Criminology and Economic Theory
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Criminology and Economic Theory
In search of viable criminological theory
Curated by Rob Duke
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Alleged Planner of Kendra Hatcher Murder Plot Arrested in Mexico

Alleged Planner of Kendra Hatcher Murder Plot Arrested in Mexico | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Delgado is being held pending legal proceedings to extradite her to the U.S., Mexico's attorney general's office said. The FBI offered a reward of $100,000 for information leading to Delgado's arrest.
Miranda Kay Grieser's comment, April 9, 2016 6:53 PM
: I find it super interesting that Cortes is being charged with capital murder when she was only the getaway driver in this situation. I know that someone was murdered in this, but Cortes isn’t the one who actually murdered Kendra, she just drove the murderer. This frustrates me because we don’t know the real story behind why Cortes drove, maybe she had no choice because Delgado was threatening to kill her too.
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How the UT Austin Murder Investigation Unfolded

How the UT Austin Murder Investigation Unfolded | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The suspect in the murder of 18-year-old University of Texas at Austin student Haruka Weiser was arrested Friday, with the help from tips witnesses called into police.

Weiser was found dead in Waller Creek on Tuesday, April 5, the victim of assault, after disappearing two days earlier and Meechaiel Criner, 17 was taken into custody on first-degree felony murder charges. Details about the cause of death or motive were not immediately available.

Here is a timeline of how the events unfolded, according to the arrest affidavit, which cites details of the police investigation, interviews with witnesses and descriptions of surveillance footage.
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Together We Can Put a Stop to High-Tech Racial Profiling

Together We Can Put a Stop to High-Tech Racial Profiling | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Discriminatory government surveillance is nothing new. As many people know all too well, American law enforcement has a long history of spying on and racially profiling communities of color. This week, we’re attending the “Color of Surveillance” conference in Washington, D.C., meeting leaders and activists from across the country who are shining a light on discriminatory surveillance.

When technology advances, the tools of surveillance change but the color of surveillance remains the same. Here in California, we’re seeing communities fighting back against the secretive purchase and unaccountable use of surveillance technologies like Stingrays, license plate readers, and social media surveillance software.

In Fresno last year, an ACLU of California records request revealed that the police had secretly acquired and tested multiple social media surveillance tools that encouraged surveillance of hashtags like #BlackLivesMatter, #dontshoot, and #wewantjustice and assigned individuals a “threat level.” This revelation sparked nationwide press attention and local activists such as Faith in Community pushed for change. This pressure forced the police to apologize and dismantle the harmful program.

In Santa Clara County, county officials refused to sign off on the purchase of a Stingray, a cell phone surveillance device that collects the location and identifying information of surveillance targets and bystanders alike. The county rejected the proposal following its discovery by community members, who alerted the Board of Supervisors about the plans and raised concerns. In an effort to prevent future secret purchases of surveillance technology, the Board introduced and is debating a comprehensive surveillance reform ordinance.

In San Jose, the police purchased a drone without looping in the public, hiding the purchase plans at the end of a long city council budget proposal. After the purchase came to light, we joined local activists from CAIR and the Coalition for Justice and Accountability to demand public hearings, which forced the police to apologize and place the plans on hold while it hosted town hall meetings.

In Oakland, local activists uncovered plans for the massive Domain Awareness Center, which would have connected surveillance feeds from across the city into one sophisticated monitoring center. After privacy activists, religious leaders, and the ACLU raised concerns about racial and religious profiling, the City Council rolled back the project, gave residents control over its privacy policy, and created a privacy committee that will now write a comprehensive surveillance ordinance for the city.

