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An in-depth look at the history of Street View

An in-depth look at the history of Street View | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Some fun facts about Street View:

 

• The first Street View vehicle(above)  was "Frankenstein-looking" and didn't work particularly well, but did a good enough job to help prove the concept of Street View.

• They've driven over five million unique miles, now showing imagery from over 3,000 cities in 47 countries around the world.

• The original cameras they used in 2007 were 5 megapixels. Now they're using 75 megapixel cameras.

• The main car mount has gone through a variety of iterations, and now currently uses 15 cameras.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

2016:

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue:  http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

 

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://sco.lt/7Yyqa9

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://sco.lt/5VoWyf

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://sco.lt/7SdFej

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://sco.lt/9D1Zy5, http://sco.lt/7IbqFt

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/7f9ELB, http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

 

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

 

2013:

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito blood: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

 

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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Five myths about the Pacific Rim

Five myths about the Pacific Rim | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
So many earthquakes of at least magnitude 6.5 in a week is quite uncommon, even in the volatile tectonic zone known as the Ring of Fire, which encircles the Pacific Ocean. But the dangers of this region remain widely misunderstood, and myths — the notion that animals can predict earthquakes, for instance, or that the government knows they’re coming but hides the information — stubbornly persist.
YEC Geo's insight:
Really interesting insights from a seismologist at the University of Washington.
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From bizarre caves to rocks that appear to defy gravity: The incredible places that make the UK look like an alien planet

From bizarre caves to rocks that appear to defy gravity: The incredible places that make the UK look like an alien planet | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
There are a wealth of out-of-this-world sights just waiting to be explored in the UK including an abandoned WWII sea fort, a prehistoric stone circle and a fairytale grotto.
YEC Geo's insight:
Each natural feature is worth a research project of its own.
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The Mighty 5: A Guide to Utah's National Parks

The Mighty 5: A Guide to Utah's National Parks | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
But I have to confess that I think Utah really takes the cake when it comes to national parks.
YEC Geo's insight:
Truly stunning images by a first class photographer.  Makes you want to just get out there and wallow around in all that erosion.
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Why are we still searching for the Loch Ness monster?

Why are we still searching for the Loch Ness monster? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Long gone are the days of famous explorers, when the borders of uncharted lands were marked with warnings such as “here be dragons”. And yet, many of us, still hope that some amazing, unexpected creatures may be hiding somewhere.
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The environment photographers you should be following on Instagram

The environment photographers you should be following on Instagram | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"We chose some of our favorite Instagrammers whose work focuses on capturing our changing planet."

YEC Geo's insight:
Pretty amazing, and very diverse subjects.
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River on fire: Australian MP says fracking is making it flammable

River on fire: Australian MP says fracking is making it flammable | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
An Australian MP is blaming seeping methane from a nearby fracking site for making it possible for him to set Queensland's Condamine River on fire. In response, the fracking company says the seeps pose no risk to the environment or to the public.
YEC Geo's insight:
Smokin' hot rivers seem to be a thing these days (http://sco.lt/8aq1gH).
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Ice Scours the North Caspian Sea

Ice Scours the North Caspian Sea | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In early April 2016, ocean scientist Norman Kuring of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center found a puzzling image that showed lines crisscrossing the North Caspian Sea. On its own, the image was strikingly beautiful. Shallow waters surrounding the Tyuleniy Archipelago allow you to see the dark green vegetation on the sea bottom. But the question remained: what caused those lines?
YEC Geo's insight:
And also, how long do the scours persist?  Are they cumulative?  Do they disappear and reappear annually?
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River Near Yellowstone National Park Begins To Boil, Sparks Concerns

River Near Yellowstone National Park Begins To Boil, Sparks Concerns | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Shoshone River, near Yellowstone National Park, suddenly and without warning started boiling, changed color and began to emit a sulfuric odor on March 25.
YEC Geo's insight:
And check this video of Geysers Gone Wild at Yellowstone:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DL5vG8uRYe8&feature=youtu.be
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Scientific Regress

Scientific Regress | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The problem with ­science is that so much of it simply isn’t."

YEC Geo's insight:
A must-read article for anyone interested in the scientific enterprise as it is currently practiced.  The author takes a thoughtful look at the influence of peer review, institutional bias, and other factors that affect the reliability of data and data interpretation.  Sample: 

"One creative attempt to estimate how widespread such dishonesty really is involves comparisons between fields of varying “hardness.” The author, Daniele Fanelli, theorized that the farther from physics one gets, the more freedom creeps into one’s experimental methodology, and the fewer constraints there are on a scientist’s conscious and unconscious biases. If all scientists were constantly attempting to influence the results of their analyses, but had more opportunities to do so the “softer” the science, then we might expect that the social sciences have more papers that confirm a sought-after hypothesis than do the physical sciences, with medicine and biology somewhere in the middle. This is exactly what the study discovered: A paper in psychology or psychiatry is about five times as likely to report a positive result as one in astrophysics. This is not necessarily evidence that psychologists are all consciously or unconsciously manipulating their data—it could also be evidence of massive publication bias—but either way, the result is disturbing. "
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How A Strange Internet Glitch Turned This Kansas Farm Into A Digital Hell

