Criminology and Economic Theory
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Alaska couple charged with stealing tip jars

Alaska couple charged with stealing tip jars | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Police say the couple would place an order, wait for a barista to leave the window and then grab the tip jar and drive off. Police say a surveillance video identified Thorp's car and a barista remembered her from high school.
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Police 'warn' of cows trying to sell dairy products

Police 'warn' of cows trying to sell dairy products | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Police in Connecticut are reminding people to not open their doors to "any unfamiliar cattle" after a pair of cows escaped from their pen and were found near a home a couple of houses away.
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...and now for something completely different:
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Number of Alabama inmates dropping, but not without consequences

Number of Alabama inmates dropping, but not without consequences | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The law made possession of drugs, including heroin, a felony not punishable by jail time for first-time offenders.
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The Heiress Who Buzz Sawed Her Boyfriend

The Heiress Who Buzz Sawed Her Boyfriend | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
MUNICH, Germany—After sawing off the head of her bound and blind-folded boyfriend in the midst of a sex game, Gabi P. just pulled a blanket over the body, closed the door and didn’t enter the room for the next few months. It was only when she went on holiday half a year later that her new boyfriend, Christian K, an aspiring techno DJ who was freshly in love with her, accidently discovered the rotting remains when dropping by to feed her cat. (German privacy laws do not allow the publication of last names ongoing court cases.)
A friend of Christian’s remembers how, several years later, Christian once broke down sobbing in the street. Christian confessed: Gabi murdered her ex-boyfriend and he’s buried in our garden.
“And you didn’t ask him any further questions?” the judge, incredulous, asked Christian’s friend in a Munich courtroom Thursday.

“No.“
***
Last week, 32-year-old Gabi P. was on trial here for murdering Alexander H. with an electric circular saw after a fight in 2008. But what looks like coldly premeditated slaughter (Hey, let me blindfold you and get out my saw!) may have been an “act of desperation” brought on by Alexander’s insistence on degrading sex in their relationship.
At least, that’s what the defense is arguing. Most of Gabi’s own testimony is closed to the public. But from other witnesses the judge wants to know: Was Alexander very dominant with Gabi? Did he beat her up? Did he demand and pressure her into BDSM sex?
By the time police officers got around to unearthing Alexander’s remains from Gabi’s yard last year, his parents had long given up the search for their adoptive son. Yet on the fourth morning of the trial, Alexander’s mother walked up to her son’s alleged killer and shook her hand. “They’ve made up!“ an old lady in the audience whispered excitedly.
“I don’t have any hate,” Alexander’s mother told the court on Tuesday, while fighting back tears. “This is terrible for all of us.”

In court, Gabi speaks very quietly. She keeps her face covered and only looks at the judge. Her red hair dye is growing out, revealing roots that have already gone grey.
She’d started dating Alexander (whom she only refers to as “Herr H.”—Mr. H) when she was 16 years old. He, five years older, had made the moves on her. Back then, she thought it was cool “that he made such an effort.”
Rob Duke's insight:
You've heard the old saw (pun intended): Life is stranger than fiction....
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Martha Hood's comment, February 19, 10:08 PM
It seems to me that this is going to be a very interesting case, Gabi P seems to be remorseless about what she did, and her husband seems not to care that she murdered her ex. I do like how Germany does not release the last names of those involved in ongoing criminal cases, to me that seems a better way to keep a person innocent until proven guilty. If a person’s whole name is released and they are found not guilty but half the country thinks they did it they will never have a normal life again.
Us Woodards's comment, February 19, 10:50 PM
I have a feeling this case will be pored over by forensic psychologists and criminologists for years to come. On the face it looks like a heinous crime. It has all the trappings of grade b horror flick. How did someone commit such a gruesome act and then go on to lead a "normal" life? It would be interesting to see just what kind of damage she dealt with that led to where she felt the need to do this. Or perhaps she was the instigator. This is definitely one for the nature/nurture argument.
Jennifer Slingerland's comment, February 20, 1:05 AM
It really sounds like the case is going to be an easy one. They have their confession, they just have to decide sentencing. It's sad, but I've seen how frustration can lead people to do absolutely crazy things. I have a cousin (in jail for assault) who went after her abusive boyfriend with a knife after years of emotional and physical abuse. I think that sometimes people can be pushed too far and will react purely on the overwhelming emotions they experience in the heat of the moment. As the saying goes, it's the straw that broke the camel's back.
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For children who survive gun violence, road to recovery can be long

