For the past two years, CNN has been investigating how teens use social media.
Across the country, eighth graders (with the permission of their parents and schools) allowed child development experts into their online world. Experts studied 150,000 posts across Instagram, Twitter and Facebook.
The results of the study will be explored in a CNN Special Report, "#Being13: Inside the Secret World of Teens," Monday at 9 p.m. ET.
Ahead of the special, CNN asked some of the teens who participated in the study about the impact of social media on their lives. Their answers express solely their opinion and are edited for brevity and clarity.
Two Alaska cold-case investigators made it clear Monday that they don't stand behind the original police work that led to murder convictions of the young men known as the Fairbanks Four. Former Alaska State Trooper cold case investigators James Gallen and Randy McPherron testified Monday in Fairbanks Superior Court. Despite the fact that both worked directly under prosecutor Adrienne Bachman as they studied the 1997 John Hartman case between 2013 and January 2015, the two investigators didn't back up the narrative Bachman made in her opening statement. Instead, both accused Bachman of withholding documents from their investigation. In addition, McPherron, the lead investigator, testified that he was taken off the case in January 2015 before he felt it was complete. Last week Bachman said in opening statements that this four-week hearing will re-affirm the convictions of George Frese, Kevin Pease, Marvin Roberts and Eugene Vent for the 1997 murder of John Hartman.
SINCE Canada enacted a rule in 2011 requiring veiled women to reveal their faces during public citizenship ceremonies, the country has sworn in 680,000 citizens. Just two have refused to comply. This seemingly marginal issue has come to the fore in campaigning for the national election to be held on October 19th. It could well affect the outcome.
When and where women wear a niqab, which covers all but the eyes, became an issue last month when the Conservative government said it would appeal to the Supreme Court a lower court’s decision that the rule contravenes the Citizenship Act. This requires judges to allow the greatest possible religious freedom when administering the citizenship oath. The fuss is a godsend for Stephen Harper, who hopes voters will re-elect him for a fourth term as prime minister—despite their fatigue with his ten-year rule and a weak economy. “When you join the Canadian family in a public citizenship ceremony it is essential that that is a time when you reveal yourselves to Canadians,” he declared.
Canada’s 1m Muslims are dismayed. Although hate crimes in general are declining, those targeting Muslims are not. In the past week, a pregnant woman wearing a headscarf in Montreal was knocked down by two teenagers. Another wearing a niqab in Toronto said she was assaulted. Politicising the niqab is “unbelievably dangerous”, said Calgary’s mayor, Naheed Nenshi, who is a Muslim.
It also puts Mr Harper’s rivals, the Liberal leader Justin Trudeau and Thomas Mulcair, leader of the left-leaning New Democratic Party (NDP), in an awkward spot. Both sympathise with people who find the niqab off-putting but think the unveiling rule infringes freedom of religion. It serves no practical purpose. Veiled applicants must reveal their faces to a citizenship official before taking the public oath. Police and intelligence services vet would-be citizens. The opposition accuses the government of stirring up anti-Muslim sentiment.
IN 2006, when David Irving, a British writer, was given a three-year jail term in Austria for questioning the truth of Hitler's genocidal crimes, The Economist was clear in its response. As a colleague wrote at the time:
Laws against Holocaust denial...were never a good idea. The best defence against neo-Nazis is reason and ridicule, not the criminal law. But at a time when the western world is battling to defend free speech against religious zealotry, they look particularly indefensible. It is punishment enough for Mr Irving that he has lost his professional credibility. He should not lose his liberty too. Nothing has happened since then to weaken the case for using "reason and ridicule" rather than handcuffs to cut deniers down to size. But the European Union commissioner for justice, one of 28 minister-level executives, strongly thinks otherwise. "I find it disgraceful that Holocaust denial is a criminal offence in only 13 [of the EU's 28] member states," declared Vera Jourova in a speech this month, wrapping up a colloquium on the "fundamental rights" of which the EU has become, at least in certain carefully defined ways, a guardian.
Almost equally troubling was another of her assertions: "If freedom of expression is one of the building blocks of a democratic society, hate speech on the other hand is a blatant violation of that freedom. It must be severely punished." That is muddled reasoning. Hate speech may be a foolish or even wicked abuse of freedom of expression, but that is not the same as a violation. And there is no sign that the commissioner is at all troubled by the fact that in many EU countries, statements that would be protected under America's constitution (for example, strongly asserting the truth of one religion and denying the truth of another) have been denounced and prosecuted as hate speech.
"So the thing in here is that a lot of dudes got their notice in the mail stating that they got their two-point reduction and the amount of time they were getting off. Then they had to wait for their unit team to begin processing their paper work for the halfway house, which sucks because there are thousands that are getting out at the same time now and the paperwork is taking forever and the dudes that should of been getting more than six months [in the] halfway house, because they have been in for 20-25 years, are only getting 30 days."
This is what happens when you have an overcrowded prison system: Reentry programs, which can play a key role in preventing recidivism, are often starved of resources.
