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The highly productive habits of Alan Turing

The highly productive habits of Alan Turing | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Turing's genius played a key role in helping the Allies win the Battle of the Atlantic—a naval blockade against the Third Reich that depended for success on the cracking and re-cracking of Germany's Enigma cipher. That single espionage victory gave the United States control of the Atlantic shipping lanes, eventually setting the stage for the 1944 invasion of Normandy.

But even before this history-changing achievement, Turing laid the groundwork for the world we live in today by positing a "universal computing machine" in 1936. "It is possible to invent a single machine which can be used to compute any computable sequence," he contended.

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Turing Tests in Creativity | Neukom Institute Turing Tests in Creativity

Turing Tests in Creativity | Neukom Institute Turing Tests in Creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

The Neukom Institute for Computational Science at Dartmouth College is pleased to announce the first annual Neukom Institute Prizes in Computational Arts. These competitions aim to inspire innovations in computational methods that generate artistic products, such as literary, musical, and visual art.

Neukom Institute will run three different competitions in 2016: DigiLit for short stories, PoetiX for sonnets, and AlgoRhythms for dance music DJ sets. All entries will be in the form of computer code that generates novel works in one of these three creative modes.

Competition Deadline: March 15, 2016. Judges will be announced in September - sign up for our newsletter below to stay tuned.

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The Physiognomics of Creativity

The Physiognomics of Creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

The term ‘physiognomic’ was used by the psychologist Heinz Werner to describe the perceived dynamic and expressive qualities of objects, which could not be accounted for by merely attending to an object’s objective form. An exploration of these qualities and their role in psychological processes is sorely missing in contemporary psychology with its focus on the more or less accurate cognition of a world seen to be ‘out there’. In this paper, I use the notion of physiognomic to explore the phenomena of creativity, which is here understood as the making of novel linkages, combinations and syntheses across different domains of experience. It is argued that physiognomic perception creates a platform on which creativity becomes possible at both micro- and onto-genetic levels. Creative insight often occurs when we let our minds move to more ‘primitive’ levels of consciousness, such as daydreaming, the dim
consciousness before sleep and pretend play, etc., where physiognomic qualities come to the fore.
Through a number of illustrative examples, I demonstrate how physiognomic qualities enable us to make surprising linkages in our experience and thereby learn to see the world anew.

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Benefits of Walking: Why The Greatest Minds Take Long Walks

Benefits of Walking: Why The Greatest Minds Take Long Walks | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
People want to achieve success in life, but it often seems out of reach. According to history's greats, all you just need to take the first step.
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Developing Creative Thinking with Popular Psychology Books | The Creative Mind

Developing Creative Thinking with Popular Psychology Books | The Creative Mind | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
A number of stimulating, even provocative, books in psychology can provide insights into developing creative thinking.
Here are a few examples.
In her NY Times article The Power of Concentration, Maria Konnikova reports on a University of Washington s...
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Shades of Sensitivity

Shades of Sensitivity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Many famous artists, musicians, humanitarians and scientists were exquisitely sensitive to their environments, and used their experiences as grist for the mill of their extraordinary creativity and compassion.
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Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents

Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Invention has been commonly conceptualized as a search over a space of combinatorial possibilities. Despite the existence of a rich literature, spanning a variety of disciplines, elaborating on the recombinant nature of invention, we lack a formal and quantitative characterization of the combinatorial process underpinning inventive activity. Here, we use US patent records dating from 1790 to 2010 to formally characterize invention as a combinatorial process. To do this, we treat patented inventions as carriers of technologies and avail ourselves of the elaborate system of technology codes used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to classify the technologies responsible for an invention's novelty. We find that the combinatorial inventive process exhibits an invariant rate of ‘exploitation’ (refinements of existing combinations of technologies) and ‘exploration’ (the development of new technological combinations). This combinatorial dynamic contrasts sharply with the creation of new technological capabilities—the building blocks to be combined—that has significantly slowed down. We also find that, notwithstanding the very reduced rate at which new technologies are introduced, the generation of novel technological combinations engenders a practically infinite space of technological configurations.

