Crime of the 1930's
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Crime of the 1930's
Crime of the 1930's
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Current Event #2-Connecicut School Shooting

Current Event #2-Connecicut School Shooting | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it

Current Event #2

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HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) — Connecticut lawmakers on Tuesday began reviewing mental health care following the deadly Newtown school shooting, even though they and the public have little insight into the mental state of the 20-year-old gunman.

The prosecutor in the case, Danbury State's Attorney Stephen Sedensky III, said he cannot release information about Adam Lanza's mental health because of the Connecticut Rules of Professional Conduct, which covers all attorneys in the state. His office is reviewing whether details of Lanza's mental state can be released to the public after the police report is completed, possibly in June.

But Jeremy Richman, father of 6-year-old Arielle Richman, one of the 20 first-graders killed at Sandy Hook Elementary School on Dec. 14, told a legislative subcommittee on Tuesday that it is clear Lanza did not commit an impulsive act of violence, but rather a planned crime with the "goal of achieving infamy" like other mass shooters.

"The shooters in Sandy Hook, Tucson, Aurora, Littleton, Blacksburg — we will not grant them the respect of using their names — were not in their right minds," said Richman, who, along with his wife, has started a foundation in their daughter's name to protect vulnerable groups from violence and to understand the mental underpinnings of violent behavior.

"Too little is known in the mental health area about what drives these violent behaviors," he said. "Clearly, something is wrong with the person capable of such atrocities."

Besides gun violence and school safety, two task forces created by Gov. Dannel P. Malloy and the General Assembly are focusing on mental health services and reducing the stigma of treatment as they review public policy and recommend law changes after shooting, which also left six educators at Sandy Hook dead. Police said Lanza also killed his mother at the Newtown home they shared and later committed suicide as police approached the school.

The massacre in Newtown has also set off a national discussion about mental health care, with everyone from law enforcement leaders to the gun industry, urging policymakers to focus on the issue as a way to help prevent similar mass shootings.

Members of Malloy's commission said they would like to have details of Lanza's mental health, but it's not essential.

"I don't think not having that information is going to prevent us from doing important work," said Dr. Harold Schwartz, a psychiatrist on the commission. "Adam Lanza is just one case. We really need to think about large populations. We need to think about improving the mental health system for everyone."

Nelba Marquez-Greene, mother of 6-year-old Sandy Hook victim Ana Marquez-Greene and a licensed marriage and family therapist, said she hopes Connecticut will become a national model to improve its mental health system. In written testimony read by her sister on Tuesday, Marquez-Greene suggested that exposing families to trained mental health professionals to de-stigmatize mental health access and treatment. She also called for the state to fully fund programs that provide support to parents.

"My Ana Grace was murdered. She was six years old. She was one of 26 innocent people massacred senselessly," Marquez-Greene wrote. "This tragedy could have been prevented."

Lawmakers were urged to look at numerous issues such as stronger civil commitment laws, mandatory mental health evaluations for gun purchasers, more funding for school-based health centers that provide mental health care and community-based mental health services, and allowing families to put a troubled relative on a list preventing them from obtaining a gun. At the same time, some people diagnosed with mental illness told the legislators not to take out their anger with Lanza against them.

Slightly more than 100 people signed up to testify on Tuesday, compared to 1,200 who signed up to testify at Monday's hearing on gun laws.

Jennifer Maksel, a Newtown mother of three whose youngest son is a first grader at Sandy Hook, told the panel about how she worries for her mentally troubled 12-year-old son, who she said can be abusive toward her and his brothers. Maksel said she's been trying for years to get him services, but the shooting brought his problems to the forefront and prompted an emergency meeting with school officials.

"It took something like this. Because I don't want another tragedy. Would I think he would do it? I don't think so. But who knows? He's 12 years old," she said. "But if I don't get him social skills to prepare himself for when he's 18, what am I going to do?"