For children who survive gun violence, road to recovery can be long | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In the midst of gun violence in Chicago that has taken the lives of three kids, ABC News looks at the impacts of shootings on those who do survive and their communities.
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Jonathan Hall's comment, February 19, 8:05 AM
I can't fathom being that young and not even being able to play basketball near an elementary school safely. I would like to have read more about the services as Briana pointed out. That level of violence does definitely constitute "out of control" in my mind.
Dustin Drover's comment, February 19, 11:38 PM
I never realized how many kids were shot before. I would have guessed that number to be way lower. I also didn't realize how much pain and suffering this leaves on a child, not only the actual physical wounds, but the mental ones as well. I never thought about how this can hurt their classmates, friends, and family either. I am also wondering if President Trumps threat to send the FBI is going to be actually implemented now that these kids have been shot and crime is still on the rise? I hope that these families and kids have the right rehabilitation programs to get them through their emotional pain.
Jennifer Slingerland's comment, February 20, 1:09 AM
So sad. This is one of those topics that I feel tends to get overlooked; we wax day in and day out about gun control, but no one seems to talk about the psychological impact it can have on the survivors. It's sad that we don't have more supportive programs to help people on both sides; maybe if we focused more on placing importance on mental health, we'd have fewer people feeling as if shooting another human being is the best way to solve their own issues.
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Immigration agents detain domestic-abuse victim in court

Immigration agents detain domestic-abuse victim in court | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Six federal immigration agents went to the El Paso County Courthouse last week and arrested an undocumented woman who had just received a protective order alleging that she was a victim of domestic violence.

The detention has alarmed officials who fear that that the arrest will scare undocumented victims of domestic abuse into staying with their abusers for fear of being deported and separated from their children or other family members.

“Our clients come to us at the lowest point in their lives,” said El Paso County Attorney Jo Anne Bernal, whose office represents domestic-abuse victims when they seek court orders against their abusers. “Many of them are so frightened of coming to us because of possible immigration concerns.”

Bernal said her office is taking steps to relieve those fears in the wake of last week’s arrest.
Rob Duke's insight:
I guess it depends on the circumstances.  I didn't want my community members pushed into the arms of the gangs or cartels, so we ignored most immigration violations (we weren't empowered to enforce these Federal laws), but there were some folks who were involved in criminal activity that we asked for help from ICE....
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Eric Villasenor's comment, February 16, 7:39 PM
People shouldn't have to fear turning in an abuser because of deportation concerns. However, in most cases, they shouldn't be here illegally in the first place. It is not as difficult as people make it seem to gain residency. Those that prove their worth, can become residents.
Martha Hood's comment, February 19, 10:07 PM

If we want people to report domestic violence they should not have to fear deportation at the same time. There were better ways for ICE to handle this, they could have waited to arrest her, unless she was a serious threat. It is also suspected that the tip was from her abuser, which means that she is still suffering at the hands of her abuser. We need to protect women, even if they are not here legally.
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How the Internet's Just Starting to Transform Cuba

In the past two years, Cuba has started rolling out public access to the internet. Wifi is now available through a network of hotspots-- but access is expensive, and the connection can be patchy and slow. This week, Bloomberg Technology's Pia Gadkari visits Cuba, exploring what life looks like when a country's just starting to get online. Pia and Aki Ito hear from local entrepreneurs how the Internet is helping them grow their businesses, and discuss the potential for U.S. tech companies on the island.
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Eric Villasenor's comment, February 16, 7:43 PM
This is great. I think Cuba is finally becoming part of the rest of the modern and developed world. I was just recently looking on airbnb.com at houses in Havana. You can rent a Spanish near mansion like accommodations for $20 a day. This will only improve their economy now that travel from the US is allowed and the internet is booming and becoming part of their trade. What a success for their country.
Angela Webb's comment, February 17, 6:19 AM

I think it’s really good that Cuba is becoming more familiar with the internet. It can be a very helpful and amazing thing. It can be a great boost for the economy. helping people grow their business will further help the economy and the wellbeing of the country.
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Old doors in Palmer courthouse to get a makeover

