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Old King Coal, Part I

Old King Coal, Part I | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Long-age attempts to explain the Carboniferous coal seams and the lycopods have numerous weaknesses, and a catastrophic origin of the coal seems from 'floating forests' is more promising.

 

First in a series of three eye-opening articles on the problems of conventional interpretations of coal deposits.

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Conformable Contacts
Notes from the intersection of faith, reason and geology
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Raison d'etre

Raison d'etre | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In geological terms, a contact is the place where two different types of rocks come together. This ezine is a place to find content from my favorite web sources on the the creation-evolution issue, with a focus on the subject of geology.  Just as the layers of a rock can be composed of many different materials, so my sources often differ in their assumptions and in their views on the issue, but their common intersection is the belief that this is an important subject.

 

(Image source:  Glyn Baker, http://www.geograph.org.uk/reuse.php?id=167895)

YEC Geo's insight:

While my interests are wide-ranging, as even a cursory glance at this site will show,  a subject of great personal interest to me is the preservation of biological material in fossils presumed tens to hundreds of millions of years old.  In my view, the increasing pace of discovery of such material is one of the strongest evidences in support of a young age for the earth.

 

Below is a continuously updated archive of articles I've found on the subject:

 

Radiocarbon in dinosaur bone: http://sco.lt/62cNg9 ;

Preserved coloration in dinosaur eggshell: http://sco.lt/7SdFej

Collagen and blood cells in Cretaceous dinosaur museum specimens: http://sco.lt/9D1Zy5, http://sco.lt/7IbqFt

18-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/7f9ELB

15-million year old proteins in seashells: http://sco.lt/5E9l8T

Jurassic squid ink: http://sco.lt/7nbAVV

550 million year old tube worms: http://sco.lt/8xwAJl, http://sco.lt/4xoX6v

23 million year old lizard:  http://sco.lt/5qDwpt

46 million year old mosquito: http://sco.lt/8AQAuf

46 million year old beetle scales: http://sco.lt/68OHA1

70 million year old hadrosaur skin: http://sco.lt/8SaVEn, http://sco.lt/9L5UDB

160 year old mollusk melanin:  http://sco.lt/6QYbU9

Brian Thomas’ overviews:  http://sco.lt/92v9t3, http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

Archaeopteryx feather:  http://sco.lt/70tG8P

190-197 million year old sauropod egg proteins: http://sco.lt/7J3aSX

250 million year old coloration on trilobites: http://sco.lt/4xixrV

Cretaceous triceratops horn: http://sco.lt/6a9nlZ, http://sco.lt/5FtIBd

Bachelor’s thesis on fossil pigments: http://sco.lt/5mbfv7

350 million year old crinoids & 417 million year old eurypterid chitin: http://sco.lt/5Y3cVl

C-14 in dinosaur bones, a presentation at an AGU-AOGS conference that was later stricken from the conference records:  http://sco.lt/5OIu25

Soft tissue overview from Answers in Genesis: http://sco.lt/666kpl

Dr. Mary Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissue research: http://sco.lt/5VIvnl

Preserved coloration in 70 million year old mammal teeth: http://sco.lt/5H0JSj

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Shape-shifting dinosaurs

Shape-shifting dinosaurs | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"‘Dinosaur Jack’ Horner is one of the best known palaeontologists (fossil experts) in the United States and he has been looking at how dinosaurs grow. This is a bit trickier than looking, say, at how frogs grow, because we can’t go out and watch dinosaurs growing directly. We can only look at their fossils.

There are some clues though. One is that juvenile bones are spongier and have more pores in them than adult bones. Spongy bones can still grow, while adult bones are not going to change much anymore."

YEC Geo's insight:

Jack Horner is a palaeontologist, but he's not an academic.  Sometimes it takes someone from outside the guild to come up with a fresh interpretation of existing data, like this article on how Jack Horner discovered that what were thought to be separate dinosaur species were actually different maturity levels of the same species. 

 

That's what I enjoy most about being a creationist, is being able to look at geologic data from an out-of-the-box perspective, because I often see things that weren't there when I worked under the uniformitarian naturalistic paradigm.

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Confusion over mining plans and coal deposits

Confusion over mining plans and coal deposits | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
As soon as you start talking about depositional environments you have moved from geological observation to philosophical interpretation, and that is where the issue becomes confused. When you speak of alluvial fans, delta-plains, and lakes, etc. you are describing the types of environments we see on the earth today, where these features persist for hundreds and thousands of years. Clearly, this interpretation is not compatible with Noah’s Flood.

