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At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago

At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago | Contact History | Scoop.it

Indirect estimates based on carbon dating point to intentional settlement by a large population. At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived in Australia some 50,000 years ago, a reconstruction indicates — numbers that could be evidence of an intentional migration rather than the accidental stranding of a few individuals at a time. The study also finds that the population was devastated during the latest Ice Age, but later rebounded.

 

The prehistoric settlement of Australia has long been considered a simple story: a founding group of 150 people or fewer made it to the Australian mainland 50 millennia ago and grew to no more than 1.2 million by the time European settlers arrived in 1788. Debate focused on whether the founding population grew immediately after colonization or boomed later, in the past 5,000 years.

 

To tease out a demographic signal from the past, Alan Williams, an archaeologist at the Australian National University in Canberra, amassed the most comprehensive radiocarbon data set ever put together for the continent, from both published and unpublished sources. He analysed the dates of 4,575 artefacts from 1,750 archaeological sites.

 

Applying methods that others had developed to analyse a similar dataset from North American artifacts, Williams graphed the number of data points for each 200-year period, and made the assumption that for each given area, changes in the number of data points from one period to the next were a good indication of changes in population size — while correcting for the fact that some types of archaeological site can be lost over time owing to processes such as erosion. Assuming that the population would be between 750,000 and 1.2 million by the eighteenth century, he fit a smooth population curve to the data.

 

According to Williams' curve, 1,000–2,000 founders would be necessary to reach the population that was in place when the Europeans arrived. After the founders arrived, the population would have stabilized at low levels, but crashed during the most recent Ice Age, around 20,000 years ago. “To quantify the impacts of the last glacial maximum — and see a 60% reduction in population — is quite horrendous,” says Williams. After the Ice Age, population growth rates began to increase in pulses, starting 12,000 years ago.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
James Miles's insight:

The origin of the Aboriginal people in Australia.

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Zack Aislabie's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:29 PM

Interesting enough.....

Its about how people origionally migrated into Australia

Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:36 PM

Helps with some research. Should read if doing the First Fleet or Contact history.

 

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:38 PM

This will be really good for history studies I would suggest you to read over.

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Convicts and the British colonies in Australia - australia.gov.au

Convicts and the British colonies in Australia - australia.gov.au | Contact History | Scoop.it

On 18 January 1788 the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay, which Joseph Banks had declared suitable for a penal colony after he returned from a journey there in 1770.


Via Kel Hathaway, Patrick L., Lachlan Wilks
James Miles's insight:

The arrival of the First Fleet in Botany Bay, Joseph Banks declared it was suitable for a penal colony.

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angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:50 PM

a detailed summary with many facts about colanising in Australia.

megan hooper's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:01 PM

On 18 January, the fist fleet arrived in Botany Bay. The convicts were employed according to their skills. Last shipment of convicts disembarked in Western Australia in 1868, the total number of transported convicts stood at around 162,000 men and women. They were transported here on 806 ships.

teigan cotterill's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:05 PM

this website has a lot of information and i learnt a lot of new things about the convicts

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Tracing the lives of British and Australian convicts

Tracing the lives of British and Australian convicts | Contact History | Scoop.it

The University of Liverpool will lead a £1.7million AHRC award to make it possible for people to trace the records of Londoners sentenced to either imprisonment or transportation from 1787 up to the 1920s when the last convict died.

 


Via David Connolly, Zack Aislabie, Taine Barker
James Miles's insight:

The "wonderful" lives of the convicts, explored by the university of Liverpool, trying to make it possible to trace the records of the Londoners.

 

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Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:39 PM

Not the best for Contact history, but still about the convicts and the people

 

layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:56 PM

the convicts lifes of the convicts was hard and harsh. they had to work all day in the blistering sun.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:05 PM

Tracing the lives of British and Australian convicts.

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A Convict Story: interactive teaching resource - Historic Houses Trust of NSW

A Convict Story: interactive teaching resource - Historic Houses Trust of NSW | Contact History | Scoop.it
The Historic Houses Trust is a leader in the conservation and management of historic places in Australia. As well as opening our museums to the public, we produce exhibitions, events, publications and education programs.

Via LizKelly
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There is a museum about the management of historic places in Australia.

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lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:47 PM

This shows how they open Mueseums to help all the people who need to find out information about the History of Convicts.

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The First Fleet's 225th anniversary - Herald Sun

The First Fleet's 225th anniversary - Herald Sun | Contact History | Scoop.it
The First Fleet's 225th anniversary Herald Sun They arrived in Botany Bay on January 18 but despite praise from Sir Joseph Banks (who was on Captain James Cook's first great voyage of discovery, on the Endeavour 1768-1771) it was deemed unsuitable...

Via LizKelly
James Miles's insight:

The First Fleet  arrived at Botany Bay on the 18 of January, Sir Joseph Banks was apart of the First Fleet and Captain James Cook's first great voyage the Endeavour.

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LINC Tasmania Online - Convicts in Tasmania

LINC Tasmania Online - Convicts in Tasmania | Contact History | Scoop.it
RT @InsideHistory: Convict records at the LINC Tasmania :: http://t.co/n1ywmdIBRa | Search for a Tasmanian convict :: http://t.co/h7nNwdICah #ozhst

Via LizKelly
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Click on a link to learn more.

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Colonial Australia

Colonial Australia | Contact History | Scoop.it
Early European settlement of Australia

Via Kel Hathaway
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What life was like for the convicts in Australia.

