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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
I am interested in this post and post on critical thinking. Is critical thinking a skill?  Can one teach critical thinking? Stephen has delivered the course on Critical Literacies MOOC in the past....

 

Robert H. Ennis, Author of The Cornell Critical Thinking Tests
“Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe and do.”

 

Assuming that critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do, a critical thinker:

 

1. Is open-minded and mindful of alternatives
2. Tries to be well-informed
3. Judges well the credibility of sources
4. Identifies conclusions, reasons, and assumptions
5. Judges well the quality of an argument, including the acceptability of its reasons, assumptions, and evidence
6. Can well develop and defend a reasonable position
7. Asks appropriate clarifying questions
8. Formulates plausible hypotheses; plans experiments well
9. Defines terms in a way appropriate for the context
10. Draws conclusions when warranted, but with caution
11. Integrates all items in this list when deciding what to believe or do

 

What are the principles of critical thinking?

 

- Knowledge is acquired only through thinking, reasoning, and questioning. Knowledge is based on facts.


- It is only from learning how to think that you learn what to think.


- Critical thinking is an organized and systematic process used to judge the effectiveness of an argument.


- Critical thinking is a search for meaning.


- Critical thinking is a skill that can be learned.


- Do the above principles hold true and won’t change from one domain to the next?

 

Read more, very interesting:

http://suifaijohnmak.wordpress.com/2012/09/16/critical-thinking-2/

 


Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Gust MEES
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David Luigi FUSCHI's comment, April 9, 2013 3:21 AM
Are we sure that Critical Thinking is really appreciated as it should? In my personal experience critical thinker are often opposed if not hunted. Deciding to be a critical thinker may have a high price especially in certain context like industry or management. Definitely it brings better results and can easily foster innovation, but it is hated by man of power and yes-men. I pride myself of constantly trying to be a critical thinker and most of all to be critical of myself and my actions, but I have to say that this has taken me quite a toll in my life, yet I do not regret it. Sorry for stepping in, I do hope this two-penny thought could help in sparkle some discussion on how to foster critical thinking.
Ajo Monzó's comment, April 9, 2013 3:32 AM
Hello David, I agree with you, to be a critical thinker sometimes can be even dangerous, buttheyare the people who move the world...thanks a lot for your comment!
Monica Gutiérrez's curator insight, March 4, 2014 12:54 PM

#criticalthinking 

Critical and creative thinking
What are the skills that students need to be 21st century learners?
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Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Action Verbs infographic - e-Learning Infographics

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Action Verbs infographic - e-Learning Infographics | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Bloom’s Taxonomy was created in 1956 under the leadership of educational psychologist Dr Benjamin Bloom in order to promote higher forms of thinking in education, such as analyzing and evaluating concepts, processes, procedures, and principles, rather than just remembering facts (rote learning). It is most often used when designing educational, training, and learning processes.

Bloom saw the original Taxonomy as more than a measurement tool. He believed it could serve as a:

common language about learning goals to facilitate communication across persons, subject matter, and grade levels;
basis for determining for a particular course or curriculum the specific meaning of broad educational goals, such as those found in the currently prevalent national, state, and local standards;
means for determining the congruence of educational objectives, activities, and assessments in a unit, course, or curriculum; and
panorama of the range of educational possibilities against which the limited breadth and depth of any particular educational course or curriculum could be contrasted.

The original Taxonomy provided carefully developed definitions for each of the six major categories in the cognitive domain. The categories were Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. With the exception of Application, each of these was broken into subcategories. The categories were ordered from simple to complex and from concrete to abstract. Further, it was assumed that the original Taxonomy represented a cumulative hierarchy; that is, mastery of each simpler category was prerequisite to mastery of the next more complex one.

Lorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom, and David Krathwohl revisited the cognitive domain in the mid-nineties and made some changes. This new taxonomy reflects a more active form of thinking and is perhaps more accurate. Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy improved the usability of it by using action words. The Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy Action Verbs infographic includes some action words that are useful in writing learning objectives.

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Sandra Carswell's curator insight, March 21, 10:48 AM

This is a nice chart to share with your teachers. 

Peter Rettig's curator insight, March 22, 7:26 AM

Very interesting, as I had forgotten about Bloom...

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Teaching Children How to Think Instead of What to Think

Teaching Children How to Think Instead of What to Think | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Right now our education system is doing more to indoctrinate our children than to educate them. In fact, that has…

Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Megan Howe's curator insight, February 11, 9:44 PM

"The system doesn’t want thinkers. It doesn’t want people to question its methods. It wants a population that can be easily manipulated and controlled so as to relinquish all its power to the elite."

