Criminology and Economic Theory
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Video: Permit to Kill Endangered Black Rhino Auctioned

Animal advocates plan protest of Dallas Safari Club's auction for hunting permit in Namibia.
Rob Duke's insight:

The "Coase Theorem" at work.....

Ashley Brevak's comment, January 25, 2014 6:20 PM
Are you kidding me?! So, let's just throw away our whole cause to make enough money to reinstate that cause. Personally, I think this is absolutely horrible! If you truly believe in something and stand up for it then you should never back down even if you'd make more money to protect others. Find a different way. I'm actually in shock over this right now.
Sawyer Skiba's comment, January 26, 2014 11:23 PM
I first read about this a few days ago while browsing CNN. At first I was shocked that a group that wants to protect the rhino would do this, but as I dug deeper into it I learn that there is more to the story. The person that bought this permit is not allowed to kill any rhino they want, they are only allowed to kill one of a few specific ones. According to the Dallas Safari Club, the rhino that will be killed is old enough that it can no longer reproduce and is one that is actually hostile to other rhinos. So yes this will kill a rhino, but it will kill one that will not be benefiting the population anymore and may be a potential hazard. That said, I realize anything on the internet may not be the true story and that the Safari Club will also be trying to cover their on butts.
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When economists turn to crime

When economists turn to crime | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Misbehavioural economics
Two former directors of the Congressional Budget Office spoke at the White House meeting. Douglas Holtz-Eakin, a Republican who served on George W. Bush’s CEA, called criminal-justice reform a “rare public-policy moment” that offers both parties a chance to save taxpayers money, help more people into the labour force, strengthen families and reduce poverty without sacrificing public safety. Peter Orszag, a Democrat who headed the Office of Management and Budget in Barack Obama’s first term, called the evidence “compelling” that, to deter crime, the severity of a possible punishment matters much less than the certainty that it will be inflicted. Alas, politicians have poured resources into incarceration rather than more cost-effective tools, such as hiring more police and directing them to crime hotspots (America employs two-and-a-half times more corrections officers per person than the global average, but 30% fewer police). The vast majority of burglaries (85%) are never cleared up, while fewer than half of violent crimes lead to arrests.

One strength of this wonkish, follow-the-numbers approach is that it avoids the political challenge faced by reformers: the fact that many voters yearn to feel safe from crime, and do not want to be told that this is a wicked or selfish ambition. The CEA report duly calculates the cost to society from crime, and finds that it is large. But it then shows that today’s policies are a horribly wasteful way of reducing that scourge. Scare-mongering headlines, followed by pandering and guesswork by politicians, have driven criminal-justice policy for too long. Enough marmalade-dropping panic: time to give cost-benefit analysis a go.
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Heather Mac Donald on 'The O'Reilly Factor' to Discuss Violent Crime and Incarceration | Manhattan Institute

Heather Mac Donald on 'The O'Reilly Factor' to Discuss Violent Crime and Incarceration | Manhattan Institute | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Rob Duke's insight:
Interesting video:

M.I. showed 129k more African Americans would likely have been murdered without Compstat and the Crime Bill.
(ESRI is also a big part of this equation, but ESRI was used to power more community policing, whereas COMPstat fueled stop-and-frisk...)

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Judge says Long Beach police discriminate against gay men in lewd conduct cases

Judge says Long Beach police discriminate against gay men in lewd conduct cases | Criminology and Economic Theory |
A Superior Court judge Friday made sweeping statements about the Long Beach Police Department’s treatment of gay men in the community, saying in a ruling over a lewd conduct case that the department intentionally targets gay men, and that the prosecutor’s office portrays them as “sexual deviants and pedophiles.”

In his ruling, Long Beach Superior Court Judge Halim Dhanidina dismissed the case against Rory Moroney, 50, of Long Beach, who was arrested Oct. 15, 2014, at Recreation Park and charged with one count of misdemeanor indecent exposure and one count of lewd conduct. If Moroney would have been convicted of indecent exposure, he would have been required to register as a sex offender for life.

