Criminology and Economic Theory
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Alleged killer "liked" "Find Autumn Pasquale" Facebook page

Alleged killer "liked" "Find Autumn Pasquale" Facebook page | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
SEARCHERS returned from the forests and fields in and around Clayton, N.J., Sunday night, their voices hoarse from calling out the name of missing Autumn Pasquale, and those who loved her the most...
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Sarah's comment, October 26, 2012 7:41 PM
This is really sad and also a little disturbing. This kid probably liked the attention that the facebook page was receiving, proud of himself for his efforts being noticed. It makes me sick to my stomach to think that people can be so cruel to one another, especially at such a young age. It really makes you think, "what kind of life did this kid have to make him resort to this heinous behavior." Makes me feel very fortunate to grow up how I did with parents like I have. 15 is a very young age to murder another person...especially so close to his age. Truly a tragedy.
Criminology and Economic Theory
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Parent in Prison: How to Protect the Well-Being of the Child

Parent in Prison: How to Protect the Well-Being of the Child | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
How caregivers can help kids weather the challenges of dad's or mom’s incarceration.
Rob Duke's insight:
How's this for an institutional paradigm.  What will these kids experience differently?  How will that affect behavior?
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Missouri woman, 20, disappears after traffic stop, reports say

Missouri woman, 20, disappears after traffic stop, reports say | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Tonie Anderson has not been seen or heard from since stopping for gas early Sunday morning.
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Cynthia Hoffer's comment, January 19, 12:04 PM
Sad to hear that she went missing. She is only 20 years old so young and have so much to go for her. Hopefully police will find her alive. I hate to say this but maybe one of the men that go to the strip club had an eye on her and kidnapped her. Im thinking the worst case that one of the men in the strip club got her rapped her and killed her. But I'm truly hoping for her family and boyfriend that she is somewhere safe with friends.
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Mat-Su Borough emergency director resigns

Bill Gamble became director after a major shake-up at the borough emergency services department and now says he is leaving to pursue a family project in the private sector.
Rob Duke's insight:
Here's an example of a Homeland Security/Emergency Preparedness job where you're not on the "pointy end".
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Briana Whiteside's comment, January 19, 5:52 PM
i feel bad for the guy on the account that he couldn't be with his kids as often because of his job. At the same time i wish he would stay cause he is so good at his job
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15 Insane Things That Correlate With Each Other

15 Insane Things That Correlate With Each Other | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Why do these things correlate? These 15 correlations will blow your mind. (Is this headline sensationalist enough for you to click on it yet?)
Rob Duke's insight:
Be careful with studies that mistake correlation for causation.
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Brennan D Watson's comment, January 19, 11:26 PM
These correlations range from totally weird to almost believable. The one with Nicholas Cage is pretty weird, but the one about arcades and computer science is more believable. Was a good reminder to be careful what you believe.
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Drug users stealing high-end grocery items such as meat and baby formula to fund addictions: Calgary police

Drug users stealing high-end grocery items such as meat and baby formula to fund addictions: Calgary police | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Calgary police say they are seeing an increase in food theft, including cases where thousands of dollars in grocery items are sold through organized crime rings
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Briana Whiteside's comment, January 18, 11:24 PM
to make fast money by selling groceries...if only you could pay off college that way (being highly sarcastic)
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Banyan: Asia is still just saying no to drugs | The Economist

Banyan: Asia is still just saying no to drugs | The Economist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
“FOR the first few days,” explains Aki, a young man who helps run a drug rehabilitation centre on the outskirts of Myitkyina, the capital of Kachin State, in northern Myanmar, “some of them try to run away. So we have to keep them like this.” A young man, naked except for a tattered pair of shorts, lies prone on a filthy mattress, one leg locked in a wooden device resembling medieval stocks. He sweats and shakes, like many suffering heroin withdrawal. Dozens of other men mill around the clinic: a dimly lit, mattress-lined, hangar-like building reeking of sweat and foul breath. Beyond the back door is a much smaller, concrete-floored room with a wooden bath, a squat toilet and, next to it, a tiny padlocked cell crammed with four painfully skinny men: they, too, had tried to escape.

The men receive no medication; treatment consists solely of herbal baths and Bible study (many Kachin are Baptist). For the first 15 days of their three-month stay, they receive no counselling because, as Aki explains: “They never tell the truth, because they are addicts.” Aki’s boss, the Reverend Hsaw Lang Kaw Ye, takes an equally dim view of his region’s many opium farmers: he is part of a citizens’ group that cuts down their crop. Asked if he provides the farmers with any compensation, he scoffs: “We don’t give them anything. We just destroy opium fields.”

