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Workshop on Evolutionary Computation and Multi-Agent System and Simulation Workshop (ECoMASS-2013)

Workshop on Evolutionary Computation and Multi-Agent System and Simulation Workshop (ECoMASS-2013) | Content in Context | Scoop.it
SEVENTH ANNUAL WORKSHOP ON Evolutionary Computation and Multi-Agent Systems and Simulation Workshop (ECoMASS-2013) to be held as part of the 2013 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2013) July 06-10, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Organized...

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Content in Context
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The making of citizen librarian in progress
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The Next Phase of Social Business is the Collaborative Economy says Jeremiah Owyang of Altimeter

The Next Phase of Social Business is the Collaborative Economy says Jeremiah Owyang of Altimeter | Content in Context | Scoop.it
Jesse Soininen's insight:

The roles of economy as we know them now are slowly shifting. Ultimately the power of being co-creator (formerly known as the "customer") will have much lager effect than most of us are willing to anticipate now.

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Catherine Pascal's curator insight, March 2, 10:46 AM

Very interesting . Thanks !

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Systems Thinking and the Future of Cities

Systems Thinking and the Future of Cities | Content in Context | Scoop.it
The idea that nothing exists in isolation−but only as part of a system−has long been embedded in folklore, religious scriptures, and common sense. Yet, systems dynamics as a science has yet to transform the way we conduct the public business. This article first briefly explores the question of why advances in systems theory have failed to transform public policy. The second part describes the ways in which our understanding of systems is growing−not so much from theorizing, but from practical applications in agriculture, building design, and medical science. The third part focuses on whether and how that knowledge and systems science can be deployed to improve urban governance in the face of rapid climate destabilization so that sustainability becomes the norm, not the occasional success story.
Via Erika Harrison, Complexity Digest
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Erika Harrison's curator insight, August 15, 4:49 PM

In Brief

The idea that nothing exists in isolation−but only as part of a system−has long been embedded in folklore, religious scriptures, and common sense. Yet, systems dynamics as a science has yet to transform the way we conduct the public business. This article first briefly explores the question of why advances in systems theory have failed to transform public policy. The second part describes the ways in which our understanding of systems is growing−not so much from theorizing, but from practical applications in agriculture, building design, and medical science. The third part focuses on whether and how that knowledge and systems science can be deployed to improve urban governance in the face of rapid climate destabilization so that sustainability becomes the norm, not the occasional success story.


Key Concepts

Reducing wholes to parts lies at the core of the scientific worldview we inherited from Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, and their modern acolytes in the sciences of economics, efficiency, and management.The decades between 1950 and 1980 were the grand era for systems theory. However despite a great deal of talk about systems, we continue to administer, organize, analyze, manage, and govern complex ecological systems as if they were a collection of isolated parts and not an indissoluble union of energy, water, soils, land, forests, biota, and air.Much of what we have learned about managing real systems began in agriculture. One of the most important lessons being that land is an evolving organism of interrelated parts soils, hydrology, biota, wildlife, plants, animals, and people.The challenge is to transition organized urban complexity built on an industrial model and designed for automobiles, sprawl, and economic growth into coherent, civil, and durable places.A systems perspective to urban governance is a lens by which we might see more clearly through the fog of change, and potentially better manage the complex cause and effect relationships between social and ecological phenomena. The application of systems offers at least six possibilities to improve urban governance.

 

A system is an interconnected set of elements that is coherently organized in a way that achieves something . . . . [it] must consist of three kinds of things: elements, interconnections, and a function or purpose.
—Donella Meadows, Thinking in Systems1

 

A system [is] (a) a set of units or elements interconnected so that changes in some elements or their relations produce changes in other parts of the system, and (b) the entire system exhibits properties and behaviors that are different from those of the parts.
—Robert Jervis, Systems Effects 2

 

One of the most important ideas in modern science is the idea of a system; and it is almost impossible to define.
—Garrett Hardin, The Cybernetics of Competition3

Tobias Beckwith's curator insight, August 16, 10:45 AM

One of the things that gives real wizards their "powers," is the ability to see the world as systems within systems within systems... and then finding the leverage points, where a small action in one part of the system might cause a very large response elsewhere...

 

This post and article discuss that whole idea in a bit more depth. I found it to be a good read.

Gary Bamford's curator insight, Today, 11:08 PM

Non-linear futures.