Detective Raymond Arcala, an undercover decoy in the vice unit, said Moroney was masturbating in one of the park restrooms. Moroney, however, said Arcala’s eye contact and posturing indicated he wanted to have sex and wasn’t offended by the advances.

In dismissing the case, Dhanidina granted a defense motion that the case was based on discriminatory enforcement and prosecution because the Police Department’s vice unit only uses undercover male decoys in its lewd conduct sting operations and targets gay men.
Rob Duke's insight:
What a moron....this judge is setting a terrible precedent.  For example.  The logic here is that a victim's action in making eye contact represents a supposed desire to have sex and therefore the offender's action are no longer criminal.  So, if a woman makes eye contact with a potential rapist in a bar or on a dark street, what does that mean?
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San Diego taking criminal approach to illegal pot shops

San Diego taking criminal approach to illegal pot shops | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Years of struggling to shut down illegal pot shops has prompted San Diego City Attorney Jan Goldsmith to shift gears and begin criminally prosecuting shop operators and their landlords. Goldsmith has previously resisted a criminal approach, contending the civil injunctions his office has used for many years are the fastest and most effective legal method. Page 1 of 2
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 5:51 PM
Making pot legal was intended to keep good (enough)people out of jail and turn a drag on the economy into a positive force driven by working consumers. Not help the dregs of society stay stagnant parasites. That's why I believe the spirt of the law is on the lawyers side, and he will eventually have the upper hand in his fight.
Vincent Zamora's comment, May 4, 5:56 PM
I agree with Isaac on this. Making pot legal was supposed to be good and gave people a chance to be responsible about growing and selling the "natural herb" but how many people have used this right illegally? Just last month on scoop it there was a 147 year old pot head who was arrested for selling weed out of a "pot shop" with out any credentials. this is exactly why drugs will never be legalized here in this country. Because people will never learn or know not to take advantage of things.
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Another View: FBI crime stats show ‘the Experiment’ has failed | Lincoln News Messenger

Another View: FBI crime stats show ‘the Experiment’ has failed | Lincoln News Messenger | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Local Lincoln news. Latest Current News. Breaking News, Local newspaper's online edition with news, classifieds, and editorials.
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 1:37 AM
For California to be such an overpopulated state, the mass increase of crime is very detrimental to the people in terms of fiscal policies. Not only is the state overpopulated, but the prisons are too. California is known to have a few supermax prisons, and the population is estimated to be a few thousand inmates per institution. The decrease in state funds due to this experiment is not only taking away from the general public but it also reduced the funding for overcrowded prisons within the state.
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The Dangerous Delusions of Prop. 47--Deputy District Attorney's Opinion

