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What's the difference between a white and a black smoker?

Absolutely fascinating--according to this dispatch from Jean-Luc Berenguer,

Education Officer aboard the JOIDES vessel Resolution, the energy measured in some hydrothermal systems comes from the energy released during
serpentinization of olivine!


Of interest personally because of my Master's work upon seamount chains.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:


2017:


112-125 million year old Nodosaur melanin and kerogen: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(17)30808-4


200 million year old organic plant molecules: https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0224-5/MediaObjects/41559_2017_224_MOESM1_ESM.pdf


66-million year old dinosaur bone cell: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mark_Armitage2/publication/289686201_Preservation_of_Triceratops_horridus_Tissue_Cells_from_the_Hell_Creek_Formation_MT/links/57ad0e1a08ae3765c3bb0cf7.pdf


15-45 million year old mammal blood: https://academic.oup.com/jme/article/3073510/Fossilized-Mammalian-Erythrocytes-Associated-With


146-100 milllion year old bird tendon and cartilage-like tissues: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14779


195 million year old dinosaur blood:  http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14220


80 million year old brachylophosaur protein: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170123145210.htm


2016:

130 million year old bird melanosomes: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/11/16/1617168113.abstract

75 million year old keratin: http://phys.org/news/2016-11-dinosaur-claw-sheath-proteins-million.html

120 million year old Psittacosaurus pigment and protein:  http://www.icr.org/article/9595/

1.4 million year old chloroplast DNA from deep sea sediments: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/8/615.full.pdf+html

100 million year old mummified bird wings: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160628/ncomms12089/full/ncomms12089.html

1.88 billion year old microbial protein preservation: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160617/ncomms11977/full/ncomms11977.html

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://creation.com/unpermineralized-hadrosaur-bones-alaska

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://crev.info/2015/09/original-pigment-dinosaur-feathers/

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://www.icr.org/article/8805/

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://crev.info/2015/06/more-dino-blood-found/, http://crev.info/2015/06/dinosaur-soft-tissue-surprise/

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=13504, http://phys.org/news/2015-02-million-year-old-mollusk-protein.html

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=12518, http://www.icr.org/article/8059/

2013:

23 million year old lizard: http://www.icr.org/article/7569/ 46 million year old mosquito blood: http://crev.info/2013/

46 million year old mosquito blood: http://www.pnas.org/content/110/46/18496.abstract

49 million year old beetle scales: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23786-iridescent-beetle-shimmers-for-49-million-years/#.UeeXxZwSTbC

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://creation.com/hadrosaur-skin, http://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-rare-dinosaur-skin-fossil.html

160 year old mollusk melanin: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-melanin-jurassic-era-mollusk-tool-cancer.html

Brian Thomas’ overviews: http://www.icr.org/article/7520/

Archaeopteryx feather: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10235#more-10235

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://crev.info/2013/04/protein-found-in-dinosaur-eggs/

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/03/130327-trilobite-spots-marine-paleontology-science/

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020, http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10065

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/oldbiomarkers.htm

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/3-soft-tissue-in-fossils/

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink (see here for Charles Dickens reporting on fresh squid ink and fresh squid eye discovery: http://observationdeck.kinja.com/mary-anning-the-fossil-finder-by-charles-dickens-1579691341)

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://creation.com/c14-dinos

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://www.icr.org/article/7091/

Brian Thomas update: http://www.icr.org/article/7183/


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What Hurricanes Can Dredge Up: Coffins, Canoes and Creatures

What Hurricanes Can Dredge Up: Coffins, Canoes and Creatures | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Jarring things can happen when the sea comes crashing into human habitats.
YEC Geo's insight:
We've found several strange critters on the beaches after hurricanes, including deep sea fish that don't normally get washed up.
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A Mystery Solved: Why the ‘Sisyphus Stones’ Rise and Tumble

A Mystery Solved: Why the ‘Sisyphus Stones’ Rise and Tumble | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
They rise from the sand and shallows along the Hudson River like a Stonehenge built to the scale of a Manhattan apartment: a tight gathering of stone figures, rock perched on rock, that appear to be marching in a stately procession toward the George Washington Bridge.

