Criminology and Economic Theory
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Criminology and Economic Theory
In search of viable criminological theory
Curated by Rob Duke
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Push, Don’t Crush, the Students

Push, Don’t Crush, the Students | Criminology and Economic Theory |
In Silicon Valley, mixed messages fuel a best-in-class mentality.
Rob Duke's insight:

Just a reminder during the stress of finals--if you see something, say something?  That can mean all the difference to someone struggling.

Riley Landeis's comment, May 4, 2015 5:20 AM
many times the school system can be stressful for students, it makes you wonder if the system should be refined.
Maddie Davis's comment, May 6, 2015 5:40 AM
It’s really sad that the pressure students get from school sometimes results in suicides. Parents can be very tough on kids too and I don’t think they always realize that. I know from experience with sports, it happens all the time. Parents put a lot of unnecessary pressure on their kids to perform to a certain standard or level and it is just too much sometimes.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:00 AM
Like you said -- if you see something, say something. You don't have to be aggressive, or confrontational -- just be there for that person. And there are a myriad of help hotlines that can be utilized by you or the person in need. Just make sure you do SOMETHING -- you don't need a suicide weighing on your conscience because you wonder if you could have tried to do something.
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Five Years After The BP Oil Spill, The Industry Is Still Taking Big Risks

Five Years After The BP Oil Spill, The Industry Is Still Taking Big Risks | Criminology and Economic Theory |
In early April of 2010, I flew to Mobile, Alabama, to report a story for The Wall Street Journal. I covered the oil industry for the paper, and a few weeks earlier, President Obama had announced pl...
DERRICK NELSON's comment, April 27, 2015 4:03 AM
The bottom line is money motivation. Although simple safety precautions are followed, giant corporations such as BP will forego risk in an effort to produce top dollar returns. As long as money is a prime motivator in corporate America green collar crimes will always prevail.
Rob Duke's comment, April 27, 2015 6:07 AM
Derrick: Truth over Justice. I think Socrates said that. The RCAC in Valdez is a good model of citizen involvement in the oversight of resource extraction.
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The FBI Faked an Entire Field of Forensic Science

The FBI Faked an Entire Field of Forensic Science | Criminology and Economic Theory |
For more stories like this, like Slate on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. The Washington Post published a story so horrifying this weekend that it would stop your breath: “The Justice Department and FBI have formally acknowledged that nearly every examiner in an elite FBI forensic unit gave flawed...
Rob Duke's insight:

Wrap back to week 1 where we talked about careers.

Rob Duke's comment, April 28, 2015 12:28 AM
Yeah, I think a lot of us are in shock....
Riley Landeis's comment, May 4, 2015 5:22 AM
With everything that has been going on lately and the seemingly nationwide distrust of the police, it is insane that something like this would come to light. this leads to distrust now of the federal government as well.
Maddie Davis's comment, May 6, 2015 5:54 AM
Wow this is really bad for the FBI. I can’t imagine how all those people in prison would feel if they found out and if the people that did get executed actually were innocent, then that would not look good on the justice system at all.
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Key Events in Path to Trial for Colorado Theater Shooter

Key Events in Path to Trial for Colorado Theater Shooter | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Key dates in the life of James Holmes, on trial in the 2012 Colorado theater shooting: Dec. 13, 1987 — Holmes is born in San Diego County, California, to Robert and Arlene Holmes. 2006 — Graduates from Westview High School in San Diego. 2010 — Graduates from the University of...
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:11 AM
I remember when this happened, people were upset that there were no legal (or at all) concealed carriers in the movie theater. But I wonder if that would have actually made a positive difference -- the theater was dark, the suspect had rolled smoke grenades and activated them, and he wasn't exactly wearing a neon-orange outfit. Would it be wrong to think that additional shooters would have likely taken down the shooter, but not before potentially doing even more damage than was already done. I suppose it's impossible to play the what-if game under circumstances as muddy as this one -- but I'm not sure this was one of those situations where more people with guns INSIDE the theater would have made things better.
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Aftermath | Criminology and Economic Theory |
WHAT happens right after a natural disaster matters almost as much as what takes place during the calamity itself.
Rob Duke's insight:

How much can you tell about a culture from how they deal with disaster?