Though the project to replace or restore nearly 70 locks and doors has an estimated value of up to &u0024;500,000, state courts officials don't expect it to cost nearly that much.
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Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, February 15, 7:38 PM
haha, I have worked on that building before, and yes the roof does indeed need to be replaced but I didn't think the doors would need to be replaced if the locks are just worn out.... Order new locks??? seems pretty obvious to me.
Angela Webb's comment, February 17, 5:55 AM
I find it interesting when they are having other more serious problems like the issue with the roof they would rather get the doors replaced. It is important for court rooms and important rooms to be secured but it seems that the locks still work and they just want the doors to be a little more sound proof. I don't see the need for this issue to be fixed before the roof. If there was tuns of money just laying around wishing for something to do then maybe it would be ok to fix the doors but I don't think its necessary right now.
Camden Pommenville's comment, February 19, 4:10 AM
It is important to maintain the security of our federal and state buildings and keep them from falling into disrepair. 500 thousand dollars seems a bit excessive in my opinion. If the doors are only taking 100 thousand, what are they planning on using the other 400 from the appropriation for?
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Life is but a stream: China’s new craze for live-streaming | The Economist

Life is but a stream: China’s new craze for live-streaming | The Economist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
LAST YEAR ZHAO XINLONG, aged 25, and his wife and baby boy moved from his parents’ farm into a mid-rise apartment in town. It has been a tough adjustment. Luan County is a rustbelt community on the polluted outskirts of the steel city of Tangshan in north-east China.
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Daily chart: How colleges affect social mobility in America | The Economist

Daily chart: How colleges affect social mobility in America | The Economist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
IS THE American elite born or made? A new study by a team of economists tackles this question. By matching data from the Department of Education with 30m tax returns, the authors examine in unprecedented detail how much graduates of different colleges earn, and how earnings vary according to parental income.
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How Your Gut Affects Your Mood

How Your Gut Affects Your Mood | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
At any given moment, you have somewhere between 10 trillion and 100 trillion microorganisms inhabiting your gut — that’s more microbes in your bowels than ther…
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Kyle Green's comment, February 18, 8:42 PM
Some of the elements in the last paragraph should be the caveat statement to all health studies. “Biology is rarely as simple as we want it to be.” There will never be a one step process to curing something without affecting another process in the body negatively.

Maybe someday we’ll understand what it is we are and how we work… that is if we don’t evolve away from what we’re studying already!
Us Woodards's comment, February 19, 10:53 PM
This article strikes close to home because my wife is always reading about (and then telling me about) the gut brain. As Kyle pointed out, "Biology is rarely as simple as we want it to be." The more we learn about ourselves, the more we realize we dont know anything. A year ago if you would have told me about the "gut brain" I would have laughed. Yet there is so much in biology that we have no idea. It makes you wonder just what is going to be common knowledge 100 years from now, that we are clueless about today.
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Trump signs three new executive orders on crime reduction

Trump signs three new executive orders on crime reduction | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
President Donald Trump signed three new executive orders Thursday that he said are "designed to restore safety in America."
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Timmy Folkers's curator insight, February 12, 4:04 AM
politics are never my strong suit. I do however I do think that when we placed laws that heeded immigration, there was a large influx of people staying in the US. I think that there could have been more people coming and going from other countrys. With more regulations needed to get into america they could have just decided to just sty in the US instead of returning home and created a climate where people are fearful to leave.  
Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, February 15, 7:32 PM
I'm glad to see someone stepping up on behalf of the police and that our president is taking some charge and making changes. We will see the repercussions of it later, but I think this is a movement in the right direction for aiding the police. True, given the nature of their work they are in danger, but they should not fear the consequences of using force when needed. Also, seeing a change towards some serious immigration flaws is a great move forward as well.
J Meiler Balog's comment, February 19, 9:39 PM
I think that this is going to be a positive reinforcement for the police. The second order that this article talks about it will be very beneficial. I think that the more interagency collaboration and sharing we have is a great idea. This is good not only for fighting the cartels but should be utilized for all situations that threaten our country or allies. Although the last executive order does give the police a little bit of relive in that they are not on their own especially after what has been happening this last few years. As Amnesty USA states in this article “this doesn’t change the underlying law enforcement issue” which is true but the police need some reassurance in their workforce and this order will help establish that.
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Greyhound passenger who beheaded, cannibalized passenger is granted freedom

Greyhound passenger who beheaded, cannibalized passenger is granted freedom | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Will Baker, also known as Vince Li, was initially kept in a secure wing of a psychiatric hospital but has been given more freedom every year
Rob Duke's insight:
Well, at least we not Canada...
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J Meiler Balog's comment, February 19, 9:53 PM
I don't know what the regulations are in Canada that are set in place to keep close eyes on these kinds of individuals but it would be so much harder to watch him and make sure he takes his medicine everyday. I would never trust this man in society again much like the mother. It is one thing to recuperate through the system (physiological or criminal) but most cases don't end up with cannibalism, this guy doesn't deserve to have the amount of freedom that he does.
Camden Pommenville's comment, February 20, 12:23 AM
I am for the idea of reintegrating criminals into society, even those with mental illness but with some sort of check system in place. I am wary of the idea of releasing a schizophrenic on his own and have him follow his medication on the honor system. Especially one with such gruesome potential. I hope he has truly changed for our sake.
Rob Duke's comment, February 20, 12:27 AM
Yeah, it's difficult to see this one as a reasonable release.
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Nullius in verba: A crash course in understanding numbers | The Economist

