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HU study: Transitional justice in war-torn countries

HU study: Transitional justice in war-torn countries | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Conference probes if models of transitional justice in war-torn countries
can be applied to Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
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Alaska, where rivers reign

Alaska, where rivers reign | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Because fewer than 6,000 miles of certified public roads and highways probe Alaska's 570,374 square miles, rivers are especially important. Alaskans' dependence on rivers for in-state travel is critical, particularly for rural residents whose road systems are at best localized and short.
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A French Soldier's View of US Soldiers in Afghanistan

To those who bestow us with the honor of sharing their combat outposts and who everyday give proof of their military excellence, to those who pay the daily tribute of America's army's deployment on Afghan soil, to those we owned this article, ourselves hoping that we will always remain worthy of them and to always continue hearing them say that we are all the same band of brothers".
Rob Duke's insight:

How one French soldier saw us when he served in Afghanistan with the U.S. Army.  Makes me proud.

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Rob Duke's comment, April 26, 10:29 PM
BTW, not a soldier, but proud of them just the same.
DERRICK NELSON's comment, April 26, 10:34 PM
Wherever terrorist reap havoc causing political crimes in Afghan the U.S. military will always look and fight with professionalism.
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Push, Don’t Crush, the Students

Push, Don’t Crush, the Students | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In Silicon Valley, mixed messages fuel a best-in-class mentality.
Rob Duke's insight:

Just a reminder during the stress of finals--if you see something, say something?  That can mean all the difference to someone struggling.

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Five Years After The BP Oil Spill, The Industry Is Still Taking Big Risks

Five Years After The BP Oil Spill, The Industry Is Still Taking Big Risks | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In early April of 2010, I flew to Mobile, Alabama, to report a story for The Wall Street Journal. I covered the oil industry for the paper, and a few weeks earlier, President Obama had announced pl...
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DERRICK NELSON's comment, April 26, 11:03 PM
The bottom line is money motivation. Although simple safety precautions are followed, giant corporations such as BP will forego risk in an effort to produce top dollar returns. As long as money is a prime motivator in corporate America green collar crimes will always prevail.
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The FBI Faked an Entire Field of Forensic Science

The FBI Faked an Entire Field of Forensic Science | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
For more stories like this, like Slate on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. The Washington Post published a story so horrifying this weekend that it would stop your breath: “The Justice Department and FBI have formally acknowledged that nearly every examiner in an elite FBI forensic unit gave flawed...
Rob Duke's insight:

Wrap back to week 1 where we talked about careers.

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Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 26, 9:08 PM
I hate to find things like this in the news, but at the same time, I would rather it was out in the open than continuing in private rooms. The issue here is mostly in the ethics that the forensic scientists were employing, or one might say failing to employ. It’s important for us to understand that the reality of the situation is that science tries to be perfect, and sometimes when scientists aren’t able to perfect their work, they fudge it, just like people in many other fields. It probably wouldn’t be such a big issue if we were talking about mouse forensics, or about cat forensics, but we are talking about the lives of human beings here. The law is there to serve the public interest, and protect the public. When government agencies like the FBI are going directly against scientific principles and claiming solid evidence when none exists, it erodes public trust in the agencies we employ to protect ourselves. Don’t we have enough distrust in our publicly elected officials? Come on guys, get it straight. Be frank, be honest, be forthright, but don’t try to lie. Eventually it has to come out in the wash somewhere.
Rob Duke's comment, April 26, 10:16 PM
Robert: well said.
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Key Events in Path to Trial for Colorado Theater Shooter

Key Events in Path to Trial for Colorado Theater Shooter | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Key dates in the life of James Holmes, on trial in the 2012 Colorado theater shooting: Dec. 13, 1987 — Holmes is born in San Diego County, California, to Robert and Arlene Holmes. 2006 — Graduates from Westview High School in San Diego. 2010 — Graduates from the University of...
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Aftermath

Aftermath | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
WHAT happens right after a natural disaster matters almost as much as what takes place during the calamity itself.
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How much can you tell about a culture from how they deal with disaster?

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Milwaukee man suspected of shooting van driver who hit nephew commits suicide in Illinois

Milwaukee man suspected of shooting van driver who hit nephew commits suicide in Illinois | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Damani Terry just wanted to join a group of girls dancing in a park across the street.
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Indian girl, 13, writes emotional letter begging for her child marriage to be stopped

Indian girl, 13, writes emotional letter begging for her child marriage to be stopped | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A 13-year-old girl in India has written a letter begging her headteacher to save her from becoming a child bride.