Meagan Olsen's comment, April 28, 2015 12:44 AM
I think it says a lot about a country of how they react to disaster, and it says that natural disasters strike Nepal regularly, which is really sad. The article said that there are still 200 people missing near Mount Everest due to the avalanches triggered by the earthquake. The earthquake that hit Nepal’s capital was a 7.9 magnitude earthquake; it killed many people and caused lots of destruction there.
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Milwaukee man suspected of shooting van driver who hit nephew commits suicide in Illinois

Milwaukee man suspected of shooting van driver who hit nephew commits suicide in Illinois | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Damani Terry just wanted to join a group of girls dancing in a park across the street.
Rodney Ebersole's comment, April 27, 2015 8:15 AM
What a horrible example of mistakes and anger used to end four people’s lives. The man who started shooting should have been mad at himself for not watching that little boy. I don’t know how I would handle someone running into my kids but I am a very protective parent and I really try to keep danger away from them as much as I can. I understand toddlers are quick and if you aren’t watching them constantly they could do exactly what this toddler did. I still don’t understand though why the Uncle didn’t try to help his nephew first before starting firing. The driver was trying to help the child, it’s not like he just drove off. Mr. Chiles clearly had anger and self control issues and I agree with the article on the fact he was cowardly to try and avoid justice by ending his life.
Meagan Olsen's comment, April 28, 2015 1:04 AM
This is a sad incident that probably happens way more often than it should. This man decided to take the law into his own hands and more people ended up dead, which could have all been prevented. I can understand how this man felt but I don’t think that it justifies him shooting someone and taking the law into his own hands, that isn’t his place even though I’m sure his emotions and thoughts weren’t in a good place.
Riley Landeis's comment, May 5, 2015 4:05 AM
It's too bad this had to happen, emotions took over. people need to step back and think before they act.
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Indian girl, 13, writes emotional letter begging for her child marriage to be stopped

Indian girl, 13, writes emotional letter begging for her child marriage to be stopped | Criminology and Economic Theory |
A 13-year-old girl in India has written a letter begging her headteacher to save her from becoming a child bride.

Via Darcy Delaproser
Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 27, 2015 1:48 AM
This is a sad, and rather disheartening practice, but it’s also disgusting. And then you look at it from the traditional side of things as something that was done for hundreds of years. Arranged marriages are nothing new in the world, and in fact if anything they are now something more antiquated than any other descriptive word. To marry a child to another person, whether their prospective spouse is another child, or someone older, is unconscionable in our society today, but it’s not the same elsewhere. Economic concerns for the parents are a factor, along with customs, tradition, and even some old societal rules that run afoul of the law. I still just can’t wrap my head around the idea, nor can I accept the traditions. It IS a human rights violation, and it puts these children in danger as well as any children they may become pregnant with.
Meagan Olsen's comment, April 28, 2015 12:50 AM
This is really sad, a 13-year-old girl wrote a letter begging her teacher to try and stop her child marriage from happening. She wanted to not get married until she was 18 because she wanted to continue to go to school, and if she gets married that could stop her from being able to go to school! The teacher failed to convince her parents to stop the wedding so this poor girl is being forced to get married at age 13. These girls getting married so soon is threatening to their lives and health, it also limits their future prospects, said a spokesman. A lot of these girls also become pregnant with increases the risk of complication in pregnancy or childbirth, these complications are the leading cause of death.
Riley Landeis's comment, May 5, 2015 4:11 AM
Weird to me that this still goes on even with a girl as young as that. Yes it's tradition, but that doesn't make it any less disgusting.
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Gun violence costs America $229 billion a year—more than $700 for every man, woman, and child

Gun violence costs America $229 billion a year—more than $700 for every man, woman, and child | Criminology and Economic Theory |
HOW MUCH DOES gun violence cost our country? It's a question we've been looking into at Mother Jones ever since the 2012 mass shooting at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, left 58 injured and 12 dead. How much care would the survivors and the victims' families need? What would be the effects on the broader community, and how far out would those costs ripple? As we've continued to investigate gun violence, one of our more startling discoveries is that nobody really knows.
Rob Duke's insight:

Probably not a popular topic in AK, but something to consider when we compare ourselves to the world....

