Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation
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Death Row Interviews (BBC Documentary)

Every Saturday night in China, millions gather around their televisions to watch Interviews Before Execution, an extraordinary talk show which interviews pri...
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Deterring crime or leading by example? Death penalty only serves to convey the message that murder can be justified when the offense is severe enough. What should prevent citizens to take this principle to heart and take matters into their own hands? Additionally, it begs the question, is crime justified just because it is committed collectively by a government institution? At the end, murder is murder, regardless of whether the victim is an offender or innocent. 

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More than half of all data breaches are down to human error

More than half of all data breaches are down to human error | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Cyberfraud is sector agnostic. Any business in any industry is just as vulnerable, if not more, to data leaks and fraud, which is why curbing tech naivety should be high on the agenda for growing businesses
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The average cybersecurity breach in the UK costs upwards of £1.4 million, and according to new research, 52 per cent of data breaches last year were due to human error, mostly from a lack of awareness. Time and time again, employees are causing data breaches, whether that be through leaving a USB device with important data lying around, or clicking on unsolicited links in emails. Such actions are rarely malicious and more often the result of a lack of training, knowledge or general carelessness.

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America's Jails and Prisons Have Become Cruel, Expensive Institutions for the Mentally and Physically Disabled - Hit & Run : Reason.com

America's Jails and Prisons Have Become Cruel, Expensive Institutions for the Mentally and Physically Disabled - Hit & Run : Reason.com | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
People with mental and physical disabilities are dramatically overrepresented in U.S. jails and prisons, according to a report released Monday by the Center for American Progress.
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Compared to the general population, people behind bars in US state and federal prisons and jails are three and four times as likely to have at least one disability, respectively. Down syndrome, autism, dementia, intellectual disabilities, and learning disorders are among the most commonly reported disabilities.

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Why Poor, Low-Level Offenders Often Plead to Worse Crimes

Why Poor, Low-Level Offenders Often Plead to Worse Crimes | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
In the United States, local jails process over 11 million admissions in a single year. Most of those who are arrested get the option to post bail and go free until they are arraigned. But those who can’t afford bail sit in jail awaiting trial, which can hurt their ability to mount a defense. It’s harder to collect evidence. It’s harder to meet with lawyers. A defendant can’t do things that might be looked upon favorably by a judge, like entering rehab, or getting a stable job, or attending anger-management classes. This may be particularly damaging for people charged with low-level crimes like misdemeanors.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Offenders who don’t remain in jail before their trials often end up receiving lesser sentences or no prison time, sometimes even avoiding a conviction altogether. Tens of millions of dollars could be saved by incarcerating fewer low-level offenders.

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Firearm ownership closely tied to suicide rates, study finds

Firearm ownership closely tied to suicide rates, study finds | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

The study, published in the American Journal of Public Health, covers 33 years, from 1981 to 2013, and is the most comprehensive analysis of the association between gun ownership and gender-specific suicides rates among the 50 U.S. states. "Our study adds to the consistent finding that among both males and females, increased prevalence of firearms is clearly associated with an increase in the firearm-specific suicide rate," said Michael Siegel, MD, lead author and professor of community health sciences at BUSPH. "The magnitude of this relationship is substantial and warrants attention from policy-makers."

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States with higher estimated levels of gun ownership have higher incidents of gun-related suicides, with firearm ownership alone explaining 71 percent of the variation in state-level gun suicide rates for men and 49 percent for women.

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Would A Parrot Be A Reliable Murder Witness?

Would A Parrot Be A Reliable Murder Witness? | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
A viral video of a pet parrot who supposedly is repeating the last words of his murdered owner has triggered a lot of speculation about whether a parrot could be a reliable witness in a murder trial
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Will Bud, the African grey parrot, be able to offer reliable witness testimony to be used in a court of law? These are exciting times..

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Life After Prison

Life After Prison | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Our nation's recidivism problem starts well before prisoners leave prison. Many of the 2.2 million behind bars today lack a high school degree, and while they are in state custody, most receive little or no preparation for life after prison. Often equipped with only a bus pass, whatever belongings they brought to prison and some pocket change, "returned citizens" leave prison ill-prepared to find work, housing and other necessities due to their lack of education, skills and work experience lost from time behind bars. Society has an extremely low bar for their success.

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This year, more than 600,000 individuals will exit prison gates and return to communities across America. Almost one-third will be rearrested in their first year out, over half within three years, and over three-quarters within five years.