Nullius in verba: A crash course in understanding numbers | The Economist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

A Field Guide to Lies and Statistics. By Daniel Levitin. Dutton; 292 pages; $28. Viking; £14.99.

PEOPLE take in five times as much information each day as they did in the mid-1980s. With all these data sloshing around it is easy to feel lost. One politician uses a statistic to back up her argument; a newspaper uses another fact to refute it; an economist uses a third to prove them both wrong. In “A Field Guide to Lies and Statistics” Daniel Levitin, an American neuroscientist, shows the reader how to find a way through all this numerical confusion.

A book about statistics can easily be boring. Fortunately, Mr Levitin is the perfect guide. Before becoming an academic he used to work as a stand-up comedian. Drawing on those skills Mr Levitin peppers his book with wisecracks. He uses the phrase “on average, humans have one testicle” to make the point that the mean can be a misleading description of a population. He goes off on interesting tangents, granting the reader some light relief from detailed analysis of sampling and probabilities. Only occasionally is his hokey style annoying.

Using plenty of examples, Mr Levitin shows how easily statistics can lead people astray. Take the following assertion, which on a quick skim might seem perfectly reasonable: “In the 35 years since marijuana laws stopped being enforced in California, the number of marijuana smokers has doubled every year.” One will soon realise that this must be nonsense; even with only one smoker to begin with, after doubling every year for 35 years there would be more than 17bn of them. Mr Levitin repeatedly throws these statistical curveballs at his readers, training them to adopt a take-nobody’s-word-for-it attitude. It is an effective pedagogical technique.




Some statistics turn out to be plain wrong, but more commonly they mislead. Yet this is hard to spot: numbers appear objective and apolitical. A favourite of academics and journalists, when analysing trends, is to “rebase” their figures to 100 so as to back up the argument that they wish to make. For instance, starting a chart of American GDP growth in 2009, when the country was in recession, tricks the reader into thinking that over the long term the economy is stronger than it really is. “[K]eep in mind that experts can be biased without even realising it,” Mr Levitin reminds people.

A basic understanding of statistical theory helps the reader cope with the onslaught of information. Mr Levitin patiently explains the difference between a percentage change and a percentage-point change, a common source of confusion. When a journalist describes a statistical result as “significant”, this rarely carries the same meaning as when a statistician says it. The journalist may mean that the fact is interesting. The statistician usually means that there is a 95% probability that the result has not occurred by chance. (Whether it is interesting or not is another matter.)

Some readers may find Mr Levitin’s book worthy but naive. The problem with certain populist politicians is not that they mislabel an x-axis here or fail to specify a control group there. Rather they deliberately promulgate blatant lies which play to voters’ irrationalities and insecurities. Yet if everyone could adopt the level of healthy statistical scepticism that Mr Levitin would like, political debate would be in much better shape. This book is an indispensable trainer.

Rob Duke's insight:
A stat book from a stand-up comedian--
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Derrick Morris's curator insight, February 8, 6:31 PM

I enjoyed reading this article about the use of statistics in the Information age. This sounds like an interesting book on the subject of statistics and how they relate to Political Science. 

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Chasing thunder: Searching for Alaska's most legendary cannabis strain

