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Critique of "A young-Earth creationist magmatic model for the origin of evaporites"

Critique of "A young-Earth creationist magmatic model for the origin of evaporites" | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

A Christian evolutionist geologist's critical response to Sjef Heerema's salt formation hypothesis.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

15-million proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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The California drought is so bad that people are basically skiing on dirt in Tahoe

The California drought is so bad that people are basically skiing on dirt in Tahoe | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Thanks to California's historic four-year drought and hottest winter ever, many Lake Tahoe-area ski resorts have been forced to close early this year."

YEC Geo's insight:

Amazing photos--pathetic, and yet really cool at the same time.

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Orbital Ice Age Theory Melts

Orbital Ice Age Theory Melts | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Orbital cycles do not cause ice ages, a new study suggests. Instead, the whole world experienced an ice age at the same time.
YEC Geo's insight:

Yes yes yes yes yes.  Let's start questioning Milankovitch cycles rigorously.  The idea that sedimentary layers can be correlated with precessional variations of distance from the sun is full of wobbles (sorry, bad pun).

 

The Geology article referenced here begins: "Here we address a long-standing puzzle of ice-age climate called the "fly in the ointment of the Milankovitch theory." "  Good job--keep those articles coming.

 

For a creationist critique of Milankovitch cycles, see here:  http://creation.com/search?q=milankovitch

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Exploring The Last Major Colorado River Tributary Without A Dam To Get In Your Way

Exploring The Last Major Colorado River Tributary Without A Dam To Get In Your Way | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
There still remains, in this heavily developed country, a place where a river runs free, unfettered by a dam and surrounded by wilderness. Look towards northwestern Colorado and northeastern Utah. That’s Dinosaur National Monument, with the Green and Yampa rivers.
YEC Geo's insight:

A tour company's infomercial on a fascinating stretch of river in the American West.  Of interest because of its mention of a 1965 rockfall area that's still causing anxiety for rapid runners (see this article here:http://www.nps.gov/dino/planyourvisit/2012warmspringsrapidrockfall.htm )

 

Even photos from 1865 show rockfall scars on the cliff face pictured above.  If this canyon is really tens of thousands of years old, why isn't the river channel completely blocked?

 

Also worthy of mention are potholes perched atop cliffs hundreds of feet above the river.  It's my understanding that potholes are erosional features formed by fast-moving water.  What are they doing so high above the river channel?

 

One last comment.  How did that river erode that cliff face to be so sheer and straight?

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First samples collected from under Antarctica’s blood falls

First samples collected from under Antarctica’s blood falls | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
If you've ever visited the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica, then you've likely had a surprise. The cold, frigid white background cut by snowless valleys is marked by the Onyx river, the continent's longest and largest river, which ends with a five-storey-tall waterfall that spills bright blood-red water over an enormous glacier.
YEC Geo's insight:

Fascinating details on efforts to analyze an unbelievably difficult study environment.

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Suicide By Drought

Suicide By Drought | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Most of China’s most important rivers originate in the plateaus of Tibet and the surrounding mountain ranges, an area known by scholars as the Third Pole because of its plentiful ice. The rivers flowing from the Third Pole -- among them, the Mekong, the Yangtze, and the Yellow River -- traditionally satisfied the majority of China’s water needs. But those waters, along with China’s other supplies, have been steadily disappearing. Since the 1950s, 27,000 rivers have vanished from China. China has only seven percent of the world’s freshwater to meet the needs of about one-fifth of the world’s population.
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First photographs emerge of new Pacific island off Tonga

First photographs emerge of new Pacific island off Tonga | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Tonga's lands and natural resources ministry said last month the island was half a mile wide and just under a mile long. It is believed to be about 820 feet high.
YEC Geo's insight:

Amazing pictures.  They expect the thing to erode into the sea.

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BIFs no longer evolution's BFF?

BIFs no longer evolution's BFF? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Banded iron formations: These markers of the early earth (see picture on PhysOrg) have nothing to do with the rise of oxygen, says geologist Desmond Lascelles.
YEC Geo's insight:

See the third paragraph down. 

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The Globe Is Warming, But Whose Fault Is It?

