In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology. Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.
While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show, a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old. In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.
Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:
Secularists believe the Earth condensed from clumpy matter flung out of the solar nebula 4.56 or so billion years ago. It was thus originally a hot molten blob that cooled. They used to suggest that most of the water came from inside this cooling Earth, but not enough to fill the oceans we have on the Earth’s surface today. A once popular theory was that comets (which are essentially large, dirty snowballs) collided with the Earth and deposited their water on its surface.
At a 50-square mile nature reserve tucked deep in Arctic Siberia, scientists are working on a radical plan to fight climate change by reviving the ancient grasslands of the last Ice Age – and the beasts that once roamed them.
YEC Geo's insight:
Hint: requires lots of manmade intervention. #ironic
"The earliest record of fossilized copulating insects has recently been unearthed in China (see figure 1) in sediments from the Middle Jurassic. While much is known of the reproductive behaviour of extant (still in existence) insects, examples of fossilized mating individuals (i.e. showing ‘behaviour’) are very rare. Of 33 reported cases in the entire insect fossil record (e.g. fireflies, mosquitoes, plant hoppers, leaf hoppers, water striders, bees, and ants), 27 were preserved in amber (fossilized tree resin), with only six found in compression fossils, including the one examined here. This new find replaces the previous oldest specimen of a pair of non-biting midges (true flies) discovered in amber from the Early Cretaceous."
YEC Geo's insight:
It was mind-blowing to learn that there are 33 reported cases of fossilized mating insects. Not only did they have to be buried in flagrante delicto, but the preservation method had to lack destructive energy. The first condition invalidates slow gradual burial, the second invalidates a flash flood-typical current of moving water that would tear the delicate insects apart.
Clearly more work needs to be done here on the depositional conditions that would satisfy two seemingly contradictory requirements.
One possible hypothesis is that the insects (and other similarly preserved fossils) were killed by catastrophic poisonous outgassing. That would have dropped them in their tracks, so to speak. Then steadily rising sediment-laden water could have buried the corpses. See here for a modern instance of mass biologic death by outgassing: http://sco.lt/547Lw9 Explains a lot of things, but the geographic scale would have to have been much larger than what happened in Cameroon.
Water officials announced Monday that they were closing the floodgates at the top of the spillway, stopping the release of water from Lake Oroville and showing that much of the concrete spillway is now gone. It's been replaced by a deep gash in the earth on both sides.
YEC Geo's insight:
Lots of cool photos. There is just something incredibly fascinating about catastrophic erosion.
The Disney-style, Hiawatha, Jungle-book portrayal of Amazonia is starting to come crashing down. Discoveries of massive earthworks throughout the jungle are revealing an ecology modified by cooperative societies on a massive scale for centuries.
"Over the last few decades, a rapidly growing crater has shaken the Siberian taiga with terrifying 'booms,' causing locals to believe it is the 'Gateway to the Underworld.' The Batagaika Crater expands at roughly 60 feet each year, and stretches almost a mile long."
Years ago, I deduced that some Ice Age woolly mammoths and other animals were most likely asphyxiated by breathing blowing dust, before the animals froze. At the time, there was no evidence that some of the animals died by suffocation.
When they eventually shut off the flow, the immensity of the erosion was astounding (figure 4). Half way down the spillway the water had excavated an enormous plunge pool—140 m (450 ft) wide, 75 m (250 ft) long, and 40 m (130 ft) deep. Beyond that, most of the concrete structure had been washed away.
It has been widely believed for decades that ‘fossil fuel’ oil and gas took millions of years to form from algae and plants (and other buried organic material—see box), after being slowly trapped in rocks and subjected to the earth’s heat and pressure over eons. Heat and pressure suffice to form oil in ultrashort time periods
However, we now know that the millions of years are unnecessary.
For years we have resisted posting this hike because of its proven risks. In recent memory, at least six people have fallen to their deaths while attempting to ascend this lofty massif. It makes me queasy to imagine that the next person's body could be found clutching a copy of our Hike of the Week.
But here's the deal: Angels Landing already is the most popular hike in Zion National Park. People will go no matter what we print, and from what I saw, many of the hikers don't really know what they're getting into.
YEC Geo's insight:
One of the most extreme hikes available in the National Park System. I got to the beginning of the chain, which is back behind the lady in the picture, but I couldn't bring myself to go any further. The article explains why so many people think it's worth it to continue.
Chicxulub, Mexico has become synonymous with the dinosaur extinction in the secular literature. It is often referred to as the “smoking gun.” But how much of the data really supports an asteroid impact?
Over the past 10 years, four lawsuits have been filed over the Bahia emerald. Fourteen individuals or entities, plus the nation of Brazil, have claimed the rock is theirs. A house burned down. Three people filed for bankruptcy. One man alleges having been kidnapped and held hostage. Many of the men involved say that the emerald is hellspawn but they also can’t let it go. As Brian Brazeal, an anthropologist at California State University Chico, wrote in a paper entitled The Fetish and the Stone: A Moral Economy of Charlatans and Thieves, “Emeralds can take over the lives of well-meaning devotees and lead them down the road to perdition.”
I too took a bad spin in the emerald’s orbit, pouring endless time into reporting this story, only, for a while at least, to become more confused rather than less.
"However, while reading Naturalism and Its Alternatives in Scientific Methodologies, I learned about another argument against the idea that evolution doesn’t depend on junk DNA. It comes from evolutionist Dr. Dan Graur, who says quite plainly:
"If ENCODE is right, evolution is wrong. (p. 234 of Naturalism and Its Alternatives in Scientific Methodologies)"
Even though I am a creationist, I would never make such a strong statement, but Dr. Graur thinks it is obvious. Why?"
"From the NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH/UNIVERSITY CORPORATION FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH and the "eh, it's a model projection" department, comes this claim. So, if it melts earlier, but then melts more slowly, it would seem to cancel out. I'm sure though somebody will find a crisis in this somewhere."
YEC Geo's insight:
Really interesting suggestion of feedback loops in the hydrologic system.
We now know that like the horseshoe crab, trilobites reproduced by seeding gametes from a pore in the head. We know that because fossilized trilobite eggs have been found in situ in Upstate New York, the results having been published in the journal Geology.
Together, the two dams illustrate widely diverging conditions at the more than 1,000 dams across California, most of them decades old. The structures also underscore the challenge of maintaining older dams with outdated designs.
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