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Criminology and Economic Theory
In search of viable criminological theory
Curated by Rob Duke
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The three types of unemployment

The three types of unemployment | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
DURING the recent downturn, the unemployment rate in America jumped from 4.4% to 10%. Economic growth has since pepped up. But unemployment is nowhere near...
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Texas father accused of fatally shooting DUI driver who killed his sons

Texas father accused of fatally shooting DUI driver who killed his sons | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
David Barajas denies killing a drunk driver in a fit of rage after his two sons were fatally struck in 2012 on a rural road in Southeast Texas.
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Study: US is an oligarchy, not a democracy

Study: US is an oligarchy, not a democracy | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

"The US is dominated by a rich and powerful elite.

So concludes a recent study by Princeton University Prof Martin Gilens and Northwestern University Prof Benjamin I Page.

This is not news, you say.

Perhaps, but the two professors have conducted exhaustive research to try to present data-driven support for this conclusion. Here's how they explain it:

Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organised groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on US government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence.

In English: the wealthy few move policy, while the average American has little power.

The two professors came to this conclusion after reviewing answers to 1,779 survey questions asked between 1981 and 2002 on public policy issues. They broke the responses down by income level, and then determined how often certain income levels and organised interest groups saw their policy preferences enacted."


Via pdeppisch, Jocelyn Stoller
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Falling in Love Again: The Truly Amazing History, Marketing, and Wide Legal Use of Today's Most "Dangerous" Drugs

Falling in Love Again: The Truly Amazing History, Marketing, and Wide Legal Use of Today's Most "Dangerous" Drugs | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A brief history of psychoactive drugs
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Another turn of the screw

Another turn of the screw | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
“I DO not understand China’s laws.” So declared Peter Humphrey, a British corporate investigator working in China, to a court in Shanghai on August 8th when...
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Clearing the Path Ahead: One Step Towards Improving Reentry in California | PublicCEO

Clearing the Path Ahead: One Step Towards Improving Reentry in California | PublicCEO | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
By Aaron Juchau. Last month, California passed a $156.4 billion budget, which included a provision thatlifts the lifetime ban on CalWORKS (welfare) and CalFresh (food stamps) for people with felony drug convictions. This victory for criminal justice and drug policy reform comes amid the growing national sentiment that compassion and treatment are better approaches to drug issues in society than incarceration. While the consensus ...
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Could Candy Help Alleviate Alcohol Dependence?

Could Candy Help Alleviate Alcohol Dependence? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Carbohydrates might take the edge off painful moods.
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Why Life in America Can Literally Drive You Insane

Why Life in America Can Literally Drive You Insane | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
It's not just Big Pharma.
Rob Duke's insight:

while none of us would volunteer to "go back" to life without modern convenience, we sure do have a love-hate relationship with modernity.  Why do we feel so alienated?

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Can a phone app tell you whether you're legally drunk?

Can a phone app tell you whether you're legally drunk? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
More and more people are buying portable devices to test blood alcohol level. They're small enough to fit in your pocket, and affordable,...
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Abigail Hernandez Suffered 'Unspeakable Violence' During Time In Captivity, Family Says

Abigail Hernandez Suffered 'Unspeakable Violence' During Time In Captivity, Family Says | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The family of Abigail Hernandez, the New Hampshire teen who went missing for nine months, said she suffered “numerous acts of unspeakable violence” during her time in captivity.
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The Hidden Ways Urban Design Segregates The Poor

The Hidden Ways Urban Design Segregates The Poor | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
There's a name for uncomfortable benches, hard-to-reach parks, and ubiquitous surveillance: disciplinary architecture.

