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"Now you can explore some of the most famous mountains on Earth, including Aconcagua (South America), Kilimanjaro (Africa), Mount Elbrus (Europe) and Everest Base Camp (Asia) on Google Maps. "
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In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology. Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.
(Image source: Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)
While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show, a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old. In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.
Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:
Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV
550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v
23 million year old lizard: http://sco.lt/5qDwpt
46 million year old mosquito: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf
46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1
70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB
160 year old mollusk melanin: http://sco.lt/6QYbU9
Brian Thomas’ overviews: http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj
Archaeopteryx feather: http://sco.lt/70tG8P
190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX
250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV
Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd
Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7
350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl
C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://sco.lt/5OIu25
Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl
Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl
Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj
China's rapid industrialisation has not been accompanied by a respect for the natural environment - but, as pollution problems become so severe that they can no longer be ignored, engineers are beginning to dream up ambitious solutions to problems created by ambitious modernity.
"Performing major surgery on the Earth's crust" is how some Chinese environmentalists describe it.
"The deluge is terrible and beautiful. A chaotic mess of boulders, mud, sticks and logs in some places recognizable, in others a dissolution into a tangle of gestural marks. The image is a memory of a flood, an imprint of the experience of watching and hearing great rivers of water pouring off the mountains.
In both monumental scale and exacting detail, Michael Brooks Arnsteen has created artwork inspired by last year's torrential floods with Alluvium, now on display at Colorado College's new student space and senior exhibition gallery, 802."
I love when people explore the intersection of art and geology.
Here's a similar article on ten artists' impressions of Pike's Peak in various media: http://www.csindy.com/coloradosprings/ten-artists-explore-pikes-peaks-presence-in-daily-life/Content?oid=2904175
"Did you know there’s a river on the ocean floor? Neither did I.
Here’s how it’s possible: a halocline is formed when waters with different levels of salinity stratify into layers due to differences between density. This allows the heavier, saltier water to collect and flow in the middle of a less salty body of water."
Salt is an amazing thing. Solid salt layers flow like a fluid while retaining the properties of a solid, resulting in the many buried salt domes and folds that have become major hydrocarbon traps for the world's oilfields. There's even a whole field of structural geology devoted just to the structure of salt.
Now we find that salt can cause rivers to be formed underwater.
"McLain said that other paleontologists have approached him to discuss starting databases for other ancient beasts, like the marine plesiosaur. He would like to create a database of dinosaur footprints and trackways, as a way to get a broader geographical view of dino travel."
Yes! A database of dino footprints would be fantastic.
"...So, my interest in the creation/evolution issue grew from a curiosity to eventually a passion. I, however, have not been led to bash evolution, which is easy to do, instead I feel called to solve earth science problems that are presented to creationists by evolutionists. "
Probably the most empirically-based defense available for the reality of a catastrophic global marine transgression--in other words, a worldwide flood. Mike Oard has been studying this subject for over 40 years, and the amount of data that he has arrayed in support of the Flood model is impressive.
"Paris is a city of layers – both above ground and below. Its underground has many new additions, while others are vestiges of the past, often lost and forgotten. Some are accessible to the public, and others have been sealed for an eternity. "
Another lovely geo-travelogue from the blogger at Written in Stone.
Why have astrophysicists changed their minds over latest big-bang announcement?
Scientists attribute the resurgence of water levels to an unusually cold winter that limited evaporation as well as heavy precipitation in the winter and spring.
At least there's some compensation for a hellacious winter.
How did the earth recover from salt on the continents and volcanic ash in the atmosphere?
Mike Oard and Tas Walker respond to two interesting questions about a post-Flood world.
"Cooper presents compelling evidence that the modernists’ claim, that the Babylonian Flood legend is the source of all other Flood legends, is false (pp. 386–396). For example, in the last decade of the 19th century, an archaeological dig by the University of Pennsylvania unearthed a tablet fragment from the ancient Babylonian city of Nippur (figure 1). It contains the Flood narrative and, most significantly, is dated to at least 2005 BC—centuries older than the original text of the Gilgamesh epic. It is written in Semitic Babylonian and is therefore closely related to biblical Hebrew.
