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It’s the cold, not global warming, that we should be worried about

You too can donate your radiator and spread some warmth! http://www.africafornorway.com/ Twitter http://bit.ly/Y4NWPH On Spotify http://spoti.fi/Y4NMb8 and i...
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Seriously, the Telegraph (UK) makes the point that old people in Britain are freezing to death as hidden taxes make fuel more expensive.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 


2016:

1.4 million year old chloroplast DNA from deep sea sediments: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/8/615.full.pdf+html

100 million year old mummified bird wings: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160628/ncomms12089/full/ncomms12089.html

1.88 billion year old microbial protein preservation: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160617/ncomms11977/full/ncomms11977.html

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://creation.com/unpermineralized-hadrosaur-bones-alaska

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://crev.info/2015/09/original-pigment-dinosaur-feathers/

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://www.icr.org/article/8805/

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://crev.info/2015/06/more-dino-blood-found/, http://crev.info/2015/06/dinosaur-soft-tissue-surprise/

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=13504, http://phys.org/news/2015-02-million-year-old-mollusk-protein.html

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=12518, http://www.icr.org/article/8059/

2013:

23 million year old lizard: http://www.icr.org/article/7569/ 46 million year old mosquito blood: http://crev.info/2013/

10/mosquito-fossil-with-blood-heme/

46 million year old beetle scales: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23786-iridescent-beetle-shimmers-for-49-million-years/#.UeeXxZwSTbC

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://creation.com/hadrosaur-skin, http://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-rare-dinosaur-skin-fossil.html

160 year old mollusk melanin: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-melanin-jurassic-era-mollusk-tool-cancer.html

Brian Thomas’ overviewshttp://www.icr.org/article/7520/

Archaeopteryx feather: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10235#more-10235

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://crev.info/2013/04/protein-found-in-dinosaur-eggs/

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/03/130327-trilobite-spots-marine-paleontology-science/

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020, http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10065

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/oldbiomarkers.htm

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/3-soft-tissue-in-fossils/

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink (see here for Charles Dickens reporting on fresh squid ink and fresh squid eye discovery: http://observationdeck.kinja.com/mary-anning-the-fossil-finder-by-charles-dickens-1579691341)

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://creation.com/c14-dinos

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://www.icr.org/article/7091/

Brian Thomas update: http://www.icr.org/article/7183/


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Everyone assumes the West will always be fighting over water. Maybe they're wrong.

Everyone assumes the West will always be fighting over water. Maybe they're wrong. | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Cadillac Desert suggested that the West’s chronic water shortages would some day cause societal collapse. Why hasn’t this come true?
YEC Geo's insight:
Really interesting.
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Let’s Vacation in Some Giant Former Mine Pits!

Let’s Vacation in Some Giant Former Mine Pits! | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Twenty-five lakes dot the scenic Lusatian Lake District in northeast Germany, and every one of them was once a coal mine.

You wouldn’t know it by looking at them.
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A Tale of Fire and Water: A NASA Scientist's Quest to Understand the Rain in Africa

A Tale of Fire and Water: A NASA Scientist's Quest to Understand the Rain in Africa | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In 1968, Charles Ichoku was a skinny nine-year-old scouring the jungle in southern Nigeria—a refugee looking for his next meal. A bloody civil war had forced Ichoku’s family to flee their home in Zaria, a city in northern Nigeria, for Nawfia, a village in the south where his parents were born and raised.
YEC Geo's insight:
An inspiring story of loss, resiliency and hope, plus cool remote sensing pics.
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Dinosaurs in Noah's vineyard

Dinosaurs in Noah's vineyard | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The carving, which appears to show two dinosaurs, is on an outside wall of the bell-tower of a fourteenth century church in the Republic of Georgia."

YEC Geo's insight:
Very cool--I hadn't heard of this one before.
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Cook seamount: First manned expedition to deep-sea volcano reveals mysterious life

Cook seamount: First manned  expedition to deep-sea volcano reveals mysterious life | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Among other things, the researchers from the University of Hawaii and the non-profit group Conservation International spotted such wonders as a rare type of octopus with big fins that look like Dumbo's ears, and a potentially new species of violet-hued coral they dubbed Purple Haze.
YEC Geo's insight:
Talk about deep sea fishing.
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How I Rewired My Brain to Become Fluent in Math

