Criminology and Economic Theory
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First inmate released under new three-strikes law

First inmate released under new three-strikes law | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A San Diego inmate who was serving 25 years to life has become the first to be released under the revised California Three Strikes law that voters approved on Election Day.
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Criminology and Economic Theory
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Stanislaus jails pick on inmates of only one race, lawsuit says

Stanislaus jails pick on inmates of only one race, lawsuit says | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Latino inmates sue Stanislaus County Sheriff Adam Christianson and his Sheriff's Department, claiming racial bias, excessive force in jails.
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Inside look at Sac PD's real-time, high-tech crime center

Inside look at Sac PD's real-time, high-tech crime center | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
After launching in June, SPD shows off its $500K operation
Rob Duke's insight:
Dispatchers, crime analysts, criminologists, Community Service Officers, and non-sworn investigators....all kinds of new jobs that don't require carrying a gun...
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DA starts new 
justice program aimed at adults | Aspen Daily News Online

Contending it would be a valuable tool for the criminal justice system, District Attorney Jeff Cheney is implementing a restorative justice program that aims to help people accused of crimes avoid conviction while simultaneously providing victims a chance to confront offenders about the impact of their actions.
Rob Duke's insight:
This sounds similar to the one UAF Justice and our partners in the Psych, Social Work, Comm Departments have started with the District Attorney, Public Defender, Defense Bar, Corrections, Juvenile Justice & the Superior Courts have started in Fairbanks.
Working with the Fairbanks Community Restorative Justice Initiative (FCRJI) make a great internship and introduces you to so many possible post-graduation jobs.  See Prof. Daku if you're interested in earning 6 units and satisfying your capstone requirement (this requirement only applies to those who started in 2016-2017 and later--all years are still eligible for elective credit--we even supply stipends when funding allows).
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Anchorage marijuana sales tax revenue continues steady climb

Anchorage collected around $70,000 in marijuana sales taxes in April, according to a city official. Nine cannabis shops were open during the month.
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Two U.S. studies differ over effects of marijuana on drivers

Two U.S. studies differ over effects of marijuana on drivers | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Two U.S. studies on the effects of marijuana on drivers in states where it is allowed for recreational use came to different conclusions about whether it increases risks behind the wheel.
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30% of border children have gang ties

30% of border children have gang ties | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Nearly 30 percent of the illegal immigrant children the U.S. is currently holding in its secure dormitories have ties to criminal gangs, the government revealed Wednesday, suggesting the Obama-era surge of Central Americans has fed the country's growing problem with MS-13 and other gangs.
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The new, subtle ways the rich signal their wealth

The new, subtle ways the rich signal their wealth | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In 1899, the economist Thorstein Veblen observed that silver spoons and corsets were markers of elite social position. In Veblen’s now famous treatise The Theory of the Leisure Class, he coined the phrase ‘conspicuous consumption’ to denote the way that material objects were paraded as indicators of social position and status. More than 100 years later, conspicuous consumption is still part of the contemporary capitalist landscape, and yet today, luxury goods are significantly more accessible than in Veblen’s time.
Rob Duke's insight:
Every society does this in some form....how does an underground economy signal success?  Do they substitute respect with fear?  As in, when a gang member gains satisfaction in the knowledge that he/she is feared....
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Info wanted on family in connection with mass killings

Info wanted on family in connection with mass killings | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Investigators in Ohio are asking Alaska residents who may have had contact with the Wagner family, who is now believed to be living on the Kenai Peninsula, to give them a call.
George “Billy” Wagner, III, 46, Angela Wagner, 46, George Wagner IV, 25, and Edward “Jake” Wagner, 24, are the focus of an investigation related to the execution-style killings of eight members of the Rhoden family in Pike County, Ohio in late-April of 2016.
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Jenna's comment, June 21, 7:04 PM
There are so many serial killers and murders that live in Alaska that it would be practically impossible for troopers to track them all down. There is so much vast land in Alaska that there could be someone living off of the land and is a murderer but they are unaccounted for. However, with advanced technologies, it would be a little easier to find who law enforcement is looking for.
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Investigating OC Law Enforcement: Orange County’s DA and Sheriff Are Under Rare Scrutiny

