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If it looks like a dino and walks like a dino, it's not necessarily a dinosaur

If it looks like a dino and walks like a dino, it's not necessarily a dinosaur | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Bird-like tracks in Argentina that were previously attributed to an unknown group of theropods are now assigned to Aves, simply on the basis of radiometric dating.

 

Here's the problem--if morphology is not sufficient to identify tracks as theropodian, how can we possibly decide which of the hundreds of thousands of Mesozoic tracks are birds and which are theropods?  Obviously, it doesn't matter what they look like, only what their age is.

 

And if birds and dinosaurs both existed at the same time, and morphological characteristscs are insufficient for identification, as this article implies, then there's no way to tell for certain which tracks are from birds and which are from dinosaurs.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/7f9ELB

15-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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Volcanic Regions of Victoria, Australia

Volcanic Regions of Victoria, Australia | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"A friend on Facebook asked how to explain another area of the world from the Flood perspective:  "Hi Tas, just wondering if you have any information about the Historic Volcanic Region of central Victoria. Everything I can find all talks in millions of years. Thanks."

"

YEC Geo's insight:

What I find most interesting about this article is the comment from a dissenting geologist in the combox.  Tas Walker, the author of this post, is a PhD geologist from Australia with industry experience.  His response to a truculent commenter is a model of grace and good cheer. 

 

Skimming his blog for his responses to other pugnacious commenters gives a blueprint that any creation geologist--or any blogger, for that matter--would do well to imitate:  be welcoming, positive, humble and err on the side of cheerfulness while clearly defending your position.

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These Stunning Geometric Patterns Were Created From Google Earth Images

These Stunning Geometric Patterns Were Created From Google Earth Images | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Satellite images of our world are incredible on their own. But artist Federico Winer has taken aerial photography to a new level by portraying planet Earth as a mesmerizing kaleidoscope of geometric patterns and colors.
YEC Geo's insight:

I love geoart.  The image above reminds me of stained glass.

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Geologists Have Underestimated Catastrophes

Geologists Have Underestimated Catastrophes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
“The intriguing result is that, in a single event, debris flows transported hundreds to thousands of years worth of accumulated hillslope material into the main stem rivers.”
YEC Geo's insight:

David Coppedge comments on an important paper in the journal "Geology."   Another validation of my theory of "Creeping Catastrophism," which is that geological rates tend to increase with increased observation.

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Volcano in Chile Causes Evacuations, Damage

Volcano in Chile Causes Evacuations, Damage | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The eruption on 22 April came as a near-total surprise, since it had been preceded by only two hours of increased seismic activity, according to Chile’s National Service of Geology and Mines. It shot incandescent masses of lava to a distance of over 5 kilometers. Its ash plume reached about 15 miles high, and layers of ash 40 centimeters thick have been deposited over a large area in Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, threatening to contaminate water supplies and cause roofs to collapse.
YEC Geo's insight:

Includes a video of the eruption.  The speedy pace of this thing is what's amazing.

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Using Google Earth to Teach Math

Using Google Earth to Teach Math | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Petra developed the website in order to help students apply actual math concepts that they see in the textbook to real world situations. He has taught math for over 25 years, and at every grade level, he runs into doubtful students. Word problems, in particular, are often contrived and not applicable to the lives of teenagers.

In order to fix this, Petra created his website that takes an inquiry approach to real problems in Google Earth. Teachers have access to lessons and students can find Google Earth downloads for over 30 activities and instructional materials. Petra wanted his students to learn new skills like problem solving and critical thinking on their own terms.
YEC Geo's insight:

Wonderful and innovative use of Google Earth.

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What did she see by the seashore?

What did she see by the seashore? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
This was originally published by Dickens in 1865, 18 years after Anning's death. It is a wandering tribute: a glowing retelling of her successes and a sad litany of her life's trials, with some meandering down historical trails.
YEC Geo's insight:

What knocked me over in this article on Mary Anning, the 19th century fossil hunter, was the revelation that preserved soft tissue was known to exist even back in the 19th century.  I was astounded to find Dickens recounting tales of fossil squid ink fresh enough to be used in fountain pens, and ichtyosaur eye lenses so well preserved that they were used as magnifiers.

 

See here: http://sco.lt/6QYbU9 and here: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink for more about recent discoveries of preserved fossil squid ink.