The ACLU of California is working with community groups up and down the state to speak out against discriminatory surveillance and its effect on people of color, activists, and the poor. Our guide, Smart About Surveillance: A Guide for Community Transparency, Accountability, and Oversight, is meant to be a useful resource for people who want to stop high-tech racial profiling and make sure community voices are heard when decisions about surveillance technologies are being made.
Rob Duke's insight:
Maybe we should just have cops respond from the station like fire fighters.  We could get some of those plush recliners and big screen TV's, & outfit our stations with gourmet kitchens.  We'd get rid of the patrol cars and just get a few suburbans, because we don't need to patrol or chase anyone, we'll just all ride together to the crime scenes where we'll interview survivors and collect evidence.  Once we've solved the case, the courts can issue warrants and the bad guys will surely turn themselves in....yeah, that'll work.  
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:16 PM
It seems to me like cops using social media, information publicly given out on the internet, and drones for warranted surveillance, is not a problem. I don't understand really the conflict here, I don't think there's really a racial problem so much as there is a violence problem. The black lives matter groups have been pretty obviously violent in the last little while, and if the cops are watching for it, then I still don't see the problem. Let the people protest, yes, peacefully assemble and all, but the violence accompanied I think warrants some investigation on the low level scale also.
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The secretive and morally dubious world of shell companies

The secretive and morally dubious world of shell companies | Criminology and Economic Theory |
UNLIKE a regular company, which will have employees, assets and operations, a shell company is a hollow structure, set up for the purposes of performing financial manoeuvres rather than selling goods or services. The uses of such vehicles range from the benign to the nefarious. Those looking to do something dodgy with their shell companies prize anonymity above all. The level of secrecy on offer varies from country to country. The legal frameworks of certain offshore centres make ownership devilishly difficult to penetrate. Among these is Panama, the focus of the latest scandal over leaked documents. But the strongest secrecy is, arguably, to be found onshore, in the United States, where the agents who incorporate firms aren't even required to collect information on the identity of the ultimate "beneficial" owner (the person to whom the company really belongs, as opposed to the registered holder, who can be a nominee or even another company).
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Biker Records 140-MPH Chase With Cops, Posts To YouTube, Gets Arrested

Biker Records 140-MPH Chase With Cops, Posts To YouTube, Gets Arrested | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Parsippany, NJ - Police tried stopping motorcyclist for popping a wheelie, ends up being charged four months later.
Wyatt Duncan's comment, April 10, 2016 9:06 PM
This individual should have been charged with every traffic violations, red lights...etc... And something along the lines of endangering the public, or criminal negligence. What a fool to post about it too.
Trevor Norris's comment, April 10, 2016 9:07 PM
I hope they throw the book at him for this. It's great to see people in the community were able to help the police catch this guy.
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:22 PM
This is so dumb. What a fool, I can't believe that someone would post something like this, of them engaging in activities so obviously illegal. I hope he gets charged for every little thing that they can find on this case, this idiot needs to be taught a lesson, and have his bike taken away.
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People who correct your typos are probably jerks, according this study

People who correct your typos are probably jerks, according this study | Criminology and Economic Theory |
According to a new study from the University of Michigan, that grammar-Nazi quality may actually be a pretty good proxy for a person's level of agreeableness overall. This flies in the face of conventional thinking among linguists, the authors write, since many academics tend to see so-called grammar police as just a few ornery apples.
Rob Duke's insight:
Just for fun....
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:25 PM
Ha, this makes a lot of sense, and doesn't surprise me much. I'm glad that there are people interested in these kinds of studies, I hope that more interesting findings like this come about in the near future.
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Kenya’s deputy president gets off scot-free

Kenya’s deputy president gets off scot-free | Criminology and Economic Theory |
For the ICC, the decision is a blow, though not unexpected. The court has long annoyed African politicians, some of whom accuse it of disproportionately targeting their continent. Nine out of ten sets of cases where there are indictees are African, though most of them were referred to the court by African governments themselves. In January Kenya put forward a proposal to other African Union states to pull out of the court entirely. The failure to convict Mr Ruto suggests that the court can easily be frustrated when governments do not want to co-operate. In June, South Africa failed to arrest Omar al-Bashir, Sudan’s president, who was on South African soil and is wanted on charges of war crimes and genocide.

