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The color of time

Been doing a lot of research on preserved biomolecules lately, and found this recent reference, which has so far not been cited by anyone, according to Google Scholar (if the pdf image appears to be blocked, it can still be accessed by clicking on the link). 

 

As you may be aware, the existence of original organic material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old is a giant hot potato in the paleontological community.  Here, it is suggested that original coloration pigment was found in Eocene feathers.

 

Of interest is that the student's supervisor was Johan Lindgren, who recently published evidence of biomolecular preservation in a 70 my-old mosasaur, including detectable C-14.  Lindgren et al. attributed the C-14 to contamination, but wot I say is, if it's got original organic material, shouldn't it at least be rigorously tested for C-14 in a manner that could reasonably eliminate contamination?

 

Here's a plea to all biomolecule researchers--test for C-14!  And if any demur, claiming that it is impossible to eliminate the possibility of contamination, what does that say about the reliability of C-14 dating in general?

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

2016:

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

 

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://sco.lt/7Yyqa9

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://sco.lt/5VoWyf

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://sco.lt/7SdFej

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://sco.lt/9D1Zy5, http://sco.lt/7IbqFt

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/7f9ELB, http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

 

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

 

2013:

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito blood: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

 

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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A Band of Fire in Sub-Saharan Africa

A Band of Fire in Sub-Saharan Africa | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
When seasonal rains diminish in November, a long band of fire begins to emerge in satellite imagery of Africa. It extends across the width of the continent, from Senegal to Eritrea. The number of fires slowly increases, usually peaking in January. In March, the band of fire fades and the rains return.
YEC Geo's insight:

I think being paid to interpret remote control imagery would be one of the best jobs possible.

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Chinese treasure ships confound ark skeptics

Chinese treasure ships confound ark skeptics | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In 15th century China, Zheng He sailed enormous wooden ships, larger than those built in Europe hundreds of years later. These Chinese ships were about the same size as the Ark that Noah had built thousands of years before.
YEC Geo's insight:

I've always been fascinated by ancient cultures.

 

Here's a link to a NOVA website stating with amazement that if the dimensions are accurate, these were the largest wooden ships ever built:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/ancient-chinese-explorers.html

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The True Tale of Misty, Stormy, and maybe the worst nor'easter of them all

The True Tale of Misty, Stormy, and maybe the worst nor'easter of them all | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The deluge lasted three long days and stretched across five high tides right at the time of the full moon. More than 90 percent of Chincoteague Island flooded. The water ran six feet deep at times on Main Street in downtown Chincoteague. The island’s chicken industry was destroyed–an estimated 350,000 birds died in the storm. Chincoteague’s famous ponies suffered horribly as well. By the time the rain stopped, more than 100 of them had died.

The culprit was the Ash Wednesday storm of March 6 to 8, 1962.
YEC Geo's insight:

"Misty of Chincoteague" was one of my favorite books, growing up.  Here's the amazing story behind "Stormy of Chincoteague," the sequel to Marguerite Henry's beloved tale.

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Massive LA-Area Gas Leak Still Not Capped

Massive LA-Area Gas Leak Still Not Capped | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The well blowout at the largest natural gas storage facility in the West has uprooted thousands of residents and spewed more than 2 million tons of climate-changing methane in what environmentalists have said is the worst crisis since the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010.
YEC Geo's insight:

Apparently this thing has been leaking for 15 weeks--this is the first I've heard anything about it.

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Tham Khoun Xe – Kayaking in a gigantic underground river

Tham Khoun Xe – Kayaking in a gigantic underground river | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Tham Khoun Xe is a huge cave where meanders the underground river Xe Bang Fai. Located in Laos, this amazing geological formation is one of the largest active underground rivers in the world, with a 7 km long route
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Chinese government makes it snow in Beijing in order to fight drought

Chinese government makes it snow in Beijing in order to fight drought | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Chinese government covered Beijing in snow on Sunday after meteorologists seeded clouds to bring winter weather to the capital in an effort to combat a lingering drought.
YEC Geo's insight:

This would make me very nervous--weather under government control?

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The Progressive War on Science

The Progressive War on Science | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"About ten years ago Chris Mooney wrote 'The Republican War on Science' where he argued that Republican administrations tend to underfund and disrespect scientific endeavors. I do not dispute the fact that Republican and conservatives have inhibited scientific projects. Indeed I remember early in my career learning that a data set I wanted to use would not be collected because Republican politicians pulled the plug on the funding.