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Decluttering the company

Decluttering the company | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“ PETER DRUCKER once observed that, “Much of what we call management consists of making it difficult for people to work.” Nine years after the management guru’s...”
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David Green's curator insight, August 8, 7:50 AM

Great article in on the need to declutter work, specifically organisational complexity, meetings and endless email

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How to use TweetDeck for Twitter monitoring

How to use TweetDeck for Twitter monitoring | Content in Context | Scoop.it
Part of your Twitter success is knowing how to listen. In other words, the art of monitoring Twitter activity related to your brand and its reputation, your industry and your target audience.I’m sure that there have been moments when you’re wondering just how people are so fast at replying to comments on Twitter, spotting engagement opportunities and emerging trends? Well, that’s because they use the right tools for it.One of our favorite ones is TweetDeck a platform powered by Twitter, that helps you manage your Twitter account(s) in a more effective way, while giving an overview of all Twitter activity.How to get started
Via Brian Yanish - MarketingHits.com, massimo facchinetti, malek
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Father of PGP encryption: Telcos need to get out of bed with governments | Ars Technica

Father of PGP encryption: Telcos need to get out of bed with governments | Ars Technica | Content in Context | Scoop.it
Phil Zimmermann, the creator of Pretty Good Privacy public-key encryption, has some experience when it comes to the politics of crypto. During the “crypto wars” of the 1990s, Zimmermann fought to convince the US government to stop classifying PGP as a “munition” and shut down the Clipper Chip program—an effort to create a government-mandated encryption processor that would have given the NSA a back door into all encrypted electronic communication.Now Zimmermann and the company he co-founded are working to convince telecommunications companies—mostly overseas—that it’s time to end their nearly century-long cozy relationship with governments.Zimmermann compared telephone companies’ thinking with the long-held belief that tomatoes were toxic until it was demonstrated they weren’t. “For a long time, for a hundred years, phone companies around the world have created a culture around themselves that is very cooperative with governments in invading people’s privacy. And these phone companies tend to think that there’s no other way—that they can’t break from this culture, that the tomatoes are poisonous," he said.Back in 2005, Zimmermann, Alan Johnston, and Jon Callas began work on an encryption protocol for voice over IP (VoIP) phone calls, dubbed ZRTP, as part of his Zfone project. In 2011, ZRTP became an Internet Engineering Task Force RFC, and it has been published as open source under a BSD license. It’s also the basis of the voice service for Silent Circle, the end-to-end encrypted voice service Zimmermann co-founded with former Navy SEAL Mark Janke.Silent Circle, which Ars tested on the Blackphone in June, is a ZRTP-based voice and ephemeral messaging service that generates session-specific keys between users to encrypt from end to end. The call is tunneled over a Transport Layer Security-encrypted connection through Silent Circle’s servers in Canada and Switzerland. ZRTP and the Silent Circle calls don’t rely on PGP or any other public key infrastructure, so there’s no keys to hand over under a FISA order or law enforcement warrant.Now, thanks largely to the revelations of NSA and GCHQ monitoring of telecommunications triggered by documents leaked by Edward Snowden, there’s a growing market demand for call privacy —and telecom companies, especially in Europe, have become more receptive to the idea of giving customers the power to protect their privacy. In February, Dutch telecommunications carrier KPN signed a deal to be the exclusive provider of Silent Circle’s encrypted voice call service in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany. The company started offering Silent Circle services to customers this summer.That move was driven, Zimmermann said, by KPN’s chief information security officer, Jaya Baloo. “She decided she wanted to break ranks from the rest of the phone companies and get KPN to offer their customers privacy,” Zimmermann said. “So for the first time, you see a phone company offer real privacy. My hope is that other phone companies will find the tomatoes are not poisonous.”Click headline to read more--
Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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70 Percent of Internet of Things Devices Are Vulnerable to Hacking, Study Says

70 Percent of Internet of Things Devices Are Vulnerable to Hacking, Study Says | Content in Context | Scoop.it
A new study reveals that many of those 'Internet of Things' devices are at risk of being infiltrated by hackers.
Via Kamal Bennani, Jesús Hernández
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5 New Social-Media Platforms Worth a Look

5 New Social-Media Platforms Worth a Look | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“They don't have big followings, yet, but that is part of their allure. These promising platforms can help you develop an invaluable social media niche.”
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Suvi Salo's curator insight, August 1, 12:28 AM

-Sulia

-Sharebloc

-Pheed

-Bubblews

-Learni.st

 

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The End of the Universe: A Search Between Rising Disorder and Complexity

The End of the Universe: A Search Between Rising Disorder and Complexity | Content in Context | Scoop.it
In a new book, The Beginning and the End: The Meaning of Life in Cosmological Perspective, by philosopher Clement Vidal (@clemvidal), the two main
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Liquid Democracy | Memetic Turn

Liquid Democracy | Memetic Turn | Content in Context | Scoop.it
Politics – this is nowadays equivalent to negotiating of opinions in the parliaments, committees or gremia. Representatives are given the mandate from the voters to represent their interests. Not everyone can be an expert in every field. To foster adequate decisionmaking, lobbyism is integral part of the parliamentary system. First, there are the industry associations and interest groups (the JICs, ethnic organisations, religious and cultural associations etc.) to bring their clients interests to the representatives by providing arguments. Furthermore there are those groups of experts that gather around certain topics, rather loosely connected compared with the industry associations. Those think-tanks are often invited by politicians and are much less transparent regarding statutes or goals compared to the associations.
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Lawrence H. Summers on the future of the global economy: The great challenge will be creating jobs.

