On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba and claimed the island for the Kingdom of Spain.Tourists in Cuba mainly come from Canada and Europe.Over three quarters of Cuba’s food is imported from other countries.Large oil deposits have been found in the North Cuba Basin.Cuban food is fusion of Spanish and Caribbean foods.People in Cuba have a slightly higher life expectancy that people in the United States.
Havana is the administrative seat of this Caribbean island. Things to do in Havana are plentiful, with Havana attractions covering the full range of tourist sites and local gems. Of course, just walking around this beguiling city characterized by marvelous architecture, 1950s Cadillacs, and a sheer absence of advertisements is one of the top activities in Havana in itself.
The Liberation Day is one of the most important Holiday in Cuba. The Liberation Day falls on the 1st of January every year. The Liberation Day is celebrated to commemorate the victory of the Cuban Revolution. The great Cuban leader, Fidel Castro, led the Cuban Revolution in the year 1956. Fidel Castro emerged victorious in the year 1959 when the opposition led by Fulgencio Batista retreated after a four year long war.
Tony has a proper introduction to Cuban food at a locals home.
Havana's cuisine is mostly based on fried food and meat, and its main dish is "Congri" made of fried rice, onion, beans and bacon. There are also many other important dishes like the "frijoles durmientes" which are smashed beans and the traditional "moros y cristianos" a mix of beans and rice. The grilled or smoked pork meat and the "pollo a la criolla" Creole-style chicken prepared with potatoes, tomatoes and onions are typical dishes of the region. There is one special dish that is the proof of the cultures mix, the "ajiaco", which is a soup made of maize and meats including pork, chicken and beef.
Cuba is a communist country. The Cuban constitution states that, "the Communist Party of Cuba...is the superior guiding force of society and the state." Members are selected by the party in a thorough process that includes interviews with co-workers and neighbors. Those selected are considered model citizens and strong supporters of the revolution. The Communist Party of Cuba is the sole legal political party, and no other party is legally allowed to exist. In later years independent candidates have been nominally allowed to participate.
Cuban leaders rule everything. The role of the Castro brothers is to make sure the Cuban people don't have the freedoms people in most countries take for granted.
The Cuban convertible peso (CUC) is the only currency used by island visitors. All goods and services are priced and paid for in the CUC, including the Cuban airport departure tax of 25 CUC, gratuities, etc. The purchasing power of the CUC in Cuba is similar to that of the US dollar. The CUC benchmarked to the US dollar at one-to-one: One CUC = One US dollar.
The flag of Cuba was adopted on May 20, 1902. The flag is made up of three blue stripes and two white stripes, and a red equilateral triangle with a white 5 pointed star. The Cuban government's official version of the meaning of the Cuban flag states that - the blue stripes refer to the three old divisions of the island; and the two white stripes represent the strength of the independent ideal. The red triangle symbolizes equality, fraternity and freedom, as well as the blood shed in the island's struggle for independence. Finally, the white star symbolizes the absolute freedom among the Cuban people.
Capital of Cuba is Havana, which is the heart of Cuba. The capitols entrance is protected by a castle built in 1589 to 1630. Since 1986 the castle has hosted a maritime museum. The population of Havana is around 2 million. Old Havana has been restored and is sometimes called a colonial gem. If all Havana were restored in a similar way the city would become one of the most beautiful capitals of the world.
Che Guevara was a Marxist revolutionary allied with Fidel Castro who went on to become an iconic cultural hero. Marxist Cuban political leader Fidel Castro helped lead the Cuban Revolution, and served as president of Cuba from 1976 to 2008. Desi Arnaz was a Cuban-born actor and musician who is remembered for his marriage to Lucille Ball and their TV show I Love Lucy.
1492 - The navigator Christopher Columbus claims Cuba for Spain.
1511 - Spanish conquest begins under the leadership of Diego de Velazquez, who establishes Baracoa and other settlements.
1762 - Havana captured by a British force led by Admiral George Pocock and Lord Albemarle.
1763 - Havana returned to Spain by the Treaty of Paris.
1868-78- Ten Years War of independence ends in a truce with Spain promising reforms and greater
1886 - Slavery abolished.
1895-98 - Jose Marti leads a second war of independence; US declares war on Spain.
1898 - US defeats Spain, which gives up all claims to Cuba and cedes it to the US.
autonomy - prom
1959 - Castro leads a 9,000-strong guerrilla army into Havana, forcing Batista to flee. Castro becomes prime minister, his brother, Raul, becomes his deputy and Guevara becomes third in command.ises that were mostly never met.
1976 - Cuban Communist Party approves a new socialist constitution; Castro elected president.
1991 - Soviet military advisers leave Cuba following the collapse of the USSR.
2006 July - President Fidel Castro undergoes gastric surgery and temporarily hands over control of the government to his brother, Raul.
2008 February - Raul Castro takes over as president, days after Fidel announces his retirement.
2009 July - Cuba signs agreement with Russia allowing oil exploration in Cuban waters of Gulf of Mexico.
Sugarcane, Cuba's most vital crop and its largest export, is grown throughout the island, but mainly in the eastern half. But tobacco is also a substantial contributor to the economy. Though many other geographic places have tried to grow Cuban tobacco, they have never been able to replicate the unique qualities that make Cuban tobacco the best in the world. Corn, wheat, coffee, tabacoo, and medicine are also grown in Cuba.
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria All religions prior to Castro assuming power over Cuba. Cuba has traditionally been a Catholic country. After the communist revolution of 1959, Cuba restricted religious practice which led to persecution of many Catholics at universities and jobs. Today, the government recognizes the right of citizens to profess and practice any religious belief within the framework of respect for the law.
Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz became president of Cuba in February 2008, replacing his brother Fidel, who ruled the country for nearly a half century before resigning at the age of 81. Raúl had been his second in command and most trusted confidant.
After initially portraying himself as a reform-minded leader who intended to shake up Cuba’s staid bureaucracy, Mr. Castro achieved little in the way of major changes in his first year. But in 2010, hoping to resuscitate Cubas crippled economy, he opened the door to a new generation of entepreneurs after warning that the states inflated payrolls could end up jeoperdizing the very survival of the revolution.
The total area of Cuba is 42,803 sq miles. Cuba is the largest island in the West Indies group. It includes many small islands, islets, and cays. Havana is the capitol and the largest city in Cuba. Another one of the largest cities is Santiago de Cuba.
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