For the moment, several trials continue, but most of them involve former politicians, not current ones. One example is the trial of Laurent Gbagbo, the ex-president of Ivory Coast, who started—and lost—a short war to stay in power when he lost an election in 2010. African despots who have lost power may still have reason to fear it. But for those who stay in, the court is beginning to look much less threatening.
Charles Marble's comment, April 7, 2016 6:42 AM
Witnesses disappearing? Witnesses recanting? All during the trial of someone that is part of a violent regime and is accused of killing so many people? Move along, there is nothing questionable about anything reported here. Mr. Ruto is obviously misunderstood and there has been a tragic error in judgment to bring him to trial in the first place.
Charles Marble's comment, April 7, 2016 6:44 AM
Seriously, why even try this guy in court if there is not rock solid evidence in the first place. Time and time again, the justice system does not display much common sense verdicts, but who's fault is that? Build a rock solid case and nail this guy. And don't let them intimidate the witnesses. You have got to know that is one of their plays.
Raquel Young's comment, April 12, 2016 6:00 AM
Wow, this is ridiculous, but like Charles states they should get a rock solid case and get him not mess around.
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German prison or Disneyland?

German prison or Disneyland? | Criminology and Economic Theory |
After watching a 60 Minutes story on the German prison system, one viewer tweeted, "Sounds exactly like Disneyland"
pdeppisch's comment, April 6, 2016 2:46 PM
Oh - I was born in Hamburg and now live in Canada. :)
Trevor Norris's comment, April 8, 2016 4:50 AM
As much as it may seem like easy going for German prisoners, Germany actually has a fairly successful correctional system, as compared to the US in terms of recidivism. Also "pdeppisch", what did religion have to do with this article? If you're referring to people that want others held accountable for their actions as "Old Testament Christians", I guess I would fall into that category.
pdeppisch's comment, April 8, 2016 12:19 PM
Why does the USA have the prison system it has? I would say it is cultural and religion is part of culture. Just my opinion that culture matters a lot on how a people get treated - in or out of prison.
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WARNING GRAPHIC: New video released of Twin Peaks biker gang shooting

WARNING GRAPHIC: New video released of Twin Peaks biker gang shooting | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Stubbs said after he analyzed independent witness statements and the videos, he concluded 70 members of the Cossacks surrounded seven Bandidos who had just arrived to the restaurant on May 17, 2015. He claims the Cossacks started the fight, firing the first two shots.

Stubbs who represented the Bandidos in the past and drafted a press release on their behalf after the Twin Peaks shooting said he doesn't have a bias in this case.
Allison Sartori's comment, April 7, 2016 11:32 PM
I have to agree that not everyone present should be charged since it is clearly obvious from the video that some of the individuals just arrived and were running from the scene and trying to get away. I am all for charging the individuals that were involved and committed a crime, but since when is it a crime to run from danger.
Trevor Norris's comment, April 8, 2016 4:54 AM
I don't know what Texas laws are exactly, but some laws have been created, like in Alaska, to stop gang violence or the participation in gangs. In Alaska, you can be charged with Second Degree Murder if someone in your gang kills someone while you are present. This may be why some are being brought up on charges, but like I said I don't know the details about Texas laws in relation to gang violence.
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The significations of his words: worth the wait? 350 years later--a critique of Hobbes' Leviathon

The significations of his words: worth the wait? 350 years later--a critique of Hobbes' Leviathon | Criminology and Economic Theory |

"Hobbes’s early reputation fared better on the continent. But at home some people said that the Great Fire of London in 1666, and an outbreak of bubonic plague a year earlier—Daniel Defoe’s “Plague Year”—was God’s way of punishing England for tolerating such an impious wretch. A few weeks after the fire a parliamentary committee started to look into “such books as tend to Atheism”, particularly Hobbes’s best-known treatise, “Leviathan”. He was told that some bishops wanted him dead. Understandably, he destroyed many of his private papers, which is one reason why the life and work of Hobbes has long been such a tricky subject for scholars. But things are looking up for the Monster, thanks to the labours of Noel Malcolm, a polymath at All Souls College, Oxford, and a former journalist and commentator. In the 1990s Dr Malcolm transformed the study of Hobbes by assembling and annotating his surviving correspondence. Dr Malcolm seems to have read, and judiciously assessed, everything that may be relevant to everything that may be relevant (this includes graveyard inscriptions, so it can fairly be said that he leaves no stone unturned). He has now published the first fully critical edition of “Leviathan”, including the different, and shorter, Latin version, which Hobbes published some 17 years after the English text that anglophone students of politics study to this day. Anyone who wonders why Hobbes used the name of a biblical sea-beast that was traditionally identified with the devil to refer to the state, or commonwealth, “to which…we owe our peace and defence”, will find the obscure but likeliest solution to this puzzle, and others, uncovered here.