James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:57 AM
It's always a touchy topic -- personally, I would never give up my second amendment right. Not for anything. There will always be guns in this country -- and I feel safer being able to legally carry my own, because I'm not keen on getting into a "fair" fight with someone on the street. That being said, I immediately discard all suicide statistics -- they wanted to die, they did it. If they want to use a knife or medication, they'll do it. As for violent crimes -- if you look at a nation such as the UK, you'll see that of course their gun violence is very low -- they have almost completely banned guns outside of very specific instances. Despite that, their per capita on violence and violent crime is often the same if not higher than the United States.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 4:00 AM
They just switch to knives, instead -- and in response, the UK has essentially banned knives from being on your person unless you're taking them to your house for cooking. So people switch to using hammers/rocks/bricks/pipes, anything they can use. You might say that they can't use these to commit mass casualty scenarios -- and you're more or less correct, although if you look at China you'll find multiple instances where someone with a knife managed to seriously injure anywhere from 50 to 100 people before he was taken down. In addition, you'll find that just about every single mass shooting in the history of this country took place in a "gun free" zone. Crazy people know where they can attack with impunity -- we practically walk them in with a neon sign and red carpet.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 4:03 AM
In addition, there are significantly worse things than gun violence in this country. Traffic/Car accidents in this country cost almost a TRILLION dollars each year, according to a study from May 2014. Yet we don't demand mandatory national driving courses for all drivers, force elderly people off the road when they really have no right to be on it, and we don't immediately revoke peoples licenses when they are at-fault for completely avoidable accidents (running red lights; text/talking while driving) there is just a temporary suspension (usually not more than 30 to 90 days) and a fine.
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Bitcoin's problem with women

Bitcoin's problem with women | Criminology and Economic Theory |
If you can build a product for girls that ratifies their identity and individuality and gives them self-esteem, then you're creating something much more valuable than a few dollars' worth of savings: You're keeping them in school, and you're keeping them healthy, and you're helping them to not get pregnant. That's the kind of way that cryptocurrencies could change the world. The problem is that the men in Popper's book just don't think that way.
Rob Duke's insight:

But, the authors point out, when you can get men to talk about where they welcome women in bitcoin, it's invariably in those markets that cater to sex.  The rest of the time, women's issues are not addressed by bitcoin's managers.

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The difference between legalisation and decriminalisation

The difference between legalisation and decriminalisation | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Many people mistakenly use the terms “legalisation” and “decriminalisation” interchangeably. What is the difference?
Rob Duke's insight:

Alaska, Portugal=decriminalized




What's the difference?

Meagan Olsen's comment, April 28, 2015 1:13 AM
This was an informative article, I liked the map it showed of the US indicating which states allowed pot to be legal, illegal and illegal but possession decriminalized.
Mark Stoller's comment, May 8, 2015 3:22 AM
I think that decriminalization is the way to go. After doing extensive research on Portugal and the outcome of their decriminalization I believe that, that is the most beneficial way to help people with drug addiction.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 4:09 AM
I can't access the Economist, but I believe the difference is that legalization is making something completely legal without any loop-holes or hang-ups. Decriminalization removes criminal statutes regarding something in most situations; but they're are still times when it would be illegal. For example in Alaska, people under a certain age still can't smoke Pot, I think it will require a permit to sell Marijuana in a store, and you have to smoke it in very specific locations (not in public). I'm personally in favor of Decriminalization; keep it in private, tax the hell out of it, but other than that let them do what they want with it. It doesn't hurt me unless they're blowing smoke in my face or driving while under the influence.
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Mississippi Cops Are Using College Kids As Drug Informants

