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Critique of "A young-Earth creationist magmatic model for the origin of evaporites"

Critique of "A young-Earth creationist magmatic model for the origin of evaporites" | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

A Christian evolutionist geologist's critical response to Sjef Heerema's salt formation hypothesis.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://sco.lt/62cNg9 ;

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://sco.lt/7SdFej

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://sco.lt/9D1Zy5, http://sco.lt/7IbqFt

18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/7f9ELB

15-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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Azerbaijan spa treats customers in crude oil baths

"A spa in oil-rich Azerbaijan offers customers a chance to treat their health issues by bathing in crude oil."

YEC Geo's insight:

I guess that's one way to deal with the the oil glut.

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Flood Carries River Monsters Above the Surface

Flood Carries River Monsters Above the Surface | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Texas floods provided an unusual reminder that our buildings and byways are a very recent arrival to this ancient landscape.

Via Bourdoncle
YEC Geo's insight:

Pretty interesting side effect.

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Are 90% of academic papers really never cited? Reviewing the literature on academic citations.

Are 90% of academic papers really never cited? Reviewing the literature on academic citations. | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
“90% of papers published in academic journals are never cited.” This damning statistic from a 2007 overview of citation analysis recently darted about cyberspace. A similar statistic had made the rounds in 2010 but that time it was about 60% of social and natural science articles that were said to be uncited. Neither statistic came with a link to supporting academic research papers.

That lack of support was a problem for me. I did not doubt the basic truth that many academic papers are uncited. But to be sure 90% was not urban legend and to learn the context and caveats, I needed to find the original research paper. I was not the only one who wanted the supporting evidence. So, I dove into Google scholar, searching the disparaged academic literature for articles on academic citation rates.
YEC Geo's insight:

I'd heard the 90% figure before, and thought it odd, especially when most of the Google Scholar geology articles that I pull up have at least 1 citation.

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The Scientific Pantheist Who Advises Pope Francis

The Scientific Pantheist Who Advises Pope Francis | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Global warming research is characterized by an insider’s club. If you believe, you’re in. If you doubt, you’re out. This is also so at the Pontifical Academies of Science where Schellnhuber was appointed by Bishop Marcelo Sanchez Sorondo. The bishop locked scientists with contrary views out of the process, scientists he has repeatedly dismissed as “funded by the oil industry.” Given this, how likely is it that the Holy Father was fully aware of the views of the chief scientist who advised him?
YEC Geo's insight:

I am by no means a knee-jerk Republican, and I welcome criticism of the global industrialist complex, but I fiercely oppose consensus science.  There are too many stories of climate "deniers" who have had their views repressed, or even their careers ruined, with too many similarities to what's happened to intelligent design advocates and creationists.

 

That's not science, that's the tyranny of the majority.

 

See here for a "crunchy con" interpretation of Pope Francis' encyclical:

http://www.theamericanconservative.com/dreher/harmony-communion-incarnation-laudato-si-pope-francis/

 

Although the blogger is a Christian evolutionist, it's hard to ignore the "thickness." for lack of a better word, that a literal interpretation of the Genesis narrative would give to his post.

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Unprecedented Rash of Retractions in Science Journals Is Excellent News

Unprecedented Rash of Retractions in Science Journals Is Excellent News | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
If I'm right that "science abuse" is the correct metaphor for what you see across a spectrum of areas of controversy -- that is, the unjustified use of science as a shortcut to advance a favored non-scientific agenda -- then the encouraging flip side of the phenomenon is the unprecedented rash of retractions in science journals.
YEC Geo's insight:

A good reminder that science is done by fallible people.

 

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Bacterial Flagella—Icon of the Intelligent Design Movement

Bacterial Flagella—Icon of the Intelligent Design Movement | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
After Michael Behe made the bacterial flagellum a popular argument for intelligent design in Darwin’s Black Box, Scott Minnich joined the ranks of the intelligent design movement. Dr. Minnich, a geneticist and associate professor of microbiology at the University of Idaho, takes the argument to the next level by describing how this design paradigm led to new insights in his research.
YEC Geo's insight:

A good summary of the progress of the Intelligent Design movement as embodied in research into the ID icon, the bacterial flagellum.