 

But such a book tends to rely on the simplistic notion that only conservatives misuse science to any meaningful extent. My experience in academia has shown me that progressives are also quite adept at misusing science. But since political and cultural progressives are overrepresented in the sciences, they are much more likely to do their damage from inside academia."

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Florida by Land: Explore Geological Wonders

Florida by Land: Explore Geological Wonders | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Visit caverns, sinkholes, and other often rare and unexpected wild spaces in Florida.
YEC Geo's insight:

What's not to like, especially this time of year/

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America's Next Oil Boom Will Be Even Bigger

America's Next Oil Boom Will Be Even Bigger | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Oil prices are set to rise again due to growing foreign demand, which could set the stage for another American oil boom built on the infrastructure of the first fracking boom, according to an economist who works on energy issues.
YEC Geo's insight:

And see here for an article on how the birthplace of fracking has twice as much gas as originally projected: https://stream.org/birthplace-fracking-twice-much-gas-expected/

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Mysterious sites blurred by Google

Mysterious sites blurred by Google | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"There are countless sites around the world deemed so classified that they are pixelated or blacked out by Google Earth.

Some are understandable, like some military sites, royal residences and say, the whole of North Korea. Others may surprise you. Pretty much all of them are the subject of conspiracy theories."

YEC Geo's insight:

Once I came across an obscured site in Iran, very near a large dam, that I don't see mentioned in here.

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Is the world's most dangerous volcano about to blow?

Is the world's most dangerous volcano about to blow? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Families living near the killer peak Popocatépetl located 35 miles from Mexico Cityare on evacuation alert after the mile high plume began
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Bomb us if you dare: ISIS militants holed up in Syria's largest dam

Bomb us if you dare: ISIS militants holed up in Syria's largest dam | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Tabqa Dam, around 25 miles from the ISIS stronghold of Raqqa, would unleash a huge flood that would devastate much of Iraq and Syria if it was ruptured.
YEC Geo's insight:

Check it out on Google Maps:  https://goo.gl/maps/pRkTEubAnCH2

 

The thing is enormous. 

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The Godfather of Digital Maps

The Godfather of Digital Maps | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Nearly 50 years ago, Jack Dangermond started digital mapping pioneer Esri, and its work made Google Maps and Google Earth possible.

Via Seth Dixon
YEC Geo's insight:

It's no exaggeration to say that digital mapping is oen of the most powerful advancements in geoscience in the twentieth century.

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, February 11, 12:32 PM

Two resources on pioneers in GIS. 

  • This is a nice article on the beginnings of ESRI and Jack Dangermond's impact on digital mapping.  
  • Here is a video about Roger Tomlinson, 'father of GIS.'

 

Tags: GIS, ESRI, mapping, cartography, geospatial.

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Living for 900 years

Living for 900 years | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Today, even if they avoid all fatal diseases, humans will generally die of old age before they reach much past 100. Even the very exceptional cases don’t make it much past 120 years.

 

However, a look at the evidence related to aging suggests that the apparent upper limit on today’s average lifespans is not something that is ‘biologically inevitable’ as such for humans or other multi-celled creatures."

YEC Geo's insight:

I had a great-grandmother  who lived to be 102, and two grandparents who lived well into their 90s.  This article is a fascinating look at the complex factors relating to senescence (aging to death), and how they could have changed from before the Flood, when people lived to be hundreds of years old, to afterwards. 

 

Includes the story of an elderly French lady who made a deal with her lawyer, giving him ownership of her apartment in exchange for a monthly stipend that would continue to her death.  Unfortunately for the lawyer, his client was destined to become the longest living person in modern history.

 

 

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Jupiter May Not Shield Earth from Comets

Jupiter May Not Shield Earth from Comets | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"While his experiences with films and television shows were fascinating, and while he did confirm my thoughts regarding “scilebrities” Bill Nye and Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson, it was something he said about his scientific research that inspired this post.

During the first lecture, in sort of an offhanded way, he said:

Have you heard that Jupiter protects the earth from comets? It’s rubbish.

He then went on to cite a recently-published paper of his that supports his claim that the whole idea is wrong. Because I was skeptical of the idea to begin with, I came home and read his paper, and I have to say, I find it very convincing."