However, the same sorts of features would have formed during Noah’s Flood, but they would have persisted only for days and weeks as sediments rapidly accumulated and relative sea-level rose. The observations of these physical features in the rocks are not a problem for Flood geology, just the interpretation that they developed at the rates observed today.
YEC Geo's insight:

Illustrates how geologic data can be interpreted differently depending upon the assumptions of the observer.

 

You can find out more about the South Africa coal field discussed in the article here, as well as information about other South African coal fields:  http://www.keatonenergy.co.za/our-market-coal-fields.php

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More Reasons To Doubt Iron as a Preservative for Dinosaur Tissue

More Reasons To Doubt Iron as a Preservative for Dinosaur Tissue | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

In 2005, Dr. Mary Schweitzer stunned the scientific community by finding what appeared to be soft tissue in a Tyrannosaurus rex fossil that is supposed to be 68 million years old. Since then, many such discoveries have been made, and a recent study indicates that soft tissue is probably quite common in dinosaur fossils.

 

It is obviously hard to understand how soft tissue could remain in a fossil for millions of years, so those who are forced to believe that these fossils are millions of years old have tried to figure out some chemical mechanism that would prevent the decay of tissue for such an incredibly long time.

YEC Geo's insight:

Dr. Wile summarizes an article in the  Creation Research Society Quarterly, which critique's Dr. Schweitzer's most recent explanation for blood cell preservation in presumed 65-million year old bone.

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Arches of Utah

Arches of Utah | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Located just outside Moab, Utah, is a wonderland of more than 2,000 natural arches. Towering 85 feet (26 m) overhead, and spanning 65 feet (20 m) is the best-known rock arch in the world, Delicate Arch. Nearby is one of the world’s longest natural arches, Landscape Arch (a whopping 291 feet, or 89 m, long). Everywhere you turn are spectacular arches of various shapes and sizes, such as Double Arch, Skyline Arch, and Tower Arch. Why are there so many natural arches in this one area?
YEC Geo's insight:

A creationist interpretation.

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Radiocarbon Dating Becoming Unreliable

Radiocarbon Dating Becoming Unreliable | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
An article in PhysOrg claims that radiocarbon dating is becoming more unreliable as carbon emissions increase. Why would that be?
YEC Geo's insight:

Coppedge continues, "We’re glad to see their agreement that coal “should” be radiocarbon dead. If it is not, then that is prima facie evidence that coal is not millions of years old."

 

The presence of C-14 in theoretically C-14 dead materials is an opposing witness to the dates given by U-Pb and other radiometric dating methods.  Even the feisty anti-creationist website Talk Origins doesn't seem to have a good answer, relying upon statements that creationists ignore alternative sources of C-14 contamination (not true, see here:   http://creationwiki.org/Ancient_coal_and_oil_are_C14_dated_as_only_50,000_years_old_%28Talk.Origins%29 ) or the weak protestation that even if it did exist, an age of 40,000 years undercuts creationists' claim of around 10,000. years for the earth's age (http://evolutionwiki.org/wiki/Carbon-14_in_Coal_Deposits_indicates_a_young_earth )

 

Tell you what--if Talk Origins will agree to 40,000 years for the earth's age, I will, too.

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Britain as you've never seen it before... from the sky

Britain as you've never seen it before... from the sky | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Google Earth images offer a remarkable view of Britain's most iconic attractions from directly above, with some being almost unrecognisable. 
YEC Geo's insight:

Really cool images.  The chalk drawing above looks almost fake, but it isn't.

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'Carbon sink' detected underneath world's deserts

'Carbon sink' detected underneath world's deserts | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Massive aquifers underneath deserts could hold more carbon than all the plants on land, according to the new research.
YEC Geo's insight:

To me, the more interesting question is, why are there aquifers below currently arid regions?  What clues do they give to the paleodrainages of currently arid regions?

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2015 Volume 8 Answers Research Journal

2015 Volume 8 Answers Research Journal | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Cutting-edge creation research. Free. Answers Research Journal (ARJ) is a professional, peer-reviewed technical journal for the publication of interdisciplinary scientific and other relevant research from the perspective of the recent Creation and the global Flood within a biblical framework.
YEC Geo's insight:

The latest volume of Dr. Andrew Snelling's online-only technical journal.  I found particularly interesting the articles on recumbent folds and flood year calculations.

