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Death Row Interviews (BBC Documentary)

Every Saturday night in China, millions gather around their televisions to watch Interviews Before Execution, an extraordinary talk show which interviews pri...
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Deterring crime or leading by example? Death penalty only serves to convey the message that murder can be justified when the offense is severe enough. What should prevent citizens to take this principle to heart and take matters into their own hands? Additionally, it begs the question, is crime justified just because it is committed collectively by a government institution? At the end, murder is murder, regardless of whether the victim is an offender or innocent. 

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Care to incarceration: what happens to those without a fair start in life

Care to incarceration: what happens to those without a fair start in life | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Figures out in June suggest that the number of children being taken into care is at its highest ever. Last month the children and family courts service received over 1100 care applications, a 25% increase on this time last year. Itself a disturbing statistic, it becomes even more so when looked at in a wider context. A government report from 2002 states that a staggering 49% of children who have been in care will end up in the prison system. They make up 23% of the total prison population.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Almost the entire prison population has experienced mental health problems, homelessness, suffered abuse or violence as a child, been addicted to drugs, or grown up in care. The children we don't help end up as the adults we don't want in society, and the problem is getting worse. If we are serious about reducing crime, preventing reoffending, and decreasing the prison population, we need to understand the relationship between adverse childhood experience and dysfunctionality in later life. 

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Debunking 11 Domestic Violence Myths

Debunking 11 Domestic Violence Myths | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

If anything is truly equal opportunity, it is battering. Domestic violence crosses all socioeconomic, ethnic, racial, educational, age and religious lines. Sadly, a US Department of Justice study indicates that approximately one million violent crimes are committed by former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends each year, with 85 percent of the victims being women. For domestic violence to be defeated, it must begin with information. Here are eleven myths and facts about domestic violence.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Around the world, at least one in every three women has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime.

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OverCriminalized • Alternatives to Incarceration

It’s simple. Diversion programs work better than incarceration – for everyone. In cities like Seattle, San Antonio, and Salt Lake City, we see that successful solutions are a viable option to help end serious social problems. These services alter the course of people’s lives in a positive way and save taxpayers huge amounts of money. We cannot continue to isolate and imprison people who suffer from mental illness, substance abuse, or homelessness. We must treat them with compassion and care to better serve our communities and our pocketbooks. It's time we got serious about pulling our money out of incarceration and putting it into systems that foster healthy communities. Hundreds of thousands of people are locked up not because of any dangerous behavior, but because of problems like mental illness, substance use disorders, and homelessness, which should be dealt with outside the criminal justice system. Services like drug treatment and affordable housing cost less and can have a better record of success.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Few things hurt an economy more than avoidable arrests and incarcerations!

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Prison scandal shocks Philippines

Prison scandal shocks Philippines | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

A raid has uncovered drug lords 'living like kings' in luxury cells with stripper bars and jacuzzis at the Philippines' main prison. The sex, drugs and bribery scandal has shocked a country inured to tales of official corruption. The revelations were headline news Tuesday, a day after police commandos swooped on the infamously crowded Bilibid prison complex to verify reports drug rings were operated from behind bars. Police found methamphetamine or 'ice', cash, inflatable sex dolls, a stripper bar and a jacuzzi spread across 20 air-conditioned 'villas' built for convicted drug dealers, according to Justice Secretary Leila de Lima.


Via Jim Wesberry
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Ten Reasons to Fight for the Decriminalization of Sex Work

Ten Reasons to Fight for the Decriminalization of Sex Work | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Via Gracie Passette
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

There will always be a demand to purchase sex. Criminalization has never and will never eliminate this demand.

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REPORT: Global Prison Trends 2015

This is intended to be the first of an annual series of reports designed to describe key global trends in the use and practice of imprisonment and to identify some of the pressing challenges facing states that wish to organise their penitentiary system in accordance with international norms and standards.


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

New report out in crime and incarceration.

