Consciousness
Follow
8.7K views | +0 today
Consciousness
It's a mystery...
Curated by ddrrnt
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by ddrrnt from Global Brain
Scoop.it!

A Neuroscientist’s Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious

A Neuroscientist’s Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious | Consciousness | Scoop.it
It's a question that's perplexed philosophers for centuries and scientists for decades: Where does consciousness come from? Neuroscientist Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, thinks he has an answer.

 

Koch: There’s a theory, called Integrated Information Theory, developed by Giulio Tononi at the University of Wisconsin, that assigns to any one brain, or any complex system, a number — denoted by the Greek symbol of Φ — that tells you how integrated a system is, how much more the system is than the union of its parts. Φ gives you an information-theoretical measure of consciousness. Any system with integrated information different from zero has consciousness. Any integration feels like somethingto that system. When it's dissolved, it does not feel that anymore. (http://www.scoop.it/t/consciousness/p/3582464734/2012/12/04/integrated-information-theory)


The internet contains about 10 billion computers, with each computer itself having a couple of billion transistors in its CPU. So the internet has at least 10^19 transistors, compared to the roughly 1000 trillion (or quadrillion) synapses in the human brain. That’s about 10,000 times more transistors than synapses. But is the internet more complex than the human brain? It depends on the degree of integration of the internet.

 

For instance, our brains are connected all the time. On the internet, computers are packet-switching. They’re not connected permanently, but rapidly switch from one to another. But according to my version of panpsychism, it feels like something to be the internet — and if the internet were down, it wouldn’t feel like anything anymore. And that is, in principle, not different from the way I feel when I’m in a deep, dreamless sleep.



Via Spaceweaver
more...
Bruce I. Kodish's curator insight, November 5, 2014 11:17 PM

Christof Koch - always worth listening to. 

Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

The Santiago Theory of Cognition

In this new view, cognition involves the entire process of life - including perception, emotion, and behaviour - and does not necessarily require a brain and a nervous system. At the human level, however, cognition includes language, conceptual thought, and all the other attributes of human consciousness.

 

The Santiago theory of cognition, in my view, is the first scientific theory that really overcomes the Cartesian division of mind and matter, and will thus have the most far-reaching implications. Mind and matter no longer appear to belong to two separate categories but are seen as representing two complementary aspects of the phenomenon of life - the process aspect and the structure aspect. At all levels of life, beginning with the simplest cell, mind and matter, process and structure are inseparably connected. Thus, for the first time, we have a scientific theory that unifies mind, matter and life.

 

--  Fritjof Capra

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

These 19th-century diagrams were one man's attempt to illustrate human consciousness

These 19th-century diagrams were one man's attempt to illustrate human consciousness | Consciousness | Scoop.it
Could you represent the stages of human consciousness with a diagram? In the late 19th century, New Zealand psychologist Benjamin Betts tried to apply mathematics to the problem of visualizing human consciousness


What he produced were striking, almost floral designs that he believed represented the shape of our consciousness for a given activity.


Maria Popova of Brain Pickings came across these images in the 1887 book Geometrical psychology, or, The science of representation, an abstract of the theories and diagrams of B. W. Betts, edited by Louisa Cook and available on Open Library. In his metaphysical explorations, Betts attempted to represent the successive stages of the evolution of human consciousness with symbolic mathematical forms; he was quite pleased to find that his mathematical representations frequently resulted in plant-like forms, taking this to mean that he was on the track to some universal representation of consciousness. Incidentally, he also believed that human consciousness was the only thing that we as humans could study directly since everything else must necessarily be perceived through human consciousness.


by Lauren Davis 26 Nov 12

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Imagination, Imaginal Cells, and Evolutionary Leaps | The Rabbit Hole

Imaginal cell lie dormant inside a caterpillar's body, becoming activated within the chrysalis to allow a butterfly to ultimately emerge. Like seeds of pure potential encoded into the caterpillar's DNA, imaginal cells are the ingredients of metamorphosis.*


Deepak Chopra discusses the metaphor of the butterfly to suggest worlds of possibility inherent in our consciousness that can facilitate our own transformation. What future have you imagined for yourself?




