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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
I am interested in this post and post on critical thinking. Is critical thinking a skill?  Can one teach critical thinking? Stephen has delivered the course on Critical Literacies MOOC in the past....

 

Robert H. Ennis, Author of The Cornell Critical Thinking Tests
“Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe and do.”

 

Assuming that critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do, a critical thinker:

 

1. Is open-minded and mindful of alternatives
2. Tries to be well-informed
3. Judges well the credibility of sources
4. Identifies conclusions, reasons, and assumptions
5. Judges well the quality of an argument, including the acceptability of its reasons, assumptions, and evidence
6. Can well develop and defend a reasonable position
7. Asks appropriate clarifying questions
8. Formulates plausible hypotheses; plans experiments well
9. Defines terms in a way appropriate for the context
10. Draws conclusions when warranted, but with caution
11. Integrates all items in this list when deciding what to believe or do

 

What are the principles of critical thinking?

 

- Knowledge is acquired only through thinking, reasoning, and questioning. Knowledge is based on facts.


- It is only from learning how to think that you learn what to think.


- Critical thinking is an organized and systematic process used to judge the effectiveness of an argument.


- Critical thinking is a search for meaning.


- Critical thinking is a skill that can be learned.


- Do the above principles hold true and won’t change from one domain to the next?

 

Read more, very interesting:

http://suifaijohnmak.wordpress.com/2012/09/16/critical-thinking-2/

 


Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Gust MEES
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Diane Darling's curator insight, July 1, 8:42 AM

Definitely a skill to master!

Chris Carter's curator insight, July 1, 9:53 PM

Both nature and nurture is my experience, in that nature provides the potential but the skill remains under-developed without nurturing. 

Linda Buckmaster's curator insight, July 4, 11:54 PM

An interesting post on critical thinking.  The post debates whether critical thinking is a skill or whether it can be taught.....also contains a couple of videos.

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Critical and creative thinking
What are the skills that students need to be 21st century learners?
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lostejemedios

lostejemedios | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
lostejemedios on Livestream. Tejiendo nuestros medios - Watch live streaming Internet TV. Broadcast your own live streaming videos, like lostejemedios in Widescreen HD. Livestream, Be There.
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Give All Your Students a Foundation in Research and Critical Thinking

Give All Your Students a Foundation in Research and Critical Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
EasyBib: Give All Your Students a Foundation in Research and Critical Thinking http://t.co/8ZBFtpkY2G #nctechat … http://t.co/9BsDoPC45i
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Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms

"Take a look at this comprehensive glossary of Critical Thinking terms to learn the basics"


Via Stefano KaliFire, Travis White
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The 5 Resources Framework - The 5 Resources Model of Critical Digital Literacy

The 5 Resources Framework - The 5 Resources Model of Critical Digital Literacy | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
WP5 output site: curriculum

Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Deborah Arnold
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vgpascal's curator insight, October 6, 2013 3:05 AM

idée ressource pour les compétences clés de type numérique.

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Kathy Schrock: 6 Apps That Target Higher-Order Thinking Skills -- THE Journal

Kathy Schrock: 6 Apps That Target Higher-Order Thinking Skills -- THE Journal | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
A higher-order thinker is a critical thinker. What are the attributes of a critical thinker? In The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools, Richard Paul and Linda Elder describe a well-cultivated critical thinker as someone who:
raises vital questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely;gathers and assesses relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret it effectively; comes to well-reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards;thinks open-mindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing their assumptions, implications and practical consequences as need be; andcommunicates effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems.

Via Dennis T OConnor, Deborah Arnold
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Nancy Jones's curator insight, May 25, 11:06 AM

I like the breakdown presented in this article as well as the emphasis on using apps as critical thinking tools, not just creation tools.

Lauren Nazzaro's curator insight, May 29, 9:15 AM

Great, specific, assessment driven examples.

cherimacleod's curator insight, May 31, 1:05 AM

Kathy Schrock knows thinking and technology ....right on, as always!

