cross pond high tech
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light views on high tech in both Europe and US
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"Security is a tax on the honests" - Time to review Bruce Schneier USI 2013 keynote

Society doesn't work without trust

Human being is the only species with trust. We trust hundreds of strangers without even thinking about it.

 

How do we enable trust?

 

How does security enable trust. How do we induce trust?

  • Trusting friends is about who they are as persons.
  • Trusting strangers is about their actions

 

Trust: confidence, consistence, compliancy. It's about cooperation.

  • We trust people, companies and systems
  • We trust systems to produce expected behaviors

 

All complex ecosystems require cooperation. In any cooperative system, there is a way to subvert the system for personal interests.

 

These are called defectors in game theory. They are parasites. They can survive if they are contained. If too many parasites the body dies and the parasites die too.

 

Society doesn't work if everybody steals. Security can be defined as a tax on the honests.

 

Social species: individual competition plus group competition.

 

Security is to keep defection level at an acceptable minimum that is not zero.

 

NSA defector Edward Snowden raises moral debates but the point is that he is a defector. How group enforce the norm. Even mafia groups.

It is about societal pressure.

 

4 types of societal pressure

 

  1. moral: we don't steal because we know stealing is wrong.
  2. reputation: also in our heads but link to other's reactions. Humans are the only species to transmit reputation.
    Experiment: coffee machine + honesty box. Putting a photograph of a pair of eyes in the box bottom decreased the cheat rate dramatically
  3. laws: formalizing reputation, and focusing only on penalties (because of the cost implied by rewarding the majority of honest people). With exceptions in the shape of tax breaks
  4. technology: security systems. Door locks, alarms, ... Some of them extending globally. ATM cards are protected globally.

 

Example: eBay feedback mechanism is a reputational security system that worked remarkably for years as the main security system.

 

How does technology affects us?

Technology is what allows society to scale. It is neutral.

Filesharing: social pressure vs technology

Attackers have a first mover advantage and are more adaptive.

 

Mid 90's Internet going commercial: hackers used it immediately while it took 10 years to the police to figure out how to address it

Such delay is the main security gap

 

Our society is at a point where technology is faster than social changes which means that the security gap widens.

Before: buy this and you'll be safe

Now: when you've been attacked, please talk to us and we'll help

 

It's the antivirus history

Smart paradigm: detect unknown viruses including false positives

Stupid paradigm: check for signatures and update once or twice a day

 

The stupid paradigm seems to have won.

 

So technology will always favor defectors? True, but large organizations can now use technology in a much more effective manner.

Our society has the most technology and the largest institutions.

 

The battle is amplifying between agile defectors and slower yet more effective institutions. Losers are those of us in the middle.

 

To him it is not even clear how there is a balance nor how it will evolve.

 

As a conclusion

 

  1. there will always be defectors
  2. ourselves are not 100% cooperative, we all defect some time in a way
  3. law of diminishing returns
  4. there are good and bad defectors and history decided afterwards. That will be the case for Edward Snowden
  5. society need defectors. This is how we evolve. Defectors are at the forefront of social change: freeing the slaves, giving women voting rights

 

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Digiworld Summit 2016 is on "The Digital Trust Economy" - Time to remember Bruce Schneier's remarkable words of wisdom at USI 3 years ago - I have added my on the fly notes to the video link for those who prefer reading

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Philippe J DEWOST's curator insight, November 15, 2016 2:01 AM

Digiworld Summit 2016 is on "The Digital Trust Economy" - Time to remember Bruce Schneier's remarkable words of wisdom at USI 3 years ago - I have added my on the fly notes to the video link for those who prefer reading

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Aquila's First Flight

The internet provides information, opportunity and human connection, yet less than half the world has access. We’re proud to announce the successful first test flight of Aquila, the solar airplane we designed to bring internet access to people living in remote locations. This innovative plane has the wingspan of an airliner but weighs less than a small car and flies on roughly the power of three blow dryers

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Solar Impulse, meet AI. Facebook's Aquila looks extremely promising and progressing quite fast. Besides, it confirms how serious its Building 8 Division is about leveraging and reinventing hardware to close the loop with software and services.

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Happy 15th Birthday to VLC/VideoLan !

Happy 15th Birthday to VLC/VideoLan ! | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Technically, today is the 15th anniversary of the relicensing of all the VideoLAN software to the GPL license, as agreed by the École Centrale Paris, on February 1st, 2001.

If you've been to one of my talks, (if you haven't, you should come to one), you know that the project that became VideoLAN and VLC, is almost 5 years older than that, and was called Network 2000.