Myths surround the history of the Mat-Su marijuana strain that once defined Alaska cannabis.
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Us Woodards's comment, February 19, 10:45 PM
I just read this article before starting my homework. I find the comments on ADN more enlightening than the article itself. The issue of legal weed is one that is still playing itself out, and one that is staunchly divided among Alaskans. I personally think that the public perception of marijuana is more of a nuisance than a criminal act, much like chronic intoxication. So I think the legalization of the drug is just following suit with the public opinion. I do find it interesting how analytical grow operators approach the hunt for MTF. It is surprising to me just how business oriented some of the growers are. I think in this new era of legalisation, proponents of marijuana use have a huge responsibility. If there is any hope in normalizing the drug, it must be done by showing responsible use. Stereotypes of the burned out loser must be broken. The worst thing that can happen is for people to go overboard, and drive stoned, or associate the drug with criminal acts. Marijuana seems to be at a crossroads, and this article proves it. Hopefully adults who partake are responsible, and keep it to themselves. That way it remains legal. Otherwise, they risk criminalizing it again.
Dustin Drover's comment, February 19, 11:15 PM
I first heard of this "strain" back in high school. A lot of the stoners still continue to talk about it. Whats interesting to me is that no one actually still has it. I also think that some of the public overreacts when it come to marijuana. Law enforcement, I think has done a good job at enforcing marijuana laws. From what I have seen on some of the several Alaska shows, pot usually used in law enforcement to find other information out about someone. I am interested in how the legalization of marijuana in Alaska has changed things. Has it made cops jobs easier? Harder? And how does this work with federal laws?
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U.S. Cities Experienced Another Big Rise In Murder In 2016

U.S. Cities Experienced Another Big Rise In Murder In 2016 | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Murder almost certainly increased substantially in the U.S. in 2016, one year after it rose at its fastest pace in a quarter century. The government won’t relea…
Rob Duke's insight:
The Institutional ownership of the right to use force shifted away from the police.  Into this vacuum, stepped extra-legal groups like the cartels and gangs.  The true costs of this shift will be borne by ordinary people.
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Dustin Drover's comment, February 19, 11:28 PM
Its scary to see Anchorage on one of those lists. I wish this article gave some reasons as to why the crime has been on the rise. I also wonder if the election has any reason as to why? I thought it was weird that Florida decided to not count the deaths of the Pulse victims. They were still murders. This article also mentioned that the crime rate still isn't as bad as it was in the 90s, and I wonder why that is as well?
John Oulton's comment, Today, 2:22 AM
Dustin I had the same thought as why some cities have spiked in crime over the years. I also want to know if the cities share the same crime characteristics as each other such as gangs and drugs. Trump has stated that Chicago mayor needs federal help due to its record number of murders. What about the murder rates for the other cities? St Louis has held the number one spot for the last two years and I did not know about this. I think it really comes down on the politicians who run these cities who need to find whats effective and whats not.
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The Islamic Englightenment: A counter-argument to the “clash of civilisations” | The Economist

The Islamic Englightenment: A counter-argument to the “clash of civilisations” | The Economist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

The Islamic Enlightenment: The Modern Struggle Between Faith and Reason. By Christopher de Bellaigue. Bodley Head; 398 pages; £25. To be published in America by Liveright in April; $35.

FEW topics are as bitterly contested today as the nature of Islam. America has just elected a president who speaks pointedly of “Islamic terrorism”; his predecessor balked at connecting Islam with violence and said those who did, including terrorists, were misreading the faith.

In Western intellectual debates, meanwhile, some maintain that Islam stultifies its followers, either because of its core teachings or because in the 11th century Islamic theology turned its back on emphasising human reason. Others retort indignantly that the Islamic world’s problems are the fault of its Western foes, from crusaders to European colonists, who bruised the collective Muslim psyche.

A new book by Christopher de Bellaigue, a British journalist and historian of the Middle East, hews to the latter side, but with an unusual twist. He describes how Islam’s initial encounter with modernity, two centuries ago, had some benign consequences and he sees that as a basis for hope. Sceptics will inevitably call the book’s title, “The Islamic Enlightenment”, naive or oxymoronic.

Still, having focused for a number of years on Iran and modern Turkey (from where he reported for The Economist), Mr de Bellaigue is well-placed to tease out at least one strand of the debate about Islam: the reaction to European influence as it unfolded over the 19th century in the political and cultural centres of the Muslim world following Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt in 1798.
The author succeeds in his main purpose, which is to show that in Cairo, Istanbul and Tehran, prominent figures embraced aspects of Western thought and technology with discernment and gusto while remaining good Muslims. His heroes are writers, doctors, generals and sultans. They include Abdulrahman al-Jabarti, an Egyptian sheikh who articulated the fascinated shock with which his compatriots greeted the arrival of Napoleon, accompanied by scientists and scholars. Jabarti had grown up believing that his own faith’s superiority should assure success in war. However, his honest, lively mind had to acknowledge both the invaders’ more effective firepower and the intellectual heft which the French were bringing to the study of his homeland.

In Istanbul the sultan, Mahmud II (pictured), responded to the rising strength of Western powers by imitating them. He curbed the rapaciousness of his civil servants and clerical reactionaries. By removing religious restraints on the study of the body, he ushered modern hygiene and medicine into a region ravaged by plague. 