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California drought: No rain, but 'the sky is not falling'

California drought: No rain, but 'the sky is not falling' | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Santa Ana River is a robust and beautiful sight these days. Five miles west of the Prado Dam in Yorba Linda, the water has cut a narrow channel in a sandy bed and courses briskly over submerged rocks and tree limbs.

Via Grant W. Graves
YEC Geo's insight:

A summary of the complex ecosystem that is the California water bureaucracy, seen through the lens of one watershed.

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The problem of too much coal

The problem of too much coal | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Some geologists have claimed that even if all the vegetation on earth was suddenly converted to coal this would make a coal deposit only 1-3% of the known coal reserves on earth. Hence at least 33 Noah’s Floods are needed, staggered in time, to generate our known coal beds. Therefore a single Noah’s Flood cannot be the cause of coal formation."

YEC Geo's insight:

A valid criticism, responded to by Andrew Snelling with some very interesting hypotheses.

 

See here for the flip side of the argument, two very well-researched articles criticizing the conventional uniformitarian theory of coal formation:

http://creation.com/carboniferous-floating-forest-1

http://creation.com/carboniferous-floating-forest-2

 

And one more for lagniappe:  a fascinating article on the behemoth coal power plant that is the Navajo Generating Station near Page, Arizona: https://projects.propublica.org/killing-the-colorado/story/navajo-generating-station-colorado-river-drought

 

Sample:

"It all seemed a godsend. The Navajo plant would power Arizona’s big canal, the Central Arizona Project. The Native American tribes would get jobs. One of the world’s largest coal companies would mine the coal on the reservation, and a national construction firm would benefit, too. And the Southwest would get an abundant supply of homegrown energy that could support its expanding cities and cool them. The plan would even save the Grand Canyon.

 

“Back up and put yourself in that time frame,” said David Roberts, senior director of water resources for the Salt River Project, one of the station’s six co-owners and the operator of the plant. “It was a win-win for everyone.”

 

How the Navajo plant and Arizona’s water canal would pay for themselves, though, was based on a financially complex scheme, and everyone — from the federal government to Arizona’s water and power companies — had a stake. Almost none of it worked out as planned."

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Fast-growing desert varnish

Fast-growing desert varnish | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Recently, desert varnish has been discovered to form much more rapidly than the slow rates given by Liu and Broecker, as well as many others.

Based on lead from nearby smelters being deposited within the rock varnish, actual physical measurements could be made. Based on smelters operating at three locations from 1870 to 1931, it was discovered that desert varnish accumulated at rates of 28 to 639 microns per thousand years!"

YEC Geo's insight:

Unfortunately, the reaction of the researchers is to invoke short-term acceleration, an ad hoc response that has no basis in experimental results.

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New South Pacific island shows fast forming geology

New South Pacific island shows fast forming geology | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Volcanic activity from a submarine vent of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano has recently created a new island 55 km (35 miles) off the coast of Tonga in the South Pacific Ocean. The new island was formed as a result of a six-week eruption which officially ended on 26 January 2015.
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How 11B gallons of water vanished from lake in 90 minutes

How 11B gallons of water vanished from lake in 90 minutes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
For years, scientists have known glacial lakes can rapidly empty themselves of billions of gallons of water—in at least one case, faster than the speed at which water flows over Niagara Falls.
YEC Geo's insight:

Gives new insight into the power of glacial outburst floods, such as the ones from Glacial Lake Agassiz: https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/NDNotes/ndn5_h.htm

 

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How One Company Wants to See the World in 3D

How One Company Wants to See the World in 3D | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

 

"Maps in two dimension are a thing of the past – or so say the engineers behind Vricon, a new 3-D mapping tool."