 

Conventional scientists have yet to come up with a satisfactory explanation for the ever-expanding list of discoveries of preserved organic material in fossils tens to hundreds of millions of years old (see here for the most recent, spectacular example: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl).  To my mind, this is the single most problematic issue for the old age position.

 

The post title comes from the tongue twister, which,  according to Wikipedia, was created in her honor:  "She sells sea shells by the sea shore..." (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Anning)

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How tweets turned into flood maps can help save lives

How tweets turned into flood maps can help save lives | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
After the Indonesian capital Jakarta was hit by floods this February, related tweets peaked at almost 900 a minute, with a significant number including information about location and water depth, according to a joint study by two Dutch organisations, Deltares and Floodtags.

The team then analysed the thousands of tweets – and others from similar flooding a year earlier – to derive a method for creating real-time flood maps based on Twitter messages, statistics and data on land elevation and water motion.

Via jean-luc scherer
YEC Geo's insight:

Don't think it would have helped Noah's neighbors, but could be very handy at the present time.

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Julie Cidell's curator insight, April 19, 5:03 PM

"After the Indonesian capital Jakarta was hit by floods this February, related tweets peaked at almost 900 a minute, with a significant number including information about location and water depth"

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Antibiotic Resistance Is Ancient

Antibiotic Resistance Is Ancient | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
An icon of evolution is antibiotic resistance. Supposedly, after the introduction of antibiotics in the 20th century, bacteria “evolved” the ability to resist their toxic effects. Since some antibiotics are synthetic, and the body still develops resistance, the story is that evolution is quick to evolve resistance by natural selection.

That story has undergone a challenge by a new study of a previously uncontacted group of Yanomami people in a remote region of Venezuela. Researchers gathered stool samples for study, and found that the people had a wider variety of gut biota than westerners. Among the bacteria were species that had antibiotic resistance genes—including the ability to fight synthetic antibiotics. This was reported by Science Magazine reporter Ann Gibbons, who said scientists find this troubling:
YEC Geo's insight:

I love the smile on this woman's face.  And the little boy, with Western clothing, would look just like any of the little kids at the nieghborhood park.

 

We Westerners tend to equate tribal with "Stone Age."  What if isolated tribes were not always hunter gatherers, but were really groups that had split off from a highly developed civilization because of rebellion, dissatisfaction, or some other reason?  My hypothesis is that genetic research will support that conclusion.

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Volcanic versus Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide: An Addendum

Volcanic versus Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide: An Addendum | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Even if you want to believe that volcanoes can be the source of increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the isotopes will tell you otherwise.
YEC Geo's insight:

Interesting study.  I'd like to know how they dated the Antarctic ice that they drew the data from, though.

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Tambora 1815: Just How Big Was The Eruption?

Tambora 1815: Just How Big Was The Eruption? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Rather than rehash those articles, I thought I’d tackle the context of the eruption — and mainly the size of Tambora’s 1815 spectacular. No eruption in any of our lifetimes have come close to the size and impact of Tambora and once volcanic eruptions get this big, it can sometimes be difficult to really grasp just how large of a geologic cataclysm it was."

YEC Geo's insight:

Hint:  It was really big.

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“600 Million-Year-Old” Sponge

“600 Million-Year-Old” Sponge | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Perhaps this more-or-less anatomically modern sponge should encourage evolutionary scientists to question their presuppositions. The existence of such a modern-looking sponge, like a muscle-flexing cnidarian, so deep in the fossil record suggests random evolutionary processes achieved remarkably modern results soon after life got going and then remained unbelievably stable across deep time.
YEC Geo's insight:

Not quite a Precambrian rabbit, but still very unexpected.

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Raindrop imprints and the location of the Flood/pre-Flood boundary

Raindrop imprints and the location of the Flood/pre-Flood boundary | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Since rain did not fall at least until after man was created, as clearly stated in Genesis 2:5,6, and possibly until the Flood, raindrop imprints indicate that the sediments were laid down either between Creation Week and the Flood or during the Flood. Given the fact that Precambrian sedimentary rocks were often deposited in deep troughs or basins and are very thick, the time between Creation Week and the Flood is unlikely. That leaves only the Flood, which means that even Archean sedimentary rocks are from the Flood. It also means that Precambrian sedimentary rocks are not a record of Creation Week activity.
YEC Geo's insight:

An interesting logical argument.  Makes sense to me.