The Globe Is Warming, But Whose Fault Is It? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

 FMany continue to claim that scientists, who believe in creation and have a biblical worldview, deny that the global temperature has been rising over the past few centuries. That is just not so. A number of articles have been published in the in the past ten years indicating a general agreement with that fact among creation scientists. That is not where the disagreement lies.

YEC Geo's insight:

Dr. Alan White provides a nuanced analysis of a controversial subject from a YEC perspective.  He focuses on the following questions:

 

1.  Is this latest temperature rise outside of the normal variability of the climate?

 

2.  Is the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere the cause of the latest temperature rise?

 

3.  Are the current mathematical models of the climate useful for predicting the future? 

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'Fossil' hat

'Fossil' hat | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
This miner's hat is rock hard. It was found in a mine in Tasmania where it had been covered with water for more than 50 years.
YEC Geo's insight:

I remember making a science project on fossils in elementary school, noting how permineralization occurred over a space of geological time.  Discoveries like this show that doesn't have to be the case.  And it makes sense--permineralization is a result of water with the necessary dissolved solids flowing through something. It seems like it would be more dependent upon flow rate than on time.

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Hubble at 25: the cosmos at its most breathtaking – in pictures

Hubble at 25: the cosmos at its most breathtaking – in pictures | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The Hubble telescope was launched in April 1990. Ever since, it has been providing astronomers with breathtaking images of the cosmos."

YEC Geo's insight:

The wonders of the firmament.

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Mysterious East Coast flooding was caused by ‘unprecedented’ surge in sea level

Mysterious East Coast flooding was caused by ‘unprecedented’ surge in sea level | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Several years ago, in 2009 and 2010, a string of unexplained floods and unusually high tides struck the East Coast. There was no easy explanation. No hurricane. No winter storm. But the waters kept spilling across the shoreline, from North Carolina’s Cape Hatteras to Canada.

The cause of that phenomenon may now have finally been found. Sea levels from New York to Newfoundland were undergoing an “extreme” surge unlike any other in recorded history, according to a new study in Nature Communications published this week. Calling the phenomenon “unprecedented” and “very unusual,” oceans along the East Coast rose roughly four inches between 2009 and 2010 in a rapid spike researchers compared to a “1-in-850-year event.”

Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Determination of the Radioisotope Decay Constants and Half-Lives: Rhenium-187 (187Re

Determination of the Radioisotope Decay Constants and Half-Lives: Rhenium-187 (187Re | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The uncertainties associated with direct half-life determinations are, in most cases, still at the 1% level, which is still significantly better than any radioisotope method for determining the ages of rock formations. However, even uncertainties of only 1% in the half-lives lead to very significant discrepancies in the derived radioisotope ages. The recognition of an urgent need to improve the situation is not new (for example, Min et al. 2000; Renne, Karner, and Ludwig 1998). It continues to be mentioned, at one time or another, by every group active in geo- or cosmochronology (Schmitz 2012).
YEC Geo's insight:

More technical work by Andrew Snelling.

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"Two-tone" twins and the origin of races

"Two-tone" twins and the origin of races | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Strictly speaking, nobody is literally black or white, but their unique story illustrates how the diversity of human traits now found around the world could have arisen suddenly in Noah's offspring."

YEC Geo's insight:

I find this phenomenon fascinating--here are more articles on "two-tone twins" born of biracial parents:

 

http://creation.com/two-tone-twins

 

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/twins-white-black-born-biracial-parents-stirs-issues/story?id=12984334

 

http://www.babycenter.com/0_strange-but-true-mixed-race-twins-one-black-one-white_10364936.bc (amazingly, two pairs of "biracial" twins were born to the same parents)

 

https://uk.lifestyle.yahoo.com/black-white-twins-002034309.html

 

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One of the Most Astounding Viewpoints in America: At the Outer Ring of Hell (but not really)

One of the Most Astounding Viewpoints in America: At the Outer Ring of Hell (but not really) | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
YEC Geo's insight:

That's not really hell down there, it's Death Valley, from the blogger's viewpoint on Dante's Peak.  Personally, of all our family's extensive travels around the US, we consider Death Valley to be one of our favorite places.