Via Anita Woodruff, Jocelyn Stoller
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Montana Lee Nolan's comment, August 18, 2014 11:09 PM
It’s sad to think about how much effort has been put into architecture and design with the intent of pushing away the homeless and “less desired” low income segment of our population. All of this effort could have been used towards helping these homeless and lower income people of our country by finding them housing, starting jobs, health care, etc. These designs are only positively affecting the appearance of more well off neighborhoods, making them seem even more “desirable”. It might be keeping crime rates down in these neighborhoods, but it is also pushing those crime rates into other less “nourished” neighborhoods that are already facing bad crime and hard times. Besides the irritating design of inconvenient bus stops, benches, and public areas, the whole idea of “Poor Doors” also boggled my mind. This separating of entrances is unnecessary segregation. (The opening paragraph intrigued me to read more about “Poor Doors”, so I followed that link and read more on the subject). This method of hiding the affordable housing inhabitants is disgusting and degrading. There are other, as well as better-off and well-mannered ways, to provide affordable housing, that doesn't make its inhabitants feel unworthy.
Montana Lee Nolan's curator insight, August 18, 2014 11:10 PM

It’s sad to think about how much effort has been put into architecture and design with the intent of pushing away the homeless and “less desired” low income segment of our population.  All of this effort could have been used towards helping these homeless and lower income people of our country by finding them housing, starting jobs, health care, etc.  These designs are only positively affecting the appearance of more well off neighborhoods, making them seem even more “desirable”.  It might be keeping crime rates down in these neighborhoods, but it is also pushing those crime rates into other less “nourished” neighborhoods that are already facing bad crime and hard times.  Besides the irritating design of inconvenient bus stops, benches, and public areas, the whole idea of “Poor Doors” also boggled my mind.  This separating of entrances is unnecessary segregation.  (The opening paragraph intrigued me to read more about “Poor Doors”, so I followed that link and read more on the subject).  This method of hiding the affordable housing inhabitants is disgusting and degrading.  There are other, as well as better-off and well-mannered ways, to provide affordable housing, that doesn’t make its inhabitants feel unworthy.

Anita Woodruff's comment, August 19, 2014 12:25 AM
I agree, Montana. The political climate in this country is so ugly right now. At least we can bring these problems to light through social media and try to shame those who want to criminalize being poor.
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What 28-Years of Solitary Confinement Does to the Mind

What 28-Years of Solitary Confinement Does to the Mind | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
One Louisiana prisoner may get out of solitary confinement after nearly 30 years

Via Darcy Delaproser
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Explore old maps of US cities

Explore old maps of US cities | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

"This cool new historic mapping app from the folks at esri and the U.S. Geological Survey is worth exploring.  What it does is take 100 years of USGS maps and lets you overlay them for just about any location in the nation. That allows users to see how a city – say Harrisburg – developed between 1895 and today.  The library behind the project includes more than 178,000 maps dating from 1884 to 2006."


Via Seth Dixon
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PIRatE Lab's curator insight, August 13, 2014 12:25 PM

For more ESRI maps that let you explore urban environmental change, the 'spyglass' feature gives these gorgeous vintage maps a modern facelift (but not available for as many places). The cities that are in this set of interactive maps are: 

 

Chicago (1868)Denver (1879) Los Angeles (1880)Washington D.C.(1851)New York City (1836)San Francisco (1859)
Hongsheng Li's curator insight, August 14, 2014 12:40 AM
古今地图对比
Keegan Johns's curator insight, September 10, 2014 9:21 AM

This sounds like it would be really cool. I'm interested in being able to see how cities and roads have developed over  time. You can look at places where people might have migrated across the land. It amazes me that they have 178,000 old maps included in their library from 1884 to 2006..  

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Should we regulate poop as a drug?

Should we regulate poop as a drug? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The future of fecal transplants, and a bevy of entrepreneurs, hinges on how the FDA decides to regulate the procedure.
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Here’s a Terrible Idea: Robot Cars With Adjustable Ethics Settings | Autopia | WIRED

Here’s a Terrible Idea: Robot Cars With Adjustable Ethics Settings | Autopia | WIRED | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Neither the car manufacturer nor the driver wins if we get to set a dial for who lives and who dies in unavoidable car crashes.
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Woman chases down, captures alleged thief