Investigating OC Law Enforcement: Orange County’s DA and Sheriff Are Under Rare Scrutiny | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The question now is, what, if anything, will result from the investigations.
Rob Duke's insight:
Some WCC that we rarely talk about--prosecutorial misconduct and law enforcement misconduct.
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Confrontation with Shoplifters at Citrus Heights AM/PM Caught on Video

Confrontation with Shoplifters at Citrus Heights AM/PM Caught on Video | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
An intense confrontation with some alleged shoplifters at a Citrus Heights AM/PM store is going viral.
Rob Duke's insight:
California's Prop. 47 has decriminalized crime to the point where there is no deterrence....
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Austin Thomas's comment, June 18, 6:29 PM
This is very weird. These people were caught red handed shop lifting and instead of trying to run or admit to doing it they became mad at the workers. It's almost as if they think they are being discriminated against and they are the ones stealing product. This can tie into a neurological trait section of the chapter because maybe these people lack proper reasoning.... Or maybe they just don't care at all.
DS's curator insight, June 19, 4:38 PM

It's still too early to tell if California's Prop. 47 will accomplish its goals. The intended purpose is to revise criminal sentencing for petty crimes & misdemeanors often charged as felonies merely to increase prosecutors stats (3-strikes laws). The moral authority chose to support this law as part of the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act. In the long run the reallocation of resources will improve public safety once the funds reach areas where they are better spent. Individuals previously charged as felons will have a chance to opt for re-sentencing. A reduction in their previous conviction could make life post-release less hopeless, thereby improving offender reintegration efforts.

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Martin Shkreli Asks for $3M Bail Reduction to Help Pay Legal Fees

Martin Shkreli Asks for $3M Bail Reduction to Help Pay Legal Fees | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Martin Shkreli, known to the world as a "pharma bro," has asked for a $3 million reduction of his $5 million bail in order to help pay his legal fees.
Shkreli has been accused of defrauding investors and is facing felony charges for taking money from the pharmaceutical company Retrophin to allegedly pay defrauded investors in two separate hedge funds.
His lawyer, Benjamin Brafman, told U.S. District Judge Kiyo Matsumoto of the Eastern District of New York that Shkreli needs relief from that amount in order to access funds in an E*Trade securities account, the report said.
Shkreli's financial problem stems from his assets not being liquid, or readily turned into cash, according to USA Today.
Shkreli's "pharma bro" identity comes from the backlash he faced after raising the price on an AIDS treatment medication by 5,000%.
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Police Arrest Two So Far With New 'Marijuana Breathalyzer'

Police Arrest Two So Far With New 'Marijuana Breathalyzer' | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
New technology being used by the San Diego Police Department has lead to two arrests for people suspected of driving under the influence of marijuana.
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 10:53 PM
This is pretty neat. i did not know it would be possible to make a breathalyzer to identify who was under the influence of marijuana. However, I need to remember that this is the 21st century and basically anything is possible. I wonder when they are going to make this a thing in Anchorage.
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Escaped Georgia inmates captured after chase

Escaped Georgia inmates captured after chase | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Two inmates from Georgia suspected of killing two corrections officers in an escape from a prisoner bus this week have been captured after a chase in Tennessee that involved gunfire, authorities said Thursday.
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Jenna's comment, June 21, 7:10 PM
This is always neat to read how quickly law enforcement is able to respond to certain situations. These suspects pulled off some Fast and Furious type of stuff because they were able to escape from the prisoner bus. I wonder if they got the idea from the movie or just took the chance when they saw it.
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Prohibition kept Boise law enforcement officers busy

Prohibition kept Boise law enforcement officers busy | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Prohibition had no sooner gone into effect in Idaho in 1916, and in the rest of the country in 1920, than a significant part of the population began to look for ways to get around it. The demand for liquor was so great that tens of thousands of Americans who had never before broken any law now figured that making and selling illegal liquor was worth the risk. The Idaho Statesman reported regularly on those who got arrested for trying.