YEC Geo's insight:

The screen shots look amazing, but I suspect it's not going to be free, like Google Earth, given the company's talk of "clients."

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Fossilized mating insects demonstrate instant burial

Fossilized mating insects demonstrate instant burial | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The earliest record of fossilized copulating insects has recently been unearthed in China (see figure 1) in sediments from the Middle Jurassic. While much is known of the reproductive behaviour of extant (still in existence) insects, examples of fossilized mating individuals (i.e. showing ‘behaviour’) are very rare. Of 33 reported cases in the entire insect fossil record (e.g. fireflies, mosquitoes, plant hoppers, leaf hoppers, water striders, bees, and ants), 27 were preserved in amber (fossilized tree resin), with only six found in compression fossils, including the one examined here. This new find replaces the previous oldest specimen of a pair of non-biting midges (true flies) discovered in amber from the Early Cretaceous."

YEC Geo's insight:

It was mind-blowing to learn that there are 33 reported cases of fossilized mating insects.  Not only did they have to be buried in flagrante delicto, but the preservation method had to lack  destructive energy.  The first condition invalidates slow gradual burial, the second invalidates a flash flood-typical current of moving water that would tear the delicate insects apart.

 

Clearly more work needs to be done here on the depositional conditions that would satisfy two seemingly contradictory processes.

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Helium is leaking from massive earthquake fault in LA

Helium is leaking from massive earthquake fault in LA | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
UC Santa Barbara geologist Jim Boles found evidence of helium leakage from the Earth's mantle along a 30-mile stretch of the Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone in the Los Angeles Basin.

He claims the results show that the Newport-Inglewood fault is deeper than scientists previously thought.
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The Problem with Proxies

The Problem with Proxies | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Historical geology is full of the use of proxies (indirect indications) to tell stories about continental and atmospheric changes over millions of years. How reliable are they? Let’s look at some confessions in this month’s leading earth science journal, Geology.
YEC Geo's insight:

Includes a quote from a paper on modern sedimentary basins that asks the rather startling question, "Is the present the key to the past?":

 

"While this modern snapshot does not account for differences in subsidence rate or basin longevity, the mapping and quantification of modern basins highlight the incompleteness of the stratigraphic record, and the importance of caution when assuming “the present is the key to the past."

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Can Iron Preserve Fossil Proteins for Eons?

Can Iron Preserve Fossil Proteins for Eons? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
News reports around the world tell of red-blood-cell-like and collagen-like structures found in 75 million year-old dinosaur bones long stored in the British Museum. This news coincides with the release of the film Jurassic World, in which fictional scientists resurrect dinosaurs using dino DNA that "iron chelators" somehow preserved for millions of years.1 Though the movie is fiction, it does refer to a real study involving blood and bone. However, a closer look at the relevant chemistry shows that the iron-as-preservative story may be just as fictional as Jurassic World.
YEC Geo's insight:

Brian Thomas is the foremost creationist researcher on soft tissue, and the author of the recent Creation Research Society Quarterly article on C-14 in dinosaur bones.  Here, he unpacks in a systematic way the problems with the iron chelator hypothesis for soft tissue preservation.

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Three rules for scientists from an autistic 17-year-old Phd candidate

Three rules for scientists from an autistic 17-year-old Phd candidate | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
If you have not heard about them, Jacob was diagnosed with autism when he was two years old. His mother (Kristine) initially followed all the experts’ advice, which ended up meaning hours of therapy for Jacob every day. Eventually, however, she decided that all this therapy was robbing Jacob of his childhood. As a result, she stopped all the therapy and simply played with him. She blew dandelion puffs in his face, listened to music with him, and helped him search for patterns in the clouds.
YEC Geo's insight:

Wow.  I was blown away--this kid has it nailed.  Though, as the first commenter pointed out, it's often hard to do #2 if you do #1.

