Creativity - Problem Solving
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Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (/ˈmiːhaɪ ˌtʃiːksɛntməˈhaɪ.iː/ MEE-hy CHEEK-sent-mə-HY-ee; Hungarian: Csíkszentmihályi Mihály [ˈtʃiːksɛntmihaːji ˈmihaːj]; born September 29, 1934, in Fiume, Italy – now Rijeka, Croatia) is a Hungarian psychology professor, who emigrated to the United States at the age of 22. Now at Claremont Graduate University, he is the former head of the department of psychology at the University of Chicago and of the department of sociology and anthropology at Lake Forest College.

He is noted for his work in the study of happiness and creativity, but is best known as the architect of the notion of flow and for his years of research and writing on the topic. He is the author of many books and over 120 articles or book chapters. Martin Seligman, former president of the American Psychological Association, described Csikszentmihalyi as the world's leading researcher on positive psychology.[1] Csikszentmihalyi once said "Repression is not the way to virtue. When people restrain themselves out of fear, their lives are by necessity diminished. Only through freely chosen discipline can life be enjoyed and still kept within the bounds of reason."[2] His works are influential and are widely cited.

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He coined the concept of "flow" in the creativity field

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Procrastination As A Virtue For Creativity, Why It's False

Procrastination As A Virtue For Creativity, Why It's False | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
A recent Op-Ed in the New York Times outlined how procrastination is a virtue for creativity. The problem is the essay wasn’t about procrastination at all.
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A computational intuition pump to examine group creativity: building on the ideas of others

A computational intuition pump to examine group creativity: building on the ideas of others | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
This paper presents a computational approach to modelling group creativity. It presents an analysis of two studies of group creativity selected from different research cultures and identifies a common theme ("idea build-up") that is then used in the formalisation of an agent-based model used to support reasoning about the complex dynamics of building on the ideas of others.
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Machines are becoming more creative than humans

Machines are becoming more creative than humans | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Can machines be creative? Recent successes in AI have shown that machines can now perform at human levels in many tasks that, just a few years ago, were considered to be decades away, like driving cars, understanding spoken language, and recognizing objects. But these are all tasks where we know what needs to be done, and the machine is just imitating us. What about tasks where the right answers are not known? Can machines be programmed to find solutions on their own, and perhaps even come up with creative solutions that humans would find difficult?
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Human Creativity, Evolutionary Algorithms, and Predictive Representations: The Mechanics of Thought

Human Creativity, Evolutionary Algorithms, and Predictive Representations: The Mechanics of Thought | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Despite a surge of papers in recent years, the neuroscience of creativity finds itself in a theoretical void that has perhaps no equal in psychology. A recent, comprehensive review concluded that “not a single currently circulating notion on the possible neural mechanisms underlying creative thinking survives close scrutiny”.
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How messy problems can inspire creativity

How messy problems can inspire creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Challenges and problems can derail your creative process ... or they can make you more creative than ever. In the surprising story behind the best-selling solo piano album of all time, Tim Harford may just convince you of the advantages of having to work with a little mess.

Via Complexity Digest
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Complexity Digest's curator insight, January 13, 12:06 PM

"Just because you don't like it, it does not mean that it is not helpful"

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Turing Tests in Creativity | Neukom Institute Turing Tests in Creativity

Turing Tests in Creativity | Neukom Institute Turing Tests in Creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

The Neukom Institute for Computational Science at Dartmouth College is pleased to announce the first annual Neukom Institute Prizes in Computational Arts. These competitions aim to inspire innovations in computational methods that generate artistic products, such as literary, musical, and visual art.

Neukom Institute will run three different competitions in 2016: DigiLit for short stories, PoetiX for sonnets, and AlgoRhythms for dance music DJ sets. All entries will be in the form of computer code that generates novel works in one of these three creative modes.

Competition Deadline: March 15, 2016. Judges will be announced in September - sign up for our newsletter below to stay tuned.