Are we Living in a Dream?

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Biocentrism: A Consciousness-Centric View of the Universe

Biocentrism:  A Consciousness-Centric View of the Universe | Consciousness | Scoop.it

The 7 Principles of Biocentrism


First Principle of Biocentrism: What we perceive as reality is a process that involves our consciousness.


Second Principle of Biocentrism: Our external and internal perceptions are inextricably intertwined. They are different sides of the same coin and cannot be divorced from one another.


Third Principle of Biocentrism: The behavior of subatomic particles –indeed all particles and objects – is inextricably linked to the presence of an observer. Without the presence of a conscious observer, they at best exist in an undetermined state of probability waves.


Fourth Principle of Biocentrism: Without consciousness, “matter” dwells in an undetermined state of probability. Any universe that could have preceded consciousness only existed in a probability state.


Fifth Principle of Biocentrism: The structure of the universe is explainable only through biocentrism. The universe is fine-tuned for life, which makes perfect sense as life creates the universe, not the other way around. The “universe” is simply the complete spatiotemporal logic of the self.


Sixth Principle of Biocentrism: Time does not have a real existence outside of animal-sense perception. It is the process by which we perceive changes in the universe.


Seventh Principle of Biocentrism: Space, like time, is not an object or a thing. Space is another form of our animal understanding and does not have an independent reality. We carry space and time around with us like turtles with shells. Thus, there is no absolute self-existing matrix in which physical events occur independent of life.


@ddrrnt's blog post on Biocentric Health of the Universe.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

What Is Love? - Amit Goswami

Dr. Amit Goswami, Ph.D, Theoretical Quantum Physicist, talks about the emotion of "love" in humanity in the documentary "The Quantum Activist". http://www.am...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Collective Presencing: A New Human Capacity

Collective Presencing: A New Human Capacity | Consciousness | Scoop.it

This is the first in a series of articles introducing the phenomenon and practice of Collective Presencing, a new capacity evolving in humanity at this time. Great thinkers have foreseen its coming—we recognise it in Aurobindo’s descent of the supramental and Teilhard de Chardin’s noosphere. But what exactly do those terms mean? Where these gifted individuals intuited and envisioned the birth of this new collective capacity at the dawn of the last century, we are now starting to be able to describe it from experience. While many might recognise the phenomenon from transpersonal group work and other such practices, so far as we are aware, this is the first attempt to articulate it as a path and a set of capacities that can be intentionally developed.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Universal Theory | Holonomic Brain Theory

Universal Theory | Holonomic Brain Theory | Consciousness | Scoop.it
Memory is not lost when the brain is sliced in different directions. This defies the assumption that memory storage occurs in specific parts of the brain. The Holonomic Brain theory suggests that memory is stored in spectral form.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

The User Illusion: Cutting Consiousness Down to Size

The User Illusion: Cutting Consiousness Down to Size | Consciousness | Scoop.it

In his book The User Illusion: Cutting Consciousness Down to Size Danish science journalist Tor Norretranders presents a scientifically sound and intellectually stimulating theory of conscious experience. “The user illusion” refers to a computer users idea of how the computer works based on how they interact with it. The bits and bytes are concealed by a largely metaphorical, extremely simplified, and not necessarily accurate illusion. Norretranders central thesis is that consciousness is our user illusion of ourselves. Consciousness arises after much information has been discarded. Conscious experience is a manageable distillation, essence, of our extremely rich raw experience. The User Illusion is incredibly readable in spite of its plethora of references. Norretranders pulls from innumerable sources, most notably Gödel, Libet, and Shannon. He integrates a wide array of prior research, tying together ideas from information theory, thermodynamics, physics, psychology, and philosophy to substantiate his theory; this is indeed the strongest aspect of the book.

