of computer vision and machine learning to develop warning systems for semi-autonomous agricultural machines, and how this research can be utilized in robotic farming.  Presented at Inspire Event @ Aarhus University, Department of Engineering (Electrical and Computer Engineering).”

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Restoring soil quality to sequester carbon on a grand scale | Fast Company

Restoring soil quality to sequester carbon on a grand scale | Fast Company | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“Little known climate change fact: Just the first meter of soil contains as much carbon as the entire atmosphere. And there's potential to soak up much more.”


Via Raphael Souchier
John Payne's insight:

Where did all the carbon that used to be in the soil go?  Into the atmosphere and oceans, of course.  Why?  Because of how we go about farming?  How is this relevant to robotics?  With the introduction of robotics to agriculture, we have the opportunity to turn this around and move a huge amount of carbon out of the atmosphere back into the soil.  But this will only happen if robotic technologies are applied in support of methods that improve rather than degrade soil quality, something which is only partially under the control of roboticists.  However, roboticists can help by pointing out, at every opportunity, the scarcity of funding for robotic technologies in support of farming methods which improve soil quality, and by suggesting technologies they believe they could develop if funding were available.

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Raphael Souchier's curator insight, October 31, 2015 3:04 AM

Le 1° mètre de sol contient autant de CO2 que l'atmosphère! Mais l'agriculture moderne a libéré ce carbone.                              Bonne nouvelle: Il est facilement et naturellement possible de l'y ramener, avec un immense impact positif sur le climat.  

Raphael Souchier's curator insight, October 31, 2015 4:02 AM

Le 1° mètre de sol contient autant de CO2 que l'atmosphère! Mais l'agriculture moderne a libéré ce carbone.                              Bonne nouvelle: Il est facilement et naturellement possible de l'y ramener, avec un immense impact positif sur le climat.  

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Yamaha's Motobot motorcycle-riding humanoid robot | Gizmag

Yamaha's Motobot motorcycle-riding humanoid robot | Gizmag | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“Yamaha surprised at the Tokyo Motor Show today when it showed a motorcycle-riding robot along with images showing the robot riding Yamaha's 1000cc R1M. The motorcycle-riding humanoid is part of an R&D effort aimed at creating advanced rider safety and rider-support systems.”

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Sonia Chernova: Leveraging the web to advance robot autonomy | CMU RI Seminar

“The development of robots that work alongside human users and are adaptable to changing task and user needs is of critical importance for furthering industries as diverse as manufacturing, healthcare, defense, and consumer services. To operate effectively in these complex domains, robots must have the ability to adapt to user preferences and learn from user input.”

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The complex nature of GMOs calls for a new conversation | Ensia

The complex nature of GMOs calls for a new conversation | Ensia | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

"An honest discussion of genetically modified organisms must move beyond narrow concepts of human health to the wider social and environmental impacts of engineered crops."

John Payne's insight:

This polarized debate over GMOs contributes to a stark, unrealistic dichotomy, between conventional (a.k.a. "modern") agriculture and traditional methods, with the latter being portrayed as unscalable, "inefficient", and eccentric.  This dichotomy distracts attention from the development of technologies that have the potential to make methods more closely resembling traditional methods both scalable and efficient (as used by "modern" agriculturalists), through the application of replicable robotic technologies at a scale appropriate to the manipulation of plants and the organisms that coexist with them.

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The FAA has missed its congressionally mandated deadline to regulate drones | Motherboard

The FAA has missed its congressionally mandated deadline to regulate drones | Motherboard | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“When Congress passed the FAA Modernization Act in 2012, it gave the agency until September 30, 2015 to fully regulate commercial drones for use in the United States. Well, it's October 1, and we're left with a patchwork of regulatory band-aids, quasi-legal "guidelines," and a small drone rule that still hasn't gone into effect yet.”

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Tanzania turns to anti-poaching drones to help endangered wildlife | Gizmag

Tanzania turns to anti-poaching drones to help endangered wildlife | Gizmag | Cultibotics | Scoop.it
As is the story throughout much of the parklands across Africa, endangered species in Tanzania are under threat from poaching. So following other conservationists across the continent, Bathawk Recon have field-tested surveillance drones to better protect the local wildlife.
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There aren’t enough vegetables in America for everyone | TreeHugger

There aren’t enough vegetables in America for everyone | TreeHugger | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

New data points to a lack of nutritional diversity in the U.S., as well as a veggie shortage.


Via Alan Yoshioka
John Payne's insight:

Not only is there a supply shortfall, but much of what produce there is goes to waste, in part due to blemishes, but perhaps also in part because people would rather rely on nutritional supplements than risk increasing their exposure to pesticides. It is my belief that robotics is the key to producing fruit and vegetables in greater variety without the use of herbicides and pesticides, by substituting mechanical management for poisons.

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Gregory S. Chirikjian: Stochastic models in robotics | CMU RI Seminar

“Many stochastic problems of interest in engineering involve random rigid-body motions. In this talk, a variety of stochastic phenomena that evolve on the group of rigid-body motions will be discussed. These include mobile robot path planning, and robot-arm inverse kinematics. These topics lead in to our current work on multi-robot team diagnosis and repair, information fusion, and self-replicating robots.”

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50 UAVs controlled by a single pilot | Discovery News

50 UAVs controlled by a single pilot | Discovery News | Cultibotics | Scoop.it

“You know the times are a-changing when postgraduate student projects involve the phrase ‘record-breaking drone swarm.’ That’s what’s happening over at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterrey, Calif., where a team of students recently launched 50 aerial drones, all piloted by a single (human) operator.”

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