 

Read more about the amazing story of Jake Barnett and his incredible mother here:  http://www.jacobbarnett.com/jacob-barnett.html

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Britain's 'Oldest' Sauropod and a Jurassic World

Britain's 'Oldest' Sauropod and a Jurassic World | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The same erosion that should have erased the world's rocks and fossils millions of years ago exposed this giant sauropod tail vertebra, giving England's secularists another opportunity to remind folks that the middle Jurassic "Period" began some 170 million years ago. But this story ignores the area's fossils that show no hint of millions of years' worth of mutations, and it ignores rocky clues of disastrous catastrophe that suggest this rare bone was buried thousands, not millions, of years ago. In other words, there never really was a Jurassic World—just a flooded one.
YEC Geo's insight:

Apropos of a certain popular movie.

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Carbon-14 Found in Dinosaur Bone

Carbon-14 Found in Dinosaur Bone | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Secular paleontologists consider it a waste of time to test for C14 in dinosaur bone. There shouldn’t be any. Bones millions of years old, including those of all dinosaurs, should be “radiocarbon dead.” But like Mary Schweitzer said about soft tissue in general, “If you don’t look, you won’t find. But if you do, you never know.”

The Creation Research Society (CRS), an organization of Biblical creation scientists since 1963, went looking. In the spring 2015 issue of their peer-reviewed CRS Quarterly (51:4), they published a special report with results of their iDINO project: an investigation into soft tissue remains in dinosaur bones. (This issue was prepared and printed before the announcement in Nature Communications.) The bombshell announcement is that measurable C14 has been found in dinosaur bones.
YEC Geo's insight:

You can see the article abstract here: https://creationresearch.org/index.php/extensions/crs-quarterly/s5-frontpage-display/item/117

 

Combined with the finding that soft tissue may be common in dinosaur bone (http://sco.lt/9D1Zy5, http://sco.lt/7IbqFt), this has the potential to upend the conventional stratigraphic time scale.

 

One problem is that the results are published in a creationist journal.  Given that conventional journals are unfriendly to known creationists, that's not surprising.  Hopefully, some unprejudiced scientists will take a look, and extend the methodology to other specimens, with the goal of publishing in the secular literature.

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Google Earth weather information out of date

Google Earth weather information out of date | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"As a number of GEB readers have noted, some of Google Earth’s weather layers have not been working correctly and as of this writing the data is out of date. The ‘Conditions and Forecasts’ layer has not been updated since May 28th, 2015. The ‘Oceans Observations’ layer has even older data, mostly from 2013. The ‘Clouds’ and ‘Radar’ layers are up to date – see the ‘Information’ layer for exact date and time for each and for animated versions of both layers."

YEC Geo's insight:

Hope this is just a glitch and not a signal about Google's support of Google Earth.

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"Acknowledging Earth's age is important"

"Acknowledging Earth's age is important" | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

 

Mark Farmer, a professor of cellular biology at the University of Georgia, scolds those who would question the conventional age of the earth:

 

"With the birth of deep time, [Charles] Lyell created a time machine in which we could now imagine a world before humans.Today there are those who reject this conclusion. They offer twisted explanations of geology to fit a view of our universe that encompasses but a few thousand years. They cite their ancient texts as evidence to refute the vast amounts of data that tell a profoundly different story."

 

Unfortunately, Dr. Farmer repeats Lyell's mistake of projecting currently observed rates of geologic processes into the past, based upon Lyell's own  principle of uniformity, which states that the present is the key to the past:

 

"Lyell was intrigued by the ruins of the Italian city of Pozzuoli, whose graceful marble columns bear the unmistakable markings of marine creatures 10 feet above their bases. The only explanation was that the sea must have been much higher and that the land had later risen the city back out of the sea. Either way, Lyell’s conclusion was inescapable: The Earth was constantly and slowly changing, even though in the span of a single human lifetime, such changes could not really be noticed.