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If it looks like a dinosaur and walks like a dinosaur--it's not necessarily a dinosaur

If it looks like a dinosaur and walks like a dinosaur--it's not necessarily a dinosaur | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

Bird-like tracks in Argentina that were previously attributed to an unknown group of theropods are now assigned to Aves, simply on the basis of radiometric dating.

 

Here's the problem--if morphology is not sufficient to identify tracks as theropodian, how can we possibly decide which of the hundreds of thousands of Mesozoic tracks are birds and which are theropods?  Obviously, it doesn't matter what they look like, only what their age is.

 

And if birds and dinosaurs both existed at the same time, and morphological characteristscs are insufficient for identification, as this article implies, then there's no way to tell for certain which tracks are from birds and which are from dinosaurs.

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Erosion Found In Other California Bridges After Highway Collapsed From Flash Flood

Erosion Found In Other California Bridges After Highway Collapsed From Flash Flood | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
The damage to interstate highway bridges from flash flooding in Southern California's desert over the weekend proved more widespread than initially thought, with construction crews working Tuesday to reinforce spans over three gullies.
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Scientists Describe Job's 'Springs of the Sea'

Scientists Describe Job's 'Springs of the Sea' | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"New research into water circulating from the ocean, into seafloor crustal rocks, and back into the ocean echoes one of the questions God asked Job thousands of years ago."

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Collapsed California bridge earned 'A' rating just last year

Collapsed California bridge earned 'A' rating just last year | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Built in 1967, the Tex Wash Bridge sits on Interstate 10, linking Los Angeles to Phoenix. Located just east of Palm Springs, Calif., the bridge is owned and maintained by the California Department of Transportation, or CalTrans. Officials there said they were investigating how a highly rated bridge managed to fail so spectacularly.
YEC Geo's insight:

What do the Indus, Mississippi and Yellow Rivers all have in common with this story?  Channel migration--up to 300 miles at times, in the case of the Yellow River.

 

Just goes to show that there's more to the integrity of a bridge than it's engineering specifications.  To paraphrase a well-known parable, if the foundations aren't sound, the bridge won't hold against the rising waters, no matter how well-constructed it is.

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Hoodoos of Bryce Canyon

Hoodoos of Bryce Canyon | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Before looking at the details, it is important to understand that Bryce is not, strictly speaking, a canyon! It’s actually the edge of a high plateau (Paunsaugunt Plateau, an arm of the even greater Colorado Plateau). This plateau rose up at the end of the Flood as the last waters receded, and Bryce was eroded into its side.
YEC Geo's insight:

I love the rimrock country.

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Flood FAQs

Flood FAQs | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Many doubt the biblical story of Noah’s Flood. To many the story seems a gross exaggeration or a work of fiction. And if Noah’s Flood is not believable, why trust any historical account in the Bible? People have posed many objections to a factual interpretation of this event and this article (and the articles linked to it) answers many of the key questions people have about the Flood and the Ark.
YEC Geo's insight:

Good summary of answers to common questions.

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Research reveals that significant share of scholarly papers have 'guest' or 'ghost' authors

Research reveals that significant share of scholarly papers have 'guest' or 'ghost' authors | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
For graduate students in particular, being relegated to ghost status can hurt their chances of building up a record on which to be hired and promoted. Walsh said he believes that there are some generational changes taking place, with today's professors more likely than were those of previous generations to share credit with graduate students and others. But professors in some disciplines, particularly engineering, remain less likely to share credit with graduate students.
YEC Geo's insight:

Interesting--I was unaware of the existence of "guest" or "ghost" authors.

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Why 10,000-Year-Old Gravity-Defying Rocks Haven't Toppled

Why 10,000-Year-Old Gravity-Defying Rocks Haven't Toppled | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Giant rocks stacked in seemingly gravity-defying poses could indicate that earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault can jump to another major fault in Southern California, which in turn could affect the severity of quakes in the region and how the state prepares for future temblors.
YEC Geo's insight:

The big puzzle is that these rocks are presumed to be about 10,000 years old, and earthquakes typically happen every 200 to 300 years.

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No equal access for creationists

No equal access for creationists | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The scientists at CAIS and I are dismayed by the claims that you and your team have made with respect to the age of the Earth and the validity of biological evolution.  Consequently, we are no longer able to provide radiocarbon services in support of your anti-scientific agenda.  I have instructed the Radiocarbon Laboratory to return your recent samples to you and to not accept any future samples for analysis."