 

Norretranders builds his theory of consciousness on the tenants of information theory. He makes sure the reader understands the basics before he applies them to his broader claims. The take home message is the notion of information and exformation. Exformation is discarded information. Norretrander uses the example of grocery shopping, among others. At the register the prices of the individual items are summed, it is this number, the total, that we are interested in. The sum is useful to us, it tells us how much money to take out of our wallet, the individual prices are not, they are irrelevant once we obtain the total. The author then extrapolates to consciousness, explaining that a huge amount of information must be discarded along the path from unconscious to conscious experience.

 

via Serendip's Exchange

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Meher Baba and the Evolution of Consciousness (eastern religion, spirituality)

An excerpt from the 1994 documentary, "Meher Baba, The Awakener." The story of creation and evolution as revealed by the Indian Spiritual Master, Avatar Meher Baba (1894-1969).
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Signal for Consciousness in Brain Marked by Neural Dialogue

Signal for Consciousness in Brain Marked by Neural Dialogue | Consciousness | Scoop.it

"Scientists have long hunted for a pattern of brain activity that signals consciousness, but a reliable marker has proved elusive. For many years theorists have argued that the answer lies in the prefrontal cortex, a region of high-level processing located behind the forehead; neural signals that reach this area were thought to emerge from unconscious obscurity into our awareness. Recent research, however, supports the idea that consciousness is a conversation rather than a revelation, with no single brain structure leading the dialogue."

 

via Scientific American

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Qualia Manifesto

"Qualia are the subjective sensory qualities like "the redness of red" that accompany our perception. Qualia symbolize the explanatory gap that exists between the subjective qualities of our perception and the physical system that we call the brain. Elucidating the neural basis of qualia is central in understanding the principles of the "integrated parallelism" in cortical information processing. The so-called "binding problem" is a typical aspect of the above mentioned "integrated parallelism". The study of qualia is important not only in understanding the neural basis of our conscious mental experience but also in bridging the gap between the "two cultures" (C.P. Snow). The Qualia Manifesto is a mission statement that puts qualia at the center of scientific and cultural movement in years to come."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Evolution of Consciousness

Evolution of Consciousness | Consciousness | Scoop.it

The Spiral of Evolution, showing successive stages in the development of consciounsess, according to Spiral Dynamics and Integral philosophy (here only human consciounsess is shown, but the spiral could be extended up or down indefinitely).

 

Image copyright 2007 Steve McIntosh, from The spiral of development in consciousness and culture

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

David Chalmers: How do you explain consciousness? - TED

Our consciousness is a fundamental aspect of our existence, says philosopher David Chalmers: "There's nothing we know about more directly.... but at the same time it's the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe." He shares some ways to think about the movie playing in our heads.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Integrated Information Theory

Integrated Information Theory | Consciousness | Scoop.it

Giulio Tononi, a University of Wisconsin psychiatrist and neuroscientist, invented the Integrated Information Theory of consciousness. Online in Scientific American last Friday, he published an excerpt of a new book, titled “PHI: A Voyage from the Brain to the Soul,” in which he expounds his ideas.


“Consciousness lives where information is integrated by a single entity above and beyond its parts,” he writes in the subheading of the published chapter. (...)


The core of Intergrated Information Theory is the identification Tononi makes of consciousness with “the information generated by the whole above and beyond its parts,” which he calls “integrated information.” Using a measure of information derived from information theory, he assigns this bonus quantity of information the symbol Ф. 


As an example, Tononi imagines a row of men. If each is whispered the word of a single sentence, each man may think of that word, but “nowhere will there be a consciousness of the whole sentence,” Tononi writes.  (...)


In the case of the men in a row, Ф is the quantity of information that corresponds to the meaning of the sentence, which does not emerge until each man speaks his word. (...)


When information is exchanged between objects (i.e., when photons pass between them), the wavefunctions of those objects become entangled, and to some extent merge together (overlap) as a single wavefunction. Thus, when the men exchange the information of their words, the wavefunctions of their brains entangle and overlap to a degree. Their individual brain wavefunctions come to share a mathematical component — a factor, if you will — and that shared component corresponds to the meaning of the sentence.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

If Your Brain Is A Quantum Computer, Can It Connect You To The World?

