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Old King Coal, Part I

Old King Coal, Part I | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Long-age attempts to explain the Carboniferous coal seams and the lycopods have numerous weaknesses, and a catastrophic origin of the coal seems from 'floating forests' is more promising.

 

First in a series of three eye-opening articles on the problems of conventional interpretations of coal deposits.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
Curated by YEC Geo
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 


2016:

130 million year old bird melanosomes: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/11/16/1617168113.abstract

75 million year old keratin: http://phys.org/news/2016-11-dinosaur-claw-sheath-proteins-million.html

120 million year old Psittacosaurus pigment and protein:  http://www.icr.org/article/9595/

1.4 million year old chloroplast DNA from deep sea sediments: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/8/615.full.pdf+html

100 million year old mummified bird wings: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160628/ncomms12089/full/ncomms12089.html

1.88 billion year old microbial protein preservation: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160617/ncomms11977/full/ncomms11977.html

445 million year old echinoderm organic molecules: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/44/5/379.abstract

8-11 million year old snake proteins: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822%2816%2930120-8

247 million year old preserved dinosaur soft tissue: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151143, http://www.reuters.com/video/2016/04/04/fossilised-blood-vessels-oldest-in-world?videoId=367980360&videoChannel=6&channelName=Technology

520 million year old preserved arthropod neural tissue: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/44765/title/To-Retain-a-Brain/, http://sco.lt/7fLsw5

2015 :

Presence of blood confirmed in 80-million-year-old hadrosaur fossil: https://news.ncsu.edu/2015/12/schweitzer-vessels/

Unperminalized hadrosaur bones: http://creation.com/unpermineralized-hadrosaur-bones-alaska

50-million year old melanosomes in bats: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150928155852.htm

150-million year old melanosomes in bird fossil: http://crev.info/2015/09/original-pigment-dinosaur-feathers/

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://crev.info/2015/06/c14-dinosaur-bone/

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://www.icr.org/article/8805/

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://crev.info/2015/06/more-dino-blood-found/, http://crev.info/2015/06/dinosaur-soft-tissue-surprise/

8-18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=13504, http://phys.org/news/2015-02-million-year-old-mollusk-protein.html

2014:

550 million year old tube worms: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=12518, http://www.icr.org/article/8059/

2013:

23 million year old lizard: http://www.icr.org/article/7569/ 46 million year old mosquito blood: http://crev.info/2013/

10/mosquito-fossil-with-blood-heme/

46 million year old beetle scales: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23786-iridescent-beetle-shimmers-for-49-million-years/#.UeeXxZwSTbC

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://creation.com/hadrosaur-skin, http://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-rare-dinosaur-skin-fossil.html

160 year old mollusk melanin: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-melanin-jurassic-era-mollusk-tool-cancer.html

Brian Thomas’ overviewshttp://www.icr.org/article/7520/

Archaeopteryx feather: http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10235#more-10235

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://crev.info/2013/04/protein-found-in-dinosaur-eggs/

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/03/130327-trilobite-spots-marine-paleontology-science/

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020, http://blog.drwile.com/?p=10065

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/oldbiomarkers.htm

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/3-soft-tissue-in-fossils/

2012:

Jurassic squid ink: http://creation.com/fossil-squid-ink (see here for Charles Dickens reporting on fresh squid ink and fresh squid eye discovery: http://observationdeck.kinja.com/mary-anning-the-fossil-finder-by-charles-dickens-1579691341)

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records: http://creation.com/c14-dinos

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://www.icr.org/article/7091/

Brian Thomas update: http://www.icr.org/article/7183/


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The Amazing Stone Bears of Yorkshire

The Amazing Stone Bears of Yorkshire | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
I was surprised to read recently that small teddy bears placed under a waterfall in Yorkshire ‘turned to stone’ in three to five months. After all, I had been told by my geology lecturers at university that stalactites and stalagmites take many thousands of years to form, so how could teddy bears petrify so quickly?
YEC Geo's insight:
I love "fast fossilization" stories like this.
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How did the waters of Noah's Flood drain?

How did the waters of Noah's Flood drain? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Many ask: “If Noah’s Flood really covered the whole earth, then where did the water go?”