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Video Shows Border Patrol Agent Firing Taser Into Car Before It Explodes, Burning Driver Alive

A recently released video from a years-old roadside incident shows a California Border Patrol agent firing his Taser into a pulled over car, which then sets off an explosion that burns the vehicle's driver alive.

Video of the incident, which occurred in March 2012 in Pine Valley, California, was just made public as part of a lawsuit filed against the federal government by the family of the 25-year-old victim, Alex Martin, who was killed in the incident.

 

Read more on VICE: https://news.vice.com/article/video-shows-border-patrol-agent-firing-taser-into-car-before-it-explodes-burning-driver-alive

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

This beats the Rodney King case!

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Detention of mentally ill people in police cells needs to end, say MPs

Detention of mentally ill people in police cells needs to end, say MPs | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

MPs say the detention of more than 6,000 mentally ill people in police cells last year is a continuing scandal that urgently needs to be ended. A report from the Commons home affairs select committee this Friday says detention of children, in particular, must cease immediately. In all, 236 children under the age of 18 with mental health issues were detained in police custody in England and Wales from 2013 to 2014.

 

Please see:

OverCriminalized #1: Why Are We Using Prisons to Treat the Mentally Ill? - http://sco.lt/4l3HXt

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"The prevalence of people with mental health illnesses in the criminal justice system is a scandal. It is unacceptable that the police should be filling the gap because health systems do not have the facilities to look after mentally ill people."

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Teaching girls to say ‘no’ in virtual reality cuts sexual victimization by half

Teaching girls to say ‘no’ in virtual reality cuts sexual victimization by half | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

study by researchers at Southern Methodist University has demonstrated that teenage girls who learn to assertively decline sexual advances in a virtual reality simulator are less likely suffer long term effects from sexual victimization. The training program, called “My Voice, My Choice,” allowed “girls to practice being assertive in a realistic environment. The intent of the program is for the learning opportunity to increase the likelihood that they will use the skills in real life,” associate professor of psychology at SMU Simpson Rowe said. “Research has shown that skills are more likely to generalize if they are practiced in a realistic environment, so we used virtual reality to increase the realism,” she continued. “It is very promising that learning resistance skills and practicing them in virtual simulations of coercive interactions could reduce the risk for later sexual victimization.”

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

One advantage of virtual simulations is the ability to actually observe how girls react to coercive situations that feel very real.

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Hidden America: Chilling New Look at Sex Trafficking in the US

ABC's Diane Sawyer reports on the danger of vulnerable young women falling victim to prostitution rings.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The average age a girl enters prostitution is 12-14 years old!

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California adopts historic 'yes means yes' rule on sexual consent

California adopts historic 'yes means yes' rule on sexual consent | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

The governor of California, Jerry Brown, has signed a bill that makes the state the first in the United States to define when “yes means yes” and adopt requirements for colleges to follow when investigating sexual assault reports. State lawmakers last month approved a bill by Senator Kevin de Leon, a Los Angeles Democrat, as states and universities across the US are under pressure to change how they handle rape allegations. Campus sexual assault victims and women’s advocacy groups delivered petitions to Brown’s office on 16 Sept urging him to sign the bill. De Leon has said the legislation will begin a paradigm shift in how college campuses in California prevent and investigate sexual assaults.

 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"The definition of consent under the bill requires “an affirmative, conscious and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity. The legislation says silence or lack of resistance does not constitute consent."

 

This law must without a doubt be the most retarded invention in the history of radical feminism. Silence or lack of resistance can ABSOLUTELY mean consent, and anyone who claims otherwise has clearly never engaged in consensual sex with a woman before. People simply don't provide “an affirmative, conscious and voluntary agreement" before engaging in sexual activity. Expecting people to do so is like chasing a rainbow!

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Why Innocent People Confess To Crimes

Sometimes, innocent people are convinced they committed a crime. Why is this?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The power of deception..