Lawrence H. Summers on the future of the global economy: The great challenge will be creating jobs. | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“ The former Treasury secretary says the problem will not be producing enough. It will be providing enough work.”
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subBlue / Tom Beddard - explore mathematical and generative landscapes

subBlue / Tom Beddard - explore mathematical and generative landscapes | Content in Context | Scoop.it
A coder, designer and ex-physicist who likes to explore mathematical and generative landscapes and structures searching for the beauty that can emerge from complexity!An app and graphics developer with an interest in UI, maps, generative graphics, fractals and raytracing.www.subblue.com
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Mike Norman Economics: How the Iron Law of Oligarchy Extends to Peer Production

This is the dilemma facing humanity since the advent of liberalism in the Enlightenment. There is an inherent tension between popular, participatory democracy and efficient organization. The social, political and economic challenge is to work out tradeoffs that enable humanity to recapture the liberty and dignity of Rousseau's noble savage"while also harnessing the advantage of modern organization and management.

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Crowdsourcing in Policy-Making: The Impact of Blended Expertise on Law-Making Process

“ Speaker/Performer: Tanja Aitamurto, Visiting Scholar, Data and Democracy Initiative at UC Berkeley Sponsor: CITRIS (Ctr for Info Technology Research in the I...”
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PauletteP's curator insight, July 14, 6:55 AM

Traffic law reform in Finland as a case study in crowd sourcing policy making

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Humans Need Not Apply #robots

As bots take over the world.
Via Brian Yanish - MarketingHits.com
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Brian Yanish - MarketingHits.com's curator insight, Today, 8:37 AM

Sorry bots, you'll never replace us marketers because we will find a way to market you bots. Google ads for bots or what about bot billboards?

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Too Much Noise

Too Much Noise | Content in Context | Scoop.it

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Defining a Company's DNA

Defining a Company's DNA | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“An evolution of the Business Model Canvas for Growth Companies. The Business Model Canvas is now 4 years old, and it needs an enhancement. When combined with the Lean Startup m...”
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The Black Box Society — Frank Pasquale | Harvard University Press

The Black Box Society — Frank Pasquale | Harvard University Press | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“Every day, corporations are connecting the dots about our personal behavior -- silently scrutinizing clues left behind by our work habits and Internet use. But who connects the dots about what firms are doing with all this information? Frank Pasquale exposes how powerful interests abuse secrecy for profit and explains ways to rein them in.”
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Why the Internet of Things Narrative Has to Change

Why the Internet of Things Narrative Has to Change | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“ It's time to approach the idea of the Internet of Things properly and start avoiding common misconceptions.”
Via Dorian Love
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Dorian Love's curator insight, August 3, 12:04 AM

and why teachers need to sit up and take notice!

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The social origins of intelligence in the brain

The social origins of intelligence in the brain | Content in Context | Scoop.it
By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, researchers have found that brain regions that contribute to optimal social functioning are also vital to general intelligence and emotional intelligence.This finding, reported in the journal Brain, bolsters the view that general intelligence emerges from the emotional and social context of one’s life.“We are trying to understand the nature of general intelligence and to what extent our intellectual abilities are grounded in social cognitive abilities,” said Aron Barbey, a University of Illinois professor of neuroscience, psychology, and speech and hearing science.Barbey, an affiliate of the Beckman Institute and he Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois, led the new study with an international team of collaborators.The study involved 144 Vietnam veterans injured by shrapnel or bullets that penetrated the skull, damaging distinct brain tissues while leaving neighboring tissues intact. Using CT scans, the scientists painstakingly mapped the affected brain regions of each participant, then pooled the data to build a collective map of the brain.The researchers used a battery of carefully designed tests to assess participants’ intellectual, emotional and social capabilities. They then looked for damage in specific brain regions tied to deficits in the participants’ ability to navigate intellectual, emotional or social realms. Social problem solving in this analysis primarily involved conflict resolution with friends, family and peers at work.As in their earlier studies of general intelligence and emotional intelligence, the researchers found that regions of the frontal cortex (at the front of the brain), the parietal cortex (further back near the top of the head) and the temporal lobes (on the sides of the head behind the ears) are all implicated in social problem solving. The regions that contributed to social functioning in the parietal and temporal lobes were located only in the brain’s left hemisphere, while both left and right frontal lobes were involved.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Eric Chan Wei Chiang's curator insight, August 2, 9:30 AM