“Pullman-Auto Booze Seizure” read a headline on the morning of April 4, 1917. “Orric Cole, proprietor of the Cole auto livery, Ray Ramsey, one of his chauffeurs, and S.H. Paterson, a Pullman porter, were arrested Monday morning at the Oregon Short Line yards at about 8:30 o’clock, just as they were about to drive off in one of Cole’s autos with 44 pints of Cedar Run whiskey and two quarts of Sunnybrook that the sheriff said arrived Monday morning from Ogden in lower berth No.1.” Three suitcases were later found to contain an additional 59 pints of whiskey.

“Bootleggers Are Arrested” reported the Statesman on Aug. 18, 1917. “Two Caught as They Cross Nevada Line; One Tries to Escape.” Some 36 cases of liquor and a four-and-a-half gallon keg of whiskey, all worth about $2,500, were seized. The men were armed with a six-shooter and a shotgun but wisely decided not to try to use them against C. A. Haskell, deputy collector for the U.S. Internal Revenue Service; Sheriff Emmett Pfost; and his deputy, Oscar Somerville. A man who tried to escape by jumping out of a moving car and running into the brush was quickly recaptured. The liquor was turned over to U.S. officials.
Rob Duke's insight:
The late Univ. of Chicago professor, Gary Becker, won a Nobel Prize in economics, in part, by explaining this behavior.  It seems that economic incentives in a Black or Gray market is too powerful and thwarts our best attempts at deterrence.  As our efforts to stop the flow of the illegal substance ramp up, so do the incentives (profit), thus no matter how serious we take the problem and enforcement, there are always people willing to take the risks.  As risk goes up, so does reward.  

The only way to win in this game is to decriminalize and regulate the products.  When legitimate businesses must manage regulations, they naturally maximize profit, thus we make it so it's easy to observe whether regulations are followed [must sell in established places like a bar/restaurant for public consumption, or at a specialized liquor (or cannabis) store for private use].  When it's easy to monitor, legitimate businesses will act in their own best interests and help us enforce regulations.  Licenses are expensive and can be taken away for bad behavior, thus the business values the license and endures the regulations in order to make the profit associated with the business.

Let me know what you think in the comments.

Resources:
Becker, Gary, et. al., The Economic Theory of Illegal Goods: The case of drugs. (2004).
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Sacramento police add more surveillance cameras at intersections

Sacramento police add more surveillance cameras at intersections | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
10 new cameras were added near the Golden 1 Center
Rob Duke's insight:
These should solve some crimes.  Imagine a drive by shooting where officers are able to scan the last 30 minutes of recordings and find the suspect vehicle.
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California governor stops parole for Charles Manson follower

California governor stops parole for Charles Manson follower | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

California Gov. Jerry Brown on Friday night blocked parole for Charles Manson follower and convicted killer Bruce Davis.

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Oklahoma attorney general charges doctor with 5 counts of murder

Oklahoma attorney general charges doctor with 5 counts of murder | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The Oklahoma attorney general has charged a 67-year-old doctor with five counts of second-degree murder, accusing her of prescribing excessive amounts of "dangerous" medications to patients "without legitimate medical need" and causing the deaths of at least five patients.

The charges were filed in the District Court of Oklahoma County against Regan Nichols, an osteopathic physician in Midwest City, Oklahoma, on Friday morning. Oklahoma Attorney General Mike Hunter has accused Nichols of being involved in five deaths, all of which occurred between 2010 and 2013, according to the probable cause affidavit. The patients who died ranged in age from 21 to 55.
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Judges affirm 'Making a Murderer' confession was coerced

Judges affirm 'Making a Murderer' confession was coerced | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A three-judge federal appeals panel has affirmed that a Wisconsin inmate featured in the Netflix series "Making a Murderer" was coerced into confessing and should be released from prison. Brendan Dassey was sentenced to life in prison in 2007 in photographer Teresa Halbach's death two years earlier. Dassey told detectives he helped his uncle, Steven Avery, rape and kill Halbach in the Avery family's Manitowoc County salvage yard
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Cuba: Regional Marijuana Liberalization Fuels Trafficking