Indeed, its phraseology is so close to the Genesis text that its translator, Professor H.V. Hilprecht, wrote:
“… its significance is further enhanced by the fact that in most important details it agrees with the biblical version of the deluge in a very remarkable manner—much more so than any other cuneiform version previously known” (p. 392).
Unlike the many other Flood stories, it doesn’t depart from the Genesis account in any detail and its clear monotheistic theme is additional evidence that it predates all Flood legends of Babylonian origin. It is arguably one of the most precious discoveries ever for those who seek to defend the Bible from the liberal onslaught, and makes clear that the Epic of Gilgamesh is more reasonably seen to be an independent witness to the truth of the Flood as recorded in the Bible."
I've often heard it said that the Flood story in Genesis is derived from the Babylonian "Epic of Gilgamesh." British historian Bill Cooper has written a book documenting evidence to the contrary.
"Cyclostratigraphy is just as circular in its reasoning as its older brother biostratigraphy. No wonder Rodríguez-Tovar wrote in his review article,
'The debate persists, especially surrounding Bennett's second and third tiers [of evolution] and the incidence of orbital forcing determining diverse and complex evolutionary responses, including stasis, speciation, and extinction phenomena in Quaternary plant communities and origination, extinction, and turnover in mammalian species. At the root of the debate lie two key issues: the resolution of the fossil record and the absence of absolute timescales.' "
Yes, yes, and a thousand times yes. The thought that thin layers of sediment can be correlated to small variations of sunlight, all over the world and over hundreds of thousands of years is just mind-boggling in its confidence in the model of continuous deposition.
See this amazing article by the noted stratigrapher Andrew Miall on the uncertainty of assuming continuity in stratal succession: https://duckduckgo.com/l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.es.utoronto.ca%2FMembers%2Fmiall%2Fmiall_bib%2Fpdfs%2FMiall2012.pdf
Miall is one of the top researchers in his field. If he sees many "breaks" in continuity in strata in the field, I don't see how you can ever reasonably correlate strata to subtle changes in sunlight.
"Work done by Dr. Victor Baker at the University of Arizona, uncovered deposits of silt and driftwood located high up the bank along a stretch of river known as the "Moab daily," about 8 miles upstream from town. Here they found evidence for 44 large floods occurring in the last 2,000+ years. These were not merely high water year floods, but were exceptionally large floods, that likely resulted from rain on snow events."
I'd be interested to know the height above river level of those driftwood deposits.
All the supposed 'proofs' for the Messinian salinity crisis are considered equivocal or incorrect by some secular researchers.
More on the theme of salt. According to one of the commenters, even secular geologists appear to be looking beyond the traditional evaporitic model for the origin of thick-bedded salt deposits.
Oxidizable carbon ratio dating is not an objective independent dating method and does not provide evidence for long ages.
Upshot is that OCR dates need to be calibrated against C-14 dating, so their accuracy is only as good as the underlying C-14 time scale.
It is certainly big. But nobody is quite sure - yet - what it is. An enormous hole has appeared in the ground in Siberia - leaving scientists searching for possible causes.
I suspect, that like the Tunguska crater (http://tinyurl.com/d8rku7m), this crater may be enigmatic for quite some time to come.
I wonder if methane gas hydrates, similar to those formed on the ocean floor under high pressure-low temperature conditions, could be involved (http://tinyurl.com/po8jd4d). Especially since both these craters appeared in Siberia.
"According to Anthony R. Fiorillo, one of the authors of the study, “Without question, Denali is one of the best dinosaur footprint localities in the world, but what we found that last day was incredible – so many tracks, so big, and so well preserved.” Fiorillo added “There were lots of invertebrate traces – the tracks of bugs, worms, larvae and more – which were important to us because they showed an ecosystem existed during the warm parts of the years.”