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10 Essential Skills for The 21st Century Worker/ Learner

10 Essential Skills for The 21st Century Worker/ Learner | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
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CriticalThinking.org - Critical Thinking Model 1

CriticalThinking.org - Critical Thinking Model 1 | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

Interactive illustrating the critical thinking model of Paul and Elder ("elements of thought")


Via Deborah Arnold
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María Dolores Díaz Noguera's curator insight, May 8, 1:23 PM

Modelo de pensamiento crítico...CriticalThinking.org - Critical Thinking Model 1 | @scoopit via @DebJArnold http://sco.lt/...

Miles McGeehan's curator insight, May 9, 12:20 AM

Nice interactive effect with the mouse over.

Dr. Deborah Brennan's curator insight, May 23, 6:25 PM

Great tool for teachers.  We must make students aware of their thinking processes so they can use them strategically and develop them fully

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Ten Disciplines of a Learner: Learning vs Mastery

Ten Disciplines of a Learner: Learning vs Mastery | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

Ten Disciplines of a Learner
We decided to continue the conversation on this topic at a faculty meeting. Several meetings later we had a new report card. We decided to give two grades and average them—one for “Learning,” the other for “Mastery.”

Sara might get an “F” in mastery and an “A” in learning, culminating in a “C” for the course. To be rigorous we picked ten observable behaviors and named them “Disciplines of a Learner:”

1.     Asks questions

2.     Builds on other people’s ideas

3.     Uses mistakes as learning opportunities

4.     Takes criticism constructively

5.     Speaks up

6.     Welcomes a challenge

7.     Takes risks

8.     Listens with an openness to change

9.     Perseveres in tasks

10.   Decides when to lead and when to follow.


Learn more:


http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?tag=Criticism



Via Gust MEES
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Nancy Jones's curator insight, March 21, 9:57 AM

Love this examination of 'Disciplines of a Learner" that clearly distinguishes between master and learning. I think we should demonstrate greater value to the lifelong skill of learning .

Carv Wilson's curator insight, March 21, 10:01 AM

Like the questions.

 

Elaine J Roberts, Ph.D.'s curator insight, March 22, 2:07 PM

Whether in school or the work place, we talk about measurable goals and objectives but most of us struggle to define how those goals or objectives might be measured. Now that's often because the goals and objectives aren't actually measurable, but it's mostly because we don't think through what we're actually asking students or employees to accomplish.  For students, success and progress can be measured when they see "that [their] learning, not [their] intelligence" matters. For  employees, success and progress can be measured in much the same way.

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The Question Game: A Playful Way To Teach Critical Thinking

The Question Game: A Playful Way To Teach Critical Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
The Question Game: A Playful Way To Teach Critical Thinking

Via Grant Montgomery
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The Secret to Raising Smart Kids ~ Scientific American MIND

The Secret to Raising Smart Kids ~ Scientific American MIND | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

by Carol Dweck

 

"Many people assume that superior intelligence or ability is a key to success. But more than three decades of research shows that an overemphasis on intellect or talent—and the implication that such traits are innate and fixed—leaves people vulnerable to failure, fearful of challenges and unmotivated to learn.

 

"Teaching people to have a “growth mind-set,” which encourages a focus on “process” rather than on intelligence or talent, produces high achievers in school and in life.

 

"Parents and teachers can engender a growth mind-set in children by praising them for their persistence or strategies (rather than for their intelligence), by telling success stories that emphasize hard work and love of learning, and by teaching them about the brain as a learning machine."

 

Jim Lerman's insight: Dweck's mindset get backed by a leading scientific journal.


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21st Century Skills

21st Century Skills | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
21st Century Skills, by Gökhan Yücel: Where education innovation and entrepreneurship meet
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Creativity in Education Quotes - @jackiegerstein

23 quotes that support focusing on creativity in education.

Via John Evans
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Educational Technology and Mobile Learning: What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Thinking Vs Creative Thinking

Educational Technology and Mobile Learning: What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Thinking Vs Creative Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
"Educational Tech and Mobile Learning: What Teachers Need to Know abt Critical Vs Creative Thinking" *MUST read http://t.co/tNPiABGZ6N
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6 PROBLEM SOLVING HINTS!!!