How did Hobbes make so many enemies? Even aside from his politics, of which more later, there was plenty of provocation in his writings. There were tirades against Aristotle and scholasticism, aimed at the universities. There were attacks on theologians, who, Hobbes maintained, claimed to know more about God than mortal minds could discover. There was an account of psychology that was taken to show man as irredeemably selfish. Hobbes also lobbied for a reduction in the power of the churches. He held that religious disputes should be adjudicated by the sovereign of each country, which is one reason why he excoriated Catholicism, a transnational religion. (Hobbes’s own father was a cleric, as it happens: a semi-literate drunk, who was obliged to disappear when Hobbes was a boy, after beating up another clergyman in a churchyard.)

Above all, though, it was Hobbes’s scientific materialism that rendered him an anathema. Like Descartes, and other devotees of the “new philosophy” pioneered by Galileo, Hobbes regarded nature as a machine. But he took this idea further than anyone else and maintained that absolutely everything is physical. There are no immaterial spirits: man’s immortality begins with the resurrection of his body. And God himself is a physical being. This is what made Hobbes an “atheist” to practically everyone except himself. For most of history an “atheist” was a man who worshipped the wrong God, not no God at all; a physical God, as imagined by Hobbes, was not really God.

Hobbes’s idea is one of the rarest heresies in the history of Christianity. Some have claimed that Tertullian, one of the Latin Fathers of the Church, believed it. But the idea was abhorrent to all denominations until the 19th century, when the new American religion of Mormonism adopted it. Like Hobbes, Mormons maintain that the Bible means what it says in the passages that describe man as made in God’s image.... 

A modern materialism, as opposed to the ancient materialism of Democritus, was one of Hobbes’s two main philosophical innovations. The other was a novel way to see government: Hobbes’s method in political philosophy was the opposite of Utopianism. Instead of describing an ideal society, as Plato does in “The Republic”, Hobbes starts by imagining the horrors of a lawless world, where everyone is left to fend for themselves. The result, as he famously wrote, would be “continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.” To avoid this result, man must cede his natural right of self-defence, and much else, to a sovereign authority with very broad powers, preferably an absolute monarch. Anything less leads to hellish consequences.

Hobbes lived through England’s civil wars, and several wars of religion on the continent. Did these terrifying times prompt him to offer a cure that was worse than the disease? That is the gist of some virtuoso invective by Hugh Trevor-Roper, a British historian who died in 2003. Trevor-Roper, later Lord Dacre, summed up “Leviathan” curtly: “The axiom, fear; the method, logic; the conclusion, despotism.”

Hobbes would probably have acknowledged the first part: he admitted to being a fearful type. His mother was frightened into labour by the rumoured approach of the Spanish Armada, leading Hobbes to quip that she “Did bring forth Twins at once, both Me, and Fear.” Logic? He is guilty as charged. His provocative reasoning on a host of topics kick-started modern British philosophy. As for despotism, that is a hard question. Dr Malcolm’s edition of “Leviathan” may help readers to decide if that is a fair description of what the Monster had in mind.

pdeppisch's comment, April 5, 2016 4:03 PM
Thanks for this. Hobbes is my favourite philosopher these days. It used to be Nietzsche!
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Denying Housing Over Criminal Record May Be Discrimination, Feds Say