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The Physiognomics of Creativity

The Physiognomics of Creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

The term ‘physiognomic’ was used by the psychologist Heinz Werner to describe the perceived dynamic and expressive qualities of objects, which could not be accounted for by merely attending to an object’s objective form. An exploration of these qualities and their role in psychological processes is sorely missing in contemporary psychology with its focus on the more or less accurate cognition of a world seen to be ‘out there’. In this paper, I use the notion of physiognomic to explore the phenomena of creativity, which is here understood as the making of novel linkages, combinations and syntheses across different domains of experience. It is argued that physiognomic perception creates a platform on which creativity becomes possible at both micro- and onto-genetic levels. Creative insight often occurs when we let our minds move to more ‘primitive’ levels of consciousness, such as daydreaming, the dim
consciousness before sleep and pretend play, etc., where physiognomic qualities come to the fore.
Through a number of illustrative examples, I demonstrate how physiognomic qualities enable us to make surprising linkages in our experience and thereby learn to see the world anew.

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Benefits of Walking: Why The Greatest Minds Take Long Walks

Benefits of Walking: Why The Greatest Minds Take Long Walks | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
People want to achieve success in life, but it often seems out of reach. According to history's greats, all you just need to take the first step.
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Developing Creative Thinking with Popular Psychology Books | The Creative Mind

Developing Creative Thinking with Popular Psychology Books | The Creative Mind | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
A number of stimulating, even provocative, books in psychology can provide insights into developing creative thinking.
Here are a few examples.
In her NY Times article The Power of Concentration, Maria Konnikova reports on a University of Washington s...
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Shades of Sensitivity

Shades of Sensitivity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Many famous artists, musicians, humanitarians and scientists were exquisitely sensitive to their environments, and used their experiences as grist for the mill of their extraordinary creativity and compassion.
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Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents

Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Invention has been commonly conceptualized as a search over a space of combinatorial possibilities. Despite the existence of a rich literature, spanning a variety of disciplines, elaborating on the recombinant nature of invention, we lack a formal and quantitative characterization of the combinatorial process underpinning inventive activity. Here, we use US patent records dating from 1790 to 2010 to formally characterize invention as a combinatorial process. To do this, we treat patented inventions as carriers of technologies and avail ourselves of the elaborate system of technology codes used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to classify the technologies responsible for an invention's novelty. We find that the combinatorial inventive process exhibits an invariant rate of ‘exploitation’ (refinements of existing combinations of technologies) and ‘exploration’ (the development of new technological combinations). This combinatorial dynamic contrasts sharply with the creation of new technological capabilities—the building blocks to be combined—that has significantly slowed down. We also find that, notwithstanding the very reduced rate at which new technologies are introduced, the generation of novel technological combinations engenders a practically infinite space of technological configurations.

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Beyond Big and Little: The Four C Model of Creativity - James C. Kaufman&Ronald A. Beghetto

Most investigations of creativity tend to take one of two directions: everyday creativity (also called “little-c”), which can be found in nearly all people, and eminent creativity (also called “Big-C”), which is reserved for the great. In this paper, the authors propose a Four C model of creativity that expands this dichotomy. Specifically, the authors add the idea of “mini-c,” creativity inherent in the learning process, and Pro-c, the developmental and effortful progression beyond little-c that represents professional-level expertise in any creative area. The authors include different transitions and gradations of these four dimensions of creativity, and then discuss advantages and examples of the Four C Model.

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Creativity in Mathematics: Inquiry-Based Learning and the Moore Method - YouTube

Creativity in Mathematics: Inquiry-Based Learning and the Moore Method explores the world of Inquiry-Based Learning and seeks to identify the reasons behind its celebrated success. More than twenty-five influential teachers, top researchers, inventors, and leaders of industry attest to the life changing rewards that began for them in a classroom taught by IBL and the Moore Method.

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Domain Specificity of Creativity: Theory, Research, and Practice

Domain Specificity of Creativity: Theory, Research, and Practice | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Creativity has commonly been thought of either as a set of domain- general skills that can be applied broadly like a special kind of intelligence or as a general personality trait that colors a person’s approach to any kind of task or problem, but these ways of thinking about creativity are misleading. A better metaphor for creativity than either intelligence or a personality trait is expertise.
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Research backs up the instinct that walking improves creativity

Research backs up the instinct that walking improves creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

For centuries, great thinkers have instinctively stepped out the door and begun walking, or at the very least pacing, when they needed to boost creativity. Charles Dickens routinely walked for 30 miles a day, while the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche declared, “All truly great thoughts are conceived while walking.” But in recent years, as lives have become increasingly sedentary, the idea has been put to the test. The precise physiology is unknown, but professors and therapists are turning what was once an unquestioned instinct into a certainty: Walking influences our thinking, and somehow improves creativity.