State lawmakers were told that individuals with private insurance have much more limited access to services than people using government insurance. Patricia Rehmer, commissioner of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, said there are limits on the number of services that can be used annually, which can create problems for families.

"I am often called, especially by parents of young adults who are now keeping their children — young adults — on their insurance until they're 26, who need the services that we provide," Rehmer said of her agency, which serves only people without private insurance.

"They need case management. They need supportive housing. They need interactions with their peers," she said. "Those are things that private insurance companies do not pay for.

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Definitions

Definitions | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it
Kamri.M.Owens's insight:
1.Flamboyant- (of a person of their behavior) tending to attract attention because of their confidence and stylishness The way the young man strutted into the mall was so flamboyant to Samantha. 2.Regiment-rule or government over a person, people, or country Our American lives are regimented every day by laws we have to follow. 3.Repercussion-a unintended consequence occurring some time after an event or action occurring some time after an event or action If you do not think about your negative actions there will be consequences and repercussions to follow those consequences. 4.Menial- (of work) not requiring much skill and lacking prestige Being a baggage person at Price chopper is a menial job. 5.Romanticize-deal with or describe in an idealized or unrealistic fashion; make (something) seem better or more appealing than it really is Linda tried to romanticize her date with Jerry to make it sound better than what it really was. 6.Ambush-make a surprise attack on (some one) from a concealed position The foreign country tried to ambush the U.S during war. 7.Instantaneous-occuring or done in an instant or instantly Kamri is a very instantaneous person when it comes to getting her work done. 8.Incapacitated-prevent from functioning in a normal way George incapacitated the microwave by putting foil in it. 9.Taverns-an establishment for the sale of beer and other drinks to be consumed on the premises Rogers on 29th street is a tavern. 10.Informants-a person who gives info to another Gossip usually spreads because of informants who typically do not always have the correct resources.
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Website #3 crime of the 1930's

Website #3 crime of the 1930's | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it

by Sebastian

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Crime In The 1930’S By Sebastian WeedonPresentation Transcript1. Sebastian Weedon P.4 5/4/092. The Investigation and Punishment of crime had  always been a local or state function. President Hoover’s attorney General reminded  critics that the Federal Government had no responsibility for fighting crime. Justice of Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were  not allowed to carry weapons or make arrests3. Arizona Donnie Clark: she was known for robbing  trains and banks , she was also known for kidnappings. John Herbert: A classic famous criminal, he  robbed banks and later was involves in numerous murders. In 1934 Herbert was arrested for killing a police officer William O'Malley while robbing a bank. Later on July 22nd Herbert was shot to death by a FBI agents lead by Melvin Purvis.4. In 1933 the murder rate was at 9.7 one of the  highest ever in the (US) The use of the nation's taxing power to send  some of its more notorious gangsters to prison for income tax evasion was a rare demonstration of the federal government's policing power.5. Bonny and Clyde  Al Capone  John Dillinger  Baby face nelson  “pretty boy” Floyd  Albert Henry “DESALVO “  Charles Manson 6. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow went on their  two-year crime spree (1932-1934). Bonnie and Clyde were responsible for 13  murders, some of whom were innocent people, killed during one of Clyde's many bungled robberies. Both Clyde and Bonnie died quickly from over  130 bullets that were fired at the couple.7. Al Capone was one of the most popular (US) gangsters during the  1930s,he was mostly involved with illegal gambling, bootlegging and prostitution. Capone was known for his smarts and brutality, and by 1925 he was in charge of one of Chicago's biggest criminal gangs. It was Capone's men who gunned down seven rivals in 1929 in what was called the quot;St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Capone ended up finally going to jail for income tax evasion in 1931. After serving eight years in federal prison Al was released with good behavior. In 1947 Al Capone died in Florida of heart failure. Capone has been portrayed in the movies By Rod Steiger( Al Capone  1959), Neville Brand (TV's The Untouchables in1959-63), Robert Denirro (The Untouchables, 1987) and William Forsythe (TV's The Untouchables, 1993). 8. http://www.wright.edu/~jim.adamitis/Famo  usCriminals/criminals.html http://www.enotes.com/1930-law-justice-  american-decades/crime-punishment http://www.wright.edu/~jim.adamitis/Famo  usCriminals/criminals.html http://www.factmonster.com/biography/var  /alcapone.html

