The monkey ladder cognitive test (credit: Adam Hampshire et al./Western University) After conducting the largest online intelligence study on record, with
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A few years ago, Starner's team built gloves that could teach people to play piano melodies in less than an hour, by sending motor vibrations through their hands. His new team just finished a study that proved they could do the same thing with Braille.
But this time around, something even more important happened. Researchers were surprised to discover that people could not only type Braille through passive haptic learning, but that they could actually read the Braille phrases afterward. (Note that these aren't people who'd been exposed to Braille in the past.) And it wasn't just their fingers that learned the phrases, some kind of muscle memory--it was also their brains.
Graded lesson observations have no impact on the quality of teaching and learning in colleges, according to a survey of lecturers.
A year-long research project into the widely-used practice found that most lecturers do not believe a “snapshot” classroom observation of a teacher is a valid or reliable way to judge their ability.
Researcher Dr Matt O’Leary of the University of Wolverhampton surveyed almost 4,000 members of the University and College Union (UCU) as part of the largest ever account of lesson observation in colleges.
His research found many lecturers saw them as a source of stress, and also reported they were used as a disciplinary measure linked to capability procedures. In fact, almost 90 per cent of respondents agreed that unannounced observations would lead to increased levels of stress and anxiety among staff.
Clive Hilton's insight:
There have been dramatic headlines about 3D technology, encompassing ideas to use 3D printers to make clothes, food, firearms and the parts of a house.
It's also making an impact on education, with plans to put 3D printers into schools in the United Kingdom and the United States.
These technologies hold massive potential for young people both in and out of school.
Schools are getting interested in this "rapid prototyping" technology. But there are still the usual barriers - access, funding, teacher awareness and confidence.
However, many learners are getting 3D design whether or not their schools are ready.
It was a revolution moving higher education from bricks to clicks… and now it's started to go back to bricks again.
Online university providers, which offered people the chance to study from home, are turning full circle by creating a network of learning centres where students can meet and study together.
Instead of demolishing the dusty old classrooms of academia, the online university revolution is responsible for opening some new ones.
Coursera, a major California-based provider of online courses, is creating an international network of "learning hubs", where students can follow these virtual courses in real-life, bricks and mortar settings.
And there are thousands of meet-ups in cafes and libraries where students get together to talk about their online courses.
When analytic thought, the knife, is applied to experience, something is always killed in the process. That is fairly well understood, at least in the arts... Something is always killed. But what is less noticed in the arts—something is always created too.-Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the art of Motorcycle Maintenance I teach design process to people with very little experience in design, at a thing we call the Design Gym. The response from our attendees is always very positive.
At Harvard, more people have signed up for Moocs in a single year than have attended the university in its entire 377-year history. That's a great success story in opening up education, but what do you do with all those hungry minds?
Enter the Spoc. And the clue is in the "small, private" part of the name. These courses are still free and delivered through the internet, but access is restricted to much smaller numbers, tens or hundreds, rather than tens of thousands.
It means a selection process for applicants and the capacity for a more customised experience. Looking further down the track, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine fees and course credits.
Harvard and University of California, Berkeley, part of the edX online alliance with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, are among the universities beginning to experiment with this more refined model.
A new report calls for China to be seen as a land of scientific opportunity not a black hole of intellectual theft and cybercrime.
The study is by Nesta, a think tank founded to promote innovation, and it argues that the massive and growing scale of Chinese science means it is simply "too big to ignore"- spending about $500m on research every day and employing a quarter of the world's R&D workforce.
This is my first slide deck designed to share. It reflects a summary and applied practice of some basic lessons learned about data visualization and information
Via Baiba Svenca
Clive Hilton's insight:
Sometimes it's worth just going back to the basics. And this is one of those times. My students - yes you, Team! - take note, please.
The UK's biggest online university project is being launched, with a partnership of more than 20 universities offering free courses.
Students will be able to follow courses on mobile phones as well as computers.
The UK's project, called FutureLearn, will see UK universities entering the global market in so-called Moocs - massive open online courses.
It could "revolutionise conventional models of formal education", says universities minister David Willetts.
The launch of FutureLearn will see 21 UK universities, plus Trinity College Dublin and Monash University in Australia, offering courses that are taught and assessed on the internet.
The UK universities include Birmingham, Sheffield, Leeds, Nottingham, Warwick, Bristol, Reading and Southampton.
The British Library, British Museum and British Council will make material available to students.
The growth in online learning and the challenges it poses for the world's universities?
Clive Hilton's insight:
Universities who have looked so snootily on the internet for quite a long time are now falling over each other to get their courses online. They are struggling to work out the implications of mass audiences.
The impact of really good lectures delivered by really good lecturers will come as no surprise to anyone who has been to one of those crowded live debates in London or New York, or attended a literary festival.
