Criminology and Economic Theory
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Criminology and Economic Theory
In search of viable criminological theory
Curated by Rob Duke
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Garda shot dead and woman seriously injured - gunman takes his own life in incident in Co Louth - Independent.ie

Garda shot dead and woman seriously injured - gunman takes his own life in incident in Co Louth - Independent.ie | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A garda has been shot dead in an incident in North County Louth.
Rob Duke's insight:

A story on the Irish garda....

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A Eurocratic demand to punish hate speech and Holocaust denial

A Eurocratic demand to punish hate speech and Holocaust denial | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
IN 2006, when David Irving, a British writer, was given a three-year jail term in Austria for questioning the truth of Hitler's genocidal crimes, The Economist was clear in its response. As a colleague wrote at the time:

Laws against Holocaust denial...were never a good idea. The best defence against neo-Nazis is reason and ridicule, not the criminal law. But at a time when the western world is battling to defend free speech against religious zealotry, they look particularly indefensible. It is punishment enough for Mr Irving that he has lost his professional credibility. He should not lose his liberty too.
Nothing has happened since then to weaken the case for using "reason and ridicule" rather than handcuffs to cut deniers down to size. But the European Union commissioner for justice, one of 28 minister-level executives, strongly thinks otherwise. "I find it disgraceful that Holocaust denial is a criminal offence in only 13 [of the EU's 28] member states," declared Vera Jourova in a speech this month, wrapping up a colloquium on the "fundamental rights" of which the EU has become, at least in certain carefully defined ways, a guardian.

Almost equally troubling was another of her assertions: "If freedom of expression is one of the building blocks of a democratic society, hate speech on the other hand is a blatant violation of that freedom. It must be severely punished." That is muddled reasoning. Hate speech may be a foolish or even wicked abuse of freedom of expression, but that is not the same as a violation. And there is no sign that the commissioner is at all troubled by the fact that in many EU countries, statements that would be protected under America's constitution (for example, strongly asserting the truth of one religion and denying the truth of another) have been denounced and prosecuted as hate speech. 
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What Federal Prisoners Are Saying About the 6,000 Inmates Getting Released This Fall | VICE | United States

"So the thing in here is that a lot of dudes got their notice in the mail stating that they got their two-point reduction and the amount of time they were getting off. Then they had to wait for their unit team to begin processing their paper work for the halfway house, which sucks because there are thousands that are getting out at the same time now and the paperwork is taking forever and the dudes that should of been getting more than six months [in the] halfway house, because they have been in for 20-25 years, are only getting 30 days."

This is what happens when you have an overcrowded prison system: Reentry programs, which can play a key role in preventing recidivism, are often starved of resources.



Still, as a former prisoner of the war on drugs, I'm happy to see to know these prisoners are seeing the light of day and could soon be reunited with their families. I have been out a little over a year now, and although these changes have come too late to help me—I served almost all of my sentence—I feel nothing but jubilation for the thousands who are getting a taste of freedom.
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Attorney: Army Officer Recommends No Jail Time for Bergdahl

Attorney: Army Officer Recommends No Jail Time for Bergdahl | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
An Army officer is recommending that Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl face a low-level court martial and be spared jail time for leaving his post in Afghanistan.
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TEPCO Executives May Be Prosecuted For Fukushima Contamination

TEPCO Executives May Be Prosecuted For Fukushima Contamination | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
This appears to be an additional set of charges that would apply to both former and current TEPCO executives. The charges were sent from the Prefecture police to the prosecutors office. The charges have to do with leaks of contaminated water from the plant.

Via Ton Kraanen
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California acts to regulate pot industry

California acts to regulate pot industry | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
California took a big step Friday toward regulating its legalized pot industry.