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How Creative Mindfulness is a Super Power

How Creative Mindfulness is a Super Power | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
In my quest to understand what works and what doesn’t for my and others’ creative work flow, I’ve come up with a metaphor for the mind. And how to use these findings as a creativity and productivity superpower.
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Domain Specificity and the Limits of Creativity Theory

Domain Specificity and the Limits of Creativity Theory | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
There is a large and growing body of evidence that argues for the domain specificity of creativity. This has serious implications for creativity assessment, research, theory, and training.
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John Cage: How To Get Started (2010) — Monoskop Log

John Cage: How To Get Started (2010) — Monoskop Log | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

“John Cage’s first and only performance of How to Get Started on 31 Aug 1989 was conceived of almost as an afterthought–a performance substituting for another that had been previously planned. In his performance, delivered at a sound design conference in Nicasio, California, Cage talks about the difficulty of initiating the creative process, and about improvisation, a subject about which he had long been deeply ambivalent. He proposes a collaborative framework in which sound engineers capture and subsequently layer his extemporized monologue, which consisted of ten brief commentaries on topics then of interest. This amounted to an experiment having to do with thinking in public before a live audience.”

The publication also features commentaries by Laura Kuhn, Aaron Levy and Arthur J. Sabatini.

Publisher Slought Books, Philadelphia, and John Cage Trust, 2010
ISBN 0981540961, 9780981540962
19 pages

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Links between Arts, Learning, and Neuroscience Examined in New NEA Report | NEA

Links between Arts, Learning, and Neuroscience Examined in New NEA Report | NEA | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

What are the links between brain function and creativity? How can this knowledge affect the way we learn, work, and thrive? More than a dozen experts, including neurologists, artists, and cognitive psychologists, consider these and other questions in a new report from the National Endowment for the Arts titled How Creativity Works in the Brain. The report stems from a July 2014 research workshop co-sponsored by the NEA and the Santa Fe Institute, an independent, nonprofit research and education center. The report follows other NEA initiatives at the intersection of the arts, health, and science, including the NEA/Walter Reed Healing Arts Partnership.

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Stanford study finds walking improves creativity

Stanford study finds walking improves creativity | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Stanford researchers found that walking boosts creative inspiration. They examined creativity levels of people while they walked versus while they sat. A person's creative output increased by an average of 60 percent when walking.
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How is Creativity Differentially Related to Schizophrenia and Autism?

How is Creativity Differentially Related to Schizophrenia and Autism? | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
Autism and schizophrenia are related to different forms of creativity.
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International Center for Studies in Creativity: CREATIVE CONVERGENCE: MAKING SPACE FOR WELLNESS

International Center for Studies in Creativity: CREATIVE CONVERGENCE: MAKING SPACE FOR WELLNESS | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it

Have you ever hit one of those points in your life when you’re ready to move in a healthier direction?  Whether its getting better sleep, moving more throughout the day or walking away from junk food, the realization dawns that now is the time.  New Years’ resolutions come to mind.  Well, not long ago I reached that point … and what I learned on my journey towards wellness reflected many of the critical tenets of creativity.

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When Do You Trust a Creative Genius' Extreme Creativity?

When Do You Trust a Creative Genius' Extreme Creativity? | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
“At what point do you trust a creative genius who comes in as your new boss?” That was a fantastic, completely new question at a recent creative thinking workshop. And do I have an answer for it!
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33 Brainstorming Tips, in 140 characters or less

Brainstorm creative ideas with these 33 tips, each summarized in 140 characters or less. For sources used in this design, check out the complete blog post at: …
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Demystifying the muse: 5 creativity myths you need to stop believing

Demystifying the muse: 5 creativity myths you need to stop believing | Creativity - Problem Solving | Scoop.it
There’s a letter from an 1815 issue of General Music Journal where Mozart describes his creative process as instantaneous: no struggle or writer’s block. The muse simply showed up and he was ready. The problem? The letter is a fraud. Much like […]
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