As the crime rate continues to soar in California following passage of Proposition 47, its backers are grasping at straws in excusing and defending the reckless initiative.  The most recent example was April 21st when a cabal of ardent supporters, including San Francisco District Attorney George Gascón, San Francisco Public Defender Jeff Adachi, an attorney for a group which pushed Prop 47, and a policy analyst for a "think tank" opposed to incarceration as punishment for crime gathered together to discuss the spike in property crimes in San Francisco and complain about the San Francisco Police Officers Association.
It was fitting San Francisco was the scene of the crime-excuse me, the panel discussion.  San Francisco is #1 for property crime rate increase in the United States, and #8 in violent crime rate increase, for six-month comparison period between 2014/2015.  
Mr. Gascón claimed that the recent spike in property crimes in the city had little to do with Prop 47, but offered no idea why the crime increased except to note "when people are committing low-level crimes, it's because of drug addictions or mental illness."  Public Defender Adachi echoed Mr. Gascón, stating that the best way to reduce drug addiction was to change behavior through counseling.
This, of course, highlights the absurdity of Prop 47, it made the very crimes Mr. Gascón concedes are committed by drug addicts non-consequential misdemeanors, removing both punishment or a "stick" to encourage participation in drug treatment and "counseling."  The failure of Prop 47 is best summed up recently by Los Angeles City Attorney Mike Feuer,  who stated, "Almost no one has gotten anything close to meaningful drug rehabilitation, and we've prosecuted thousands of these cases. The system is broken at every level." 
It was always a fantasy to believe drug addicts who commit thefts would suddenly embrace "counseling" and treatment without a stick to make them do so, and Prop 47 has definitively proved that.
Another panelist claimed they did a study comparing jail populations to the rising crime rates and found that there was no correlation between the two.  That mind-bending twisting of statistics reminds me of the phrase "Some individuals use statistics as a drunk man uses lamp-posts - for support rather than for illumination."  Once again, the rise in property crime rates post-Prop 47 is because theft crimes under $950 are consequence free, as those committing these crimes freely admit to newspapers such as the Los Angeles Times.  It has nothing to do with the jail population fluctuation.
Finally, again there was the bogus claim of "savings" as a result of Prop 47.  Never mind those "savings" are $29 million, not the oft-touted $100 million.  What these advocates never account for is the cost of increased crime as a result of Prop 47, which I have documented in nearly a dozen blogs, is over $250 million in Los Angeles County alone. Public Defender Adachi opined that the best way to reduce drug addiction was to change the person's behavior through counseling.  Mr. Gascón echoed that sentiment, stating that "when people are committing low-level crimes, it's because of drug addictions or mental illness." 
They say the first casualty when war comes is truth, and so it also appears to be with Prop 47 and its supporters.  While Mr. Gascón and other San Francisco officials may still be touting the "benefits" of Prop 47, increasingly residents of the City aren't buying their arguments.  As a headline from the local paper put it this week regarding the crime rate in San Francisco: "In city famed for its ills, locals' discontent is climbing." As the fallout from Prop 47 continues, sadly this promises not to be the last such headline.
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California bill would allow landlords to ban marijuana for renters

California bill would allow landlords to ban marijuana for renters | Criminology and Economic Theory |
A new bill from Assemblyman Jim Wood, D-Healdsburg, would extend to marijuana a 2011 law that permitted landlords to prohibit the smoking of cigarettes and other tobacco products on their rental properties.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 7:01 PM
Weed smells dank. And can devalue the apartment in the same way cigarettes do. The problem is that weed cannot be smoked outside only in private property incenting smokers to smoke inside.
Raquel Young's comment, May 3, 3:30 AM
I like this idea just because I can't stand the smell of it. There are ways to hid the smell. But how are they going to control that. even right now its hard to know if someone is smoking inside unless you can smell it right when they are smoking it.
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Phone scams increasing, becoming more clever

Santa Clarita - The phone scams from people masquerading as IRS agents seem to be picking up, Santa Clarita Valley residents have reported in recent weeks. And frankl
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 7:47 PM
New tech is always changing the world and the parasites scamming grandma will keep pulling the same tricks just using a different tool. Scammers will always be around so its about time police agencies get the one up on them. Computer competent departments are the sword needed to combat criminals using new world mediums. Knowing the new tools of the fight are essential, ARCGIS, Cypercrime, and transnational crimes.
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 1:00 AM
Technology is definitely advancing and ordinary people are able to do those kinds of things. Personally, I don't handle any of my finances over the phone, I think it's always more secure to directly handle your situations in person. The impact this is having on the older generation isn't surprising. This has becoming an evolving issue since phones became prevalently used.
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White House Moves To "Ban The Box" For Many Federal Job Seekers

White House Moves To "Ban The Box" For Many Federal Job Seekers | Criminology and Economic Theory |
A new rule — which would apply to nearly half of all federal jobs — would mean job applicants would not need to reveal any criminal history initially. The announcement comes at the end of a week in which the administration has highlighted efforts to help incarcerated people make the transition back into their communities.
Trevor Norris's comment, May 1, 7:16 PM
It will be very interesting to see how this pans out in the future. I also hope that privilege to people with no criminal history is not taken away.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 7:59 PM
Removing the stigma of a criminal history, evens out the early dismissals ensuring applicants are not written off without a glance at the applicants skills and experiences. Meaning the offer of conditional employment is given to the best qualified of the pool, then from their it is decided if any criminal history outweighs the best applicants positives.
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 2:02 AM
I don't support this at all, felons are serious offenders. They could have committed violent offenses, fraud, any number of things. They are titled felons for a reason. It would be a waste of time for hiring committees to review the applications and then later find out that the person they were interested in committed a sexual assault. I think there was a reason they were incarcerated, and the judges decision along with the laws behind it supporting the decision were implemented for the greater good. Committing a crime is only labeled with negative connotations because it's an offense against society and against a singled out victim.
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“Conspiracy theorist” in panda suit shot after allegedly threatening to bomb Baltimore Fox affiliate if it wouldn’t cover his story

