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The deep roots of catastrophe

The deep roots of catastrophe | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A University of Utah seismologist analyzed seismic waves that bombarded Earth's core, and believes he got a look at the earliest roots of Earth's most cataclysmic kind of volcanic eruption. But don't worry.
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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:


2017:


66-million year old dinosaur bone cell: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mark_Armitage2/publication/289686201_Preservation_of_Triceratops_horridus_Tissue_Cells_from_the_Hell_Creek_Formation_MT/links/57ad0e1a08ae3765c3bb0cf7.pdf


15-45 million year old mammal blood: https://academic.oup.com/jme/article/3073510/Fossilized-Mammalian-Erythrocytes-Associated-With


146-100 milllion year old bird tendon and cartilage-like tissues: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14779


195 million year old dinosaur blood:  http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14220


80 million year old brachylophosaur protein: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170123145210.htm


2016:

130 million year old bird melanosomes: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/11/16/1617168113.abstract

75 million year old keratin: http://phys.org/news/2016-11-dinosaur-claw-sheath-proteins-million.html

120 million year old Psittacosaurus pigment and protein:  http://www.icr.org/article/9595/

1.4 million year old chloroplast DNA from deep sea sediments: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/8/615.full.pdf+html

100 million year old mummified bird wings: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160628/ncomms12089/full/ncomms12089.html

1.88 billion year old microbial protein preservation: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160617/ncomms11977/full/ncomms11977.html

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://creation.com/unpermineralized-hadrosaur-bones-alaska

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://crev.info/2015/09/original-pigment-dinosaur-feathers/

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://www.icr.org/article/8805/

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://crev.info/2015/06/more-dino-blood-found/, http://crev.info/2015/06/dinosaur-soft-tissue-surprise/

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=13504, http://phys.org/news/2015-02-million-year-old-mollusk-protein.html

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=12518, http://www.icr.org/article/8059/

2013:

23 million year old lizard: http://www.icr.org/article/7569/ 46 million year old mosquito blood: http://crev.info/2013/

46 million year old mosquito blood: http://www.pnas.org/content/110/46/18496.abstract

49 million year old beetle scales: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23786-iridescent-beetle-shimmers-for-49-million-years/#.UeeXxZwSTbC

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://creation.com/hadrosaur-skin, http://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-rare-dinosaur-skin-fossil.html

160 year old mollusk melanin: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-melanin-jurassic-era-mollusk-tool-cancer.html

Brian Thomas’ overviews: http://www.icr.org/article/7520/

Archaeopteryx feather: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10235#more-10235

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://crev.info/2013/04/protein-found-in-dinosaur-eggs/

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/03/130327-trilobite-spots-marine-paleontology-science/

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020, http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10065

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/oldbiomarkers.htm

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/3-soft-tissue-in-fossils/

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink (see here for Charles Dickens reporting on fresh squid ink and fresh squid eye discovery: http://observationdeck.kinja.com/mary-anning-the-fossil-finder-by-charles-dickens-1579691341)

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://creation.com/c14-dinos

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://www.icr.org/article/7091/

Brian Thomas update: http://www.icr.org/article/7183/


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Antibiotic Resistance Didn't Evolve; It Was Borrowed

Antibiotic Resistance Didn't Evolve; It Was Borrowed | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Who would have thought that the very organisms that produce antibiotics also produce resistance genes to fight them? And who would have thought that they can share that pre-existing genetic information with disease germs?
YEC Geo's insight:
A common argument used to support evolution gets a little more complicated.
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Frozen feeding

Frozen feeding | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
How long does it take a well-preserved fish fossil to form? The average member of the public, including most teachers of science classes, would reply with a story involving long periods of time.
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The Laws of Averages: Part 2, A Beam of Darkness

The Laws of Averages:   Part 2, A Beam of Darkness | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it


"Averages, in any and all cases, by their very nature, give only a very narrow view of the information in a data set — and if accepted as representational of the whole, will act as a Beam of Darkness, hiding and obscuring the bulk of the information; thus, instead of leading us to a better understanding, they can act to reduce our understanding of the subject under study."


YEC Geo's insight:
Along with Part 1, should be required reading for all science students--and probably their teachers, as well.
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Researchers report possible location of famed lost Pink and White Terraces of New Zealand

Researchers report possible location of famed lost Pink and White Terraces of New Zealand | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"A pair of researchers, one referring to himself as an independent researcher, the other with the National Library of New Zealand, has found the possible location of the famed lost Pink and White Terraces of New Zealand."

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The ancient mystery of St Hilda's 'snake stones': what do ammonites really look like?