Denying Housing Over Criminal Record May Be Discrimination, Feds Say | Criminology and Economic Theory |
New guidance released by the Department of Housing and Urban Development warns landlords that they may be breaking the law by turning down tenants based on their criminal records.
Rob Duke's insight:
What do you think about this extension of law?
Mary Dombroski's comment, April 11, 2016 9:00 PM
I can see this debate from both sides of the table. Like Christa noted, you cannot expect someone to become a productive member of society when they can't even find a roof to have over their head. On the flip side, I also understand being a landlord and perhaps not trusting some individuals that hold records. I think it's a case by case basis, but decent tenants are hard enough to find sometimes. If they're intentionally discriminating however, or just looking at anything on a record as reasoning to not let them live there, then that's another. For example, the poor guy in this article. He had been out of prison for 20 years for a crime he committed in his 20's and he can't rent a trailer? To me that's a bit absurd. We all need to somehow meet in the middle if would like to keep offenders from re-offending.
Raquel Young's comment, April 12, 2016 6:15 AM
This is a hard one I think that we need to give them a chance after they do get out like the guy in the article had been out for 20 years thats crazy. We should want to keep people off the streets and not making it to where they will commit more crimes. I can see how a land lord would not want someone with a record but also you never know what they have done and it being 20 years ago also a person can change and for the better.
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:30 PM
I think it was just said above, but I'll put my own words on it. I think it'll be really hard for someone to turn their life around, get out of crime, and all that, if they have trouble finding a place to live. On the other hand, on the side of the business owners, I think they have a right to know who they house in their buildings. They have a right to know what possible danger they're putting their property, and the lives of the rest of the tenants in, and they should be able to say no. I can see that there would then lead to good and bad neighborhoods, apartment buildings that take in former criminals, maybe being cheaper and not as well death with, negative associations and what not, but that might just be the way things go. If you don't want to associate with criminals, or be labeled as a criminal, don't break the law and partake in criminal acts.
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Killer of New York's Kitty Genovese Dies in Prison at Age 81

A man convicted of the 1964 stabbing death of Kitty Genovese in a crime that came to symbolize urban decay and indifference has died in prison at age 81.

Winston Moseley died on March 28 at the Clinton Correctional Facility in Dannemora, state prisons spokesman Thomas Mailey said. An autopsy will try to determine the cause of Moseley's death.

Genovese was a 28-year-old bar manager. Her killing caused an outcry after reports that neighbors saw the attack and heard her screams but did not try to help her. Details of the accounts were challenged, but the crime spurred the adoption of the 911 system and Good Samaritan laws.

Moseley spent more than 50 years in prison and was one of the state's longest-serving inmates. He was denied parole 18 times, the last time in 2015. His prison mates included David Sweat and Richard Matt, who cut their way out of the maximum-security facility last year. A massive three-week manhunt ended with Matt killed and Sweat captured.
Rob Duke's insight:
The crime that spurred us on to create the 9-1-1 system.
Barbara Michael's comment, April 5, 2016 1:55 AM
It sounds like Ms. Genovese's death probably saved many others over the years with the changes that came afterwards. As for Moseley, "I know that I did some terrible things, and I've tried very hard to atone for those things in prison. I think almost 50 years of paying for those crimes is enough." I don't think he is a very good judge of how much time is enough considering that he raped a woman after breaking out of prison in 1968. Also, he apparently confessed to two other murders but was never charged with them. I'd say life in prison was right for him.
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Calif. and N.Y. are getting a $15 minimum wage. Here’s how much that buys everywhere else.

Calif. and N.Y. are getting a $15 minimum wage. Here’s how much that buys everywhere else. | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The wage hikes have prompted a lot of discussion about the appropriate minimum-wage level, but such debate often ignores critical differences in the purchasing power of the dollar among states and cities: A dollar in California or New York just does not go as far as it does in many other states.

We know that thanks to a relatively new federal measure unveiled just three years ago by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

The BEA's Regional Price Parity indicator tracks the purchasing power across states and cities. It is based in part on the Consumer Price Index, a national measure of inflation that tracks the prices of goods and services in more than 200 categories — items as wide-ranging as cereal and milk, rent, chicken, shirts, jewelry, college tuition, wine and funeral expenses.

What the data show is that $15 in California buys much less than it would in most other states. That's because prices in California are among the highest in the nation, as of 2013, the most recent year for which data is available.
Rob Duke's insight:
I made $2.65 an hour min. wage when I started working in California in 1980....
Dorothy Retha Cook's curator insight, April 5, 2016 9:13 AM
I made $2.65 an hour min. wage when I started working in California in 1980....
Thomas Antal's comment, April 14, 2016 11:18 PM
The wage hike will only result in a decrease in jobs. Companies will be unable to maintain the worker to business ratio with higher wages.
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:34 PM
I agree with Thomas, I think any form of minimum wage cuts in on the competitive nature of the market, and shouldn't be law. Minimum wage isn't meant to be livable wage, and the jobs paying it aren't meant to be lifetime careers, if someone wants more out of life I think then they ought to be more in life, not expect more.
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Why I refuse to send people to jail for failure to pay fines