This attitude is typical of drug policy in much of Asia: needlessly severe and probably ineffective. According to Harm Reduction International, a pressure group, at least 33 countries have capital punishment on the books for drug offences, but only seven are known to have executed drug dealers since 2010. Five are in Asia (the other two are Iran and Saudi Arabia).

Off with their heads

In Singapore, capital punishment is mandatory for people caught with as little as 15 grams of pure heroin. The arrival cards foreign visitors must fill in at Singaporean immigration posts warn, in red block capitals: “DEATH FOR DRUG TRAFFICKERS UNDER SINGAPORE LAW”. Singapore may kill fewer people than it used to—between 1994 and 1999 no country executed more people relative to its population—but its executioners are not idle: less than two months ago a Nigerian and a Malaysian were hanged for trafficking cannabis and heroin respectively.

Singapore’s neighbours, Malaysia and Indonesia, also execute drug offenders. Indonesia’s previous president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, reportedly disliked the death penalty, and imposed an unofficial moratorium on executions from 2008 to 2013. Joko Widodo, his successor, has no such qualms: since taking office in 2014 he has approved the execution of 18 drug traffickers, and has pledged to show “no mercy” to anyone in the business.

The Philippines ended capital punishment in 2006, but its new president, Rodrigo Duterte, has found a workaround: killing people without the bother of a trial. Since taking office six months ago, more than 6,200 suspected drug dealers or users have been killed in his anti-drug campaign. While his bloody drug war has drawn criticism from human-rights activists in the Philippines and abroad, it remains wildly popular among ordinary Filipinos. The ten-member Association of South-East Asian Nations is committed to eradicating drug use, processing and trafficking by 2020—an implausible goal, especially since the Golden Triangle, the region where Laos, Myanmar and Thailand meet, produces a hefty share of the world’s opium.

Harsh penalties for drug offences are common across Asia. The sorts of alternatives now favoured in the West, such as diverting addicts to effective treatment programmes instead of trying them and saddling them with criminal records, are virtually non-existent. Several countries require drug offenders to enter rehabilitation programmes, but these are often like prison. Staff at rehab centres in Vietnam have reportedly beaten inmates and forced them to toil in the fields; guards in Cambodia have reportedly raped female inmates.

Asia’s harsh anti-drug policies are falling out of step with the rest of the world. Marijuana for recreational use is now legal in eight American states; 28 have legalised it for medical use. Dozens of countries have decriminalised marijuana consumption. Heroin is available on prescription in several European countries. The rich world increasingly treats addiction as an illness rather than a crime.

These trends have Asia’s drug warriors worried. Last April the UN General Assembly convened a special session on drugs. The previous time it did so, in 1998, it vowed to make the world drug-free by 2008. It later moved the target date back to 2019—the year by which Canada now wants to set up a legal market for cannabis for recreational use. At the UN meeting Mexico’s president, Enrique Peña Nieto, urged the world to “move beyond prohibition”. Kasiviswanathan Shanmugam, Singapore’s fearsome law and home-affairs minister, was unmoved: “Show us a model that works better,” he told the general assembly, “that delivers a better outcome for citizens, and we will consider changing. If that cannot be done, then don’t ask us to change.”

Mr Shanmugam has a point: in Singapore, drug consumption is admirably low. But Singapore is small, with secure borders, little corruption, effective anti-drug education and laws that allow warrantless searches and detention without trial. In poorer and less well-run countries the consequences of prohibition have been depressingly predictable: prisons packed with low-level offenders, corruption and thriving black markets. Demand remains strong: between 2008 and 2013 the amount of methamphetamine seized in East Asia, South-East Asia and Oceania quadrupled. Eventually, Asia may reach the same conclusion as much of America, Europe and Latin America: that the costs of prohibition outweigh the benefits. But for now, as Mr Duterte’s popularity attests, drug wars are good politics.
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How businesses are taking marijuana products mainstream

How businesses are taking marijuana products mainstream | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Companies are eschewing the head shop vibe and embracing retail principles to market marijuana products to consumers.
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Eric Villasenor's comment, Today, 3:24 PM
I'm glad this is a new form of tax revenue for the state and municipalities. However, I am concerned with abuse of the drug. Particularly, I'm concerned with the edibles. I have personal experience with the effects of edible abuse and the effect it can have on the body. Contrary to the physical effect smoking cannabis has on the body, edibles can have a more serious, adverse effect.
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Why the Problem with Learning Is Unlearning

The process of unlearning has three parts.

