Criminology and Economic Theory
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Study: Pot legalization in U.S. states could hurt Mexican cartels

Study: Pot legalization in U.S. states could hurt Mexican cartels | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
This may not weigh heavily on the minds of voters in Seattle, but if Washington and two other U.S. states decide to legalize marijuana in next week's election, the impact on drug traffickers in Mexico could be enormous.
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Mari Freitag's comment, November 4, 2012 11:36 PM
I think that a lot of the conclusions in this article are pretty obvious. I understand the points by both sides of this debate, but I think that the worry about illegal trafficking between state lines is not a good enough reason to prevent the drug from being legalized. If legalized, marijuana would just be another product regulated by the federal government through the commerce clause in the constitution. I'll be very interested to see what the effects are on other states and the mexican cartels if these initiatives pass in any of the states. The writer of the article is very correct that this would be a game changer for the war on drugs nationwide and worldwide. I've always thought that legalizing pot would help alleviate some of the conflict in Mexico and on the border, simply because it would reduce the revenue those cartels are getting from drug sales. Legalizing marijuana would absolutely take out cartel sales of the drug because the cost of domestic and legal marijuana would be so much less. I don't know that anyone can really predict the way the cartels will react, but I feel like legalizing the drug will only help in the long run.
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30% of border children have gang ties

30% of border children have gang ties | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Nearly 30 percent of the illegal immigrant children the U.S. is currently holding in its secure dormitories have ties to criminal gangs, the government revealed Wednesday, suggesting the Obama-era surge of Central Americans has fed the country's growing problem with MS-13 and other gangs.
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The new, subtle ways the rich signal their wealth

The new, subtle ways the rich signal their wealth | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In 1899, the economist Thorstein Veblen observed that silver spoons and corsets were markers of elite social position. In Veblen’s now famous treatise The Theory of the Leisure Class, he coined the phrase ‘conspicuous consumption’ to denote the way that material objects were paraded as indicators of social position and status. More than 100 years later, conspicuous consumption is still part of the contemporary capitalist landscape, and yet today, luxury goods are significantly more accessible than in Veblen’s time.
Rob Duke's insight:
Every society does this in some form....how does an underground economy signal success?  Do they substitute respect with fear?  As in, when a gang member gains satisfaction in the knowledge that he/she is feared....
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Info wanted on family in connection with mass killings

Info wanted on family in connection with mass killings | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Investigators in Ohio are asking Alaska residents who may have had contact with the Wagner family, who is now believed to be living on the Kenai Peninsula, to give them a call.
George “Billy” Wagner, III, 46, Angela Wagner, 46, George Wagner IV, 25, and Edward “Jake” Wagner, 24, are the focus of an investigation related to the execution-style killings of eight members of the Rhoden family in Pike County, Ohio in late-April of 2016.
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Jenna's comment, June 21, 7:04 PM
There are so many serial killers and murders that live in Alaska that it would be practically impossible for troopers to track them all down. There is so much vast land in Alaska that there could be someone living off of the land and is a murderer but they are unaccounted for. However, with advanced technologies, it would be a little easier to find who law enforcement is looking for.
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Investigating OC Law Enforcement: Orange County’s DA and Sheriff Are Under Rare Scrutiny

Investigating OC Law Enforcement: Orange County’s DA and Sheriff Are Under Rare Scrutiny | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The question now is, what, if anything, will result from the investigations.
Rob Duke's insight:
Some WCC that we rarely talk about--prosecutorial misconduct and law enforcement misconduct.
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Confrontation with Shoplifters at Citrus Heights AM/PM Caught on Video

Confrontation with Shoplifters at Citrus Heights AM/PM Caught on Video | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
An intense confrontation with some alleged shoplifters at a Citrus Heights AM/PM store is going viral.
Rob Duke's insight:
California's Prop. 47 has decriminalized crime to the point where there is no deterrence....
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Austin Thomas's comment, June 18, 6:29 PM
This is very weird. These people were caught red handed shop lifting and instead of trying to run or admit to doing it they became mad at the workers. It's almost as if they think they are being discriminated against and they are the ones stealing product. This can tie into a neurological trait section of the chapter because maybe these people lack proper reasoning.... Or maybe they just don't care at all.
DS's curator insight, June 19, 4:38 PM

It's still too early to tell if California's Prop. 47 will accomplish its goals. The intended purpose is to revise criminal sentencing for petty crimes & misdemeanors often charged as felonies merely to increase prosecutors stats (3-strikes laws). The moral authority chose to support this law as part of the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act. In the long run the reallocation of resources will improve public safety once the funds reach areas where they are better spent. Individuals previously charged as felons will have a chance to opt for re-sentencing. A reduction in their previous conviction could make life post-release less hopeless, thereby improving offender reintegration efforts.