Moreover, the first commit on the VideoLAN Client project is from August 8th 1999, by Michel Kaempf had 21275 lines of code already, so the VLC software was started earlier in 1999.

However, the most important date for the birth of VLC is when it was allowed to be used outside of the school, and therefore when the project was GPL-ized: February 1st, 2001.

Facts and numbersSince then, only on VLC, we've had around

  • 700 contributors,
  • 70000 commits,
  • at least 2 billion downloads,
  • hundreds of millions users!

 

And all that, mostly with volunteers and without turning into a business!

 

We have now ports for Windows, GNU/Linux, BSD, OS X, iPhone and iPad, Android, Solaris, Windows Phones, BeOS, OS/2, Android TV, Apple TV, Tizen and ChromeOS.

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Philippe J DEWOST's curator insight, February 2, 2016 9:41 AM

Amazing achievement by Jean-Baptiste Kempf & l'équipe de @videolan !

SKKBDMS Tech Media's curator insight, February 2, 2016 11:53 AM

Iskcon store http://krishnstore.com

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Dans le cerveau du CIO #USI2015

Pastiche de Vice-Versa présenté à l'USI 2015

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Hilarant et très très bien vu ! Toute ressemblance avec des personnages existants...

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Google's Nest Is Buying Wi-Fi Camera Company Dropcam For $555 Million

Google's Nest Is Buying Wi-Fi Camera Company Dropcam For $555 Million | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

The company's cameras are used primarily for home monitoring. Its two most popular cameras sell for $199 and $149.

In addition to its hardware business, Dropcam also sells cloud storage for its videos. Last year the company said 39% of its customers pay for the video storage service.

Dropcam will probably look to Nest's success in the "Internet of Things" space for guidance. It plans to move beyond video surveillance and hopes to incorporate movement sensors into its products, according to The Wall Street Journal.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

When a Data company buys another Data Pump through an IoT subsidiary. At Amazon Summit 2014 in Paris, the above chart was unveiled (courtesy Geoffrey Arduini) claiming that Dropcam is generating more video uploads than YouTube.

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Mind blowing interview of McLaren's Ron Dennis about the impact of Big Data on motor racing

Ron Dennis of McLaren in conversation with David Rowan, editor of Wired, in conversation at the G8 Innovation Conference on 14 June 2013 at the Crystal in London

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

6 months after, I'm still looking at this talk as one of the most inspiring features of the G8 Innovation Conference I was invited at by UKTI and McKinsey last year. I have suggested this video to business friends many times over the past weeks and it is one of the very few YouTube pieces that I actually have viewed more than once.

 

Key points :

- Motor racing is unique: the second is the unit, a 1% window between success and failure.

- A Formula 1 has 100 sensors 6.5 Billion data points over a Grand Prix. A race team is run from HQ where 3000 race patterns are analysed against the current car's parameters.

- McLaren spends between 100-200 M£ in their data analysis and processing systems.

- In racing there is no error and control. Massive fast development of components. Simulation reversed R&D: now they have 90% productivity instead of 10%. "Basically we make nothing that does not work"

- Electric motor coupled to very sophisticated control system allow for absolutely linear torque

- One last thing : Graphene is the next big thing

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Soft landing : amazing video of SpaceX Grasshopper 325m Test shot from Hexacopter

Soft landing : amazing video of SpaceX Grasshopper 325m Test  shot from Hexacopter | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it
On June 14, SpaceX's Grasshopper flew 325 m (1066 feet)--higher than Manhattan's Chrysler Building--before smoothly landing back on the pad.
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:
Most amazing fact, beyond the tech performance, is that this project is run by the same entrepreneur who leads Tesla Motors...
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Open-source media player VLC tops a billion downloads

Open-source media player VLC tops a billion downloads | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it
Open-source staple VLC has reached over a billion downloads, the VideoLAN Organization announced Sunday.
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Hello Tomorrow 2016 : #HTSummit in a 3 min Quik video

Hello Tomorrow 2016 : #HTSummit in a 3 min Quik video | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

The Hello Tomorrow Global Summit gathered international leaders in the science-innovation sphere on October 13-14 at the CENTQUATRE in Paris, France. With nearly 3,000 participants, the summit featured a unique blend of amicable atmosphere and deep technologies such as new materials, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence and more.