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Beyond Big and Little: The Four C Model of Creativity - James C. Kaufman&Ronald A. Beghetto

Most investigations of creativity tend to take one of two directions: everyday creativity (also called “little-c”), which can be found in nearly all people, and eminent creativity (also called “Big-C”), which is reserved for the great. In this paper, the authors propose a Four C model of creativity that expands this dichotomy. Specifically, the authors add the idea of “mini-c,” creativity inherent in the learning process, and Pro-c, the developmental and effortful progression beyond little-c that represents professional-level expertise in any creative area. The authors include different transitions and gradations of these four dimensions of creativity, and then discuss advantages and examples of the Four C Model.

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Creativity in Mathematics: Inquiry-Based Learning and the Moore Method - YouTube

Creativity in Mathematics: Inquiry-Based Learning and the Moore Method explores the world of Inquiry-Based Learning and seeks to identify the reasons behind its celebrated success. More than twenty-five influential teachers, top researchers, inventors, and leaders of industry attest to the life changing rewards that began for them in a classroom taught by IBL and the Moore Method.

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Compendium of Creative Problem Solving Methods

Compendium of Creative Problem Solving Methods | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
This is a project I’ve been working on for quite a while… Every time I come across a new creative problem solving (CPS) method, I map it out with the rest of my collection. I’ve adapted the standard CPS process for use at Idea Sandbox.

Via Zigmas Bigelis
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Zigmas Bigelis's curator insight, January 23, 4:18 AM

Short visualized categorization of problem solving methods

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The Lovelace 2.0 Test of Artificial Creativity and Intelligence

Observing that the creation of certain types of artistic artifacts necessitate intelligence, we present the Lovelace 2.0 Test of creativity as an alternative to the Turing Test as a means of determining whether an agent is intelligent. The Lovelace 2.0 Test builds off prior tests of creativity and additionally provides a means of directly comparing the relative intelligence of different agents.

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How We Can Improve Our Decisions

How We Can Improve Our Decisions | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Better decisions are a function of two things that sometimes conflict: making fewer mistakes and having better insights.
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The Art of Computational Creativity

The Art of Computational Creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
An edited transcript of a panel discussion on 'Computational Creativity and the Arts' from the Fifth International Conference on Computational Creativity serves as the prompt to a discussion of meta-level issues in the field of computational creativity.
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Throwing Off the Wet Blanket

Throwing Off the Wet Blanket | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

You spend years writing stories as quickly as your fingers can fly across the keyboard, thrilled with the ideas, the characters, the dialogue, the action, EVEYTHING.  Every stolen moment is spent adding to the word count, and those stolen moments are absolutely necessary because the story is always right there at the edge of your thoughts.  It’s ready.  You’re ready.  It’s all flow.  You are the ruler of all story!

Then you learn a New Thing—possibly the most wonderful and accurate and encouraging New Thing any writer could dream of—and yet your stories grind to a halt.  Words that once spilled effortlessly onto the page become painful little treasures to be counted one at a time as they are pushed through the keyboard.  Days that used to yield thousands of fantastic, reader-believed words might now give you a few hundred painfully-awkward words that’ll need much revising.  Stories that used to seem so natural and alive and perfect now sound stilted and dull and derivative.  Everything is wrong.

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Links between Arts, Learning, and Neuroscience Examined in New NEA Report | NEA

Links between Arts, Learning, and Neuroscience Examined in New NEA Report | NEA | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

What are the links between brain function and creativity? How can this knowledge affect the way we learn, work, and thrive? More than a dozen experts, including neurologists, artists, and cognitive psychologists, consider these and other questions in a new report from the National Endowment for the Arts titled How Creativity Works in the Brain. The report stems from a July 2014 research workshop co-sponsored by the NEA and the Santa Fe Institute, an independent, nonprofit research and education center. The report follows other NEA initiatives at the intersection of the arts, health, and science, including the NEA/Walter Reed Healing Arts Partnership.