In Persia, meanwhile, Abbas Mirza, a charismatic prince, drew on French and British help to modernise an army run on medieval lines. Young Persians were sent to train in Britain and proved quick learners. One of them, Mirza Saleh, wrote a remarkable account of his travels and became the country’s first journalist.

Mr de Bellaigue shows that in the Islamic world, just as in the West, efficient forms of transport and communication made it easier for intelligent individuals, including women, to share ideas. This is one example of the rich detail that his research brings to the stories of these Muslim modernisers and the violent reaction they sometimes triggered.

In the book’s final two chapters, there is an abrupt change of pace as the author speeds through Islam’s dealings with European colonial powers during the late 19th and, above all, in the early 20th century. It is a fairly accomplished gallop through difficult terrain and its purpose is to show, in very broad terms, why relations between Muslims and Westerners would eventually turn so sour. Western policies became greedier and more cynical, especially during and after the first world war, and this triggered a sharp reaction in the Muslim world, enraging humble, pious folk as well as clever elites.

The author empathises with the resentment felt by Muslims over being used as geopolitical pawns and over the arbitrary borders that were drawn by Europeans. That prompts him to write with a degree of understanding about all the popular movements that successively shook Islam’s heartland, including Turkish nationalism, the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and even the Iranian uprising of 1979.

He acknowledges that these last two movements amounted to a form of “counter-enlightenment”, reinstating theocracy, but he insists that even the mullahs’ Iran has some modernising features: they educated an unprecedented number of girls.

Mr de Bellaigue is equally adamant that the positive legacy of the period closest to his heart (the early and mid-19th century) is still partially intact. For him, the very fact that there was once an era in which the Islamic world drew, selectively and intelligently, on Western ideas and technology while remaining true to itself, still gives hope. For one thing, it means that Muslims now migrating to the West retain, deep in their collective memories, an intimation that Islam can flourish in an enlightened form. His book thus offers a refreshingly optimistic counterpoint to the idea that Muslim and Western world-views are doomed to clash.

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Seven Hong Kong policemen jailed for assault on democracy activist

Seven Hong Kong policemen jailed for assault on democracy activist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A Hong Kong court sentenced seven policemen to two years jail on Friday for beating a handcuffed pro-democracy activist during mass democracy protests in 2014, a rare case of police brutality in the financial hub that triggered public outrage.
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Jennifer Slingerland's comment, February 20, 1:16 AM
I’ll just never understand this sort of thing. How many stories have we had now where police find themselves struggling to justify the use of force in situations like these? It’s truly unfortunate, and sometimes makes it seem like all police forces are run by criminals. Surely it can’t be legal for a police officer to assault someone for peacefully demonstrating, right? I’m sure Hong Kong’s political structure is different from the US – perhaps they don’t have the same emphasis on freedom of speech or protest as we do – but this truly boils down to a humanitarian standpoint. How long can we continue to numbly scroll through these articles and wonder when the world will change?
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After a decade fighting the cartels, Mexico may be looking for a way to get its military off the front line

After a decade fighting the cartels, Mexico may be looking for a way to get its military off the front line | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Mexico's decade-old drug war and the military's role in it has brought on a number of abuses, but the government may be trying to change its strategy.
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Briana Whiteside's comment, February 19, 2:37 AM
it is interesting to see how the one drug war is going it is also interesting to see how the people react to the changes or the fight itself. Because of the involvement and the crack down it sounds like the people dont want the president of Mexico in office.
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A protest style dating back to 1970s Germany is resurfacing in the US, and police are worried

A protest style dating back to 1970s Germany is resurfacing in the US, and police are worried | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it



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Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, February 15, 7:24 PM
I was aware of this incident when it occurred, I enjoy listening to Milo on various platforms; he is actually quite entertaining as well as educated and intelligent. Interesting though that the students organized as such; seems like it (black bloc) is an effective method for causing the police trouble and confusion. I also found it intriguing that the students seem to see themselves in the right... Perhaps this is a showcase of the younger generation and their agenda(s)...? How do we continue the rights to free speech and to assemble if these are going to continue to occur? Do those rights then be terminated/suspended temporarily until we discover how to keep everyone calm and cool?
Samantha Pershing's comment, February 19, 7:19 PM
It really sucks that a few people out of many can make protesting look like a bad thing. I really like this article because it explains what really happened. What I mean is that it doesn’t make the situation look like everyone was violent. It also makes me think how hard it is for law enforcement to handle situations with violent protestors, because it is hard to tell if a protest would be likely to turn to violence, as well as deal with finding the violent protestors out of the peaceful ones. Furthermore, the more law enforcement pushes, the harder that the violent protestors will push back.
Martha Hood's comment, February 19, 10:19 PM
What I find really sad is that a lot of people do not know about this, they think it is all the protesters. I think the Black bloc is just a bunch of people who don’t want to make a statement but just want to cause trouble. If they really cared about the issues that they are supposedly protesting, then they would not bring such bad light to the protests. They make everyone else look bad and take away from the message.
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Convicted Sex Offender Arrested in Killing of Ohio State Student