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Sydney man pleads guilty to making rape threats on Facebook

Sydney man pleads guilty to making rape threats on Facebook | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

A Sydney man who has pleaded guilty to making explicit rape threats on Facebook told police the comments did not reflect who he was, and that he was not aware that “internet trolling” was a crime. Zane Alchin, 25, from Caringbah, pleaded guilty to using a carriage service to menace at the Downing Centre local court in Sydney on Monday. He was charged in October after posting more than 50 comments publicly to Facebook, most of which were explicit and derogatory.

 

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http://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/apr/23/a-public-crisis-with-a-feeling-of-deja-vu-the-online-abuse-of-australian-women

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Australian man gets three years in prison for being too stupid to understand that online rape threats are not any less serious than in-person rape threats. Regrettably, such online behaviors are not at all uncommon. A study by the digital security firm Norton, released in March, found nearly half of Australian women had experienced some form of abuse or harassment online and suggested that women felt online abuse was a growing problem they were powerless to tackle.

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Control and Fear: What Mass Killings and Domestic Violence Have in Common

Control and Fear: What Mass Killings and Domestic Violence Have in Common | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

One of the first things we learned about Omar Mateen, the gunman in the nightclub massacre in Orlando, Fla., was that his ex-wife said he had beaten her severely until she left him in 2009. If it sounds familiar that a gunman in a mass shooting would have a history of domestic violence, it should. In February, Cedric Ford shot 17 people at his Kansas workplace, killing three, only 90 minutes after being served with a restraining order sought by his ex-girlfriend, who said he had abused her. And Man Haron Monis, who holed up with hostages for 17 hours in a cafe in Sydney, Australia, in 2014, an episode that left two people dead and four wounded, had terrorized his ex-wife. He had threatened to harm her if she left him, and was eventually charged with organizing her murder. When Everytown for Gun Safety, a gun control group, analyzed F.B.I. data on mass shootings from 2009 to 2015, it found that 57 percent of the cases included a spouse, former spouse or other family member among the victims — and that 16 percent of the attackers had previously been charged with domestic violence. Social scientists have not settled on an explanation for this correlation, but their research reveals striking parallels between the factors that drive the two phenomena.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

895 women in the United States were murdered by their current or former intimate partners in 2013. That single-year tally is more than nine times the 92 people killed in jihadist attacks on American soil in the past decade. 

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50 years of U.S. mass shootings: The victims, sites, killers and weapons

50 years of U.S. mass shootings: The victims, sites, killers and weapons | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

There is no universally accepted definition of a mass shooting, and different organizations use different criteria. In this piece we look at the deadliest cases, beginning Aug. 1, 1966, when ex-Marine sniper Charles Whitman killed his wife and mother, then climbed a 27-story tower at the University of Texas and killed 14 more people before police shot him to death. The numbers here refer to 126 events in which four or more people were killed by a lone shooter (or two shooters in three cases). An average of seven people died during each event, often including the shooters. This data — compiled from Mother Jones; Grant Duwe, author of “Mass Murder in the United States: A History,” and Washington Post research — does not include gang killings, shootings that began as other crimes such as robberies, and killings that involved only the shooter’s family.

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The last 50 years counts 869 victims of mass shootings in the US. Each gun was used to kill an average of four people, not counting shooters. The 869 people came from nearly every imaginable race, religion and socioeconomic background, and 142 were children or teenagers. This this excellent resource for an overview.

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Ransomware is now the biggest cybersecurity threat

Ransomware is now the biggest cybersecurity threat | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Ransomware has replaced advanced persistent threat (APT) network attacks as the most problematic cyberthreat -- and early indications suggest that they'll be the main problem for 2016 as a whole, cybersecurity researchers from Kaspersky Lab have warned. The findings are outlined in Kaspersky Lab's IT Threat Evolution in Q1 2016 report, which details how security experts detected 2,900 new ransomware malware modifications appearing between January and March this year -- a rise of 14 percent. Not only is malware increasingly altering itself -- thus making ransomware attacks more difficult to defend against -- but also the number of attacks are rising, with the number of attacked users up by 30 percent compared with the previous quarter.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

We are now so dependent on digital information that scumbags can make a profitable business out of holding your personal or professional computer files hostage and demanding a ransom for their release!