The ancient mystery of St Hilda's 'snake stones': what do ammonites really look like? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Despite being among the most recognisable, common fossils, not one has been found that gives us an accurate idea of how the animals looked in life
YEC Geo's insight:
I didn't realize that some ammonites were named after St. Hilda.  Fascinating background on an omnipresent fossil.
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Can I Use That Picture? How to Legally Use Copyrighted Images [Infographic]

Can I Use That Picture? How to Legally Use Copyrighted Images [Infographic] | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A visual, easy-to-understand explanation of public domain, including a flow chart to help you decide whether you can legally use an online image or not.

Via Baiba Svenca
YEC Geo's insight:
Off-topic, but important to any content creator on Scoop.it, or the web in general.
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Agora Abierta's curator insight, June 13, 6:53 AM
Lots of good infographics to test what you know about sharing images.
Martin Debattista's curator insight, June 19, 2:42 AM
Creative Commons remains the best licensing system that promotes creative work and its appreciated.
Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, June 22, 9:43 AM
Can I Use That Picture? How to Legally Use Copyrighted Images [Infographic]
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Xeno-what?

Xeno-what? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Geological Society of America (GSA), America’s leading geology institution, is introducing a new word: “xenoconformity.” You may have heard of a conformity (a smooth transition from one sedimentary layer to the next, without a break) and an unconformity (a break in the deposition of sediments). So what on earth is a xenoconformity?
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Stop the Presses! Human Evolution Falsified!

Stop the Presses! Human Evolution Falsified! | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
If these people (yes, let’s call them people) were really using tools and cooking food, they were not primitive. If these people had spread out all over Africa, they were not numbskulls. Consider the absurdity of thinking that people with those skills, and with anatomically modern skeletons, walking upright and probably communicating with language, just sat there slowly evolving but never launching civilization for another 290,000 years! It beggars credibility to imagine such a thing.
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No, Young-Earth Creationism Isn’t a “New” Idea

No, Young-Earth Creationism Isn’t a “New” Idea | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A homeschooling father told me that he was taking my advice and reading the works of people with whom he disagreed. I commended him for doing that and said that I wish more people would. He then asked about a statement he read in a Biologos article. He didn’t quote the statement, but for the sake of my readers, I will:

Young-earth creationism is relatively new and as recently as a century ago even fundamentalist Christians saw little reason to reject evolution.

I told him that I had read a statement like that at least once before, but I knew that it was utterly false, so I really didn’t pay much attention to it. In addition, I assumed that since the statement is so easily refuted, it must not be very common. However, he said that he had read it in more than one place. Sure enough, when I later did some surfing, I found essentially the same statement at an old-earth creationist website as well.

Since there are at least two sources that make this claim, I thought I would write an article that shows how utterly false it is.
YEC Geo's insight:
Lots of interesting back-and-forth in the comments section about old-earth creation vs. young-earth creation.
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The geology of Wonder Woman

The geology of Wonder Woman | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Saw “Wonder Woman” last night and was fascinated by the gorgeous limestone cliffs of the island of Themiscyra, so for you geology nerds out here, here’s some information:

The coast featured in the movie was Italy's Salerno coast, near the towns of Palinuro & Camerota—here’s some geological background:
http://www.wseas.us/e-library/conferences/2014/Salerno/GEOMENG/GEOMENG-09.pdf

https://tinyurl.com/ya4sbz9f

 https://www.enchantingitaly.com/regions/campania/salerno/camerota.htm

 http://www.enchantingitaly.com/regions/campania/salerno/centola.htm

And chust for fun, here’s some info about two structures used for locations, the Castel del Monte & Villa Cimbrone:

Villa Cimbrone, Ravello, Salerno, Campania, Italy:
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/677651075151058007/
 
Castel del Monte, Andria, Bari, Apulia, Italy: “the most fascinating castle built by Frederic II” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castel_del_Monte%2C_Apulia

Image credit: https://www.pinterest.com/draugwen/ww-training-outfit/ description
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U. S. BOEM Releases Highest-Resolution Bathymetry Map of the Gulf of Mexico… Evah!

U. S. BOEM Releases Highest-Resolution Bathymetry Map of the Gulf of Mexico… Evah! | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The amazing thing about the seafloor topography from the continental shelf edge out to the Sigsbee Escarpment is the fact that it is largely the result of deformation of the Jurassic aged Louann Salt formation.
YEC Geo's insight:
How do you create a salt formation that's over 1000m deep (the Louann formation)?    All modern evaporites are dried-up lakes, with lots of dirt and organics mixed in with the evaporites.  But the GOM salts are pure and thick.  Something's fishy here...
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So much water pulsed through a melting glacier that it warped the Earth’s crust

So much water pulsed through a melting glacier that it warped the Earth’s crust | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
NASA scientists detected a pulse of melting ice and water traveling through a major glacier in Greenland that was so big that it warped the solid Earth — a surge equivalent in mass to 18,000 Empire State Buildings.
YEC Geo's insight:
More support for the principle of Creeping Catastrophism:  rates of geologic processes tend to increase with increased investigation.
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California Rises from Drought

A June snowstorm just topped off the already thick layer of white stuff atop the Sierra Nevada. California’s snow water equivalent rose to a heaping 170 percent of normal. But not so long ago, the state was in the midst of a deep drought; its mountains were bare and brown, and water levels plummeted in reservoirs.
YEC Geo's insight:
Really cool animation.
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Fairy Circles in South Africa

Fairy Circles in South Africa | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"We recently took a trip from Cape Town to the Northern Cape province in South Africa and on the way noticed what looked like patches of bare ground or nearly bare ground."

