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SD executes man for rape, death of 9-year-old girl

SD executes man for rape, death of 9-year-old girl | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Donald Moeller, 60, received a lethal injection at the state penitentiary in Sioux Falls, marking South Dakota's second execution this month in an unusual surge for a state that has carried out just two other death sentences since 1913.
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Cleaning up

Cleaning up | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Consequently, people like Ms von der Heyde have some tough decisions to make. She is unwilling to raise prices to pass the extra costs along to customers, as London is already expensive. So pay differentials may have to go, meaning that senior employees won’t get wage rises in line with the lowest-paid. The hospitality industry already employs a younger workforce than any other big sector (about one-third are under 25); many hotels and bars will hire more youngsters, who do not qualify for the new living wage until they are 25 years old. That should at least help to reduce youth unemployment, currently 16%.  
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The Murders Don't Stop - War on Drugs Responsible for Outrageous Death Toll in Mexico

The Murders Don't Stop - War on Drugs Responsible for Outrageous Death Toll in Mexico | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
When I first shook hands with Felipe de la Cruz Sandoval this winter outside of the Mexican Consulate in NYC, images of my one of my favorite tios sprung to mind, creating an immediate sense of kinshi
Rob Duke's insight:

I was traveling throughout western Mexico in the Spring of 2006 and saw that Felipe Calderon's Presidential campaign to get tough on drug traffickers was being received well by the voters.  I also never had any perception of danger towards me as an American and the streets were relatively safe.  I would not travel there now.  

 

Even though Presidents in Mexico serve only 1 five-year term, Mexico is still plagued by this unfortunate policy change.

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Boozing it up

Boozing it up | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Who really drinks the most alcohol?TO JUDGE by national averages, Belarus, Moldova and Russia are the biggest drinkers in the world, quaffing between 15 to 18 litres...
Rob Duke's insight:

Compare Saudi Arabia (total prohibition) to the U.S. (mostly legal, but regulated).

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Homeland Security Today: NEW - What is the Most Secure Web Browser?

Homeland Security Today: NEW - What is the Most Secure Web Browser? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Three security strategies
 
Minimize damage. The browser is going to be penetrated, but it doesn’t generally contain much sensitive information. Compartmentalize your environment to prevent attackers from accessing sensitive data and resources directly from the compromised browser.
 
Contain the attack. The initial infection isn’t where the real damage happens. However, attackers use it to launch follow-on attacks on ever more useful and privileged accounts and devices. Ensure that attackers can’t use the browser as a beachhead to expand their attacks into the rest of the network.
 
Automate recovery. After detecting a breach it can take significant time and effort to lock down the affected machine and restore things to a safe state. This is expensive, and delays might give the attacker time to move on before the infection is cleared. Also, it tends to limit recovery to cases where an infection has been definitively detected. If recovery can be made quick and cheap enough, it can be done when there is even a suspicion of infection. Better yet, the system can be recovered to a safe state very frequently even if nothing has been detected to remove any advanced or zero-day malware.
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Purchasing marijuana puts kids at risk - D.A.R.E. America

Purchasing marijuana puts kids at risk - D.A.R.E. America | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
As a former deputy sheriff, I know from enforcing senseless marijuana laws that children only are being put in more danger when marijuana is kept illegal (“ Legal pot poses another threat to children,” July 8 letter from Dr. Johanna Said). The term “controlled substance” is very misleading.
The goal of prohibiting marijuana was to eradicate its use, but in reality, the drug has become infinitely harder for law enforcement to control. People like me, and other advocates of marijuana legalization, are not totally blind to the harms that drugs pose to children. We just happen to know that legalizing and regulating marijuana will actually make everyone safer. Merely decriminalizing it will do nothing to undercut the dangerous illicit market that is currently selling to kids everywhere.
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How Do You Stop Intractable Conflict? Take Away The Profit

How Do You Stop Intractable Conflict? Take Away The Profit | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
“Our idea is that using these different tools — whether it’s sanctions enforcement or civil assets forfeiture or criminal cases for pillage as a war crime or anti-money laundering or even basic bank or mail fraud — that there are opportunities the nodes of the system where people are making a profit off of the conflicts that are ongoing in parts of eastern and central Africa,” Kumar explained.
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MIT researchers figure out how to break Tor anonymity without cracking encryption | CyberSecurity | Privacy

MIT researchers figure out how to break Tor anonymity without cracking encryption | CyberSecurity | Privacy | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

 

 

Researchers can identify which hidden service you're connecting to with 88% accuracy.

