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Climate Smart Agriculture
Agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation) while enhancing the achievement of national food security and development goals.
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SHAMBA: Assessing Climate Change Mitigation in Agriculture in Malawi

SHAMBA: Assessing Climate Change Mitigation in Agriculture in Malawi | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
By Nicholas Berry, Researcher in the School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh This week marks the second week of the 38th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advic...
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Trees on-farm: removing the obstacles to enterprise - A review of current climate-smart tree-based experiences in Malawi - IIED Publications Database

Trees on-farm: removing the obstacles to enterprise - A review of current climate-smart tree-based experiences in Malawi - IIED Publications Database | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
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Does erosion represent landscape-level loss or gain of carbon stocks? | Agroforestry World Blog

Does erosion represent landscape-level loss or gain of carbon stocks? | Agroforestry World Blog | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
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New study finds African carbon projects can help poor famers | CGIAR Climate

New study finds African carbon projects can help poor famers | CGIAR Climate | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
In a newly released report from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and EcoAgricultural Partners, researchers found that while direct carbon payments to farmers have been low, projects successfully...
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Reports & Policy Briefs

Reports & Policy Briefs | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
The UNU-IAS Traditional Knowledge Initiative seeks to build greater understanding and facilitate awareness of traditional knowledge (TK) to inform action by indigenous peoples, local communities and domestic and international policy maker.
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Identifying opportunities for climate-smart agriculture investments in Africa

Identifying opportunities for climate-smart agriculture investments in Africa | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

The agriculture sector in Africa is being called on to increase food production to meet the food demand for a growing population. This formidable challenge will be further exacerbated by climate change which will have significant impacts on the various dimensions and determinants of food security. African policymakers are thus challenged to ensure that agriculture contributes to addressing food security, development and climate change. Through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) under the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) of the African Union (AU), a number of countries prepared National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (NAFSIPs) to provide opportunities to integrate the scaling up of practices that potentially benefit development, food security and climate change adaptation and mitigation into an existing continental and countryowned sustainable agriculture development framework. This paper proposes a methodology to examine the potential of existing NAFSIPs to generate climate change benefits. A rapid screening methodology is presented and applied to 14 NAFSIPs, all of which include agricultural development programmes/ sub-programmes that benefit both adaptation to slow-onset climatic change and extreme events, and climate change mitigation. On average, about 60 percent of the activities planned are expected to generate climate benefits in terms of slow-onset climate change, 18 percent adaptation to extreme events, and 19 percent climate change mitigation.

http://www.fao.org/docrep/015/i2640e/i2640e00.pdf

 

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Carbon trading uplifts livelihoods in rural Uganda | New Agriculturist

Carbon trading uplifts livelihoods in rural Uganda | New Agriculturist | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
Farming communities in seven districts of rural Uganda are countering the effects of climate change by planting trees to absorb carbon dioxide and restore the deforested environment.
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Climate-smart smallholder agriculture: What’s different?

There is a growing consensus that climate change is transforming the context for rural
development, changing physical and socio-economic landscapes and making
smallholder development more expensive. But there is less consensus on how
smallholder agriculture practices should change as a result. The question is often asked: what really is different about ‘climate-smart’ smallholder agriculture that goes beyond regular best practice in development? This article suggests three major changes

http://www.ifad.org/pub/op/3.pdf

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IUCN - Empowering local communities defends against climate change

IUCN - Empowering local communities defends against climate change | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
Durban, South Africa, 5 December 2011 (IUCN) — The world’s poorest people are on the frontlines of climate change, with everything to lose and little to cushion the blow of its far-reaching impacts.

http://www.careclimatechange.org/files/adaptation/ELAN_IntegratedApproach_150412.pdf

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New tool generates future weather data for crop and climate planning | CGIAR Climate

New tool generates future weather data for crop and climate planning | CGIAR Climate | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