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Martin Shkreli Asks for $3M Bail Reduction to Help Pay Legal Fees

Martin Shkreli Asks for $3M Bail Reduction to Help Pay Legal Fees | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Martin Shkreli, known to the world as a "pharma bro," has asked for a $3 million reduction of his $5 million bail in order to help pay his legal fees.
Shkreli has been accused of defrauding investors and is facing felony charges for taking money from the pharmaceutical company Retrophin to allegedly pay defrauded investors in two separate hedge funds.
His lawyer, Benjamin Brafman, told U.S. District Judge Kiyo Matsumoto of the Eastern District of New York that Shkreli needs relief from that amount in order to access funds in an E*Trade securities account, the report said.
Shkreli's financial problem stems from his assets not being liquid, or readily turned into cash, according to USA Today.
Shkreli's "pharma bro" identity comes from the backlash he faced after raising the price on an AIDS treatment medication by 5,000%.
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Police Arrest Two So Far With New 'Marijuana Breathalyzer'

Police Arrest Two So Far With New 'Marijuana Breathalyzer' | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
New technology being used by the San Diego Police Department has lead to two arrests for people suspected of driving under the influence of marijuana.
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 10:53 PM
This is pretty neat. i did not know it would be possible to make a breathalyzer to identify who was under the influence of marijuana. However, I need to remember that this is the 21st century and basically anything is possible. I wonder when they are going to make this a thing in Anchorage.
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Escaped Georgia inmates captured after chase

Escaped Georgia inmates captured after chase | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Two inmates from Georgia suspected of killing two corrections officers in an escape from a prisoner bus this week have been captured after a chase in Tennessee that involved gunfire, authorities said Thursday.
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Jenna's comment, June 21, 7:10 PM
This is always neat to read how quickly law enforcement is able to respond to certain situations. These suspects pulled off some Fast and Furious type of stuff because they were able to escape from the prisoner bus. I wonder if they got the idea from the movie or just took the chance when they saw it.
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Five People Are Facing Manslaughter Charges Because Of Flint’s Water Crisis

Five People Are Facing Manslaughter Charges Because Of Flint’s Water Crisis | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Michigan’s attorney general announced new charges related to the crisis.
Rob Duke's insight:
A potential case study topic....
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Shooting at San Francisco UPS Center Leaves 4 Dead, Including Shooter

Shooting at San Francisco UPS Center Leaves 4 Dead, Including Shooter | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A shooting Wednesday at a sprawling UPS warehouse and customer service center in San Francisco left four people dead
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 11:01 PM
Thats crazy to read that it was an employee that did the shooting. This is scary to think especially as a worker in my own business. I wonder what the intentions were in shooters mind, I hope it wasn't because of all the stress of getting an Amazon package delivered on time.
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600 pounds of meth lollipops seized in Texas

600 pounds of meth lollipops seized in Texas | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Police investigating a reported burglary have seized almost $1 million worth of methamphetamine-laced lollipops.
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Boan White's comment, June 16, 4:13 PM
I while creative that is seriously depraved, we have enough drug addicted adults in the world there is no reason to add innocent children to the mix as well.
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Doctors perform thousands of unnecessary surgeries

Tens of thousands of times each year, patients undergo surgery that isn't necessary.
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Boan White's comment, June 16, 4:52 PM
That is just cruel and greedy. Dr. Patel should get more then jail time, what he did ruined a mans life. Can we truly trust doctors anymore, when it really counts? If we cannot trust doctors to have our best interest to keep us healthy then who can we trust when our health is in jeopardy.
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LA County Puts Thousands of Kids on “Voluntary” Probation for Merely Struggling With School |

The program, known unofficially as “voluntary probation,” assigns children 10 to 17 considered by the county to be “at risk” to a professional probation officer, with their parent or guardian’s permission.
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Cuba: Regional Marijuana Liberalization Fuels Trafficking

Cuba: Regional Marijuana Liberalization Fuels Trafficking | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The liberalization of marijuana laws is fueling drug trafficking but Cuba will not follow the trend, a government official said.
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Troopers: Wasilla man charged in 2015 Denali Highway double homicide

Bruce Floyd Dowd Butler has been charged with two counts of first-degree murder in the deaths of Lynn Butler, 42, and Richard Casler, 61, according to a Tuesday dispatch.
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Jenna's comment, June 21, 6:59 PM
What always surprises the public is how long it takes for murder suspects to be tried and charged. It took this case over two years! At least they finally came to a decision and the right man responsible for the murder.
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Britain charges Barclays, ex-bosses over "unlawful" Qatari deal

Britain charges Barclays, ex-bosses over "unlawful" Qatari deal | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Barclays (BARC.L) and four former top executives were charged with fraud on Tuesday over undisclosed payments to Qatari investors as part of a 12 billion pound ($15 billion) emergency fundraising during the financial crisis in 2008.