Students are being educated largely on standardized testing material on a daily basis. Children are being medicated so they fit the "perfect student" quality.

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Bloom's Digital Taxonomy Wheel - Interactive


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Cheryl Frose's curator insight, January 12, 2:01 PM

AWESOME

Teresa Marcum's curator insight, January 13, 4:30 PM

Useful tool to quickly overview the various parts of Bloom's Taxonomy and then "click" to specific information and examples

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Nine Things Educators Need to Know About the Brain

Nine Things Educators Need to Know About the Brain | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
This article from Greater Good was written by Louis Cozolino, PhD. It features a list of 9 different brain characteristics that teachers must know about.
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Creativity and Orbiting the Giant Hairball of School - User Generated Education

Creativity and Orbiting the Giant Hairball of School  - User Generated Education | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

"Our creative genius is the fountainhead of originality. It fires our compulsion to evolve. It inspires us to challenge norms. Creative genius is about flying to new heights on untested wings. It is about the danger of crashing. It is amorphous, magical, unmeasurable and unpredictable…But we need our genius to bail ourselves out of the messes we continually get ourselves into. So, individually, we must override the cartel, set aside our herd longing for security through sameness and seek the help of our natural genius. Yours and mine. Orbiting the Giant Hairball "

T"his post is a teaser for, a taste of a panel in which I am participating at The International Conference of Creativity, Thinking & Education in April, 2015 (please consider attending). The panel and this post focus on the idea of orbiting the giant hairball of education. Orbiting the Giant Hairball by Gordan MacKenzie is the inspiration for both the panel and this post. The theme revolves around how the systems of business and education often proclaim an affinity towards creativity of and by supervisors, employees, and stakeholders but in practice, actually stifle any actions that threaten the status quo."


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26 More Videos that Sparked Genius Hour Thinking, Collaboration, and Actions in Our Class

26 More Videos that Sparked Genius Hour Thinking, Collaboration, and Actions in Our Class | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

"In my classroom over the last few years I’ve shown many Youtube videos to inspireresiliency, grit, hope, and discussion prior to guiding them in the creation of their inquiry questions about their passions and wonders during our weekly Genius Hour time.  This post is a follow up post to my post 23 Videos that Sparked Genius Hour Thinking, Collaboration, and Actions.  Many of those videos and the ones I am sharing now were shared with me through the wonderful connections I have made with educators learners on Twitter, Facebook, and at workshops.  I am continually inspired by the educators in my personal learning network.  Thank you to all of you who share your learning and inspirations daily.  You have helped me make sense of the ideas that are floating around in my head.  I am proud to say that students in my classes are constantly inspiring each other and their teacher.  Some of their work is shared on the list below."


Via John Evans
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Joycelyn DeVore's curator insight, January 29, 12:10 PM

Most of the videos are very good. They inspired so I wonder what they could do for students? These videos could help start a chain reaction of goodness. 

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Critical Thinking: How A Child Can Start Thinki...

Critical Thinking: How A Child Can Start Thinki... | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Critical Thinking: How A Child Can Start Thinking Deeply
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What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Think...

What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Think... | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Thinking Vs Creative Thinking ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning on E-Learning and Educational Reform curated by Melissa Tothero
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Critical Thinking or To Reason

Critical Thinking or To Reason | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Critical thinking is the mental process of analyzing or evaluating information
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What teachers need to know about Critical Think...

What teachers need to know about Critical Think... | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
When it comes to differentiating critical thinking from creative thinking, things get a little bit blurry as there is no consensus as to what really defines these processes.
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Vital problem-solving skills for students - Deccan Herald

Vital problem-solving skills for students - Deccan Herald | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Pushing towards growth Students need more than just technical
education to survive today.
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Top 10 Ways to Encourage Creative Thinking

Top 10 Ways to Encourage Creative Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Creative Thinking for Kids. I like that I can start using these suggestions today! My son loves #5!
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Interesting Critical Thinking Posters for Your Class ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

Interesting Critical Thinking Posters for Your Class ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
RT @MacmillanMexico: Posters that promote critical thinking in your class- http://t.co/qaEIUQt4sK
#eltideas #lifeskills via @medkh9 http…
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Ten Disciplines of a Learner: Learning vs Mastery

Ten Disciplines of a Learner: Learning vs Mastery | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

Ten Disciplines of a Learner
We decided to continue the conversation on this topic at a faculty meeting. Several meetings later we had a new report card. We decided to give two grades and average them—one for “Learning,” the other for “Mastery.”

