Post-secondary education won’t close the income gap according to a new economic analysis
Summary from Academica Top Ten - Tuesday 30 June 2015
Education may actually increase income inequality, study says
“Education and training policy is not a silver bullet for solving inequality,” according to a new study of Canadian economic data. The forces behind rising income inequality in Canada, the authors argue, cannot be offset just by increasing the level of education. University benefits, for instance, skew toward middle- and upper-income households, and as such may increase inequality. Furthermore, an increased focus on college and apprenticeship programs may not help, unless low female participation rates and low completion rates are addressed. The study, to be published in Income Inequality: The Canadian Story, is based on analysis of census and labour force data from 1981 to 2013."
World Health Organisation hails ‘one of the greatest public health achievements possible’, five years into regional initiative
"Globally, more than 35 million adults and children are living with HIV but the infection rate has slowed significantly, with 2.1 million becoming HIV positive in 2013, down from 2.9 million in 2005, according to UNAids data.
Scientists have said eradicating Aids is feasible if HIV prevention continues to grow, even if there is no cure. The reduction in infection rates in Cuba is seen as a major breakthrough in the campaign to rid the world of the virus.
Incidence of syphilis transmission is close behind with 1 million pregnant woman worldwide infected. This can be eliminated with simple treatments such as penicillin during pregnancy.
In 2013, only two babies were born with HIV in Cuba, and only five born with congenital syphilis.
According to the WHO, the number of children born every year with HIV has almost halved since 2009, to 240,000 in 2013."
The World Health Organization credited Cuba with offering women early access to prenatal care, HIV and syphilis testing, and treatment for mothers who test positive
"HAVANA, June 30 (Reuters) - The World Health Organization on Tuesday declared Cuba the first country in the world to eliminate the transmission of HIV and syphilis from mother to child.
The WHO said in a statement that an international delegation that it and the Pan American Health Organization sent to Cuba in March determined the country met the criteria for the designation. In 2013, only two children in Cuba were born with HIV and five with syphilis, the statement said.
"Cuba's success demonstrates that universal access and universal health coverage are feasible and indeed are the key to success, even against challenges as daunting as HIV," PAHO Director Carissa Etienne said in the statement."
People see that social intelligence and computer knowledge as more important than a four-year degree in preparing for the workplace, according to a new poll.
Summary from Academica Top Ten - 25 June 2015
Survey finds Americans value skills over degrees
According to a recent US poll, Americans both old and young no longer believe that you need a college degree to be successful. Instead, respondents indicated that technological competence, interpersonal skills, and networking connections matter more to them than credentials. The poll divided respondents into a younger cohort that identified themselves as just getting started in career life and an older cohort that identified themselves as being established in their careers. Only 55% of the younger cohort and 53% of the older felt that a university education was “very important” to a good career.
More than 50 percent of academic papers published are owned by five major publishers.
Summary from Academica Top Ten - 23 June 2015
Will the web save or kill academic journals?
In an interview with Wired Magazine, Vincent Larivière, of the University of Montreal’s School of Library and Information Science, has expanded on the results of his study on scientific publishing, released earlier this month. Remarking on the apparent paradox between the rise of the Internet and publisher consolidation, he noted that “what prevailed is indeed the commercial publishing model and not the independent publishing model.” Larivière is ultimately unsure about the future, noting the rise of several open journals such as PLOS One, while admitting that the open source model of journal publication is not for everyone.
The president of Universities Canada is “disregarding the realities” of today’s student by referring to the tuition levels young people are facing as not being an “insurmountable barrier,” says one student advocate.
Summary from Academica Top Ten - Tuesday 23 June, 2015
Many people overestimate cost of an education based on sticker price, Universities Canada president says
In a recent speech before the Halifax Chamber of Commerce, Universities Canada President Paul Davidson said that many people are “too fixated on the price tag” of postsecondary education. Davidson said that many calls for lower tuition neglect the broad range of scholarships, bursaries, and other financial aid options that can help offset the cost of an education. “Tuition is not an insurmountable barrier,” he said. “Our studies and other studies show that people overestimate the cost of higher education and underestimate the earning premium that they will achieve as the result of attending a university.” Some students took exception to Davidson’s remark; Michaela Sam, Chair of the Canadian Federation of Students-Nova Scotia, said that the comment “disregards the reality that students face today.”