 

From a creationist viewpoint, what strikes me is that not so long ago, the whole of the valley visible in the background was once a lush, Ice Age lake.  Another is the enormous, violent upheaval that was necessary to form Death Valley and the other fault-bordered basins of the Basin and Range area.

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Roam the World in (Almost) Real Time

Roam the World in (Almost) Real Time | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"A groundbreaking Mapbox project ushers in a new era for online cartography.

 

On Google Earth, the seasons rarely change. Most anywhere a digital traveler goes, the sky is cloudless and the grass is green. No snow on the ground in Iowa. No fire in Valparaiso. It's a big gap between the world as it is and as it's mapped.

Launched Thursday,a landmark project from Mapbox has changed the summertime paradigm for online cartography. Landsat-live reveals the planet's surface in real time and in stunning resolution, fed by a constant stream of public-domain imagery from NASA’s Landsat 8 satellite."


Via Seth Dixon
YEC Geo's insight:

This sounds really cool.

 

UPDATE:  I've had a chance to look at this. 

 

Cool things:  great images.

 

Not so cool:  It's not a substitute for Google Earth.   You can only pan out or in to a limited degree, so to go from Texas to Timbuctoo, for example, would take a lot of clicking and dragging.  Best way to get to a place is to type it in the search box.  No 3-D view also. And if there are a lot of clouds when the image was taken, they'll obscure the landscape.

 

That being said, if you want to see large-scale, recent images of a particular place, it's a good site. 

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Jacqueline Garcia pd1's curator insight, March 22, 12:47 PM

In this article we are shown the development and evolution of cartography. We can observe the changing geography on the planet and the real time gives us an accurate reading. I feel like this innovation could greatly help us.

Seth Forman's curator insight, March 23, 4:34 PM

Summary: This interesting article talks a lot about modern technologies effect on the popularity of geography. This article talks about how programs like Google Earth have caused a general interest to arise about physical geography.

 

Insight: This article is significant to unit 1 because it shows how GIS can be so influential to not only geographers but to the rest of society.

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, March 25, 12:16 PM

unit 1

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The Lost Squadron--A challenge to "slow and gradual" preconceptions

The Lost Squadron--A challenge to "slow and gradual" preconceptions | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The P–38 Lightning was one of the deadliest planes to come out of WWII. Powered by twin Allison V–12 engines, it had one 20 mm cannon and four .50 calibre machine guns in its nose. Operational from 1941–49, the nickname given to it by German pilots, on account of its double tail, was Der Gabelschwanz Teufel (the fork-tailed devil). They are a highly prized collector’s item; only five were believed to be flying at the time the Lost Squadron P–38 was salvaged —under c. 75 metres (250 feet) of solid ice!
YEC Geo's insight:

Much-commented-upon article on the layers of ice that quickly accumulated over WWII-era fighter planes that had to crash-land in Greenland, despite the generally accepted idea that glacial ice builds up very slowly.

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The enigma of large cratonic basins

The enigma of large cratonic basins | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
One would think that after over 200 years of uniformitarian thinking that the origin of continental basins would be known, but this is not the case. One of the main problems is the failure to understand why the basin subsided to collect all the sediments. It is no wonder that in the preface to a 2009 volume of the journal Tectonophysics, summarizing the progress in understanding sedimentary basins, scientists admit there still is “poorly understood subsidence dynamics of intra-continental basins”.
YEC Geo's insight:

Mike Oard proposes a bolide impact origin.

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Stunning plans revealed for New York's crucial flood defences 

Stunning plans revealed for New York's crucial flood defences  | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Dryline project aims to create 10 miles of parkland and public open space in Manhattan that will disguise essential flood defences.
YEC Geo's insight:

Lots of cool CG graphics like the one above about how it should look.Sounds like a win-win proposition.

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The Drought Fighter

The Drought Fighter | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
One afternoon last March, on a small vegetable farm that Paul Kaiser runs in a particularly chilly valley in Sebastopol, California, a group of agriculture specialists gathered around a four-foot steel pole. The experts had come to test the depth and quality of Kaiser’s top-soil, and one of them, a veteran farmer from the Central Valley named Tom Willey, leaned on the pole to push it into the dirt as far as he could.