Sara might get an “F” in mastery and an “A” in learning, culminating in a “C” for the course. To be rigorous we picked ten observable behaviors and named them “Disciplines of a Learner:”

1.     Asks questions

2.     Builds on other people’s ideas

3.     Uses mistakes as learning opportunities

4.     Takes criticism constructively

5.     Speaks up

6.     Welcomes a challenge

7.     Takes risks

8.     Listens with an openness to change

9.     Perseveres in tasks

10.   Decides when to lead and when to follow.


Learn more:


http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?tag=Criticism



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Nancy Jones's curator insight, March 21, 9:57 AM

Love this examination of 'Disciplines of a Learner" that clearly distinguishes between master and learning. I think we should demonstrate greater value to the lifelong skill of learning .

Carv Wilson's curator insight, March 21, 10:01 AM

Like the questions.

 

Elaine J Roberts, Ph.D.'s curator insight, March 22, 2:07 PM

Whether in school or the work place, we talk about measurable goals and objectives but most of us struggle to define how those goals or objectives might be measured. Now that's often because the goals and objectives aren't actually measurable, but it's mostly because we don't think through what we're actually asking students or employees to accomplish.  For students, success and progress can be measured when they see "that [their] learning, not [their] intelligence" matters. For  employees, success and progress can be measured in much the same way.

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The Question Game: A Playful Way To Teach Critical Thinking

The Question Game: A Playful Way To Teach Critical Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
The Question Game: A Playful Way To Teach Critical Thinking

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The Secret to Raising Smart Kids ~ Scientific American MIND

The Secret to Raising Smart Kids ~ Scientific American MIND | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it

by Carol Dweck

 

"Many people assume that superior intelligence or ability is a key to success. But more than three decades of research shows that an overemphasis on intellect or talent—and the implication that such traits are innate and fixed—leaves people vulnerable to failure, fearful of challenges and unmotivated to learn.

 

"Teaching people to have a “growth mind-set,” which encourages a focus on “process” rather than on intelligence or talent, produces high achievers in school and in life.

 

"Parents and teachers can engender a growth mind-set in children by praising them for their persistence or strategies (rather than for their intelligence), by telling success stories that emphasize hard work and love of learning, and by teaching them about the brain as a learning machine."

 

Jim Lerman's insight: Dweck's mindset get backed by a leading scientific journal.


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21st Century Skills

21st Century Skills | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
21st Century Skills, by Gökhan Yücel: Where education innovation and entrepreneurship meet
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Creativity in Education Quotes - @jackiegerstein

23 quotes that support focusing on creativity in education.

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Educational Technology and Mobile Learning: What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Thinking Vs Creative Thinking

Educational Technology and Mobile Learning: What Teachers Need to Know about Critical Thinking Vs Creative Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
"Educational Tech and Mobile Learning: What Teachers Need to Know abt Critical Vs Creative Thinking" *MUST read http://t.co/tNPiABGZ6N
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Four Skills to Teach Students In the First Five Days of School

Four Skills to Teach Students In the First Five Days of School | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Alan November explains how he would use the first five days of school to lay the groundwork for a year of learning that goes far beyond the test.
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Best Learning Tools for Kids – Critical Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Skills | iGameMom

Best Learning Tools for Kids – Critical Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Skills | iGameMom | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Best learning tools for kids to improve critical thinking and problem solving skills. All are fun and engaging for kids of all ages.
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9 Resources for Problem Solving and 21st Century Skills

9 Resources for Problem Solving and 21st Century Skills | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
It's Top-Pick List Friday! This week, we are featuring games, apps, and websites that teach students great problem solving skills. So many important school, life, and work skills can be taught through games and other engaging tools.
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10 creative questions to whack your thinking and solve your next challenge

10 creative questions to whack your thinking and solve your next challenge | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
One of the challenges we face when we're trying to solve problems is that we get stuck in a mental rut, using the same habitual mindset.
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Critical Thinking: How A Child Can Start Thinking Deeply

Critical Thinking: How A Child Can Start Thinking Deeply | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Critical Thinking: How A Child Can Start Thinking Deeply
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How Your Daily Routine Is Ruining Your Creative Thinking

How Your Daily Routine Is Ruining Your Creative Thinking | Critical and creative thinking | Scoop.it
Sticking to the same schedule may be hindering your brain's ability to build skills and knowledge.
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