Why I refuse to send people to jail for failure to pay fines | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Many judges continue to jail defendants who don't have the money. Here are the alternatives.
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A Texas man is due to die because he's black

A Texas man is due to die because he's black | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Duane Buck was convicted in 1997 of murdering his ex-girlfriend and a male friend. After a Texas jury determined that he was likely to pose a continuing danger
Miranda Kay Grieser's comment, April 9, 2016 7:03 PM
I think this super childish to be posting an article that say that this man is being sentenced to death because he’s black. This is a great example of biased news because this man clearly is being charged with murder, but the news is exploiting as if this man is being charged the death penalty only because he is black. That is what I thought when I first read this article headline, but then as I read the actual article, I realized that he was charged the death penalty for murder, not because he is black.
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:10 PM
When I read the title of the article I was immediately skeptical and disappointed. In reading a bit of it, finding out that the psychologist involved based some of the thought that he would kill again is based on his color, I'm disappointed in another way. He was convicted of killing two people, I think he deserves the death sentence. I don't think so because he's black, I think so because he murdered two people. I think the title of the article was meant to force a reaction among the potential viewers of the article, or to get views. If the psychologist is a racist then that's horrible, and he shouldn't be trusted in life or death situations like this, but if there were other factors that went into his determination, like there were, then there still might be some merit with their words.
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The one percent always ate us alive: How human sacrifice led to our society’s gross inequality

The one percent always ate us alive: How human sacrifice led to our society’s gross inequality | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The analysis focused on 93 Austronesian cultures, meaning peoples who originated in Taiwan, later settling in Madagascar, Rapa Nui (Easter Island) the Pacific Islands and New Zealand. Researchers found that the more class stratification that existed in a society – elites on top, with the rest of the populace on the bottom – the more likely it was to engage in ritualistic killing. By employing “god-sanctioned” sacrifice – which entailed implicitly threatening the lives of many for supposed wrongdoing – the powerful helped frighten the masses into staying in proverbial line. Those at the top became, by proxy, gods among men and women, and they maintained those positions by doling out killings as they deemed necessary.
Jessica Obermiller's comment, April 12, 2016 12:49 AM
Human sacrifice has been around for a very, very long time. As an anthropologist who studies cultures, religion, and genocide I found this to be an interesting read. I've heard many Christians during my research express their dislike of human sacrifices but they don't look inward and see that their own doctrine uses Jesus as a human sacrifice. As an atheist, I find this very interesting. We have proof of the Mayans killing people on the steps of temples as a sacrifice and archaeological evidence through the years.
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Legal Experts Urge UN to Reject Drug Courts

Legal Experts Urge UN to Reject Drug Courts | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The U.S.-led war on drugs and U.S.-shaped international drug policies are being scrutinized and debated this month by governments from around the globe as the world’s countries prepare to gather in mid-April for the United Nations General Assembly Special Session, or UNGASS, to review the world’s drug control regime. It is the first such meeting in 18 years.

The good news is that there are signs that American leaders are beginning to question the wisdom of a four decade-old war on drugs that has caused more harm than good. Increasingly, elected officials and the public are condemning laws that marginalize, criminalize and incarcerate millions of U.S. citizens for using drugs – laws that have helped make the U.S. the world’s leading jailer and have caused particular harm to persons and communities of color.
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France makes paying for sex illegal

France makes paying for sex illegal | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The French National Assembly has outlawed the hiring of prostitutes. The offense now carries a fine of 1,500 euros ($1,700). Sex workers, on the other hand, will not face fines or jail for soliciting sex.
Jessica Obermiller's comment, April 12, 2016 12:53 AM
I think prostitution should be legal everywhere. If it is made legal, the men and women who are prostitutes would pay taxes and be required to have regular HIV/STD checks. As Wyatt above said, what is going to stop them from still doing it? Nothing will stop someone from doing what they want. Like if someone wants to die with dignity and they live in one of the MANY states in America where it is not legal to have the aid of a physician, if they really want to die they will find a way to do it.
Raquel Young's comment, April 12, 2016 5:52 AM
This is always going to be a subject that either way is going to be taken in a good or bad way. Just like everyone is saying it was legal there would be more testing that they would need to do and that is also a good side to it but no matter what there is alway going to be an issue I think.
Liam Juhl's comment, April 16, 2016 10:17 PM
I know we've talked about this a bit before in class, I wonder what kind of impact it'll have on the french, I'm sure that we'll be able to learn from this ruling, and maybe better make decisions on how to govern here in America.
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Harvard discovers a few of its library books are bound in human flesh