If Your Brain Is A Quantum Computer,  Can It Connect You To The World? | Consciousness | Scoop.it
I'd like you to consider the possibility that nature embodies within herself a kind of Internet, and that through our brain we might be able to communicate with it.


Systems philosopher Ervin Laszlo asks, If Your Brain Is A Quantum Computer, Can It Connect You To The World? In it, he poses a quantum idea of knowing:


Not only are the neurons of our brain thoroughly entangled with each other–so that they can assemble and then process information with lightning speed–they are also entangled with the world beyond our brain. The logical conclusion is that the bulk of the information picked up and processed by the brain is not stored within the brain; it’s stored in the vast information field that embeds the brain.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Scientists offer quantum theory of soul's existence

Scientists offer quantum theory of soul's existence | Consciousness | Scoop.it

American Dr Stuart Hameroff and British physicist Sir Roger Penrose developed a quantum theory of consciousness asserting that our souls are contained inside structures called microtubules which live within our brain cells.


Their idea stems from the notion of the brain as a biological computer, "with 100 billion neurons and their axonal firings and synaptic connections acting as information networks". (...)


They argue that our experience of consciousness is the result of quantum gravity effects inside these microtubules - a process they call orchestrated objective reduction (Orch-OR).


In a near-death experience the microtubules lose their quantum state, but the information within them is not destroyed. Or in layman's terms, the soul does not die but returns to the universe. (...)


Dr Hameroff explained the theory at length in the Morgan Freeman-narrated documentary Through the Wormhole, which was recently aired in the US by the Science Channel. (...)


The quantum soul theory is now trending worldwide, thanks to stories published this week by The Huffington Post and the Daily Mail, which have generated thousands of readers comments and social media shares. (...)



more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

The BioCentrism Theory

Edited by Agape Satori www.facebook.com/agape.insitori Spoken Word by Robert Lanza THE BIOCENTRISM THEORY Without consciousness, "matter" dwells in an undete...
more...
danijel drnić's comment, February 21, 2013 4:32 PM
.. But what if the universe is intelligent?? Then environment has properties of being !!
So ... the conclusion follows ... intelligence is self sufficient!
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Spiral Dynamics: Evolution of Human Consciousness

Spiral Dynamics: Evolution of Human Consciousness | Consciousness | Scoop.it

Dr. Graves penned this article after approximately two decades of research on the evolution of human consciousness, more specifically, Spiral Dynamics. Graves believed that humanity as a whole was moving toward becoming a global tribe that wasn’t reminiscent of ancient tribalism, but rather, reflective of the development of collective consciousness.

 

The Stages of Consciousness Development

 

Dr. Graves stated that consciousness developed in seven stages, but later found that some of his subjects moved on to an eighth stage, which went beyond the seventh stage of psychological maturity. It was therefore concluded that the development of consciousness was an open-ended process, even though the prevailing eight stage system still holds forte at large:

 

Survival (Beige) - Where all the attention is focused on survival.

 

Tribal (Purple) - All about social relationships and maintenance of customs.

 

Egocentric (Red) – Explore personal identity and challenge tribal authority figures or belief systems.

 

Authoritarian (Blue) – In order to understand purpose of life and have security need to obey higher authority and rules.

 

Enterprising (Orange) – Awaken independence and achieve results while challenging authority and test possibilities.

 

Humanistic (Green) – Seek love and piece within through sharing and becoming useful in the community.

 

Integrative (Yellow) - Live free and explore what is life about while understanding that chaos and change are natural.

 

Neo-tribal (Turquoise) – Experience the wholeness of existence by becoming one with all things, and restore natural harmony and balance.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by ddrrnt from Knowmads, Infocology of the future
Scoop.it!

What Happens to Consciousness When We Die: Scientific American

The death of the brain means subjective experiences are neurochemistry.


