Criminology, Law and Justice
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Australia to pay women’s prison operator $11k for every inmate who avoids reoffending for 2yrs

Australia to pay women’s prison operator $11k for every inmate who avoids reoffending for 2yrs | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

A pilot program in Australia will see a state government pay the operator of a private women’s prison a bonus for every convict who manages to keep a clean record for two years after being released. The program is focused on western Australia’s newest women's prison, which is one of three private prisons in the state and is run by international conglomerate Sodexo. The company has a two-decade record of providing detention services for the UK government.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A prison operator will receive 15,000 Australian dollars (US$11,000) from the government for every inmate who stays on the right side of the law for two years after release.

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This humongous beast of an anti-drone gun isn’t quite as nasty as it looks

This humongous beast of an anti-drone gun isn’t quite as nasty as it looks | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

The latest bit of kit to hit the market is this badass bazooka-like contraption from Australian firm DroneShield. This is one awesome beast by any standards, and at first glance looks as if it'd have little trouble smashing a rogue drone to smithereens. And then some. In reality, however, the DroneGun's method of operation is surprisingly gentle. When the operator pulls the trigger, you'll see no destructive projectiles flying forth from the DroneGun. Instead, the device jams the signal between the drone pilot and their bird, forcing the machine to fly rapidly back to the ground.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

With airports, prisons, and other important facilities dealing with a growing number of incursions by amateur drone pilots, tech firms have been springing up to develop gear aimed at dealing with the problem.

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It's time to decriminalize drugs, commission report says

It's time to decriminalize drugs, commission report says | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

The Global Commission on Drug Policy’s annual report recommended that countries should end civil and criminal penalties for drug use and possession in a report that follows the commission’s sharp criticism of the UN’s lackluster effort to combat drug abuse. Commission member Richard Branson, head of the Virgin group, called the UN’s latest meeting on drug policy “fatally flawed” in April. The former Swiss president and chair of the commission, Ruth Dreifuss, told the Guardian: “Politicians should show and prove to the people that what they are doing is to save the lives of these people and bring them to the health services they need to avoid overdoses and to create a climate so when these people are in need, they are able to find help.”

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

World leaders called for the decriminalization of drugs on Monday, in a report released by a commission that includes the former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan and former presidents of Colombia, Mexico and Brazil.

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Filipino Prisons Are Running Out Of Space As Duterte's Drug Crackdown Rages On

Filipino Prisons Are Running Out Of Space As Duterte's Drug Crackdown Rages On | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s brutal war on drugs has funnelled thousands of suspected criminals off the streets and into the nation’s already-overcrowded prisons. The new leader came to power after campaigning to tackle the Philippines’ drug crisis with extreme measures ― including physical attacks and murder.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Under Duterte's rule, drug offenders are treated no different than caged chickens. The most densely overpopulated penitentiary currently houses at least 3,800 inmates ― a staggering 3,000 more people than its intended occupancy. Government data shows jails across the country are holding nearly five times more prisoners than they were designed for. Prison conditions are rapidly deteriorating, leading to limited access to facilities including toilets and causing inmates to sleep on floors and in hallways. Yet, prisoners say their incarceration at least protects them from the police and vigilante killings beyond prison walls.

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The Dutch prison crisis: A shortage of prisoners

The Dutch prison crisis: A shortage of prisoners | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
While the UK and much of the world struggles with overcrowded prisons, the Netherlands has the opposite problem. It is actually short of people to lock up. In the past few years 19 prisons have closed down and more are slated for closure next year. How has this happened - and why do some people think it's a problem?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A decade ago the Netherlands had one of the highest incarceration rates in Europe, but it now claims one of the lowest - 57 people per 100,000 of the population, compared with 148 in England and Wales. Prison are closing down, and one empty prison was recently turned into a fancy hotel south of Amsterdam, its four most expensive suites named the The Lawyer, The Judge, The Governor and The Jailer.

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Brain Scan Can Beat Polygraph at Detecting Lies

Brain Scan Can Beat Polygraph at Detecting Lies | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
The study, from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, found that scanning people’s brains with fMRI, or functional magnetic resonance imaging, was significantly more effective at spotting lies than a traditional polygraph test.
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When it comes to lying, our brains are much more likely to give us away than sweaty palms or spikes in heart rate, according to new research.

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Documentary: 13TH

The title of Ava DuVernay’s extraordinary and galvanizing documentary 13TH refers to the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which reads “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States.” The progression from that second qualifying clause to the horrors of mass criminalization and the sprawling American prison industry is laid out by DuVernay with bracing lucidity. With a potent mixture of archival footage and testimony from a dazzling array of activists, politicians, historians, and formerly incarcerated women and men, DuVernay creates a work of grand historical synthesis.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The story of how mass incarceration became the face of modern slavery for the strongest economy in the world!