This question has a simple answer, and once we understand what happened and how, we can see the reality of the biblical Flood all around the world.
YEC Geo's insight:
Mike Oard shows how planation surfaces, water gaps, and guyots, which are all problematic for the old-earth model, are much more readily explained by a global catastrophic marine transgression.
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Lava Delta Collapses into Sea

Lava Delta Collapses into Sea | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The event brought a brush with death for five onlookers who violated park ranger warnings and were nearly swept away by the collapsing sea cliff.
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An inside look at the national parks

An inside look at the national parks | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Luong says his photographic park forays number more than 300, a figure he terms a “conservative estimate.” He has visited all but American Samoa and Kobuk Valley, Alaska, at least twice, and 46 parks at least three times. He’s been to Death Valley 11 times, second only to Yosemite, which he’s visited so many times, he’s lost count.
YEC Geo's insight:
The author also offers turn-by-turn directions to the sites of his photos.
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Video explains how destructive mega tsunamis really are

Video explains how destructive mega tsunamis really are | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The Earth has experienced a handful of 'mega tsunamis,' and the most famous may be the event that wiped out the dinosaurs – the asteroid generated a wave up to 3.1 miles high.
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When Continents Collide

When Continents Collide | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
In 1996 a rancher in Wyoming showed creation geologist Kurt Wise and me a massive sandstone bed with convoluted layering on his ranch. At the time we recognized it as important evidence of the Flood catastrophe, but we did not understand how it formed or its significance.

Then in 2011 creation geologist Arthur Chadwick reported a surprising discovery.
YEC Geo's insight:
If verified, this could be truly mind-boggling.
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'Big Science' Celebrates Invalid Milankovitch Paper

'Big Science' Celebrates Invalid Milankovitch Paper | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
This month, Science and Nature commemorated the anniversary of an important paper that was published in Science forty years ago, titled "Variations in the Earth's Orbit: Pacemaker of the Ice Ages."1,2,3 This paper convinced many secular scientists of the validity of the astronomical, or Milankovitch, ice age theory. According to the Milankovitch theory, ice ages are somehow "paced" by changes in the seasonal and latitudinal distribution of sunlight. These changes are caused by variations in Earth's orbital and rotational motions. Using data from two southern Indian Ocean deep-sea sediment cores, the Pacemaker paper purported to show that Earth had experienced climate cycles of approximately 100 thousand, 42 thousand, and 23 thousand years. Because these cycle lengths agreed with the lengths of orbital cycles predicted by the Milankovitch theory, it was seen as strong evidence for the Milankovitch ice age theory.

However, there are serious problems with this paper, which are discussed at length on this website.
YEC Geo's insight:
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Google’s new experiment "Land Lines" turns your scribbles into mesmerizing satellite imagery

Google’s new experiment "Land Lines" turns your scribbles into mesmerizing satellite imagery | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Either way, Google’s latest Chrome Experiment is called “Land Lines” and it is an exercise in recognizing visual input and matching it with patterns from satellite imagery. Or, in other words, you doodle stuff on your phone’s touch screen and then “Land Lines” matches it with lines and shapes from satellite photos.
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Naples astride a rumbling mega-volcano

Naples astride a rumbling mega-volcano | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A slumbering Campi Flegrei volcano under the Italian city of Naples shows signs of "reawakening" and may be nearing a critical pressure point, according to a study published Tuesday.
YEC Geo's insight:
And St. Januarius' blood failed to liquefy this year:  http://www.catholicherald.co.uk/news/2016/12/19/bloody-of-st-januarius-fails-to-liquefy/

A time for prayer.
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Top 2016 News: Fossil Discoveries That Challenge Old Age Assumptions

Top 2016 News: Fossil Discoveries That Challenge Old Age Assumptions | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
2016 revealed Cretaceous bird-feather proteins, original dinosaur-skin tissue, Triassic mosasaur blood vessels, and organic remnants from ancient fossil microbes. These four finds challenge scientists to question the popular model.
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Confirmation of Feathers On A Dinosaur?

Confirmation of Feathers On A Dinosaur? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
While the results of the analysis are not conclusive, I do think that they add to the case that at least some dinosaurs had feathers.
YEC Geo's insight:
Dr. Wile weighs in on the controversy.

For more information on amber and amber-enclosed fossils, see this comprehensive site: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/paleo/fossilsarchive/amber.html
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The Curious Case of the 'Unfossilized' Bones

The Curious Case of the 'Unfossilized' Bones | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Without being a paleontologist myself, and without being able to personally examine the bones, I am limited to the expertise of the scientists who have examined them. After looking at all the sources available, a consistent picture is emerging. It seems that these bones are indeed mostly unpermineralized, and that is an embarrassing and difficult-to-explain fact for those who maintain these bones must be millions of years old.
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Atmospheric River Soaks California

Atmospheric River Soaks California | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Parts of Northern California and the Sierra Nevada have not seen this much rain and snow since 2005.
YEC Geo's insight:
Very cool animation--judging from the final screen, it looks like it might be a spring season for flowers in Death Valley!
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Excuses for Missing Dark Matter

Excuses for Missing Dark Matter | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Something is wrong with a theory that can’t find 95% of the universe. Cosmologists can’t find dark matter or dark energy, but their theories need it. They can’t explain the motions of galaxies and star clusters without it, they can’t explain cosmic acceleration without it, and they can’t explain the big bang without it. It’s gotta be there! Where is it? What is it?
YEC Geo's insight:
I've thought for a while that dark matter is kind of a God-of-the-Gaps argument.
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Lava tube inspires sculpture

