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Cartographic Anomalies: How Map Projections Have Shaped Our Perceptions of the World

Cartographic Anomalies: How Map Projections Have Shaped Our Perceptions of the World | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Elizabeth Borneman explores how cartography and cartographic projections help and hinder our perception of the world.

"How do you think the world (starting with our perceptions) could change if the map looked differently? What if Australia was on top and the hemispheres switched? By changing how we look at a map we truly can begin to explore and change our assumptions about the world we live in."

 

Geography doesn’t just teach us about the Earth; it provides ways for thinking about the Earth that shapes how we see the world.  Maps do the same; they represent a version of reality and that influences how we think about places. 

 

Tags: mapping, perspective.


Via Seth Dixon
YEC Geo's insight:

I love maps, but it's easy to forget that reproducing a three-dimensional object on a two-dimensional surface involves many trade-offs.  This article highlights those trade-offs.

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samantha benitez's curator insight, November 22, 2014 2:53 PM

helps show the different perspectives of our world and how it has changed. also shows many different forms of mapping our world throughout time.

Emily Coats's curator insight, May 27, 2015 10:34 AM

UNIT 1 

This article discusses map projections and how they shape our perception of the world. Maps influence how we see the world, and could change the way we see it as well. These projections show us many different views of the Earth, which is very influential to our perspectives. This applies to unit 1 and its major concepts and underlying geographical perspective such as analyzing maps. 

Vicki S Albritton's curator insight, August 26, 2016 8:35 PM
What we see isn't always what is.
Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:


2017:


15-45 million year old mammal blood: https://academic.oup.com/jme/article/3073510/Fossilized-Mammalian-Erythrocytes-Associated-With


146-100 milllion year old bird tendon and cartilage-like tissues: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14779


195 million year old dinosaur blood:  http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14220


80 million year old brachylophosaur protein: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170123145210.htm


2016:

130 million year old bird melanosomes: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/11/16/1617168113.abstract

75 million year old keratin: http://phys.org/news/2016-11-dinosaur-claw-sheath-proteins-million.html

120 million year old Psittacosaurus pigment and protein:  http://www.icr.org/article/9595/

1.4 million year old chloroplast DNA from deep sea sediments: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/8/615.full.pdf+html

100 million year old mummified bird wings: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160628/ncomms12089/full/ncomms12089.html

1.88 billion year old microbial protein preservation: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160617/ncomms11977/full/ncomms11977.html

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://creation.com/unpermineralized-hadrosaur-bones-alaska

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://crev.info/2015/09/original-pigment-dinosaur-feathers/

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://www.icr.org/article/8805/

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://crev.info/2015/06/more-dino-blood-found/, http://crev.info/2015/06/dinosaur-soft-tissue-surprise/

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=13504, http://phys.org/news/2015-02-million-year-old-mollusk-protein.html

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=12518, http://www.icr.org/article/8059/

2013:

23 million year old lizard: http://www.icr.org/article/7569/ 46 million year old mosquito blood: http://crev.info/2013/

46 million year old mosquito blood: http://www.pnas.org/content/110/46/18496.abstract

49 million year old beetle scales: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23786-iridescent-beetle-shimmers-for-49-million-years/#.UeeXxZwSTbC

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://creation.com/hadrosaur-skin, http://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-rare-dinosaur-skin-fossil.html

160 year old mollusk melanin: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-melanin-jurassic-era-mollusk-tool-cancer.html

Brian Thomas’ overviews: http://www.icr.org/article/7520/

Archaeopteryx feather: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10235#more-10235

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://crev.info/2013/04/protein-found-in-dinosaur-eggs/

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/03/130327-trilobite-spots-marine-paleontology-science/

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020, http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10065

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/oldbiomarkers.htm

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/3-soft-tissue-in-fossils/

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink (see here for Charles Dickens reporting on fresh squid ink and fresh squid eye discovery: http://observationdeck.kinja.com/mary-anning-the-fossil-finder-by-charles-dickens-1579691341)

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://creation.com/c14-dinos

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://www.icr.org/article/7091/

Brian Thomas update: http://www.icr.org/article/7183/


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Geological perspective on floating forests

Geological perspective on floating forests | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Floating forest hypothesis put to the test from a geological perspective.
YEC Geo's insight:
YEC model-building: a discussion of coal formation
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Amber-Encased Blood Cells Look Fresh

Amber-Encased Blood Cells Look Fresh | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Looking for the clearest amber on Earth? A new study shows that Dominican Republic amber is clear enough to see what's inside. Apparently, ancient parasitic protozoans loved to live inside intact red blood cells.
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Scientists seek holy grail of climate change in Oman's hills

Scientists seek holy grail of climate change in Oman's hills | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
"There's about a billion tons of CO2 in this mountain," he said, pointing off to the east.