The elegant stacks, skillfully balanced without wires or adhesives, have amazed and bewildered hikers and cyclists since late July, when they began appearing south of the bridge, beside the Hudson River Greenway in Washington Heights.
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The Stegosaur Engravings at Ta Prohm

The Stegosaur Engravings at Ta Prohm | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Artwork at Cambodia’s Angkor Wat temple appears to depict a dinosaur. Though the engraving is “stegosaur-like,” this interpretation has been criticized.
YEC Geo's insight:
The most up-to-date interpretation of the Cambodian "stegosaur," with a surprising twist.
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Climbing the “Ladder of Life” in the Grand Canyon

Climbing the “Ladder of Life” in the Grand Canyon | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"One of the most amazing facts about the Grand Canyon is that no one has ever found a fossilized bone in the Canyon! Beginning in the Supai layer and extending upward into the Hermit and Coconino layers, countless fossilized footprints of over 20 species of amphibians and reptiles suddenly appear—but no fossils of their bones or teeth!"


Image credit: Lizard-like footprints in the Coconino sandstone, NPS  Photo By Michael Quinn.

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Houston's Flooding Was So Extreme, It Pushed The Earth's Crust Down

Houston's Flooding Was So Extreme, It Pushed The Earth's Crust Down | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Hurricane Harvey has taken an enormous toll on the people and infrastructure of Houston, Southeast Texas and Louisiana, but one thing that's harder to see is the impact the storm left on the Earth itself.
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The Grand Canyon in the thralls of shallow, doctrinaire uniformitarianism

The Grand Canyon in the thralls of shallow, doctrinaire uniformitarianism | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The principle of uniformitarianism asserts the temporal continuity of the regularities of nature (‘natural laws’), the configurations of geologic actions (e.g. rivers, deltas), and the overall rates of geologic processes. The authors would have us believe that Flood geologists themselves use uniformitarianism when they compare Mt St Helens with the Grand Canyon.

This is very much mistaken."

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MapSights | Photos of the world that will last forever

MapSights | Photos of the world that will last forever | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Geotagged photo service MapSights continues where Panoramio left. More than 30,000,000 geotagged photos available.
YEC Geo's insight:
One of the best features of Google Earth was the ability to explore Panoramio photos, until Google decided to discontinue Panoramio as of November 2017.

This site is trying to pick up where Panoramio left off, and seems to be doing a good job.
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Man claims hawk would not leave his taxi cab during Hurricane Harvey

Man claims hawk would not leave his taxi cab during Hurricane Harvey | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
William Bruso filmed the moment a hawk wouldn't budge from his taxi cab as Hurricane Harvey barreled towards Houston, Texas on Friday. Bruso is currently keeping the bird at his home.
YEC Geo's insight:
Some good news.
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What Do the Fossils Say?

What Do the Fossils Say? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
We may conclude that the beliefs of “good Darwinians” are not supported by the fossil record while the beliefs of “good creationists” are.
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A World of Snowy Dunes on Mars

A World of Snowy Dunes on Mars | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
It was spring in the Northern hemisphere when this image was taken on May 21, 2017, at 13:21 local Mars time, by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
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Sierra Leone mudslide: What, where and why?

Sierra Leone mudslide: What, where and why? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
On August 14, a mudslide killed more than 400 people in the mountain town of Regent on the outskirts of Sierra Leone's capital Freetown, sweeping away homes and leaving residents desperate for news of missing family members.

Here is what we know about it so far:
YEC Geo's insight:
The destructive force of water coupled with mud.
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Google Earth created an eye-opening way to 'step inside' some of the world's most remarkable homes

Google Earth created an eye-opening way to 'step inside' some of the world's most remarkable homes | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"If you've ever wondered what it would be like to grow up in a completely different society, there's a fun way to find out using Google Earth. With the latest update to Google's "This is Home" project, you can take a look into twenty-two "traditional" homes around the world."

YEC Geo's insight:
Just wish they'd let you hike through the formations in the background...

That's what someone should come up with, a Google Earth for geologists.  Street View field trips!
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Newly discovered 6m-year-old Cretan footprints stolen

Newly discovered 6m-year-old Cretan footprints stolen | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
But how can you conserve what is essentially a slab of soft rock, close to the sea and open to the elements?
YEC Geo's insight:
An extended meditation on the difficulty of studying tracks and traces.  Which leads to the inevitable question:  if it is so difficult to preserve solidified tracks, what about the difficulty of preserving unsolidified tracks?  What kind of conditions could possibly preserve ephemeral marks in the soil without simultaenously eroding them away?
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Thwack! Federal Judge Deals Major Blow to Gore and #ExxonKnew Crusaders

Thwack! Federal Judge Deals Major Blow to Gore and #ExxonKnew Crusaders | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"A federal judge in Boston dealt a major blow yesterday to environmental activist groups seeking to sue fossil fuel companies for supposedly ignoring the risks of climate change."