First, you have to recognize that the old mental model is no longer relevant or effective. This is a challenge because we are usually unconscious of our mental models. They are the proverbial water to the fish. In addition, we might be afraid to admit that the existing model is growing outdated. We have built our reputations and careers on the mastery of these old models. Letting go can seem like starting over and losing our status, authority, or sense of self.
Second, you need to find or create a new model that can better achieve your goals. At first, you will probably see this new model through the lens of the old. Many companies are ineffective in their use of social media because they still think of it as a channel for distributing a message. They haven’t made the mental shift from one-to-many to many-to-many. Social is best thought of as a context rather than a channel.
Third, you need to ingrain the new mental habits. This process is no different from creating a new behavioral habit, like your diet or golf swing. The tendency will be to fall back into the old way of thinking and therefore the old way of doing. It’s useful to create triggers that alert you to which model you are working from. For example, when you are talking about your customers, catch yourself when you call them “consumers” — this corresponds to a transactional mindset. Find a word that reflects a more collaborative relationship. The shift in language helps to reinforce the shift in mindset.
The good news is that practicing unlearning will make it easier and quicker to make the shifts as your brain adapts. (It’s a process called neuroplasticity.) You can see this process at work in an experiment by Destin Sandler and his “backwards bicycle.” Toward the end of the video you can see the unlearning process at work. One thing to look for is how the process itself is exponential. One moment he can’t ride the bike, and then the next moment he can. So as you begin unlearning, be patient with yourself — it’s not a linear process. Albert Einstein once said, “We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.” In this time of transformative change, we need to be conscious of our mental models and ambidextrous in our thinking. Sometimes the incremental models of barriers to entry, linear campaigns, and hierarchical controls will be the right ones. But we need to unlearn these models and replace them with exponential models based on network effects, brand orbits, and distributed networks. The place to start is by unlearning how we think about learning.
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Ikea Is A Nonprofit, And Yes, That's Every Bit As Fishy As It Sounds

Ikea makes billions tax-free by operating the world's largest "charity." Here's how.
Rob Duke's insight:
Ikea is one of the best examples of institutions at work.  You'd think this is a furniture company, but no, it's a non-profit that is tax exempt, in part, because of its mission to promote art throughout the world.

Yes, really.  The family that owns IKEA created several such businesses to manage its trust assets (IKEA just happens to be the household name).

When I was a kid, I went to junior high and secondary school where you could work part-time.  I worked as a cabinet maker during some of this time.  At that time in America, there was a thriving furniture industry and you could purchase furniture secure in the knowledge that you'd pass it along to your children and grandchildren someday.  This is hardly the case now.  Due to tax law, IKEA has changed the way most of us buy furniture.  Flat boxes delivered by Fed Ex with infuriating instructions and a planned obsolescence measured in years not decades.  How pervasive is it?  Well, see the next article: IKEA alone accounts for 1% of all wood harvested in the world.

Ron Coase showed us that the ownership of institution rights didn't "matter" because the market always found the most efficient outcome given those institutional arrangements.  The Coase theorem, however, is about efficiency given certain institutions.  It is not about overall efficiency, effectiveness, or economy....nor is it about equity.

Kenneth Arrow also showed that in game theory (which is just a fancy way of describing how we all interact with society, culture, economics, and politics--which is, at its most basic level just a complicated game) where one began often dictated where one ended.  Thus, if two binary choices are given such as: do you prefer A or B.  We might choose B, but later if asked if we like B or C, we choose C.  The implication is that we prefer C over A, but that's just not true.  Consider the 2016 Presidential election.  How many of you voted for Hillary over Bernie?  Then, the choice becomes Hillary or Trump.  I wonder how many voters from the primary would have voted for Bernie if the choice had been Bernie or Trump in November?  So, the Arrow Theorem suggests that the order of institutional arrangements also matters.

The take away is be very careful with institutions and be very suspicious when someone claims "that's just the way it is".  You can have any institution you want and in any order you want, but you may (or may not) like the result.