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Australian Toilets Don't Flush Backwards Because of the Coriolis Effect

Australian Toilets Don't Flush Backwards Because of the Coriolis Effect | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"File under "News to Me": you know that old story about how northern hemisphere toilets flush counter-clockwise, and southern hemisphere toilets (and buckets, drains, and such) flush clockwise, due to the Coriolis effect? It's bogus! Today I learned that while the Coriolis effect is significant for hurricanes, it's not strong enough to make toilets flush in different directions at different points on the Earth.

 

The real cause of "backwards"-flushing toilets is just that the water jets point in the opposite direction. Mind blown. (Mind blown even more because this was the inciting event on a Simpsons episode, and everybody knows cartoons are never wrong.)"

YEC Geo's insight:

Very important revelation :)

 

Plus good science about the Coriolis effect.

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20 things to know about the 2010 Nashville flood

20 things to know about the 2010 Nashville flood | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Five years ago, Nashville was brought to its knees by a flood the likes of which it had never known. Lives were lost and homes were ruined, but Nashville rose above the tragedy. Whether you were a victim or volunteer then or are new to Nashville now, here are 20 things to know about the 2010 flood.
YEC Geo's insight:

Sobering images and insight into the destructive power of water.

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New Earth dawns: supercontinent slowly takes shape

New Earth dawns: supercontinent slowly takes shape | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
"When introduced, the theory of plate tectonics broke away from the century-old beliefs that Earth's movements were dominantly vertical ones with little or no lateral shift," Professor Li says. "The theory has a major drawback: there's no satisfactory explanation for the driving mechanisms of plate movements: things like ridge push, slab pull, slab suction and mantle convection."
YEC Geo's insight:

Interesting article, but I fail to see how the new research will shed any more light on the driving mechanisms of plate tectonics.

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Concealed under Carlisle Cathedral carpet: dinosaurs

Concealed under Carlisle Cathedral carpet: dinosaurs | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Why the interest in mediaeval brass etchings? Because among the common everyday animals and plants depicted, there are two strange creatures with long necks and what appear to be bony protrusions on their tails. Today, we would identify such animals as sauropod dinosaurs. But if the evolutionary story of dinosaurs was true, these creatures should have died out millions of years before human beings walked the earth. How could their images be engraved on a 500-year-old tomb in northern England (centuries before studies of dinosaur fossils)?

YEC Geo's insight:

This is really interesting.

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Should You Follow The (Copernican) Principle?

Should You Follow The (Copernican) Principle? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Instead, The Principle is a defense of an absolute geocentric model, in which the entire universe moves around the Earth. This form of geocentric belief has gained some popularity in recent years, but we at Answers in Genesis are opposed to it. Nor does The Principle explicitly endorse a recent creation, as some people have claimed. This movie appears to be an attempt to enlist people into the geocentric movement. Therefore, given the questionable practices of the producers and the commitment to Roman Catholic teaching of the executive producer, we cannot endorse this film and we recommend caution to the people who view it.
YEC Geo's insight:

Astronomer Danny Faulkner disapprovingly reviews a recent movie by Robert Sungenis which attempts to confirm geocentrism.

 

Personally, I don't think the Catholic faith of the producers should have anything to do with the scientific merit of the evidence presented. 

 

Like Faulkner, I do not like the way that the sources in the movie appear to have been misled as to the purpose of the film.  However, I find it ironic that Dr. Faulkner, whom I very much respect, would object to that tactic, given that there are many Protestant creationist productions that have followed that playbook.

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Age of the time dilated universe

Age of the time dilated universe | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In creation time dilation cosmologies (e.g. Humphreys and Hartnett), while the earth experiences less than 10,000 years of recorded history (God’s time clock), millions, and possibly billions, of years pass in the distant universe.

In these models, one of the major questions is “What is the maximum apparent age that should be used to characterize the universe?” Should we accept the apparent age of the universe of 13.82 x109 years as determined by the European Space Agency based on the recent PLANCK space telescope results?
YEC Geo's insight:

I admit that cosmological arguments for the earth's age are way beyond my pay grade, but I present them here for those who have a better handle on such things.

