Here’s a bit of what’s happened since passage: In San Francisco, car burglaries are up 47 percent this year over 2014, while car thefts have risen 17 percent and robberies rose by 23 percent. In Los Angeles, overall crime is up 12.7 percent this year and violent crime rose almost 21 percent. That’s after 12 straight years of crime decreases in the state’s largest city.
Some saw Proposition 47 as a mere expansion on Gov. Jerry Brown’s prison “realignment” program, designed to reduce prison populations at the demand of federal judges up to the level of the U.S. Supreme Court. Convicts on a de facto basis were already seeing sentences reduced or being shifted from tougher state prisons to county jails. Many lesser offenders who might previously have gotten at least some jail time were going free on probation. Prior to Proposition 47, this had cut the prison population by almost one-fifth, while not causing crime rate increases in most places.
But the initiative does much more than mere realignment, switching many crimes from the felony category to misdemeanors. This includes most drug possession arrests, petty thefts, forged checks and receiving stolen property, with property crimes having to exceed $950 to be a felony. One result: Myriad drug addicts have adjusted their practices, trying to hold their take from “minor” crimes under that amount. Because of crowding in local jails, it’s common for misdemeanor offenders to be turned loose soon after their convictions.
One of the key players to cracking the case against former Subway spokesman Jared Fogle has a keen sense of smell and four legs.
His name is Bear and he's a dog trained to sniff out electronic media devices, including a hidden flash drive that Assistant U.S. Attorney Steven Debrota said was vital to the investigation. The 2-year-old Labrador retriever helped find evidence at Fogle's home in Zionsville, Indiana, when authorities raided the house in early July.
Nowadays the challenge for humanity is to find pathways towards sustainable development. Decision makers require a set of sustainability indicators to know if the sustainability strategies are following those pathways. There are more than one hundred sustainability indicators but they differ on their relative importance according to the size of the locality and change on time. The resources needed to follow these sustainability indicators are scarce and in some instances finite, especially in smaller regions. Therefore strategies to select set of these indicators are useful for decision makers responsible for monitoring sustainability. In this paper we propose a model for the identification and selection of a set of sustainability indicators that adequately represents human systems.
A United Nations-backed carbon-trading scheme in Europe, originally meant to combat global warming, has instead resulted in the release of more than half a billion additional tons of greenhouse gases, according to a new report.
Driver’s license suspensions have become one of Milwaukee’s most widely used debt collection mechanisms for unpaid traffic fines, with municipal court issuing almost 48,000 suspensions for that reason in 2014 alone.
According to [the exhibition organizer], the boy was very nervous, but [Andrea] Rossi [curator of the exhibition], asked that the boy not be blamed and that the family not be asked to pay for the cost of the restoration… the organizers will ask the insurance company to cover restoration costs and compensate the owner of the painting.
An Ohio prison yard was reportedly the site of a “free-for-all” earlier this month, when dozens of inmates fought over a package of drugs that had been flown over the prison walls and dropped there by a drug mule drone. Many news reports about it had a kind of dark humor to them, but the reality behind that debacle is nothing to laugh at. In addition to tobacco and marijuana, the package included enough heroin for about 100 doses, the Columbus Dispatch reported at the time. The paper followed up with a report that the percentage of Ohio state prisoners who tested positive for illegal drug use had increased by 41 percent over the past two years. In 2014, there were about 1,900 inmates in the state prison system who failed random drug tests.
A whole generation of young men feel comfortable taking man-dates out together, saying “I’m gay for” a male celebrity they like, and generally pressing man-, bro- (and dude-) into service for new words signalling that their straight-maleness is secure. The eagerness is refreshing, and telling. Everyone wins when no one is afraid to appear to be something that was never wrong in the first place.
The three ordered three bags of marijuana but didn't have the money to pay for it, according to the charging document. Mutchler told police she "knew that the plan was to shoot (the victim) and then take 'everything' from (the victim)," according to the charging document. Kowchee told police they had planned to kill the victim the day before but that he didn't show up to their appointment. Police seized a maroon 1998 Subaru Legacy registered to Mutchler's father. The car had a notebook with a page titled "hit list" on it.