 

 

 

 

Learn more:

 

 

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/securite-pc-et-internet/?tag=TOR

 

 

 

 


Via Gust MEES
Rob Duke's insight:

This could kill the Dark Web....

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Gust MEES's curator insight, July 29, 6:21 PM

Researchers can identify which hidden service you're connecting to with 88% accuracy.



Learn more:


http://www.scoop.it/t/securite-pc-et-internet/?tag=TOR


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Multiplier effects

Multiplier effects | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
César Hidalgo tackles the question in another way. Economies grow, he says, because the information contained in them grows—not just in people’s heads, but also in the social networks that connect everyone and even in the objects that populate the world. What is more, this ever-expanding pool of information did not start with humans, but dates back to the beginning of time. “[W]e are born from it, and it is born from us,” he writes gnostically.
Rob Duke's insight:

This is the basis of my Social Energy Theory.  Life's a team sport and those who cooperate and share do better than those who don't; or are kept from doing so by whatever institution is altering incentives (e.g. vertical c.j. system; or drug lords...either are detrimental, but the trick is in telling which is which.....).

Dwight Waldo, H. George Fredrickson, Chester Newland, and Elinor Ostrom all pointed towards ways that public administrators could help balance the way people deal with one another.  See the work of Alberto Guereirro Ramos also for a great discussion of how both the left and right tend to stifle these tendencies toward cooperation.

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In Rise Of U.S. Vape Shops, Owners Eye New Marijuana Market

Vape shops are looking into the medical marijuana market.
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Makes sense....

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Are landlords to blame for Britain’s housing crisis?

Are landlords to blame for Britain’s housing crisis? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
AS WE noted earlier this month, soaring house prices in Britain have put homeownership out of the reach of many young Britons. Although there are many causes behind...
Rob Duke's insight:

Fairbanks, are you listening?  You have a terrible jobs-housing mix.  Students and younger workers cannot afford $1600 mo. plus fuel in the winter.  It's not fair when a home can be purchased for less than the rent!

 

That should generate some comments....

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Why are the rights to “Happy Birthday” in dispute?

Why are the rights to “Happy Birthday” in dispute? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The evidence in Ms Nelson's birthday suit seems to suggest that the rights to the music expired either 70 or 95 years ago, while the words to "Happy Birthday to You" never belonged to the remarkable Hill sisters to begin with. Now the courts must decide once and for all.
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Why Cybersecurity Is So Difficult to Get Right

Why Cybersecurity Is So Difficult to Get Right | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
It seems like hardly a week goes by without news of a data breach at yet another company. And it seems more and more common for breaches to break records in the amount of information stolen. If you’re a company trying to secure your data, where do you start? What should you think about? To answer these questions, I talked to Marc van Zadelhoff, VP of IBM Security, about the current state of cybersecurity and the Ponemon Institute’s 2015 study of cybersecurity around the world, which IBM sponsored.
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Inside Quebec's Paul Walker Memorial Ride | VICE | United States

In the small city of Saint-Eustache, a revved-up car rally was held in honor of the fallen Fast and Furious star, much to the chagrin of the local cops.
Rob Duke's insight:

This is a metaphor for what you'll see everywhere in the world: yes, there's people breaking the law here, but most are not.  In fact, they say: We're not friends--we're family.  And, they mean it.  So how do you police this in an authentic way?