It's apparent that there is a heartfelt need for people to encounter ideas. Older "students" seem hungrier for this intellectual exposure than people in their youthful university phase.
And the top university lecturers find their internet-accessed popularity exhilarating - a new dimension to their teaching experience. Maybe a lucrative one.
The potential of Moocs is very disruptive for conventional universities and for the people who work for them. Many questions are raised.
Are Moocs democratic or super-elitist? Will they empower a few superstar professors while reducing to insignificances those other teachers whose courses attract only a smattering of followers?
Over the last couple of centuries, data visualisation has developed to the point where it is in everyday use across all walks of life. Many recognise it as an effective tool for both storytelling and analysis, overcoming most language and educational barriers. But why is this?
Nearly three hundred years ago Montesquieu wrote in The Spirit of Laws, “Today, there are three different or contradictory types of education out there: that of our parents, that of our teachers, and that of the world. Everything we are taught in the latter undermines everything we are taught in the first two.”
For the sake of the apprentice, I would like the practice of design and its creative potential to play a central role in breathing new life into the master’s purpose. A driving force in the teaching and understanding of all things, the master enables the apprentice to take ownership of the design field’s breadth and the myriad opportunities available therein. The master fosters broader reflection and helps channel context- and reality-based scenarios.
Left-brained or right-brained? Creativity is way more complex than that.
PBS Digital Studios’ series Off Book provides an insightful, in-depth look at how creativity operates, the misconceptions that surround it still, and the artist’s life struggle to always keep pushing forward. We’re not “naturally” creative, there’s a defined process that encourages idea creation, as Off Book shows us.
An inner city primary is at the heart of a research project on how tablet computers may boost children's learning.
The Lambeth school's head teacher, Kate Atkins, says the aim is to help pupils develop a range of learning strategies.
"Poor learners are often over-confident about the power of their memories and can struggle to find alternative strategies.
"We need to encourage them to think about how they learn and to try something else."
Children at the school are encouraged to reflect on every piece of work or unit of learning.They are asked to think about which bits went well, what they struggled with and what they might need to do to improve when they next revisit the subject.
A key part of this is to ask children how they felt about each piece of work, for example many children find conducting a science experiment exciting and fun but hate having to sit down and write it up afterwards, says Ms Atkins.
"An emotional reaction is a key part of the learning process."
The research project aims to test whether the strategy actually improves pupils' attainment.
This is the biggest education provider you've never heard of. Until now.
The Alison project - Advanced Learning Interactive Systems Online - has already signed up more than two million students to more than 500 online courses.
It's adding another 200,000 each month and founder Mike Feerick is confident this expansion could accelerate even more rapidly and reach a billion students towards the end of the decade.
But this ambitious project isn't another Silicon Valley spin-off, fuelled by venture capital and a surfeit of sunshine and flow charts.
This global digital empire is based in a technology park in Galway in the west of Ireland.
What is the DesignLens?
The Biomimicry DesignLens is a collection of diagrams that visually represent the foundations of our design approach. It includes the core components of this approach: Essential Elements, Life’s Principles, and Biomimicry Thinking.Who is the DesignLens for?
Biomimicry and the DesignLens can help you deeply observe the way life works, and provide a framework for using nature’s genius to inform human design.How to use the Design Lens
The DesignLens is intended to complement your biomimicry practice and education. You can browse the materials on our site, or download the Collateral Folder to print the diagrams or use them in presentations.
Traditional exams will die out within a decade in favour of online assessment, predicts a private schools' leader.
Pen and paper exams will be a thing of the past by 2023, David Hanson of the Independent Association of Prep Schools will tell its annual conference.
"Technology will have been completely embraced" by a generation of teachers who grew up with it Mr Hanson will say.
Simon Lebus of the exam board OCR predicted "slow migration to e-assessment in high stake exams".
However he added that "the process will be evolutionary in that different subjects are likely to migrate at different times."
In the late 1930s, an ambitious graduate student named Herbert F. Spitzer asked thousands of Iowa sixth graders to read a short article about bamboo – an article he later described as “highly factual, authentic, of the proper difficulty, and similar in type to the material that children read in their regular school work.”
He divided the students into 10 groups and gave them long multiple-choice quizzes (“What usually happens to a bamboo plant after the flowering period?”) at varying intervals. One group, for example, was quizzed immediately after reading the article, then again the next day, and then a final time three weeks later. Another group was quizzed only once, three weeks after reading the article. The students did not know when they would be quizzed, and they did not keep the article, so they had no chance to study on their own.
The results were striking: On tests three or nine weeks later, students performed far better if they had previously been quizzed within 24 hours after first reading the article. When Mr. Spitzer wrote up his work in the Journal of Educational Psychology in 1939, he made a recommendation that might have made millions of students and their teachers groan: “Immediate recall in the form of a test is an effective method of aiding the retention of learning and should, therefore, be employed more frequently in the elementary school.”