Convicted Sex Offender Arrested in Killing of Ohio State Student | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Police in Ohio have arrested a suspect in connection with the shooting death of 21-year-old Reagan Tokes, who was a senior at Ohio State University.
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Joshua Vey's comment, February 13, 8:17 PM
Sick people out there.
Ashley DeLoney's comment, February 18, 5:34 PM
My heart dropped the moment I read this. It seems more and more these days women and being taken, raped and killed. I can't believe that the time for kidnapping and raping is only 6 years. Especially if he kills his next victim...
Jonathan Hall's comment, February 19, 7:56 AM
That is scary. It sounds like something from a TV show. I must agree with Ashley. 6 years does not seem like a long enough sentence for kidnapping and rape.
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Meet Mr Green

Meet Mr Green | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

IMMANUEL KANT (1724-1804) never set foot outside his native East Prussia. For all but a few years of his long, uneventful life he lived and taught in the Baltic port of Königsberg. Yet no philosopher since Aristotle has exercised such influence. Kant's thought transformed how the modern world approached enduring problems in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and aesthetics. “The Critique of Pure Reason” ranks among the most important works of philosophy ever written; it is still one of the most difficult. Lord Macaulay, a great English historian, was exasperated to discover that he could not understand a word of it.

Kant was one of the first thinkers to concentrate on philosophy alone, and the difficulty of his writing arises partly from a deliberate attempt to professionalise the subject and give it the rigour of experimental science. Yet his true originality went far deeper. Kant sought to reconcile two dominant but conflicting traditions: the rationalism of Descartes and the sceptical empiricism of Hume. Our experience of the outside world is never bare, Kant argued, but comes, as it were, ready clothed in thought; yet thought about an objective world is itself necessarily limited by the range of possible experience. The result, if true, was to throw humanity back on its own cognitive resources. God, the soul, immortality became hypotheses, things in themselves were inaccessible to human perception, and certainty was possible only within the limits dictated by the apparatus of human thought. The entire structure of metaphysics and theology seemed to totter under the rigour of Kantian criticism. Even though his intention had not been to subvert religion or the state, he was dubbed der Alleszermalmer, the “all-crusher”. Yet the instrument of his critical philosophy was not the blunt hammer of a Nordic god, but the clarifying precision of systematic thought.

That precision is famously reflected in the folk memory of the philosopher, partly based on early biographers who knew him only in old age, which depicts him as a pedantic, solitary, slightly absurd bachelor whose entire life was run according to inflexible rules and whose habits were as regular as clockwork. This “machine man” derives from the popular image of Kantian ethics, which is founded on the metaphysical concept of the categorical imperative. Formulations of this moral principle vary. Sometimes Kant says: “Act as if your maxims were to serve at the same time as a universal law.” Alternatively he emphasises the importance of treating others “always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means.” The categorical imperative was easily vulgarised: into a duty to humanity in general rather than to anybody in particular, and more sinisterly into the elevation of race, class or any other collective above the individual. Kant's most famous passage evokes “the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me”, the existence of which, unlike that of God, is not conjectural. Though a man of the Enlightenment, Kant also believed, however, that humanity had a natural propensity to “radical evil”.

Manfred Kuehn's excellent new life is the first substantial biography of Kant since Germany's historical catastrophe, and the figure who emerges is not the familiar caricature of a withdrawn Prussian professor. The young Kant overcame his humble origins to become an elegant man-about-town. Oddly, Mr Kuehn glosses over the fact, evident from his portraits, that Kant was pigeon-breasted and slightly hunchbacked. His gregariousness is thus all the more striking, and Mr Kuehn goes so far as to say that conversational dialogue was of decisive importance to his thought: “His critical philosophy,” he writes, “is an expression of this form of life.”