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Study reveals that Mann’s Bristlecone pine trees may not be good “treemometers” after all

Study reveals that Mann’s Bristlecone pine trees may not be good “treemometers” after all | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"Dr. Michael Mann used tree ring core samples from Bristlecone pines in the Western United states as one of the most heavily weighted proxies used to make his infamous “hockey stick.”


Now it seems that even though temperature in these areas has been rising, the Bristlecones aren’t responding to it by increasing their range, and other tree species are jumping ahead in the same area."

YEC Geo's insight:
The com box for this post is one of the best examples I've seen of scientific discourse (with a little snark thrown in for good measure, of course).
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The Risk of Hurricane Hype

The Risk of Hurricane Hype | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Hurricanes are one of the climate’s most deadly events, so it’s easy to treat them as one-sided risks. That is, to treat them as if the risk of evacuation is smaller than the risk of staying put.
YEC Geo's insight:
I say, "Amen."  After having survived a car accident at 4:30 in the morning because of  jammed conditions on the highway, I think it's time there be some consideration of the risks involved in mandating that half the people evacuate the state of Florida.
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Caving into creation: Emil Silvestru interview

Caving into creation: Emil Silvestru interview | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In a small Transylvanian town in 1954, Emil Silvestru was born into this shadowy post-war world of repression, fear and communist secret police. From the age of 12, he began to be fascinated by the numerous caves and other karst3 features in his region, which naturally led to the study of geology.
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View hurricanes and tropical storms in Google Earth

View hurricanes and tropical storms in Google Earth | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
View the latest tropical storm and hurricane models in Google Maps and Earth.
YEC Geo's insight:
For when you want to get up close and personal with an advisory model.

Here is also the Google Earth link to the National Hurricane Center:

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Colossal Crystals

Colossal Crystals | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Most people imagine such large crystals would take many thousands of years to grow, perhaps millions. Not so.
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Spectacular Dinosaur Has Skin, Horn, Pigments

Spectacular Dinosaur Has Skin, Horn, Pigments | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Though lab studies have not yet measured the expected shelf life for kerogen, this specimen still contains organic chemistry fragile enough to challenge the fossil’s vast age assignments
YEC Geo's insight:
Just amazing.
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Tropical Storm Harvey threatens vital Texas energy hub

Tropical Storm Harvey threatens vital Texas energy hub | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Hurricane Harvey is barreling down on vital oil and gas facilities in the U.S. Gulf Coast that serve as the nerve center of America's energy infrastructure.
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Fat polar bears [and lots of them] drive public confidence in future of the species

Fat polar bears [and lots of them] drive public confidence in future of the species | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Polar bears are no longer a useful global warming icon because they are thriving despite diminished sea ice: Churchill area polar bears are a good example.
YEC Geo's insight:
Good news.
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Cabot Oil & Gas Goes on Offensive Against Fracking Nuisance Lawsuits

Cabot Oil & Gas Goes on Offensive Against Fracking Nuisance Lawsuits | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
There is a great, overriding bias in corporate America that favors entering into settlement agreements in litigation rather than engage in the trial process. The oil and natural gas industry is no exception to this corporate inertia.
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The American West, 150 Years Ago

The American West, 150 Years Ago | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In the 1860s and 70s, photographer Timothy O'Sullivan created some of the best-known images in American History. After covering the U.S. Civil War, (many of his photos appear in this earlier series), O'Sullivan joined a number of expeditions organized by the federal government to help document the new frontiers in the American West. The teams were composed of soldiers, scientists, artists, and photographers, and tasked with discovering the best ways to take advantage of the region's untapped natural resources. O'Sullivan brought an amazing eye and work ethic, composing photographs that evoked the vastness of the West. He also documented the Native American population as well as the pioneers who were already altering the landscape. Above all, O'Sullivan captured -- for the first time on film -- the natural beauty of the American West in a way that would later influence Ansel Adams and thousands more photographers to come.

 

Tags: images, art, landscape, tourism, historical, USA.


Via Seth Dixon
YEC Geo's insight:
Includes excellent photos of dramatic geologic features.
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It's the petrol of the electric-powered auto world.

It's the petrol of the electric-powered auto world. | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Whether you’re scrolling through cat memes on your phone, writing a glowing Game of Thrones review on your laptop, or running out to grab a coffee in your electric car, modern life relies on lithium — most likely, lithium mined in Australia or Chile. But a new study suggests future electronic devices could be powered by lithium from an explosive source here in America: supervolcanoes.
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