 

Is zero-tolerance an authentic way to police?  It certainly works: the Big Apple was once something akin to Gotham City, the fictional city that was based upon it, but something happened from about 1995 on--it cleaned up.  Is it coincidental that those we're the years when Bill Bratton was implementing zero-tollerance and Stop-n-frisk policing?  This isn't a one-off either, his policies had been equally effective at Massachusetts Transit Authority (1983-1986) and the New York City Transit Police (1990-1992).  Both of these are striking because the transit system clean up was considered to be an impossible job, and this clean up happened many years before the crime drop that is often credited with the clean up of New York.  Look at other big cities like Chicago and Philadelphia that did not enjoy similar drops in crime.

 

So, this success for now-unpopular policy is a major hurdle for community policing and restorative justice.  

 

How do we resolve this problem?

 

I'd argue that there's a balance to be achieved using something like the Coalignment theory that adopts a "normal' restorative approach with community policing; and, elevates policing to something similar to zero-tolerance during times when gang shootings have occurred.

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Carson: 'Term limits create more opportunities for fresh ideas'

Carson: 'Term limits create more opportunities for fresh ideas' | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Carson: 'Term limits create more opportunities for fresh ideas'
Rob Duke's insight:

As a City Manager with a few dealings in Sacramento, term limits meant that legislators are no longer in charge. Term limits shifts the power to lobbyists and the Sentor's/Assembly Person's professional staff.  California has the Line Item Veto, so much of the power has already been shifted to the governor (power of the purse); by enacting term limits, you also move the power of persuasion. Instead of researching and writing new laws/amending old ones in partnership with their constituents, the legislator never has the time to figure out what they should do (because they term out), so they begin to depend on the lobbyists to help them. Laws are now written by interest groups and not by your reps. When I in grad school, I felt this way too despite what my professors recommended. It took having to witness the impacts for me to change my mind.

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BBC News | MIDDLE EAST | Getting a drink in Saudi Arabia

BBC News | MIDDLE EAST | Getting a drink in Saudi Arabia | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
But, as in every country that has tried to ban alcohol, smuggling and trying to make drinks locally has become the alternatives for those who want to have a drink, or for those who want to profit from selling banned substances.
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DEA Chief says: "Marijuana probably not as dangerous as heroin, but I'm not an expert..."

DEA Chief says: "Marijuana probably not as dangerous as heroin, but I'm not an expert..." | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
On a recent policy call the new head of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Chuck Rosenberg, said marijuana is probably less dangerous than heroin. He went on to say, “I’m not an ex
Rob Duke's insight:

Wait? I thought Captain Obvious was already working for Hotels.com....

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What laws in the jungle?

What laws in the jungle? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
SPYING typically involves stealing secrets by lying and cheating. How then should law-governed states deal with this lawless branch of government? Technology is...
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Does It Make Sense To Split The Check At A Restaurant?

Does It Make Sense To Split The Check At A Restaurant? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The results were consistent with the economists’ hypotheses: Those who were getting a free meal spent the most (especially one cheeky person who, judging by this chart from the study, really went all out). Those who were splitting the bill spent less, and those who were paying individually spent the least — costs are in Israeli new shekels.
Rob Duke's insight:

Free riding is always a problem in society, so we have to be careful with the incentives and disincentives that we set up.

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7 Things Leaders Do to Help People Change

7 Things Leaders Do to Help People Change | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
We found that some behaviors were less helpful in changing others. We found two that had little to no impact, thereby providing useful guidance on what not to do:

Being nice. Sorry, but nice guys finish last in the change game. It might be easier if all it took to bring about change was to have a warm, positive relationship with others. But that isn’t the case.
Giving others incessant requests, suggestions, and advice. This is commonly called nagging. For most recipients this is highly annoying and only serves to irritate them rather than change them. (This is the approach many tend to adopt first, despite its lack of success.)
Rob Duke's insight:

Instead:

1. Be inspirational;

2. Notice problems;

3. Make sure goals are clear;

4. Challenge standard approaches;

5. Build trust in your judgment;

6. Have courage;

7. Make change a top priority.

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Can Congress over-ride a Supreme Court decision?

