CCSS News Curated by Core2Class
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CCSS News Curated by Core2Class
Helping teachers complement, support and extend curriculum based on the CCSS to improve student learning outcomes for all students.
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Shanahan on Literacy: Why Discussions of Close Reading Sounds Like Nails Scratching on a Chalkboard

Shanahan on Literacy: Why Discussions of Close Reading Sounds Like Nails Scratching on a Chalkboard | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Dr. Shanahan takes a closer look at close reading and shares common misconceptions about its purpose and practice.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Close Reading with Struggling Adolescents

Shanahan on Literacy: Close Reading with Struggling Adolescents | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it
Dr. Shanahan,
I have a question regarding close reading and struggling adolescent readers. What I’ve read about close reading suggests that students should first read the text independently. I’m wondering if this still applies when students are reading significantly below grade level (2-5 years). Is reading the text aloud and modeling thinking (around Key Ideas and Details) during the first read ever appropriate? 
Thanks in advance for your response!
Deb Gardner's insight:

Close reading: an outcome not a teaching strategy.


The goal is for students to be able to closely read complex texts independently and proficiently.





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Tim Shanahan: Teaching Literacy Across the Disciplines vs. teaching Disciplinary Literacy

Tim Shanahan: Teaching Literacy Across the Disciplines vs. teaching  Disciplinary Literacy | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it
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Frances's curator insight, March 4, 2013 12:45 PM

Context and Content Areas

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Twenty Words that Will Make You a More Effective Principal

Twenty Words that Will Make You a More Effective Principal | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

It’s an unwieldy mouthful, but it carries essential information to which all school administrators should pay close attention: The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies and Science, and Technical Subjects.


Why is the title so important? Because it states explicitly that the ELA curriculum is not entirely the province of the English department.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Q & A On All Things Common Core

Shanahan on Literacy: Q & A On All Things Common Core | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Recently, I participated in a webinar for McGraw-Hill about teaching with the common core standards. Participants sent in some questions and I have provided answers to those questions. Thought you might be interested in the wide-ranging conversation. 

Deb Gardner's insight:

The link to Tim Shanahan's webinar can be found here.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Graphic Novels in the Literature Class

Shanahan on Literacy: Graphic Novels in the Literature Class | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

While I get that “graphic novels” come from the comic book, they tend to be more extensive, sophisticated than past comics, and they have their own “visual literacy” demands that can be worth mastering. No, the modern graphic novel cannot be as easily dismissed from the curriculum or classroom as Archie and Jughead.Maus won a Pulitzer Prize for good reason. Finding a role for the graphic novel makes sense.


However...

Deb Gardner's insight:

Takeaway: Graphic novels have a place in the curriculum but not for the purpose of providing an easier read of a difficult text. 

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Education Week: Literacy and the Common Core: Reflecting on the Research

Education Week: Literacy and the Common Core: Reflecting on the Research | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

This afternoon, we had a great practical discussion with International Reading Association President-elect Maureen McLaughlin and University of Chicago literacy and curriculum specialist Timothy Shanahan. The conversation touched on everything from text complexity and English-language learners to comprehension for the youngest students. For those interested in all things common core, check out the archived transcript.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Prereading and ELLs: Let's Take off the Training Wheels

Shanahan on Literacy: Prereading and ELLs: Let's Take off the Training Wheels | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Helpful post here not only for frontloading information for ELLs prior to reading complex texts, but also why multiple reads are important for all students. 

 

In the past, we tended to read a text once in classrooms, so the reading had to be maximally productive. We had to make sure the kids got the information. It wouldn’t be fair otherwise. The premium was on the information and teachers were just making sure that students at least heard the information.

 

In contrast, the idea being stressed these days is that students SHOULD read the text more than once. What you don’t get the first time, you might get the second. Instead of front-loading the first reading, you could try front-loading the second or third—after the kids had a chance to pedal the bike themselves. If they ask a question about what they don’t understand, by all means answer. But don’t always assume that they won’t get it… give them a chance to fall… who knows they might just surprise you.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Too Much of a Good Thing?

Shanahan on Literacy: Too Much of a Good Thing? | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

As teachers begin working and planning with Common Core in mind, there are legitimate questions being raised on how to balance whole group, explicit direct instruction with flexible grouping  in the literacy block.  This is particularly important when thinking about students working with more difficult texts and the amount and type of scaffolding that might be needed.

 

Tim Shanahan offers practical advice based on research and experience.  The research show us two things:

1. The amount of explicit instruction is very important in student learning and that
2. Instruction requires lots of interaction between teachers and students.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Informational Text: Or How Thinly Can You Slice the Salami

Shanahan on Literacy: Informational Text: Or How Thinly Can You Slice the Salami | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Tim Shanahan's new post weighs in on what research states is the best mix of text to foster optimal student learning and the claims may surprise you.

 

He includes practical guidance teachers can use in choosing texts for their own subjects and encourages teachers to co-plan in order to offer a balanced and challenging reading menu that includes just the right "slice".  

 

Salami, yes, but you can hold the bologna! Let's just get down to serving up a hearty meal of challenging reading, rich with informational (not necessarily non-fictional) texts. That is what most students will be expected to read and understand at the next level.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Common Core or Guided Reading

Shanahan on Literacy: Common Core or Guided Reading | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

A very helpful read in which Tim Shanahan contrasts the different approaches to reading with challenging texts: Common Core and Guided Reading (Fountas and Pinnell)

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Shanahan on Literacy: We Zigged When We Should Have Zagged

Shanahan on Literacy: We Zigged When We Should Have Zagged | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Tim Shanahan directly speaks to complaints he's been hearing lately about the omission of reading comprehension strategies in the Common Core.