Sam is right that Davidson "disregards the reality that students face today." Davidson's comment regarding "the earning premium that they will achieve as a result of attending a university" also disregards the unemployment and low paying jobs graduates are facing on their side of the track.
“Personalized learning” is a marketing term. A more accurate term of art would be “technology-assisted differentiated instruction.” It turns out that, in cases where students in a class come in with wildly different starting knowledge and skill levels, just teaching to the group doesn’t work, even if the group is pretty small."
"Is “personalized learning” the “future of education”? We think that’s the wrong question, and it’s not one we try to answer. In fact, anyone who asks that question either doesn’t understand education or is just trying to sell you something. We’re more interested in what thoughtful teachers and students are trying and learning about within the family of approaches that has been lumped under the marketing term “personalized learning” as they try to help the students in their local contexts improve their lives."
On Thursday night, The Daily Show’s Jon Stewart – perhaps the closest thing there is to the voice of liberal white America’s collective conscience – unqualifiedly declared the shooting an act of terrorism and skewered “the disparity of response between when we think people that are foreign are going to kill us and us killing ourselves.” Stewart is right, of course: if Roof had brown skin and a Muslim-sounding name, there would be no national conversation about just what to call the Charleston shootings.
June 19, 2015 Learning is , as educational philosopher Maxin Green argues, the hope that lights up the other end of the tunnel. Through learning, we get to discover and better understand our inner worlds as well as the world around us. As a life-long journey, learning is an eternal endeavour, a passion that lives with us from cradle to grave.
The 3 TED talks we selected for you today sheds more light on the power of life long learning and its transformative impact on our lives and the lives of those around us. We invite you to give them a watch and share with us what you think of them. Enjoy
1- The life-long learner by Ben Dunlap
2- Essentials for Lifelong Learning Danny Stillion
2- Essentials for Lifelong Learning Danny Stillion
Extensive training is the basis for giving teachers the autonomy to work the way they want. The result is a highly prized profession and an education system always near the top in international rankings
The writer and activist spoke to the Toronto Police Services Board today. His outspokenness about this police practice, of stopping individuals and demanding identification, prompted the city to consider banning carding
ABOUT MELONIE FULLICKMelonie Fullick is a PhD candidate at York University. The topic of her dissertation is Canadian post-secondary education policy and its effects on the institutional environment in universities.
Summary from Academica Top Ten - Wednesday 17 January, 2015:
Academic fraud a result of “underlying dysfunction”
After numerous irregularities were discovered, Science retracted a study by Michael LaCour that purported to show that a brief conversation with a canvasser had a lasting impact on a voter’s views on marriage equality. New York Magazine has described it as “one of the biggest scientific frauds in recent memory.” This scandal, writes Melonie Fullick in University Affairs, should not be viewed as a one-off, but as the product of a dysfunctional system in which “only one particular, narrow version of ‘best’ is noted and rewarded.” “We can’t complain about high-profile cases like this without also engaging in some critical reflection on the system in which such incidents can happen," Fullick writes.
Providing pregnant mothers with antiretroviral medicines can reduce the risk of HIV transmission from 45 percent to just one percent, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Credit: Jeffrey Moyo/IPS
"A major, intense discussion has erupted over the issue of forgiveness in light of the killings at the AME Emanuel Church in Charleston, USA, and the dramatic forgiveness by family members of the victims."
What truly makes an education valuable: the effort the student puts into it.
By Hunter Rawlings June 9
Hunter Rawlings is president of the Association of American Universities and a former president of Cornell University and the University of Iowa.
Summary from Academica Top Ten - 24 June 2015
College is not a commodity, writes AAU president
Hunter Rawlings, President of the Association of American Universities (AAU), writes in The Washington Post that it makes little sense to speak of PSE as a typical commodity. Rawlings argues that its value is determined instead by the efforts of individual students, meaning “the courses the student decides to take (and not take), the amount of work the student does, the intellectual curiosity the student exhibits, her participation in class, [and] his focus and determination.” For Rawlings, the biggest threat is the notion that education can simply be purchased, making students more likely to become upset when faced with difficult tasks or challenging ways of thinking.
