Continuity and Contiguity
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Continuity and Contiguity
Continuity - Time,

Contiguity - Space,



Here, I am going to demonstrate the do's, don'ts, haves and have-not's of both continuity and contiguity, as well as provide information on how the two terms came to be developed. For example, how are the two related in filming? Why should they be related? And how has it come to be? Would you recognize examples of where they are and aren't effective? Perhaps I can give an idea as to how.
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Continuity - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Continuity - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
Definition of continuity from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and word games.
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines continuity as the time in which something takes place without interruption.

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Part 4: Editing

Part 4: Editing | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

In this film course taught at Yale, the classes shows students that there are different methods with which to edit clips together. For example, when doing transitions, it's not just for cutting out scenes but also for joining shots together. There is also the cheat cut, where in the characters remain in the same spots but the camera angles show different positions relative to the shot.

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The Continuity System--Film Editing

The Continuity System--Film Editing | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

Peter Donaldson describes the Continuity System as a set of rules and techniques that have become central in filming since it was introduced during the era of Classical Hollywood Film. The standards of the system are deisgned for filmmakers to make sure that the editing in their films is unnoticeable, so that the audience can go along with the transitions of the film without question.The rules also helps filmmaers to make sure the time and space of their films flow smoothly together without interuption or losing the focus of the scenes used.

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Liu Kang & Kitana vs Smoke & Extermination Squads HD 1080p

From Mortal Kombat Annihilation. All copyrights belong to their respective owners; I own nothing in this video.
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

When it comes to continuity and contiguity in films, I've found it helps for certain scenes to be transition well especially when whatever action takes place becomes spearated when two or more characters are involved. In thew case of this fight scene, you see Liu Kang fighting the leader of the enemy, while Kitana fights the remaining squad.  This scene demonstrates how even though they are spearated from each other, the teo protagonists are still fighting in the same space and time, even showing Kitana as still fighting the minions as Liu Kang fights the leader.

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Video on the Web: Principles of Continuity Linking and Narrative Flow

Video on the Web: Principles of Continuity Linking and Narrative Flow | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
The emergence of video on the Web finally forces
hypermedia designers to solve the problems of integrating
dynamic information types (audio and video) in multilinear
hypermedia structures.
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

The article mentions how videos on the internet have brought up the possibilities of bringing together different dynamics that are used in films. For example, videos that utilize text and still images in a video cause problems in linking continuity with the subject matter of the video, as such interrupting the link that should be formed.  The four principles of continuity can help to maintain that link. 

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Contiguity - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Contiguity - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
Definition of contiguity from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and word games.
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines contiguity as proximity within a film.

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The Classical Hollywood Cinema

The Classical Hollywood Cinema | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
How films are conceived,planned, and produced leaves a mark upon the films, directly and structurally. The relations between film style and mode of production are, according to the authors, reciprocal and mutually influencing.
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

In the book, David Bordwell, Janet Staiger, and Kristin Thompson explore the style of filmmaking had evolved up to the year 1960. On page 175, it is stated that the original style for filmmaking was 'primitive' during 1894-1908, as the style of film was simple yet unintelligible. The style of film would be one giant scene with say a man writing a document on one side, with a woman doing something else on the other side at the same time, leaving the focus split between the two characters. It wasn't until later during the development of filming technology that filmmakers were able to cut and edit parts of the film to really create a shift in points of interest in their later films.

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Metaphor and film

Metaphor and film | Continuity and Contiguity | Scoop.it
In Metaphor and Film, Trevor Whittock demonstrates that feature films are permeated by metaphors that were consciously introduced by directors.
Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

Whittock seeks to inform readers that in metaphors in film are not always what viewers believe it to be. On page 57, he uses the example of juxtaposition, which is explained as two objects being placed near each other. Whittock explains that the use of juxtaposition for contiguity is not always relative to the metaphor that the director would use in their films. To further prove this, Whittock uses the example of an Eisenstein film of a grave and a woman mourning at the grave. He states that the initial assumption is that the woman is in mourning as a widow, however, it is possible she is mourning her father, brother or other male relative. The positions in which the woman and grave were placed as a means saying one thing, however, the audience will make a connection to something else.

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Resident Evil AfterLife. Chris, Claire & Alice VS Wesker. Fight Scene. HD 1080p.

Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

As mentioned in the fight scene in Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, there will be times in certain films where multiple protagonists will be within the same space, however, their actions will take place separately from each other.  In this particular scene, the director made it a point to show what happens with one protagonist as the two others are dealing with the villain. However, at about 1:23 in the video, it seems that the continuity was briefly ignored as Alice is surrounded by mutated dogs yet no action seems to be taken even as Chris and Claire take on Wesker. This is an example of how continuity is briefly inored as it seems the director meant for actions to be taken at the same time.

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Classical Hollywood Cinema

Brian Word, Jr.'s insight:

Part of what made Classica Hollywood Cinema so famous was Cinematic Time and Space, as well as the editing. When making films between 1917 and 1960, filmmakers sought to create a style of editing that would be able to allow different scenes, supposed to take place at the same time, conincide with each other in a way that made it seem as if, despite transitions, were happening at the same time until the scene shifts. It was this style that allowed continuity and contiguity to truly come in effect.

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