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Website #2 Harlem Gangs (1920-1930)

Website #2 Harlem Gangs (1920-1930) | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it

Harlem Gangs

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BLACK GANGS OF HARLEM : 1920-1939 BY Walter A. Bell share Comments A Brief History Very little is known about organized black gangs that operated in Harlem, New York, during the Prohibition and Depression years. Almost all organized crime in Harlem during that time was run by Italian, Jewish, and Irish gangsters. A few loosely run black crime factions did exist and primarily concentrated on policy and lottery gambling, prostitution and drugs. These are the true stories of a time, a place and a people who lived during one of our countrys darkest and most socially flamboyant periods. It was the era of the flappers, jazz music, the Harlem Renaissance, bootlegged booze, speakeasies, gin joints, Tammany Hall, and the mob the crooked politicians and gangsters who ruled over it all. William Bojangles Robinson Americas troops were finally back from the war to end all wars. World War I was over and the country was rejoicing. The Fifth Regiment of New Yorks National Guard proudly marched down Fifth Avenue, the men rhythmically striding in perfect unison to the lilting jazz music from the military band preceding them. Thousands of people lined the way, cheering and waving flags as the troops passed through the city. Everybody was smiling. Everybody was happy and optimistic. Their husbands, fathers, brothers and sons were back. The Hell Fighters were home. A uniformed Bill Bojangles Robinson pumped his drum majors baton wildly into the air as he marched in front of Lieutenant Jim Europes all black band, leading the returning warriors back home to Harlem. Americas returning black soldiers were sure they now would be treated as equals, having bravely proved their worth by serving honorably overseas. More than 200,000 blacks populated Harlem and more were migrating from the cotton fields and sugarcane fields of the South to join those home from the war. The hope was that they all would find better paying work, better housing and equality. It did not take long for them all to realize that America had not changed. The whites only system was still solidly in place, and was steadily growing worse on a daily basis. The only work they found available were low-paying, menial jobs as janitors, servants, bootblacks, cooks, houseboys and baggage handlers; to name a few. These positions hardly paid them enough to live on and much less than any white person was paid for doing the same work. The doors to the good jobs were shut in their faces and they were dared to step out of line, under threat of severe repercussions. A few enterprising people did manage to open some nightclubs, restaurants and taverns that catered to Harlems black population. Lenox Avenue in Harlem, 1927 �� The housing situation grew worse. Estimates placed more than 5,000 people residing in a single block. Harlem was a severely overcrowded and segregated community, with more than 250,000 citizens crammed into an area 50 blocks long and eight blocks wide. Many of these people had to sleep in shifts. One would return from work to sleep, while another would vacate the bed to go to work. The bed would always remain warm for its next occupant. Many of the Harlemites could barely scrape together enough money to pay rent. This led to what became known as rent parties, which were commonly held on weekends to raise enough money to pay the landlord. If the rent was not paid by Sunday, the tenant would find their belongings thrown out on the streets. Times were hard for black people, not only in Harlem but throughout the nation. Race riots and labor riots were erupting everywhere. Racism was the rule and malcontent was the order of the day. In the midst of these conflicts, the nation was entering into the throes of Prohibition. On January 20, 1920, Congress passed the 18th Amendment to the Constitution, banning the sale of alcoholic beverages. Harlem establishments that depended on the sale of alcohol were forced out of business, as were others across the nation. These disrupting events marked the beginning of the Roaring Twenties.