Notice the disconnect between the illustration for the article above and what is actually being stated in the article. The picture shows some dinosaurs quietly feeding on the edge of a woodland lake. But the scientists found, not only preserved footprints, but also insect trails. What woodland lake is there nowadays where such delicate impressions last long enough to be covered by sediment without being destroyed?
Frequent, rumbling tremors beneath the earth may be a common occurrence in California, but Oklahoma has now surpassed the state in the number of earthquakes felt this year—a trend that is surprising geophysicists and raising concern.
"How do you talk to a science buff who has left empirical science and whose mind is full of philosophical speculation? ... It is as if they are suddenly admitting to a ‘Darwin of the Gaps’ model of evolution while we creationists stick to empirical science, and I find this ironic, even oddly humorous."
Thought-provoking article by biologist Rob Carter, on the growing rejection of the neo-Darwinian synthesis by a younger generation of scientists, and its re-formulation into a more nebulous, philosophical concept.
'Medusoid impressions' of the Dales Gorge Member exposed at Wittenoom in the Pilbara are indeed fossil jellyfish.
The significance of the find:
" Obviously, if these ‘medusoid impressions’ are indeed genuine fossil jellyfish, it would mean that fully functioning jellyfish and their planktonic foods existed nearly 2 Ga before the previously oldest arbitrarily evolutionary dated jellyfish fossils."
"Alan Guth concocted inflation theory in 1980 to avoid evidence for a 10,000-year-old universe. For his wild, evidence-free speculation, he may win a Nobel Prize. ... This article reveals that the evidence supported creation when Guth made up his story, and it still does."
Thought-provoking. I never knew that the inventor of inflation theory was trying to work around implications that the universe appeared to be only about 10,000 years old, but that's what the interview referenced here certainly implies.
"Outside Las Vegas’s Bellagio hotel tourists gasp in amazement as fountains shoot 500ft into the air, performing a spectacular dance in time to the music of Frank Sinatra.
Gondolas ferry honeymooners around canals modelled on those of Venice, Roman-themed swimming pools stretch for acres, and thousands of sprinklers keep golf courses lush in the middle of the desert.
But, as with many things in Sin City, the apparently endless supply of water is an illusion. America’s most decadent destination has been engaged in a potentially catastrophic gamble with nature and now, 14 years into a devastating drought, it is on the verge of losing it all."
Discovery inside a diamond in the rough shows Jules Verne wasn’t that far off when he wrote about a hidden ocean in Journey to the Centre of the Earth.
More speculation upon the recent discovery of naturally formed ringwoodite, and its implications for the Flood model. Includes information I hadn't seen before, for example, that other natural forms of ringwoodite may have been missed before because research teams usually polish their diamond discards during analysis, which would transform any existing ringwoodite into another form. Ah, serendipity, the mother of scientific discovery!
"Earth fissures typically form due to basin subsidence in areas of rapid groundwater withdrawal. Fissures have formed in Maricopa, Pinal, Pima, and Santa Cruz counties in Arizona, but also occur in California, Texas, Mexico, and other areas with similar conditions. "
Another cool use for Google Earth, courtesy of the Arizona Geologic Survey--is my house foundation going to crack because the groundwater is getting used up?
"The objections of skeptics that the Angkor temple ‘stegosaur’ carving does not represent a dinosaur are easily rebutted."
I actually found the comment by Patrick G. in the combox to be the most convincing argument for the authenticity of a stegosaur representation.
"Anyone who has played around on current versions of Google Earth will have flicked back the scroll wheel on their mouse, casually zooming out all the way to watch the Earth spinning through space, as real-time as we’d ever need or want for something so apparently unchanging. But distance erases detail and the trip back down to the surface of Google Earth takes users through a patchwork of old and new imagery, stitched together from a variety of sources.
And although these pictures may seem detailed enough to us, they’re actually constrained by limits set by the US government. At least, they were until this month."
What could you do with real-time remote sensing imagery?