But it was the modern punitive practices of countries around the world that preoccupied him in particular. Norway has had a small prison population for decades. In 2010, we had 73 prisoners per 100.000 population. But figures are going up, and it worried Christie. The “mass incarceration” in the United States worried him even more. He strongly held that words easily become empty. We need new words which do not hide reality. Rather than using the word "punishment", for example, he liked to talk of "pain" and "pain infliction". A society needs far less "pain infliction".
Three further notions characterized his activity as a university teacher, in Norway as well as in other countries. Firstly, his ability to nurture good ideas, making them blossom and become even better. Many generations of students – and young as well as elderly researchers – have benefitted from this ability.
Secondly, his originality. He had a superb ability to think in original terms where others were more mundane. He often posed original counter-questions which made others - including those who thought differently - consider new ideas and thoughts.
Thirdly, he was also original in a different way: He was, pure and simple, an inventor! Inventions are usually made by technicians and people in the natural sciences, but also by social scientists - now and then. I here give you two examples.
In the first place is the invention of Conflict Resolution Boards. Through this mechanism, conflicts which contain elements of "crime" (Nils did not like that word) are brought back to those who own them; that is, they are pulled out of the hands of lawyers and criminal justice agencies. In Conflict Resolution Boards, the conflicts are (ideally) transformed into discussions between human beings, where solutions are found. Conflict Resolution Boards represent a long history. Nils Christie is by far the most important inventor in question.
Secondly, he invented the "importation model" in criminal policy. The "importation model" is even more representative of Nils Christie' ability to think of extraordinary ways of doing things. In earlier times, specialists like medical doctors, teachers, social workers and others were employed directly by the prison system or the prison governor. Christie's idea – his invention – was to employ these individuals quite differently. He proposed to employ them outside the prison system, and import them from the outside and into the prison system. The aim was to avoid at least some of the pressure of loyalties brought to bear on medical personnel, teachers and others from those within the prison system.
Rob Duke's insight:
I just heard that Nils Christie was killed in an auto crash. Terrible news!
A number of studies have found that workers at firms where employees have a significant stake tend to be more productive and innovative, and to have less staff turnover. Employee ownership has its drawbacks, however. One is the risk that workers have too many eggs in one basket: if their employer goes bust they can lose their pensions as well as their jobs.
"What was his injustice? He viewed himself as a guy who should be here on network television news and unfortunately he found the most terrible way to get there, and to be that lead story, and to be on it," Miller said Thursday on "CBS This Morning." Miller defined "classic injustice collectors" as people who feel they aren't finding success and blame others whom they believe stood in their way.
He also said what's most troubling is the case, to him, is "really out of the textbook."
"He exhibited all the classic behaviors, the pathway behaviors, which is all the preparation he went though to do this," Miller said. "He didn't throw this together the day before yesterday. He bought that camera, he practiced with it, he obtained the guns and so on -- the following and stalking behavior, the identification of selective victims."
Other marijuana-related measures passed Tuesday night by the Anchorage Assembly include restrictions on the personal cultivation of marijuana, and on using a fake ID or other means to purchase marijuana.
Saudi Arabia is executing people at twice the rate of a year ago, making it second only to Iran in its enthusiasm for the death penalty, relative to its population. A report issued today by Amnesty International, a human-rights group, says at least 102 people were executed in Saudi Arabia in the first half of 2015 (against 90 in all of 2014), most of them by beheading. The human-rights group says around 50% of executions are for “non-lethal” crimes such as drug-related offences, and almost half of those executed since 1985 have been foreigners. Amnesty counted 694 executions in Iran, which has nearly three times Saudi Arabia’s population, in the year to July 15th. According to the Dui Hua Foundation, another human-rights group, China remains the world’s chief executioner, dispatching 2,400 offenders in 2013, the last year a figure was computed. The United States judicially killed 35 people in 2015, all for murder.
When Christian conservatives talk about “traditional” marriage, they often don't just mean a man-woman marriage, but one in which each spouse has different and supposedly complementary roles. “Male and female were created by God as equal in dignity, value, essence and human nature,” explains the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood,...
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