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My Letter From The 1930's

My Letter

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Dear Aunt Carol,

 

Things were just beginning to get extremely crazy during the 1930’s. A storm called dust bowl came about in this year. The storm started in South West Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Texas. Surely enough the storm began to spread over the whole region. This storm did not stop crime though! Al Capone was a major criminal in the 1930’s. He sold illegal drugs and contributed to many illegal activities. Many times before he would try to stop me walking on my way home from work to ask me if I was interested in working for him. The nerve of him! I was just thankful that my children were not around during the times he approached me. I did not want them to hear the repugnant language I would use with Al when he asked me such questions. In my mind the questions were all rhetorical, considering I felt that he knew he would never get an answer from me, and my effect after the question would not change. Although I could have easily used Capone for his money, his life style just was not fit or compatible with mines. Me being very holy, and him being very thuggish did not sit right with me. I could not allow that type of person in my life. Not only did Al Capone sell illegal products, but he was also a stone cold killer. Many people feared the power that Al seemed to have over the state. No one could stop him in his criminal activities. Oh but Al was not the only one participating in illegal activities. Bonnie and Clyde were unstoppable during the 1930’s! The couple was crime warriors for 2 years straight (from 1932-1934). Bonnie and Clyde were known for kidnapping and killing people. Bonnie was a pretty blonde that caught eyes of almost every man she looked at. As for Clyde; well he was a handsome man that every woman of the town dreamt of having, with the exception of me. I cannot explain how inseparable they were. The extreme couple were all on the news for things you just would not imagine! I do not understand how they got away with the crimes they committed for so many years. Enough about those two. The murder rate was at 9.7 in 1933. That is the highest it has ever been in the U.S.  President Hoover tried to bring things together, in general during the Great Depression. The Great Depression ranked as the worst period of unemployment. Things were going down hill at a very fast rate. Herbert Hoover took over at this time. oover fffNot only were murder rates going up, but stock markets were closing. Having a stock market was a must in the 1930’s. Nearly everybody in the U.S. had one. Devastated and shocked, Americans began to rush to banks to try and get their money out so that they would not lose all of what they had. Unfortunately, not everyone was able to get all of their money out of the bank in time. This left many people broke and on thee streets with their children. Even if you paid $100,000 on your house and only had $100 to pay left you would still be forced to leave your home if you did not have the money you needed to pay your last payment. Yes,, things were pretty hectic. All I did every night was pray that things get better. Thankfully for myself I was able to get my money out of the bank before everything was completely gone. After the stock market crashed people began to keep their money in safe places in their own home. I was definitely one of those people. It hurt my heart to see people being forced out of their homes to live on the streets. I prayed to God that things would get better soon, every single day and night. In 1932 Franklin D Roosevelt was elected as president. Franklin’s changes gave the government more power and helped ease the depression a little bit. Almost every nation was affected by the depression. I repeat this again so that you understand how bad times were! Every country tried helping it’s own industry by raising taxes on goods. People even began changing their leader and government in hopes of improvement. Poor economic conditions led to the rise of Hitler and the invasion of China by the Japanese. Yes, things were pretty rowdy, I know! People from Germany supported Hitler because they were hoping for improved conditions. War was established in 1939, and ended in 1945. After nations increased their production of war materials, the Great Depression ended.  Because of the increased level of production, many jobs were provided and money was put back into circulation. The Depression had strong effects on the U.S. government and Americans. The government now had even more responsibilities and Americans stressed the importance of getting material things such as household appliances, and cars. Things were now becoming more modern as far as the way women dressed and the type of music we listened to. Living through this time was a struggle for everyone, and unfortunately some more than others. Thousands of people died during the war and Great Depression. I hope that by time you get this letter I am still alive and in good health to reply back to our response.

 

Love, your oldest niece Kamri

 

p.s-How’s grandpa? Tell him I love him, would you please. 

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Current Event #1-Colarado Shoot Out

Current Event #1-Colarado Shoot Out | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it

Current Event #1

Kamri.M.Owens's insight:

Centennial, Colorado (CNN) -- Colorado movie shooting suspect James Holmes was charged Monday with 24 counts of first-degree murder -- two counts for each of the 12 people killed in the shooting.