In the study of criminology and ethics, institutions is one of the foundational issues that helps us understand everything that comes after.
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Gun Deaths In America

Gun Deaths In America | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The data in this interactive graphic comes primarily from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Multiple Cause of Death database, which is derived from death certificates from all 50 states and the District of Columbia and is widely considered the most comprehensive estimate of firearm deaths.
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Cynthia Hoffer's comment, January 19, 11:26 AM
For me personally I hate guns and will never own one since you never know when there might be an accident. If someone is out to get you they are going to get you somehow and most likely going to get you no matter what. Very sad to read the number of deaths from a gun. I wonder if there was a gun law if that number would go down each year?
Brennan D Watson's comment, January 19, 11:54 PM
I personally feel like with proper gun safety and storage you can greatly reduce the likelihood of an accident. The main point that I took away from this graphic to was that suicide is the main source of gun fatalities. For me this shows that we need a better mental health system and support options.
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State sues to overturn federal restrictions on controversial hunting methods

Among the banned activities on national preserves or wildlife refuges: Taking wolves and coyotes during the animals' denning season; taking black bears with artificial light at den sites.
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Pasco, USF seek statewide forensics research lab

Pasco, USF seek statewide forensics research lab | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Pasco County is seeking to become home to a proposed statewide forensic anthropology research and training center.

The center, if legislators and Gov. Rick Scott agree to the $4.3 million price tag, would be built on 4 acres of county-owned land in Land O'Lakes near the Pasco County Detention Center and become the seventh such facility in the country.

The project is a proposed partnership among Pasco County, the Pasco Sheriff's Office, the University of South Florida and Pasco-Hernando State College. It calls for indoor and outdoor facilities, including research and service labs, classrooms, a morgue and evidence storage to serve the Florida Institute of Forensic Anthropology & Applied Sciences research center at USF, which started in 2014 and already serves law enforcement and medical examiners around Florida.

If approved, the center would be a working crime lab and also provide specialized hands-on training for professionals dealing with investigations into homicides, human trafficking and other violent crimes. USF's website characterizes the project as allowing law officers to work alongside researchers to better understand crime scenes and to apply the latest investigative techniques "to become highly skilled at collecting, processing and interpreting evidence in their cases.''
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Not Mayberry: Palmer looks to neighborhood watches to combat crime

The Palmer Police Department is urging residents to form local neighborhood watches, though the local crime rate is holding steady.
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Eric Villasenor's comment, Today, 3:50 PM
I live in the valley. It's good to know that people are concerned and united enough to come together to look for a solution. While a Facebook page may not be as effective as a strong police force, it should be noted that police aren't even half as effective without the community reaching out to police to ask for help and report crimes. Most police work seems to be reactive in our state. This is most likely due to our large surface area and the inability to patrol such a large area with so few people within a department such as PPD. Not a week later there was a similar article I read about a meeting in Wasilla. The concern was about rising crime rates surrounding break ins and property crime. A vast majority who spoke were those who lived outside the city limits and are patrolled by the Alaska State Troopers. A representative from the AST explained to residents that calls may be prioritized lowly due to their low staffing issues. He also expressed that AST has 100 fewer officers covering the entire state than Anchorage Police department within its own city limits. A neighborhood watch program can be effective to a degree, however, theres not much people can do without police power. Laypeople aren't equipped or regularly trained on how to handle active crimes and may make mistakes that harm themselves or others if they try to take matters into their own hands.
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Smile, You're On Camera! DC Police Told To Keep Bodycams On During Inauguration Day Protests

Smile, You're On Camera! DC Police Told To Keep Bodycams On During Inauguration Day Protests | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Washington, DC - Despite the ACLU claiming that it's illegal, officers will be recording Inauguration Day protesters.
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Police: Man who made fun of his girlfriend killed by her son

Police: Man who made fun of his girlfriend killed by her son | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Anchorage police have arrested a man for a homicide that occurred in a downtown motel Monday morning.
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Briana Whiteside's comment, January 18, 11:10 PM
That is ridiculous. I understand being upset with a significant other of your mother if they are making crude comments, but what i don't understand is what made the boy snap. Since it sounds like this has happened before what made this time different than most (besides the heavy alcohol intake)?
Cynthia Hoffer's comment, January 19, 11:47 AM
Wow. Being 23 years old and being jailed for manslaughter and second degree assault for beating your mothers boyfriend to death is so sad. I think the young man might have had some mental health issues for him to snap so fast. Also Elliot might have had some issues with this man dating his mother before but I totally disagree with what he did and with them all drinking it made things even worse.
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Detectives arrest a Lucerne Valley man for the murder of his wife following a residential fire from SBSD - Headquarters : Nixle

Detectives arrest a Lucerne Valley man for the murder of his wife following a residential fire  from SBSD - Headquarters : Nixle | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
On April 19, 2016, at approximately 4:40 a.m., emergency personnel from the San Bernardino County Fire Department responded to a residence in the 9800 block of Mesa Road in Lucerne Valley for a structure fire. During fire suppression efforts, a body was discovered. Investigators from the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department Bomb Arson Detail were contacted and responded to the location. During the arson investigation, a gas supply line was found to be disconnected. Bomb Arson Investigators requested the assistance of investigators from Homicide Detail due to the suspicious nature of the fire. Investigators from Homicide Detail responded and assumed the investigation.