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Philippine president-elect urges public to kill drug dealers

Philippine president-elect urges public to kill drug dealers | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

The Philippine president-elect has encouraged the public to help him in his war against crime, urging citizens with guns to shoot and kill drug dealers who resist arrest and fight back in their neighborhoods. In a nationally televised speech late Saturday, Rodrigo Duterte told a huge crowd in the southern city of Davao that Filipinos who help him battle crime will be rewarded. "Please feel free to call us, the police, or do it yourself if you have the gun — you have my support," Duterte said, warning of an extensive illegal drug trade that involves even the country's police.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

President-elect offers bounties to those who can turn in drug lords, dead or alive. It's the wild wild west over there in the east!

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When DNA Implicates the Innocent

When DNA Implicates the Innocent | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
In December 2012 a homeless man named Lukis Anderson was charged with the murder of Raveesh Kumra, a Silicon Valley multimillionaire, based on DNA evidence. The charge carried a possible death sentence. But Anderson was not guilty. He had a rock-solid alibi: drunk and nearly comatose, Anderson had been hospitalized—and under constant medical supervision—the night of the murder in November. Later his legal team learned his DNA made its way to the crime scene by way of the paramedics who had arrived at Kumra's residence. They had treated Anderson earlier on the same day—inadvertently “planting” the evidence at the crime scene more than three hours later. The case, presented in February at the annual American Academy of Forensic Sciences meeting in Las Vegas, provides one of the few definitive examples of a DNA transfer implicating an innocent person and illustrates a growing opinion that the criminal justice system's reliance on DNA evidence, often treated as infallible, actually carries significant risks.
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The criminal justice system’s reliance on DNA evidence, often treated as infallible, carries significant risks

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Jurors could use virtual reality headsets to 'enter blood-soaked crime scenes'

Jurors could use virtual reality headsets to 'enter blood-soaked crime scenes' | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Jurors could use virtual reality technology to enter 'crime scenes' in the first project of its kind in Europe, it's reported. The concept uses green screens, the latest virtual reality headsets and technology from gaming, engineering and computing to help "transport" jurors to crime scenes. It's a project being tested by Staffordshire University and one that police say could become signifcant. Associate Prof of Forensics, Dr Caroline Sturdy Colls, told BBC News: "What we want to do is to come up with the best solution that helps the criminal justice system - help the police in their detection and recording of crime and then to help jurors in court to understand those crimes better that they ever did before."

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Project aims to use the latest headsets and technology from gaming, engineering and computing to help "transport" jurors to crime scenes.

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India porn ban: How the government was forced to reverse course

India porn ban: How the government was forced to reverse course | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
It started as a quiet, almost innocuous government order, which was also surprisingly precise.
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It would be easier to count all the grains of sand in the Sahara desert than to successfully ban online pornographic material.

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Philippine president escalates war on drugs despite 'shocking' number of dead

Philippine president escalates war on drugs despite 'shocking' number of dead | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has ordered police to escalate his war on illegal drugs that has already killed almost 300 people across the archipelago nation since the start of July.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

What a regression! If history has taught us anything, it's that a war against drugs cannot be won. On the contrary, it reinforces and perpetuates drug trafficking. Raging war against drugs is similar to a pathological gambler attempting to make a living by betting in a casino. At the end, the house always, always, always wins!

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1.6 Million Students Go to Schools That Employ Cops but No Counselors

1.6 Million Students Go to Schools That Employ Cops but No Counselors | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
High school guidance counselors are charged with helping students work through academic or emotional problems. They might be the first line of defense if a student is struggling with depression, anxiety, abuse or other trauma—all factors that might lead to or exacerbate problematic use of drugs. Counselors are also supposed to guide the college application process, helping kids figure out how to get in, pay for school—or whether college is right for them and what kind of continuing education best fits their needs. Naturally, this has been deemed an expendable position in many places—it’s one of the first jobs to go when public schools face budget cuts, the Washington Post points out.
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The list of priorities is completely backwards here.. 

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Prison by Algorithm: How the U.S. Senate Is Trying to Fight Repeat Crime Offenders

Prison by Algorithm: How the U.S. Senate Is Trying to Fight Repeat Crime Offenders | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

When the Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act of 2015 was introduced in the United States Congress last year, Republican and Democratic senators backed the ambitious bill. Experts complimented its call for changes to mandatory minimums and solitary confinement and its proposal to thin the federal prison population. Lost in the praise, however, was a section that would radically change how the Bureau of Prisons tries to prevent recidivism. A proposed program instructs the U.S. attorney general to establish what the bill calls a “post-sentencing risk- and needs-assessment system” for federal prisoners, which would assign inmates a low, moderate, or high score based on their likelihood of recidivism. “Dynamic risk factors”—including “indicators of progress and improvement, and of regression, including newly acquired skills, attitude, and behavior changes over time”—would determine the ratings.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The combination of big data and traditional policing leads officers to focus on individuals flagged as possible future criminals and allegedly high-crime neighborhoods. Police still patrol streets and knock on doors, but computers, rather than humans, decide which streets and which doors. Essentially, this is crime forecasting: Police are trying to stay ahead of potential criminals, who may or may not be about to violate the law. These strategies appear to be somewhat effective at reducing crime. Yet studies indicate mixed results.