Twelve of the murder counts cite "deliberation," and 12 cite "extreme indifference" to the value of human life.

The 24-year-old former doctoral student also was charged with 116 counts of attempted murder -- two for each of the 58 moviegoers wounded in the attack. Finally, he was charged with one count of felony possession of explosive devices and one count related to the use of an assault weapon, a shotgun and a handgun during the incident.

The 142 counts are all in connection with the July 20 massacre in the Century Aurora 16 multiplex minutes into a midnight screening of "The Dark Knight Rises."

 

 James Holmes formally charged

 

 The media and the massacre

 

 Greene: Movie atmosphere was safe

 

 Shooting victim: 'I forgive you'

Shackled around his wrists and ankles, Holmes was escorted into Arapahoe County Courthouse by two sheriffs deputies. Five other sheriffs deputies were standing in the courtroom.

Court appearance fuels theories about Colorado shooting suspect

In his first court appearance last week, Holmes appeared dazed and did not speak. During Monday's hearing, meanwhile, he seemed calm and frail, sitting at the right edge of the defense table with his dyed-orange hair matted on top, its roots dark.

For a while, he stared blankly at the judge's bench but appeared to be aware of what was going on. When the judge asked him whether he understood why his attorneys were asking for more time before a hearing, he said softly, "Yes."

About half of the approximately 120 seats in the courtroom were filled with victims or their family members; more watched on video in an overflow room.

One young man in the front row of the courtroom leaned forward and stared at Holmes without averting his gaze throughout the 45-minute proceeding.

Read the charges (PDF)

Another observer, her left arm and leg in bandages, sat slumped in her seat. Around her wrist was a hospital wristband.

"It was very important to come today to see him as who he was," MaryEllen Hansen told reporters outside the courthouse. "I really wanted an opportunity to watch his gestures (and) study him as much as I could."

Her niece's 6-year-old daughter, Veronica Moser-Sullivan, was the youngest person killed in the rampage. Hansen's niece, Ashley Moser, faces a long recovery after being paralyzed in her lower half and miscarrying after the shooting.

"I got a sense that he was very aware of what was going on," Hansen said of Holmes. "He had an expression and kind of a persona of evilness to him. But he looked very sane to me, he really did."

Asked if she favors the death penalty, the retired school principal said, "I'm a Christian and I do believe that he should probably be locked away and live with what he did every day of his life."

Background of suspect full of contrasts

Arapahoe County District Attorney Carol Chambers said last Monday that it will take time for prosecutors to decide whether or not they will pursue the death penalty, since they'd first want to get input from victims and their relatives.

Authorities have remained silent about a possible motive in the case.

A court document filed Friday revealed that Holmes was a patient of a University of Colorado psychiatrist before the attack.

The disclosure was made in a filing by Holmes' public defenders requesting that authorities hand over a package he sent to Dr. Lynne Fenton at the university's Anschutz Medical Campus, where he had been studying neuroscience before announcing earlier this month that he was withdrawing from the program.

The package seized by authorities under a July 23 search warrant should remain confidential, protected by the doctor-patient relationship because "Holmes was a psychiatric patient of Fenton," the request said.

In response, prosecutors asked Arapahoe County District Judge William Sylvester to deny Holmes' request, saying it contained inaccuracies including claims of media leaks by government officials that in reality may have been fabricated by news organizations.

The package is expected to be the focus of a status hearing set for August 9.

Prosecutors say they will begin turning over thousands of pages of discovery in the next couple of days. The defense says they need this information to prepare for the hearing.

Warning signs of violence: What to do

During the week of November 12, attorneys expect a preliminary hearing and an evidence hearing that will include several days of testimony.

As Monday's hearing unfolded, 10 survivors remained hospitalized, three of them in critical condition. But there was some progress: The day began at the University of Colorado Hospital at Aurora, for instance, with three in critical, one in serious and one in fair condition and ended with two in critical and three in fair condition.