In order to make the necessary decisions and investments for climate adaptation in agriculture, we need information about future weather conditions. The CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security has been improving on the MarkSimGCM stochastic weather generator tool, released last year. MarkSim GCM lets the user generate plausible weather data for future climates, using six climate models (or the ensemble average) and three greenhouse gas emission scenarios that were part of the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report. The tool is embedded in Google Earth and can also be used to generate daily data that are characteristic of current conditions, based on the WorldClim dataset, an interpolated surface of weather station data from around the world mostly covering the years 1960-1990.

http://www.ccafs-climate.org/pattern_scaling/

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The foundations of a climate-smart agriculture in Africa | CGIAR Climate

The foundations of a climate-smart agriculture in Africa | CGIAR Climate | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
Researchers from Winrock International tries to lay the ground for mitigation activities in West Africa and East Africa in one of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)' latest working papers.
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Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change - report from the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Cliimate Change

Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change - report from the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Cliimate Change | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

The Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change has reviewed the scientific evidence to identify a pathway to achieving food security in the context of climate change. Food systems must shift to better meet human needs and, in the long term, balance with planetary resources. This will demand major interventions, at local to global scales, to transform current patterns of food production, distribution and consumption. Investment, innovation, and deliberate effort to empower the world's most vulnerable populations will be required to construct a global food system that adapts to climate change and ensures food security while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions and sustaining our natural resource base.

http://ccafs.cgiar.org/sites/default/files/assets/docs/climate_food_commission-final-mar2012.pdf

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We've got the tools for Climate-Smart Agriculture | CGIAR Climate

We've got the tools for Climate-Smart Agriculture | CGIAR Climate | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
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rajeev.aaidu's comment, May 4, 2012 12:18 AM
Can i have a source where climate smart agriculture package and practises can be found in India.

Please link to any organization who is working on this in India.

Thank you
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Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook

Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

There has been a rapid uptake of the term Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) by the international community, national entities and local institutions, in the past years. However, implementing this approach is challenging, partly due to a lack of tools and experience. Climate-smart interventions are highly location-specific and knowledge-intensive. Considerable efforts are required to develop the knowledge and capacities to make CSA a reality.

The purpose of the sourcebook is to further elaborate the concept of CSA and demonstrate its potential, as well as its limitations. This sourcebook is a reference tool for planners, practitioners and policy makers working in agriculture, forestry and fisheries at national and subnational levels, dealing with the effects of climate change.

Nicholas Berry's insight:

http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3325e/i3325e.pdf

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Survey Finds East African Farmers Are Adopting New Climate-Mitigation Practices | Food Security Portal

Survey Finds East African Farmers Are Adopting New Climate-Mitigation Practices | Food Security Portal | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

One of the biggest challenges faced by smallholder farmers today is climate change, and the increasingly variable weather patterns that result from it. While farmers in some tropical regions may benefit from rising temperatures, the majority of the world's smallholders will face increased hardship as a result of warmer weather and uncertain rainfall. Future food security, particularly for developing countries, will depend on how populations react to and cope with the challenges presented by climate change. A new study by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) finds that in East Africa, smallholder farmers are starting to embrace the technologies and practices needed to adapt to a changing climate - but hunger and poverty present formidable stumbling blocks.

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Helping smallholder farmers mitigate climate change

Helping smallholder farmers mitigate climate change | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

Smallholder farmers can contribute significantly to climate change mitigation but will need incentives to adapt their practices. - Incentives from selling carbon credits are limited by low returns to farmers, high transaction costs, and the need for farmers to invest in mitigation activities long before they receive payments. - Improved food security, economic benefits and adaptation to climate change are more fundamental incentives that should accompany mitigation. - Designing agricultural investment and policy to provide up-front finance and longer term rewards for mitigation practices will help reach larger numbers of farmers than specialized mitigation interventions.

http://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/21730/CCAFS_Brief05_Finalamended%28web%29_LR.pdf?sequence=1

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African agriculture ‘Dirt Poor’ but will inorganic fertilizer make it rich? | Agroforestry World Blog

African agriculture ‘Dirt Poor’ but will inorganic fertilizer make it rich? | Agroforestry World Blog | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

The question is not, “should farmers use inorganic or organic fertilizer?” but rather, “How can farmers increase soil organic matter in a cost-effective way in order to recycle nutrients, increase fertilizer-use efficiency and establish the foundation for building and sustaining soil productivity in Africa?”

