Criminology and Economic Theory
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WPR Article | World Citizen: Why Colombia Won and Mexico Hasn’t

WPR Article | World Citizen: Why Colombia Won and Mexico Hasn’t | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
On the surface, the troubles Mexico is facing seem to resemble the devastating challenges that its South American neighbor Colombia suffered not many years ago.
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Criminology and Economic Theory
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The fascinating, strange medical potential of psychedelic drugs, explained in 50+ studies

The fascinating, strange medical potential of psychedelic drugs, explained in 50+ studies | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Psychedelic drugs like LSD and psilocybin (from magic mushrooms) are in the middle of a research renaissance. Here's why.
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I have no experience with these, but I've seen amazing things with Cannabis....
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Bully pulpit

Bully pulpit | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
ABOVE the announcement for confessions on Tuesday at 7pm, the weekly bulletin for St Rose of Lima’s church near Philadelphia had an unusual notice for parishioners with the heading, “JUST SO YOU ARE AWARE”. It stated that Nick Miccarelli voted in favour of House Bill 1947. The legislation would abolish the criminal statute of limitations for future child sexual abuse cases, including rape, incest and statutory sexual assault. In addition to sitting in the statehouse, Mr Miccarelli is a member of the parish.

Many states are revising their statutes of limitations for assault. Delaware has done so—a wave of lawsuits followed—as has California. New York’s statehouse considered a bill this month that would have extended its statute of limitations by five years. Pennsylvania’s bill would allow civil cases for child sexual abuse to be filed against public and private institutions, and extend the statute of limitations for civil cases from 30 to 50 years (the average male victim does not come forward until he is in his late 30s, women come forward even later on average). The state senate’s judiciary committee is considering whether to send the bill to the floor for a vote.
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UNICEF | #FightUnfair

UNICEF |  #FightUnfair | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

Millions are being left behind – disadvantaged, endangered and deprived of everything they need to thrive. It doesn’t need to be this way. Investing in the poorest children not only improves their lives, but also their children’s lives – breaking the vicious cycle of poverty.

The #FightUnfair campaign asks you to take actions to spread awareness and hold governments accountable for ensuring a better future for every child.

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Amazing Place: Six Cities Using the New Recipe for Economic Development | Smart Growth America

Amazing Place: Six Cities Using the New Recipe for Economic Development | Smart Growth America | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
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What role does good planning (e.g. jobs-housing mix, investment in civic spaces, parks, etc.) have in reducing crime?  Look at Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design or CPTED for more...
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Theft is property

Theft is property | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
IS IT theft if no rules are broken? That is what users of the DAO, a futuristic investment fund, were left pondering after June 17th, when an unknown attacker made off with around 3.6m “ether”, an online currency similar to bitcoin. As cyber-heists go, it was a big one: the ether were worth about $55m at the time of the attack, about a third of the DAO’s assets. But the DAO, which stands for Decentralised Autonomous Organisation, does not have rules as such, or staff to enforce them: instead, it has computer code, which is supposed to embody its purpose and to operate automatically. If the attacker found a flaw in the code, whose fault is that? Indeed, some cyber-libertarians are arguing that whereas the heist was not a crime, altering digital ledgers to retrieve the lost ether would be an affront to the whole project.

Like bitcoin, ether relies on a “blockchain”—a public ledger, distributed among lots of the system’s users, which records all transactions. Bitcoin’s blockchain handles mainly financial transactions, but ether’s can run computer code, including self-executing “smart contracts”, like those underpinning the DAO.
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Is it a crime if he worked within the rules?
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50 Cent Arrested for Profanity-Laced Concert in St. Kitts

50 Cent Arrested for Profanity-Laced Concert in St. Kitts | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
50 Cent was reportedly arrested Saturday following a concert on the Caribbean island of St. Kitts after cursing onstage, which is prohibited by law.
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Orlando shooting: Man who says he was Omar Mateen's gay lover speaks out