How A Strange Internet Glitch Turned This Kansas Farm Into A Digital Hell | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Why people living on a farm in the geographical center of the United States were repeatedly accused of crimes they did not commit.
YEC Geo's insight:
A strange story from the intersection of IP mapping and real maps.
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Scientists Are Watching in Horror as Ice Collapses

Scientists Are Watching in Horror as Ice Collapses | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Every ice shelf that disintegrated along the Antarctic Peninsula has shown the same pattern: summer melting of its top layers, winter refreezing of those top layers into icy crusts able to hold large melt ponds, and the re-exposure of long-buried crevasses.

For all of these ice shelves, the moment of death occurred suddenly."

YEC Geo's insight:
What struck me was the rapidity with which ice shelves collapsed, very much opposed to the geologic bias toward gradualism in natural processes.  Catastrophism rises!
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The alternative guide to the Karoo, South Africa

The alternative guide to the Karoo, South Africa | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Over the years, I’ve taken many visitors out along the river courses and dams up in the mountains of the Karoo. Invariably, the first question they’ll ask me is: “Can I get mobile reception here?” When they realise they’re totally disconnected from their devices, their faces register shock. And then they begin to focus on their immediate surrounds - the landscape, the moment of being out in a sweeping jumble of big mountains, thick bush, vast valleys and along the Little Fish river where, hopefully, they will catch a trout or a yellowfish. And that’s when the magic happens, the stress falls away and the outdoor learning begins.
YEC Geo's insight:
I've known of this area as being an incredible geological wonderland of table-topped mesas and deep ravines, but apparently there's a lot of human quirkiness to explore as well.
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Helium Diffusion Rates Support Accelerated Nuclear Decay

Helium Diffusion Rates Support Accelerated Nuclear Decay | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Rapid helium leaks into space are essential to uniformitarians, but slow leaks are not essential to creationists. If the leakage turns out to be slow, it would bolster our case here. But fast leakage would not damage our case.


The next section offers evidence for a much simpler explanation of the missing atmospheric helium: most of the radiogenic (nuclear decay generated) helium has not entered the earth’s atmosphere. It is still in the earth’s crust and mantle—much of it still in the zircons.


In this paper we argue that the helium has not had enough time (less than 14,000 years) to escape the zircons, much less the crust."

YEC Geo's insight:
Technical article by a former Los Alamos scientist.
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Evolution in Kindergarten

Evolution in Kindergarten | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Writing in The Guardian, developmental psychologist Nathalia Gjersoe laments, "Although it is part of the compulsory science curriculum in most schools in the UK and the USA, more than a third of people in both countries reject the theory of evolution outright or believe that it is guided by a supreme being." Her solution is simple.


According to developmental psychologists, children have an intuitive bent toward intelligent design. Thus schools should begin evolution education at younger ages -- one advocate says five to eight years old. Disrupting this natural inclination will pave the way for greater scientific understanding."

YEC Geo's insight:
Depending upon your outlook, this is either a good thing or a chilling redefinition of the notion of "scientific understanding."
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Flood Tales From the Canyon

Flood Tales From the Canyon | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
These Native American stories are part of a growing list of hundreds of ancient flood traditions all over the world that share common elements with the Genesis account. While details vary, these traditions all share elements of the whole earth being flooded and only a few survivors.
YEC Geo's insight:
Oral traditions of a worldwide flood from Arizona's Hualapai and Havasupai people.  I find these sorts of stories fascinating.

Havasupai Canyon pic thrown in because it's just so goshdarn beautiful.
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Trinity scientists reveal origin of Earth’s oldest crystals

Trinity scientists reveal origin of Earth’s oldest crystals | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
New research suggests that the very oldest pieces of rock on Earth — zircon crystals — are likely to have formed in the craters left by violent asteroid impacts that peppered our nascent planet, rather than via plate tectonics as was previously believed.
YEC Geo's insight:
Interesting--a catastrophic origin, not a gradualistic one.
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Meander? I ‘ardly know ‘er!

Meander? I ‘ardly know ‘er! | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Via Seth Dixon
YEC Geo's insight:
Love geomorphology comics.
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Seth Dixon's curator insight, April 15, 3:27 PM

This is brilliant.  I can't say how much I love this. 

 

Tagsphysical, fluvial, geomorphology, landscape, funart.

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Fossils Sprout New Tales

Fossils Sprout New Tales | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Geology announces a near-record find of original organic molecules from echinoderms."

YEC Geo's insight:
445-million-year-old original organic molecules.  Another one for the side bar, another conundrum for the time scale.

Original abstract here:  http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

What's happening is that more and more researchers are realizing this stuff is out there, so they're looking.  It used to be that the received wisdom was, there was no way organic molecules/tissue could be preserved over almost half a billion years--it beggared common sense. 