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Climate change and agriculture: can market governance mechanisms reduce emissions from the food system fairly and effectively? - IIED

Climate change and agriculture: can market governance mechanisms reduce emissions from the food system fairly and effectively? - IIED | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

Climate and agriculture are inextricably linked: the climate affects agricultural production and is itself affected by agricultural emissions. Agriculture is responsible for 30 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. How agriculture is practised therefore has significant potential for mitigating climate change, for providing food security and for improving the livelihoods of millions of food producers worldwide.

http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16512IIED.pdf?

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Agriculture and Climate Change: Post-Durban issues for negotiators

Agriculture and Climate Change: Post-Durban issues for negotiators | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

The inclusion of text on agriculture in the Outcome of the Work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) was an important outcome of the COP 17 in December 2011. This is the first time that agriculture has been “officially” recognized by the UNFCCC.

This paper examines the implications of the Durban Outcomes, and reviews party submissions on agriculture to the secretariat for consideration by SBSTA. It concludes by presenting critical issues that will need to be considered by negotiators in shaping a post-Durban programme of work on agriculture.

 

http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2012/agriculture_climate_change_durban.pdf

http://www.iisd.org/publications/pub.aspx?id=1604

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Launching the South Asia climate smart agriculture platform together with the President of Nepal | CGIAR Climate

Launching the South Asia climate smart agriculture platform together with the President of Nepal | CGIAR Climate | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) launched Climate Smart Agriculture Learning Platform (CSALP) for South Asia this April. The platform aims to encourage communication between policymakers, political leaders, researchers, farmers and civil society. It provides a collective platform for policy advocacy and facilitates development of Climate Smart Agriculture Knowledge Bank.

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DFID - Research for Development Policy Brief No. 43. Agriculture and climate change in the UN climate negotiations

DFID - Research for Development Policy Brief No. 43. Agriculture and climate change in the UN climate negotiations | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

Agriculture is both victim and villain in respect of climate change. Victim because most estimates indicate that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity, production stability and incomes in some areas that already have high levels of food insecurity. Villain because agriculture is a key source for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet agriculture may also be part of the climate change solution: there is a considerable, albeit uncertain, technical potential for carbon storage in soils, particularly in developing countries. This briefing paper aims to unscramble the various issues around agriculture which have become conflated in the climate negotiations and outline what is formally being sought in negotiation texts under the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) and assess whether this is a useful route, and what other courses might be possible.


Via CGIAR Climate
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What Climate Change Means for Farmers in Asia

What Climate Change Means for Farmers in Asia | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
What are the most important consequences that Indonesian and other Asian farmers face because of increasing climate variability and climate change? The first of two papers on climate and society in Asia.
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rajeev.aaidu's comment, May 4, 2012 12:15 AM
In India, I believe -
- the production of wheat is foreseen to fall by increases in every 1degree C.
- The increases in himalayan glaciers melt will surely affect the irrigation specially in indo-gangetic plains
- it is likely to have consequences on international food prices and trade and hence to our food security.
and many more with respect to pathogens, insect population which will surely result in yield and fertility loss....
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Climate-Smart Smallholders

Climate-Smart Smallholders | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
In order to build a global green economy, global leaders must recognize the linkages between climate change, the environment, and food security.
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African agriculture: Dirt poor

African agriculture: Dirt poor | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it

The key to tackling hunger in Africa is enriching its soil. The big debate is about how to do it.

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Food needs 'climate-smart' change

Food needs 'climate-smart' change | Climate Smart Agriculture | Scoop.it
Major changes are needed in agriculture and food consumption around the world if future generations are to be adequately fed, a major report warns.
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