Orlando shooting: Man who says he was Omar Mateen's gay lover speaks out | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In an interview with Univision, a man claims he first met Omar Mateen on the gay dating app Grindr, says they were "friends with benefits"
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Lydia Weiss's comment, June 24, 3:36 AM
I know this was definitely a theory that was being thrown around. That Mateen was gay, and didn't want to accept that, so he took it out on other gays, but again, that's just some speculation I've seen circulating the web. Maybe it's true, maybe it's not.
Gunner Young's comment, June 28, 4:07 PM
I think that this puts a different look on the shooting and why it was done. Finding out that Mateen was a regular at the nightclub and may have been homosexual himself may cause the investigation of his actions and his claim to ISIS to go on for sometime. I find it interesting that this information wasn't released early on.
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Sheriff Gusman's former chief deputy charged in off-duty detail scandal

Sheriff Gusman's former chief deputy charged in off-duty detail scandal | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Jerry Ursin, the former Orleans Parish Sheriff's Office chief deputy who resigned in April amid an off-duty detail scandal, has been charged with one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud, federal authorities said Tuesday (June 21).

Authorities accuse Ursin of taking part in a "scheme" to create "ghost employees" who, in a five-year period from 2009 to January 2014, were paid by Mardi Gras Krewes and festival organizers for security services they never performed.

Ursin received more than $2,300 in checks from former OPSO Colonel Roy Austin, whose private security company, Austin Sales and Services, overbilled event organizers for security services never performed, the four-page bill of information states.
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Thousands protest U.S. bases on Okinawa after Japan woman's murder

Thousands protest U.S. bases on Okinawa after Japan woman's murder | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Tens of thousands of people gathered in sweltering heat on Japan's Okinawa island on Sunday in one of the biggest demonstrations in two decades against U.S. military bases, following the arrest of an American suspected of murdering a local woman.
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Kim Gomez's comment, June 19, 11:50 PM
The person accused of murdering a local woman was a civilian worker, not a military member. While I am sad that a woman lost her life, I don't see how protesting having a military base there will solve the issue at hand. I believe the army base there did what they felt was appropriate and tried to ease tensions without success and it will be interesting to see what comes of these protests.
Lydia Weiss's comment, June 24, 3:39 AM
It is a terrible shame that a life was lost. However, this does prove that in times of trial, people will band together to defend their own. Really, would we do any differently?
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Former North Slope police employee admits stealing over $100k from evidence room

Former North Slope police employee admits stealing over $100k from evidence room | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Margaret Ann Solomon pleaded guilty to federal charges that she stole cash from the evidence room and sometimes destroyed the related case files.
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Laura Henriquez's comment, June 20, 3:46 PM
I was honestly pretty shocked after reading this article that Margaret Ann Solomon was able to get away with stealing so much money and her supervisors did not catch her early enough. I believe her case is a clear example that they might need to change the way they supervise their employees to stop cases like this one from repeating themselves in the near future. I also think they must have a better way to keep evidence such as cash in a secured and safe place where individuals like her have no access to the funds, and it may also be a good time to maybe have people who work in this environment go through a more thorough background check.
Lydia Weiss's comment, June 21, 4:04 AM
I think they definitely need to start upping security, or at least monitoring activity in the evidence rooms. It said that the room was sometimes left open and/or unattended, and that's just bad practice. However, I am appalled that someone in a trusted position would steal so much money, destroy evidence, and the like, just so she can piss it away on Facebook slots of all things. No thing is worth stealing and committing the crimes she did, but I just kind of cringed and sighed when I saw what she was blowing it on. Gambling addictions are a problem, I acknowledge, but that's also just... I don't know how to word it, but ugh.
Courtney Higley's comment, June 22, 8:35 PM

"'The issue you have is that someone has now threatened the integrity of the entire evidence system,' he said. 'So it's potentially a defense attorney's dream.'"

This is the line that stood out to me. I wonder if this woman's actions directly affected the outcome of any cases that were taking place during that time? I also wonder if any defendants will learn of this scandal and attempt to appeal? Unfortunately in small towns or provinces like the North Slope, there can be lack of oversight or organization in these critical agencies. I think it has to do with outdated and lax practices, as well as fast turnover rates. The details of this incident are just so incredible though that it's hard not to shake your head in wonder about nobody noticed hundreds of thousands of dollars and handfuls of case files missing.
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Orlando Mass Shooting Not Deadliest in American History