Via Darcy Delaproser
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Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 26, 8:48 PM
This is a sad, and rather disheartening practice, but it’s also disgusting. And then you look at it from the traditional side of things as something that was done for hundreds of years. Arranged marriages are nothing new in the world, and in fact if anything they are now something more antiquated than any other descriptive word. To marry a child to another person, whether their prospective spouse is another child, or someone older, is unconscionable in our society today, but it’s not the same elsewhere. Economic concerns for the parents are a factor, along with customs, tradition, and even some old societal rules that run afoul of the law. I still just can’t wrap my head around the idea, nor can I accept the traditions. It IS a human rights violation, and it puts these children in danger as well as any children they may become pregnant with.
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Gun violence costs America $229 billion a year—more than $700 for every man, woman, and child

Gun violence costs America $229 billion a year—more than $700 for every man, woman, and child | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
HOW MUCH DOES gun violence cost our country? It's a question we've been looking into at Mother Jones ever since the 2012 mass shooting at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, left 58 injured and 12 dead. How much care would the survivors and the victims' families need? What would be the effects on the broader community, and how far out would those costs ripple? As we've continued to investigate gun violence, one of our more startling discoveries is that nobody really knows.
Rob Duke's insight:

Probably not a popular topic in AK, but something to consider when we compare ourselves to the world....

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Bitcoin's problem with women

Bitcoin's problem with women | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
If you can build a product for girls that ratifies their identity and individuality and gives them self-esteem, then you're creating something much more valuable than a few dollars' worth of savings: You're keeping them in school, and you're keeping them healthy, and you're helping them to not get pregnant. That's the kind of way that cryptocurrencies could change the world. The problem is that the men in Popper's book just don't think that way.
Rob Duke's insight:

But, the authors point out, when you can get men to talk about where they welcome women in bitcoin, it's invariably in those markets that cater to sex.  The rest of the time, women's issues are not addressed by bitcoin's managers.

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The difference between legalisation and decriminalisation

The difference between legalisation and decriminalisation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Many people mistakenly use the terms “legalisation” and “decriminalisation” interchangeably. What is the difference?
Rob Duke's insight:

Alaska, Portugal=decriminalized

 

Uruguay=legalized

 

What's the difference?

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Mississippi Cops Are Using College Kids As Drug Informants

Mississippi Cops Are Using College Kids As Drug Informants | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Alexandra Natapoff, a professor at Loyola Law School and author of Snitching: Criminal Informants and the Erosion of American Justice, estimated that 1 in 16 black men in their twenties living in high-crime, poor neighborhoods have served as an informant at least once. In those cases, authorities often exploit a person’s lack of financial resources: They can’t afford a lawyer to get them out of it, or they’re eager to accept some cash in exchange for the work. In these cases, authorities often exploit a college student’s insecurity and naïveté.
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Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 26, 8:29 PM
Though I have no problem using confidential informants (CI), I totally understand the concern that narcotics programs such as the one in the article here tend to ‘prey’ upon the less wealthy parts of society. It is in its own way, discriminatory. These young, naïve, and poor students don’t have the knowledge or the funding to properly protect themselves through legal counsel. Networks of informants are extremely useful. If you want to tackle the drug problem from the supply side. And as we all know, that is working just oh so well. WAR ON DRUGS! Let’s attack a supplier. Oh look! It’s a hydra. Every time we cut off a head, two more grow in its place! Let’s willy nilly cut heads off! It’s not working. Not working at all. So what do we do? Exactly what other groups are doing. Slowly shift away from supply side and look at the demand side. Instead of throwing everyone in jail, how about we work on the rehabilitative programs? I understand that funding is shifting away from narcotics departments and toward rehab departments. That’s because they’re learning what works better. You can do all you want in regards to trying to stop demand. It isn’t working. Reduce the demand. Things will start to get better.
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What California can learn from Saudi Arabia’s water mystery

What California can learn from Saudi Arabia’s water mystery | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Beginning in the late 1970s, Saudi landowners were given free rein to pump the aquifers so that they could transform the desert into irrigated fields. Saudi Arabia soon became one of the world’s premier wheat exporters.

By the 1990s, farmers were pumping an average of 5 trillion gallons a year. At that rate, it would take just 25 years to completely drain Lake Erie.
Rob Duke's insight:

Is this a green collar crime?  Or just an oops....?