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Everyone should cover up their laptop webcams right now, FBI says

Everyone should cover up their laptop webcams right now, FBI says | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Though the webcams on laptops might be useful, they’re also one of the most valuable things a hacker can get access to. Once they do so, they can easily watch and record things that go on around them – and that information can be used later for blackmail, breaking into other security systems, or worse.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The FBI has advised everyone to cover up their computers’ webcams to stop them being spied on. Leaving webcams open means that hackers can break into them and watch everything that users are doing.

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Cost of incarceration in the U.S. more than $1 trillion

Cost of incarceration in the U.S. more than $1 trillion | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

"The $80 billion spent annually on corrections is frequently cited as the cost of incarceration, but this figure considerably underestimates the true cost by ignoring important social costs," said Carrie Pettus-Davis, assistant professor at the Brown School and an expert on incarceration. A new study, "The Economic Burden of Incarceration in the U.S.," led by doctoral student Michael McLaughlin, with assistance from Pettus-Davis, draws on a burgeoning area of scholarship to assign monetary values to include costs to incarcerated persons, families, children and communities, which yield an aggregate burden of $1.2 trillion dollars.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The cost of incarceration in the United States exceeds $1 trillion, or six percent of gross domestic product, and dwarfs the amount spent on corrections alone, finds a new study.

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Mexicans demand answers for rising disappearances

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Human rights groups in Mexico say more than 13,000 people have vanished in the past three years. But they believe the number could be much higher as many cases are unreported.

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Black leaders call on CDC to break gun silence

Black leaders call on CDC to break gun silence | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
African-American public health leaders are calling on the CDC to break their silence on gun violence and recognize it as a public health crisis.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Being intentionally silent regarding a major public health crisis is not very different from deceiving and effectively misleading an entire population.

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Norwegian prisons rehabilitate criminal offenders

Norwegian prisons rehabilitate criminal offenders | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work. This is shown by a study led by researchers at the University of Bergen.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Norwegian research project is the largest study of imprisonment and return to a normal life that has ever been conducted in Europe, investigating prison sentences linked to recidivism among 22,000 prisoners over the course of 4 years. Results show that the Norwegian prison model with extensive use of labor training and rehabilitation methods while serving time, gives surprisingly good results, even compared to more lenient penalties, like probation and community service. Furthermore, the data in Norway show a direct opposite pattern from the US, where time served in prison leads to relapse into crime and exclusion from working life.

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What Consensual Sex Has To Do With Making Someone A Cup Of Tea

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Here's a good video to illustrate what consensual sex is and isn't. However, keep in mind that consent is rarely verbal. People generally don't ask in any direct sense before engaging in sex, because that potentially makes the situation awkward and a bit of a buzzkill too. The key to understanding consent is to be able to read when a person is communicating non-verbally a desire to engage or to NOT engage in sex.

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'Record number' of prison suicides in England and Wales

'Record number' of prison suicides in England and Wales | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A record number of inmates have taken their own lives in prisons in England and Wales so far this year, a prison reform charity has said.
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Staffing and budget cuts have created a toxic mix of violence, death and human misery, leading to prisons' highest rate of suicide since records began in 1978.

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Moroccan TV 'sorry' for makeup tips to hide domestic violence

Moroccan TV 'sorry' for makeup tips to hide domestic violence | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Moroccan state TV has admitted that a segment which showed women how to hide bruises with makeup was "completely inappropriate." Hundreds of women have signed a petition expressing their outrage.
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Unbelievable...

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Muslims in U.S. fear 'atmosphere of hate' as anti-Islamic incidents spike

Muslims in U.S. fear 'atmosphere of hate' as anti-Islamic incidents spike | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

Muslims in the U.S. are afraid. Newly released hate-crime statistics leave little doubt about why. Not since the Sept. 11 attacks have anti-Islamic hate crimes been at such high levels in the U.S., according to FBI statistics, which show a 67 per cent surge in criminal offences targeting Muslims last year. The bureau's annual Hate Crime Statistics Report, which collects data for 2015, included 5,850 total criminal incidents. Overall, that indicates a 6.7 per cent uptick in incidents from 2014. The FBI report shows there were 257 anti-Muslim incidents involving 307 victims last year, an increase of 103 incidents from the same period the year before. Incidents of hate crime motivated by anti-Islamic bias peaked in 2001 at 481 incidents.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Data shows 2015 marked the highest incidence of anti-Muslim offences since 9/11.