 

Leaders from around the world, including executives, (corporate) investors, science entrepreneurs, and startups were there to transform the way we eat, work, travel, cure, manufacture and communicate. There was a wide range of keynotes, panels, AMAs, and breakout sessions, including the following highlights:

  • Powering music with technology, opening performance by Imogen Heap
  • Hello Tomorrow Challenge startup pitches by 69 finalists across two days
  • When innovation fuels the economy, exclusive panel with Michael Bloomberg (CEO of Bloomberg) and Emmanuel Macron(Former French Minister of Economy)

 

Hello Tomorrow had partnered with major private and public entities to define the scope of this international competition, including the principal partner, BNP Paribas with L’Atelier BNP Paribas, and the Boston Consulting Group, Bloomberg, and La French Tech as global partners.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Last week's Hello Tomorrow delivered on its promise and I spent 2 fascinating and energizing days in Le 104 thanks to Xavier Duportet and his incredible team. Here is my take on this incredibly valuable conference, assembled on my iPhone with Quik (formerly known as Stupeflix) : DNA, SpaceTech, and cars...

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Big4Start, quand les Grands Groupes planchent devant les startups - le replay sur Plussh

Voici, en replay, via le service de streaming live de Plush, startup Montpelliéraine, la série des reverse pitchs des grands groupes donnés hier après-midi dans le cadre de ‪#‎Big4Start‬ . L'intervention du Groupe Caisse Des Dépôts, qui représentait les besoins d'ICADE et de Transdev, démarre à 59 min.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Le reverse pitching monte en puissance avec la deuxième édition du rendez-vous Big up 4 startup, organisé par la French Tech Montpellier et le cluster régional FrenchSouth Digital. Après avoir réuni en 2015 lors de sa première édition huit grands groupes et 150 start-up régionales, dont les rencontres ont abouti à une quinzaine de contrats, le rendez-vous passe la seconde. En 2016, ce sont quatorze groupes (dont Cisco, Société Générale, Caisse des Dépôts, Orange, La Poste, EDF, Engie et Midi Libre) qui devraient accueillir une soixantaine de jeunes pousses.

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From Competition to Cooperation by Primavera De Filippi @ TEDxCambridge

The animal kingdom contains numerous examples of individuals cooperating with one another to achieve impressive outcomes without the need for planning, control, or even direct communication between agents – examples are bees, ants, and schools of fish. Humans, however, have only been able to achieve goals cooperatively through the imposition of organizational hierarchies, centralized coordination, and rules.

 

Blockchain technologies offer a new approach, allowing us to achieve large-scale and systematic cooperation in an entirely distributed and decentralized manner. The application of this technology, however, has mostly focused on transaction-driven financial models like Bitcoin, but the Blockchain’s ability to transact and cooperate on a peer-to-peer basis, without relying on any centralized authority or middlemen, has many other applications. The Blockchain offers a new governance model with implications well beyond financial markets.

Primavera De Filippi is a permanent researcher at the National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS) in Paris. She is currently a research fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, where she’s investigating the concept of governance-by-design as it relates to distributed online architectures. Most of her research focuses on the legal challenges raised, and faced by emergent decentralized technologies – such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and other blockchain-based applications – and how these technologies could be used to design new governance models capable of supporting large-scale decentralized collaboration and more participatory decision-making.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Must see enjoyable and remarkable TEDx talk with a nice approach to the blockchain topic.

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1 an de French Tech en faits, chiffres et images

Animation retraçant le bilan 2014 de l'Initiative French Tech, projetée lors des voeux à la French Tech d'Axelle Lemaire et Emmanuel Macron à Bercy le 29 janvier 2015.
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

#FrenchTechIsComing avec des faits, des chiffres, et de premiers résultats.

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Interview Ineva & Partners: le PIA et le FSN en 5 min chrono

“La vraie limite c'est le talent, et du talent on en a dans tout le pays !”

Philippe Dewost, Directeur adjoint de la mission Programme d'Investissements d'Avenir, en charge de l'économie numérique, Groupe Caisse des Dépôts.

  
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

self promotion, avec une pépite à la toute fin de l'interview ...

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Robot Revolution, will machines surpass humans? Fascinating NHK video

Robot Revolution, will machines surpass humans? Fascinating NHK video | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

A fascinating 40 minutes documentary which aired on NHK Saturday May 4th 2013. Titled Robot Revolution: Will machines surpass humans?  Features Honda Asimov, Hubo, Big Dog from Boston Dynamics, Baxter from Rethink Robotics, Nextage and other Humanoids.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Looks like the book is worth a read too.

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Keynote Fujitsu IT Future 2013

Keynote Fujitsu IT Future 2013 | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Voici l'intervention que j'ai effectuée le 23 Avril 2013 pour inaugurer la journée "IT Future 2013" organisée par Fujitsu à Paris.

 

Présentation Slideshare également disponible

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