Still, as a former prisoner of the war on drugs, I'm happy to see to know these prisoners are seeing the light of day and could soon be reunited with their families. I have been out a little over a year now, and although these changes have come too late to help me—I served almost all of my sentence—I feel nothing but jubilation for the thousands who are getting a taste of freedom.
This appears to be an additional set of charges that would apply to both former and current TEPCO executives. The charges were sent from the Prefecture police to the prosecutors office. The charges have to do with leaks of contaminated water from the plant.
With marijuana businesses locked out of opening bank accounts, Alaska’s Tax Division is eyeing ways to handle an the anticipated influx of millions in cannabis cash. This week two potential solutions seemed to be emerging as front runners.
IN 2013 Charles Hynes, Brooklyn’s district attorney, was voted out of office after 24 years on the job. The ousting of an elected local prosecutor is rare in America. Incumbents who run for re-election win 95% of the time. Until Mr Hynes got the boot, no incumbent DA had lost a vote in Brooklyn since 1911. Mr Hynes’s fate needs to be more common, however, if America is to cease to be the world’s leading jailer. At present, it accounts for 5% of the world’s population and nearly 25% of its prisoners. Elected public prosecutors, such as Brooklyn’s Mr Hynes, are largely to blame.
The incarceration rate is like the water level in a bathtub. If the tap runs faster than the water drains, the level rises. The mandatory minimum sentences and truth-in-sentencing laws passed in the 1980s and 1990s blocked the outflow from America’s prison system. Proposals for sentencing reform, such as the bipartisan bill introduced by Chuck Grassley, a Republican senator from Iowa who chairs the Senate Judiciary Committee, would clear it a bit, by returning some discretion to judges and parole boards. But it would be even better to turn down the gushing tap.
A survey in 2010 noted that counties containing meth labs tend to be disproportionately poor, white and evangelical.
Those same communities also happen to be the ones with stiffest restrictions on the sale of alcohol. When Prohibition ended in 1933, local governments began implementing their own bans on alcohol sales, many of which remain to this day. Fifty-three of Kentucky’s 120 counties have some sort of restriction on the sale of alcohol, while another 31 ban its sale altogether. One question posed by social scientists is whether alcohol is a complement to, or a substitute for, drugs. A new paper by Jose Fernandez, Stephan Gohmann and Joshua Pinkston of the University of Louisville claims the latter, suggesting that lifting the ban on alcohol would lead to a drop in meth use.
Mr Valls’s Socialist government has just launched an effort to modernise union negotiations. He wants to make it easier for employers to negotiate directly with unions at firm level. Currently employees are covered by the French labour code, which runs to 3,809 pages—nearly twice as long as the Bible—and by branch-level agreements for 750-odd industries, from metalworking to the patisserie business, which govern over 95% of French employees. And this is despite the fact that only 8% of French workers actually belong to unions.
The primacy of labour law also means that disputes often end up before a judge, stirring uncertainty and conflict. “Our country does not have a culture of negotiation and compromise,” noted Jean-Denis Combrexelle, author of an official report on reforming labour law last month. Mr Valls was more blunt. The French labour code, he said, has “become too complicated, sometimes unreadable”.
A new reform bill is now promised by the end of the year, to go to parliament in 2016. For the French left, raised to cherish the rights enshrined in the labour code, the idea is radical. It means giving firms the ability to renegotiate hours or pay not just in an economic downturn, as is currently the case, but also as part of a pre-emptive effort to maintain competitiveness—and in a way that prevails over labour law. Such flexibility would be welcome. But it depends crucially on a less shirty union culture of the sort that, for now, seems to have eluded Air France.
California Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill designed to help undocumented immigrants who are victims of violent crime, by introducing time limits on law enforcement's response to their U.S. visa applications in an attempt to standardize police forces' uneven treatment of applicants.
On Thursday, that woman—along with another woman who accused an Uber driver of sexual assault in Boston—filed a federal lawsuit against the company. The suit claims that "by marketing heavily toward young women who have been drinking while claiming that rider safety is its #1 priority, Uber is instead putting these women at risk."
The suit is the latest in the exhaustive chain of stories about women being assaulted while trying to get home in what they believed to be the safest way: hailing an Uber. Since August, there have also been stories of "imposter Ubers," or men taking advantage of this myth of safety by posing as Uber drivers. In Boston, a man tried to lure a student into his car (she refused after she compared the car's license plate to the one listed on the Uber app); a man in Fort Worth, Texas saw two college students waiting for an Uber and pretended to be their driver. A 19-year-old college student in Tallahassee, Florida got into what she thought was her Uber before the driver proceeded to expose himself to her and demand sexual favors.
The deadly shooting at Northern Arizona University this morning was the 47th shooting to take place on a school campus so far this year, according to data collected by gun control advocacy group Everytown for Gun Safety. Of those shootings, 26 were classified as attacks that resulted in injury or...
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