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Stanford study finds walking improves creativity

Stanford study finds walking improves creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Stanford researchers found that walking boosts creative inspiration. They examined creativity levels of people while they walked versus while they sat. A person's creative output increased by an average of 60 percent when walking.
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How is Creativity Differentially Related to Schizophrenia and Autism?

How is Creativity Differentially Related to Schizophrenia and Autism? | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Autism and schizophrenia are related to different forms of creativity.
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International Center for Studies in Creativity: CREATIVE CONVERGENCE: MAKING SPACE FOR WELLNESS

International Center for Studies in Creativity: CREATIVE CONVERGENCE: MAKING SPACE FOR WELLNESS | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Have you ever hit one of those points in your life when you’re ready to move in a healthier direction?  Whether its getting better sleep, moving more throughout the day or walking away from junk food, the realization dawns that now is the time.  New Years’ resolutions come to mind.  Well, not long ago I reached that point … and what I learned on my journey towards wellness reflected many of the critical tenets of creativity.

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When Do You Trust a Creative Genius' Extreme Creativity?

When Do You Trust a Creative Genius' Extreme Creativity? | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
“At what point do you trust a creative genius who comes in as your new boss?” That was a fantastic, completely new question at a recent creative thinking workshop. And do I have an answer for it!
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33 Brainstorming Tips, in 140 characters or less

Brainstorm creative ideas with these 33 tips, each summarized in 140 characters or less. For sources used in this design, check out the complete blog post at: …
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Demystifying the muse: 5 creativity myths you need to stop believing

Demystifying the muse: 5 creativity myths you need to stop believing | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
There’s a letter from an 1815 issue of General Music Journal where Mozart describes his creative process as instantaneous: no struggle or writer’s block. The muse simply showed up and he was ready. The problem? The letter is a fraud. Much like […]
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Simulating Creativity from a Systems Perspective

Simulating Creativity from a Systems Perspective | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Psychological research on human creativity focuses primarily on individual creative performance. Assessing creative performance is, however, also a matter of expert evaluation. Few psychological studies model this aspect explicitly as a human process, let alone measure creativity longitudinally. An agent-based model was built to explore the effects contextual factors such as evaluation and temporality have on creativity. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's systems perspective of creativity is used as the model's framework, and stylized facts from the domain of creativity research in psychology provide the model's contents. Theoretical experimentation with the model indicated evaluators and their selection criteria play a bearing role in constructing human creativity. This insight has major implications for designing future creativity research in psychology.

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To Be More Creative, Cheer Up - Issue 20: Creativity - Nautilus

To Be More Creative, Cheer Up - Issue 20: Creativity - Nautilus | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
I pour a cup of coffee, sharpen my pencil, and get ready to create. I’ve dusted off a half-conceived novel outline I abandoned three…
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The Messy Minds of Creative People | Beautiful Minds, Scientific American Blog Network

The Messy Minds of Creative People | Beautiful Minds, Scientific American Blog Network | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Creativity is very messy.

According to one prominent theory, the creative process involves four stages:  preparation, incubation, illumination, and verification. This is all well in good in theory

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Proceedings | ICCC 2014

Proceedings | ICCC 2014 | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Fifth International Conference on Computational Creativity

Ljubljana, Slovenia, 9th – 13th June 2014

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Why Most Writing Tips Are Useless (and How to Really Up Your Game)

Why Most Writing Tips Are Useless (and How to Really Up Your Game) | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

You’re impatient to become a better writer.

So naturally you love writing tips.

You eagerly devour each new one, hoping to give your writing brain a small but valuable upgrade.

But in practice, new tips appear so regularly that you struggle to keep up.

You don’t know which tips to try and which to ignore, and each new practice is quickly replaced by the next.

One week you’re trying to use more emotion in your writing. The next, fewer adjectives. After that, it’s all about empathy.

You end up switching tactics so often that you can’t tell which tips are working and which are simply wasting your time.

Surely there’s an answer? A solution must exist that lies somewhere between trying everything and ignoring everything.

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