Orlando Mass Shooting Not Deadliest in American History | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The massacre at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando was a horrific tragedy. But it was not unprecedented – and it was not the “deadliest mass shooting in American history.”
Rob Duke's insight:
See Aguirre and Baker's excellent book that chronicles every lynching before and after the Civil War.  https://books.google.com/books/about/Race_racism_and_the_death_penalty_in_the.html?id=Al4vAQAAIAAJ
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Laura Henriquez's comment, June 20, 3:55 PM
This article was right on point on calling out our media for wrongly informing the public and stating the recent shooting in Florida was the most horrific shootings when in fact it was not, I know pretty clearly that worse shootings have occurred throughout history and the media specifically failed to make a big deal about them. The article did state one clear difference between shootings in our current era and shootings back then and this is that this shootings were completed by a group of people when in the most recent cases shootings have been done by individuals acting as representants for isis which is the number one threat in America at this point in time.
Courtney Higley's comment, June 22, 9:20 PM
I've heard that the Orlando shooting was the deadliest attack since 9-11, but not that it was the deadliest shooting in history. Also, maybe I'm being nit picky, but The East St. Louis Race Riot and The Tulsa Race Riot were not entirely mass shootings. They involved various forms of violence, aggression and destruction. I completely agree with the point being made though, that hatred and violence toward a particular demographic are not a new thing in the United States by far. The only thing that has changed over the past hundred years is the target of the hate and the technology available with which to cause harm. Even before the invent of automatic and semi-automatic weapons, people (Americans, in this case) found ways to cause mass devastation with their misdirected hate.
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Police dog bites boy

Police dog bites boy | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
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Lydia Weiss's comment, June 21, 4:08 AM
I'm glad that they didn't immediately jump to the conclusion of putting the dog down, but rather moved to the alternative of removing it from the force and sending it back to the US. Do you think that service animals such as these that are being socialized need to have higher fences, or some form of slightly upped security to prevent this sort of thing from happening when the owner is not trying to socialize it actively?
Gunner Young's comment, June 28, 11:39 PM
It's sad to see that this can happen to service dogs. This article doesn't say what the children were doing. The dog may have thought that it was protecting the other two kids. The dogs that have this training have a hard job. They get trained to perform and protect for our police forces, and yet they have to be able to turn off those instincts. I think that it is sad that the dog has to be taken away from his owner for this.
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Where are the alarm bells?

Where are the alarm bells? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
My simple questions: Why are Fairbanks’ police officers currently so demoralized that they are choosing to pack up and leave city service? Where is the sense of alarm? Why is this not the leading topic of conversation amongst City Council representatives as we approach an upcoming mayoral election? The trend of active-duty, mid-career officers choosing to leave city service has been mirrored by an unprecedented wave of city department heads and staffers also choosing to leave under the current administration — six department heads at last count, along with a chief of staff, city clerk and executive assistant.
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Rob Duke's curator insight, June 28, 8:18 PM
It's not an easy balance to strike between a strong mayor and professional and independent police.  We went through an entire era where the Tammany Halls of the world controlled the police--and we had to have an entire Progressive Movement to stamp it out.  In this modern era of increase scrutiny of our police, how far do we intend to slide back?  The rumblings in the police business are that we are nearly there where you keep your job only if you toe the company line.  This isn't the way to control corruption!  You can't have some special interest supporting candidates and then the candidate gets to tell the entire government what to do.  It's a team sport that requires the participation of everyone from the ground up.  Even then, the public spirit can run amok and there is a place for the constraints placed on a profession by the wider civil society.  That's what we risk losing every time we slide back to rule by local politics....
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UAA Justice Center

The Justice Center at University of Alaska Anchorage provides justice-related teaching, reasearch, and service to the state of Alaska.
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Some great resources on this page....
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Introducing “Amazing Place” | Smart Growth America

Introducing “Amazing Place” | Smart Growth America | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
For decades, local economic development has revolved around enticing companies to relocate with tax breaks and subsidies. There are a lot of problems with this approach, but perhaps the biggest is that today, it’s a strategy that often simply doesn’t work.