There is a popular myth that humans use no more than 10% of their brains throughout their entire life. This has been shown to be untrue as brain damage consistently results in loss of function. Nonetheless, this myth provided the premise for some great movies such as the 2014 film, Lucy 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_(2014_film)

 

Read more scoops on the brain here:

http://www.scoop.it/t/biotech-and-beyond/?tag=Brain

Helen Teague's curator insight, August 3, 6:32 AM

From Dr. Stefan Gruenwald:

By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, researchers have found that brain regions that contribute to optimal social functioning are also vital to general intelligence and emotional intelligence.

 

This finding, reported in the journal Brain, bolsters the view that general intelligence emerges from the emotional and social context of one’s life.

“We are trying to understand the nature of general intelligence and to what extent our intellectual abilities are grounded in social cognitive abilities,” said Aron Barbey, a University of Illinois professor of neuroscience, psychology, and speech and hearing science.

 

Barbey, an affiliate of the Beckman Institute and he Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois, led the new study with an international team of collaborators.

 

The study involved 144 Vietnam veterans injured by shrapnel or bullets that penetrated the skull, damaging distinct brain tissues while leaving neighboring tissues intact. Using CT scans, the scientists painstakingly mapped the affected brain regions of each participant, then pooled the data to build a collective map of the brain.

 

The researchers used a battery of carefully designed tests to assess participants’ intellectual, emotional and social capabilities. They then looked for damage in specific brain regions tied to deficits in the participants’ ability to navigate intellectual, emotional or social realms. Social problem solving in this analysis primarily involved conflict resolution with friends, family and peers at work.

 

As in their earlier studies of general intelligence and emotional intelligence, the researchers found that regions of the frontal cortex (at the front of the brain), the parietal cortex (further back near the top of the head) and the temporal lobes (on the sides of the head behind the ears) are all implicated in social problem solving. The regions that contributed to social functioning in the parietal and temporal lobes were located only in the brain’s left hemisphere, while both left and right frontal lobes were involved.

Jocelyn Stoller's curator insight, August 13, 1:55 AM

Strange that CT scans were used. High resolution Functional MRI would show both structure and activity. Other imaging methods such as optogenetics, MEG, TMS, BOLD, etc. could also help to pinpoint these areas without using radiation on an already-injured brain.

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Average Is Over

Average Is Over | Content in Context | Scoop.it
In the 21st-century economy, everyone is going to have to find a little something extra to stand out in their field of employment.
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Understanding What’s Next in Talent: The Shift to Open Systems in the People Cloud Future

Understanding What’s Next in Talent: The Shift to Open Systems in the People Cloud Future | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“ Every element of the People Cloud future is significant. But no element is more pivotal to the emergence of this transformative narrative than the fundamental shift from closed to open systems.”
Via Andrew Karpie, Kathryn Hopkins
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200 Best Entrepreneurship Quotes Ever

200 Best Entrepreneurship Quotes Ever | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“You know what they say...”
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APIs are coming. Welcome to the B2B Sharing Economy

APIs are coming. Welcome to the B2B Sharing Economy | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“ Or why APIs , by lowering market transactions costs, are reshaping of the economy we know and enable a new generation of entrepreneurs.”
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Manfred Bortenschlager's curator insight, July 21, 9:08 AM

An interesting argument regarding APIs disrupting the Theory of the Firm and the consequences on transaction costs, which will have a substantial impact on how we create and run organisations in the future. 

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Mike Norman Economics: How the Iron Law of Oligarchy Extends to Peer Production

This is the dilemma facing humanity since the advent of liberalism in the Enlightenment. There is an inherent tension between popular, participatory democracy and efficient organization. The social, political and economic challenge is to work out tradeoffs that enable humanity to recapture the liberty and dignity of Rousseau's noble savage"while also harnessing the advantage of modern organization and management.

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Noah Raford » How to Build a Collective Intelligence Platform to Crowdsource Almost Anything

Noah Raford » How to Build a Collective Intelligence Platform to Crowdsource Almost Anything | Content in Context | Scoop.it
The MIT Center for Collective Intelligence recently published an important overview of the theory and mechanisms behind successful crowdsourcing efforts. Their report, called “Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence“, can be found here.
Via jean lievens
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Milestone in the methods of collective intelligence practices
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The Rich and Their Robots Are About to Make Half the World's Jobs Disappear

The Rich and Their Robots Are About to Make Half the World's Jobs Disappear | Content in Context | Scoop.it
“So where does that leave the world's working class?”
Via jean lievens
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