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Cartographic Anomalies: How Map Projections Have Shaped Our Perceptions of the World

Cartographic Anomalies: How Map Projections Have Shaped Our Perceptions of the World | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Elizabeth Borneman explores how cartography and cartographic projections help and hinder our perception of the world.

"How do you think the world (starting with our perceptions) could change if the map looked differently? What if Australia was on top and the hemispheres switched? By changing how we look at a map we truly can begin to explore and change our assumptions about the world we live in."

 

Geography doesn’t just teach us about the Earth; it provides ways for thinking about the Earth that shapes how we see the world.  Maps do the same; they represent a version of reality and that influences how we think about places. 

 

Tags: mapping, perspective.


Via Seth Dixon
YEC Geo's insight:

I love maps, but it's easy to forget that reproducing a three-dimensional object on a two-dimensional surface involves many trade-offs.  This article highlights those trade-offs.

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Lindley Amarantos's curator insight, September 5, 2014 9:28 AM

Would you perception of the world change if you saw it upside down?

Mrs. B's curator insight, September 22, 2014 7:02 AM

Unit 1 !!!!

 

samantha benitez's curator insight, November 22, 2014 2:53 PM

helps show the different perspectives of our world and how it has changed. also shows many different forms of mapping our world throughout time.

Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

15-million proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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Hubble at 25: the cosmos at its most breathtaking – in pictures

Hubble at 25: the cosmos at its most breathtaking – in pictures | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The Hubble telescope was launched in April 1990. Ever since, it has been providing astronomers with breathtaking images of the cosmos."

YEC Geo's insight:

The wonders of the firmament.

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Mysterious East Coast flooding was caused by ‘unprecedented’ surge in sea level

Mysterious East Coast flooding was caused by ‘unprecedented’ surge in sea level | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Several years ago, in 2009 and 2010, a string of unexplained floods and unusually high tides struck the East Coast. There was no easy explanation. No hurricane. No winter storm. But the waters kept spilling across the shoreline, from North Carolina’s Cape Hatteras to Canada.

The cause of that phenomenon may now have finally been found. Sea levels from New York to Newfoundland were undergoing an “extreme” surge unlike any other in recorded history, according to a new study in Nature Communications published this week. Calling the phenomenon “unprecedented” and “very unusual,” oceans along the East Coast rose roughly four inches between 2009 and 2010 in a rapid spike researchers compared to a “1-in-850-year event.”

Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Determination of the Radioisotope Decay Constants and Half-Lives: Rhenium-187 (187Re

Determination of the Radioisotope Decay Constants and Half-Lives: Rhenium-187 (187Re | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The uncertainties associated with direct half-life determinations are, in most cases, still at the 1% level, which is still significantly better than any radioisotope method for determining the ages of rock formations. However, even uncertainties of only 1% in the half-lives lead to very significant discrepancies in the derived radioisotope ages. The recognition of an urgent need to improve the situation is not new (for example, Min et al. 2000; Renne, Karner, and Ludwig 1998). It continues to be mentioned, at one time or another, by every group active in geo- or cosmochronology (Schmitz 2012).
YEC Geo's insight:

More technical work by Andrew Snelling.

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Maybe the Sun Doesn’t Affect Radioactive Decay Rates

Maybe the Sun Doesn’t Affect Radioactive Decay Rates | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
My previous post entitled, “There Seems To Be No Question About It: The Sun Affects Some Radioactive Half-Lives” has too strong of a title. There is definitely a question now, and it is a big one!
YEC Geo's insight:

Jay Wile demonstrates how a true scientist reacts to new data that oppose his previous position.

