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Luscious LIDAR

Luscious LIDAR | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
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Callan Bentley at Mountain Beltway illustrates the detailed resolution of the LIDAR data available for draping over Google Earth.  Just wish they had this for the entire planet.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:


2017:


200 million year old organic plant molecules: https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0224-5/MediaObjects/41559_2017_224_MOESM1_ESM.pdf


66-million year old dinosaur bone cell: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mark_Armitage2/publication/289686201_Preservation_of_Triceratops_horridus_Tissue_Cells_from_the_Hell_Creek_Formation_MT/links/57ad0e1a08ae3765c3bb0cf7.pdf


15-45 million year old mammal blood: https://academic.oup.com/jme/article/3073510/Fossilized-Mammalian-Erythrocytes-Associated-With


146-100 milllion year old bird tendon and cartilage-like tissues: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14779


195 million year old dinosaur blood:  http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14220


80 million year old brachylophosaur protein: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170123145210.htm


2016:

130 million year old bird melanosomes: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/11/16/1617168113.abstract

75 million year old keratin: http://phys.org/news/2016-11-dinosaur-claw-sheath-proteins-million.html

120 million year old Psittacosaurus pigment and protein:  http://www.icr.org/article/9595/

1.4 million year old chloroplast DNA from deep sea sediments: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/8/615.full.pdf+html

100 million year old mummified bird wings: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160628/ncomms12089/full/ncomms12089.html

1.88 billion year old microbial protein preservation: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160617/ncomms11977/full/ncomms11977.html

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://creation.com/unpermineralized-hadrosaur-bones-alaska

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://crev.info/2015/09/original-pigment-dinosaur-feathers/

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://www.icr.org/article/8805/

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://crev.info/2015/06/more-dino-blood-found/, http://crev.info/2015/06/dinosaur-soft-tissue-surprise/

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=13504, http://phys.org/news/2015-02-million-year-old-mollusk-protein.html

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=12518, http://www.icr.org/article/8059/

2013:

23 million year old lizard: http://www.icr.org/article/7569/ 46 million year old mosquito blood: http://crev.info/2013/

46 million year old mosquito blood: http://www.pnas.org/content/110/46/18496.abstract

49 million year old beetle scales: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23786-iridescent-beetle-shimmers-for-49-million-years/#.UeeXxZwSTbC

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://creation.com/hadrosaur-skin, http://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-rare-dinosaur-skin-fossil.html

160 year old mollusk melanin: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-melanin-jurassic-era-mollusk-tool-cancer.html

Brian Thomas’ overviews: http://www.icr.org/article/7520/

Archaeopteryx feather: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10235#more-10235

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://crev.info/2013/04/protein-found-in-dinosaur-eggs/

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/03/130327-trilobite-spots-marine-paleontology-science/

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020, http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10065

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/oldbiomarkers.htm

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/3-soft-tissue-in-fossils/

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink (see here for Charles Dickens reporting on fresh squid ink and fresh squid eye discovery: http://observationdeck.kinja.com/mary-anning-the-fossil-finder-by-charles-dickens-1579691341)

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://creation.com/c14-dinos

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://www.icr.org/article/7091/

Brian Thomas update: http://www.icr.org/article/7183/


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Messinian salinity crisis questioned

Messinian salinity crisis questioned | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"What especially made the Messinian salinity crisis controversial was that Hsü and colleagues considered the event rapid. In fact, the dreaded term “catastrophic” was applied.'

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Longest recorded fossil drag mark

Longest recorded fossil drag mark | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A remarkable drag mark, 8.5 m (28 ft) long, has been located in the renowned Solnhofen Limestone deposit, Germany.
YEC Geo's insight:
How quickly would that mark have to have been covered, to prevent it from being eroded?
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Massive caves in southern Brazil are actually ancient ground sloth burrows

Massive caves in southern Brazil are actually ancient ground sloth burrows | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The massive burrows are estimated to be at least 8-10,000 years old, and there’s no known geologic process that can explain how they got here. Thankfully, a glance at the walls quickly clears the mystery — massive claw marks line the walls and ceilings of the tunnels.
YEC Geo's insight:
Really interesting!  Yet these things are supposed to have survived without collapsing for 8-10,000 years?
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End-Permian Extinction Due to Contact Metamorphism?

End-Permian Extinction Due to Contact Metamorphism? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Here’s a novel take on the Siberian Traps and the End-Permian extinction: 'Massive underground magma pulse caused the world’s largest mass-extinction'"

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The Supervolcano Under Yellowstone Is Alive and Kicking

The Supervolcano Under Yellowstone Is Alive and Kicking | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The wind shifts. The stench of rotten eggs makes it nearly impossible to breathe and the hot fog clouds my view. I hold my breath…
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An inside look at the newest inside look.
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Earth movements and uniformitarianism

Earth movements and uniformitarianism | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Charles Lyell (1797-1895) was the first proponent of the principle of uniformity, which states that the present is the key to the past.  This has been used by countless geologists to quantify deep time by projecting current, slow observable rates of geological processes into the past.