YEC Geo's insight:

Thus sayeth the director of the University of Georgia C-14 dating lab to a creationist group that had used their services to obtain C-14 dates on dinosaur bones.

 

I don’t care what side of the debate you find yourself on, this should make any true scientist furious.  To deny access to services just because you have a problem with how the results are interpreted (and nowhere does the lab claim the dates are spurious) is the antithesis of the scientific method.

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Vanity and predatory academic publishers are corrupting the pursuit of knowledge

Vanity and predatory academic publishers are corrupting the pursuit of knowledge | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Radio National's Background Briefing recently presented a grim academic tale of identity theft, shambolic conferences, exploitation, sham peer review and pseudoscience.
YEC Geo's insight:

Interesting overview of an increasingly common phenomenon.

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Basic Geology Disproves Creationism?

Basic Geology Disproves Creationism? | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Recently David Montgomery, professor of earth and space sciences at University of Washington, wrote an article for The Conversation (which prides itself on “academic rigor”). In it this evolutionary geologist boldly proclaims that even apart from the evidence for evolution “basic geology disproves creationism.” The article flows out of his book The Rocks Don’t Lie (2012).
YEC Geo's insight:

Important counterargument to a recent article by David Montgomery, which can be found here: http://theconversation.com/even-setting-evolution-aside-basic-geology-disproves-creationism-40356

 

This kind of give and take is great.

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Best earthquake story ever: The Miracle of Purun Bhagat

Best earthquake story ever:  The Miracle of Purun Bhagat | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"The night we felt the earth would move

We stole and plucked him by the hand,

Because we loved him with the love

That knows but cannot understand.

 

And when the roaring hillside broke,

And all our world fell down in rain,

We saved him, we the Little Folk;

But lo! he does not come again!

 

Mourn now, we saved him for the sake

Of such poor love as wild ones may.

Mourn ye! Our brother will not wake,

And his own kind drive us away!"

 

Dirge of the Langurs

YEC Geo's insight:

I love this story by Rudyard Kipling, that melds old and new India with a geological twist.

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Ski Pluto: Glaciers Are Flowing

Ski Pluto: Glaciers Are Flowing | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Planetary scientists are dumbfounded by more evidence of youth at Pluto, both on the surface and in the atmosphere.
YEC Geo's insight:

More discoveries difficult to explain within the conventional old-age paradigm.

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You Wouldn’t Want to Live on “Earth’s Cousin”

You Wouldn’t Want to Live on “Earth’s Cousin” | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it

"When the Kepler Space Telescope team announced the closest match to Earth yet seen, a planet named Kepler 452b, reporters went berserk with the “cousin” metaphor and other comparisons making it sound like a second home."

YEC Geo's insight:

I thought maybe there was a fair amount of over-hyping going on--that looks to be the case.

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This lake in Canada's North is literally about to fall off a cliff

This lake in Canada's North is literally about to fall off a cliff | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Heat and rain are melting headwall ice, exposing soil and sediment which is in turn washed away, revealing more ice, in a process that creates large slumps in the landscape.


YEC Geo's insight:

A real-life example of large-scale gullying.  Fascinating to learn how dependent the topography of the area is upon subsurface ice.

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▶ The Pacific Crest Trail in Three Minutes

"The entirety of a Pacific Crest Trail thru-hike from the US/Mexico border to the US/Canada border across 2,660 mi / 4,200 km through California, Oregon, and Washington."

YEC Geo's insight:

This video's gained over 865,000 views in less than a month, and it's easy to see why--it's an enticing sampler of the incredible geology along the Pacific Crest trail.

 

Almost tempted me to start planning a multi-year attempt, until I saw this, by the same guy who made the video:  http://www.halfwayanywhere.com/trails/pacific-crest-trail/17-things-scarier-than-bears-on-the-pacific-crest-trail/

 

OK, maybe I'll stick to day hikes.

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Drones Are Becoming the Oil Industry's Guardian Angels

Drones Are Becoming the Oil Industry's Guardian Angels | Conformable Contacts | Scoop.it
Self-piloting drones like the Boomerang are leading a small but fundamental change in the industry. In oil and gas, equipment doesn’t move without data—where to drill, how deep to go, and so on. With the traffic bottleneck removed, suddenly equipment can move more nimbly and exploration startups can get in the drilling game for a fraction of the traditional entry cost.
YEC Geo's insight:

Tech disruption coming to the oil bidness?

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