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Jay Wile's Apologia

Jay Wile's Apologia | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
So these days, the fact that my views don’t line up with the scientific consensus when it comes to origins (or global warming) doesn’t bother me in the least. After all, I could be wrong, but as the history of science clearly shows us, that’s not very unusual. A lot of good scientists have been wrong about a lot of things. However, the history of science also shows us that often, the scientific consensus is wrong, and the people who dared to challenge it ended up advancing our understanding of the world.
YEC Geo's insight:

Jay Wile is widely known in the homeschool community as the author of the popular Apologia science textbooks.  At a recent convention, he was asked whether or not it troubles him that his views on origins are at odds with the vast majority of the scientific community.  His answer is a model of grace and humility, and makes some excellent points.

 

Image credit: https://c2.staticflickr.com/4/3362/3546059144_64e632801c.jpg

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Crinoid Pigment: 240 Million Years and No Evolution

Crinoid Pigment: 240 Million Years and No Evolution | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"In his paper in PNAS, Wolkenstein leaves no doubt that he is an evolutionist; he claims the pigments evolved by natural selection. “Structural conservatism in natural products over geological time indicates that the compounds had functions that were important for the organisms that produced them,” he says. Still, he couldn’t help but be surprised at the “exceptional preservation” of these molecules. He used the word “persistent” and “widespread” often in the paper. Here are some other surprising aspects of the story:"

YEC Geo's insight:

I love these discoveries.  There are many pieces of geologic data that have non-unique explanations, but the belief that biologic materials were preserved from destruction over hundreds of millions of years, through all the orogenies and glaciations and structural upheavals that have been proposed for those eras, requires more faith than I can muster.

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Oklahoma is the new US earthquake capital

Oklahoma is the new US earthquake capital | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In California, earthquakes always have been relatively common, but in Oklahoma, they were much more rare – at least until 2009.
YEC Geo's insight:

I'd be interested to know if the seismic activity has increased in North Dakota--there's been a lot of fracking there as well.

 

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Mulu’s fantastical and fascinating features

Mulu’s fantastical and fascinating features | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Mulu limestone complex is the best studied karst area in the tropical world. Under Van’t Hoff’s Rule, for every 10 degrees Celsius rise in temperature, the rate of chemical solution doubles and thus has significantly led to the sculpturing of Mulu’s almost unique limestone landscape.
YEC Geo's insight:

I love geotrekking articles like this one about a tropical karst massif in Borneo, whose karst pinnacles, seen above, are featured in every  geomorphological textbook in the world, according to the author.

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Lithium deposits at Salar de Uyuni Bolivia

Lithium deposits at Salar de Uyuni Bolivia | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Today’s feedback comes from Alfred K. of Australia asking about Bolivia’s Salar de Uyuni and the origin of the lithium deposits there. It is answered by CMI geologist Dr Tas Walker."

YEC Geo's insight:

Tas Walker fits the Altiplano into a Flood model.  Interestingly, Bolivia holds 40% of the world's lithium reserves.

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A Niagara-Class Waterfall in Days

A Niagara-Class Waterfall in Days | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The new study was published in PNAS by researchers who studied helium isotopes at various locations in the canyon. The isotope ratios were so similar, they concluded that the dates of the falls, canyon and rim were nearly contemporaneous.

It’s a bit disturbing to hear them say that geologists tend to ignore catastrophic floods because they don’t understand them:
YEC Geo's insight:

Creeping catastrophism on the march--the floods apparently caused the headwall to retreat 2 km upstream at a "startling rate of hundreds of metres within days."

 

Image credit: http://news.sciencemag.org/earth/2015/02/dramatic-floods-shaped-icelandic-canyon

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15-million-year-old mollusk protein found

15-million-year-old mollusk protein found | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

A team of US scientists have found 'beautifully preserved' 15 million-year-old thin protein sheets in fossil shells from southern Maryland.


Via Catherine Russell
YEC Geo's insight:

The authors state:  "It is remarkable to be able to confirm that these ancient proteins share many of the characteristics of modern mollusk proteins."

 

The sheets of protein are more than 1 cm across.  Seems to me that's plenty enough material on which to do C-14 dating.