The decedent was identified as Lynda Cestone. Lynda and her husband, Donald Jenman, lived alone in the residence. Investigators learned during their investigation that in 2010, Lynda suffered a stroke. As a result of the stroke, Lynda was paralyzed and bedridden. During the fire, Donald suffered minor burns and was transported by Mercy Air to Arrowhead Regional Medical Center.

On Friday, January 13, 2017, at the conclusion of the Death Investigation, Donald Wayne Jenman was arrested, transported and booked into the West Valley Detention Center for PC 187(a) Murder. Jenman is being held on $1,000.000.00 bail and is scheduled for court on January 18, 2017.
Rob Duke's insight:
I grabbed this for those who might be interested in being fire investigators....
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Eric Villasenor's comment, Today, 3:31 PM
This is a fine case of good old fashion investigative work. The gas line being disconnected was instrumental to the cause of the fire. It's a shame to think what Lynda Cestone must have been going through without being able to do anything about it due to her paralysis.
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The Fine Art of Sniffing Out Crappy Science

The Fine Art of Sniffing Out Crappy Science | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Two professors at the University of Washington want to teach students how to survive the avalanche of false or misleading data shaken loose by shifts in media, technology, and politics.
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Rich Kids Stay Rich, Poor Kids Stay Poor

Rich Kids Stay Rich, Poor Kids Stay Poor | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
On Friday, a team of researchers led by Stanford economist Raj Chetty released a paper on how growing up in poverty affects boys and girls differently. Their co…
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Caitlin Mattingly's comment, Today, 7:25 PM
This is a very interesting read, one that hits home with me. It is so awfully true that the rich stay rich (and even get richer) while the poor stay poor (and even get poorer). It is a clear problem our country has and a problem we continuously fail to fix. Reading that poor kids who have poor parents are less likely to attend college is really self explanatory to me. The lack of money is the obvious reason they cannot attend college. It is truly not even an option for most.
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How Alaska's equal rights law was first put to the test

A 1946 incident at a cocktail lounge in Fairbanks tested, for the first time, the state's Anti-Discrimination Act.
Rob Duke's insight:
Our own path to "Justice".  In honor of Dr. MLK.
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Was D.B. Cooper a Boeing worker?

Was D.B. Cooper a Boeing worker? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Leave it to a group that calls itself the Citizen Sleuths to uncover a new lead in the 45-year hunt for D.B. Cooper. The three amateur scientists have found rare-Earth elements on the JCPenney tie the infamous skyjacker left behind when he jumped out of a commercial airplane on a blistering night in
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Share your insight
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It Took 20 Years For The Government To Pay For An Obvious Way To Prevent HIV

It Took 20 Years For The Government To Pay For An Obvious Way To Prevent HIV | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A few days ago, after I heard the news that Congress had lifted a federal ban on funding for needle exchange programs, I called Alisa Solberg. She runs the Poin…
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The Weird Economics Of Ikea

The Weird Economics Of Ikea | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Ikea is a behemoth. The home furnishing company uses 1 percent of the planet’s lumber, it says, and the 530 million cubic feet of wood used to make Ikea furnitu…
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See the other article above about IKEA.
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Should More Campus Security Officers Be Using Tablets?

Should More Campus Security Officers Be Using Tablets? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Here are some ways tablets might improve your campus security operations.
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Old Misogynist Hatreds Fuel a New Year’s Massacre in Brazil · Global Voices

Old Misogynist Hatreds Fuel a New Year’s Massacre in Brazil · Global Voices | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Brazil has a femicide rate of 4.8 per 100,000 women, according to the World Health Organization — that's the fifth highest femicide rate in the world. Black women are the main targets, according to the 2015 Violence Map, an independent annual research report on violence in Brazil. The murder of black women rose 54 percent between 2003 and 2013. At least 10 women were murdered in the country by their partners in the first six days of 2017.

Brazilian lawmakers have tried to address gender violence in the past. In 2003, the country created the Maria da Penha Law to protect women victims of domestic violence. The legislation bears the name of an activist who was rendered a paraplegic by her husband, after he tried to kill her, twice. In 2015, another law, classifying feminicide as a hate crime, was added to the Brazilian Penal Code.
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'Report crime to police rather than posting on social media'

'Report crime to police rather than posting on social media' | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Officers in Nuneaton say they cannot investigate crimes without an official report
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