Mississippi Cops Are Using College Kids As Drug Informants | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Alexandra Natapoff, a professor at Loyola Law School and author of Snitching: Criminal Informants and the Erosion of American Justice, estimated that 1 in 16 black men in their twenties living in high-crime, poor neighborhoods have served as an informant at least once. In those cases, authorities often exploit a person’s lack of financial resources: They can’t afford a lawyer to get them out of it, or they’re eager to accept some cash in exchange for the work. In these cases, authorities often exploit a college student’s insecurity and naïveté.
Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 27, 2015 1:29 AM
Though I have no problem using confidential informants (CI), I totally understand the concern that narcotics programs such as the one in the article here tend to ‘prey’ upon the less wealthy parts of society. It is in its own way, discriminatory. These young, naïve, and poor students don’t have the knowledge or the funding to properly protect themselves through legal counsel. Networks of informants are extremely useful. If you want to tackle the drug problem from the supply side. And as we all know, that is working just oh so well. WAR ON DRUGS! Let’s attack a supplier. Oh look! It’s a hydra. Every time we cut off a head, two more grow in its place! Let’s willy nilly cut heads off! It’s not working. Not working at all. So what do we do? Exactly what other groups are doing. Slowly shift away from supply side and look at the demand side. Instead of throwing everyone in jail, how about we work on the rehabilitative programs? I understand that funding is shifting away from narcotics departments and toward rehab departments. That’s because they’re learning what works better. You can do all you want in regards to trying to stop demand. It isn’t working. Reduce the demand. Things will start to get better.
Kaitlyn Evans's comment, April 27, 2015 5:07 PM
It makes sense that police use students as confidential informants if they are first time offenders. First time offenders will most likely not repeat the criminal activity because of the harsh punishment. I have known people hired by the police and would go under cover into liquor stores just to see if they will card them. This is a good checks and balance test to make sure people are abiding by the law.
Rob Duke's comment, April 27, 2015 5:48 PM
Kaitlyn, Robert, Yeah, and I'm not innocent here. I've used these informants myself. It's interesting that there's more and more angst about this practice. For my own part, I think we get to keep informants, but we're going to have to let go of asset forfeiture, and we'll need to ensure that informants are exposed to the same level of danger that they'd normally put themselves into. So, the statement in the article about drug houses being suspicious when the white college kid shows up--that's a clear case where we shouldn't have used that informant.
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Book Review: The Sustainable Economics of Elinor Ostrom: Commons, Contestation and Craft by Derek Wall

Book Review: The Sustainable Economics of Elinor Ostrom: Commons, Contestation and Craft by Derek Wall | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The key question for Ostrom was: ‘How can fallible human beings achieve and sustain self-governing ways of life and self-governing entities as well as sustaining ecological systems at multiple scales?’
Rob Duke's insight:

The same questions apply to the common spaces between my front door and yours.  If we can figure out how to regulate clean air, why can't we use the same concepts to regulate the common sphere?

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Habermas Theory of Communicative Action Vol 2: Mead, Durkheim, Speech Acts, System

how language as a system is built on the asymmetries of I, you, he/she.
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How Fishing Pros Finally Caught George Perry's Miracle Bass

How Fishing Pros Finally Caught George Perry's Miracle Bass | Criminology and Economic Theory |
In late 2009, two men walked into a room somewhere in Japan and found a fisherman hooked up to a polygraph. His name was Manabu Kurita, and he was there to answer some questions. The 32-year-old fishing guide had claimed to have caught a bass that weighed just under 22 pounds, 5 ounces — a weight that would make it co-world-record holder in the all-tackle weight category for largemouth bass, the most hallowed class in all of fishing. The other men in the room were representatives from the International Game Fish Association (IGFA) and, with the polygraph running, they asked Kurita about the precise position of his boat on Japan’s Lake Biwa and the tackle he used to haul in his catch. His answers from the hourlong session evidently passed muster; six months after he hauled the fish in, the catch was certified as the IGFA’s co-world-record holder.
Rob Duke's insight:

Weird, but true.  Unusual use of the polygraph.