Harvard discovers a few of its library books are bound in human flesh | Criminology and Economic Theory |
A few years ago, three separate books were discovered in Harvard University's library that had particularly strange-looking leather covers.
Rob Duke's insight:
And, now from the creepy department....
Trevor Norris's comment, April 10, 2016 9:13 PM
I don't think I ever could bring myself to handle or receive a book that was bound with the skin of one of my friends.
Jessica Obermiller's comment, April 12, 2016 12:54 AM
That is amazing! (Once again, I'm an anthropologist so we think that way lol)
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Humans turned on by robots—study

Humans turned on by robots—study | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Humans don’t view robots simply as machines, but rather feel an emotional connection with them, a study has found.

Researchers at Stanford University found that humans were “emotionally aroused” when asked to touch a humanoid robot in its “inaccessible” regions.

Ten human volunteers responded to commands from an Aldebaran Robotics Nao robot, such as “please touch my buttocks.” A sensor worn on the hand of the participants measured skin conductance, revealing that physiological and emotional arousal took place when such tasks were performed.
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In Southeast LA, your front yard might be a toxic waste site

In Southeast LA, your front yard might be a toxic waste site | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Residents in East Los Angeles have had daily exposure to hazardous waste for decades. Some soil lead readings suggest that children who play in a Boyle Heights front yard frolic on top of what is, essentially, a hazardous waste site.
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Bill Allen can't be prosecuted by the state, the Justice Dept. says

Bill Allen can't be prosecuted by the state, the Justice Dept. says | Criminology and Economic Theory |
In her letter to Richards, Lynch wrote that “we continue to conclude it would be inappropriate — and that it would undermine the administration of justice — to cross-designate state prosecutors as federal prosecutors to investigate and prosecute this matter after the department has already determined it did not meet the principles of federal prosecution.”

She added that her department’s decision not to prosecute Allen was not based on “any non-prosecution promise, or agreement between the government and Mr. Allen,” contradicting speculation by some Alaskans that Allen had been offered immunity in exchange for his cooperation with the case against the late U.S. Sen. Ted Stevens.

Anchorage Police detectives said the federal Mann Act, which bars interstate transportation of a person for prostitution, was the only appropriate tool to prosecute Allen, not state law. A witness said she was working as an underage prostitute in Spenard when Bill Allen first picked her up. She said she told him her age. She said he later paid to fly her from Washington state, where she had moved, to Anchorage, for sex visits at an Anchorage hotel.

A federal prosecutor had agreed with the Anchorage detectives that prosecution was justified, but was overruled by his superiors. State prosecutors can't use federal law unless they're deputized, or “cross-designated,” by the Justice Department. U.S. Sen. Dan Sullivan, R-Alaska, recently amended the Mann Act to force the department to provide a “detailed reason” for rejecting a cross-designation request.
Rob Duke's insight:
Once upon a time....and, justice for all....
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The Policy That Could All But Eliminate Achievement Gaps Between Rich And Poor Students

The Policy That Could All But Eliminate Achievement Gaps Between Rich And Poor Students | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Low-income students could gain more than five months of additional reading skills by attending a high-quality preschool, according to the analysis, which would reduct their learning gap by 41 percent. Black children could nearly close their achievement gap in reading by gaining nearly seven months of learning, and Hispanic children could completely catch up to white students in reading skills before kindergarten. Results were similar for math.
Patrick Nestor's comment, April 12, 2016 6:14 AM
I'm not sure why this is coming as a surprise to anyone. It stands to reason that children who receive the same types and amounts of education would have similar test scores, while those with less would not score as well.
Education Gap's curator insight, April 12, 2016 2:12 PM
High quality preschools could reduct the learning gap of low-income students by 41%. 