 

If it took more than 1,000 years for a city to sink and rise again by only a few feet, how much time was needed to create the English cliffs of Dover, comprised of the remains of countless tiny marine creatures? How many eons must pass for fossil seashells to grace the peaks of the Alps?"

YEC Geo's insight:

 

Ironically, in Pozzuoli, the site of Lyell's uniformitarian revelation, earthquake tremors between August 1982 and December 1984 have raised the sea bottom by almost 2 meters, rendering the Bay of Pozzuoli too shallow for large craft. 

 

However, I have not yet found any acknowledgement of this refutation of Lyell's uniformitarian hypothesis of imperceptibly slow rates of uplift.

 

Geologists now are quite aware that the uniformitarian methodology of extrapolating current rates of geological processes into the past is simplistic.  J Harlan Bretz was in the forefront of forcing geologists to acknowledge the role of catastrophic events in producing geologic effects.  However, as University of Montana geologist David Alt has stated, “To this day, most geologists consider it nothing less than heresy to invoke a catastrophic explanation for a geologic event.”

 

(Image is from the frontispiece of Lyell's 1830 work, the "Principles of Geology.")

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Colorful Dinosaur Eggs Challenge Deep Time

Colorful Dinosaur Eggs Challenge Deep Time | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Back in 2013, ICR presented similar evidence from the journal Geology where an article showcased pigments from marine organisms supposedly 340 million years old. An expert critiqued our article, counter-asserting that pigments like these should last millions of years because fossilization somehow “locked” the pigments behind mineralized walls, preserving them indefinitely. This assertion ignored the most significant factor involved."

YEC Geo's insight:

Yet more biological material supposedly preserved for tens of millions of years.

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More on the dinosaur soft tissue paper

More on the dinosaur soft tissue paper | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Another noteworthy discovery from the current paper is “structures enriched in carbon.” They write, “Elemental analysis using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) established that all these structures are enriched in carbon, in contrast with the surrounding denser tissue/cement.” This raises the possibility of running carbon-14 tests on the samples. None of the authors or reporters mentioned this rather obvious follow-up step. If the bones were older than about 100,000 years, there should be no carbon-14 at all remaining, due to its 5,730-year half-life.
YEC Geo's insight:

David Coppedge goes in-depth in his coverage of the startling new dinosaur blood findings, and challenges the researchers to take the next, obvious step:  C-14 testing.

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Dinosaur blood more common than thought

Dinosaur blood more common than thought | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"That’s right; they call it “encouraging,” as if paleontologists expected this or had not been denying it for a decade. This was the last thing evolutionists expected to find in bones thought tens of millions of years old."

YEC Geo's insight:

Big, big, big, big, BIG....

 

David Coppedge wraps up the coverage of the latest, explosive findings that soft tissue may actually be common in dinosaur bones.

 

When Mary Schweitzer first broke the news that she'd found red blood cells in dino bones, the pushback was immediate and forceful.  See here for articles questioning Schweitzer's findings:  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2694913/, www.sciencemag.org/content/321/5892/1040.2.full.pdf -- the first article is signed by 27 scientists!

 

The elephant in the living room here is the conflict between experimentally-determined rates of soft tissue decay and the dates assigned to the bones by conventional radiometric dating techniques. 

 

To put it in legal terms, when two reliable techniques  directly contradict each other, the least that can be said is that the evidence for  the presumed millions of years of age of the dinosaur bones does not satisfy the criterion necessary for proof beyond a reasonable doubt.

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Drone Rescues Texas Flood Victims: 'It Was the Coolest Thing I'd Ever Seen'

Drone Rescues Texas Flood Victims: 'It Was the Coolest Thing I'd Ever Seen' | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Trapped on all sides by water with their cat and five dogs, the Kastels dialed 911 and waited for help. They didn't expect that help to come in the form of a drone nicknamed "Valkyrie," operated by software engineer and Joshua Fire Department volunteer Garrett Bryl.
YEC Geo's insight:

Drones--they're not just for spying and aerial photography anymore.

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