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Heather Wiinikka's comment, January 26, 2:15 AM
I think that is what is today's problem with the police they do not get all facts and evidence before they start accusing and the interrogation is and can be very scary and people are afraid if they do not give the answer the officer is looking for they will get into more trouble.
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Mental illness is the wrong scapegoat after mass shootings, experts say

Mental illness is the wrong scapegoat after mass shootings, experts say | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
In the shadow of the two year anniversary of one of the worst mass shootings in American history, at Sandy Hook Elementary School, an extensive new study challenges common assumptions about gun violence and mental illness that often emerge in the aftermath of mass shootings. When a mass shooting occurs there seems to be a familiar narrative that untreated mental illness is the primary cause for the terrifying act. But a new study finds that an isolated focus on mental illness is misguided. There are 32,000 gun deaths in the United States on average every year and people are far more likely to be shot by relatives, friends or acquaintances than they are by lone violent psychopaths, according to the researchers.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

These 4 things statistically predict gun violence: 1) drug/alcohol use, 2) history of violence, 3) personal relationship stress, 4) access to firearms. Mental illness is NOT one of them!

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Creator Of The Stanford Prison Experiment Looks Back On Its Disturbing Outcome 44 Years Later

Creator Of The Stanford Prison Experiment Looks Back On Its Disturbing Outcome 44 Years Later | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Back in 1971, Dr. Philip Zimbardo conducted the infamous Stanford Prison Experiment, in which he put young students in a basement-turned-prison and assigned them roles as either prisoners or guards. The plan was to study the way the dynamic of authority would affect their behavior over a period of two weeks. The experiment produced such psychological abuse and degredation of the "prisoners" that Zimbardo called it off after six days. The experiment hits the big screen on July 17 with a new film, "The Stanford Prison Experiment," which dramatizes the procedure's quick devolution into chaos and has reopened the conversation regarding what Zimbardo's research tells us about human nature and the power of control. 

 

Read also: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-time-cure/201507/the-stanford-prison-experiment

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Never underestimate the power of the situation! On July 15, The Stanford Prison Experiment premiered in New York City. The Los Angeles premier – as well as nationwide release is scheduled for July 17. Don't miss it.

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Jay Fulk's comment, July 17, 10:51 PM
This experiment was something that I studied at great length last semester. It definitely had extremely powerful effects on those involved with the experiment. Dr. Zimbardo did not conduct the experiment correctly because he was trying to play an active role in the prison environment, instead of being an observer. I think that there wasn't enough structure involved and ultimately the results from this experience really are not useful. Although, we did see that an evil place can influence a good person. The one guard completely turned sadistic because he got so deep into his role. It's an interesting experiment to read about.
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You have to see how many more people are killed by guns in America to actually believe it

You have to see how many more people are killed by guns in America to actually believe it | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

"At some point, we as a country will have to reckon with the fact that this type of mass violence does not happen in other advanced countries," Barack Obama said today in response to the killings in Charleston. "It doesn't happen in other places with this kind of frequency. And that's not only true of mass violence, but everyday homicides committed with guns. On that point, he's absolutely right: when it comes to gun homicide, the U.S. stands out from the rest of the world's wealthy nations. According to homicide data collected by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, and compiled by The Guardian newspaper, the U.S.'s annual gun homicide rate of 2.97 fatalities per 100,000 people is triple the rate seen in most of the world's other wealthy nations, defined in this chart as countries belonging to theOrganization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

With nearly 1 gun for every man, woman and child in the country, the U.S. has ratios that far exceeds other countries on that measure!

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Sexual abuse of disabled adults revealed

Sexual abuse of disabled adults revealed | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

Thousands of disabled adults across England have been sexually abused, figures obtained by the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme suggest. There were 4,748 reports of sexual abuse against adults with disabilities over the past two years, information from 106 councils in England found. The NSPCC said the cases were "the visible peak" of a much larger problem. The Local Government Association said councils "work hard to ensure support is available". The Victoria Derbyshire programme submitted Freedom of Information requests to 152 councils with adult social services responsibilities (CASSRs) in England, asking how many reports of sexual abuse of disabled clients they had recorded over the financial years 2013-14 and 2014-15, up to 16 February 2015. Data received from 106 of the 152 councils showed that 63% of the 4,748 reported cases were against those with learning disabilities, and 37% against those with physical disabilities. No comparable figures have previously been collated.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Disabled children and young people are three or four times more likely to be abused and neglected than children and young people who are not disabled.