Indeed, it is fascinating to learn from Mr Kuehn's account how large a debt Kant owed to his daily talks with a scholarly English merchant, Joseph Green, of Green, Motherby & Co. It was under Green's influence that the dandy developed into the ascetic, devoted to duty and with a missionary zeal to rescue philosophy from the entropy of scepticism. Green it was who spent every afternoon conversing with Kant until seven o'clock sharp (neighbours set their watches by the moment at which the professor emerged from their conclave), Green who shared his hero-worship of Hume and Rousseau, Green who showed Kant how to live his life according to strictly applied maxims, Green who guided Kant's modest investments, Green with whom he often dozed off as they smoked their pipes together. “Green's effect on Kant cannot be overestimated,” concludes Mr Kuehn.

So the greatest German philosopher was also, we learn, a great Anglophile. He was, in this respect, not untypical of Frederick the Great's Prussia, and especially of the Hanseatic ports. The combination of English commerce and German intellect was evidently unbeatable. During the years of Anglo-German enmity, Joseph Green was forgotten. Today, it would be a splendid gesture for the many German firms in London to commemorate the unknown Englishman who helped Kant to greatness and thereby made Germany a home of philosophy for the next two centuries.

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Building trust: Activists and Salt Lake City police meet regularly to talk about use of force, other issues

Building trust: Activists and Salt Lake City police meet regularly to talk about use of force, other issues | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
When two police officers shot and critically injured a 17-year-old black boy outside of a Salt Lake City homeless shelter nearly a year ago, it sparked another round of angry protests. “We’re not going t
Rob Duke's insight:
This is what I'd call the logistics part of policing.  Care and feeding of relationships before there's a problem....
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Paris Street Urinals Double As Mini Gardens

Paris Street Urinals Double As Mini Gardens | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Equipped with a miniature garden on the top, the Uritrottoir is an eco-friendly street urinal that turns pee into compost.
Rob Duke's insight:
Um? ok, I guess....
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Sara Mckinstry's comment, February 13, 2:54 AM
i guess its a pretty good idea to do this. at first it was disgusting but if its making a better choice for the earth and people will do I guess it cant be to bad.
Eric Villasenor's comment, February 16, 7:46 PM
Much like needle disposals in grocery stores and free syringes, it's best to give people a sanitary solution to their bad decisions, than to pretend like the bad decisions aren't going to happen. I'm confident these urinals were put in because people were too lazy to find a restroom. Having said that, this is a solution to the unsanitary public urination that will leave the urine on the ground.
Angela Webb's comment, February 17, 6:05 AM
I had no idea this issue existed. I find it repulsive that people are actually urinating in public and it’s become a major problem. I would say that you shouldn't encourage such behavior by setting up these urinal planters. But since this has been a problem for a while and they haven't been able to stop it this is a pretty clever solution.
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NYPD's 'Uncle Rodney' Guides Officers to Try and Make City's Neighborhood Policing Program Work

NYPD's 'Uncle Rodney' Guides Officers to Try and Make City's Neighborhood Policing Program Work | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
As we celebrate Black History Month, NY1's Dean Meminger introduces us to a police officer who is responsible for trying to make the city's neighborhood policing program work.
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Program teaches police, responders to look for meth lab indicators

Program teaches police, responders to look for meth lab indicators | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Drain cleaner, camping fuel or coffee filters in unusual locations may be signs of a one-pot meth lab, emergency responders learned Monday.
Rob Duke's insight:
Knowing what to look for can save your life....the wrong time and mixture can be lethal.

Also, look for lots of Martha Stewart sheets (cheap and high thread count for filtering); red phosphorus from feed stores; batteries; large rubbermaid tubs, propane cans.....lots of empty diet pill or cold medicine containers.
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Derrick Morris's comment, February 12, 8:55 PM
This article was more in depth than an episode of "Breaking Bad". Prior to reading this, I’d never heard of a one-pot meth lab. Talk about reactions water & lithium metal, who knew? This program benefits those who attended or persons who would respond to a lab type situation.
Rachel Nichols's comment, February 12, 10:38 PM
The things that people come up with astound me... I never knew that simple things out of place could mean that something so serious is going on. It will be interesting to me if I ever do see something because I know I won't be able to not look for these types of things, just because these things interest me. It is sad that people will do whatever they can and find whatever way possible to get the drug because they are so addicted.
J Meiler Balog's comment, February 19, 10:28 PM
This is a great training course and something that officers should look out for. With this becoming and issue all over the nation, especially in the town I live in this will hopefully have a positive impact on communities. After all this terrible product could be made right next door and you would never know it until it blew up.