Meanwhile, those affected continued to come to grips with the horror. On Saturday alone, memorial services were held for four people killed in the massacre including two men -- Matt McQuinn from Ohio and Alex Teves from Arizona -- who died shielding their girlfriends from gunfire.

Closer to Aurora, which is just east of Denver, people worked to make sense of what happened and support one another. For some, that includes making sure the shooting suspect knows that they are stronger, better and united.

"The man was a coward. We're here to show that we have strength and that we're willing to fight back," said Don Lader, after attending Monday's court hearing.

"He looked defeated," Lader added about Holmes, "and he knows that he's not the one with power anymore -- that's us."

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Primary Document #2 Al Capone

Primary Document #2 Al Capone | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it

Al Capone

Kamri.M.Owens's insight:

 

Annotations:

1.Al Capone was a big time drug dealer and participated in many illegal activities.

 

2.Al made hundred of thousands of dollars by the time he was 25 off of all of his businesses.

 

3. My reaction to the information below is shocked that he actually got away with such illegal things.

 

Alphonse Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1899. When he was 22 he was recruited by Johnny Torrio, a bootlegger in Chicago. Torrio was one of the many people who had established his business after the passing of the National Prohibition Act in 1920. Capone's job was to persuade speakeasy proprietors to buy Torrio's illegal alcohol.

Within three years Capone had taken over Johnny Torrio's business and controlled 161 illegal drinking establishments. In an attempt to expand his business, Capone developed the policy of killing his competitors.

After the killing of Dion O'Banion in 1926 gang-warfare broke out in Chicago. In one year there were 130 gangsters murdered in just one district of the city. This included the famous St Valentine's Day Massacre when six leading members of the Bugs Moran gang were executed in a garage by gangsters dressed in police uniforms.

Few of the murderers were arrested and convicted of their crimes. Gangsters like Capone were able to use their money to bribe police investigators or intimidate potential witnesses. The police were also hampered by the refusal of any gangster to testify against another gangster.

It is estimated that by 1929, Capone's income from the various aspects of his business was $60,000,000 (illegal alcohol), $25,000,000 (gambling establishments), $10,000,000 (vice) and $10,000,000 from various other rackets. It is claimed that Capone was employing over 600 gangsters to protect this business from rival gangs.

The journalist Claude Cockburn interviewed Capone in 1930. When Cockburn suggested that Capone had become a gangster because of poverty he replied: "Listen, don't get the idea I'm one of these goddam radicals. Don't get the idea I'm knocking the American system.... My rackets are run on strictly American lines and they're going to stay that way... This American system of ours, call it Americanism, call it Capitalism, call it what you like, gives to each and every one of us a great opportunity if we only seize it with both hands and make the most of it."

 

Cornelia Barns, The Liberator (1931)

Capone openly admitted how he had obtained his wealth. "I make my money by supplying a public demand. If I break the law, my customers who number hundreds of the best people in Chicago, are as guilty as I am. The only difference is that I sell and they buy. Everybody calls me a racketeer. I call myself a businessman."

Unable to obtain the evidence to convict Capone of murder, in 1931 the authorities decided to charge him with tax evasion. Found guilty Capone was sentenced to eleven years imprisonment. When Capone was released in 1939 prohibition had come to an end and he was he was no longer able to make money from selling illegal alcohol. He was also showing signs of the effects of syphilis and no longer had the mental strength to obtain past loyalties.

Alphonse Capone died in 1947

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Primary Document #1

Primary Document #1 | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it

Bonnie & Clyde

Kamri.M.Owens's insight:

Annotations:

 

1.Bonnie and Clyde were young and in love

 

2.The couple were stone cold killers.

 

3.I find it crazy that the couple seemed to be having fun killing people and kidnapping policemen.