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How Do Volcanoes Create Towering Columns in Rock?

How Do Volcanoes Create Towering Columns in Rock? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
They might look like they've been carved by hard, but columns in lava are the product of how molten rock cools.
YEC Geo's insight:

A good primer on basaltic columns.  Interestingly, lava flowing over water or soft muddy sediment helps column formation, and the scale  of the process is not amenable to replication in a lab.

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Carl Wieland retires

Carl Wieland retires | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Carl, we may have written this article but we know it represents the tip of the mountain of respect and appreciation for all you have done. Your colleagues and no doubt many thousands of Christians around the world thank you for your tireless and selfless efforts to advance the Gospel and honour your Creator.

Get some well earned rest in your retirement, “Thou good and faithful servant.” You deserve it.
YEC Geo's insight:

Well-known creationist apologists Jonathan Sarfati and Gary Bates pay tribute to the retiring head of Creation Ministries International, publisher of the creation.com website.  A precis of the YEC movement in one web page.

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Big Bang, Deflated? Universe May Have Had No Beginning

Big Bang, Deflated? Universe May Have Had No Beginning | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A new way to reconcile quantum mechanics and general relativity could imply that the age of the universe is infinite, and that there was no true Big Bang that started it all.
YEC Geo's insight:

A problem for Christians who used the Big Bang theory as an evangelistic tool, as astronomer John Hartnett points out here:  http://creation.com/eternal-big-bang

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Rare sub-glacial water eruption or Jökalhlaup in Antarctica

Rare sub-glacial water eruption or Jökalhlaup in Antarctica | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The first eruption occurred in 1985-86. The new eruption was first noticed as scientists observed springs of flowing water erupting from the surface of the ice during the 2014 winter, before refreezing.
YEC Geo's insight:

Apparently there's a dome under the site of the outburst flood with a lot of geothermal heatflow.

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Fossils Caught in the Act

Fossils Caught in the Act | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Notice two things about these fossils: (1) Each had to be buried suddenly—in the act of eating, mating, fighting, giving birth, or whatever they were doing. (2) The fossils are found like this all over the earth. In fact, these seven are just sample “snapshots” of life that suddenly were inundated by a catastrophe before they could respond; many other examples are known. Put those two factors together, and what can you conclude?"

YEC Geo's insight:

It's almost like a photograph.  I'm a young earth creationist, and I still can't wrap my mind around the thought of a catastrophe that happened so quickly and so powerfully, that it essentially freeze-framed all these animals in the very act of doing whatever they were doing.

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You've got three minutes... Talk about your years of research

You've got three minutes... Talk about your years of research | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Dr. Robin Visser can explain in three minutes how a deadly lung disorder that dooms dozens of newborn babies worldwide each day can someday be cured.

In three minutes? In language laypeople can understand? Seriously?
YEC Geo's insight:

Tweet your thesis, sort of.  Perfect for this day and age.

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Fukushima linked to California Drought, independent experts say

Fukushima linked to California Drought, independent experts say | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Yoichi Shimatsu, former editor of The Japan Times Group, has visited Fukushima since the disaster and reportedly about it extensively. In "Is the California Drought Caused by Global Warming or Fukushima Fallout," at Rense.com, Shimatsu argues that since the Fukushima nuclear reactor meltdowns (3-11), there have been too many freakish weather trends and events to blame on anthropogenic global warming alone.

Via Ton Kraanen
YEC Geo's insight:

Interesting, but I'm not sure if correlation really equals causation here.

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Google Earth Pro is now free!!!

Google Earth Pro is now free!!! | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Over the last 10 years, businesses, scientists and hobbyists from all over the world have been using Google Earth Pro for everything from planning hikes to placing solar panels on rooftops. Google Earth Pro has all the easy-to-use features and detailed imagery of Google Earth, along with advanced tools that help you measure 3D buildings, print high-resolution images for presentations or reports, and record HD movies of your virtual flights around the world."