Can Congress over-ride a Supreme Court decision? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
LAST WEEK, in a fit of chutzpah or foolishness, Rick Santorum, a GOP presidential candidate known for his unyielding social conservatism, accepted an invitation to...
Rob Duke's insight:

Um, no not really Mr. Santorum....better go back and read the Constitution.

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Kaitlyn Evans's comment, Today, 5:46 PM
I don't understand how someone can think that Congress can scale back on rights given to individuals. I'm sure if we wanted to scale back on the right of freedom of religion Mr. Santorum would feel the same as Ms. Maddow does about same sex marriage.
Rob Duke's comment, Today, 9:54 PM
I think he's saying that when the court makes a narrow ruling, Congress has some room to close that problem, but he claims much more power than that (at times). Of course, Congress can amend the Constitution, but, if that's what he means, he glossing that point over and underestimating how difficult it is to do so.
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U. of Cincinnati Cop Indicted in Traffic Stop Killing, Video Released

U. of Cincinnati Cop Indicted in Traffic Stop Killing, Video Released | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
University of Cincinnati police officer Ray Tensing has been charged with murder in the killing of Sam DuBose, a black man, during a traffic stop two weeks ago. Prosecutors today announced the indictment and released video from Tensing’s body camera that shows him shooting DuBose in the head.
Rob Duke's insight:

I'll wait to chime in until you tell me what you think.  Can someone drive off and (maybe) drag an officer?

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How a Law Forcing Therapists to Report Patients for Viewing Child Pornography Could Backfire

How a Law Forcing Therapists to Report Patients for Viewing Child Pornography Could Backfire | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
California's new rules are meant to protect children, but could lead to fewer pedophiles getting treatment before acting on their sexual impulses.
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'Well-mannered' boy, 15, allegedly lured girl, 8, to her death

Neighbors were left stunned after the youth, who had a good reputation in the community, was arrested in connection with the murder of Madyson Middleton in Santa Cruz, California.
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Buckle up

Buckle up | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
AS ANYONE who has ever set foot in Lebanon knows, the country’s drivers are a force to be feared. Motorists on the winding mountain roads think nothing of overtaking on a blind corner, at twice the speed limit. Keeping up-to-date with phone messages is a must, in the driver’s seat or otherwise. Seat belts? Often still covered in plastic wrapping.

Little wonder then that three months after a tough new law on driving came into force it is still the topic of conversation around Beirut, the traffic-clogged capital. As regulations go, this one is particularly stringent. Status-enhancing yet dangerous manoeuvres, such as driving a motorbike on one wheel, can entail a fine of up to 3m Lebanese pounds ($2,000) and even time behind bars. Dark-tinted windows are banned. Children under ten cannot be taken on motorcycles, thereby outlawing one of the region’s favourite modes of family transport. Learner drivers must take proper lessons rather than being taught by relatives, themselves home-schooled in the art of dodging pedestrians and potholes.
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Destination unknown

Destination unknown | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
In the past, cash increases in the minimum wage have been eroded by inflation. America’s federal minimum wage was last set, at $7.25, in 2009 and has not been changed since, so its value has faded over time. This means that in reality most countries have only ever temporarily increased the real minimum wage. If the recently proposed increases are maintained over time (as the electorate will surely expect), there could be long-term effects. Historically, economists have worried that high minimum wages boost the pay of those in work but at the expense of jobs. Take a burger bar, which is forced to pay its employees a higher legal minimum. To avoid making a loss, it might have to raise prices, putting off customers and reducing the need for staff. A permanent increase in the minimum wage could tip the balance in favour of burger-flipping machines, away from employees. Supermarkets have already replaced many cash-till operators with self-checkout machines. Displaced workers might find different jobs, though they might struggle to do so if they are low-skilled.
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