Criminology and Economic Theory
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Bias Weighed as Motive in Killings of Brooklyn Shopkeepers

Bias Weighed as Motive in Killings of Brooklyn Shopkeepers | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
New York City detectives were looking at the possibility that bias was a motive in the deaths of three men of Middle Eastern descent.
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Alaska attorney general: Marijuana social clubs are illegal

Alaska attorney general: Marijuana social clubs are illegal | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A legal opinion clarifying the state's stance on marijuana social clubs was released Wednesday.
Rob Duke's insight:
The answer given is "no, not legal"....
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A fourth road now connects the Alaska highway system to the Yukon River

A fourth road now connects the Alaska highway system to the Yukon River | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A road that almost goes to Tanana, once envisioned as the start of a road to Nome, opens to traffic.
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What it's like to be the last generation to remember life before the internet

Being in this situation puts us in a privileged position.”If we’re the last people in history to know life before the internet, we are also the only ones who will ever speak, as it were, both languages. We are the only fluent translators of Before and After.”
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That means being able to notice things like the reduction of interactions to numbers, and how that translates into quantifications of human worth. “I think it has to do with this notion of online accountability. That is, noticing that you actually count seems to be related to a sense of self worth,” he says over the phone from Toronto, where he is based. “So it’s like if a tweet gets retweeted a couple of hundred times, that must mean that my thoughts are worthy. If my Facebook photo is ‘liked,’ that must mean I am good looking. One of the things that concerns me about a media diet that is overly online, is that we lose the ability to decide for ourselves what we think about who we are.”
Rob Duke's insight:
I'm from that generation.  I typed my college papers and printed my articles from microfiche.

The only video game we played on a computer at my school was Pong, though I worked in a recording studio that manufactured Donkey Kong and Frogger....

MTV still played music and the only way I talked to friends away from school was by making an analog phone call...


It was neither better nor worse, it just was the way things were....
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Mexico police chief fired over execution allegations

Mexico police chief fired over execution allegations | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto fired federal police chief Enrique Galindo on Monday over allegations police summarily executed at least 22 suspected members of a drugs cartel and killed eight others during a protest.

"In light of the recent events and on instructions of the president, Police Commissioner Enrique Galindo has been removed from his position," Interior Secretary Miguel Angel Osorio Chong said in a statement.
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Synthetic Marijuana Creating ‘Public Health Crisis’ in Skid Row: LAFD Medical Director

Synthetic Marijuana Creating ‘Public Health Crisis’ in Skid Row: LAFD Medical Director | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The use of synthetic marijuana known as "spice" has created a public health crisis among the homeless population in downtown Los Angeles' Skid Row area, the city Fire Department's medical director said after a multipatient emergency response Monday morning.
Rob Duke's insight:
Synthetic MJ is a misnomer.  These are chemical concoctions just like meth, or lsd or pcp....
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Contra Costa County jail inmates file class action suit over 'excessive' phone fees

Contra Costa County jail inmates file class action suit over 'excessive' phone fees | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A Southern California law firm has filed a suit against Contra Costa and several other Bay Area counties, alleging the jails are gouging inmates' families by jacking up the costs of inmate phone calls.
Rob Duke's insight:
In the name of security, these contracts cost inmates 100's of dollars for what you and I would pay pennies to make the same calls...
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'Bomb explodes' outside Brussels police building - reports

'Bomb explodes' outside Brussels police building - reports | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A bomb exploded at the Brussels Institute of Criminology in the north of the Belgian capital on Monday but the building was empty and no one was wounded, broadcaster RTL said.
Rob Duke's insight:
Europe still has big problems.....
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One Man’s Quest To Document The Highways That Tore His City Apart

One Man’s Quest To Document The Highways That Tore His City Apart | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Highways changed America forever, but they left a trail of flattened homes and fractured neighborhoods.
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The perils of not saving