Some have said the millennial generation want it all without having to work for it. But that perception is at odds with the latest research.
Summary from Academica Top Ten - 23 June 2015
Millennials not as entitled as some may think, UBC study finds
A recent study from UBC finds that millennials (people born between the early 1980s and 2000s) might not warrant the “entitlement generation” label that many have applied to them. The study found that governments currently spend three times as much on a retiree as they do on someone under 45. Paul Kershaw of the School of Population and Public Health at UBC said of this discrepancy, “I think that’s one of the places where actually we need younger Canadians to feel more entitled. More entitled to have a world of politics that works for them simultaneously while it works for others, including the people that they love, like their parents and grandparents.” Kershaw also noted that according to existing polls, millennials value money and wealth much less than those over 45, citing fulfillment and making a difference as their highest priorities.
Comments from The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 21, 2015 by Jeffrey R. Young
"An education blog whose authors believe there’s too much hype around “personalized learning” technology has posted a series of video case studies about the trend, hoping to help get beyond overheated rhetoric.
The result is an unusual look at five colleges trying high-tech classroom experiments and wrestling with how new teaching methods change the role of students and teachers.
The videos were produced by the education-technology blog e-Literate, with the support of a $350,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The case studies, divided into short segments covering different topics, together resemble a MOOC. That’s no accident, says Michael Feldstein, founder of the blog and a host of the videos, who hopes that some teaching-with-technology centers will use the videos in their professional-development workshops.
He wants videos to provide more nuance than can be found in several recent popular books about the future of education. “It’s just hard to convey a visceral sense of what’s going on in the day-to-day educational lives of teachers and students with the written word,” he said in a post about the videos.
Most projects featured in the videos are also supported by the Gates Foundation, but in an interview, Mr. Feldstein said the foundation had given him and the other host, Phil Hill, editorial independence. “We told them that if we decide that this personalized-learning software doesn’t work, that’s what we’re going to publish,” he said. “We look at what’s working and what’s not.” In addition to their blog, Mr. Feldstein and Mr. Hill run an education-consulting firm called MindWires Consulting."
"Julian Assange was instrumental in arranging Snowden’s great escape from the US to Russia. The pluck of WikiLeaks meanwhile keeps its founder in the world’s headlines. So does ongoing media coverage of his legal fight against confinement and extradition. Detention hasn’t damaged his reputation for daring, or shattered his will.
He reads much more than before. And he’s eager to engage with big and challenging ideas, and to come up with his own, as I soon discover when we sit down at a small table to run through themes raised in his new book, When Google Met WikiLeaks.
“Google pretends it isn’t a company,” says Assange. “The world’s biggest and most dynamic media conglomerate portrays itself as playful and humane. But Google is not what it seems. It’s a deeply political operation. We must pay attention to how it operates, and prepare to defend ourselves against its seductive powers of surveillance and control.”"
Nearly one in five university students deliberately curb how much they eat before going out drinking, suggests a new Canadian study that offers more evidence of the so-called “drunkorexia” phenomenon on campus.
The behaviour is not — as sometimes portrayed in the past — just about young women trying to control their weight while binging on alcohol, the research indicates.
Almost as many male as female students restrict their food intake before hitting the bottle, and the motivations include both calorie watching and simply wanting to get drunk faster, the study of 3,400 undergraduates concluded.
Regardless, experts say the behaviour is concerning, not least because it could hasten the risks of over-drinking — from impaired driving to unprotected sex, physical injury and sexual assault."
Summary from Academica Top Ten - Wednesday, 17 June 2015:
Study shows nearly one-fifth of Canadian students restrict food intake before drinking
A new study of 3,400 first-year psychology students shows that close to one in five reduce their food intake before going out drinking. The study, led by York University PhD student Kaley Roosen, is the first Canadian study of this scale to explore this issue after the phenomenon was identified among US college students five years ago. 30% of students surveyed said that they ate more before drinking to stave off a hangover, while 18% said they ate less. Some even said they went without food for an entire day. A subsequent, related study of 226 female students found that those who ate less to get drunk faster also showed signs of depression or dependency problems; those who ate less for weight reasons scored higher for symptoms of eating disorders.
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