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Don’t shoot: America’s police kill too many people. But some forces are showing how smarter, less aggressive policing gets results

Don’t shoot: America’s police kill too many people. But some forces are showing how smarter, less aggressive policing gets results | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

IN THE basement of St Gregory’s church in Crown Heights, a Brooklyn neighbourhood where kosher pizzerias compete with jerk-chicken shacks for business, the officers of the 77th precinct are giving away colouring books for children. “Police officers are your friends,” the book’s title proclaims. Around the city, protests at the decision not to prosecute the officer who choked Eric Garner to death suggested that plenty of New Yorkers did not agree. A few blocks away, not long after the precinct’s black commanding officer listened to complaints of police racism from 100 mostly black residents of the neighbourhood, a mentally disturbed man with a knife stabbed an Israeli student at an Orthodox religious school. Police shot the knifeman dead, after he threatened to stab more people, to the relief of some of the assembled faithful. The police were their friends after all.

 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The FBI counts over 400 “justifiable homicides” by American police officers every year. This number includes only those shot while committing a crime. Reporting such shootings is voluntary, so the true number is surely higher. Even undercounting, America easily outguns other rich countries: in the year to March 2013 police in England and Wales fired weapons three times and killed no one.

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The Costs of Confinement: Why Good Juvenile Justice Policies Make Good Fiscal Sense

The Costs of Confinement: Why Good Juvenile Justice Policies Make Good Fiscal Sense | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
Approximately 93,000 young people are held in juvenile justice facilities across the United States. Seventy percent of these youth are held in state-funded, post-adjudication, residential facilities, at an average cost of $240.99 per day per youth. With states facing serious budgetary constraints, it is an opportune time for policymakers to consider ways to reduce juvenile justice spending that won’t compromise public safety.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Cost to lock up 1 youth for 1 year can be up to 12x more than per-pupil spending!

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A New Approach That Unwinds the Drug War and Produces Dramatic Reductions in Recidivism

A New Approach That Unwinds the Drug War and Produces Dramatic Reductions in Recidivism | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

One of the most innovative reforms in the country is one you've probably never heard of. That's about to change, because Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) is transforming the national discussion about how to end the war on drugs and mass incarceration. LEAD began in Seattle 2011, a bold new response to a familiar problem. After decades of waging a war on drugs in Seattle, nobody was satisfied with results -- drug use and addiction were just as prevalent as ever, incarceration rates had skyrocketed, the entire system was marked by outrageous racial disparities -- and the whole thing cost a fortune. To top it off, there weren't any real benefits to public safety or health. Everyone was frustrated and ready for a new approach.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Abstinence is an option, but not the primary objective. Instead, integrate the low-level criminal offender into a highly coordinated, harm-reduction focused continuum of human services -- including housing, counseling, job training, drug treatment, mental health services, and health care. There is no need for jail, criminal prosecution, or courts.

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How Hospitals Can Help Stop the Cycle of Youth Violence

How Hospitals Can Help Stop the Cycle of Youth Violence | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

When Joel Fein was working in the emergency room of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, treating a 16-year-old boy for injuries he had suffered in a fight, he felt truly helpless when he heard the boy say: “The guy that did this—I’m gonna cap him.” It would mean another fight, another victim of violence, and another patient in the ER. How could Fein do anything to stop the continuation—and escalation—of violence? This helpless feeling, and this question, both eventually led Fein to his role as co-chair at a national network of “hospital-based violence intervention programs” (HVIPs) that teach health care workers how to help kids and teenagers who have undergone a trauma, and to divert their energies away from dangerous retaliation.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"Violence is preventable and trauma centres and emergency rooms offer a unique opportunity at the hospital bedside to most effectively engage a victim and stop the cycle of violence. These programs can actually save not just hospitals, but the criminal justice system as well, millions of dollars."