Lava tube inspires sculpture | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
inspired by lava tubes under the surface of craters of the moon national monument in idaho, artist john grade has realized an 80 foot long, 13 foot high and 20 foot wide sculpture called ‘spur’
YEC Geo's insight:
This would be really neat to visit, especially if paired with a visit to the Craters of the Moon monument.
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5 things to know about the massive storm headed to Northern California

5 things to know about the massive storm headed to Northern California | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Skiers and snowboarders hungry for powder are calling California’s 10-day forecast the “most insane forecast ever.” That’s because precipitation totals in the Sierra are forecast to be approximately twice the monthly average for January. But all that moisture has a downside too, with some forecasters predicting that California will see the worst flooding since 1997.

How will these storms affect San Francisco? Here’s the breakdown:
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Macrostrat

Macrostrat | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
A collaborative platform for geological data exploration and integration

1,474 regional rock columns, 33,903 rock units, 1,888,733 geologic map polygons
YEC Geo's insight:
Way fun to play around with..just wish there was a way to download the underlying data.
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You'll Be Able to See All 47 National Parks Along This Insane Road Trip

You'll Be Able to See All 47 National Parks Along This Insane Road Trip | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Randy Olson, a scientist at the University of Pennsylvania has determined the best path to see all 47 national parks in the continental U.S.
YEC Geo's insight:
Some day...
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Battle for collapsing dam that could kill 1.5million if it breaches

Battle for collapsing dam that could kill 1.5million if it breaches | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

'It would be worse than a nuclear bomb.'

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The lioness who wouldn't eat meat

The lioness who wouldn't eat meat | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
This particular big cat, in her prime and perfect health, chose a more gentle way of life, vegetarian!
YEC Geo's insight:
"The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf together; and a little child shall lead them." (Isaiah 11:6)

Eden really existed, and one day, when He returns who first entered this world two millennia ago, Eden will return as well.  Until then, there are still rare glimpses of the original interconnected web of creation, as in this true story of a lioness who wouldn't eat meat.

Pacem in terris.
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Santa Maria – the incredible rising island

Santa Maria – the incredible rising island | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
This island rests on very young seafloor, which is expected to be rapidly subsiding. In fact, most other islands in this archipelago are indeed sinking. Santa Maria however, shows signs of significant uplift, such as old shorelines now located several tens or even hundreds of meters above sea level.
YEC Geo's insight:
How is this going to affect traditional models of shoreline uplift?
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A Shape-Shifting River in Bolivia

A Shape-Shifting River in Bolivia | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The course of the Maniqui and other small rivers in the Amazon Basin can shift dramatically in just a few years.
YEC Geo's insight:
And not because of the usual suspect, either.
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The garden that sizes up to Noah's Ark

The garden that sizes up to Noah's Ark | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The dimensions given in Genesis 6:15—300 cubits long and 50 cubits wide—can be hard to visualise. Even the smallest cubit3 of 18 inches would result in an Ark 138 m × 23 m × 14 m (450 ft × 75 ft × 45 ft), i.e. a volume of about 44,400 m3 (1.52 million cu. feet).

Now, however, visitors to the beautiful National Trust Garden at Trengwainton, near Penzance, Cornwall, UK, can see for themselves just how vast an area that is. The kitchen garden there, surrounded by brick walls, is divided into five sections of equal size. Archives show that it was well known locally that the walled garden was built to the dimensions of Noah’s Ark as stated in the Bible."

YEC Geo's insight:
No, it's not the one in Kentucky.
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ICR and AIG Refute BioLogos Old-Earth Argument

ICR and AIG Refute BioLogos Old-Earth Argument | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"In 2010, the BioLogos Foundation published an article titled Christian Geologists on Noah's Flood: Biblical and Scientific Shortcomings of Flood Geology. It was authored by old-Earth geologists Drs. Gregg Davidson and Ken Wolgemuth. Scientists from both ICR (The Institute for Creation Research) and AIG (Answers in Genesis) recently refuted the strongest of these arguments from their article."

YEC Geo's insight:
Lots of back and forth is a good thing.  Challenges are what strengthens a model.
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Did a Dinosaur Get Its Feathered Tail Caught in Amber?

Did a Dinosaur Get Its Feathered Tail Caught in Amber? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
But a dinosaur tail trapped in tree sap? It should be noted that the fossil is not a whole dinosaur tail, but rather only a small piece of a tiny feathered tail measuring about 1.4 inches in length and containing 8 vertebrae, each about the size of a grain of rice! It is estimated that this would make this presumed relative of T. rex about the size of a sparrow. The tail piece is undoubtedly covered with tiny feathers that are essentially identical to those of modern birds, but is this in fact a dinosaur tail rather than a bird tail?
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