YEC Geo's insight:

Jay Wile attends a lecture given by a scientist who consults on many film projects, and hears something that grabs his attention.

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Rapid Petrification of Wood: An Unexpected Confirmation of Creationist Research

Rapid Petrification of Wood: An Unexpected Confirmation of Creationist Research | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
It is extremely unusual for creationist research to be favorably reported and referenced in a technical scientific paper by academic geologists published in a major, secular, geological journal. However, not only has this just happened, but the same paper reported experimental research that confirms the conclusions of the creationist research published in a young-earth creationist journal!
YEC Geo's insight:

A 2004 article by YEC geologist Andrew Snelling, detailing a citation of one of his creationist articles dealing with wood petrification. 

 

More confirmation of how rapidly petrification can occur is found in these even more recent articles:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703712000415


http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703714006267


https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Emma_Locatelli/publication/268513687_The_exceptional_preservation_of_plant_fossils_a_review_of_taphonomic_processes_and_biases_in_the_fossil_record/links/546e1a9c0cf2b5fc17603fcd.pdf

 

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Quake early warning system for California is delayed by fight over who will pay

Quake early warning system for California is delayed by fight over who will pay | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"We have a feasible plan on the table. But if people don't want to fund that, then we just have to go back and see what could be done for less," said John Vidale, director of the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network. "Is it really worth cutting the corners like that?"

YEC Geo's insight:

A good question indeed.

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Rapid Erosion Supports Creation Model

Rapid Erosion Supports Creation Model | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Uniformitarian geologists estimate 0.39 inches of cliff erosion per year. But we're seeing a lot—far too much—catastrophic erosion of these cliffs over a short time."

YEC Geo's insight:

It'd be interesting to do some quantitative analysis of erosion using different time scales.

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Volcanic Activity at Popocatépetl

Volcanic Activity at Popocatépetl | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
According to news reports, the volcano temporarily closed an airport in Puebla as workers cleared ash from the runway.
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Review of Shadow of Oz

Review of Shadow of Oz | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Dr. Wayne D. Rossiter earned his Ph.D. in ecology and evolution from Rutgers University in February of 2012 and is currently an assistant professor of biology at Waynesburg University. His book, Shadow of Oz, has already caused me to write two blog posts (here and here). In one of those posts, a commenter called Rossiter’s book a “must read,” and I have to agree
YEC Geo's insight:

Having read the book, I agree with Jay Wile's assessment.  If you only read one book on the origins debate this year, I highly recommend this one. 

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Buoyant River Homes

Buoyant River Homes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The River Thames is known for changing banks often, creating an unpredictable contrasting level in water heights.
YEC Geo's insight:

Clever architecture in the UK:  riverside homes that rise with the tide, so to speak.  Don't think it would have helped Noah, but modern homeowners can benefit.

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Natural oil seeps encourage microbial life in Gulf of Mexico

Natural oil seeps encourage microbial life in Gulf of Mexico | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Scientists from Columbia University's Earth Institute have discovered a new biological phenomenon in the Gulf of Mexico. Phytoplankton communities are thriving above natural oil seeps.
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Australia's Wedding Cake Rock may collapse into the sea

Australia's Wedding Cake Rock may collapse into the sea | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"It looks as if someone has made a cut in a wedding cake, but no one is celebrating."

YEC Geo's insight:

What a cool formation--even cooler in the close-up views.

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Why Is a New Theory of Coal Formation Needed?

Why Is a New Theory of Coal Formation Needed? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Time to rewrite the textbooks, in other words. The “delayed fungal evolution” theory was gospel truth in museums and classrooms. It purported to explain why that particular period of time, the Carboniferous-Permian, was so dominated by coal. Now, these geologists are saying it isn’t true.
YEC Geo's insight:

The origin of coal is a fascinatingly problematic subject for geologists.  See here for a link to a series of three articles probing the difficulties: http://sco.lt/5mDPM1

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Bolivia’s Lake Poopó Disappears

Bolivia’s Lake Poopó Disappears | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Lake Poopó—once Bolivia’s second-largest lake and an important fishing resource for local communities—has essentially dried up
YEC Geo's insight:

Apparently, it's not the first time this has happened, so it's not a total death sentence.

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