Michael Shermer examine's Donald D. Hoffman's Conscious Realism which asserts that the objective world, i.e., the world whose existence does not depend on the perceptions of a particular observer, consists entirely of conscious agents. Consciousness is fundamental to the cosmos and gives rise to particles and fields. It is not a latecomer in the evolutionary history of the universe, arising from complex interactions of unconscious matter and fields, Hoffman writes.



Via Wildcat2030
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Is Data Consciousness? | Reality Sandwich

Is Data Consciousness? | Reality Sandwich | Consciousness | Scoop.it
Featureteaser:  Could the datasphere be an extension of our collective consciousness? If so, could an intentional organization of this data have a profound effect via our unconscious agents of empathy and evolution, mirror neurons?
more...
gregorylent's comment, May 23, 2012 1:34 AM
thoughts have form, substance, and what we think about vibrationally affects both awareness and body ..

can the intentional reorganization be of a higher frequency than the content being reorganized?
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Dennett on magic and misdirection

Dennett on magic and misdirection | Consciousness | Scoop.it

"Dennett argues that the ‘hard problem‘ is a red herring – the whole question of how conscious first person experience arises from the biological function of the brain assumes that consciousness is a single thing that needs explaining.

 

He suggests that there isn’t a single thing that is consciousness, just a collection of mental components, but the fact we’ve named it as a single thing fools us.

 

In his article Explaining the “Magic” of Consciousness, he gives a great analogy of how the use of the word ‘the’ was used in a card trick to make it seem completely mysterious even to fellow professional magicians."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Duality and Nonduality -- homeostasis and the play of consciousness

Consciousness, thus is the homeostasis or the interchange process of metamorphosis or osmosis (information transfer) between matter (feminine polarity) and its environment (masculine polarity)>


The fundamental process of all life rests on a simple decision in Consciousness: Does the nondual relationship in homeostasis between theduality of the masculine and feminine principles support the absolute nonduality


Life It Self then, is the process of establishing and maintaining that absolute nonduality.


Existence (nonduality) can only BE because of Duality expressed as Masculine and Feminine Principles.


Evolution is the result of dis-ease (a masculine-feminine duality imbalance) and is the manifestation of this imbalance in form leading to mutation of thefeminine principle in an attempt to find absolute homeostasis with a changing masculine principle or environmental change.


The evolving human consciousness "out there" is the reflection (masculine principle) of what is going on "in here"(feminine principle) .. a chain reaction of fractal evolution - homeostasis between matter andenergy which obeys simple principles - a "both/and" situation.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Daniel Dennett » Conscious Entities

Daniel Dennett » Conscious Entities | Consciousness | Scoop.it

Dennett is the great demystifier of consciousness. According to him there is, in the final analysis, nothing fundamentally inexplicable about the way we attribute intentions and conscious feelings to people. We often attribute feelings or intentions metaphorically to non-human things, after all. We might say our car is a bit tired today, or that our pot plant is thirsty. At the end of the day, our attitude to other human beings is just a version – a much more sophisticated version – of the same strategy. Attributing intentions to human animals makes it much easier to work out what their behaviour is likely to be. It pays us, in short, to adopt the intentional stance when trying to understand human beings.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ddrrnt
Scoop.it!

Measuring Consciousness

Measuring Consciousness | Consciousness | Scoop.it

"Dr. Tononi has a different approach, and a different opinion about the consciousness. He believes that he can translate the conscious process into mathematical formula, and if he and his colleagues manage to do that, then the doctors would be able to measure the consciousness, just like they are able to measure the blood pressure. In order to do so, they are using a series of mathematical formulas which are usually used in the case of computers."

 

"Dr. Tononi believes that the consciousness is not strictly related to the amount of information our minds receive. He believes that the information from our own minds is similar to the information from the computers. He believes that the brain stores information just like a computer or any other digital devices can store information. He believes that when we are sleeping the brain simply stores less information then when we are awake, and that’s about it. There are many people who believe that Dr. Tononi’s information lacks certain elements, and believe that the theory is still in its infancy."

more...
No comment yet.