Gov. Jerry Brown signed three bills that create a new state agency and develop guidelines for licensing, producing and testing marijuana within the burgeoning industry, his office confirmed.
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Calling 101 is a waste of time, says senior Cambridgeshire police offcer

Calling 101 is a waste of time, says senior Cambridgeshire police offcer | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
‘Life’s too short,’ says Insp Matt Johnson in response to council leader’s complaints about force’s slow response to non-emergency calls
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The ‘born criminal’? Lombroso and the origins of modern criminology

The ‘born criminal’? Lombroso and the origins of modern criminology | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Described as the father of modern criminology, Cesare Lombroso’s theory of the ‘born criminal’ dominated thinking about criminal behaviour in the late 19th and early 20th century
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Solutions emerge to Alaska's marijuana tax cash problem

With marijuana businesses locked out of opening bank accounts, Alaska’s Tax Division is eyeing ways to handle an the anticipated influx of millions in cannabis cash. This week two potential solutions seemed to be emerging as front runners.
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China, Interpol pledge closer anti-corruption cooperation

China, Interpol pledge closer anti-corruption cooperation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
China, Interpol pledge closer anti-corruption cooperation---9(Xinhua)--Senior Chinese officials met with Interpol's Secretary-general Jurgen Stock on Friday and the two sides pledged to boost cooperation on fight against corruption n.

Via @MikeKenealy
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Why sex crimes have statutes of limitations

Why sex crimes have statutes of limitations | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
"Over time witnesses' memories fade, evidence is lost or never found, and in many instances perpetrators or witnesses may be deceased,” explains a spokesperson for the church. Some counter that survivors of sexual abuse should have more time to press criminal charges or sue in civil court, as years or decades may pass before victims realise the gravity of the violation.
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Dorothy Retha Cook's curator insight, October 9, 2015 2:03 PM

dOr find the needed help to receive justice and not just-ice but God gives His perfect peace and provides His grace and mercy and is why God provides opportunities for forgiveness and God justice is mighty mighty sweet as He loves us all not just one or the other but He hates some of the things done but God has an overcomer plan no matter what God time is not our time watch God

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America’s Mass-Shooting Capital Is Chicago - The Daily Beast

America’s Mass-Shooting Capital Is Chicago - The Daily Beast | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
People living in Chiraq’s worst neighborhoods are more likely to be killed than citizens of the world’s leading countries for murder.

Via Darcy Delaproser
Rob Duke's insight:

Now wait a minute, are we calling gang shootings mass shootings now?  If so, this is too inclusive of a term.  We know what causes gang shootings: economic interests combined with too few dispute resolution mechanisms.  Mass shootings, however, are so far a mystery.  I think it's a mistake to lump both gang shootings and, for lack of a better term, school shootings, together.

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Weight-loss surgery linked to increased suicide risk

Weight-loss surgery linked to increased suicide risk | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
- Patients may be more likely to harm themselves or attempt suicide after weight-loss surgery, a Canadian study suggests.
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The heirs of Al Capone

The heirs of Al Capone | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A survey in 2010 noted that counties containing meth labs tend to be disproportionately poor, white and evangelical.

Those same communities also happen to be the ones with stiffest restrictions on the sale of alcohol. When Prohibition ended in 1933, local governments began implementing their own bans on alcohol sales, many of which remain to this day. Fifty-three of Kentucky’s 120 counties have some sort of restriction on the sale of alcohol, while another 31 ban its sale altogether. One question posed by social scientists is whether alcohol is a complement to, or a substitute for, drugs. A new paper by Jose Fernandez, Stephan Gohmann and Joshua Pinkston of the University of Louisville claims the latter, suggesting that lifting the ban on alcohol would lead to a drop in meth use.
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FRANCE: Bosses lose their shirts

FRANCE: Bosses lose their shirts | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Mr Valls’s Socialist government has just launched an effort to modernise union negotiations. He wants to make it easier for employers to negotiate directly with unions at firm level. Currently employees are covered by the French labour code, which runs to 3,809 pages—nearly twice as long as the Bible—and by branch-level agreements for 750-odd industries, from metalworking to the patisserie business, which govern over 95% of French employees. And this is despite the fact that only 8% of French workers actually belong to unions.

The primacy of labour law also means that disputes often end up before a judge, stirring uncertainty and conflict. “Our country does not have a culture of negotiation and compromise,” noted Jean-Denis Combrexelle, author of an official report on reforming labour law last month. Mr Valls was more blunt. The French labour code, he said, has “become too complicated, sometimes unreadable”.