The perils of not saving | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Chile is already moving in this direction. A tax-funded scheme introduced in 2008 for Chileans with relatively low incomes, 60% of the population, will pay out more than half the country’s pension bill by 2030, says David Bravo, who led a government commission on pensions last year. On August 9th Ms Bachelet proposed further reforms, including a 5% contribution to be levied on employers, which will go toward topping up the lowest pensions. A new state-owned AFP will provide more competition to private ones. Hidden charges will be eliminated. Rather than bury Pinochet’s pension scheme, Ms Bachelet may give it a second lease of life.
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Growing up poor is so stressful, it can affect brain development

Growing up poor is so stressful, it can affect brain development | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
New research reveals the connection between stress, poverty and brain development in children.
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The Truth Comes Out – Rio Police Show Their Corruption, Media SILENT in Lochte Drama

The Truth Comes Out – Rio Police Show Their Corruption, Media SILENT in Lochte Drama | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
One of the hottest stories to come out of the 2016 Olympics -- and one that has gained even more steam over the weekend since the US mainstream media was loving it -- and feeding it to us constantly is this:
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Here's another version of this story...
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Chicago's detective force dwindles as murder rate soars

Chicago's detective force dwindles as murder rate soars | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Every two weeks, Cynthia Lewis contacts the detectives investigating the homicide of her brother on Chicago's south side almost a year ago.
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Data crunchers bring precision to police work

Data crunchers bring precision to police work | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

Data crunchers bring precision to police work
Phaedra Trethan, @CP_Phaedra 5:34 p.m. EDT August 22, 2016

CAMDEN - She’s the Billy Beane of the Camden County Police Department.

Kerry Hayes, like the Oakland A’s general manager depicted in the 2003 book and 2011 film “Moneyball,” works with a small staff using data to help ensure the best outcome for her team. Only for her, that best outcome isn’t winning baseball games; it’s staying one step ahead of crime in a city where public safety is more than an abstraction — it’s sometimes a matter of life and death.

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Kerry Hayes heads the Strategic Analysis Unit at the Camden County Police Department. (Photo: Jose F. Moreno/Staff Photographer)
Hayes heads up the CCPD’s Strategic Analysis Unit, providing stats and finding patterns, analyzing trends and tracking criminals’ movements. The information she and her team provide helps the department’s leadership deploy its officers in the most effective way. It helps detectives narrow their search for suspects. And it’s an essential tool for preventing crime before it happens, says Capt. Gregory Carlin.

“Before she was here, we had uniformed police doing this kind of analysis — police who weren’t specifically trained to do it,” Carlin said. “We didn’t realize just what it was we were lacking.”

MORE POLICE NEWS: Oaklyn adds a thin blue line

Hayes came to the department after its formation in 2013. The previous year had seen mass layoffs and the eventual dissolution of the city-run department, and a subsequent spike in crime, particularly homicides. The unit, county officials said, is unique in South Jersey.

A graduate of St. Joseph’s University, Hayes worked at two of the nation’s busiest police departments before coming to South Jersey, with stints in Baltimore and Washington, D.C. She laughs when Carlin points out she originally came from a village: the village of Fredonia, near Lake Erie in New York.

Walking in as a numbers-crunching civilian to a department that was launching as a mix of new recruits and experienced veterans of the old city force, Hayes encountered a bit of good-natured resistance, Carlin admitted.

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The Camden County Police's Tactical Operations Center offers real-time information to commanders and officers on the street. (Photo: Jose F. Moreno/Staff Photographer)
“There was culture we had to change,” he said. “It wasn’t easy at first to get some of our really seasoned detectives to work with civilians.

MORE FROM CAMDEN: Forum addresses criminal justice reform

“Kerry has added to our institutional knowledge and what her team does makes us better prepared to make intelligent decisions. We still do the traditional police work — knocking on doors, working leads, talking to people — but now we’re more prepared.”

“It’s a lot of trying to connect the dots,” Hayes explained. “We’ll look at the data, compare it with different individuals the officers might come into contact with, or check it against those who’ve been involved in homicides or shootings, look at clusters of activity or different hotspots.”

Hayes and her staff are civilians who do work that once kept a uniformed officer off the streets. They work closely with the Tactical Operation Information Center, where real-time information is relayed via the city’s Eye in the Sky cameras, its ShotSpotter sensors (which detect gunfire) and officers out on patrol.