6 PROBLEM SOLVING HINTS!!! | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
  Experienced gut or brain feelings are important in making decisions or solving problems but also try to devote enough time to researching the topic which you are preoccupied with at the time.   S...
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The Best Critical Thinking Questions For Engaging Students

The Best Critical Thinking Questions For Engaging Students | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Here is a list of some of the most engaging critical thinking questions for students, based on two well-known lists of skills classification.

Via Travis White
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Kathrin on Twitter

Kathrin on Twitter | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
WN 2nd graders have fun excelling in critical thinking and creative problem solving @WNAsstPrin@BethMarien @WALearns pic.twitter.com/kpyMWgWwyE
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Being Critically Reflective - What does it mean?

Being Critically Reflective - What does it mean? | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

The terms 'critical' and 'reflection' are sorely misunderstood in education. Being critical is often misinterpreted as being negative. 'Reflection' is also frequently distorted to mean "reflect on what you are doing wrong". Too often the students that we teach give negative feedback when asked to be critical. So to counter act this, educators initiate strategies such as '2 stars and a wish' and SWNI (strengths, weaknesses, new ideas).
These strategies are designed to make reflective practices a more positive experience for students. It teaches them that being critically reflective is not just a negative activity, that it is important to be positive and give feedback to help improve or make something better.
Learn more:
http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?tag=Criticism 



Via Gust MEES, Deborah Arnold
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Mirta Liliana Filgueira's curator insight, August 5, 2014 6:05 PM

Critica y reflexión

ManufacturingStories's curator insight, August 17, 2014 11:06 AM

add your insight...


Claudia Estrada's curator insight, August 17, 2014 3:10 PM

This is the skill we all need to learn and urgently develop with our students.  

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How To Teach All Students To Think Critically | IFLScience

How To Teach All Students To Think Critically | IFLScience | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

"Most tertiary institutions have listed among their graduate attributes the ability to think critically. This seems a desirable outcome, but what exactly does it mean to think critically and how do you get students to do it?

The problem is that critical thinking is the Cheshire Cat of educational curricula – it is hinted at in all disciplines but appears fully formed in none. As soon as you push to see it in focus, it slips away..."


Via Deborah Arnold
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50 Questions To Promote Metacognition In Students

50 Questions To Promote Metacognition In Students | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

50 Questions To Help Students Think About What They Think


Via Deborah Arnold
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JUAN NUÑEZ MESINA's curator insight, April 25, 9:57 AM

POR FAVOR RECOMENDAR Y COMPARTIR

50 Questions To Promote Metacognition In Students | @scoopit via @DebJArnold http://sco.lt/8K86JF

 

John Caswell's curator insight, April 27, 3:56 AM

Important! 

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Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Action Verbs infographic - e-Learning Infographics

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Action Verbs infographic - e-Learning Infographics | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Bloom’s Taxonomy was created in 1956 under the leadership of educational psychologist Dr Benjamin Bloom in order to promote higher forms of thinking in education, such as analyzing and evaluating concepts, processes, procedures, and principles, rather than just remembering facts (rote learning). It is most often used when designing educational, training, and learning processes.

Bloom saw the original Taxonomy as more than a measurement tool. He believed it could serve as a:

common language about learning goals to facilitate communication across persons, subject matter, and grade levels;
basis for determining for a particular course or curriculum the specific meaning of broad educational goals, such as those found in the currently prevalent national, state, and local standards;
means for determining the congruence of educational objectives, activities, and assessments in a unit, course, or curriculum; and
panorama of the range of educational possibilities against which the limited breadth and depth of any particular educational course or curriculum could be contrasted.

The original Taxonomy provided carefully developed definitions for each of the six major categories in the cognitive domain. The categories were Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. With the exception of Application, each of these was broken into subcategories. The categories were ordered from simple to complex and from concrete to abstract. Further, it was assumed that the original Taxonomy represented a cumulative hierarchy; that is, mastery of each simpler category was prerequisite to mastery of the next more complex one.

Lorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom, and David Krathwohl revisited the cognitive domain in the mid-nineties and made some changes. This new taxonomy reflects a more active form of thinking and is perhaps more accurate. Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy improved the usability of it by using action words. The Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy Action Verbs infographic includes some action words that are useful in writing learning objectives.

Via Miloš Bajčetić
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Sandra Carswell's curator insight, March 21, 10:48 AM

This is a nice chart to share with your teachers. 

Peter Rettig's curator insight, March 22, 7:26 AM

Very interesting, as I had forgotten about Bloom...

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Teaching Children How to Think Instead of What to Think

Teaching Children How to Think Instead of What to Think | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Right now our education system is doing more to indoctrinate our children than to educate them. In fact, that has…

Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Megan Howe's curator insight, February 11, 9:44 PM

"The system doesn’t want thinkers. It doesn’t want people to question its methods. It wants a population that can be easily manipulated and controlled so as to relinquish all its power to the elite."

Students are being educated largely on standardized testing material on a daily basis. Children are being medicated so they fit the "perfect student" quality.

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Bloom's Digital Taxonomy Wheel - Interactive


Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa)
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Cheryl Frose's curator insight, January 12, 2:01 PM

AWESOME

Teresa Marcum's curator insight, January 13, 4:30 PM

Useful tool to quickly overview the various parts of Bloom's Taxonomy and then "click" to specific information and examples

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Nine Things Educators Need to Know About the Brain

Nine Things Educators Need to Know About the Brain | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
This article from Greater Good was written by Louis Cozolino, PhD. It features a list of 9 different brain characteristics that teachers must know about.
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Creativity and Orbiting the Giant Hairball of School - User Generated Education

Creativity and Orbiting the Giant Hairball of School  - User Generated Education | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

"Our creative genius is the fountainhead of originality. It fires our compulsion to evolve. It inspires us to challenge norms. Creative genius is about flying to new heights on untested wings. It is about the danger of crashing. It is amorphous, magical, unmeasurable and unpredictable…But we need our genius to bail ourselves out of the messes we continually get ourselves into. So, individually, we must override the cartel, set aside our herd longing for security through sameness and seek the help of our natural genius. Yours and mine. Orbiting the Giant Hairball "

T"his post is a teaser for, a taste of a panel in which I am participating at The International Conference of Creativity, Thinking & Education in April, 2015 (please consider attending). The panel and this post focus on the idea of orbiting the giant hairball of education. Orbiting the Giant Hairball by Gordan MacKenzie is the inspiration for both the panel and this post. The theme revolves around how the systems of business and education often proclaim an affinity towards creativity of and by supervisors, employees, and stakeholders but in practice, actually stifle any actions that threaten the status quo."


Via John Evans
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26 More Videos that Sparked Genius Hour Thinking, Collaboration, and Actions in Our Class

26 More Videos that Sparked Genius Hour Thinking, Collaboration, and Actions in Our Class | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

"In my classroom over the last few years I’ve shown many Youtube videos to inspireresiliency, grit, hope, and discussion prior to guiding them in the creation of their inquiry questions about their passions and wonders during our weekly Genius Hour time.  This post is a follow up post to my post 23 Videos that Sparked Genius Hour Thinking, Collaboration, and Actions.  Many of those videos and the ones I am sharing now were shared with me through the wonderful connections I have made with educators learners on Twitter, Facebook, and at workshops.  I am continually inspired by the educators in my personal learning network.  Thank you to all of you who share your learning and inspirations daily.  You have helped me make sense of the ideas that are floating around in my head.  I am proud to say that students in my classes are constantly inspiring each other and their teacher.  Some of their work is shared on the list below."


Via John Evans
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Joycelyn DeVore's curator insight, January 29, 12:10 PM

Most of the videos are very good. They inspired so I wonder what they could do for students? These videos could help start a chain reaction of goodness.