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Breakfast is canceled at a Death Valley restaurant — and other tales from the blazing desert

Breakfast is canceled at a Death Valley restaurant — and other tales from the blazing desert | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
On the first day of summer, the temperature is expected to hit 124 degrees in Death Valley. A woman who lost her sandals suffered third degree burns earlier in the month.
YEC Geo's insight:
I've been there when it's 123 degrees--still an intensely cool place, in the qualitative sense of the word.
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Locals flee tsunami in Greenland which left four missing

Locals flee tsunami in Greenland which left four missing | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Frightening video footage has emerged of locals fleeing a tsunami in Greenland as waves carrying huge blocks of ice crashed into houses leaving four people missing.
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New Doubts about Dinosaur Feathers

New Doubts about Dinosaur Feathers | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Scholarly illustrations, museum mock-ups, and even children’s cartoons show tyrannosaurs covered in feathers. Two new fossil descriptions give reasons to doubt the tales of feathered dinosaurs.
YEC Geo's insight:
I've never been in the feathered dinosaur camp.  This doesn't help their case.
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The most breathtaking natural wonder in every state

The most breathtaking natural wonder in every state | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
From sea to shining sea, here are America's most beautiful natural wonders.
YEC Geo's insight:
Now this would be a road trip worth taking!
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Street View goes to Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Street View goes to Uluru (Ayers Rock) | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Google recently posted on their blog an article saying they have recently released Street View of the iconic Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, Australia.
YEC Geo's insight:
For some cool images of unusual erosional features on the rock itself, including caves and flared slopes, see http://freeaussiestock.com/free/Northern_Territory/uluru/index.htm

For an interesting discussion on Uluru's origin between a creationist and two prominent secular geomorphologists, see: https://answersingenesis.org/geology/natural-features/geomorphology-of-uluru-australia-discussion/ and https://answersingenesis.org/geology/natural-features/geomorphology-of-uluru-australia-reply/
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7 Sanctuaries linked by a straight line: The legendary Sword of St. Michael

7 Sanctuaries linked by a straight line: The legendary Sword of St. Michael | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A mysterious imaginary line links seven monasteries, from Ireland to Israel. Is it just a coincidence? These seven sanctuaries are very far from each other, and yet they are perfectly aligned (siviaggia.it).
YEC Geo's insight:
Amazing geographic coincidence.
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Upper vs. Lower Antelope Canyon, Which to Choose?

Upper vs. Lower Antelope Canyon, Which to Choose? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The light beams are the biggest perk of visiting Upper Antelope Canyon. Most of the famous photos that you’ve seen of these canyons, including the most expensive photo in the world by Peter Lik which sold for $6.5 million, were taken in this canyon.
YEC Geo's insight:
Instagram meets the most famous slot canyon in the world.
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Collagen from a Tyrannosaurus rex bone proves Jurassic Park will never exist

Collagen from a Tyrannosaurus rex bone proves Jurassic Park will never exist | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
So a team based at the University of Manchester and at the National Museums Scotland, led by Dr Buckley, set out to explore the possibility of whether the claimed dinosaur peptides could have come from modern animals, given that ostriches and alligators that were known to be used by the labs in the original studies.
YEC Geo's insight:
Your turn, Dr. Schweitzer.  (http://www.icr.org/article/7091/)
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Now It's "Rights" for U.S. Rivers

Now It's "Rights" for U.S. Rivers | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The drive to grant human-style rights to nature is accelerating — with little pushback. Rivers and glaciers in India, New Zealand, and Colombia have been granted rights. Now activists want to see that approach in the United States.
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Big Bang Blowup at Scientific American

Big Bang Blowup at Scientific American | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The February 2017 issue of Scientific American contains an article by three prominent theoretical physicists from Princeton and Harvard who strongly question the validity of cosmic inflation, an important part of the modern Big Bang theory. They argued that inflation can never be shown to be wrong—it cannot be falsified—and therefore inflation isn’t even a scientific hypothesis."

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Dinosaur Fossils Found in Marine Rocks...Again

Dinosaur Fossils Found in Marine Rocks...Again | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"With all these finds, it’s now clear that the discovery of dinosaurs in marine rocks and/or mixed with marine fossils is the norm, not the exception.  Why do secular paleontologists continue to be surprised by what they pull out of the ground"

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