A new reform bill is now promised by the end of the year, to go to parliament in 2016. For the French left, raised to cherish the rights enshrined in the labour code, the idea is radical. It means giving firms the ability to renegotiate hours or pay not just in an economic downturn, as is currently the case, but also as part of a pre-emptive effort to maintain competitiveness—and in a way that prevails over labour law. Such flexibility would be welcome. But it depends crucially on a less shirty union culture of the sort that, for now, seems to have eluded Air France.
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California governor approves bill to help immigrant crime victims

California governor approves bill to help immigrant crime victims | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
California Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill designed to help undocumented immigrants who are victims of violent crime, by introducing time limits on law enforcement's response to their U.S. visa applications in an attempt to standardize police forces' uneven treatment of applicants.
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Where the Arab Spring revolutions went wrong - Los Angeles Times

Where the Arab Spring revolutions went wrong - Los Angeles Times | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The headline-grabbing revolutions that gripped the Middle East in early 2011 brought the promise of an “Arab Spring,” a new dawn for democracy in a region with a history of autocracy.

Via jean lievens
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The Myth of Safety: Why Can't Women Get a Ride Home Without Being Raped? | VICE | United States

On Thursday, that woman—along with another woman who accused an Uber driver of sexual assault in Boston—filed a federal lawsuit against the company. The suit claims that "by marketing heavily toward young women who have been drinking while claiming that rider safety is its #1 priority, Uber is instead putting these women at risk."

The suit is the latest in the exhaustive chain of stories about women being assaulted while trying to get home in what they believed to be the safest way: hailing an Uber. Since August, there have also been stories of "imposter Ubers," or men taking advantage of this myth of safety by posing as Uber drivers. In Boston, a man tried to lure a student into his car (she refused after she compared the car's license plate to the one listed on the Uber app); a man in Fort Worth, Texas saw two college students waiting for an Uber and pretended to be their driver. A 19-year-old college student in Tallahassee, Florida got into what she thought was her Uber before the driver proceeded to expose himself to her and demand sexual favors.
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A Breakdown of the 47 School Shootings So Far This Year

The deadly shooting at Northern Arizona University this morning was the 47th shooting to take place on a school campus so far this year, according to data collected by gun control advocacy group Everytown for Gun Safety.
Of those shootings, 26 were classified as attacks that resulted in injury or...
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The Death Penalty for Drug Offences: Global Overview 2015 | Harm Reduction International

The Death Penalty for Drug Offences: Global Overview 2015 | Harm Reduction International | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
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What It’s Like to Grow Up as a Closeted Gay Extremist Muslim | VICE | United States

At 16, Sohail Ahmed was considering an attack on Canary Wharf and joining in on homophobic jokes. Inside, however, he had a secret.
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Saudi Employer Reportedly Chops Off Indian Maid’s Hand After She Asked for Pay

Saudi Employer Reportedly Chops Off Indian Maid’s Hand After She Asked for Pay | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
An Indian maid is in serious condition as a result of her Saudi employer allegedly chopping off her hand after she reportedly told officials about physical and mental harassment and torture she was subjected to at work.

Via The Planetary Archives / San Francisco, California
Rob Duke's insight:

WTH?

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The Planetary Archives / San Francisco, California's curator insight, October 9, 2015 7:33 PM

One reason there is a civil war in Saudi Arabia.

Not all Saudi's agree with this behavior.

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Oregon pot stores sell more than $11 million in first 5 days

Oregon pot stores sell more than $11 million in first 5 days | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
SALEM, Ore. — Retailers sold more than $11 million of marijuana during Oregon's first week of legal recreational sales, outpacing the early business done in other states that have legalized pot, according to the Oregon Retailers of Cannabis Association.Oregon retailers had sales of $3.5 million by the end of opening day, Casey Houlihan, executive director of the association, told the Statesman...

Via Thomas Wentzel
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Be on the alert for these suicide warning signs

-Talking about feeling trapped or being in unbearable pain.

-Talking about being a burden

-Increased drinking or drug use

-Extreme mood swings

-Showing rage or seeking revenge

-Withdrawing
Rob Duke's insight:

Giving valuable and sentimental stuff away, also.

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Ice-T Has Had It With America’s Overcrowded Prisons - The Daily Beast

Ice-T Has Had It With America’s Overcrowded Prisons - The Daily Beast | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Ice-T is the latest member of hip-hop royalty to put his name on a petition to pressure Congress to reform the criminal justice system.

Via Darcy Delaproser
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