Britain's Serious Fraud Office (SFO) charged Barclays Plc, former chief executive John Varley, Roger Jenkins, Tom Kalaris and Richard Boath with conspiracy to commit fraud and unlawful financial assistance in its first criminal prosecution of a bank and senior managers over events during the credit crisis.
Rob Duke's insight:
Nearly 10 years out from the financial crisis and charges are still being filed....
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Rental Scam 'Mastermind' Pleads Guilty

Rental Scam 'Mastermind' Pleads Guilty | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The man who state authorities called the "mastermind" of rental scams pleaded guilty Wednesday to a felony charge of defrauding Southern California customers who were looking for affordable renta
Rob Duke's insight:
Here's a WCC scam....
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Measuring well-being

Measuring well-being | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
HOW do you measure the well-being of a country’s citizens? Looking at wealth alone is clearly not enough: oil-rich states in the Middle East may have the highest levels of GDP per person yet they lag behind the West in terms of civil rights, education and a host of other quantifiable (and desirable) measures.
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DS's curator insight, June 18, 2:35 AM

Interesting article. The sustainable economic development assessment considers investment data-points compared against financial inclusion, to measure a clear relationship between income and happiness.

Bio-social theory: Youths who manage their own finances will learn fiscal responsibility (Social Learning Theory).

Self-Control theory: inclusion & peer-influence will increase intelligence, youths will learn that it pays to avoid impulsive behaviors and reach their equipotential.

Cognitive theory of moral development (self-control). Life Course Theory, as teens mature, factors that influence their behavior change, peer influence builds (self-awareness).

Income and status affect Socialization (structural factors) are important in a stratified society. Learning to manage finances will increase youths intelligence and maturity. Interacting with peers increases personal qualities. Students of banking have less free-time thus decreasing their opportunities to commit crime. This study attempts to measure well-being in relation to financial status, some of the focal areas are quality of infrastructure, civilized society, and governmental regulation of the rule of law. 

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Anchorage stagehands union rocked by embezzlement case

The union's former secretary-treasurer took more than $193,000 from January 2010 through September 2014, federal prosecutors said.
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 10:56 PM
This always surprises me how long it takes for companies and businesses to realize that their own employees are stealing from them. It is also interesting how easily the criminals have access to the funds. It is difficult for me to imagine having that much trust with my funds in someones hands. However, I guess it would be different if you're in their shoes.
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Yakima police say emphasis patrols have helped decrease gang violence

Yakima police say emphasis patrols have helped decrease gang violence | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
YAKIMA, Wash. -- Yakima police say decreased gang-related violence this month can partially be attributed to warrant roundups that have led to the arrest of 54 people with violent criminal
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Jenna's comment, June 17, 10:57 PM
It satisfying to see that Yakima is one of few departments that are straying from the useless method of stop and frisks. Informed stops are always better than random stops. You are more likely to keep violence down as well as find something.
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Former Swiss Banker Pleads Guilty to Money Laundering Charge in Connection With Soccer Bribery Scheme

Earlier today, a private banker formerly employed by several Swiss banks pleaded guilty in Brooklyn, New York, to a criminal information charging him with participating in a money laundering conspiracy in connection with the distribution and receipt of millions of dollars of bribes paid to high-ranking soccer officials.

Acting Assistant Attorney General Kenneth A. Blanco of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, Acting U.S. Attorney Bridget M. Rohde of the Eastern District of New York, Assistant Director in Charge William F. Sweeney, Jr., of the FBI’s New York Field Office, and Special Agent in Charge R. Damon Rowe of IRS-Criminal Investigation’s (IRS-CI) Los Angeles Field Office made the announcement.

The defendant, Jorge Luis Arzuaga, a 56 year old Argentinian national, entered his plea before the Honorable U.S. District Court Judge Pamela K. Chen. According to the criminal information, between 2010 and 2015, the defendant was employed as a private banker at two financial institutions based in Switzerland, and he managed several accounts controlled by a sports media and marketing business headquartered in Argentina (the “Sports Marketing Company”). In that capacity, Arzuaga assisted the principal of the Sports Marketing Company, along with others, in paying bribes to various high-ranking soccer officials, the information states. According to the information, Arzuaga furthered the bribery conspiracy in a variety of ways, including by opening a bank account in the name of a shell company ostensibly established on behalf of the Sports Marketing Company, when, in fact, the true beneficial owner of this account was a high-ranking soccer official.
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Contra Costa DA resigns, is now a convicted felon

Contra Costa DA resigns, is now a convicted felon | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Contra Costa DA Mark A. Peterson was charged with 13 felonies hours before he was to be arraigned in a superior court civil case Wednesday at 4 p.m. He accepted a deal that allowed him to plead no …
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'Everybody would have been killed' without Capitol Police there, Paul says

'Everybody would have been killed' without Capitol Police there, Paul says | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A routine early-morning baseball practice among Republican members of Congress today quickly turned into a terrifying scene as gunshots rang out at the field.
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Arlo Olson, key witness in Fairbanks Four trials, dies in reported jail suicide

Arlo Olson, key witness in Fairbanks Four trials, dies in reported jail suicide | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
FAIRBANKS - A key witness in the 1997 "Fairbanks Four" case died Tuesday night in an apparent suicide at Fairbanks Correctional Center.
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Madoff fund has paid zero to fraud victims so far

Bernard Madoff fraud victims have gotten zero from a firm hired to distribute funds. The fund's special master, Richard Breeden, has been paid $38.8 million.
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