Woman chases down, captures alleged thief | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A dramatic photo captured the moment on Friday when a Brooklyn mugging victim became a crime fighter — as she busted the punk who allegedly snatched her cellphone and held him in a bear hug for the...
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Montana Lee Nolan's comment, August 18, 2014 11:49 PM
This is not really the best article. Besides idolizing heroism, it fails to mention how this woman could have possibly gotten hurt. Yes, it is wonderful that she stood up for herself and somewhat admirable that she took matters into her own hands, but there is no way she could have known what would happen if she caught up with him. He could have had a gun or knife on him and she could have seriously been injured. In my mind, she is extremely lucky it turned out the way it did. No one injured; everyone safe. I see that if the kid had gotten away he most likely would have not been reprimanded for his actions, but I do disagree with promoting this “do it yourself” behavior.
On the factor that the perpetrator was a minor saddens me. More and more often we see minors act in manners that could end them up in severe trouble, or even jail. At the end of the article, it states that the Mother wishes her son hang out with the wrong crowd. There are countless possibilities that could factor into why this child is hanging out with the wrong crowd and committing acts such as these. It may be a simple phone snatch now, but in two years it could be a violent robbery or thievery and escalate from there. Stopping behavior like this early on will better dissuade children to continue acting in such ways.
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Sticker Shock: How Big Pharma Gouges the American Public | Blog | BillMoyers.com

Sticker Shock: How Big Pharma Gouges the American Public | Blog | BillMoyers.com | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Road trip! Or, two middle-aged women go on a Hunter S. Thompson-esque drug-buying spree across an international border. And score.
Rob Duke's insight:

Monopolies in the free-market--a white collar crime or just tough luck for the consumer?

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Realigning justice

Realigning justice | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
IN JULY Zhou Qiang, the president of China’s Supreme People’s Court, visited Yan’an, the spiritual home of the Communist Party in rural Shaanxi province, to...
Rob Duke's insight:

China and comparative criminology

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Feds charge third Alaska seafood plant employee with Clean Air Act violation

Feds charge third Alaska seafood plant employee with Clean Air Act violation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Federal prosecutors in Alaska have charged another former Dutch Harbor seafood plant employee for working with his supervisors to cover up the disuse of emissions reducing systems, violating the plant's Clean Air Act permit. 
Rob Duke's insight:

White Collar Crime...

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The Dreaded 'Bad Trip' on LSD -- Researchers Are Starting to Understand What Causes Them

The Dreaded 'Bad Trip' on LSD -- Researchers Are Starting to Understand What Causes Them | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
New research into psychedelics as therapies is figuring out how to maximize safety and benefits.
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Synthetic pot warning: 'Spice' users don't how deadly drug can be

Synthetic pot warning: 'Spice' users don't how deadly drug can be | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Connor Reid Eckhardt was just 19 when he died after using what scientists and doctors call a “synthetic cannabinoid,” but most everybody...
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Timing is everything

Timing is everything | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
“SINCE 1961…the Republicans have held the White House 28 years, the Democrats 24,” said Bill Clinton in 2012. “In those 52 years, our private economy has...
Rob Duke's insight:

So, can we do nothing to improve our lot?

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Man kills family in belief he was fulfilling his 'destiny,' cops say

Man kills family in belief he was fulfilling his 'destiny,' cops say | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A man accused of fatally stabbing his parents, two children and family dog at their home in Santa Barbara County appears to have no criminal history or motive other than what authorities said was to fulfill "what he believed was his destiny."
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Is There Something Wrong With The Economy?

Is There Something Wrong With The Economy? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
I ran across an interesting article today that cited something known in economic circles as “secular stagnation.” The definition: “Secular” implies the depressed state of the economy is down to structural, supply-side factors, while “stagnation”...

Via Jocelyn Stoller
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BK Live 8/11/14: Solitary Confinement in NYS

Kirk James, PhD (Fortune Society), Johnny Perez (Urban Justice Center), Dakeem Roberts (NYC Jails Action Coalition), and Terry Hubbard (NYC Jails Action Coalition)…

Via Darcy Delaproser
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