The ruins of the Italian city of Pozzuoli were an important spur to Lyell's uniformitariansm, because some of the marble columns in the ruins have the borings of  marine creatures 10 feet above their bases. It was obvious to Lyell, therefore, that the sea level had changed since those markings were created.


Lyell's error was to assume that the sea level change was gradual and constant, thus resulting in a slow rate when measured over the 1000-year existence of the ruins.  He then reasoned that the creation of other geological features, such as the Alps or the cliffs of Dover, must also have been slow and gradual.


However, in Pozzuoli, the site of Lyell's uniformitarian revelation, earthquake tremors between August 1982 and December 1984 raised the sea bottom by almost 2 meters, rendering the Bay of Pozzuoli too shallow for large craft. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pozzuoli)  At that rate, it would have taken less than ten years for the marble columns to have emerged from the sea.


I have not yet found  acknowledgement anywhere of this refutation of Lyell's uniformitarian hypothesis of imperceptibly slow rates of uplift.

And while geologists now are quite aware that the uniformitarian methodology of extrapolating current rates of geological processes into the past is simplistic, as University of Montana geologist David Alt puts it, “To this day, most geologists consider it nothing less than heresy to invoke a catastrophic explanation for a geologic event.”

  

(Image is from the frontispiece of Lyell's 1830 work, the "Principles of Geology.")

YEC Geo's insight:
Worth re-posting in light of the recent earthquake in Kos.
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YEC Geo's curator insight, June 14, 2015 6:22 PM

 

Ironically, in Pozzuoli, the site of Lyell's uniformitarian revelation, earthquake tremors between August 1982 and December 1984 have raised the sea bottom by almost 2 meters, rendering the Bay of Pozzuoli too shallow for large craft. 

 

However, I have not yet found any acknowledgement of this refutation of Lyell's uniformitarian hypothesis of imperceptibly slow rates of uplift.

 

Geologists now are quite aware that the uniformitarian methodology of extrapolating current rates of geological processes into the past is simplistic.  J Harlan Bretz was in the forefront of forcing geologists to acknowledge the role of catastrophic events in producing geologic effects.  However, as University of Montana geologist David Alt has stated, “To this day, most geologists consider it nothing less than heresy to invoke a catastrophic explanation for a geologic event.”

 

(Image is from the frontispiece of Lyell's 1830 work, the "Principles of Geology.")

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Researchers Crack the Secret of the Moving Rocks of Death Valley

Researchers Crack the Secret of the Moving Rocks of Death Valley | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The mysterious moving rocks of Death Valley have long perplexed scientists and the general public. Finally, we now know their secret.
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Newly Discovered Sixth Extinction Rewrites Geology

Newly Discovered Sixth Extinction Rewrites Geology | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
" Geology students memorize the rock system names found on geologic column diagrams, learn age assignments, typical fossils, and the five worldwide animal extinction events. Now, secular researchers reveal a sixth extinction near the top of Earth’s rock layers, and it coincides with three other large-scale features all poised to reshape the way biblical geologists think about the Genesis Flood."
YEC Geo's insight:
Highlights the growing influence of the Paleobiology Database.
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Fossil-Finding 101: How to Spot the Right Rocks

Fossil-Finding 101: How to Spot the Right Rocks | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A question that members of the research team often get regarding our work in the South Australian outback is simply how we know where to excavate fossil beds. It’s a good question—an important aspect of the paleontological process is simply identifying the best places to look for fossils. If we see enough of the indications that signal there are fossiliferous beds nearby, we can be confident enough to begin the excavation processes. Here are some of the signs.
YEC Geo's insight:
Check the incredible ripples.  Would you expect to go to a beach tomorrow and see preserved in the wet sand the same ripples that you saw today?  And yet, these are petrified ripples, easily identified as such.  Something must have happened to cover them with enough sediment to preserve them, while being gentle enough to keep from eroding them. 
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Noah's Flood helped form escarpments

Noah's Flood helped form escarpments | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Coastal great escarpments separate a high plateau (an erosion or planation surface) from a coastal plain.

They are one of the most significant topographical features found on earth."

YEC Geo's insight:
Judge for yourself which explanation is more reasonable.
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The Birthplace of the United States : Image of the Day

The Birthplace of the United States : Image of the Day | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Situated between the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers, Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by William Penn as the seat of a Quaker colony. Later, its location just upstream of the Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean made it an industrial, commercial, and cultural hub of the American colonies.
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It's the petrol of the electric-powered auto world.

It's the petrol of the electric-powered auto world. | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Whether you’re scrolling through cat memes on your phone, writing a glowing Game of Thrones review on your laptop, or running out to grab a coffee in your electric car, modern life relies on lithium — most likely, lithium mined in Australia or Chile. But a new study suggests future electronic devices could be powered by lithium from an explosive source here in America: supervolcanoes.
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Geologists warn us about dangerous volcanoes. Will we spend pennies for warnings?