I think that it is interesting that this article addresses that parents may feel stigmatized if they were to send their kids to a program designed for disadvantaged students because a lot of research and proposals are conducted without considering the impact on the child's family. 

Amy Argenal's comment, April 28, 2016 10:23 AM
There was another study I believe in Tennessee or Kentucky that looked at the role of early childhood education as well.
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Valley debates vigilante justice after homeowner shoots fleeing suspect

Valley debates vigilante justice after homeowner shoots fleeing suspect | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Mat-Su school board and state parole board member Richard “Ole” Larson shot a man who crossed his Wasilla-area property trying to escape arrest last week.

Now Larson, 63, a longtime Department of Corrections official who once served as superintendent of Mat-Su Pretrial Facility, is at the center of a public debate about taking justice into one’s own hands.

Wasilla man fleeing troopers confronted and shot by homeowner he shoved
Larson shot 24-year-old Codey Tallman after Tallman ran onto Larson’s property during a hectic attempt to elude Alaska State Troopers last Wednesday afternoon in a residential neighborhood off Bogard Road, court documents show.

Tallman, a purported heroin user whose pickup was found after the chase to contain hypodermic needles, remains jailed at Mat-Su Pretrial. He was arrested on felony charges of drug possession and reckless driving, along with misdemeanor charges of driving under the influence, assault, reckless endangerment and failing to stop for a school bus.
Charles Marble's comment, April 7, 2016 6:06 AM
The use of the word "vigilante" in this headline seems to be more for garnering interest and does not really fit the definition. Tallman was trespassing on property in a residential neighborhood, and when confronted, he assaulted Larson several times by pushing him down. Tallman was given fair warning to stop, but even after Larson pulled out his weapon to defend himself, Tallman tries to attack Larson yet again. Glasses or not, a torso seems easier to hit than a leg, so either Larson is a lucky bad shot or he purposely did not try to hit Tallman in the chest to kill him. I would not be surprised if Tallman has some type of lawsuit to be had against Larson for shooting him. While Justice may be blind, it sure seems more and more that it "scales" are tipping ever so slightly in favor of the criminal.
Trevor Norris's comment, April 8, 2016 5:03 AM
Charles Marble, I definitely have to agree with your view on the word "vigilante". Larson did not appear to seek out justice or represent himself as a law enforcement officer without legal authority. Tallman trespassed on his property, assaulted him, and was lucky to leave alive, after being told to stop and endangering the lives of children beforehand. This business about "vigilante justice" seems unfounded to me. It will definitely be interesting to see if Tallman will file a lawsuit.
mlsoden's comment, April 11, 2016 12:54 PM
While I have some reservations about the facts of this case, the homeowner inserted himself into this situation far more than I think he should have; there are greater issues than just this particular case. When a society places more emphasis on the rights and needs of those who violate its laws there is a problem. We seem to be focusing too much treating criminals in a manner that preserves their belief that they are a unique and beautiful creature. We make sure that they don’t have any harsh or hurtful repercussions for their lawless behavior, we worry that we are putting them in prison for too long, or that we are being too harsh in our punishment of them. Why are we not spending more time and money on protecting the law abiding citizens? Why won’t our legislators allocate more money for law enforcement? Why are all of our police agencies operating below staff and with a minimal amount of money? Maybe if we paid police officers the way we pay other professions then we would have adequate staffing to conduct pro-active patrols and programs to try and curb these property crimes rather than coming in after the fact and picking up the pieces. Politicians and chiefs and heads of agencies like to talk about community policing and making an impact but when it comes time to put up the money to do it they balk and try to make do with less. When you try to do more with less, you end up doing less.
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$20 Billion BP Oil Spill Settlement Gets Final Approval

$20 Billion BP Oil Spill Settlement Gets Final Approval | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The settlement, first announced in July, includes $5.5 billion in civil Clean Water Act penalties and billions more to cover environmental damage and other claims by the five Gulf states and local governments. The money is to be paid out over a 16-year period.

Barbier had set the stage for the settlement with an earlier ruling that BP had been “grossly negligent” in the offshore rig explosion that killed 11 workers and caused a 134- million-gallon spill.
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