Crimes of the 1930's
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Crimes of the 1930's
Robbery, murdering, etc.
Curated by Bradley Aranda
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Criminals Documents 2

http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/history/famous-cases/john-dillinger

Bradley Aranda's insight:

Annotation: Dillinger was a famous thief in the 1930s. His gang scared people in the midwest. Dillinger tried to get work, but failed. He rob a store and got caught. He then got sentenced to jail for two years.

 

 

During the 1930s Depression, many Americans, nearly helpless against forces they didn't understand, made heroes of outlaws who took what they wanted at gunpoint. Of all the lurid desperadoes, one man, John Herbert Dillinger, came to evoke this Gangster Era and stirred mass emotion to a degree rarely seen in this country.

Dillinger, whose name once dominated the headlines, was a notorious and vicious thief. From September 1933 until July 1934, he and his violent gang terrorized the Midwest, killing 10 men, wounding 7 others, robbing banks and police arsenals, and staging 3 jail breaks—killing a sheriff during one and wounding 2 guards in another.

John Herbert Dillinger was born on June 22, 1903 in the Oak Hill section of Indianapolis, a middle-class residential neighborhood. His father, a hardworking grocer, raised him in an atmosphere ofdisciplinary extremes, harsh and repressive on some occasions, but generous and permissive on others. John's mother died when he was three, and when his father remarried six years later, John resented his stepmother.

In adolescence, the flaws in his bewildering personality became evident, and he was frequently in trouble. Finally, he quit school and got a job in a machine shop in Indianapolis. Although intelligent and a good worker, he soon became bored and often stayed out all night. His father, worried that the temptations of the city were corrupting his teenage son, sold his property in Indianapolis and moved his family to a farm near Mooresville, Indiana. However, John reacted no better to rural life than he had to that in the city and soon began to run wild again.

A break with his father and trouble with the law (auto theft) led him to enlist in the Navy. There he soon got into trouble and deserted his ship when it docked in Boston. Returning to Mooresville, he married 16-year-old Beryl Hovius in 1924. A dazzling dream of bright lights and excitement led the newlyweds to Indianapolis. Dillinger had no luck finding work in the city and joined the town pool shark, Ed Singleton, in his search for easy money. In their first attempt, they tried to rob a Mooresville grocer, but were quickly apprehended. Singleton pleaded not guilty, stood trial, and was sentenced to two years in prison. Dillinger, following his father's advice, confessed, was convicted of assault and battery with intent to rob and conspiracy to commit a felony, and received joint sentences of two to 14 years and 10 to 20 years in the Indiana State Prison. Stunned by the harsh sentence, Dillinger became a tortured, bitter man in prison.

His period of infamy began on May 10, 1933, when he was paroled from prison after serving eight-and-a-half years of his sentence. Almost immediately, Dillinger robbed a bank in Bluffton, Ohio. Dayton police arrested him on September 22, and he was lodged in the county jail in Lima, Ohio to await trial.

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My life in 1930s

Great Depression

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Dear Mom,

 

            I know it been a while since I talk to you, but I need you to know what happening in my life right now. On the year 1929, my whole life changed when the stock market crashed.  I lost everything I been working for during my life. I had been reduce to nothing… My money is all gone now. My life is now ruin… I don’t know what to do now, until one day I was wandering on the streets, and that when I decided to change my life. I saw a grocery shop. It was empty, but inside I saw heaven…. No one was around. So I found a bright red brick on the side of the store. So I decided it me or them, and that when I grab the brick and threw it on the store door. I glass shattered and made a big commotion. I ran inside, grabbed a plastic bag and took all the food I can take. While I was taking all I can that when I heard the cops sirens. I got startle, but I knew I shouldn’t get caught. I ran as quickly as possible to the back of the shop. I look at the back window and saw no one was there. I quickly broke the glass with my hands. And jump out the window and ran as fast as possible. When I was running I was to focus on the police not seeing me that I didn’t saw a ditch. I fell and rolled down the hill until I hit a big boulder with my head. Next thing I knew I got knock out…. When I woke up I was still at the same place. It was dark, I could barley see. I try to stand up but the pain on my hand strain me down. I was bleeding I knew this was a bad sign. I became a criminal now. I have to life my life as one also. So I look around and found a way out. I went home and treated this wound myself; I knew I wouldn’t have the money for it. Three weeks later…. I was feeling better now, but I heard some good news! The government donated money to banks for loans, because many banks been foreclosure. This mean robbing a bank would profit me a lot to live during this depression. I needed a gun but due to inflation I can’t afford one. I could barley afford anything. I live in an abandon house now. I lost my home just 3 days ago. If it wasn’t for my neighbor I would have been dead, because he treated my wound. I don’t know if I can live longer, everything is expensive now. Living conditions just got worse. I got no food or water. Sooner or later someone going to find out I live in a abandon house, and I’m going to have to leave. A week has pass and now I live in the streets. All I have is a knife. I’m basically a hobo now. Our president has done nothing about this depression. I don’t want to rob again and become a criminal. I want to live my life as a good person could be. I was walking on streets all day, and I saw people playing music for money. Maybe that the best thing you can do to earn money. Music was getting popular now. But even if I decided to play music I cant afford an instrument.