FROM THE ARCHIVES: Camden Police in the 1930s and '40s

“We have a finite amount of resources,” Carlin said. “We need to be able to use our people to our best advantage.” All the technology is a “force multiplier,” not only enabling officers to cover a wider area, but also helping to pinpoint where they’re needed, through GPS tracking of gunshots, surveillance of high-traffic areas and more.

“It gets more guns and badges on the streets.”

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Obituary: The Reverend Roly Bain, clown-priest

Obituary: The Reverend Roly Bain, clown-priest | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
At the heart of every show was his “slackrope of faith”, suspended between two crosses on a frame of tubular steel. In his hands, or rather under his giant clumsy feet, it became a theological aid. The trick to balancing, he would say, precariously trying to, was to think “up”; then you would stay up. The key to walking any distance was to keep your eyes on the cross. At one point, having clambered laboriously onto the rope, he would find himself facing the wrong way. “I wish I could turn round!” he would howl, and then: “They call it repentance in the trade.” His continual fallings off, entanglements and failures were gloriously redeemed by one last successful stroll, juggling three rings at the same time—almost: “Two out of three ain’t bad—like most people’s doctrine of the Holy Trinity.”
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Why Do We Judge Parents For Putting Kids At Perceived — But Unreal — Risk?

Why Do We Judge Parents For Putting Kids At Perceived — But Unreal — Risk? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Many parents who grew up playing outdoors with friends, walking alone to the park or to school, and enjoying other moments of independent play are now raising children in a world with very different norms.

In the United States today, leaving children unsupervised is grounds for moral outrage and can lead to criminal charges.

What's changed?

One possibility is that the risks to children have changed. What was safe in the past may be unsafe today, placing children in genuine danger. But, for the most part, the data don't support this. Statistics from the National Crime Victimization Survey, for example, suggest that violent crime rates have decreased since the 1970s (and not only when it comes to children, whom one could argue are benefiting from the increased oversight).


ENVIRONMENT
Should We Be Having Kids In The Age Of Climate Change?
The odds that a child will be abducted by a stranger — one of the fears that motivates constant supervision — are tiny in comparison with the odds that a child will be injured in a car accident. Yet parents aren't under investigation for choosing to drive their kids to school.
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South Carolina community warned about reported group of scary clowns trying to lure children into woods

South Carolina community warned about reported group of scary clowns trying to lure children into woods | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Something sinister may be afoot in the woods of Greenville, S. C. -- and, if so, its shoes are comically oversized.
Rob Duke's insight:
WTH!?!
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I arrived at my friend's party. A few hours later she died, exactly as planned.

I arrived at my friend's party. A few hours later she died, exactly as planned. | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
California's assisted suicide law just went into effect. My friend decided to put it to use — and gather her friends around her as she did so.
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Rodney Ebersole's comment, Today, 12:56 AM
This was a heartbreaking and moving story about someone using the end of life option now available in California. This is such a tough subject as many people feel that our lives are not to be taken through suicide. And there is a higher calling for us all that we may be cutting short if we take our life. However reading this account of a woman with a debilitating disease and realizing that her life was important enough to end in a peaceful state instead of in agony really makes you consider if people against this have it wrong. This was not a coerced situation by a evil relative or even a person only thinking of others. This woman knew what she wanted and wanted to make the best of a crummy situation. I see nothing wrong in this choice as she made it with what seems like a level head and wanted to be the best situation she could make for her family and friends. Most off us wouldn't choose to go this way and that is what is important about these tough social issues. People shouldn't be looking at these issues lightly, but people should also be given the choice as the only life they are taking is their own and it is under doctors guidance and done with care.
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U.S. Traffic Fatalities Continued to Surge in First Half of 2016

U.S. Traffic Fatalities Continued to Surge in First Half of 2016 | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Traffic fatalities rose 9% in the first six months of 2016, compared with a year earlier, as a stronger economy and falling gas prices encouraged Americans to spend more time behind the wheel, the National Safety Council said.
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California Crime Measure Triggers 52,000 Fewer Arrests