YEC Geo's insight:

Whoo-hoo!

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Out of Babel--Not Africa

Out of Babel--Not Africa | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Newly published research combining genetic, language, and demographic data challenges the idea of a single lineage of languages and human populations evolving out of Africa. Instead, the data supports the idea that multiple people groups have independent origins—a condition one would predict if the confusion of languages at the Tower of Babel happened as described in the Bible."

YEC Geo's insight:

More of geographic than geologic interest, but I've always found languages, and the evolution of languages, to be a fascinating subject.

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Evidence for Young-Earth Creationism

Evidence for Young-Earth Creationism | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
So, why is there even a debate at all? For a debate, there must be a disagreement, which occurs when people offer contradictory answers to the same questions. Does that happen in the origins debate? Yes. For instance, evolutionists claim that the universe is 13.7 billion years old, and biblical creationists claim that the universe is only 6,000 years old. Clearly there is far more to both ideas, but we can already see that they both address at least one question in common—‘how old is the universe?’ Moreover, the answers each perspective gives to the question clearly contradict each other—they give different answers to the same question. As such, either one is true and the other is false, or both are false (though that’s not really a live consideration). It’s important to go through this to establish that the so-called ‘religious’ claims of biblical creation are claims about the real world, and not something that skeptics can write off as irrelevant to the real world. Even if our answer to the question is wrong, we are providing an answer to the same question about the real world that evolution/deep time claims to answer.
YEC Geo's insight:

CMI apologist Shaun Doyle unpacks the question within a framework I haven't seen before.

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Quantum Fluctuations May Kill Big Bang Evangelism

Quantum Fluctuations May Kill Big Bang Evangelism | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Many Christians today embrace the big bang theory as an avenue for evangelism. They reason that a big bang origin of the universe naturally leads one to conclude that there must be a Creator, thus opening the door for sharing the gospel. However, there is a growing belief that a quantum fluctuation gave rise to the universe apart from God. This belief is based upon several speculative and probably incorrect ideas concerning physics, but it appears to be the direction that big bang cosmogony is headed. If big bang evangelism ever was effective, its window is rapidly closing.
YEC Geo's insight:

Astronomer Danny Faulkner reviews recent developments in the field of cosmogony.

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Fury as California 'sends China water'

Fury as California 'sends China water' | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"It's now cheaper to send alfalfa from LA to Beijing than it is to send it from the Imperial Valley to the Central Valley."

YEC Geo's insight:

The complications that ensue when the effects of California's drought are unequal across the state.  Farmers in the Imperial Valley (right photo above) have lots of water, thanks to an irrigation canal, while the Central Valley is drought-stricken (left photo above).

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Two Billion Years and No Evolution?

Two Billion Years and No Evolution? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
It would seem Darwinism has been falsified by evidence for organisms that never evolved for "two billion years" but some call this a vindication for Darwin.
YEC Geo's insight:

David Coppedge summarizes the reportage on this new finding:

 

"So if the organism evolves, Darwin is vindicated. If it doesn’t evolve, Darwin is vindicated. Darwin can’t lose"

 

I share his skepticism.

 

Press release and image credit here:  http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/scientists-discover-organism-that-hasnt-evolved-in-more-than-2-billion-years

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Don't hike here

Don't hike here | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"In the Psychedelic Dante post, I referenced journalist Kira Salak’s fascinating National Geographic Explorer piece about taking ayahuasca in the Amazon. She said that during her ayahuasca trip, she encountered, and was freed from, demons that entered her body when, against the warnings of the local tribesmen, she climbed a supposedly haunted mountain in Libya years earlier."

YEC Geo's insight:

Kaf Ajnoun, the Ghost Mountain of Libya, reputed to be demon-haunted by the Tuareg people.  More here, including some striking photos:  https://www.temehu.com/Cities_sites/kaf-ajnoun.htm

 

Looks like a classic eroded pediment.

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