“Conspiracy theorist” in panda suit shot after allegedly threatening to bomb Baltimore Fox affiliate if it wouldn’t cover his story | Criminology and Economic Theory |
He demanded Fox put him on air to discuss his government conspiracy. Police did not kill the man, who is white
Rob Duke's insight:
Under the category: sounds made up, but it's not!
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 10:25 PM
A problem with decentralized police departments is an officers training and individual experience on the force gives police wide differences in policing styles and reactions. A New York cop trained by an FTO who placed more value in his sidearm then his shield (badge) might hop out of his car and gun down a child (possibly) wielding a handgun. His observations of New York slums and what his been taught, leads to a very different outcome, then the cop from a safer beat who values his badge more then his gun, and hasn't had bad experiences in such situations.
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 2:09 AM
Personally, I can't stand conspiracy theorists. I think this guy is crazy and the situation should've been handled better on the polices end, without resorting to a fatality. The threats he made were serious and the reaction makes sense.
Vincent Zamora's comment, Today, 1:01 AM
I wasnt there and im sure there is only so much that even the reporters arent telling us about this but I too can not stand conspiracist and they spread panic and fear into everyone just to cause anarchy. But if he was threateing to blow a place up in a suit no one could see under it, with all the stuff happening today, then i can not feel to sorry for him.
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There’s something missing from our drug laws: Science

There’s something missing from our drug laws: Science | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Congress and President Obama are under pressure to reschedule marijuana. While rescheduling makes sense, it doesn’t solve the state/federal conflict over marijuana (de-scheduling would be better). But more important, it wouldn’t fix the broken scheduling system. Ideally, marijuana reform should be part of a broader bill rewriting the Controlled Substances Act.
Brandal Nicole Crenshaw's comment, April 29, 7:06 PM
Ahh, science- something that actually makes sense when done correctly. That said, it needs to be done correctly and used as a base correctly before it would ever help anything.
Kristen Speyerer's curator insight, May 2, 3:53 AM
I would like to believe this is something the U.S. may someday achieve. It would require another “revolution” in our criminal justice system. Given our propensity for “just deserts” punishment and the persistent public support of the death penalty, the road this kind of reform would be long indeed.
Kristen Speyerer's curator insight, May 2, 4:00 AM
The United States has a politically oriented system of justice, which affects how our policy is shaped.
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Spurring investment in an immigrant neighborhood | CNU

Spurring investment in an immigrant neighborhood | CNU | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Southwest Detroit is the kind of neighborhood that few people talk about outside of the Motor City. The community is not one of those that are vacant and dilapidated—the subject of "ruin porn" photos on the web. It's also not booming with development like Downtown and Midtown.   

Aside from small-scale maintenance, the immigrant community of craftspeople, artists, and entrepreneurs has seen little investment for years. The residents are trying hard to prevent a downward spiral—yet many of their children don't plan on sticking around as adults.

"These kids can see the disinvestment in their community. They’re not blind," says architect Dhiru Thadani, the leader of a recent CNU "Legacy Charrette" in the neighborhood. "And they see how suburban communities have been invested in, and people are taking care of their streets, and their lawns, and their backyards." If nothing changes, many young adults will move to greener pastures.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 3, 12:24 AM
The "broken windows" will grow in this community without help the youth will spirit away and the towns days will die with the old generation. That's why this program could act as CPR to the town. Planting good dirt for good people to sow new life. Sounds like what I want to do in Kotzebue and other villages of Alaska. Give them a reason not just to stay but to improve their quality of life so they have a reason to improve it further for their children.
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Convict Cultivation: Growing Organic Behind Bars - Modern Farmer

Convict Cultivation: Growing Organic Behind Bars - Modern Farmer | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Woodbourne is a largely conventional prison, for largely conventional prisoners. With one caveat: It's unlikely you'll learn to massage and dry kale at most other lockups.