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Study: Gas Activities "Most Likely" Caused Texas Quakes

Study: Gas Activities "Most Likely" Caused Texas Quakes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
More than two dozen small earthquakes during that period rattled residents near Reno and Azle, towns atop the gas-rich Barnett Shale, and put pressure on Texas oil and gas regulators to address concerns about man-made temblors. A combination of industry activities likely caused the phenomenon, according to a study published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications.

More specifically, according to the research, operators’ withdrawal of brine – naturally salty water removed during oil and gas drilling – and the high-pressure injection of huge volumes of wastewater from gas wells were to blame.

Mapping two intersecting faults in the area, scientists from Southern Methodist University, the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Texas at Austin found that the interplay of those gas activities likely altered fluid pressure underground, unleashing the quakes.
YEC Geo's insight:

Makes sense to me.

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Intact Proteins Found in Fossils That Are Supposedly 8-18 Million Years Old

Intact Proteins Found in Fossils That Are Supposedly 8-18 Million Years Old | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Recently, I ran across a very interesting study that adds to the list of surprises for those who think that some fossils are millions of years old. The authors were analyzing the fossilized shells of an extinct group of marine mollusks from the genus Ecphora. Unlike many mollusk groups, the fossilized shells of the Ecphora are colored reddish-brown. The authors decided to find out what produces this colorization, so they soaked the fossils in weak acid to remove the minerals. What remained were thin sheets of organic residue that had all the characteristics one would expect if they were made of proteins.
YEC Geo's insight:

Another for the list on the left there.

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Geology Jokes

Geology Jokes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Watson: Holmes! What kind of rock is this!
Holmes: Sedimentary, my dear Watson.

YEC Geo's insight:

Wish I'd thought of that one.  More at the link, if you can handle it.

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Physical Difficulties with Hugh Ross’ Local Flood Model

Physical Difficulties with Hugh Ross’ Local Flood Model | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Hugh Ross is a prominent advocate of progressive creation, day age, and a local flood. Others have critiqued Ross’ flood model from a biblical perspective (Chaffey and Lisle 2008, pp. 81–106; Van Bebber and Taylor 1995, pp. 55–59). For that matter, more than a half century ago Whitcomb and Morris (1961) provided an exhaustive refutation of the local flood model. It is not my intention to review the biblical difficulties with the local flood model here. However, few, if any, have pointed out serious physical problems with Ross’ local flood model. In his recent book on Genesis (Ross 2014) Ross discussed his local flood model in more detail than he had previously, so now is an opportune time to examine his flood model for its physical shortcomings.
YEC Geo's insight:

Here's the thing:  the old earth-evolution paradigm is one model, and the young earth-special creation is another.  Take one or the other, but don't try to mash them up, because they don't play well together.

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What if there was a megadisaster?

What if there was a megadisaster? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Precipitation-induced inland flood causes more property damage in the United States than any other natural disaster. On average, the U.S. experiences ground-up losses from precipitation-induced inland flood of more than $25 billion annually, according to the AIR Inland Flood Model.
YEC Geo's insight:

Really slick use of GIS and charting technology.

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Kamchatka Tourism

Kamchatka Tourism | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Valley of Geysers — the volcano canyon of about 2 km width and slightly over 4 km length — is one of the best attractions of the Kronotsky Reserve. About 20 large geysers and many springs intermittently spouting fountains of hot water (water temperature is higher than 95°С) or steam are located in this area. Some geysers spout fountains every 10-12 minutes, some – once per 4-5 hours. Since 1993 the reserve is open for tourists.

 

Experienced travelers say that the safe place in the Valley of Geysers can be distinguished by growing wormwood. Wormwood grows in the place where there is neither overheated water nor other nuisances.

YEC Geo's insight:

Please, please, please can I go to Kamchatka?  This Russian tourist page looks so fascinating.  I want to go to a place where the presence of wormwood shows you where there is no overheated water nor other nuisances!

 

 

Image credit:"Valley of the Geysers" by Robert Nunn from London, UK - flickr.com. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Valley_of_the_Geysers.jpg#/media/File:Valley_of_the_Geysers.jpg

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America's massive methane mystery: Unexplained hotspot over Southwest

America's massive methane mystery: Unexplained hotspot over Southwest | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A small 'hot spot' in the U.S. Southwest is responsible for producing the largest concentration of the greenhouse gas methane seen over the United States - and nobody knows why.
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