California Crime Measure Triggers 52,000 Fewer Arrests
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Rodney Ebersole's comment, Today, 1:15 AM
Law reform and the overcrowded jail situations in California and other states are definitely a prevalent issue that needs to be dealt with. Proposition 47 is trying to fix some of that problem by lowering many drug arrests from felony to misdemeanor charges. I agree wholeheartedly in this move as I feel drug arrests have been very non-proportionate to other crimes especially when it is just possession and not selling drugs. The war on drugs has made our prisons very full and many of those people are being incarcerated for ridiculous amounts on time compared to more serious crimes. It will be very interesting to watch how the statistics in CA continue to go with this new proposition. Hopefully people will continue to seek help through the drug programs and the jails will be less crowded and other communities will follow suit.
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USA TODAY Sports investigation raises questions about Rio cops, Lochte incident

USA TODAY Sports investigation raises questions about Rio cops, Lochte incident | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Lochte has admitted he exaggerated his initial description of how the four men were stopped in their taxi and robbed by men who flashed badges, as well as his sensational allegation of a gun being held to his forehead.

But a narrative of the night’s events – constructed by USA TODAY Sports from witness statements, official investigations, surveillance videos and media reports – supports Lochte’s later account in which he said he thought the swimmers were being robbed when they were approached at a gas station by armed men who flashed badges, pointed guns at them and demanded money.

A Brazilian judge says police might have been hasty in determining the security guards, by how they dealt with the swimmers, did not commit a robbery. A lawyer who has practiced in Brazil for 25 years says she does not think the actions of Lochte and teammate Jimmy Feigen constitute the filing of a false police report as defined under Brazilian law.
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Trial of brother of San Bernardino terrorist slated for November

Trial of brother of San Bernardino terrorist slated for November | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Dec. 2, San Bernardino became synonymous with many other cities facing terrorism around the world. That fateful day, terrorists Syed Rizwan Farook and his wife, Tashfeen Malik, abandoned their infant daughter and made their way through the Inland Regional Center, firing numerous rounds from assault rifles.

When the gunfire subsided, 14 people were dead, 22 wounded and an entire community ripped apart in fear.

Later that day on a small stretch of one San Bernardino street, a gun battle ended with the terrorists’ deaths.
Rob Duke's insight:
My grandparents house was one block from the final shootout.
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Riverside County moves forward with steps to make criminal justice system more cost effective

Riverside County moves forward with steps to make criminal justice system more cost effective | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Board of Supervisors approved this week recommendations to improve public safety outcomes and cut costs with advice and analysis from CA Fwd.
Rob Duke's insight:
Riverside and San Bernardino are two of the largest counties of the 58 in California.  I worked in these two counties for the first 12 years of my career.
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French court suspends burkini ban

French court suspends burkini ban | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
French mayors do not have the right to ban burkinis, the French Council of State ruled Friday.
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Fairbanks attorney Susan Carney will join Alaska Supreme Court on Friday

Fairbanks attorney Susan Carney will  join Alaska Supreme Court on Friday | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
FAIRBANKS — The Alaska Supreme Court will hold the installation of its latest member at the Rabinowitz Courthouse in Fairbanks on Friday.
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'They'll kill for it': Ramen is a new black-market currency in US prisons

'They'll kill for it': Ramen is a new black-market currency in US prisons | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Inmates often use instant ramen packs to barter for other food items, clothes, hygiene products and even services, survey shows.
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Rodney Ebersole's comment, Today, 1:26 AM
I couldn't help but chuckle at the thought of Top Ramen being a black market currency in prisons. However after reading the article I can see exactly why it is. Everybody gets a little crazy when they are hungry and if food supply is down these inmates need to find a fix to their hunger. It is shocking to think people would kill over noodles but eating food is one of the few things prisons can do with their boredom in prison and as many inmates likely workout frequently. Being hungry all the time would become a problem. If Ramen is such a cheap option to sell in prison, why isn't more prisons offering it as the food option? I don't think prisons are required to offer a nutritionally sound meal so I would assume they could offer these as a lunch replacement to help with budget issues. Interesting signs of the time with modern prisons and very odd issue that modern prisons deal with.