Via Library@CSNSW
Trevor Norris's comment, May 1, 7:41 PM
I really like the idea of prisons that encourage or implement vocational training, or hands-on learning. I know earlier this year in Alaska, I believe there was a push to close down a meat-processing plant staffed by inmates, but people were fighting it because of it had some positive aspects.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 3, 3:16 AM
The practical application of this work is a bit questionable (who can survive off a liberal art degree?) but the impact on the inmate quality of life and the feeling that self sufficiency is not only possible but enjoyable is the best thing prisoners can get
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Forced to confess

Forced to confess | Criminology and Economic Theory |
the state’s benign paternalism has a dark side. The chief reason the system looks good is that Japan is a remarkably safe society. And where once police worked closely with local communities to solve crimes, now they struggle to catch criminals. The system relies on confessions, which form the basis of nine-tenths of criminal prosecutions. Many confessions are extracted under duress. Some of those who admit guilt are plainly innocent, as recent exonerations have shown (see article). The extraordinary lack of safeguards for suspects in Japanese interrogation cells is a stain on the whole system, failing victims as well as those wrongly convicted.
Rob Duke's insight:
Japan is very safe, but this comes at a price....
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 3:51 PM
It's interesting to see an aspect of another country's criminal justice system. I've been to Japan a few times and it is very family oriented, and I've never thought that that would make a difference in how people are prosecuted and tried in court. I also did not realize how safe Japan was? What is working for them that keeps crime rates down? I think the treatment of offenders is unconstitutional to our standards, but I'm not sure what are the guidelines for arrest and what determines the kind of sentence each offense deserves.
Vincent Zamora's comment, Today, 12:58 AM
I did a report on Japan once and I know too how safe it is and also have friends who were stationed there and had some run ins with the police. They have a anything goes type policy to get there point across. But I agree with Julia fisher because this is very unconstitutional. Just imagine how many people confessed to a lie just to get the beatings to stop.
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What's wrong with our anti-gang battle? LA County readies overhaul -

What's wrong with our anti-gang battle? LA County readies overhaul - | Criminology and Economic Theory |
The Board of Supervisors Tuesday directed county staffers to re-evaluate anti-gang tactics employed over the last two decades under a partnership with the Los Angeles Police Department.

Supervisors Hilda Solis and Sheila Kuehl proposed taking a second look at the Community Law Enforcement and Recovery program, known as CLEAR.

“We need to have more inclusivity,” Solis said.

Kuehl said she was reminded of outdated efforts to solve student truancy by handing out tickets to offenders, rather than looking at the underlying issues driving absences.

Supervisor Mark Ridley-Thomas said the multi-agency program — aimed at “recovery of gang-infested communities” — was adopted in 1997, when he was a Los Angeles City Council member.

But based on a recent rise in gang violence and the fact that more than half of the city’s homicides are believed to be gang-related, Ridley-Thomas said it was time to reconsider whether CLEAR was working.

“The default (of CLEAR) is not prevention. The default is not intervention. The default is not re-entry. It’s suppression,” Ridley-Thomas said, adding that the funds might be better used for intervention or restorative justice programs.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 5:38 PM
Tickets work about as well as a no loitering sign. The kids still don't have anything to do despite the sign. Nor do they have see reason to go to school when fellowship, money and perceived purpose are all offered by a gang. The move towards prevetion and core problem reduction is always a good idea in my opionon, and its refreshing to hear it from someone with the influence to give meaning to the words.
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 4:21 PM
I've never been aware of gang presences, and I've never recognized any in Fairbanks. I do know that California does have a problem with it though, I think suppressing the gangs is an approach to consider. The unintended consequences that could follow such an act is sure to be interesting or further endanger Californian citizens.
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CNS - LA Superior Unveils Traffic-Ticket Kiosks