 

 

Historical Importance of Bonnie and Clyde: It was during theGreat Depression that Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow went on their two-year crime spree (1932-1934). The general attitude in the country was against government and Bonnie and Clyde used that to their advantage. With an image closer to Robin Hood rather than mass murderers, Bonnie and Clyde captured the imagination of the nation.

Dates: Bonnie Parker (October 1, 1910 -- May 23, 1934); Clyde Barrow (March 24, 1909 -- May 23, 1934)

Also Known As: Bonnie Elizabeth Parker, Clyde Chestnut Barrow, The Barrow Gang

Overview of Bonnie and Clyde:

In some ways it was easy to romanticize Bonnie and Clyde. They were a young couple in love who were out on the open road, running from the "big, bad law" who were "out to get them." Clyde's impressive driving skill got the gang out of many close calls, while Bonnie's poetry won the hearts of many. Although Bonnie and Clyde had killed people, they were equally known for kidnapping policemen who had caught up to them and then driving them around for hours only to release them, unharmed, hundreds of miles away. The two seemed like they were on an adventure, having fun while easily side-stepping the law.

As with any image, the truth behind Bonnie and Clyde was far from their portrayal in the newspapers. Bonnie and Clyde were responsible for 13 murders, some of whom were innocent people, killed during one of Clyde's many bungled robberies. Bonnie and Clyde lived out of their car, stealing new cars as often as possible, and lived off the money they stole from small grocery stores and gas stations. Sometimes Bonnie and Clyde would rob a bank, but they never managed to walk away with very much money. Bonnie and Clyde were desperate criminals, constantly fearing what they were sure was to come -- dying in a hail of bullets from a police ambush.

Background of Bonnie

Bonnie Parker was born on October 1, 1910 in Rowena, Texas as the second of three children to Henry and Emma Parker. The family lived somewhat comfortably off Henry Parker's job as a bricklayer, but when he died unexpectedly in 1914, Emma Parker moved the family in with her mother in the small town of Cement City, Texas (now part of Dallas).

From all accounts, Bonnie Parker was beautiful. She stood 4' 11" and weighed a mere 90 pounds. She did well in school and loved to write poetry. (Two poems that she wrote while on the run helped make her famous.) Bored with her average life, Bonnie dropped out of school at age 16 and married Roy Thornton. The marriage wasn't a happy one and Roy began to spend a lot of time away from home by 1927. Two years later, Roy was caught for robbery and sentenced to five years in prison. They never divorced.

While Roy was away, Bonnie worked as a waitress; however, she was out of a job just as the Great Depression was really getting started at the end of 1929.

Background of Clyde

Clyde Barrow was born on March 24, 1909 in Telico, Texas as the sixth of eight children to Henry and Cummie Barrow. Clyde's parents were tenant farmers, often not making enough money to feed their children. During the rough times, Clyde was frequently sent to live with other relatives. When Clyde was 12-years old, his parents gave up tenant farming and moved to West Dallas where Henry opened up a gas station.

At that time, West Dallas was a very rough neighborhood and Clyde fit right in. Clyde and his older brother, Marvin Ivan "Buck" Barrow, were often in trouble with the law for they were frequently stealing things like turkeys and cars. Clyde stood 5' 7" and weighed about 130 pounds. He had two serious girlfriends (Anne and Gladys) before he met Bonnie, but he never married.

Bonnie and Clyde Meet

In January 1930, Bonnie and Clyde met at a mutual friend's house. The attraction was instantaneous. A few weeks after they met, Clyde was sentenced to two years in prison for past crimes. Bonnie was devastated at his arrest. On March 11, 1930, Clyde escaped from jail, using the gun Bonnie had smuggled in to him. A week later he was recaptured and was then to serve a 14-year sentence in the notoriously brutal Eastham Prison Farm near Weldon, Texas.

On April 21, 1930, Clyde arrived at Eastham. Life was unbearable there for him and he became desperate to get out. Hoping that if he was physically incapacitated he might get transferred off of the Eastham farm, he asked a fellow prisoner to chop off some of his toes with an axe. Although the missing two toes did not get him transferred, Clyde was granted an early parole. After Clyde was released from Eastham on February 2, 1932 on crutches, he vowed that he would rather die than ever go back to that horrible place.