Rain and springs pull carbon from the exposed mantle to form stalactites and stalagmites in mountain caves. Natural pools develop surface scum of white carbonate. Scratch off this thin white film, Kelemen said, and it'll grow back in a day.

"For a geologist this is supersonic," he said.
YEC Geo's insight:
Rock literally sucks carbon dioxide out of the air!
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Using shadows to tell the time in Google Earth imagery

Using shadows to tell the time in Google Earth imagery | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
We thought it would be fun to write a tool to calculate time based on shadow angle. As a bonus, the shadow length can tell you the height of the object.
YEC Geo's insight:
Might have some interesting GIS applications.
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Grand Forks marks 20th anniversary of devastating Red River flood

Grand Forks marks 20th anniversary of devastating Red River flood | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Even as the 20th anniversary of the Great Flood approaches, few in Grand Forks care to look back. When they do, they recall the fear, the heartbreak and hard work.
YEC Geo's insight:
A sobering reminder of the power of water, including lots of before and after pictures.

For more about why the Red River is so prone to flooding, see here: http://sco.lt/8iBcFF
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Scientists find evidence of Britain’s original separation from Europe

Scientists find evidence of Britain’s original separation from Europe | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Researchers have found evidence of how ancient Britain separated from Europe, which happened in two stages, they report today in Nature Communications.
YEC Geo's insight:
First proposed 100 years ago, and now confirmed with updated technology.
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Tick Talk: Mammal Blood Found in Amber

Tick Talk: Mammal Blood Found in Amber | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
If tree resin has such preservation qualities, couldn’t that be tested in the lab? Couldn’t a tick engorged with blood be dropped into liquid tree sap and examined after a year to measure decay rates? Wouldn’t it be better to have some actual measurement data instead of assertions by evolutionists that things can last millions of years?
YEC Geo's insight:
RIght on target for April:  the fourth discovery, that I know of, of preserved biologic material that's supposedly millions of years old.
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How two baking students made a collection of chocolate geodes that are completely spectacular

How two baking students made a collection of chocolate geodes that are completely spectacular | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
We've never seen chocolate artistry quite like this. Inside these massive chocolate eggs is a sparkly, sugary surprise that looks just like an amethyst geode found in rocks.
YEC Geo's insight:
Wow.  Geobakery is really becoming a thing:

Planet cake: http://sco.lt/7b3pEf
Gneiss cake: http://sco.lt/5G5wR7
Amethyst cake: http://sco.lt/5rmdP7
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Overflowing river in Colombia kills at least 193 people

Overflowing river in Colombia kills at least 193 people | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The incident triggered by intense rains left at least 220 missing and 400 people injured in Mocoa, near Colombia's border with Ecuador. The river flooded around midnight on Saturday morning.
YEC Geo's insight:
These boulders were all carried down by the muddy river.  Sobering.
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Can the relative timing of radioisotope dates be applied to biblical geology?

Can the relative timing of radioisotope dates be applied to biblical geology? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Creationists reject the old ages of radiometric dating schemes. In recent years, however, some have proposed that these old radiometric dates can be used in a relative sense for absolute biblical earth history.
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Breathtaking footage shows kayakers getting close to a lava waterfall

Breathtaking footage shows kayakers getting close to a lava waterfall | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Breathtaking footage shows reckless kayakers getting up close to a red-hot lava waterfall flowing from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano
YEC Geo's insight:
At the intersection of geology and crazy.
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Happy Earth Day! Our home, seen from space

Happy Earth Day! Our home, seen from space | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Today we celebrate Earth Day with a few pictures of our 'Blue Marble' as seen from space.
YEC Geo's insight:
Lots of cool images for aerial photo junkies.
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Lost in Translation

Lost in Translation | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
What if history is explained by both the background noise of the natural system and the supernatural punctuations (acts) of miraculous events? That is, science is true as far as it goes, but is insufficient to explain history. What if we stop asking what is scientific, and start asking about what is historically and presently real?
YEC Geo's insight:
Wayne Rossiter is always worth listening to.  I can't recommend his book, "Shadow of Oz," highly enough: https://www.evolutionnews.org/2015/12/in_shadow_of_oz/
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Hadar, Ethiopia: History of a Famous Palaeoanthropological Region

Hadar, Ethiopia: History of a Famous Palaeoanthropological Region | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

The decade of the 1970’s will be remembered for a long time to come as a paradigm altering time in hominin evolutionary research and much was attributable to the 1974 discovery of A.L. 288-1, known to most by the nickname “Lucy”. For most of us who work in palaeoanthropology, the story of how this partial skeleton was found has been covered to death in books and articles countless times.