Los Angeles County Superior Court has opened outdoor kiosks that will allow visitors to take care of traffic tickets outside five courthouses.
     In an April 25 announcement, the court said that it was offering the service at the Beverly Hills, Chatsworth, Van Nuys West, Metropolitan, and West Covina courthouses. The kiosks are available seven days a week, the court said in a news release.
     Court spokeswoman Mary Eckhardt Hearn said in a phone interview that along with online and automated phone services and walk-up windows, the kiosks mark another expansion of court services that will cut into wait times and lines.
     Sherri Carter addressed those issues after she was appointed as executive officer and clerk in 2013, Hearn said, touring courthouses and talking personally with people waiting in line.
     "Independent of the kiosk installation, wait times and lines have been reduced significantly at the courthouses," Hearn said Friday. "A couple of years ago, we were saying that people should expect perhaps as long as a two-hour wait in line. In the most extreme cases at the Metropolitan courthouse, there were days when the lines were wrapped around the building. That's essentially gone away."
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 2, 4:13 PM
I think this is a smart approach to small things like traffic tickets and parking tickets, they're so minor and this is putting technology to good use. I think this should be implemented throughout cities across America. They need to be highly secure though, and they need to take high precautions with peoples card information. I don't think that should be too much of an issue.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 6:04 PM
The newest tech is rarely adopted by our purposely bureaucratic government in any fashion of fast. But its good to see when it is implemented it is done where truly needed. One place I would consider unmanned kiosks is at police departments for reporting crimes that are normally kept quiet by the victim out of shame or fear of not being taken seriously by a real person. It may help bring to light the elusive shadow crimes that may be eating up a local area unnoticed by standard street patrols.
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What Happens in California, Stays in Vegas - Ricochet

On November 4, 2014, California voters passed Proposition 47. You can read all about it here, but the main points are that it downgrades some (drug-related) felonies to misdemeanors and lets thousands out of California’s prisons and jails. Liberals who decry mass incarceration and those who fight the “Prison-Industrial Complex” were, of course, thrilled. To be fair, some of support behind efforts…
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 6:35 PM
We let some unsavory people with a burn for drugs and failed to put up a funnel for them to run down. It makes it obvious the prisons were only doing this because of over population not because it intended to help or rehabilitate any of those released. And again the focus is on the fire not the arsonist, there are many problem people loose but how do we fix them and those would join them in madness?
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 1:30 AM
This is an interesting article, because I've always thought letting low level prisoners out of prison was a good idea. The State of California needs to do more research before they implement a law that could have harsh side affects. The reduction of the prison population is good, but the shootings and the mass crime increase is unacceptable. The incarcerated or awaiting trial offenders need to be thoroughly inspected for other crimes, that is they need to make sure they're not letting out a drug addict that is willing to mass murder people for their addiction. If they are turning down these cases, the rehabilitation institutions should start initiating local hearings, for offenders families and friends to get help putting the addicts into treatment.
max mckernan's comment, Today, 3:41 AM
This is a very interesting look into some of the troubles that California has. the changes that prop 47 made are quite drastic relasing thousands from incarceration is no small task.. Frankly it does not surprise me that crime rates went up. because as the article mentions the property crime and drug crimes are related
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Prop. 47 gets mixed reviews from public, local governments

Prop. 47 gets mixed reviews from public, local governments | Criminology and Economic Theory |
For some, Proposition 47 has been a shot at redemption, but for others it has been a disaster — leaving local governments in search of solutions.In November 2014, state voters passed the proposition which reduces “nonserious and n
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Bill to reduce drug crime sentences fails in California Senate

Bill to reduce drug crime sentences fails in California Senate | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Despite impassioned pleas by supporters to reverse a policy they argue has disproportionately hurt minorities, legislation to repeal sentencing enhancements for certain drug crimes fell short in the California Senate on Monday.
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US to states: Make it easier for ex-prisoners to obtain IDs | Fox News