"And yet," to paraphrase Galileo's supposed quote, "it exists."
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Intelligent Design Aside, from Templeton Foundation to the Royal Society, Darwinism Is Under Siege

Intelligent Design Aside, from Templeton Foundation to the Royal Society, Darwinism Is Under Siege | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Science Magazine announces an $8.7 million project by the Templeton Foundation seeking an "evolution rethink."


I'm trying to think of the last time I heard Science reporting on support for a "gravity rethink," or a "heliocentrism rethink."

YEC Geo's insight:
Not everyone is happy about this, despite the money.
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Volcanoes tied to shifts in Earth’s climate over millions of years

Volcanoes tied to shifts in Earth’s climate over millions of years | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The study, led by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences, addresses why the Earth has fluctuated from periods when the planet was covered in ice to times when even the polar regions were ice-free."

YEC Geo's insight:
Contains the caution that the study "explores very long-term shifts in Earth’s baseline climate, not short-term or human-induced climate change," but that's only true for old-earth theorists.   For YEC geologists, it's an interesting alternative to Milankovich-based theories.
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New Radiocarbon Measurement Device Promises Faster, Cheaper Date Testing

New Radiocarbon Measurement Device Promises Faster, Cheaper Date Testing | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
What would happen if you could get radiocarbon dates almost as accurate as AMS at one tenth the cost, within two hours? This may become common, if the encouraging announcement from Italy’s Istituto Nazionale di Ottica lives up to its promises
YEC Geo's insight:
A potential game changer--think of how many bone samples supposedly millions of years old could now be more easily and cheaply tested for C14?
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Radiometric backflip

Radiometric backflip | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The 175-million-year dating discrepancy for the Santo Domingo formation is not an isolated case, but adds to the growing list of evidence that long-age radioisotope dating does not give real dates at all.
YEC Geo's insight:
Geologists consider fossil assemblages, not radiometric dating, to be the basis for the time scale. The International Commission on Stratigraphy states, “Geologic stages are recognized, not by their boundaries, but by their content. The rich fossil record remains the main method to distinguish and correlate strata among regions, because the morphology of each taxon is the most unambiguous way to assign a relative age.” (James G. Ogg, Gabi Ogg, and Felix M. Gradstein, The Concise Geologic Time Scale (Cambridge University Press, 2008))

So it's evolution, not absolute dates, that drives the time scale.  But where do the dates for evolutionary assemblages come from?  Scientists protest the accusation of circular reasoning, but what else can you call it?

Another little-known fact is that radiometric dating labs require submitters to estimate the age of the sample. 

See here this very interesting anti-creationist website, where the blogger contacted a scientist to answer creationist questions about radiometric dating, including the suggested age line on the submission form: http://ironwolf.dangerousgames.com/blog/archives/241

The scientist gives what I consider a reasonable answer, including that radiometric dating is not a "knockdown proof of age."  He doesn't address the question of submission forms except to say that it gives the lab "something to go on." 

In the law, this would be called "leading the witness." To me, this is a tacit admission that radiometric dates are not evidence that would be considered in court to be proof beyond a reasonable doubt.

Again, there doesn't seem to be a good answer to my original question.  The time scale derives primarily from evolutionary assemblages, but we can't rely beyond a reasonable doubt upon the radiometric dates that bracket them.  So then why should we trust the dates given in the geologic time scale?
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How British Scientists Got Inside North Korea to Study a Volcano

How British Scientists Got Inside North Korea to Study a Volcano | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Among North Korea’s problems, none are as potentially catastrophic as the one that sits on its border with China. We speak, of course, of nature—of a volcano responsible for one of the most violent eruptions in the past 5,000 years. Mount Paektu, as it’s known in Korean (Changbaishan in Chinese) is still an active volcano, and an enigmatic one.


Western scientists can’t get in to study it, and North Korean scientists who can study it can’t talk to anyone else—until an unprecedented collaboration came along."

YEC Geo's insight:
Talk about strange bedfellows.
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Prehistoric peepers give vital clue in solving 300 million year old ‘Tully Monster’

Prehistoric peepers give vital clue in solving 300 million year old ‘Tully Monster’ | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Tullimonstrum gregarium or as it is more commonly known the ‘Tully Monster’, found only in coal quarries in Illinois, Northern America, is known to many Americans because its alien-like image can be seen on the sides of large U-haul™ trailers which ply the freeways.

Despite being an iconic image — a fossil with a striped body, large tail, a pair of stalks terminating in dark, oval-shaped ‘blobs’ and a large elephant trunk-like proboscis at the head end which has a pincer-like claw filled with teeth — it is a complete mystery as to what kind of extinct animal it was.
YEC Geo's insight:
Never heard of this--here's a link to a picture of a U-Haul truck with the Tully Monster on its side:  http://www.palaeocast.com/episode-63-return-of-the-tully-monster/untitled-2/
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NASA Just Opened Up Access To 2.95 Million Images Of Earth

NASA Just Opened Up Access To 2.95 Million Images Of Earth | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Here are some of the most striking ones.
YEC Geo's insight:
Absolutely astounding images.  No kidding.
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