How I Rewired My Brain to Become Fluent in Math | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
I was a wayward kid who grew up on the literary side of life, treating math and science as if they were pustules from the plague.…
YEC Geo's insight:
An excellent article for all teachers of science and math. 
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ERUPTION ALERT: Thousands at risk as major Japanese volcano threatens to blow

ERUPTION ALERT: Thousands at risk as major Japanese volcano threatens to blow | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
ONE of Japan's most active volcanoes could be close to a major eruption – threatening the safety of tens of thousands of people.
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Moon Origin Story Collapses

Moon Origin Story Collapses | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In a one-two punch, discoveries undermine the accepted story of the moon’s origin and its subsequent history.
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Mars rover Curiosity views spectacular layered rock formations

Mars rover Curiosity views spectacular layered rock formations | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Martian buttes and mesas rising above the surface are eroded remnants of ancient sandstone that originated when winds deposited sand after lower Mount Sharp had formed
YEC Geo's insight:
The scientists claim the layers are remnants of a time when Mars was "habitable by life."  How do they know?  Layers by themselves do not life conditions make.
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Snake eats lizard eats beetle: Fossil food chain from the Messel Pit examined

Snake eats lizard eats beetle: Fossil food chain from the Messel Pit examined | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Scientists have examined a spectacular discovery from the UNESCO World Heritage site Messel Pit: A fossil snake in whose stomach a lizard can be seen, which in turn had consumed a beetle. The discovery of the approximately 48-million-year-old tripartite fossil food chain is unique for Messel; worldwide, only one single comparable piece exists.
YEC Geo's insight:
I've circled the place in the snake's gut where the lizard was found. 

The scientists marvel that the lizard was preserved, because food gets digested quickly.  They suggest the snake ate the lizard, then died and sank to the bottom of the lake. 

The problem with that, from a uniformitarian perspective, is that the Messel Pit is filled with many such well-preserved specimens, whereas the bottoms of any current lakes aren't. 

Simple logic tells you that something was different here.  Something happened to rapidly remove all these specimens from the decomposition zone, without fragmenting their bodies.  To appeal to existing environments of deposition as a cause of the Messel Pit fossils is a fruitless dead end.
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Dinosaurs and dragons: stamping on the legends

Dinosaurs and dragons: stamping on the legends | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
All the predictions and expectations, with respect to dinosaurs, arising from the creation model, are seen to be fulfilled, while none of the predictions and expectations arising from the evolution model are. It is therefore reasonable to conclude that if evolutionists were not locked into their millions-of-years scenario, there would be no problems about the idea that dinosaurs and man have coexisted on the earth, from the time of Adam, until they, along with many other creatures, gradually became extinct.
YEC Geo's insight:
I love reading about the connections between dinosaurs and ancient dragon stories.
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These coders used 13,000 old photos to make a Google Street View map of San Francisco in the 1800s

These coders used 13,000 old photos to make a Google Street View map of San Francisco in the 1800s | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Two developers, Dan Vanderkam and Raven Keller, had the brilliant idea to take all the old photographs from the San Francisco Historical Photograph Collection and put them on an interactive map. This map functions similarly to Google Street View, except when you zoom in on a particular place, it gives you photos from as far back as 1850.
YEC Geo's insight:
Very clever.
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Google’s New Vacation App Was 280 Years in the Making

Google’s New Vacation App Was 280 Years in the Making | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In recent years, Google and other Internet operations like Facebook and Amazon have changed the way we live through the analysis of massive amounts of data. Inside Google Research, Tomkins was also part of the team that built Smart Reply, a Gmail tool that has learned to automatically respond to emails by analyze millions of existing replies, and so many others are doing similar work with not only email messages, but photos and spoken words and even computer viruses and targeted ads. But it’s worth remembering that none of this is magic-–not even the deep neural networks that are built in the image of the human brain. At the bottom of it all, this is just good old fashioned math. Sometimes, it’s 280-year-old math.
YEC Geo's insight:
The intersection of history, geography, and really big data.
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Dinosaurs copied the body, skull shapes of distant relatives

Dinosaurs copied the body, skull shapes of distant relatives | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
When two distantly related species evolve a similar body shape and appearance, scientists call it convergence. It a surprisingly common evolutionary phenomenon.
YEC Geo's insight:
Yet evolution is supposed to be a totally random process.  Somebody needs to do the math here.  Strongly suggest reading Wayne Rossiter's book, "The Shadow of Oz." http://www.evolutionnews.org/2015/12/in_shadow_of_oz101421.html
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Stalagmites in Indiana cave may record past earthquakes

Stalagmites in Indiana cave may record past earthquakes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Stalagmites rising from the floor of a cave in southern Indiana may contain traces of past earthquakes in the region, according to a report published September 13 in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.
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The Stone Age-a figment of the imagination?