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Cyberbullying: A creeping phenomenon, only punished by law in Spain

Cyberbullying: A creeping phenomenon, only punished by law in Spain | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

According to Spain’s definition, contained in the Ministry of Education’s 2014 guide, cyberbullying only differs from bullying in that it is carried out via digital media, and also refers to cases perpetrated by minors against minors, when used within the context of education. Although not defined specifically in the Penal Code, the authors of the report insist that it is covered, given that it includes electronic harassment. As a result, Spain is the only EU country that can claim to include cyberbullying in their legislation.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

No EU definition of cyberbullying means that data is hard to come by and it is even more difficult to implement measures that can protect vulnerable people, especially the young.

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To Reduce Prison Population, Invest in Public Mental Health, New Study Says

To Reduce Prison Population, Invest in Public Mental Health, New Study Says | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
'It is well known that U.S. prisons and jails have become de facto mental health facilities'
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A new study points to a key way to reduce the prison population in the incarceration capital of the world: boost spending on public mental health. According to the study, every dollar a state invests in inpatient mental health can cut about a quarter from its jail expenditure.

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Psychotropic Medications Could Cut Risk of Violent Reoffending

Psychotropic Medications Could Cut Risk of Violent Reoffending | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A study by the University of Oxford, looking at rates of violent re-offences among former prisoners in Sweden, has shown that prescribing psychotropic medications can cut the risk of violent reoffending.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Prescribing violent offenders psychotropic drugs following release from prison decreases the risk of the reoffending.

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99.9% of Americans will know a victim of gun violence in their lifetime

99.9% of Americans will know a victim of gun violence in their lifetime | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Around 30,000 gun-related deaths and 80,000 non-fatal injuries occur annually in the US, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A study published in the American Journal of Medicine earlier this year showed that Americans were 10 times more likely to die as a result of a firearm compared with residents of 22 other high-income countries. Of all firearm deaths in all these countries, more than 80% occur in the US.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Almost every single American—99.85%—will know at least one victim of gun violence during his or her lifetime, a recent analysis estimates.

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ISIS and the New Route of Hashish

ISIS and the New Route of Hashish | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Once transported in on Jet Skis, hashish now travels to Europe on ships as long as a soccer field, through territory that officials fear is controlled by the Islamic State.

 

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How Europe’s drug trade scaled up, straight through Isis turf http://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/middle-east/how-europe-s-drug-trade-scaled-up-straight-through-isis-turf-1.2790996#.V9pU5xmR17Y.twitter

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A very good example of how drug prohibition inadvertently results in the financial support of terrorist groups and ultimately benefits war criminals, torturers, and rapists!

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Pediatricians weigh in on screen violence and kids

Pediatricians weigh in on screen violence and kids | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

Screen violence -- which includes violence in video games, television shows and movies -- is associated with aggressive behavior, aggressive thoughts and angry feelings in children, according to a policy statement released by the American Academy of Pediatrics early Monday.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Experts have reviewed hundreds of studies on thousands of children to report a significant link between 'virtual violence' and real-world aggression. On average, the effect size is small to moderate range, equivalent to the effect of passive smoke exposure on risk of lung cancer.

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When Police Deal With People Who Have Mental Health Issues

When Police Deal With People Who Have Mental Health Issues | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

You’ve undoubtedly heard about the recent report issued by the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice condemning various police practices in Baltimore. What has gone largely unmentioned, however, is the report’s detailed review of how encounters between police and people with mental illnesses result in “unnecessarily violent confrontations.” This situation should resonate with every community and every law enforcement agency in the U.S., and the solution isn’t as straightforward as providing “more training” to police officers.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

It too often ends in tragedy, but specialized training for officers is starting to make a difference.

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Decriminalizing of drugs, the only pathway

Decriminalizing of drugs, the only pathway | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
2016 has been a pivotal year for drug policy on a global level. The review of a half-century of prohibition has led countries as diverse as Jamaica, Canada and Mexico to adopt reforms that would have been considered unimaginable only a short while ago. The US states of Colorado, Oregon and Washington, as well as Washington, D.C., have regulated cannabis, and this issue is also on the ballot for November in several other US states, in particular California. Public opinion is gradually shifting to support new approaches.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Drug trafficking and the black market are, to a large extent, a direct consequence of the international drug control system and the national laws that are derived therefrom.

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Philippines: Stop encouraging murder

Philippines: Stop encouraging murder | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

President Duterte gave police ‘shoot to kill’ orders along with complete immunity to hunt down any drug suspects. Even vigilante groups and ordinary citizens are taking this as a green light to commit murder. On 7 August 2016 the president released a ‘kill list’ of 150 people allegedly associated with drugs. This resulted in terrible violence, bodies on the streets and even deaths in custody. This anarchy will continue to rise unless we demand that the president immediately stops sanctioning murder.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Since coming into power, President Rodrigo Duterte has overseen the unlawful killing of more than 30 people every single day. Take part in this petition to tell the president that the world is watching. Urge him to condemn the unlawful killings and reinstate the right to life and security for all citizens in the country.

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