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angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:44 PM

Many different views and reports on the first colonisation in Australia.

Zack Aislabie's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

The settlement of Australia by convicts and the English

Manoli's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:01 PM

this is linked to contact history becaise it tells you about the early settlement Australia

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Journals of the First Fleet | State Library of New South Wales

Journals of the First Fleet | State Library of New South Wales | Contact History | Scoop.it

Explore our incredible stories online through a unique selection of digitised items from the Library's vast collections, including books, journals, letters, pictures, photos, plans, maps and ephemera


Via Maree Whiteley, Taine Barker
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The First Fleet leaving England or arriving at Botany Bay. 

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layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

there were many different methods that they used to get here. some of them include maps photos and books.

cy.osaki's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:00 PM

this sight is useful because it has the journals of the first fleet

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

Diarys' and Pictures made by convicts. in 1788 and beyond.

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The First Fleet

The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia. This is their story.
James Miles's insight:

There were eleven ships in the First Fleet, they carried both convicts and marines that are now known as the founders of Australia.

 

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lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:51 PM

The First Fleet

ZOE MILLER's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

this is a good website for starter information on the first fleet and contact history

chloe bear's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:58 PM

this is a good resource because it tells you of the first fleet and the convicts who were in the first fleet. It also has information on colonisation and the european discovery

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The First Fleet Narrative: A Captain's Log. | Grade 5W

Day 1: Departure We left Portsmouth today, well-stocked with plenty of rations. We should be quite safe with Sirius around, those convicts could cause.

Via LizKelly
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The first day in a diary entry, by the Captain of a ship in the First Fleet.

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Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:42 PM

Good Information

Coonamblehighlibrary's curator insight, September 2, 2014 2:12 AM

Students have created a Captain's log of the first fleet

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The Dreaming, Australia before 1788, Aboriginal colonisation and contact, History Year 8, NSW | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia

The Dreaming, Australia before 1788, Aboriginal colonisation and contact, History Year 8, NSW | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia | Contact History | Scoop.it
The Dreaming, Australia before 1788, Aboriginal colonisation and contact, History, Year 8, NSW Australian human history did not just start when the first white settlers arrived in 1788.

Via Lisa Thomas
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The history of Australia started before the first white settlers.

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lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:55 PM

This is some good information about when the English encountered the Aboriginies , convicts and the dream time storys that the Aboriginies believe to be what happened to create the earth.

angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

this tells us about the aboriginal colony being the first people on australia and all about their culture.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

Australia before British colonisation and invasion.

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Who Were the First Australians, and How Many Were There? - ScienceNOW

Who Were the First Australians, and How Many Were There? - ScienceNOW | Contact History | Scoop.it

Some 40,000 to 50,000 years ago, a band of intrepid Southeast Asians became the first humans to reach Australia, and without a single glance at a GPS unit. Now new research suggests that perhaps 3000 people—many more than previously thought—made that foray into the unknown to become the continent's founding population and the ancestors of Australia's aboriginal people.

 

 

 


Via Laran, gemima pearson
James Miles's insight:

The first Australians derived from Southeast Asia, and traveled to Australia.

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Zack Aislabie's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:56 PM

An explaination of the native Australian people

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:00 PM

Not completely on the topic but still talks about the aboriginal ancestors

angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:08 PM

everything about the first australians, how many there were and many more facts.

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At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago

At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago | Contact History | Scoop.it

Indirect estimates based on carbon dating point to intentional settlement by a large population. At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived in Australia some 50,000 years ago, a reconstruction indicates — numbers that could be evidence of an intentional migration rather than the accidental stranding of a few individuals at a time. The study also finds that the population was devastated during the latest Ice Age, but later rebounded.

 

The prehistoric settlement of Australia has long been considered a simple story: a founding group of 150 people or fewer made it to the Australian mainland 50 millennia ago and grew to no more than 1.2 million by the time European settlers arrived in 1788. Debate focused on whether the founding population grew immediately after colonization or boomed later, in the past 5,000 years.

 

To tease out a demographic signal from the past, Alan Williams, an archaeologist at the Australian National University in Canberra, amassed the most comprehensive radiocarbon data set ever put together for the continent, from both published and unpublished sources. He analysed the dates of 4,575 artefacts from 1,750 archaeological sites.

 

Applying methods that others had developed to analyse a similar dataset from North American artifacts, Williams graphed the number of data points for each 200-year period, and made the assumption that for each given area, changes in the number of data points from one period to the next were a good indication of changes in population size — while correcting for the fact that some types of archaeological site can be lost over time owing to processes such as erosion. Assuming that the population would be between 750,000 and 1.2 million by the eighteenth century, he fit a smooth population curve to the data.

 

According to Williams' curve, 1,000–2,000 founders would be necessary to reach the population that was in place when the Europeans arrived. After the founders arrived, the population would have stabilized at low levels, but crashed during the most recent Ice Age, around 20,000 years ago. “To quantify the impacts of the last glacial maximum — and see a 60% reduction in population — is quite horrendous,” says Williams. After the Ice Age, population growth rates began to increase in pulses, starting 12,000 years ago.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
James Miles's insight:

The origin of the Aboriginal people in Australia.

more...
Zack Aislabie's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:29 PM

Interesting enough.....

Its about how people origionally migrated into Australia

Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:36 PM

Helps with some research. Should read if doing the First Fleet or Contact history.

 

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:38 PM

This will be really good for history studies I would suggest you to read over.