Cuba: Regional Marijuana Liberalization Fuels Trafficking | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The liberalization of marijuana laws is fueling drug trafficking but Cuba will not follow the trend, a government official said.
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Troopers: Wasilla man charged in 2015 Denali Highway double homicide

Bruce Floyd Dowd Butler has been charged with two counts of first-degree murder in the deaths of Lynn Butler, 42, and Richard Casler, 61, according to a Tuesday dispatch.
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Jenna's comment, June 21, 6:59 PM
What always surprises the public is how long it takes for murder suspects to be tried and charged. It took this case over two years! At least they finally came to a decision and the right man responsible for the murder.
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Britain charges Barclays, ex-bosses over "unlawful" Qatari deal

Britain charges Barclays, ex-bosses over "unlawful" Qatari deal | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Barclays (BARC.L) and four former top executives were charged with fraud on Tuesday over undisclosed payments to Qatari investors as part of a 12 billion pound ($15 billion) emergency fundraising during the financial crisis in 2008.

Britain's Serious Fraud Office (SFO) charged Barclays Plc, former chief executive John Varley, Roger Jenkins, Tom Kalaris and Richard Boath with conspiracy to commit fraud and unlawful financial assistance in its first criminal prosecution of a bank and senior managers over events during the credit crisis.
Rob Duke's insight:
Nearly 10 years out from the financial crisis and charges are still being filed....
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Rental Scam 'Mastermind' Pleads Guilty

Rental Scam 'Mastermind' Pleads Guilty | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The man who state authorities called the "mastermind" of rental scams pleaded guilty Wednesday to a felony charge of defrauding Southern California customers who were looking for affordable renta
Rob Duke's insight:
Here's a WCC scam....
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Measuring well-being

Measuring well-being | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
HOW do you measure the well-being of a country’s citizens? Looking at wealth alone is clearly not enough: oil-rich states in the Middle East may have the highest levels of GDP per person yet they lag behind the West in terms of civil rights, education and a host of other quantifiable (and desirable) measures.
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DS's curator insight, June 18, 2:35 AM

Interesting article. The sustainable economic development assessment considers investment data-points compared against financial inclusion, to measure a clear relationship between income and happiness.

Bio-social theory: Youths who manage their own finances will learn fiscal responsibility (Social Learning Theory).

Self-Control theory: inclusion & peer-influence will increase intelligence, youths will learn that it pays to avoid impulsive behaviors and reach their equipotential.

Cognitive theory of moral development (self-control). Life Course Theory, as teens mature, factors that influence their behavior change, peer influence builds (self-awareness).

Income and status affect Socialization (structural factors) are important in a stratified society. Learning to manage finances will increase youths intelligence and maturity. Interacting with peers increases personal qualities. Students of banking have less free-time thus decreasing their opportunities to commit crime. This study attempts to measure well-being in relation to financial status, some of the focal areas are quality of infrastructure, civilized society, and governmental regulation of the rule of law. 

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Anchorage stagehands union rocked by embezzlement case

The union's former secretary-treasurer took more than $193,000 from January 2010 through September 2014, federal prosecutors said.
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 10:56 PM
This always surprises me how long it takes for companies and businesses to realize that their own employees are stealing from them. It is also interesting how easily the criminals have access to the funds. It is difficult for me to imagine having that much trust with my funds in someones hands. However, I guess it would be different if you're in their shoes.
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Yakima police say emphasis patrols have helped decrease gang violence

Yakima police say emphasis patrols have helped decrease gang violence | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
YAKIMA, Wash. -- Yakima police say decreased gang-related violence this month can partially be attributed to warrant roundups that have led to the arrest of 54 people with violent criminal
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 10:57 PM
It satisfying to see that Yakima is one of few departments that are straying from the useless method of stop and frisks. Informed stops are always better than random stops. You are more likely to keep violence down as well as find something.
Rob Duke's comment, June 24, 1:54 AM
NYPD was the exception on "Stop-and-Frisk", but unfortunately, they spawned a bunch of East Coast copycats. Zero Tolerance and Broken Windows theory led to these abusive tactics, but case law never supported a random blanketing of stops. Terry v. Ohio (1968) always required probable cause for the stops.