There are more hoovervilles out on the parks then it was back then. I wouldn’t blame them. The president has done nothing about this depression at all, until that one day. The Hoover Dam Project! Many people got jobs during this project. So I was like heck I go to. When I went there I was shock. I didn’t know if this was a good idea. The whole project was dangerous. I saw people fall every once in a while. I was scared for my life. I wanted to quit but I just know I couldn’t. The dam was almost finished, but personally it wasn’t worth for all the lives lost during this project. I went home and I got hit with news. While I was working for the Dam, I got told my father died because of the dust storms on Kansas. I was sad… I never did apologize him for the mistake I made back then, and that why I’m writing to you now. I want you to know how my life is, and to understand that the mistakes I made was not because of you. I didn’t wanted to rob that store back then, but I had no choice. I was caught. It been years since I rob, but it won’t change what I did. I have 20 years in jail, and this is the last time you will hear from me. I hope you have a good life and please don’t be sad on what happens. Everybody made mistakes, but the government made the biggest mistake on not helping us sooner. I hope they get what coming for them. Just know I still am living. When I leave jail I’m going to live an ordinary live I can. Good luck to you mom.

 

Sincerely,

 

Bradley

 

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Nathan Cushenbery-Andrews's comment, February 6, 2013 3:55 PM
Good letter.
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Crimes 2

Link 2

Bradley Aranda's insight:

http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1596.html

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Nathan Cushenbery-Andrews's comment, February 6, 2013 3:55 PM
Label your scoops correctly.
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Criminals Documents 3

http://www.gambino.com/bio/charlesluciano.htm

Bradley Aranda's insight:

Annotation: Scar face was a famous criminal. No matter what he did, people still liked him for his work. He was also slick, because cops couldn't get a charge on him. He finally got charge for failure to pay taxes and they took him to jail.

 

 

His family moved to the Lower East Side of  New York in 1906, where he was first arrested in 1907.By 1915, Luciano trained in the Five Points Gang, a Society crew, under John Torrio.In this gang, he became a friend with Al Capone and other prominent members.Luciano started his own prostitution racket with  Joe Adonis, in the early 1920'sand was in total control of prostitution in Manhattan by 1925.By 1927, his enterprise had made him a millionaire, but where Capone did not bother with taxes,Luciano filed every year. An amount of $22,500 as income from gambling.  In 1929 he was kidnapped, beaten and stabbed severally with an ice pick.He miraculously survived but maintained "omerta",which is a vow never to reveal any secrets or members under penalty of death or torture.  Towards the end of the 20's Luciano was ready to start turning his ideas of a nationalsyndicate into reality, and with the help of  his friends Lansky and Siegel he was ableto get rid of several big players opposed to his plans.Luciano wanted power his rival was Masseria and Masseria's rival was Salvador Maranzano.Carlo Gambino joined forces with Lucky Luciano to better serve their enterprises.Luciano wanted to oust both Masseria and Maranzano to align the families.On April 15, 1931, Masseria was murdered while at a meeting with Luciano at a Coney Island restaurant.Luciano had lunch with Joe the Boss. During the meal, Luciano went to the men's room.While he was in the men's room, Vito Genovese, Albert Anastasia, Bugsy Siegel, and Joe Adonis killed Masseria and fled the scene. Maranzano was now the sole leader of the New York underworld.  Luciano joined with Maranzano, as the new bosses.His first action would be to call a huge meeting of all the families.They met in May 1931 in the banquet hall of the Grand Concources in the Bronx.At the meeting, Maranzano explained how the syndicate would now (and forever) be organized.He formed the five families of New York, Giving one of the families to Vincent Mangano.Maranzano organized La Cosa Nostra  meaning ( Our Thing)exactly the way the Roman Empire was structured when Ceasar was its ruler.The syndicate was setup so that there was many men between Maranzanoand any crime that was committed by a member of a L.C.N. family.Maranzano also established a few rules to be followed by all members.The biggest rule was that only men of Italian blood could obtain membership.This proved to be a big rule. Maranzano then realized that in order for him to keep his new found power,he would have to get rid of some very dangerous men.The main one being Lucky Luciano.Luciano soon heard of the bosses' plans to eliminate him from the picture.So, instead Lucky (with the help of Genovese and Lucchese) had Maranzano killed.Maranzano was shot and stabbed to death in his New York offices on orders from Luciano.This left the door open for Luciano to become the top boss.Lucky Luciano was now the head of L.C.N. and he proceeded to make many changes.He created a national crime syndicate that welcomed jewish and irish mobs as non-member associates.He also added the position of consigliere to the family structure.Lucky established the twelve member group called the Commision to settle the affairs of the entire crime syndicate.

