Agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation) while enhancing the achievement of national food security and development goals.
In a newly released report from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and EcoAgricultural Partners, researchers found that while direct carbon payments to farmers have been low, projects successfully...
The UNU-IAS Traditional Knowledge Initiative seeks to build greater understanding and facilitate awareness of traditional knowledge (TK) to inform action by indigenous peoples, local communities and domestic and international policy maker.
The agriculture sector in Africa is being called on to increase food production to meet the food demand for a growing population. This formidable challenge will be further exacerbated by climate change which will have significant impacts on the various dimensions and determinants of food security. African policymakers are thus challenged to ensure that agriculture contributes to addressing food security, development and climate change. Through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) under the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) of the African Union (AU), a number of countries prepared National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (NAFSIPs) to provide opportunities to integrate the scaling up of practices that potentially benefit development, food security and climate change adaptation and mitigation into an existing continental and countryowned sustainable agriculture development framework. This paper proposes a methodology to examine the potential of existing NAFSIPs to generate climate change benefits. A rapid screening methodology is presented and applied to 14 NAFSIPs, all of which include agricultural development programmes/ sub-programmes that benefit both adaptation to slow-onset climatic change and extreme events, and climate change mitigation. On average, about 60 percent of the activities planned are expected to generate climate benefits in terms of slow-onset climate change, 18 percent adaptation to extreme events, and 19 percent climate change mitigation.
There is a growing consensus that climate change is transforming the context for rural development, changing physical and socio-economic landscapes and making smallholder development more expensive. But there is less consensus on how smallholder agriculture practices should change as a result. The question is often asked: what really is different about ‘climate-smart’ smallholder agriculture that goes beyond regular best practice in development? This article suggests three major changes
In order to make the necessary decisions and investments for climate adaptation in agriculture, we need information about future weather conditions. The CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security has been improving on the MarkSimGCM stochastic weather generator tool, released last year. MarkSim GCM lets the user generate plausible weather data for future climates, using six climate models (or the ensemble average) and three greenhouse gas emission scenarios that were part of the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report. The tool is embedded in Google Earth and can also be used to generate daily data that are characteristic of current conditions, based on the WorldClim dataset, an interpolated surface of weather station data from around the world mostly covering the years 1960-1990.
Researchers from Winrock International tries to lay the ground for mitigation activities in West Africa and East Africa in one of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)' latest working papers.
The Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change has reviewed the scientific evidence to identify a pathway to achieving food security in the context of climate change. Food systems must shift to better meet human needs and, in the long term, balance with planetary resources. This will demand major interventions, at local to global scales, to transform current patterns of food production, distribution and consumption. Investment, innovation, and deliberate effort to empower the world's most vulnerable populations will be required to construct a global food system that adapts to climate change and ensures food security while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions and sustaining our natural resource base.
There has been a rapid uptake of the term Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) by the international community, national entities and local institutions, in the past years. However, implementing this approach is challenging, partly due to a lack of tools and experience. Climate-smart interventions are highly location-specific and knowledge-intensive. Considerable efforts are required to develop the knowledge and capacities to make CSA a reality.
The purpose of the sourcebook is to further elaborate the concept of CSA and demonstrate its potential, as well as its limitations. This sourcebook is a reference tool for planners, practitioners and policy makers working in agriculture, forestry and fisheries at national and subnational levels, dealing with the effects of climate change.
One of the biggest challenges faced by smallholder farmers today is climate change, and the increasingly variable weather patterns that result from it. While farmers in some tropical regions may benefit from rising temperatures, the majority of the world's smallholders will face increased hardship as a result of warmer weather and uncertain rainfall. Future food security, particularly for developing countries, will depend on how populations react to and cope with the challenges presented by climate change. A new study by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) finds that in East Africa, smallholder farmers are starting to embrace the technologies and practices needed to adapt to a changing climate - but hunger and poverty present formidable stumbling blocks.
Smallholder farmers can contribute significantly to climate change mitigation but will need incentives to adapt their practices. - Incentives from selling carbon credits are limited by low returns to farmers, high transaction costs, and the need for farmers to invest in mitigation activities long before they receive payments. - Improved food security, economic benefits and adaptation to climate change are more fundamental incentives that should accompany mitigation. - Designing agricultural investment and policy to provide up-front finance and longer term rewards for mitigation practices will help reach larger numbers of farmers than specialized mitigation interventions.
The question is not, “should farmers use inorganic or organic fertilizer?” but rather, “How can farmers increase soil organic matter in a cost-effective way in order to recycle nutrients, increase fertilizer-use efficiency and establish the foundation for building and sustaining soil productivity in Africa?”
Climate and agriculture are inextricably linked: the climate affects agricultural production and is itself affected by agricultural emissions. Agriculture is responsible for 30 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. How agriculture is practised therefore has significant potential for mitigating climate change, for providing food security and for improving the livelihoods of millions of food producers worldwide.
The inclusion of text on agriculture in the Outcome of the Work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) was an important outcome of the COP 17 in December 2011. This is the first time that agriculture has been “officially” recognized by the UNFCCC.
This paper examines the implications of the Durban Outcomes, and reviews party submissions on agriculture to the secretariat for consideration by SBSTA. It concludes by presenting critical issues that will need to be considered by negotiators in shaping a post-Durban programme of work on agriculture.
CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) launched Climate Smart Agriculture Learning Platform (CSALP) for South Asia this April. The platform aims to encourage communication between policymakers, political leaders, researchers, farmers and civil society. It provides a collective platform for policy advocacy and facilitates development of Climate Smart Agriculture Knowledge Bank.
Agriculture is both victim and villain in respect of climate change. Victim because most estimates indicate that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity, production stability and incomes in some areas that already have high levels of food insecurity. Villain because agriculture is a key source for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet agriculture may also be part of the climate change solution: there is a considerable, albeit uncertain, technical potential for carbon storage in soils, particularly in developing countries. This briefing paper aims to unscramble the various issues around agriculture which have become conflated in the climate negotiations and outline what is formally being sought in negotiation texts under the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) and assess whether this is a useful route, and what other courses might be possible.
What are the most important consequences that Indonesian and other Asian farmers face because of increasing climate variability and climate change? The first of two papers on climate and society in Asia.