The Stone Age-a figment of the imagination? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Ever wonder where the term ‘Stone Age’ came from? It is everywhere—the supposed ‘fact’ that prehistoric humans used stone tools for over two million years before they learned how to find and use metal. Then they began using bronze, and iron only came later.

But the evidence from archaeology is not as clear–cut as you might think.
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Questions arise after excavation of California mammoth skull

Questions arise after excavation of California mammoth skull | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Scientists at the Channel Islands National Park, just off the Southern California coast, have excavated a rare and well-preserved mammoth skull fossil from Santa Rosa Island, the park announced Wednesday.
YEC Geo's insight:
The oldest human remains in North America were discovered on Santa Rosa Island?
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Global Climate Models Are Improving, But Are Not Yet Useful

Global Climate Models Are Improving, But Are Not Yet Useful | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"In my 35 years in research and development, I have sought to find what is true. by experimentation and thorough data analysis and to propose what course of action should be taken. What is proposed here seems neither a reasonable analysis of the data nor a prudent course of action."

YEC Geo's insight:
In which a Harvard chemistry PhD weighs in thoughtfully on the global warming debate.
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Should the “Pacemaker of the Ice Ages” Paper Be Retracted?

Should the “Pacemaker of the Ice Ages” Paper Be Retracted? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The “Pacemaker of the Ice Ages” paper by Hays, Imbrie, and Shackleton convinced uniformitarian scientists of the validity of the modern version of the Milankovitch hypothesis of Pleistocene ice ages. Spectral analyses performed on three variables from two Indian Ocean sediment cores showed prominent spectral peaks with periods corresponding to dominant cycles in earth’s rotational and orbital motions. Yet there are serious problems with this iconic paper.
YEC Geo's insight:
Part 3 in a challenging series of articles questioning the validity of the almost universally accepted Milankovitch theory.
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Kraken Abyss Table

Kraken Abyss Table | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Kraken Abyss Table is a study in topography from Christopher Duffy, crafted using layers of Plexiglas and sustainably sourced timber.
YEC Geo's insight:
What to get for that geologist in your life who has everything:  their very own coffee table/digital elevation model of the ocean floor.  Sustainably sourced, of course.

On the other hand, the price tag...
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The Dinosaurs of Crystal Palace: Among the Most Accurate Renditions of Prehistoric Life Ever Made

The Dinosaurs of Crystal Palace: Among the Most Accurate Renditions of Prehistoric Life Ever Made | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Often derided, and today somewhat neglected and forlorn, the famous prehistoric animal models of Crystal Palace in London have a lot to teach us."

YEC Geo's insight:
The detailing is certainly exquisite, but the main lesson seems to be how much of artistic reconstruction is really speculation, now and forever...
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Apache may have struck big in West Texas

Apache may have struck big in West Texas | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
.

"Oil company claims it has found $8billion worth of new reserves in a huge shale formation under Texas."

YEC Geo's insight:
They're tricky, but there are still big plays out there.
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Why Science Should Stay Clear of Metaphysics

Why Science Should Stay Clear of Metaphysics | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Moving beyond the terms of the purely philosophical debate, we need to ask ourselves, “What is the criterion for success in actual scientific practice?” Do working scientists reject a theory that is empirically adequate because they cannot believe it to be true? Because it does not fit into their preconceived ontology? Because the physics of the universe must be intelligible to humans?
YEC Geo's insight:
A fascinating article about a school of thought--essentially, humble empiricism--that I was not aware of.  Should be required reading for historical geology courses.
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The odd Siberian rock formations not even reviewed on TripAdvisor yet

The odd Siberian rock formations not even reviewed on TripAdvisor yet | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Karpukhin explained that even the locals know very little about the landscape. The shapes are believed to have been sculpted by relentless freezing and thawing of the granite and surrounding sandstone.
YEC Geo's insight:
Lots of striking photos.

Maybe freeze-thaw cycles rounded the edges, but there's got to be some other explanation for the surrounding flat plain.  Plus, what about glaciation? 

Send in the geologists!
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Wedding Gown Turns Into Pillar of Salt

Wedding Gown Turns Into Pillar of Salt | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
We’re not claiming that this is how Lot’s wife became a pillar of salt. It is interesting that the area is heavily salt-encrusted, though.
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