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Scandal-scarred NYPD detective defends his most infamous cases

Simpson also ripped Scarcella for his personal conduct, taking issue with his not being able to recall details of the investigation and with the wording of business cards he used on the job.
The cards described him and Chmil as “adventures [sic], marathoners, regular guys, and mountain climbers,” which Simpson said showed a “cavalier disposition to the serious obligation of investigating homicides.”
She noted his statement on the “Dr. Phil” show that he “did not play by the rules,” and she alleged he came into her courtroom with his gun after she told him not to.
“This indicates a lack of boundaries or no regard to any consequences in violating rules,” Simpson wrote.
Her conclusion: “The testimony provided at the hearing by Scarcella was false, misleading and noncooperative . . . The pattern and practice of Scarcella’s conduct. which manifest a disregard for rules, law and the truth, undermines our judicial system and gives cause for a new review of the evidence.”
Rob Duke's insight:

Not the whole story, of course, but what he says about the judge's ruling appears to me to have some merit.  Cases years old that are similar to other cases--will I remember details?  No way.  Bringing a gun when told not to?  Who's going to protect me from the front of the court house to my home on the subway (in a city where I was a cop for 30 years)?  Sounds a bit like Aristotle's Natural Law to think a cop would need to pack a weapon.

And the business card leap of logic? How does listing one's hobbies make one a dirty cop?  Columbo was fiction, but there was a lot of truth in getting people to drop their guard by showing you had things in common with them.

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Rob Duke's comment, April 26, 10:26 PM
BTW, he checked the gun into the security check point. So, she's not mad that he brought a gun into her court, but that he carried a gun to court and checked it into a gun locker.
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How Fishing Pros Finally Caught George Perry's Miracle Bass

How Fishing Pros Finally Caught George Perry's Miracle Bass | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In late 2009, two men walked into a room somewhere in Japan and found a fisherman hooked up to a polygraph. His name was Manabu Kurita, and he was there to answer some questions. The 32-year-old fishing guide had claimed to have caught a bass that weighed just under 22 pounds, 5 ounces — a weight that would make it co-world-record holder in the all-tackle weight category for largemouth bass, the most hallowed class in all of fishing. The other men in the room were representatives from the International Game Fish Association (IGFA) and, with the polygraph running, they asked Kurita about the precise position of his boat on Japan’s Lake Biwa and the tackle he used to haul in his catch. His answers from the hourlong session evidently passed muster; six months after he hauled the fish in, the catch was certified as the IGFA’s co-world-record holder.
Rob Duke's insight:

Weird, but true.  Unusual use of the polygraph.

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Risks of ‘Brain Damage’ associated with long-term exposure to air pollution – Harvard study says

Risks of ‘Brain Damage’ associated with long-term exposure to air pollution – Harvard study says | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Rob Duke's insight:

Environmental Justice?

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Legacy of Agent Orange

Legacy of Agent Orange | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
As April 30 approaches, marking 40 years since the end of the Vietnam War, people in Vietnam with severe mental and physical disabilities still feel the lingering effects of Agent Orange.

Respiratory cancer and birth defects amongst both Vietnamese and U.S. veterans have been linked to exposure to the defoliant. The U.S. military sprayed millions of gallons of Agent Orange onto Vietnam's jungles during the conflict to expose northern communist troops.
Rob Duke's insight:

WCC and Comparative might find this interesting.

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India's Good Life Slowly Growing to Include Gays

India's Good Life Slowly Growing to Include Gays | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Several hundred men and women, waving rainbow flags, danced, stamped and sang their way through the city centres of Delhi, Bangalore and Kolkata (Calcutta) on June 29th—the first such national event in this conservative country. The parade was lent a uniquely Indian flavour by flamboyant cross-dressing hijras, known as eunuchs, although many modern hijras are gay men who feel alienated by mainstream society. Though hijras, once trusted courtiers of the Mughal emperors, have a well-established identity in India, gay men and women do not; indeed the practice of homosexuality is illegal, punishable with ten years' imprisonment.
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Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 26, 8:54 PM
Interesting how the view of the ‘good life’ from nation and culture to nation and culture can be different, but that over time, things can change, even dramatically to bring the different cultures closer together in some ways. In the past few years, several of my friends have come out of the closet, finally feeling that they no longer had to hide their sexual orientation from friends, family members, or even coworkers. As society changes and its values are opened to interpretation, we find that things formerly shunned may come to light as not nearly the evil they were portrayed as before. India rests under laws that are over 100 years old in this case. Criminalization of homosexual acts though, was still going on in the US until fairly recently as well. This is a case of another issue that will have to come to a head sooner or later. I hope that India finds a fair and equitable way to solve the legal dilemma without causing too much social upheaval too soon.
Rob Duke's comment, April 26, 10:22 PM
John Gardner (Stanford) said that this was the strength of our system: we allowed insanity and weirdness to exist with very little harassment. Gardner thought this was why liberal systems, such as ours, always seemed to respond to changing times. What other systems ostracized and no longer had in their systems, we allowed to (if not flourish) exist on the edges.
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Gunmen kill prominent female activist in Pakistan