US to states: Make it easier for ex-prisoners to obtain IDs | Fox News | Criminology and Economic Theory |
States should make it easier for convicted felons to obtain state-issued identification after they get out of prison, Attorney General Loretta Lynch said Monday in announcing a set of measures aimed at helping smooth the return to society for the hundreds of thousands of inmates released each year.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 6:46 PM
An I.D a car and a nice shirt are often the prerequisites to the most basic jobs. And a prerequisite to staying out of jail is having a job so this idea would be a good step in a lot of ways
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 1:44 AM
This is a positive step for hopeful offenders, but I agree with the idea that the offenders background will be investigated for the approval of getting help from the state to obtain their basic necessities to reenter society. They should look at these offenders crime history, what they can't seem to stop doing that ends them up in prison so that the offenders who are clearly just going to keep going back to their criminal career don't waste the states time and money trying to help them become productive citizens.
Vincent Zamora's comment, May 4, 5:59 PM
This is the least they could do for prisoners when they get out. I myself know how hard it is to to get your life back on track for prisoners who want to do right and honestly it feels like society wants to keep you in the shadows. This is why the labeling theory is so well known to me and relates to this topic better than any I can thibnk of.
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To save suicidal teens listen to their voice

To save suicidal teens listen to their voice | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Suicide is the biggest killer of teenage girls across the world, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Now experts have found a way to spot those most at risk of taking their own lives by listening to their voices.

Warning signs include 'breathier' speech as well as subtleties in the pitch and tension in a person's voice, according to the new study.
Austyn Hewitt's comment, May 2, 7:51 PM
Suicide is such a sad thing and it is so devastating when anyone takes their own life. Knowing signs and how to help people is a must. The more people are aware of how to help I think the better result we will get with people not committing suicides.
Julia Fisher-Salmon's comment, May 3, 1:52 AM
This is helpful information to everybody, I think this should be common knowledge across our nation. Suicide has definitely taken a toll on many families and the unhealthiness of our teens mentality needs to be looked at further. Especially in Alaska where the suicide rate is so high, especially in the Native Villages this tactic should be known.
Raquel Young's comment, May 3, 3:27 AM
All you need is one person to really know you and they can help. its such a sad thing that is happening in the world right now with suicide.
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Busted? 'Textalyzer' device could detect texting and driving

Busted? 'Textalyzer' device could detect texting and driving | Criminology and Economic Theory |
In an effort to alleviate the problem, New York lawmakers have decided to treat texting and driving like drinking and driving – and with that comes the Textalyzer. State Senator Terrence Murphy (R) and Assemblyman Felix Ortiz (D) have introduced a bill, known as Evan's Law, which would allow police officers to use Textalyzer devices, similar to how they currently use breathalyzers.

At the scene of an accident, the Textalyzer would allow a police officer to check drivers' phones for recent activity in order to determine whether they were texting, emailing, taking selfies, or doing anything else that's prohibited under New York laws, which forbid using a phone with your hand (versus hands-free technology). Those who refuse to let officers test their phones for activity could risk driver's license suspension, akin to refusing a breathalyzer. 
Rob Duke's insight:
Um? o.k., but we couldn't decrypt the apple phone for less than $1million...
Vincent Zamora's comment, May 4, 5:47 PM
I think this is awesome because texting and driving has become more dangerous than driving under the influence. That's all you hear and see on the news rather than drinking and driving accidents you see some teenager texting or even an adult that is texting and injured some one or worse. I saw on the news just last summer a man was suing a 17 year old girl who was texting her boyfriend and hit the man on his motorcycle and lost his leg. He was even suing the boyfriend for texting her while she was driving. this is a good thing i think.
max mckernan's comment, Today, 3:53 AM
I think that this is an interesting idea but the issue is that if you say no the police officer is most likely going to have to obtain a warent because this is an invasion of privacy. I do not see this device being used a lot regardless of whether it reads your data or not.
max mckernan's comment, Today, 3:53 AM
I think that this is an interesting idea but the issue is that if you say no the police officer is most likely going to have to obtain a warent because this is an invasion of privacy. I do not see this device being used a lot regardless of whether it reads your data or not.
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What We Learned From German Prisons