Bonnie Becomes a Criminal Too

The easiest way to stay out of Eastham would have been to live a life on the "straight and narrow" (i.e. without crime). However, Clyde was released from prison during the Great Depression, when jobs were not easy to come by. Plus, Clyde had little experience holding down a real job. Not surprisingly, as soon as Clyde's foot had healed, he was once again robbing and stealing.

On one of Clyde's first robberies after he was released, Bonnie went with him. The plan was for the Barrow Gang to rob a hardware store. (The members of the Barrow Gang changed often, but at different times included Bonnie and Clyde, Ray Hamilton, W.D. Jones, Buck Barrow, Blanche Barrow, and Henry Methvin.) Although she stayed in the car during the robbery, Bonnie was captured and put in the Kaufman, Texas jail. She was later released for lack of evidence.

While Bonnie was in jail, Clyde and Raymond Hamilton staged another robbery at the end of April 1932. It was supposed to be an easy and quick robbery of a general store, but something went wrong and the store's owner, John Bucher, was shot and killed.

Bonnie now had a decision to make -- would she stay with Clyde and live a life with him on the run or would she leave him and start fresh? Bonnie knew that Clyde had vowed never to go back to prison. She knew that to stay with Clyde meant death to them both very soon. Yet, even with this knowledge, Bonnie decided that she could not leave Clyde and was to remain loyal to him to the end.

 

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Website #1 Crime of 1930's

Website #1 Crime of 1930's | Crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it
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Crimes of the 1930’s
Presentation Transcript
1. By : Cindy Garrido Period 3 April 30,2009
2. Al Capone  Bonnie and Clyde  John Dillinger  “Baby Face” Nelson  “Pretty Boy” Floyd 
3. Murder Incorporated Assassin.  (also called “enforcers”)  Enforcers were mostly Jewish or Italian.  Many murder cases remain unsolved to this day.  Their job were to get rid of informants, witnesses, and or mobsters who tried to steal money from other mobs.  These people were paid from $1000.00 to $5000.00 for every job completed.
4. Bootlegging During The Great  Depression: 1919- 1933 ,the 18th Amendment stated that it was illegal to manufacture, sell, or transport alcohol. Many people saw this as an opportunity to make some money
5. The Lindbergh Kidnapping made news big time during the 1930’s when 20 o month old infant Charles Agustus Lindbergh Jr. was kidnapped from his home on March 21, 1932. The ransom note asked for $25,000.00 in 20 dollar bills, $15,000.00 in 10 o dollar bills, and $10,000 in 5 dollar bills. A little over 2 months the body was found about 5 miles from his house. o Bruno Haupthass was suspected for his kidnapping. o He was arrested in Bronx, New York; was found guilty and was finally o executed in 1936.
6. The Great Depression  brought many people down, leaving many broke and without jobs.  People turned to robbing to get what they wanted or needed.  The “hotspot” to go and rob were banks.  Bonnie and Clyde, The Barker- Karpis Gang, John Dillinger, “Baby Face” Nelson, and “Pretty Boy” Floyd took the risk of getting caught by the FBI to satisfy their needs.
7. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow  were one of the most famous criminals around in the 1930’s. Leaving their trail everywhere; from robbing banks to killing policeman to breaking people out of jail. They both belonged to the “Barrow Gang”. They were both finally caught and killed. Bonnie at the age of 23, and Clyde at the age of 24. Both buried in Texas. “Someday they’ll go down together They’ll bury them side by side To few it’ll be grief To the law a relief But it’s death for Bonnie and Clyde”
8. Answerpoint.com April 27,2009 Associatedcontent.com April 27,2009 Google.com April 28,2009 Yahoo.com April 28,2009 Wikipedia.com April 30,2009

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