Gunmen kill prominent female activist in Pakistan | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
KARACHI, Pakistan - Gunmen on a motorcycle killed a prominent women's rights activist in Pakistan hours after she held a forum on the country's Baluchistan region, home to a long-running insurgency, police said Saturday.
Rob Duke's insight:

Contrast this story with the one last week about the first female lawyer in Saudi Arabia.  Say what you will about the Saudi's, but they don't have gunmen killing prominent "uppity" women.

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Indonesia defiant as UN leads condemnation of looming executions | theSundaily

Indonesia defiant as UN leads condemnation of looming executions | theSundaily | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
JAKARTA: Indonesia on Sunday signalled it was determined to push ahead with the execution of eight foreign drug convicts, despite a growing wave of global condemnation led by United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon.
Rob Duke's insight:

The story continues....will Jakarta fold?

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Robert M. Purcell's comment, April 26, 8:39 PM
In the United States, it has been long contended whether or not the death penalty acted as a deterrent. In most cases, the length of time before an execution happens can dull the fear-factor. Additionally, the death penalty in the U.S. is generally reserved for murder convictions, while it seems that in Indonesia, the penalty extends to drug trafficking. Though I’m generally not a proponent of the death penalty, I don’t feel that the origination nations of these criminals should have a say in what happens to their citizens on foreign soil where they knowingly and willfully broke the laws of that sovereign nation. Moreover, though I feel the death penalty ultimately is not an effective deterrent for murder, I can honestly see the application being much more deterring for drug trafficking. Despite this, I feel as I stated in a comment in the article ‘How Mississippi Discovered the Drug War’s “Golden Egg”, that the real focus should be more on the demand side and less on the supply side. Stronger sentences for buyers, more focus on treatment, an emphasis on killing the demand for illicit drugs will cause the supply market to fall apart.
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The Entire History of the World—Really, All of It—Distilled Into a Single Gorgeous Chart

This “Histomap,” created by John B. Sparks, was first printed by Rand McNally in 1931. (The David Rumsey Map Collection hosts a fully zoomable version here.)
Rob Duke's insight:

Best history of the world summary.  Wouldn't you love to understand each of these societies?

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The feds say one schmuck trading from his parents' house caused a market crash. Here's the problem.

The feds say one schmuck trading from his parents' house caused a market crash. Here's the problem. | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Federal regulators say that Navinder Singh Sarao, a 36-year-old British futures trader whose company was reportedly based in his parents' home, illegally placed huge sell orders he never intended to complete, artificially driving down the price of a key futures contract so he could later swoop in to buy it cheaply. (This is called "spoofing" in financial jargon.)
Rob Duke's insight:

Another type of white collar crime....

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DERRICK NELSON's comment, April 26, 11:29 PM
Wall street is the central area of vulnerability to white collar crimes. The system structure alone opens up the gate for potential entrepreneurs to scandalize investors. The attraction to try and monopolize the stock market is overwhelming.
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South Korea legalises adultery - The Malaysian Insider

South Korea legalises adultery - The Malaysian Insider | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
South Korea's Constitutional Court on Thursday struck down a controversial adultery law which for more than 60 years had criminalised extra-marital sex and jailed violators for up to two years.

The nine-member bench ruled by seven to two that the 1953 statute aimed at protecting traditional family values was unconstitutional.

"Even if adultery should be condemned as immoral, state power should not intervene in individuals' private lives," said presiding justice Park Han-Chul.
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The lesser-spotted worry

The lesser-spotted worry | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The official Crime Survey of England and Wales—which, contrary to what newspapers and opposition politicians say, does not lie—shows that crime has fallen to its lowest rate since 1981. Voters continue to tell pollsters that lawlessness must be going up. But they appear not to believe themselves.
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