What We Learned From German Prisons | Criminology and Economic Theory |
ARLIER this summer, we led a delegation of people concerned about the United States criminal justice system to visit some prisons in Germany and observe their conditions. What we saw was astonishing.
Austyn Hewitt's comment, May 2, 7:58 PM
This definitely seems like the right direction that they US should take. Maybe it will help people commit less crimes if they felt more respected in prison.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 2, 10:42 PM
"Treat an man like a dumb animal and he'll become one"-some dude. This article shows the difference between our prison systems, Americas built out of hard spite, and Germanys perhaps made out of earnest want to right past wrongs. They aren't punishing deviance they are helping them find a proper fit in society again. It nice, The idea that your not defined by your crime. A restorative prison system is not what I expected of Germany, after learning of their authoritarian hardboiled police force.
Raquel Young's comment, May 3, 3:35 AM
I think it would be cool to see this happen here but not sure how you could do it.
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How a Kentucky career woman began a second life as a bank robber

How a Kentucky career woman began a second life as a bank robber | Criminology and Economic Theory |
Crystal Little, the same woman who worked for the University of Kentucky's Office of Research Integrity, an organization obsessed with rules and guidelines in the pursuit of "support[ing] the institution in promoting ethical conduct of research." The same woman who, as a student at UK, worked as an editor for the Kentucky Kernal, earning it one of college journalism's highest accolades - a Pacemaker Award - for reporting from Africa on the AIDS crisis. The same woman who helped raise her niece when her parents weren't around, according to the Herald-Leader.

The same woman who served as the primary caretaker for her mother, who suffered from multiple sclerosis.

In fact, caring for her mother is what she claims led her to rob four banks. Without the money from Little's first bank robbery, the ailing woman may have been kicked out of her nursing home.

Recently, the 32-year-old sat down with the Kentucky Kernal, the student newspaper where she was once a rising star, to discuss what led a woman who claims to have never so much as smoked a cigarette to become a serial bank robber. She gave the interview from her Casey County jail cell in Liberty, Ky., where she's been since March 9, 2014, barely two years into a 10-year sentence.
David's comment, April 27, 4:05 PM
Wow, that is a sad story, but predictable. Apperently working in University did not cover all the expenses that she had to pay. I dont know what Ill do if my mother were sick, but I dont wish that to anybody else.
Isaac Peacock's comment, May 3, 2:52 AM
"Aint no rest for the wicked"-song dude it goes to show crimes shouldn't define a person when the story often has much more to it.
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When we sleep in new places, half of our brain stays awake

When we sleep in new places, half of our brain stays awake | Criminology and Economic Theory |
“How did you sleep?” I’ve asked countless friends this question after they’ve spent a night on my (surprisingly comfortable) couch. Turns out, most of them probably lied when they said, “Great!”
Difficulty sleeping in a new environment is so common that neuroscientists have a name for it: the “first-night effect” (FNE). New research shows FNE is basically the neurological equivalent of sleeping with one eye open. When you go to sleep for the first time in a new environment only half of your brain really rests, according to a study recently published in Current Biology.
The researchers tested people sleeping in a new environment by measuring their brainwave activity in the third stage of non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM 3), which is the deepest stage of the sleep cycle. In their first experiment, the researchers found that sleeping subjects experienced much more activity in the left hemisphere of their brains than in the right hemisphere on the first night of sleep, indicating that the left hemisphere remained relatively alert to the surrounding environment.
Rob Duke's insight:
Now this explains a lot....
Raquel Young's comment, April 29, 1:11 AM
I can see where they are coming from Im a very hard sleeper and can really sleep anywhere but I'm not always getting rested when I'm sleeping at a new place.
Brandal Nicole Crenshaw's comment, April 29, 7:09 PM
This makes a lot of sense to me from multiple perspectives, honestly. Our brains are used to patterns and habits- especially if you have trouble getting to sleep to begin with. Anything that upsets that routine is going to throw you off. Then, you also have to consider the fact that it is a new environment that you may not be comfortable in. A hotel may be nice, but it's not home and everything is just too different. It just makes sense.
Vincent Zamora's comment, Today, 1:04 AM
I had to report on this because i know how crazy the ifference is sleeping at home when i can sleep like a brick between sleeping at a friends house or at a hotel and I can hear the walls creeking and everything wakes me up.