Rodney Ebersole's comment, April 27, 2015 7:57 AM
Interesting article about the joys of fishing and the race to catch the biggest bass. I’m not surprised a lie detector is being used to verify the winners of those who catch these large fish, this competition sounds like the holy grail in bass fishing and I could see someone trying to cheat. A lie detector levels the playing field and ensures the authenticity of any winning catch.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:13 AM
My only complaint would be that lie detectors are about as trust-worthy as a palm-reader or crystal ball. They're 50/50 on being right, because it just isn't based on any form of actual science or reality. It relies on the operator to be able to read you more than the machine -- which is slightly better, but it's still putting far too much power in the hands of someone who could just say literally anything and be taken at face value.
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Risks of ‘Brain Damage’ associated with long-term exposure to air pollution – Harvard study says

Risks of ‘Brain Damage’ associated with long-term exposure to air pollution – Harvard study says | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Rob Duke's insight:

Environmental Justice?

Meagan Olsen's comment, April 28, 2015 12:23 AM
The fact that air pollution could have affects on the brain is a scary thought. Something will have to dramatically change in our environment if we wish to change the amount of air pollution in our world. I don’t think it is enough to affect people in an every day lifestyle, only people who are exposed to the pollution a lot and like the article said, the elderly.
Maddie Davis's comment, May 4, 2015 12:01 AM
– I think it’s really scary to think about how the air we breathe on a daily basis could have some serious effects on our health in the long run. I think of other cities or countries around the world that are way more populated than us, such as India and China, and their air pollution is probably way more extreme than ours, which is really sad and kind of scary.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:15 AM
I wonder if, in the future, there will be any form of legal proceedings against companies that deliberately do everything in their power to avoid changing how much pollution they put out; whether it be through legal loop-holes, or "purchasing" credits towards their pollution output. We KNOW pollution does nothing good for us -- and the negatives keep building up, but still major companies/corporations keep on keeping on. I realize business is about making money, but if you're not around to enjoy that wealth -- what's the motive?
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Legacy of Agent Orange

Legacy of Agent Orange | Criminology and Economic Theory |
As April 30 approaches, marking 40 years since the end of the Vietnam War, people in Vietnam with severe mental and physical disabilities still feel the lingering effects of Agent Orange.

Respiratory cancer and birth defects amongst both Vietnamese and U.S. veterans have been linked to exposure to the defoliant. The U.S. military sprayed millions of gallons of Agent Orange onto Vietnam's jungles during the conflict to expose northern communist troops.
Rob Duke's insight:

WCC and Comparative might find this interesting.

Rob Duke's comment, April 27, 2015 6:24 PM
Yes, and I wonder how the effects the culture. We saw a great outpouring of peacemaking post-nuclear Japan and I wonder how the Vietnamese have responded.
Meagan Olsen's comment, April 28, 2015 12:29 AM
4.8 million people in Vietnam have been exposed to the herbicide and over 3 million of them have been suffering from deadly diseases. The pictures that go with this article are incredible, they show how much the Agent Orange has continued to affect them even after the Vietnam War, which has been over for so long. Lots of the people in these photos have multiple noticeable defects all because of the Agent Orange that was sprayed during the war to try and hurt soldiers. The Agent spoiled their land still though and is still affecting the people who live there today.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:34 AM
The effects of Agent Orange are a tragedy beyond what words can describe. And I think it feels worse because there's not really anyone to blame -- no one intentionally sprayed that stuff realizing what it would do to the US Soldiers, the South Vietnamese, or even the North Vietnamese. It was just a very effective defoliant meant to be used to take away the hiding places of our enemy at the time. Worse atrocities have been committed in war -- and deliberately with the intent of harming humans, too -- but I think Agent Orange was deployed and its effects are still being felt at a point in our history as a species where we can see what's going on, understand why, and pinpoint the exact cause.
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India's Good Life Slowly Growing to Include Gays