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Australia 20 years after gun reform: No mass shootings, declining firearm deaths

Australia 20 years after gun reform: No mass shootings, declining firearm deaths | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Since gun law reform and the Firearms Buyback program 20 years ago, Australia has seen an accelerating decline in intentional firearm deaths and an absence of fatal mass shootings, a new report shows after a landmark study.
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The complete absence of mass shootings in Australia in the past two decades compares to 13 fatal mass shootings in the 18 years prior to these sweeping reforms!

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Inside San Diego's $810m human trafficking industry

Considered among the best cities to work and live in the US, San Diego also ranks in the FBI’s 13 highest-intensity trafficking areas in the country.
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Sex trafficking generates $810m in annual revenue for local pimps and gangs, making it San Diego’s second-largest underground economy after drugs.

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It's easier to get a gun than to get a puppy

It's easier to get a gun than to get a puppy | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

The way our laws are written, guns are easy to get in this land of the free. Buying from a gun store? Background checks and waiting periods might slow you down -- but only a little.
Buying from a private seller? In all but a handful of states, there's really no hoops to jump through at all. In fact, it's easier to get a gun than...

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Ok, so this one really says it all about what's wrong in America...

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Bobbies on the beat really do prevent crime, Cambridge University proves

Bobbies on the beat really do prevent crime, Cambridge University proves | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Bobbies on the beat really do prevent serious crime and police could cut thousands of assaults each year simply by sending officers to problem areas for just 21 minutes a day, a Cambridge University study suggests.
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Over a period of 12 months, just two extra police officers allocated to 34 crime hotspots around Peterborough led to a substantial drop in crime in those areas. If reflected across the whole city, would have prevented 86 assaults a year, six burglaries, or six sex crimes.

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'Faces of Mass Incarceration' Documentary Film Trailer

The projected series was inspired by the InterNational Prisoner’s Family Conference ,an annual event produced and hosted by Community Solutions of El Paso, a nonprofit organization serving those affected by mass incarceration. Our mission is to strengthen communities by strengthening the most disenfranchised and under-served to achieve their highest potential to become valuable and valued members of the community. Much unmerited shame, embarrassment and fear is associated with the prison-family causing most to withdraw and isolate from the mainstream community. That self-imposed isolation denies the general public the opportunity to know and benefit from the intelligent, talented and valuable people they truly are.

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There are over 2.5 million people in prisons and jails across the United States. This is a 500% increase over the last 40 years. Children with an incarcerated parent experience a wide range of emotional consequences, placing them at 70% at risk for their own incarceration. Watch the trailer for this very interesting documentary about the people and families affected by mass incarceration.

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Delhi hospital kidney scam: 5 arrested

Delhi hospital kidney scam: 5 arrested | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Police in New Delhi have made a number of arrests in connection with a suspected organ harvesting scheme operating out of one of the city's most prestigious private hospitals. Five people remain in police custody after being arrested for illegally trading human kidneys, Mandeep Randhawa, Deputy Commissioner of Police of Southeast Delhi, told CNN. The scam allegedly involved falsified documents given to poor patients by a gang at the city's Indraprastha Apollo Hospital Delhi, CNN affiliate CNN News 18 reports.

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A multi-million dollar illegal trade that both saves and exploits lives at the same time.

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How child sexual abuse became a family business in the Philippines

How child sexual abuse became a family business in the Philippines | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Tens of thousands of children believed to be victims of live-streaming abuse, some of it being carried out by their own parents
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Online child sexual abuse is the leading form of cyber crime in the Philippines.

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Brazil In Shock After 16-Year-Old Raped By 33 Men, Video Circulated On Social Media

Brazil In Shock After 16-Year-Old Raped By 33 Men, Video Circulated On Social Media | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Brazilian police are searching for at least 30 people suspected in the alleged gang rape of a 16-year-old girl and of posting graphic video and images of her on social media that have shocked the South American country. The perpetrators put up pictures and a video of the girl on Twitter, sparking a nationwide backlash. The incident occurred in a Rio de Janeiro slum over the weekend.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Evil beyond comprehension.

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