 

On a typical farm, the pole comes to a stop against infertile hard-pan in less than a foot. But in Kaiser’s field, the pole’s entire length slid into the ground, and Willey almost fell over. “Wow, that’s incredible,” he said, wondering if he’d hit a gopher hole. The whole group burst out laughing. “Do it again! Do it again!,” said Jeff Mitchell, a longtime professor of agriculture at the University of California at Davis."


Via Giri Kumar
YEC Geo's insight:

Last year, Paul Kaiser's farm grossed over $100,000 an acre, without any weeding or sprays. 

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Eben Lenderking's curator insight, March 8, 5:51 AM

How do you get experiments like this to happen in the developing world, where the local market for quality fruit and vegetable or even organic foods doesn't seem to exist?

Eben Lenderking's curator insight, March 8, 6:05 AM

Very interesting article about alternative farming practices.  Spot on considering this is the U.N.'s Year of Soil.  Our interest in it is how these practices support bees, but for general farm productivity and quality, his results are astounding.


En Ingles.

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What Are Some of the Best Flood Evidences?

What Are Some of the Best Flood Evidences? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
What follows is an overview of six geologic evidences for the Genesis Flood.
YEC Geo's insight:

Numbers 3-6 are the ones that seem to me to be the least likely to fit the standard uniformitarian-actualistic model.

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Hunters Find a Frozen 10,000-Year-Old Baby Woolly Rhino

Hunters Find a Frozen 10,000-Year-Old Baby Woolly Rhino | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In the epoch before striped dresses, the Internet was ruled by baby animals. Likewise, our Pleistocene ancestors were no doubt enthralled by the menagerie of little woolly mammals that once roamed the Earth—at least until climate change drove them to extinction. Now, as their icy tombs melt away, researchers are rediscovering those baby behemoths, and the latest little charmer that’s thawed is Sasha, the baby woolly rhino.
YEC Geo's insight:

Pretty cool--I wonder if they're going to do some C-14 testing.

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Carl Wieland retires

Carl Wieland retires | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Carl, we may have written this article but we know it represents the tip of the mountain of respect and appreciation for all you have done. Your colleagues and no doubt many thousands of Christians around the world thank you for your tireless and selfless efforts to advance the Gospel and honour your Creator.

Get some well earned rest in your retirement, “Thou good and faithful servant.” You deserve it.
YEC Geo's insight:

Well-known creationist apologists Jonathan Sarfati and Gary Bates pay tribute to the retiring head of Creation Ministries International, publisher of the creation.com website.  A precis of the YEC movement in one web page.

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Big Bang, Deflated? Universe May Have Had No Beginning

Big Bang, Deflated? Universe May Have Had No Beginning | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A new way to reconcile quantum mechanics and general relativity could imply that the age of the universe is infinite, and that there was no true Big Bang that started it all.
YEC Geo's insight:

A problem for Christians who used the Big Bang theory as an evangelistic tool, as astronomer John Hartnett points out here:  http://creation.com/eternal-big-bang

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Rare sub-glacial water eruption or Jökalhlaup in Antarctica

Rare sub-glacial water eruption or Jökalhlaup in Antarctica | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The first eruption occurred in 1985-86. The new eruption was first noticed as scientists observed springs of flowing water erupting from the surface of the ice during the 2014 winter, before refreezing.
YEC Geo's insight:

Apparently there's a dome under the site of the outburst flood with a lot of geothermal heatflow.

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Fossils Caught in the Act

Fossils Caught in the Act | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Notice two things about these fossils: (1) Each had to be buried suddenly—in the act of eating, mating, fighting, giving birth, or whatever they were doing. (2) The fossils are found like this all over the earth. In fact, these seven are just sample “snapshots” of life that suddenly were inundated by a catastrophe before they could respond; many other examples are known. Put those two factors together, and what can you conclude?"

YEC Geo's insight:

It's almost like a photograph.  I'm a young earth creationist, and I still can't wrap my mind around the thought of a catastrophe that happened so quickly and so powerfully, that it essentially freeze-framed all these animals in the very act of doing whatever they were doing.

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