Geologists warn us about dangerous volcanoes. Will we spend pennies for warnings? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The National Volcano Early Warning System (NVEWS) is a proposed national-scale plan to ensure that volcanoes are monitored at levels commensurate to their threats.
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The most beautiful country in the world that you're not supposed to visit

The most beautiful country in the world that you're not supposed to visit | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
There are niche travel destinations, there are far-out travel destinations, and there are travel destinations which are so beyond the obvious that you have to seek them on a map to check if they really exist. Chad is one of those places, an African country which sits a long way down on the list of African countries you are ever likely to wish to visit. And yet – for the truly intrepid, there is much to enjoy in a place where the beaten path is just an ethereal concept.
YEC Geo's insight:
Joining Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Mongolia as sketchy yet fascinating geologic wonderlands on my bucket list.
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Changing paradigms in stratigraphy

Changing paradigms in stratigraphy | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Researchers examining the self-similar properties of sedimentary layering arrive at startling conclusions that appear to invalidate two centuries of stratigraphy.
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Researchers crack the ‘Karakoram anomaly’

Researchers crack the ‘Karakoram anomaly’ | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
“While most glaciers are retreating as a result of global warming, the glaciers of the Karakoram range in South Asia are stable or even growing,” explains Professor Fowler, Professor of Climate Change Impacts at Newcastle University.
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Fossil Plants Contain Original Molecules

Fossil Plants Contain Original Molecules | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Researchers shined a laser light on fossil leaves and found some surprising results. Instead of mere impressions of leaves, the fossils turned out to contain original molecules—persisting after millions of supposed years.
YEC Geo's insight:
This the sixth discovery I've seen reported this year on millions-of-years-old preserved organic material.
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Study: ‘glaciers don’t need periods of warming to trigger retreat’

Study: ‘glaciers don’t need periods of warming to trigger retreat’ | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"A new model yields insights into glaciers' retreats and advances, shows cyclic nature of tidewater glaciers."

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Creationists’ Power to Predict

Creationists’ Power to Predict | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Creationists have made several successful scientific predictions over the past few decades, but three stand out in the fields of astronomy, geophysics, and geology for their precision and accuracy.
YEC Geo's insight:
Really important.  People think that methodological naturalism is the "safest" way to do science, but operational atheism has led to a lot of muffs, especially in geology (#Missoulaflood). 

Highly recommend the book "Naturalism and its Alternatives in Scientific Methodologies," by Jonathan Bartlett & Eric Holloway (http://www.blythinstitute.org/site/sections/66)  It's a great introduction to the philosophical underpinnings of today's operational science methods, and an expose of how and where science has been adversely affected by that framework.
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10-year-old boy trips over 1.2M-year-old fossil in desert

10-year-old boy trips over 1.2M-year-old fossil in desert | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A boy's misstep on a family hike in New Mexico has given the world a prehistoric wonder. Jude Sparks, 10, discovered a fossilized elephant-like creature called a stegomastodon.
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Did a lake exist under Laurentide Ice Sheet ?

Did a lake exist under Laurentide Ice Sheet ? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Do sediment samples from Great Slave Lake point to a lake existing under the Laurentide Ice Sheet?
YEC Geo's insight:
I find most interesting the lack of support for multiple ice ages in the subglacial sediments.
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Lyell's Slow-and-Gradual Geology Is No Longer Tenable

Lyell's Slow-and-Gradual Geology Is No Longer Tenable | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The latest study published in the journal titled American Scientists is an article titled “Reexamining Lyell’s Laws” by New York Professor Michael Rampino. The article opines that “Increasing evidence points to the role of periodic catastrophes in the shaping Earth’s history, challenging long-standing dogma within geology.”
YEC Geo's insight:
Rampino is no creationist, but has been an advocate of what, for lack of a better word, is more akin to Stephen Jay Gould's punctualism--see here, for example: https://phys.org/news/2010-11-darwin-theory-gradual-evolution-geological.html
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How seawater strengthens ancient Roman concrete

How seawater strengthens ancient Roman concrete | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Around A.D. 79, Roman author Pliny the Elder wrote in his Naturalis Historia that concrete structures in harbors, exposed to the constant assault of the saltwater waves, become "a single stone mass, impregnable to the waves and every day stronger."
YEC Geo's insight:
Fascinating--I think it has implications for how sediments could have lithified underwater under a global cataclysm.  After all, concrete is just manmade sandstone.
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The Appalachian Mountains are young

The Appalachian Mountains are young | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

“Conventional wisdom holds that the southern Appalachian Mountains have not experienced a significant phase of tectonic forcing for >200 myr; yet, they share many characteristics with tectonically active settings, including locally high topographic relief, steep slopes, incised river gorges, and frequent mass-wasting."

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