 

Reading strategies vs. learning outcomes... that's the GIST of it!

 

 

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Shanahan on Literacy: Why Discussions of Close Reading Sounds Like Nails Scratching on a Chalkboard

Shanahan on Literacy: Why Discussions of Close Reading Sounds Like Nails Scratching on a Chalkboard | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Dr. Shanahan takes a closer look at close reading and shares common misconceptions about its purpose and practice.

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Dr. Tim Shanahar: Education Policy and the CCSS (webinar)

Dr. Tim Shanahan's CCSS and Education Policy webinar Feb 27, 2013 2nd webinar in TextProject's CCSS webinar series (http://www.textproject.org/events/common-...
Deb Gardner's insight:

Dr. Shanhan presents on the standards movement, how the Common Core State Standards came about and potential funding issues in the future.

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Shanahan on Literacy: Differentiating for Text Difficulty under Common Core

Shanahan on Literacy: Differentiating for Text Difficulty under Common Core | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Question: I have taught elementary and currently teach middle school language arts. One thing that has been bothersome since I began teaching middle school is a lack of differentiating instruction to students’ needs. I am trying to research best practices and lead an action plan for my school as I work towards my masters. I understand that students are now expected to read at a more difficult and complex text level with CCSS. I can’t imagine handing out a text of the same difficulty level to 30 students and expecting the same results. There still needs to be varying levels of text in a classroom. How would you suggest meeting the varying levels of students in your classroom? How should the lesson delivery look?

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Shanahan on Literacy: Diane Ravitch v. Tim Shanahan: Informational or Literary Text

Shanahan on Literacy: Diane Ravitch v. Tim Shanahan: Informational or Literary Text | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Yesterday, I debated the literature-informational text mix recommended by Common Core with Diane Ravitch on Minnesota Public Radio. Not a bad discussion all in all.


Literature reading is, indeed, valuable, but so is science and history reading. Here is the recording of our Public Radio discussion:

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Educational Leadership:Common Core: Now What?:The Common Core Ate My Baby and Other Urban Legends

Educational Leadership:Common Core: Now What?:The Common Core Ate My Baby and Other Urban Legends | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it
"Urban legends are plausible stories—told as truths—that revolve around the complexities and challenges of modern life. Such legends are usually told as though they happened to someone the teller knows (a friend of a friend), such as the story about the friend's grandmother who dried her poodle in the microwave. (If these tales are meant to be cautionary tales, I've never been sure whether that one was supposed to warn us of the dangers of technology or of grandmothers.) Sociologists haven't managed to pin down exactly how and why these stories get started, but they're clearly spread by word of mouth and there's usually a grain of truth in them (and sometimes, as it turns out in the case of "the dingo ate my baby" story, more than a grain of truth).

It's not surprising, then, that the recent adoption of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) by 46 states and the District of Columbia has given rise to anxieties among educators that have fueled the flames of misperception, confusion, and rumor. I explore some of those legends here in the hope of slowing their spread."
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Education Week: Literacy and the Common Core Webinar with Tim Shanahan

Education Week: Literacy and the Common Core Webinar with Tim Shanahan | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

The Common Core State Standards crystallize new ways of looking at how students read in the digital age. The standards draw on research about the different ways students read narrative and informational text, different types of writing in different disciplines, and the importance of working with texts of varied complexity and difficulty.


However, the common core deliberately leaves out specific instructional strategies to help students meet those standards, and researchers say they will have to hustle to develop best practices for teachers.

 

Our guests—one a researcher on the committee that helped develop the literacy standards, the other leading a group to help teachers implement them—will talk about the research behind the standards, and how to make sense of the changing literacy landscape.

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Dr. Tim Shanahan Talks CCSS Instructional Shifts

Tim Shanahan addresses the topic of Instructional Shifts brought about by the Common Core State Standards in this webinar entitled, "How It's Been and How It Will Be!"

 

"Que sera sera..."

 

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Shanahan on Literacy: Power Standards or Why the Common Core is Like a Second Marriage

Shanahan on Literacy: Power Standards or Why the Common Core is Like a Second Marriage | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

"Recently, I received a note from an educator trying to develop “power standards” for the common core. Power standards is a concept developed by Doug Reeves and Larry Ainsworth. Their idea was that school districts needed to identify the most important curriculum standards – the ones students really needed to learn—and then to prioritize those standards to ensure maximum learning."

 

However, that was then.... and this is now... Read on for our new relationship with the Common Core. It's not that the old one was poor, it's that the Commore Core are different!

 

Tim Shanahan provides this helpful post in understanding Do's and Don'ts when you're just beginning to "date" the standards.  Work confidently that it will be a mutually beneficial and enduring relationship!

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Shanahan on Literacy: Text Difficulty and Adolescents

Shanahan on Literacy: Text Difficulty and Adolescents | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Thanks to Tim Shanahan for his comments on using leveled texts and additional scaffolding for adolescents who are not reading at grade level.  Consider this a must read!

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Shanahan on Literacy: Planning for Close Reading

Shanahan on Literacy: Planning for Close Reading | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Tim Shanahan defines "close reading" and digs into the Common Core Reading Standards (both literature and informational text).  Further, he defines the rationale for re-reading and offers examples in his hyperlinked Google doc slides.

 

Highly recommend taking a look - it's worth the "close" read.

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To Pre-Read or Not: That's the Question Tim Shanahan Speaks To

To Pre-Read or Not: That's the Question Tim Shanahan Speaks To | CCSS News Curated by Core2Class | Scoop.it

Briefer, more strategic and more responsive pre-reads should be the hallmarks of common core reading lessons. Read on for specifics.

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