It would be derivative to cover it here, instead we are going to look at the importance of the Ethiopian region of Hadar to the science of palaeoanthropology.
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The New Google Earth is finally coming April 18

The New Google Earth is finally coming April 18 | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
It’s been five years since the last major release for Google Earth. We have been worried about the future of one of the world’s most popular applications during the past decade. But, Google has been promising us a new version is coming.
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Night Light Maps Open Up New Applications

Night Light Maps Open Up New Applications | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Satellite images of Earth at night—often referred to as “night lights”—have been a curiosity for the public and a tool of fundamental research for at least 25 years. They have provided a broad, beautiful picture, showing how humans have shaped the planet and lit up the darkness. Produced every decade or so, such maps have spawned hundreds of pop-culture uses and dozens of economic, social science, and environmental research projects.

But what would happen if scientists removed the moonlight, fires, and other natural sources of light and updated such nighttime images yearly, monthly, or even daily? A research team led by NASA Earth scientist Miguel Román plans to find out this year
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The Great Raft on the Red River

The Great Raft on the Red River | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
For hundreds of years before the arrival of Europeans, the environment of the Red River was affected by a phenomenon unique among all the great rivers in North America. An enormous log jam that extended 100 to 150 miles clogged the lower part of the river in what is now Northwest Louisiana and Northeast Texas.

This log jam was known as the Great Raft.
YEC Geo's insight:
I found out about this amazing phenomenon in a book I've been reading about American rivers. I'd never heard of it before, despite growing up very nearby.
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YEC Geo's curator insight, September 29, 2014 4:13 PM

I found out about this amazing phenomenon in a book I've been reading about American rivers.  I'd never heard of it before, despite growing up very nearby.

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Radiocarbon Dating: Questions Answered

Radiocarbon Dating: Questions Answered | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Imagine the surprise when every piece of “ancient” carbon tested has contained measurable quantities of radiocarbon! Fossils, coal, oil, natural gas, limestone, marble, and graphite from every Flood-related rock layer—and even some pre-Flood deposits—have all contained measurable quantities of radiocarbon (figure 6). All these results have been reported in the conventional scientific literature."

YEC Geo's insight:
Includes surprising information about C-14 in coal that I was not aware of.
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Programming by Accident – The Darwinian Paradigm

Programming by Accident – The Darwinian Paradigm | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
I continue to be astonished that people, otherwise intelligent people, are so committed to a materialist narrative or so naïve about systems engineering, that they think complex, integrated, functional systems can be built through random changes.

Nobody thinks this in the real world — not with bench science and with actual applications. They would be laughed out of a job.
YEC Geo's insight:
The upside of a coding error--this story.
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World's biggest dinosaur footprint found in 'Australia's Jurassic Park'

World's biggest dinosaur footprint found in 'Australia's Jurassic Park' | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The world's biggest dinosaur footprint has been discovered in northwestern Australia, measuring at nearly 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 meters), the lead author of a study said.
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California's desert enjoys a 'super bloom' of poppies after rainfall

California's desert enjoys a 'super bloom' of poppies after rainfall | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
California's arid desert sands have become awash with colour thanks to a rare 'super bloom' of poppies caused by massive rainfall.
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The Shame of Chinese Coal

The Shame of Chinese Coal | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Now, everyone knows the law of supply and demand. Per the article quoted above, China imports on the order of a QUARTER-BILLION METRIC TONNES of coal per year. If there are more global customers for the coal, that immutable law says that with increasing demand, coal prices will go up.

So should we be surprised when China tries in every way it can to discourage the use of coal?
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When it comes to biological populations, expect the unexpected

When it comes to biological populations, expect the unexpected | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The data shows that populations of the plants, fish and plankton living in the study lakes rise to such extremes that in other kinds of datasets, the numbers would seem like outliers.
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Legends of the lost reservoirs

Legends of the lost reservoirs | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Tucked away in a laboratory in University of Cincinnati’s Braunstein Hall are tubes of rock and dirt that quietly tell a story — a story that looks back on ancient society’s early water conservation.
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