A new trend in local economic development is emerging. Talented workers—and the companies who want to employ them—are increasingly moving to walkable neighborhoods served by transit, with a vibrant mix of restaurants, cafes, shops, cultural attractions, and affordable housing options.
Rob Duke's insight:
I've lived in a walkable town served by transit and it's a dream...a pleasant side effect is that everyone knows your name and there's very little crime because of that connectedness....
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Bullying, Excessive Internet Use Increases Teen Suicide Risk, Study Finds

Bullying, Excessive Internet Use Increases Teen Suicide Risk, Study Finds | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among teens, study shows.
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Growing Sober - Modern Farmer

Growing Sober - Modern Farmer | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Can farm rehab keep addicts clean?
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Gunner Young's comment, June 28, 3:28 PM
I think that this program is a really great thing for those who have become addicts and want to change. It is a lot different than the programs that are often advertised for addicts. Unlike those 9 step programs that just get the user off of drugs, programs like San Patrignano can help addicts completely get off drugs and learn ways to live life without substance abuse. I think that these programs can also help addicts find alternative ways of living by exposing them to different jobs.
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"Hell in a can": Watch what it's like to become a guard at a private prison

"Hell in a can": Watch what it's like to become a guard at a private prison | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The first episode of the video series, "My Four Months as a Private Prison Guard"
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At least 10 people injured at California rally, authorities say

At least 10 people injured at California rally, authorities say | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Ten people were injured Sunday after violence broke out between a white supremacist group and counter-protesters, said authorities in Sacramento, California.
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Danny Murillo

Danny Murillo | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Danny Murillo will work to empower formerly incarcerated students by creating a network of people throughout California who have successfully made the transition from incarceration to higher education.
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Lydia Weiss's comment, June 24, 3:37 AM
I like this concept. Seems to be similar to what I've heard about restorative justice from a coworker/friend. I think that this could be a really good idea, personally.
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Taking it to heart

Taking it to heart | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Foreigners, who are about a third of the country’s population of 30m, must find ways to cope in the 40°C heat. Many aren’t Muslim. Unlike Saudi citizens, many work on sweaty building sites, so going without water is a bit of a problem. They eat at home or sneak water and food during trips to the bathroom. Some hotels discreetly put on room service for “non-Muslim guests”.
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Missing HK bookseller considered suicide 'many times' in China - BBC News

Missing HK bookseller considered suicide 'many times' in China - BBC News | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Lam Wing Kee, 61, was the manager of a well-known bookstore that sold titles critical of the Chinese leadership.
Mr Lam was one of five booksellers who were imprisoned for months in cases that made international headlines.
He believes they were taken by an elite Chinese law enforcement group which targeted authors and booksellers.
One of the men, Gui Minhai, is still in custody.
Rob Duke's insight:
So much for One Country--Two Systems.  The Chinese Regime balks at freedom for Hong Kong....
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Elder Exploitation 101 - Calibre Press

Elder Exploitation 101 - Calibre Press | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
For all the crimes you investigate, you won’t find many victims more vulnerable or in need of protection than the elderly. Let’s discuss how to spot signs of elder exploitation and techniques you can use to investigate it. For this article we’re going to focus on schemes where a person gains control over an elder’s …
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Courtney Higley's comment, June 22, 8:58 PM
Unfortunately, elderly individuals are ideal victims because they often have only a close family member (or two) or a professional caregiver involved in their care, so there are few onlookers who would be aware enough of the situation to notice signs of abuse or exploitation. I would assume that in most cases, it is a family member that suspects another family member of foul play. Elderly individuals are also easy targets because they are not always aware that they are being taken advantage of, nor are they often in a position to try to assert themselves over their caregivers. They are, in many cases, isolated from the rest of the world and subject to the decisions of their caregiver. They are a vulnerable population that unfortunately do not always get the attention or protection they deserve.
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How Cincinnati Salvaged the Nation’s Most Dangerous Neighborhood

How Cincinnati Salvaged the Nation’s Most Dangerous Neighborhood | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
It’s a transformation that’s happened in a blink of an eye, turning a neighborhood that in 2009 topped Compton in Los Angeles for the “most dangerous” title into something that looks and feels like Greenwich Village. And it didn’t happen by accident. Virtually everything that’s occurred in Over-the-Rhine—from the placement of the trees in the park to the curation of ground floor businesses—has been meticulously planned and engineered by a single, corporate-funded and decidedly non-governmental entity.
Rob Duke's insight:
Do you buy it? Can simple redesign "save" a crime-ridden neighborhood?
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Kim Gomez's comment, June 19, 11:43 PM
As someone who was born and raised in the suburbs of Chicago, where shootings, rapes and murder isn't shocking to anyone, I find this very difficult to believe. If this worked, then why aren't more cities like Chicago and St Louis that truly are deadly trying this?