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Criminals Documents 1

http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/history/famous-cases/bonnie-and-clyde

Bradley Aranda's insight:

Annotation: Bonnie and Clyde were one of the famous duo criminals back then. Even though they were criminals they were respected for bank robberies. It was during the great depression when this all happen. The people felt like the goverment were stealing from then. So bank robberies is stealing back what belong to them in the first place.

 

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), then called the Bureau of Investigation, became interested in Barrow and his paramour late in December 1932 through a singular bit of evidence. A Ford automobile, which had been stolen in Pawhuska, Oklahoma, was found abandoned near Jackson, Michigan in September of that year. At Pawhuska, it was learned another Ford car had been abandoned there which had been stolen in Illinois. A search of this car revealed it had been occupied by a man and a woman, indicated by abandoned articles therein. In this car was found a prescription bottle, which led special agents to a drug store in Nacogdoches, Texas, where investigation disclosed the woman for whom theprescription had been filled was Clyde Barrow's aunt.

Further investigation revealed that the woman who obtained the prescription had been visited recently by Clyde Barrow, Bonnie Parker, and Clyde's brother, L. C. Barrow. It also was learned that these three were driving a Ford car, identified as the one stolen in Illinois. It was further shown that L. C. Barrow had secured the empty prescription bottle from a son of the woman who had originally obtained it.

On May 20, 1933, the United States Commissioner at Dallas, Texas, issued a warrant against Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker, charging them with the interstate transportation, from Dallas to Oklahoma, ofthe automobile stolen in Illinois. The FBI then started its hunt for this elusive pair.

Bonnie and Clyde met in Texas in January, 1930. At thetime, Bonnie was 19 and married to an imprisoned murderer; Clyde was 21 and unmarried. Soon after, he was arrested for a burglary and sent to jail. He escaped, using a gun Bonnie had smuggled to him, was recaptured and was sent back to prison. Clyde was paroled in February 1932, rejoined Bonnie, and resumed a life ofcrime.

In addition to the automobile theft charge, Bonnie and Clyde were suspects in other crimes. At the time they were killed in 1934, they were believed to have committed 13 murders and several robberies and burglaries. Barrow, for example, was suspected of murdering two police officers at Joplin, Missouri and kidnapping a man and a woman in rural Louisiana. He released them near Waldo, Texas. Numerous sightings followed, linking this pair with bank robberies and automobile thefts. Clyde allegedly murdered a man at Hillsboro, Texas; committed robberies at Lufkin and Dallas, Texas; murdered one sheriff and wounded another at Stringtown, Oklahoma; kidnaped a deputy at Carlsbad, New Mexico; stole an automobile at Victoria, Texas; attempted to murder a deputy at Wharton, Texas; committed murder and robbery at Abilene and Sherman, Texas; committed murder at Dallas, Texas; abducted a sheriff and the chief of police at Wellington, Texas; and committed murder at Joplin and Columbia, Missouri.

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Crimes 3

Link 3

Bradley Aranda's insight:

http://www.wright.edu/~jim.adamitis/FamousCriminals/criminals.html

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