India's Good Life Slowly Growing to Include Gays | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Several hundred men and women, waving rainbow flags, danced, stamped and sang their way through the city centres of Delhi, Bangalore and Kolkata (Calcutta) on June 29th—the first such national event in this conservative country. The parade was lent a uniquely Indian flavour by flamboyant cross-dressing hijras, known as eunuchs, although many modern hijras are gay men who feel alienated by mainstream society. Though hijras, once trusted courtiers of the Mughal emperors, have a well-established identity in India, gay men and women do not; indeed the practice of homosexuality is illegal, punishable with ten years' imprisonment.
Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 27, 2015 1:54 AM
Interesting how the view of the ‘good life’ from nation and culture to nation and culture can be different, but that over time, things can change, even dramatically to bring the different cultures closer together in some ways. In the past few years, several of my friends have come out of the closet, finally feeling that they no longer had to hide their sexual orientation from friends, family members, or even coworkers. As society changes and its values are opened to interpretation, we find that things formerly shunned may come to light as not nearly the evil they were portrayed as before. India rests under laws that are over 100 years old in this case. Criminalization of homosexual acts though, was still going on in the US until fairly recently as well. This is a case of another issue that will have to come to a head sooner or later. I hope that India finds a fair and equitable way to solve the legal dilemma without causing too much social upheaval too soon.
Rob Duke's comment, April 27, 2015 3:22 AM
John Gardner (Stanford) said that this was the strength of our system: we allowed insanity and weirdness to exist with very little harassment. Gardner thought this was why liberal systems, such as ours, always seemed to respond to changing times. What other systems ostracized and no longer had in their systems, we allowed to (if not flourish) exist on the edges.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:41 AM
I think Purcell's point on the 'good life' changing over-time is probably due in large part to the progress and globalization made possible by advancements in technology. I think within a couple hundred years (at most -- I'm probably over-estimating), instead of countries being different similarities, they'll be similar but with differences. The internet has made it possible for people in Saudi Arabia to converse with people in No Name, Arizona and learn more about the cultures of different peoples.
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Gunmen kill prominent female activist in Pakistan

Gunmen kill prominent female activist in Pakistan | Criminology and Economic Theory |
KARACHI, Pakistan - Gunmen on a motorcycle killed a prominent women's rights activist in Pakistan hours after she held a forum on the country's Baluchistan region, home to a long-running insurgency, police said Saturday.
Rob Duke's insight:

Contrast this story with the one last week about the first female lawyer in Saudi Arabia.  Say what you will about the Saudi's, but they don't have gunmen killing prominent "uppity" women.

Kyle May's comment, May 7, 2015 10:40 AM
It's sad that other places on this world do not have the luxury we have of freedom of speech. I know this is one of the many killings that have happened over there over someone's opinions due to my research for Comparative. Recently, two bloggers who were critical of Islam were murdered because of their views. It must be scary living over there and expressing what you think due to these murders, and I feel that these examples will silence others from having an opinion.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:44 AM
I think progress will likely always require some form of sacrifice. There was a LARGE number of beatings, lynchings, and worse done to both White and Black Americans during our Civil Rights movement. For the Gay Rights movement more recently, the sacrifice has been less of a physical one, and more of a mental/emotional one. In order to publicly combat that kind of discrimination, you have to first publicly admit that you're different. In this case over in parts of the middle-east, I can see progress slowly being made: I look at Jordan and see things like women becoming allowed to divorce their husbands; the age of marriage being bumped up to 18 for women and men; the rights for women to have a job written in their constitution.
James Greer's comment, May 11, 2015 3:45 AM
Things tend to get bad, before they get better -- man-kind is best at solving problems when they've allowed those problems to grow so large as to back them into a corner and FORCE them to change. For better or worse -- we eventually do the right things.
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Indonesia defiant as UN leads condemnation of looming executions | theSundaily

Indonesia defiant as UN leads condemnation of looming executions | theSundaily | Criminology and Economic Theory |
JAKARTA: Indonesia on Sunday signalled it was determined to push ahead with the execution of eight foreign drug convicts, despite a growing wave of global condemnation led by United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon.
Rob Duke's insight:

The story continues....will Jakarta fold?

Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 27, 2015 1:39 AM
In the United States, it has been long contended whether or not the death penalty acted as a deterrent. In most cases, the length of time before an execution happens can dull the fear-factor. Additionally, the death penalty in the U.S. is generally reserved for murder convictions, while it seems that in Indonesia, the penalty extends to drug trafficking. Though I’m generally not a proponent of the death penalty, I don’t feel that the origination nations of these criminals should have a say in what happens to their citizens on foreign soil where they knowingly and willfully broke the laws of that sovereign nation. Moreover, though I feel the death penalty ultimately is not an effective deterrent for murder, I can honestly see the application being much more deterring for drug trafficking. Despite this, I feel as I stated in a comment in the article ‘How Mississippi Discovered the Drug War’s “Golden Egg”, that the real focus should be more on the demand side and less on the supply side. Stronger sentences for buyers, more focus on treatment, an emphasis on killing the demand for illicit drugs will cause the supply market to fall apart.
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The Entire History of the World—Really, All of It—Distilled Into a Single Gorgeous Chart

This “Histomap,” created by John B. Sparks, was first printed by Rand McNally in 1931. (The David Rumsey Map Collection hosts a fully zoomable version here.)
Rob Duke's insight:

Best history of the world summary.  Wouldn't you love to understand each of these societies?

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The feds say one schmuck trading from his parents' house caused a market crash. Here's the problem.

The feds say one schmuck trading from his parents' house caused a market crash. Here's the problem. | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Federal regulators say that Navinder Singh Sarao, a 36-year-old British futures trader whose company was reportedly based in his parents' home, illegally placed huge sell orders he never intended to complete, artificially driving down the price of a key futures contract so he could later swoop in to buy it cheaply. (This is called "spoofing" in financial jargon.)
Rob Duke's insight:

Another type of white collar crime....

DERRICK NELSON's comment, April 27, 2015 4:29 AM
Wall street is the central area of vulnerability to white collar crimes. The system structure alone opens up the gate for potential entrepreneurs to scandalize investors. The attraction to try and monopolize the stock market is overwhelming.
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South Korea legalises adultery - The Malaysian Insider

South Korea legalises adultery - The Malaysian Insider | Criminology and Economic Theory |
South Korea's Constitutional Court on Thursday struck down a controversial adultery law which for more than 60 years had criminalised extra-marital sex and jailed violators for up to two years.

The nine-member bench ruled by seven to two that the 1953 statute aimed at protecting traditional family values was unconstitutional.

"Even if adultery should be condemned as immoral, state power should not intervene in individuals' private lives," said presiding justice Park Han-Chul.
Riley Landeis's comment, May 5, 2015 4:07 AM
A man or a woman should be able to do what they want, if you aren't happy and you cheat, so what? It's nobody's business but their own. Good on SK for legalizing it.
Maddie Davis's comment, May 6, 2015 6:15 AM
I find it very interesting that South Korea made this illegal in the first place. I definitely agree with what the article says about how adultery is an issue that should be dealt with by the couple themselves and not the law. What people do with their personal sex lives is nobody’s business but their own. The law shouldn’t have power over something like that, even though yes, to most people it is a bad thing.
Kyle May's comment, May 7, 2015 10:45 AM
I agree with Riley, that if a man or women wants to have an affair - they should be allowed. No laws will ever hold back peoples lust, and to be punished for it by the government is sort of crazy. It's not something the government should have control over, and should remain for the citizens to make their own opinions or 'rules' regarding it.
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The lesser-spotted worry

The lesser-spotted worry | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The official Crime Survey of England and Wales—which, contrary to what newspapers and opposition politicians say, does not lie—shows that crime has fallen to its lowest rate since 1981. Voters continue to tell pollsters that lawlessness must be going up. But they appear not to believe themselves.
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Oil industry whistleblower Hamel, subject of industry spy campaign, dead at 84

Oil industry whistleblower Hamel, subject of industry spy campaign, dead at 84 | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Hamel, a former aide to Alaska Sen. Mike Gravel in the 1970s, became a conduit for industry workers and contractors who saw rule-breaking and environmental contamination on the North Slope and Valdez but would not complain to supervisors for fear of retaliation. Hamel would present the complaints to state and federal regulators or tip off his many media contacts, often without revealing his sources, friends said. 
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SciCheck: Is marijuana really a 'gateway' drug? -

SciCheck: Is marijuana really a 'gateway' drug? - | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Chris Christie said that marijuana is a “gateway drug” while arguing for enforcement of its federal status as an illegal substance.
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