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More Prisoners Were Found Wrongfully Convicted in 2014 Than Ever Before

More Prisoners Were Found Wrongfully Convicted in 2014 Than Ever Before | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

The University of Michigan's National Registry of Exonerations announced in a report released Tuesday that a record 125 people across the United States were in 2014 exonerated of crimes they were falsely convicted of, beating 2013's 91 people. Much of the increase came from Texas, where investigators freed 33 people falsely convicted of drug offenses in Harris County (Houston). Other people were exonerated thanks to increased use of "prosecutorial Conviction Integrity Units," special investigative teams which review convictions and discovered 59 innocent people in prison in 2014 alone.


Via Dorothy Retha Cook
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"It is estimated that between 2.3% and 5% of all prisoners in the U.S. are innocent, and since the country has the highest incarceration rate in the world, with an estimated 2.4 million state, federal and county prisoners in 2014, that would mean somewhere between 55,000 and 120,000 of them were innocent.  The number of innocent death row prisoners has been estimated to be about 4.1%, or one in 25, with the actual innocence rate among the many prisoners serving long-term sentences even higher. By that metric, the U.S. has likely sentenced over 200 innocent people to death since 1978."

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A Path Appears Official Trailer

A Path Appears, from the creative team that brought you the groundbreaking series Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide, premieres January 2015 on PBS. The three-part documentary series follows Pulitzer Prize winning journalists Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn along with actor/advocates Malin Akerman, Mia Farrow, Ronan Farrow, Jennifer Garner, Regina Hall, Ashley Judd, Blake Lively, Eva Longoria, and Alfre Woodard. Together they travel throughout the United States and to Colombia, Haiti, and Kenya and uncover the harshest forms of oppression and human rights violations, as well as the solutions being implemented to combat them.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

This documentary looks incredibly inspiring!

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Why crackdowns on drugs in prisons completely miss the point

Why crackdowns on drugs in prisons completely miss the point | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it
So another report on drugs in prisons, another outline of how bad the problem is, another list of how drugs get into prisons, and set of recommendations for a crackdown - based on, you guessed it, a new co-ordinated strategy, new technology and some new guidelines on best practice. As with previous reports on this issue, (and there have been a series of them going back decades, but all saying essentially the same thing) there is something missing here that renders this report just as pointless as all its predecessors. What's missing is the bigger picture. The courage to ask: why is there such an overwhelming demand for drugs in prison in the first place?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"It would be hard to imagine how we could have engineered a worse scenario. Firstly we fill prisons with dependent drug users: 17% are inside for drug offences and more than half of the rest are problem users inside for offending related to their habits. A majority have mental health and emotional or psychological problems contributing to a (hardly surprising) demand for substances that can offer some temporary relief from the tedium, pain and misery of life in a cage. Indeed life inside can be so grim that many prisoners who arrive without a drug problem have developed one by the time they leave."

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UK prison drug seizures on the rise, new figures show

UK prison drug seizures on the rise, new figures show | Criminology, Forensic Science, Criminal Offending and Rehabilitation | Scoop.it

The number of illegal drug seizures in prisons in England and Wales is on the rise, according to figures released by the Ministry of Justice. There were almost 4,500 instances of substances being taken from inmates in 2013/14, compared with just under 3,800 in 2010/11, according to statistics given in response to a parliamentary question.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

“If we cannot keep drugs out of prisons, what hope is there for success elsewhere? The solution to this complex problem is to be found in reducing the prison population by improving the lives of some of the most damaged people in our society, not by simplistic tough on drugs rhetoric.”

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A forensic anthropologist brings closure for the “disappeared"

In Guatemala’s 36-year conflict, 200,000 civilians were killed — and more than 40,000 were never identified. Pioneering forensic anthropologist Fredy Peccerelli and his team use DNA, archeology and storytelling to help families find the bodies of their loved ones. It’s a sobering task, but it can bring peace of mind — and sometimes, justice.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The application of science in criminal justice and human rights violations is truly mind-blowing.

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